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Feb 6, 2023 Robert Bedrosian
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Volumes Guide to Pliny's Natural History, translated from Latin by John Bostock and H. T. Riley in six volumes (London, 1855). The pdf versions are bookmarked and searchable, with scholarly notes. The multilingual HTML versions (which are also attachments to the present document) lack the notes. Prepared by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has entries about Pliny the Elder (23-79 A.D.), and his invaluable Natural History.
Topics: Pliny, Natural History, Index, Indices, Volumes, Flora, Fauna, Botany, Ethnobotany, Plants,...
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Feb 6, 2023 Lawrence Nees
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"Art and Architecture" [in Europe, c. 700 - c. 900], by Lawrence Nees, Chapter 30 with bibliographies and many plates from Cambridge Medieval History, Volume 2 (New York, 1995),  in 104 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a group of entries on the subject. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: Introduction Patronage The Personality of Images Iconoclasm and the Image Question Iconography Architecture Sculpture, Ivory Carving, Metalwork and Textiles Painting and Book...
Topics: History, Historical, Early Medieval, Art, Architecture, Europe, European, Christian, Christianity,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Feb 5, 2023 David Winfield
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"Some Early Medieval Figure Sculpture from North-East Turkey," by David Winfield, from Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 31 (1968), pp. 33- 72, in 82 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages, with many rare photos. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. The churches mentioned were all in use as mosques (in 1968), in an area embracing the cities of Trebizond, Erzurum, Kars, Ardahan, Ardanuj, and Artsvin, in northeastern...
Topics: Art, Sculpture, Architecture, History, Historical, Early Medieval, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian,...
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Feb 5, 2023 Hugh Kennedy
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"The Muslims in Europe," by Hugh Kennedy, Chapter 10 with tables and bibliographies from Cambridge Medieval History, Volume 2 (New York, 1995), pp.  249-271, in 50 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The chapter covers the period from about 700 to about 900, and focuses on Sicily, southern Italy, and the conquest and establishment of al-Andalus (711-912). Wikipedia has a group of entries about early Muslim settlement in Europe. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Early Medieval, Islam, Muslim, Muslims, Europe, European, Settlement,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Feb 4, 2023 Ellen Ettlinger
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"Omens and Celtic Warfare," by Ellen Ettlinger, from the journal Man, Vol. 43 (Jan. - Feb., 1943), pp. 11-17, in 8 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a group of entries relating to the motif of omens in myths. Internet Archive has other works by the author. 
Topics: Folklore, Tales, Legends, Celts, Celtic, Motifs, Omens, Warfare, War, Heroes, Dreams, Supernatural,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Feb 4, 2023 Peter Thonemann
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"Heroic Onomastics in Roman Anatolia," by Peter Thonemann, from the journal Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, Bd. 64, H. 3 (2015), pp. 357-385, in 30 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The article covers the Roman imperial period, which extends from the 1st through the 4th centuries. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. From the Abstract: This article is concerned with the use of heroic personal names ('heronyms') by the inhabitants of the Anatolian peninsula in the Roman...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Hellenistic, Classical, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Heronyms, Greek,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Feb 4, 2023 William Crooke
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Three Hindu Festivals, by William Crooke, in 90 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains: "The Holi: A Vernal Festival of the Hindus," from the journal Folklore, Vol. 25, No. 1 (Mar. 31, 1914), pp. 55-83; "The Dasahra: An Autumn Festival of the Hindus," from Folklore, Vol. 26, No. 1 (Mar. 31, 1915), pp. 28-59; and "The Dīvālī, the Lamp Festival of the Hindus," from Folklore, Vol. 34, No. 4 (Dec. 31, 1923), pp. 267-292. Wikipedia has groups of...
Topics: Festivals, Religion, Religious, Hinduism, Hindus, India, Indian, Beliefs, Practices, Holidays,...
"Setting the Stage for Hittite Studies in Victorian England: Practices and Methods of the 1870s," by  Silvia Alaura, from the journal Anabases, No. 26 (2017), pp. 33-52, in 21 searchable pdf pages. This is a fascinating account of the individuals and events involved in the development of Middle Eastern/Near Eastern scholarship in England, and particularly of Hittite studies.
Topics: Archaeology, Middle East, Near East, England, British Museum, History, Historical, Ancient,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Feb 3, 2023 Peter Thonemann
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"Close-Kin Marriage in Roman Anatolia," by Peter Thonemann, from Cambridge Classical Journal, Vol. 63 (2017), pp. 143-166, in 25 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The article covers the Roman Imperial period (1st-4th centuries). Wikipedia has a group of entries relating to close-kin marriage in antiquity; and another group about the ancient district of Lycia in southwestern Asia Minor. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. From the Abstract: "Many societies have a normative preference...
Topics: History, Historical, Asia Minor, Lycia, Lykia, Anatolia, Marriage, Endogamy, Rome, Roman, Roman...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Feb 3, 2023 Roshan Abraham
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"The Geography of Culture in Philostratus' Life of Apollonius of Tyana, " by Roshan Abraham, from Classical Journal, Vol. 109, No. 4 (April-May 2014), pp. 465-480, in 17 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry ( Life of Apollonius of Tyana ), describing a work written by Flavius Philostratus, who lived from about 170 to about 245 A.D. Apollonius was a 1st-century philosopher, prophet, and wonder-worker who supposedly travelled in Italy, Hispania, Nubia, Greece,...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Roman Republic, Roman Empire, Tyana, Philostratus,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Feb 3, 2023 C. Doumas
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"What did the Argonauts seek in Colchis?" by C. Doumas, from the journal Hermathena, No. 150 (Summer 1991), pp. 31-41, in 12 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry (Argonautica) , which describes an ancient Greek tale known to Homer in the 8th century B.C., but best known from an account by Apollonius of Rhodes in the 3rd century B.C. On the topic, see also the section Myths Concerning Aia , in Robert Bedrosian's study "Eastern Asia Minor and the Caucasus in...
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Antiquity, Ancient, Classical, Aegean, Black Sea, Greek, Greece,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Feb 2, 2023 Braund, David, 1957-
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"Royal Wills and Rome," by David Braund, from the journal Papers of the British School at Rome, Vol. 51 (1983), pp. 16-57, in 43 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. From the Introduction: "The purpose of this article is to offer an interpretation of the factors which caused kings and members of their houses to make wills involving Rome and Romans. A few of these wills have been much discussed, but most have not and some are all but unknown to the...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Wills, Testaments, Rome, Roman, Roman Republic, Roman...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Feb 2, 2023 Nayana Sharma Mukherjee
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"Trade in Medicinal Drugs in Ancient India," by Nayana Sharma Mukherjee, from the journal Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, Vol. 78 (2017), pp. 153-160, in 9 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a group of entries about ancient Indian healing and the drugs used.
Topics: History, Historical, Trade, Commerce, Business, Economy, Medicine, Pharma, Drugs, Ancient,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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"Viticulture and Wine in Hittite Anatolia and Its Ancient Near Eastern Context," by Carlo Corti, from the journal Die Welt des Orients, Bd. 48, H. 2., in 23 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The work begins with an introduction by the author, followed by a longer study later in the same volume, "Viticulture and Wine in Hittite Anatolia and Its Ancient Near Eastern Context: Philological, Archaeological and Comparative Perspectives." Attached to the document are links to...
Topics: Wine, Viticulture, Grapevine, History, Historical, Asia Minor, Hittite, Hittites, Agriculture,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Feb 1, 2023 Barbara Levick
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"The Roman Economy: Trade in Asia Minor and the Niche Market," by Barbara Levick, from the journal Greece & Rome, Vol. 51, No. 2 (Oct., 2004), pp. 180-198, in 20 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The article covers the 1st century B.C. through the 2nd century A.D. Wikipedia has a group of entries relating to the topic. Contents: The scale of trade The cases of Gaul and Asia Minor The importance of diversity The roles of the army and of taxation The stigma of 'trade' Urban needs...
Topics: History, Historical, Economy, Economic, Asia Minor, Rome, Roman Republic, Roman Empire, Business,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 31, 2023 Carlo Corti
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"Along the Road to Nerik: Local Panthea of Hittite Northern Anatolia," by Carlo Corti, from the journal Die Welt des Orients, Bd. 48, H. 1 (2018), pp. 24-71, in 49 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on Nerik, a Bronze Age settlement, located  in Pontus, in Asia Minor, and sacred to the Storm god, son of the goddess Arinna. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: 1. Introduction 2. The Festival Tablet Philological Notes 3. General Remarks 4. Divine pairs of...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Asia Minor, Pontus, Black Sea, Nerik, Hittite, Hittites,...
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Jan 31, 2023 Stephanie Dalley
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"The Transition from Neo-Assyrians to Neo-Babylonians: Break or Continuity?" by Stephanie Dalley, from Eretz-Israel: Archaeological, Historical and Geographical Studies, Hayim and Miriam Tadmor Volume (Jerusalem, 2003), pp. 26-28, in 5 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has groups of entries on both Neo-Assyrians, and Neo-Babylonians. From the Introduction: "Hayim Tadmor has devoted much of his scholarly work to investigating the history and inscription of late Assyrian kings and of...
Topics: History, Historical, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian,...
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Jan 31, 2023 J.G.F. Hind
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"Greek and Barbarian Peoples on the Shores of the Black Sea," by J.G.F. Hind, in 60 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages, with many maps, photos, and illustrations. The download contains two articles which provide invaluable information about archaeology done on the Black Sea coast, in the period 1983-1992. Wikipedia has a group of entries relating to Greeks and the Black Sea.
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Classical, Black Sea, Trade, Settlements, Colonies, Greek,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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"The Collapse of Empire at Gordion in the Transition from the Achaemenid to the Hellenistic World," by Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre, from the journal Anatolian Studies, Vol. 69 (2019), pp. 109-132, in 25 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages, with many photos and illustrations. Wikipedia has entries on the city of Gordion/Gordium, capital of Phrygia, in Asia Minor. From the Abstract: "Gordion, ancient capital of Phrygia, was a large and thriving city of secondary importance during the...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Achaemenid, Achaemenids, Gordion, Gordium, Phrygia,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 31, 2023 Sarah Pothecary
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"A Road Trip with Strabo: Memory and Composition in the 'Geography'," by Sarah Pothecary, from the journal Mnemosyne, Fourth Series, Vol. 69, Fasc. 2 (2016), pp. 202-225, in 25 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry (Strabo) and a group of related entries about the Greek geographer and historian from Pontus in Asia Minor, who lived from about 64 B.C. to about A.D. 24. Internet Archive has a selection of works by or about Strabo, including a multilingual HTML...
Topics: Geography, History, Historical, Historiography, Strabo, Rome, Roman, Roman Republic, Asia Minor,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 31, 2023 K. M. Coleman
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"Launching into History: Aquatic Displays in the Early Empire," by K. M. Coleman, from Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 83 (1993), pp. 48-74, in 28 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on Naumachia or "Naval Combat" as theater. The article focuses on the extravagant spectacles staged by Roman emperors of the 1st and 2nd centuries A.D. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. I. Introduction II. Venues a. Custom-built basins b. Natural settings c. Structures...
Topics: History, Historical, Rome, Roman Empire, Aquatic, Science, Boats, Ships, Vessels, Triremes, Naval,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 29, 2023 A. N. Sherwin-White
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"Roman Involvement in Anatolia, 167-88 B.C.," by  A. N. Sherwin-White, from Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 67 (1977), pp. 62-75, in 15 bookmarked pdf pages. Attached to the document is an earlier article by the author, "Violence in Roman Politics" (1956), which focuses on the first century B.C. Wikipedia has a group of entries on Rome and Asia Minor in the period discussed. On the topic, see also the article by Tretiakov and Mongait, Transcaucasia and Roman Expansion ....
Topics: History, Historical, Roman Republic, Rome, Roman, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Violence, Warfare, Economy,...
"On the Temperature, Secular Cooling and Contraction of the Earth, and on the Theory of Earthquakes Held by the Ancients," by T. J. J. See, from the journal Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 46, No. 186 (Apr. - Sep., 1907), pp. 191-299, in 110 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a group of entries on ancient Earth Science. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: 1. The temperature and internal state of the earth. 2. The secular cooling of the...
Topics: Science, Scientific, Temperature, Cooling, Contraction, Earth, Earth Science, Earthquakes, History,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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"Near Eastern Slaves in Classical Attica and the Slave Trade with Persian Territories," by David Lewis, from the journal Classical Quarterly, New Series, Vol. 61, No. 1 (May 2011), pp. 91-113, in 24 searchable pdf pages.  Attached to the document is a earlier article frequently cited by Lewis, "The Export of Slaves from Colchis," by David Braund and G. R. Tsetskhladze, from Classical Quarterly, Vol. 39, No. 1 (1989), pp. 114-125. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Slavery, Slaves, Antiquity, Ancient, Classical, Greece, Attica, Middle East,...
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Jan 28, 2023 Guy Halsall
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"The Barbarian Invasions," by Guy Halsall, Chapter 2. pp. 35-55, from Cambridge Medieval History, Volume 1 (New York, 2005), with bibliographies, in 46 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The chapter focuses on the late 4th-7th centuries in Western Europe, and includes an excellent discussion of the historiography of the invasions, at the time(s) and in later periods. Wikipedia has a group of entries on the subject. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. On the topic, see also the studies by...
Topics: History, Historical, Early Medieval, Invasions, Migrations, Europe, European, Goths, Huns, Rome,...
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Jan 26, 2023 Peter Heather; I. N. Wood
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Goths, Huns, Barbarian Invasions and Settlements in the Late Roman Empire, A.D. 337-425, in 78 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains two chapters with maps and bibliographies from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 13 (New York, 1998): Chapter 16. "Goths and Huns, c. 320-425," by Peter Heather; and Chapter 17. "The Barbarian Invasions and First Settlements," by I. N. Wood. Wikipedia has entries relating to  the main participants (Goths, Huns). On the...
Topics: History, Historical, Rome, Roman, Roman Empire, Medieval, Europe, European, Invasions, Barbarian,...
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Jan 25, 2023 Maria-Paz de Hoz
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"Strabo's Cis-Tauran Asia: A Humanistic Geography," by Maria-Paz de Hoz, Chapter 13 from The Routledge Companion to Strabo (New York, 2017), edited by Daniela Dueck, pp. 150-162 in 13 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry (Strabo) and a group of related entries about the Greek geographer and historian, who lived from about 64 B.C. to about A.D. 24. Internet Archive has a selection of works by or about Strabo, including a multilingual HTML...
Topics: History, Historiography, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Rome, Roman, Asia Minor, Geography, Myth,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 25, 2023 Ellen Ettlinger
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"The Invulnerable Hero in Celtic Legend," by Ellen Ettlinger, from the journal Man Vol. 42 (Mar. - Apr., 1942), pp. 43-45, in 4 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a group of entries relating to the motif of the invincible hero. Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: Folklore, Tales, Legends, Celts, Celtic, Motifs, Heroes, Invisibility, Invincibility
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 25, 2023 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"The Snake Tower," by Alexander H. Krappe, from the journal Scandinavian Studies and Notes, Vol. 16, No. 1 (February, 1940), pp. 22-33, in 13 searchable pdf pages. The motif of the tower or pit full of snakes and scorpions in the folklore of Europe is investigated. Internet Archive has other works by the author, and a selection of works relating to folklore.
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Tales, Sagas, Europe, European, Scandinavia, Scandinavian, Snakes, Motifs,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 25, 2023 Inger N. I. Kuin
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"Rewriting Family History: Strabo and the Mithridatic Wars," by Inger N. I. Kuin, from the journal Phoenix, Vol. 71, No. 1/2 (Spring- Summer/printemps-été 2017), pp. 102-118, in 18 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry (Strabo) and a group of related entries about the Greek geographer and historian, who lived from about 64 B.C. to about A.D. 24. Internet Archive has a selection of works by or about Strabo. From the Introduction: "...Although it does not have a...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Rome, Roman, Roman Republic, Strabo, Mithridates, Pontus,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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"Paganism in the Greek World at the End of Antiquity: The Case of Rural Anatolia and Greece," by Frank R. Trombley, from the journal Harvard Theological Review, Vol. 78, No. 3/4 (Jul. - Oct., 1985), pp. 327-352, in 27 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a group of entries relating to Byzantine paganism. The article covers the 4th-10th centuries. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Late Antiquity, Eusebius, Procopius, John of Ephesus, Komana, Strabo, Syria,...
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Jan 21, 2023 Multiple authors
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History of the Nomads of Central Asia, 700 B.C. to A.D. 250, in 130 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains six chapters from History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume II (Paris, 1994), with maps and bilbiographies. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has a selection of works relating to Turco-Mongolica (various periods and topics). Contents: 1. "Ancient Iranian nomads in western Central Asia," by A. Abetekov and H . Yusupov 6. "Nomads in...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Remote, Turco-Mongolica, Iran, Persia, Persian, Iranian,...
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Jan 21, 2023 Janet Huskinson
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"Art and Architecture, A.D. 193-337," by Janet Huskinson, Chapter 19 from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 12 (New York, 2005), with many plates and illustrations, in 75 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has groups of entries about Roman art and Roman architecture of various periods. Google Images has examples: Roman art, Roman architecture. I. Introduction II. Art and Architecture, A.D. 193-337; a survey 1. Emperors, Rome, and the past a....
Topics: Art, Architecture, History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Rome, Roman, Roman Empire, Late...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 21, 2023 Guitty Azarpay; Multiple authors
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"Proportional Guidelines in Ancient Near Eastern Art," by Guitty Azarpay, with W. G. Lambert, Wolfgang Heimpel, and Anne Draffkorn Kilmer, from Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 46, No. 3 (Jul., 1987), pp. 183- 213, in 32 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages with illustrations and plates. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the distinguished art historian. From the Introduction: "Studies on the history of proportions in art have generally avoided...
Topics: Art, History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Middle East, Near East,...
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Jan 20, 2023 Fowden, Garth
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Late Roman Polytheism, 193-337 A.D. , by Garth Fowden, in 95 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains three chapters on aspects of the topic, from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 12 (New York, 2005):  Chapter 17a. "The world-view"; Chapter 17b. "The individual and the gods"; and Chapter 17c. "Public religion." Wikipedia has a main entry (Polytheism) and a group of related entries about the widespread belief in many gods. Compiled by Robert...
Topics: Theism, Polytheism, Religion, Beliefs, Gods, Goddesses, Deities, Worship, Cults, Rituals, History,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 20, 2023 Juan Pablo Sánchez Hernández
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"Pausanias and Rome's Eastern Trade," by Juan Pablo Sánchez Hernández, from the journal Mnemosyne, Vol. 69, Fasc. 6 (2016), pp. 955-977, in 24 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has entries on the traveller and geographer Pausanias (about 110 to about 180 A.D.); and also on Indo-Roman trade and Sino-Roman relations. On the topic, see also the writings of J. W. McCrindle, at Internet Archive. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. From the Abstract: "This article studies Pausanias'...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Rome, Roman, Mediterranean, Trade, Commerce, Business,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 19, 2023 Jaume Llop; Daisuke Shibata
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"The Royal Journey in the Middle Assyrian Period," by Jaume Llop, Daisuke Shibata, from Journal of Cuneiform Studies, Vol. 68 (2016), pp. 67-98, in 33 searchable pdf pages. The authors categorize and translate passages from various sources about aspects of royal travel, focusing mainly on Assyrian monarchs Shalmaneser I (reigned about 1273-1244 B.C.), Tukulti-Ninurta I (about 1243-1207 B.C.), and Tiglath-pileser I (1114-1076 B.C.). Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. From the Abstract:...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori, Mesopotamia, Monarchs, Kings,...
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Jan 19, 2023 Multiple authors
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"Roman Literacy, Literature, and Philosophy, A.D. 70-192," in 104 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains three chapters with bibliographies from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 11 (New York 2000): Chapter 30. "Literacy," by Greg Woolf; Chapter 31. "Literature and sophistic," by Ewen Bowie; and Chapter 32. "Philosophy," by J. M. Dillon. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Literacy: 1. The extent and significance of literacy 2. The uses of...
Topics: Literature, Literary, Literacy, Philosophy, History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Rome, Roman,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 19, 2023 Israel Ephʿal
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"Esarhaddon, Egypt, and Shubria: Politics and Propaganda," by Israel Ephʿal, from Journal of Cuneiform Studies, Vol. 57 (2005), pp. 99-111, in 14 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry (Esarhaddon) and a group of related entries about the Assyrian monarch who ruled from 681 to 669 B.C., conquered Egypt and then defeated the Hurrian state called Shubria/Shupria, to the southwest of Lake Van in Asia Minor. From the Introduction: "In the winter of 673 B.C., at the end of...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian,...
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Jan 18, 2023 Colledge, Malcolm A. R.
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"Roman Art and Architecture, A.D. 70-192," by Malcolm A.R. Colledge, in 54 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages, Chapter 34, from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 11 (New York 2000), with tables and bibliographies. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a group of entries relating to the period covered, which is called the High Empire. Google Images has examples of its art and architecture. Chapter 34: 1. Introduction 2. The Flavians 3. Trajan    4. Hadrian 5. The Antonines
Topics: History, Historical, Classical, Rome, Roman, Empire, High Empire, Art, Architecture
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Jan 18, 2023 W. G. Lambert
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"Babylonian Fables or Contest Literature," by W. G. Lambert in 89 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains Chapter 7, "Fables or Contest Literature," with extensive notes and addenda from Lambert's Babylonian Wisdom Literature (London, 1960). Wikipedia has a group of entries relating to the topic. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: Introductory 1. The Tamarisk and the Palm 2. The Fable of the Willow 3. Nisaba and Wheat 4. The Ox and the Horse 5. The...
Topics: Folklore, Tales, Fables, Literature, Ancient, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Sumerian, Akkadian,...
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Jan 17, 2023 Multiple authors
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Literature, Society, and Art, 43 B.C. - A.D. 69, in 120 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages.  The download contains two chapters with bibliographies from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 10 (New York, 1996): Chapter 19. "Literature and Society," by Gavin Townend; and Chapter 20. "Roman art, 43 B.C. to A.D. 69," by Mario Torelli. Wikipedia has a main entry on the period covered, centered on the reign of Roman emperor Octavian (Augustus) , and a group of related entries....
Topics: History, Historical, Rome, Roman Republic, Roman Empire, Ancient, Classical, Latin, Greek,...
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Jan 17, 2023 A. K. Narain
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"The Greeks of Bactria and India," by A. K. Narain, Chapter 11, pp. 388-421, from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 8 (New York, 1989), in 59 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has entries on the Greco-Bactrian kingdom, the Indo-Greek kingdom, and a group of related entries. These states existed in the 3rd-1st centuries B.C. and were founded by the successors of Alexander the Great in Asia. Contents: 1. Introduction Map 14: The Greek lands of central and southern Asia  ...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Hellenistic, Classical, Bactria, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 17, 2023 Jerrold S. Cooper; Wolfgang Heimpel
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"The Sumerian Sargon Legend," by Jerrold S. Cooper, Wolfgang Heimpel from Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 103, No. 1,  (Jan. - Mar., 1983) Studies in Literature from the Ancient Near East, by Members of the American Oriental Society, Dedicated to Samuel Noah Kramer, pp. 67-82, in 17 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry (Sargon of Akkad) and a group of related entries about the Mesopotamian king who ruled from about 2334 to 2279 B.C. and became a legendary...
Topics: Legends, Sumer, Sumerian, Akkad, Akkadian, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, History, Historical, Remote,...
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Jan 16, 2023 Krappe, Alexander Haggerty
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"The Migratory Legend," by A. H. Krappe, from The Science of Folklore (1929), pp. 101-137 in 39 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author.  On the topic, see also W. Clouston's study and two-volume collection, The Migratory Legend (1887): vol. 1 and vol. 2.
Topics: Myths, Mythology, Folklore, Tales, Legends, Migrations, Heroes, Demons
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 16, 2023 Arthur Bernard Cook
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"Who Was the Wife of Zeus?" by Arthur Bernard Cook, in 20 bookmarked and searchable pages. The article was serialized in the journal Classical Review in 1906. Although Hera was Zeus' eventual wife, the author suggests that an earlier, hidden goddess was the "real" wife. Cook methodically describes Hera's unhappy marriage to Zeus with the detachment of an experienced marriage counselor, and he explains how this peculiar marriage of convenience arose between two deities who...
Topics: Myths, Mythology, Mythological, Folklore, Greek, Greece, Hellas, Zeus, Dione, Hera, Herakles,...
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Jan 14, 2023 Multiple authors
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The Kushans, in 204 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains six chapters from History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume II (Paris, 1994), with maps, bibliographies, and many plates. Chapters: 11. "The Kushans," by B. N. Puri; 12. "Economy and social system in Central Asia in the Kushan age," by A. R. Mukhamedjanov; 13. "Cities and urban life in the Kushan kingdom," by B. A. Litvinsky; 14. "Religions in the Kushan Empire," by...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Central Asia, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, China,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 14, 2023 A. B. Bosworth
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"The Historical Setting of Megasthenes' Indica," by A. B. Bosworth, from the journal Classical Philology, Vol. 91, No. 2 (Apr., 1996), pp. 113-127, in 16 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has entries on the Greek author Megasthenes (about 350 to about 290 B.C.), and also on the reconstruction of his lost work, Indica. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by Bosworth.
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Greece, Greek, India, Indian, Indica, Megasthenes,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 14, 2023 Ellen Ettlinger
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"Precognitive Dreams in Celtic Legend," by E. Ettlinger, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 59, No. 3 (Sep., 1948), pp. 97-117, in 22 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has a selection of works about Celtic folklore, including other studies by the author.
Topics: Dreams, Dreaming, Folklore, Legends, Myths, Tales, Celt, Celts, Celtic, Heroes, Magic, Magical,...
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Jan 14, 2023 Multiple authors
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"Parthia," by G. A. Koshelenko and V. N. Pilipko, Chapter 5 from History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume II (Paris, 1994), pp. 131-150, with maps, plates, and bibliography in 31 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources, such as articles at Encyclopaedia Iranica.   Wikipedia has a main entry (Parthia) and a group of related entries about the Parthian dynasty which ruled Iran and neighboring areas from about 247 B.C. to...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Parthia, Parthian,...
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Jan 12, 2023 Multiple authors
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"Alexander and His Successors in Central Asia," by A. H. Dani and P. Bernard, Chapter 3 from History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume II (Paris, 1994), pp. 68-99, with map and bibliography, in 37 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Contents: Part 1. "Alexander's campaign in Central Asia," by A. H. Dani, and Part 2. "The Seleucids in Central Asia," by Paul Bernard. Internet Archive has a selection of works about Alexander and Iran, in fact and fiction; and...
Topics: History, Historical, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Central Asia, Central Asian, Greece,...
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Jan 11, 2023 Victor Hurowitz; Joan Goodnick Westenholz
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"LKA 63: A Heroic Poem in Celebration of Tiglath-pileser I's Muṣru-Qumanu Campaign," by Victor Hurowitz and Joan Goodnick Westenholz, from Journal of Cuneiform Studies, Vol. 42, No. 1 (Spring, 1990), pp. 1-49, in 50 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry (Tiglath-Pileser I) and a group of related entries about the Assyrian king who ruled from 1114-1076 B.C. "Among the original compositions produced during the reign of Tiglath-pileser I is found one unusual literary...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Remote, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori, Mesopotamia,...
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Jan 11, 2023 Multiple authors
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Art and Architecture in Western Europe and the Byzantine East, 500-700 A.D., in 63 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages, with plates. The download contains two chapters from the Cambridge Medieval History, Volume 1 c. 500- c. 700 (New York, 2005): Chapter 28a, "Art and Architecture of Western Europe," by Ian Wood; and Chapter 28b, "Art and Architecture: the East," by Leslie Brubaker. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Art and Architecture of Western Europe Architecture Sculpture...
Topics: History, Historical, Early Medieval, Medieval, Europe, European, Asia Minor, Byzantium, Byzantine,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 10, 2023 A. B. Bosworth
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"Arrian at the Caspian Gates: A Study in Methodology," by A. B. Bosworth, from the journal Classical Quarterly, Vol. 33, No. 1 (1983), pp. 265-276, in 13 searchable pdf pages. This excellent article reconstructs information from Arrian's lost work, Parthica, about the mountain pass known as the Caspian Gates. Internet Archive has other works by the author.
Topics: History, Historical, Classical, Trajan, Caucasus, Caucasian, Caspian, Caspian Gates, Mountain...
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Jan 10, 2023 Joan Goodnick Westenholz
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"Heroes of Akkad," by Joan Goodnick Westenholz, from Journal of the American Oriental Society, Jan. - Mar., 1983, Vol. 103, No. 1,  pp. 327-336, Studies in Literature from the Ancient Near East, by Members of the American Oriental Society, Dedicated to Samuel Noah Kramer (Jan. - Mar., 1983). From the Introduction: "All students of Near Eastern literature owe an incalculable debt to Samuel Noah Kramer for his lifetime of work in Sumerian literature. One of his many and varied...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Remote, Antiquity, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Sumerian, Sumer, Akkad,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 9, 2023 Adrienne Mayor
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"Guardians of the Gold," by Adrienne Mayor, from the journal Archaeology, Vol. 47, No. 6 (November/December 1994), pp. 52-59, in 9 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has entries on the Arimaspians and the mythological griffins, who are subjects of this article. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author, who associates the griffin motif with dinosaurs fossils. Mayor's thesis is challenged by paleontologist Mark Witton, in a Wikipedia entry (Griffins) ....
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Remote, Antiquity, Classical, Central Asia, Saka, Scythia, Gold,...
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Jan 9, 2023 M. A. Dandamayev
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Media and Achaemenid Iran, by M. A. Dandamayev, Chapter 2 from History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume II (Paris, 1994), pp. 36-67, with map, bibliography, and many illustrations, in 37 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. On the topic, see also Igor M. Diakonoff's article Media. Wikipedia has a main entry (Media) and a group of related entries on this ancient culture of western Iran. Internet Archive has a selection of works...
Topics: History, Historical, Antiquity, Remote, Ancient, Iran, Persia, Achaemenids, Western Asia,...
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Jan 8, 2023 Multiple authors
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Persia and the Arabs, 425-600 A.D., in 83 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains two chapters with bibliographies and chronologies, covering the mid-5th to early 7th centuries, from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 14 (New York, 2000): Chapter 22a, "The Sasanid Monarchy," by Ze'ev Rubin, and Chapter 22c, "The Arabs," by Lawrence I. Conrad. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. The Sasanid Monarchy: 1. Romans and Sasanids Map: Sasanid Iran 2. Royal legitimation...
Topics: History, Historical, Late Antiquity, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Sasanids, Sasanian, Sassanian,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 8, 2023 A. B. Bosworth; P. V. Wheatley
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"The Origins of the Pontic House," by A. B. Bosworth and P. V. Wheatley, from Journal of Hellenic Studies Vol. 118 (1998), pp. 155-164, in 11 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry on the ancient kingdom of Pontus in Asia Minor, and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has a selection of works about ancient and medieval Pontus. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Asia Minor, Pontus, Pontic, Achaemenids, Mithridates,...
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Jan 7, 2023 A. B. Bosworth
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"Arrian and the Alani," by A. B. Bosworth, from Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, Vol. 81 (1977), pp. 217-255, in 40 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on the historian and general Arrian (about 86 to after 160 A.D.). Wikipedia also has a main entry (Alans) and a group of related entries about a remarkable people and culture now centered in the Caucasus. From the Introduction: "In modern times L. Flavius Arrianus is best known as the historian par excellence of...
Topics: History, Historical, Late Classical, Ossetia, Ossetian, Iberia, Iberian, Georgia, Georgian,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 7, 2023 A. A. Barrett
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"Observations of Comets in Greek and Roman Sources before A.D. 410," by A. A. Barrett, from Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Vol. 72 2(1978), pp. 81-106, in 26 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The extensive list of comets provided is based on reports from the 5th century B.C. through the early 5th century A.D.  On the topic, see also Richard Stothers' article Unidentified Flying Objects in Classical Antiquity (2007). Compiled by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Remote, Antiquity, Ancient, Classical, Comets, Meteors, Astronomy, Astrophysics, Greece,...
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Jan 7, 2023 Multiple authors
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Asia Minor and the Levant, 425-600 A.D., in 117 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages.  The download contains three chapters with bibliographies and chronologies, covering the mid-5th to early 7th centuries, from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 14,  (New York, 2000): Chapter 21a, "Asia Minor and Cyprus," by Charlotte Roueché; Chapter 21b, "Syria, Palestine, and Mesopotamia," by Hugh Kennedy; and Chapter 21c, "Egypt," by James G. Keenan. Compiled by Robert...
Topics: History, Historical, Late Classical, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Byzantine, Asia Minor, Persia,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 6, 2023 Ellen Ettlinger
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"Magic Weapons in Celtic Legends," by E. Ettlinger, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 56, No. 3 (Sep., 1945), pp. 295-307, in 14 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a List of Magical Weapons, from many cultures, and a group of related entries. The present article describes the Celtic variations on this motif. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has a selection of works about Celtic folklore.
Topics: Folklore, Magic, Magical, Supernatural, Weapons, Celts, Celtic, Legends, Tales, Myths, Heroes
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Jan 6, 2023 Multiple authors
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Instructions of Shuruppak, in 50 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry (Instructions of Shuruppak) on this early example of Sumerian Wisdom literature, which is a father's advice to his son, and may date from around 3,000 B.C. The download contains an introduction by W. G. Lambert; an English translation made from the website of the Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature, at Oxford University; a composite text, and bibliographies taken from the same source. Attached...
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Antiquity, Literature, Literary, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 6, 2023 Adrienne Mayor
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"Fossil Discoveries in Classical Antiquity," by Adrienne Mayor, from the journal Classical Outlook, Vol. 77, No. 4 (Summer 2000), pp. 137-143, in 8 searchable pdf pages. The author examines Greek myths which describe the finding of huge bones of "giants" and "heroes," and considers what they may have been. On the topic, see also the article Archaeologists in Antiquity, by E. Douglas van Buren (1925). Internet Archive has other works by Mayor. Uploaded by Robert...
Topics: History, Historical, Archaeology, Ancient, Remote, Antiquity, Classical, Greece, Greek, Aegean,...
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Jan 6, 2023 W. G. Lambert
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"The Development of Thought and Literature in Ancient Mesopotamia," by W. G. Lambert, from Babylonian Wisdom Literature (London, 1960), pp. 1-20 with addenda, in 34 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This is the introduction to Lambert's classic work, which traces the beginnings and achievements of Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian literature, and outlines literary developments in the 3rd-1st millennia B.C. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Literature, Literary, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Sumer, Sumerian,...
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Jan 5, 2023 Multiple authors
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Hellenistic Science: Its Application in Peace and War, in 119 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages.  The download contains four chapters with bibliographies and chronologies, covering the 4th-2nd centuries B.C., from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 7, Part 1 (New York, 1984): Chapter 9a, "Hellenistic Science," by G.E.R. Lloyd; Chapter 9b, "War and Siegecraft," by Yvon Garlan; Chapter 9c, "Agriculture," by Dorothy J. Thompson; and Chapter 9d, "Building and...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Hellenistic, Hellenism, Science, Measurement, Physics, Math,...
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Jan 5, 2023 Benjamin Isaac
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"The Eastern Frontier," by Benjamin Isaac, Chapter 14 from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 13 (New York, 1998), pp. 437-460, with chronological tables and bibliography, in 50 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The period covered is 337-425. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Chapter 14, The Eastern Frontier 1. Rome and Persia Map: Asia Minor and the Eastern Provinces 2. Arabs and Desert Peoples 3. Regional and Local Unrest Isauria Palestine 4. Military Organization 5. Conclusion
Topics: History, Historical, Late Antiquity, Rome, Roman, Roman Empire, Byzantium, Byzantine, Byzantine...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 4, 2023 Frazer, James George, Sir, 1854-1941
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"The Pre-Persian Temple on the Acropolis," by James George Frazer, in 31 searchable pdf pages. This study was first printed in Journal of Hellenic Studies (London 1892-1893), xiii. 153-187. The current scan was made from the reprint in Frazer's Pausanias's Description of Greece (1898), ii. 553-582. The temple in question was burned and wrecked by the Persians when they sacked Athens in 480 B.C. Frazer provides a general history of temple-building on the Acropolis in Athens, and...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Antiquity, Greece, Greek, Athens, Acropolis, Temples, Erechtheion,...
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Jan 4, 2023 Multiple authors
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Art and Culture in the Late Roman Empire, A.D. 337-425, in 134 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains four chapters with bibliographies and chronologies from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 13 (New York, 1998): Chapter 22, "Education and Literary Culture," by Averil Cameron; Chapter 23a, "Syriac Culture, 337-425," by Sebastian Brock; Chapter 23b, "Coptic Literature, 337-425," by Mark Smith; and Chapter 24, "Art and Architecture," by...
Topics: History, Historical, Late Antiquity, Rome, Roman, Roman Empire, Byzantium, Byzantine, Byzantine...
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Jan 4, 2023 Theodore Besterman; Frazer, James George, Sir, 1854-1941
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A Bibliography of Sir James George Frazer O.M., compiled by Theodore Besterman (London, 1934), in 116 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has an entry on James George Frazer, the renowned 19th-20th-century social anthropologist and folklorist. Internet Archive has a selection of works by or about him.
Topics: Folklore, Bibliography, Bibliographies, Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Classics, Greek,...
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Jan 4, 2023 Multiple authors
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Persians, Armenians, and Arabs in the 2nd through 4th Centuries, in 102 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains three chapters with bibliographies and chronologies dealing with events in Persia/Iran, Armenia, and the Arab states, from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 12 (New York, 2005): Chapter 14, "The Sassanians," by Richard N. Frye; Chapter 15, "Armenia and the Eastern Marches," by C. S. Lightfoot; and Chapter 16, "The Arabs and the Desert...
Topics: History, Historical, Late Classical, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Sassanian, Sasanian, Arsacids,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jan 2, 2023 Richard B. Stothers
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"Unidentified Flying Objects in Classical Antiquity," by Richard Stothers, from Classical Journal, Vol. 103, No. 1 (Oct. - Nov., 2007), pp. 79-92, in 15 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Stothers, who was an astronomer and planetary scientist with the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, examines classical Greek and Latin sources in one of the best expositions of its kind. Internet Archive has a selection of works by the distinguished author. On the topic and for more bibliography,...
Topics: History, Remote, Antiquity, Ancient, UAP, Extraterrestrials, Extraterrestrial, Outer Space, Aliens,...
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Jan 2, 2023 Multiple authors
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The Seleucids in the 2nd Century B.C., in 166 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains two chapters with bibliographies and chronologies dealing with events in Asia Minor and neighbors, from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 8 (New York, 1989): Chapter 10, "The Seleucids and Their Rivals," by C. Habicht; and Chapter 12, "Roman Tradition and the Greek World," by Elizabeth Rawson. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Greece, Greek, Diadochi, Seleucids, Attalids, Rome, Roman,...
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Jan 1, 2023 A. B. Bosworth
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Alexander the Great, by A. B. Bosworth, in 138 bookmarked and searchable  pdf pages. The download contains two chapters with bibliographies by Bosworth from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 6 (New York, 1994): Chapter 16: "Alexander the Great, Part I, Events of the Reign"; and Chapter 17: "Part II, Greece and the Conquered Territories." Attached to the document are links to maps and additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has a selection of...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Classical, Greece, Greek, Alexander the Great, Hellenism, Asia Minor,...
"Bibliography of Classical Folklore Scholarship: Myths, Legends, and Popular Beliefs of Ancient Greece and Rome," by Adrienne Mayor, from the journal Folklore, Vol. 111, No. 1 (Apr., 2000), pp. 123-138, in 17 searchable pdf pages. An excellent annotated bibliography by a pioneering folklorist. On the topic, see also: A Bibliography of Sir James George Frazer;   A Bibliography of Works by Alexander Haggerty Krappe ; and the compilation of Eugene S. McCartney's articles, Studies in...
Topics: Bibliography, Bibliographies, Classics, Greek, Latin, Greece, Rome, Roman, Italy, Aegean, Folklore,...
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Dec 30, 2022 Multiple authors
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Northern Mesopotamia, Syria, and Asia Minor, 1800-1380 B.C., in 115 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains three chapters from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 2, Part 1 (New York, 1973): Chapter 1, "Northern Mesopotamia and Syria," by J. -R. Kupper; Chapter 6, "Anatolia c. 1750-1600 B.C.," by O. R. Gurney; and Chapter 15, "Anatolia c. 1600-1380 B.C.," by O. R. Gurney. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. I. Northern Mesopotamia and Syria 1....
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Antiquity, Mesopotamia, Syria, Syrian, Asia Minor, Anatolia,...
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"The Earliest Settlements in Western Asia from the Ninth to the End of the Fifth Millennium B.C.," and "Anatolia before 4000 B.C.," by J. Mellaart, Chapters 7a and 7b, from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 1, Part 1 (New York, 1970), pp. 248-326, with bibliography, in 88 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: 1. Geography, Terminology and Chronology 2. The Zagros Zone of Northern Iraq 3. The Zagros Zone of Southern Iran 4. Syria and...
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Antiquity, Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, Western Asia,...
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Dec 30, 2022 W. F. Albright; T. O. Lambdin
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"The Evidence of Language," by W. F. Albright and T. O. Lambdin, Chapter IV from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 1, Part 1 (New York, 1970), pp. 122-155 with bibliography, in 43 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Chapter 4 outlines what is known about the languages and the peoples who spoke and wrote them in Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, the Levant, and northeastern Africa in the 4th through 1st millennia B.C. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Topics: 1. Language and History 2. Afro-Asian...
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Antiquity, Mesopotamia, Middle East, Asia Minor, Caucasus,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Dec 29, 2022 Oliver Gurney; Heda Jason
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The Poor Man of Nippur, in 39 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains two articles about this humorous Akkadian tale, which dates from about 1500 B.C: 1. "The Tale of the Poor Man of Nippur and Its Folktale Parallels," by O. R. Gurney, from Anatolian Studies, 1972, Vol. 22, pp. 149-158, and 2. "The Poor Man of Nippur: An Ethnopoetic Analysis," by Heda Jason, from Journal of Cuneiform Studies, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Oct., 1979), pp. 189- 215. The tale contains...
Topics: Folklore, Literature, Ancient, Humor, Mesopotamia, Akkad, Akkadian, Tales, Motifs, Poverty,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Dec 26, 2022 Multiple authors
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Armanum in the Inscriptions of Naram-Sin of Akkad (2254-2218 B.C.) , in 62 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry (Naram-Sin) and a group of related entries about the legendary ruler of the Akkadian empire, his conquests, and inscriptions. Among the states that Naram-Sin conquered were Armanum and Ebla. The download contains three studies which suggest that Armanum was located in the general area of the later city of Samosata (in Kummuh/Commagene or neighboring...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Remote, Ancient, Akkadian, Akkad, Naram-Sin, Armi, Armanum, Armani,...
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Dec 21, 2022 Multiple authors
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Mesopotamia and Eastern Asia Minor in the 3rd-2nd Millennia B.C., in 186 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains four chapters with notes and bibliographies from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 1 Part 2 (New York, 1971): Chapter 19. "The Dynasty of Agade and the Gutian Invasion," by C. J. Gadd; Chapter 22. "Babylonia c. 2120-1800 B.C.," by C. J. Gadd; Chapter 24b. "Anatolia in the Old Assyrian Period," by Hildegard Lewy; and Chapter 25....
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Mesopotamia, Babylonia, Assyria, Meopotamian, Babylonian,...
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Dec 20, 2022 Multiple authors
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Syria and Asia Minor in the 3rd-2nd Centuries B.C., in 135 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains two chapters from Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 7 Part 1 (New York, 1984):  Chapter 6. "Syria and the East," by Domenico Musti, pp. 175-220; and Chapter 11. "The Syrian-Egyptian Wars and the New Kingdoms of Asia Minor," by H. Heinen, pp. 412-445. Includes chapter notes and bibliography.  Compiled by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Hellenistic, Ancient, Syria, Syrian, Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Egyptian,...
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Dec 19, 2022 Stephanie Dalley
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"Semiramis in History and Legend," by Stephanie Dalley, pp. 12-22 from Cultural Borrowings and Ethnic Appropriations in Antiquity (Munich, 2005), Erich S. Guren, editor, in 9 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry (Semiramis) describing the historical person(s) and the legends about her. On the topic, see also Two Essays on Semiramis, by W. Robertson Smith and A. H. Sayce. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Dec 19, 2022 Veenhof, K. R.
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"The Family God in Old Babylonian and Especially in Old Assyrian Sources," by Klaas R. Veenhof, from the journal Revue d'Assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale, Vol. 112 (2018), pp. 49-90, in 43 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has entries on related concepts in other religions such as tutelary deities (called geniuses) which could also protect lineages.
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Babylonia, Babylonian, Assyrian,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Dec 18, 2022 Stephanie Dalley
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"Old Babylonian Dowries," by Stephanie Dalley, from the journal Iraq, Vol. 42, No. 1 (Spring, 1980), pp. 53-74, in 23 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has an entry on the Old Babylonian Empire (B.C. 1894-1595), and a group of related entries. Internet Archive has other works by the author. From the Introduction: "Hammurapi's Code of Laws says that a woman who lived in the Old Babylonian period brought a dowry with her from her father's house when she...
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Antiquity, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Babylon, Babylonia,...
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Dec 18, 2022 Multiple authors
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The download contains four works relating to Hittite and Assyrian tablets and inscriptions from the Cappadocia area of Asia Minor, and dating from the 2nd to the 1st millennia B.C.  Compiled by Robert Bedrosian, in 292 bookmarked pdf pages. Wikipedia has a main entry about ancient Cappadocia and a group of related entries. Contents: 1. A. H. Sayce, The Cappadocian Cuneiform Tablets (1909); 2. E. A. Wallis Budge, Cuneiform Texts from Cappadocian Tablets in the British Museum (1921);  3. Ferris...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Hittites, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori, Cappadocia, Cappadocian, Asia...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Dec 17, 2022 Stephanie Dalley
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"Ancient Assyrian Textiles and the Origins of Carpet Design," by Stephanie Dalley, from the journal Iran, Vol. 29 (1991), pp. 117-135, in 20 searchable pdf pages, with many illustrations. The distinguished author discusses ancient textiles, weaving, dress, carpets and art motifs in an area from Egypt to Central Asia, focusing on Mesopotamia. Wikipedia has a group of entries related to Assyria and textiles. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori, Middle East,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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"Foreign Chariotry and Cavalry in the Armies of Tiglath-Pileser III and Sargon II," by Stephanie Dalley, from the journal Iraq, Vol. 47 (1985), pp. 31-48, in 19 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has entries about Assyrian rulers Tiglath-Pileser III (744-727) and Sargon II (721-705). From the Introduction: "The purpose of this paper is to present several pieces of evidence concerning Samarians, Urartians and Nubians, most of them in the royal army of...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori, Middle East,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Dec 17, 2022 Veenhof, K. R.
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"Ancient Assur: The City, its Traders, and its Commercial Network," by Klaas R. Veenhof, from Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 53, No. 1/2 (2010), pp. 39-82, in 45 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive also has the author's Aspects of Old Assyrian Trade and Its Terminology (1972). From the Abstract: "The ancient city of Assur was an important emporium and a central place in the trade between Mesopotamia...
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori, Assur, Trade,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Dec 17, 2022 Veenhof, K. R.
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" 'Modern' Features in Old Assyrian Trade," by Klaas R. Veenhof, from Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 40, No. 4 (1997), pp. 336-366, in 32 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. From the Abstract: "This contribution presents evidence for 'modern' features in Old Assyrian trade (ca. 19th century B.C.), i.e., features not attested in earlier commercial records from ancient Mesopotamia or elsewhere and/or usually considered...
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori, Commerce, Trade,...
Community Texts
Dec 16, 2022 Christopher B. Siren
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Ancient Middle Eastern Mythologies, Frequently Asked Questions, by Christopher B. Siren, in 70 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document is a multilingual HTML version. Chris Siren's excellent comparative guide to four Middle Eastern cultures and their deities (Sumerian, Assyro-Babylonian, Hittite/Hurrian, and Canaanite/Ugaritic) appeared on his M.I.T. website some decades ago. It has been amplified with links to Wikipedia, Internet Archive, and other sites, and expanded to...
Topics: Myths, Mythology, Gods, Goddesses, Deities, Legends, Tales, Folklore, Middle East, Near East,...
The monograph contains two studies published by A. H. Sayce as articles in the journal Transactions of the Society of Biblical Archaeology (1881), in 76 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. In the first, "The Monuments of the Hittites," Sayce comments on the contents of several Hittite inscriptions and reliefs from Cappadocia in Asia Minor and elsewhere, and also describes some features of the gods and other figures found on monuments: how they often wear distinctive turned-up shoes,...
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Asia Minor, Hittite, Hittites, Inscriptions, Deities, Gods,...
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Dec 13, 2022 Veenhof, K. R.
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Aspects of Old Assyrian Trade and Its Terminology, by K. R. Veenhof (Leiden, 1972), in 517 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has entries about the Assyrian trading outposts (karum) in Asia Minor during the Old Assyrian period (3rd-2nd millennia B.C.), and especially about the focus of the present work, the settlement at Kanesh/Nesa (modern Kultepe), near Caesarea, in Cappadocia. Book digitized by Internet Archive and compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive also has the...
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Trade, Business, Commerce, Commercial, Economy, Caravans,...
Community Texts
Dec 11, 2022 Robert Bedrosian
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Some Resources about the Hittites, in 2 pdf pages. The file contains clickable links to resources about an early civilization in Asia Minor: at Wikipedia, Internet Archive, Project Gutenberg, The Ancient World Online, Jewish Encyclopedia, and elsewhere. Prepared by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has a main entry (Hittites) and a group of related entries about this civilization which ruled in Asia Minor and elsewhere during the period c. 1650 B.C.– c. 1190 B.C.
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Asia Minor, Hittites, Hurians, Hatti, Hayasa
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Dec 11, 2022 Georges Dumézil; V. I. Abaev
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"Le cheval de Troie: Parallèles caucasiens," by Georges Dumézil and Vasily Ivanovitch Abaev, from Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales, pp. 1041-1070, in 31 searchable pdf pages. The authors find parallels between episodes in the Trojan War described in the Greek Iliad and similar motifs in the Nart sagas from the North Caucasus. These include: a) Abduction of the hero's wife; b) Vain attempts to reduce a besieged city by means of military force; c) Death of the hero's favorite...
Topics: Folklore, Motifs, Mythology, Myths, Epics, Literature, Sagas, Tales, Iliad, Nart, Narts, Caucasus,...
Community Texts
Dec 11, 2022 E. A. Wallis Budge
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Selected Writings of E. A. Wallis Budge, in 3 pdf pages. The file contains clickable links to Budge's works at Internet Archive and elsewhere. The life and remarkable achievements of author and translator Wallis Budge are described in a Wikipedia entry, E. A. Wallis Budge , which has extensive additional bibliography about the Egyptologist and Orientalist. Internet Archive has a selection of works by or about him. Prepared by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Remote, Ancient, Classical, Medieval, Egypt, Egyptian, Babylonia, Babylonian,...
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Dec 3, 2022 L. W. King
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Records of the Reign of Tukulti-Ninib I, king of Assyria about 1275 B.C., grandson of Adad-nirari I, edited and translated from a memorial tablet in the British Museum, by L. W. King (London, 1904), in 212 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. An account of the king's conquests in Asia Minor around the Lake Van area, to the west of Lake Urmia, and elsewhere. Book digitized by Google and compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by Leonard William King.
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Remote, Antiquity, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori, Syrian,...
Community Texts
Dec 3, 2022 Multiple authors; E. A. Wallis Budge; L. W. King
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Annals of the Kings of Assyria, translated by E. A. Wallis Budge and L. W. King (London, 1902), in 529 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The material covers the period from about B.C. 2000 to 860 in Mesopotamian history. Wikipedia has a main entry about the ancient empire of Assyria and a group of related entries. Book digitized by Google and uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has a selection of works about Assyria and the Assyrians/Asori/Syriacs (various periods), and a larger...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Remote, Antiquity, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Assyrian, Asori, Syrian,...
Community Texts
Dec 2, 2022 Agat'angeghos; Agathangeghos; Robert Bedrosian, translator
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Selections from Agat'angeghos' History of the Armenians, translated by Robert Bedrosian from the Classical Armenian text of Tiflis, 1914, in 41 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document is a multilingual HTML version. Agat'angeghos tells the story of the Christianization of Armenians in the early 300s, at the hands of Gregory the Illuminator and King Trdat. It is an epic story of interest to historians, folklorists, and others and is, perhaps, the most translated and...
Topics: History, Historical, Late Antiquity, Armenia, Armenian, Iberia, Iberian, Georgia, Georgian,...