This color film “Highlights 1970” was produced by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It opens with NASA photos of the March 7, 1970 total solar eclipse (:35-:52). Two types of weather satellites were already transmitting data 1970: the TIROS Operational Satellite and the Nimbus (:53-1:15). In aeronautics, NASA continued researching wake turbulence using a C-47 and smoke from the tower, with footage shown of these otherwise invisible air patterns (1:16-1:30). An Earth Resources Aircraft took high-altitude photos of Peru’s May 31, 1970 devastating earthquake (1:31-1:43). It also took temperature and color measurements over Oregon’s tuna fishing areas to assist local fishermen (1:44-1:54). The Apollo 13 lunar landing mission was aborted due to difficulties but astronauts James Lovell, Jack Swigert, and Fred Haise safely returned to earth on April 17, 1970 (1:55-2:10). On September 30, 1970, the last of the Saturn 5 moon rockets were test-fired (2:11-2:22). Four college students spent 90 days in a Space Station Simulator with no ill effects (2:23-2:42). In October, Soviet cosmonauts visit the U.S., and the U.S. and Soviet Union agreed to study ways to collaborate in space (2:43-3:00). Reporter Sally Ann Haynes (Carter) provides a special report on the history of the moon. Actual photos of the moon are interspersed with dialog (2:44-6:19). A close-up of the moon’s surface reveals heavily cratered lunar Highlands and the dark smooth plains known as Maria (6:20-7:18). Further close-ups of the Highlands show craters, mountain ranges, domes, red glows, and ocean waves (7:19-8:03). Close-ups of the Maria show flat basins, wrinkle ridges, phantom craters, valleys, faults, and mass concentrations (8:04-8:59). Images of the Surveyor spacecraft collect surface samples (9:00-9:10). Footage is shown of the July 20, 1969 landing of the Apollo 11 Eagle lunar module (9:35-10:20). Footage taken by the astronauts is shown (10:21-11:28). Footage leads to showing Neil Armstrong collecting samples on the moon’s surface, his footprints on the moon, and other rocks he sees (11:29-13:30). Instruments are set up on the moon (13:31-13:40), including the Lunar Laser Ranging Experiment to measure distances to the moon (13:41-14:15). Another device left is a seismometer to measure vibrations (14:16-14:28). The astronauts of Apollo 12, which landed in the Ocean of Storms November 19, 1969, enlarged these experiments (14:30-14:59). The moon rocks and materials brought back to earth are studied by scientists, including showing photos under microscopes and a breakdown of the minerals found in them (15:00-19:39). The sun’s solar wind has contributed to these materials (19:40-20:38). The lunar materials have also been searched for any trace of life (20:39-20:52). Exposing crop plants to lunar material showed unexpected increased growth (20:53-22:03). Back on the moon, the seismometer sent vibrations back due to impacts from the lunar module and moonquakes (22:04-23:49). Some of the other equipment left there has also sent additional information (23:50-24:17). Additional photos of the moon are shown (24:18-26:36). Scientists attend the first lunar science conference on January 5, 1970 and their comments are played (26:37-27:34).
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This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD, 2k and 4k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com