The psychological factors encompass a vast consumption of prolonged and continuous use drugs, whose purpose is to soften the clinical manifestations that comorbidities present. The concomitant use of more than five drugs may lead to a reduction in adherence to treatment and therefore the unsatisfactory drug effectiveness. The present article aims to evaluate individuals aged 45 to 60 years with some of these psychological factors: anxiety, depression and / or stress, as well as adherence to drug therapy. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional and quantitative approach, performed in the city of Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil. For obtaining the results, it was adopted the socioeconomic questionnaires, BAI, BDI, ISSL and Abuel. The sample was composed by 389 individuals of both genders. Individuals with anxiety reported a greater intake of natural drugs for pain, sleeping, and depression. Individuals with depression reported a higher intake of the drugs described above, plus anxiety. Individuals with stress reported a greater intake of the same drugs than those ones described by anxiety, plus the drug for anxiety.