Made in the 1940s by the National Board of Fire Underwriters and the Factory Insurance Association, STOP FIRES SAVE JOBS shows the threat of fires in the workplace: how they are caused, what their impact can be, and how they can be prevented. The film contains a lot of wonderful shots of factories, workers, fire engines and fire fighters, and of course -- fires.
The film begins with fire; how fire may make jobs, be the servant of industry, creates goods and payrolls (1:01), when uncontrolled is also the destroyer of all of these and man himself (1:33). Each year, fires injure about 100,000 people (1:52) and burn to death at least 10,000 (1:52). In one year 30,000 factories will be damaged, fires will have cost 200 million days of work (2:21), and created a loss of over $250 million (2:42). Through fire protection engineering, management and employee cooperation (3:18) these fires may be prevented. There are three factors that enable a fire, and these are fuel, ignition source, and air (3:51). Because flames feed on fuel, it is imperative to keep waste from piling up (4:21). Aisles and exit pathways must remain clear (4:28). As packing materials are nearly always combustable, they should never be used near flames or anything conductive (4:51). Even outdoors, trash must be kept from doorways as it may create a path of fire to the building (5:41). Vapors from gasoline are of the most dangerous (6:00), as they are highly flammable and dangerous at all times (6:09).Other liquids such as alcohol, gasoline, naphtha, ether and types of paints, even at low temperatures are constantly giving off vapors (6:27). The fine dust from flours and powdered sugars are equally as dangerous (6:48). In a testing machine, a small quantity of this dust is exposed to a air stream blowing past a heated coil to show just how combustable it is (7:25). Therefore, dusting systems and vents must be frequently checked and cleaned (7:38).As sources of ignition often hide, machinery should never be left on and unattended (8:22). Motors and bearings should be kept well lubricated as well as dust and dirt removed (8:40). Misuse and abuse of equipment is dangerous and overheating may cause fires (8:45). Approved fuses with proper ratings on machinery is made to prevent fires (8:57). Welding creates dangerous sparks and all combustable material must be removed before use (9:32). Extinguishers should be kept on hand and watchmen after use (10:10). Employees must never smoke in prohibited areas (10:38). In case of a fire, the fire department should be contacted immediately (11:07) and the first five minutes are more important than the next five hours after it starts (11:22). There are many fire safety features in plants, such as varying types of fire extinguishers (12:42-14:11) as well as automatic sprinkling systems (14:52). While most plants are closed during holidays, weekends and nights; many fires from carelessly discarded cigarettes occur one hour after closing (16:20). The automatic alarms, sprinklers and watchmen assist in detecting them, yet it is important to keep areas like personal lockers clear (16:52). The film draws to conclusion reminding viewers that if the company is protected from fire, so will employees and their jobs (17:07). This film has been produced by Audio Productions Inc. (17:45)
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This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD, 2k and 4k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com