This color medical film from the U.S. Veterans Administration describes the treatment and therapy modes available for aphasic patients, in this case WWII war veterans. The film is a reminder of the 670,000 men wounded during the conflict, many of whom suffered long term disability. Aphasia can occur suddenly after a stroke or head injury, or develop slowly from a growing brain tumor or disease. Aphasia affects a person's ability to express and understand written and spoken language.Once the underlying cause is treated, the main treatment for aphasia is speech therapy. Copyright is circa the mid-1950s.
Opening titles: Testing And Individual Therapy For The Aphasic Patient (:07-:41). Four men sit in a hospital exam room. They are all aphasic - they have a language disorder that affects their ability to communicate. A wounded veteran walks into an office and sits down, a woman works with him. A veteran uses tools. A wounded man walks out of a car with a cane. A veteran walks with a slight limp (:42-3:21). A wounded veteran explains what happened to him. Veterans eat food at a dinner table. A man with a bandage over his eye is met by a doctor. His reflexes are checked by the doctor. His feet are then touched (3:22-5:28). The man's visuals are checked. A Hawaiian veteran has his brain waves checked. A psychological evaluation for a veteran given by a female. She checks his speech patterns and then asks him a simple math question from a photo, he has trouble with it (5:29-7:29). The veteran is given a maze to try and get himself out of on a piece of paper. A female therapist speaks to the viewer about evaluating patients. A veteran is asked questions and answers them (7:30-9:13). A veteran is asked to do a projective test with pictures and placement. A veteran takes a test where he is to match colors with words (9:14-11:43). How the room should be so as to make it comfortable for the patient. A form - the 102526 form summarizes the test. Tests for motor aphasia, sensory aphasia, and formulation aphasia. Motor aphasia could include agraphia, an acquired neurological disorder causing a loss in the ability to communicate through writing, either due to some form of motor dysfunction or an inability to spell. Sensory aphasia and formulation aphasia are explained (11:44-13:44). A patient is relearning motor speech. A mirror is used to relearn tongue and lip positions. A female teaches the man how to say the word 'man' (13:45-15:51). The man continues to learn how to say 'man.' A female works with a veteran to learn how to write. He writes on a chalkboard (15:52-17:23). The female helps the man write on the chalkboard to relearn the pattern of writing. Sensory aphasia examples. A patient works with a female, she writes on a chalkboard. She then tries to get him to say a word (17:24-20:09). The man says the word. A man writes on a chalkboard and then asks the patient to read. He reads slowly and traces some words to help himself (20:10-22:25). A therapist sits with a veteran. The veteran is asked questions and answers some correctly. Some of the answers are played back on a reel to reel (22:26-24:29). A therapist plays back a patient's words on a record, he listens intently. The therapist plays another record (24:30-26:10). Veterans sit and play cards together. Some of the veterans speak about their plans after they leave the hospital (26:11-27:18). End credits (27:19-27:28).
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This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD, 2k and 4k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com