This is a 1939 black and white movie called Colored American Cavalcade, which was produced by Halley Harding. It is presented by the United Golfers Association. Produced by Halley Harding. The movie opens at the 14th Annual Open 10th Amateur National Golf Tournament, 00:20. Golfers approach the hole, 00:44. Camera pans over golf trophies, 00:56. Young boy swings the golf club, 1:10. The ladies of the west coast golf club wave to the players, 1:15. The Chicago Caravan are pictured waving to the camera, 1:28. Hosts J.A Buchanan and Bill Johnston are the official West Coast hosts, 1:36 – they welcome Ralph R. Chilton, the national president, 1:35. Contestants and members of the West Coast Golf Club approach the first tee, 2:00. Dr. Remus Robinson, 1938 amateur champion being greeted by Ralph Chilton and George Randall, president of Randall Productions Inc., 2:23. A.L. Miller from Atlanta tees off, 2:34. Dr. Bradford, President of the West Coast Golf Club tees off, 2:43. J.A Buchanan tees off, 2:49. John Grey (Spelling?), amateur champion of Chicago, tees off, 2:56. Eddie Atkinson tees off, 3:02. Theophilus T. Smith (Spelling?) tees off, 3:10. Eddie Martin (Spelling?) from Columbia Pictures Studios tees off, 3:18. Clarence Chandler, amateur champion of Atlanta tees off, 3:42. Landy Taylor from Norfolk, VA tees off, 3:49. Howard Wheeler from Atlanta, Georgia tees off with a cross handed grip, 4:26. A.V. Crosby of Columbus Ohio tees off, 4:47. Howard Wheeler saves a ball by shooting from behind a tree but breaks his club, 5:19. Howard Wheeler makes a putt for birdie, 5:38. B. Penny from Detroit Michigan tees off, 6:00. Howard Wheeler shoots a chip shot, 6:24. Howard Wheeler sinks a putt, 6:35. Cliff Strickland on approach, 6:57. Theophilus Smith on approach 7:07. Edison Marshall overshoots the green, 7:14. Theophilus Smith misses a putt, 7:28. Theophilus Smith makes the tap-in, 7:31. Edison Marshall misses a putt, 7:37. Cliff Strickland wins the Championship, 7:50. Cliff Strickland is announced Champion, 8:05. Geneva Wilson from Chicago takes home the woman’s trophy, 8:12. Martha Quisby is the west coast champion, 8:28. Cliff Strickland accepts the tournament trophy, 8:37. Roscoe Jones, the chairman of the tournament committee, shakes Strickland’s hand, 8:43. The ladies all drive from the tee at once, 9:07.
The United Golf Association (UGA) was a group of African-American professional golfers who operated a separate series of professional golf tournaments for Blacks during the era of racial segregation in the United States. It was said to have started in 1925 when George Adams became a founding member and in 1926 by Robert Hawkins, a golfer from Massachusetts. It was known affectionately as the Chitlin Circuit and included many talented golfers such as Ted Rhodes, Bill Spiller, Pete Brown (golfer), Lee Elder, Willie Brown Jr, Zeke Hartsfield, Howard Wheeler and Charlie Sifford.
Women were allowed to participate from the group's inception, but only in 1939 did the first women's golfing organization seek affiliation when the Chicago Women's Golf Club, organized by Anna Robinson, applied to join. Also, the Wake-Robin Golf Club, whose first president was Helen Webb Harris, joined the UGA under her leadership.
Jimmy Taylor added the Mid Winter Classic at Rogers Park, Tampa to the circuit in 1963.
The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) had an article in its bylaws stating that it was "for members of the Caucasian race." Once this bylaw was repealed in the early 1960s and Black golfers were allowed to enter the PGA, the United Golf Association ceased to exist.
Contemporary golf associations for African Americans include the African American Golf Association (AAGA), United States Black Golf Association, Western States Golf Association, Bogey Boyz, Black Jewels Ladies Golf Association and the African American Golf Foundation, Inc.
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