Note: This is a short version of this film. See the other film in the playlist for the full hour-long documentary.
"Nuremberg: It's Lesson for Today" was made by the Office of Military Government for Germany in May of 1947 under the auspices of the OSS Field Photographic Unit headed by John Ford. In the summer of 1945, Ford dispatched Stuart Schulberg to Europe to hunt for Nazi films that could be used at the Nuremberg trial. His older brother Budd, of higher rank, followed and led what became a small team of editors and writers. During a frenzied 4-month period, the Schulberg brothers and their colleagues scoured the German-occupied territories for footage. The films and photos they presented in the courtroom played a role in convicting the Nazis on trial. Subsequently, Stuart Schulberg wrote and directed this film, "Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today", which became the official documentary about the trial. The film opens with footage from Europe post V-E Day (:51). Citizens climb out from dug out positions (1:03). One gentleman plays a violin outside with a small child (1:17). Children await food supply donations (1:22). The streets of Europe are filmed devastated and stricken with poverty (1:36). The Nuremburg trials began on November 21st, 1945 (1:56) at the Palace of Justice (2:03). The Chief American prosecutor, Robert H. Jackson makes his opening statements (2:55). Herman Goering and Hitler are seen sitting next to one another (3:16). Nazi confiscated footage shows wooden carts carry severely emaciated prisoners (3:29), and another naked emaciated man being wrapped in a blanket by what appears to be Nazi doctors and nurses (3:41). Nazi Governor of Poland, Hans Frank is pictured among the courtroom stands (4:25). Heaps of bodies lie in open streets and mass graves are viewed as words are lifted from Frank’s diary about the liquidation of thousands of Polish (4:32). Atrocities spread across Europe as the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre took place in France June, 10th, 1944 (4:47). Bande of Belgium too was not spared (5:11). Catacombe di San Callisto (5:30), was the site of a massacre of Italians during the German occupation of Italy. The meticulous list of hostages whom were murdered here follows (5:36). Hitler and Reichsfurer-SS Henrich Himmler ordered the massacre and complete decimation of Lidice, Czechoslovakia in June of 1942 (6:01). Explosions erupt as the city is leveled (6:37). Rudolph Hess (7:21) describes concentration camps beginning with Auschwitz (7:24). The charred remains of some of the captives are exposed (7:31). Footage of prisoner bunkers (7:40). Belongings from the dead collected in piles including suitcases (8:00), hair (8:06), toothbrushes (8:08) and shoes (8:13). Medical tests and experiments were conducted at many of the concentration camps (8:26). Fritz Sauckel headed the slave labor policy (9:20). Forced laborers slave away at a bridge construction site (9:46). Goering (9:58) searching a town for resources to be used for the German people. Wilhelm Frick (10:43) headed the program aimed at the aged, insane or incurable Germans (10:52). Targeted attack on Jewish people as anti-Jewish propaganda posters are strung up in the city (11:24). Rudolph Hess sits near Hitler (12:01) as Goering reads hate speech. Jews pulled from their homes (12:24), beaten and dragged across the streets. SS Brigadier Jurgen Stroop’s words are read describing the cleaning out of the ghetto (13:05). Chargers are set as the ghetto was leveled (13:05). Violence continued in order to remove any remaining Jewish from hide out positions (13:55). Hess (14:12) describes the process as the Nazi’s moved towards their ultimate goal of complete extermination of the Jewish people. Prisoners (14:22) are seen moving past doctors who were to decide who was fit to work and who was to be sent immediately to the death chambers including children (14:28). The too young are moved to a death chamber after having been told they were to be de-loused (14:38). Shower heads, from which the poison gas flowed from (14:48). Gold teeth fillings collected from the dead (15:11). Possessions from those murdered were transported to secret vaults (15:21). Defendant Funk’s vault is examined (15:27). As the prosecution rests (16:39), on October 1st, 1946 Lord Justice Lawrence, President of the Tribunal reads the verdict (17:15). The SS, SD, Gestapo and Leadership Corp were all found guilty (17:24). Individual verdicts are read at (17:33). The burning of the Reichstag Tower on February 27th, 1933 is seen at (18:38). Julius Streicher (19:08), Erich Raeder (19:42), Baldur von Schirach (19:50) and Albert Speer (20:27) are zoomed in on as the trial ends (21:28). Goering’s cell is visited as he committed suicide prior to his execution (21:48).
This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive,. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com