The objective of this study is to identify possible financing sources for the implantation of sanitary landfills in small municipalities in Brazil. It also seeks, through a preliminary study, to verify the extent to which there are financial resources, whether from the state or of private origin, capable of leveraging, in the context of small cities, the works necessary to fulfill the objectives established in the National Plan of Solid Waste, which falls under Law no. 12,305, August 2, 2010. The initial assumption with regard to financing is that while there are suitable alternatives to meet the needs and demands of municipalities, there are inconsistencies between the institutional entities of the Brazilian federation, and efficiency in the implementation of the sanitary landfills that need to be improved in the federative agreement. The research question is situated in a theoretical framework that can be categorized as analysis of public policy. The study is of a qualitative approach. The relevance of the theme lies in the benefits that achieving a landfill would provide to the environment and public health in Brazilian cities. The result of the test indicates possible viable options of official resources for the execution of sanitary landfill implantation carried out by local governments of cities with up to fifty thousand inhabitants.