golden dawn party in court charged with forming a criminal gang. plus berlusconi calls back the attack and gives a big vote of confidence. >> also inspiring architecture as new building strifes to be named the word's best. >> well, we begin with syria, the united nations security council calling for aid deliveries to be allowed in the country immediately. presidential statement adopted by the 15-member security council calls on all sides of the conflict to cooperate. it was issued only days after the u.n.'s first legally binding resolution on what's happening in syria concerning chemical weapons. here's what the u.n. humanitarian chief valerie amos had to say. >> as those dying and those
displaced and fleeing the country continue to rise we need the whole international community to work together to bring an end to this crisis. i and my colleagues in humanitarian human rights feel we have called several times to unhinder access and give aid to, and many in those in areas we have not been able to reach for months. we call on the warring parties to protect civilians from the brutal fighting and violence to stop targeting vie it will services like school, shops, and hospitals and stop violating human rights. we continue to ask for increased support for neighboring families in neighboring countries and showthose supporting. this calls on all parties to do their utmost to end the violence and stop targeting civilians.
it also reminds them that they must facilitate the swift provision of vital humanitarian aid, and there are serious consequences for violating humanitarian and human rights law. >> let's go to kristin in new york. it's all very well for valerie amass to stand there and say this, but is it going to make any difference? >> reporter: well, humanitarians certainly hope so. they're dealing with 2. 5 million displaced in the country, 745 million without enough food to eat, and they are the one who is lobbied hard the security council to make a statement calling for humanitarian access, and they have responded quite favorably to the statement. hoping it brings relief to the people. in the past they have not been able to get the access that they needed to help them out.
but humanitarian groups are wary. there is a rights watch they have called on the u.n. to test the syrian authorities and rebel groups to let the aid flow wherever needed and report promptly to the security council if there is non-compliance. clearly the aid feels this is necessary and could help but they're wary that it might washington further action if it doesn't. >> any reaction from those within the country? >> well, we did hear from the syrian ambassador after the comments o of valerie amos and e security council, he expressed willingness to cooperate.
>> the human rights law perpetrated by the terrorists and armed groups operating in my country. this is a political development. >> reporter: so the syrian ambassador stressing the opposition groups responsibility under international law rather than his own government there, although he did say that he did want to comply, his country did want to comply with the demands of the security council. i should point out this is a security council statement, not a resolution. it does not carry the same weight of international law that
a resolution does. there are no consequences for the syrian government if it doesn't include, but it shows itcomply but it did saythey wan. >> 17 countries have agreed to take in refugees escaping the civil war. 10 million refugees going to placedifferent countries includg the u.s. senior spokesman for the h.c.r. >> reporter: this crisis is an
enormous crisis. countries around the world have been approaching billion of dollars to help the people on the ground and to support the needs of the countries like jordan, lebanon, turkey and iraq because the countries enor must support. what this will do initially is to ensure up to 10,000 very, very vulnerable refugees, people who are victims of torture, of sexual or other violence, people who have very, very serious problems will be able to go to a country where they can get the protection, the counseling, the medical care that they need. and we do hope that other countries will come forward because there is a clear need for more places. but what's more there is a need for peace on the ground. how many more refugees can a country sustain is it 4 million or 5 million, the numbers are going up every day.
>> the rebels have been using areas for installalations. the government has been stopping supplies from getting in and stop. starvation in the process. >> reporter: this is what dying of hunger looks like. weighing a weight deprived of milk and vitamin she died shortly after this video was filmed. the fighting, the shelling, the destruction. stood back for months but under siege under government forces for years, but hunger is killing people at this suburb at a raitt of a matter of days. >> we have been pushed out of our homes. we have no food to eat.
we have nothing at all. >> reporter: the syrian opposition calls it, quote, systemic campaign to starving the area strategically close to damascus. rebels have been using it as a base to attack the capital. the regime locked back the area. with no supplies getting to the issues, some people say they've been eatin eat--they are suffering from acute food shortages, half of them children. here a mother is heard crying over her dead daughter's body and saying there was nothing that i could cure you, my daughter, nothing, my dear. the syrian opposition coalition is urging the international community to urge the corridors and allow food and medicine to enter niece besieged areas. otherwise many more remain at
risk of the slow painful death. al jazeera. >> it has been a dramatic day. the italian politics let's go to felicity in our european headquarters. >> reporter: a surprise u-turn by berlusconi. after asking five of his government ministers to step down but just before the senate vote berlusconi said that they would support the government. a win for italy's prime minister, and a huge climb down for his predecessor. he sailed to the senate vote of confidence meaning his coalition stands for now. >> the majority of the italians are telling us, they're yelling
at us that they can no longer take these scenes of bloodshed in political arena, but nothing ever changes. >> reporter: berlusconi wanted his center right people to back his cause for his ministers to quit the cabinet. but once he found enough disdense he announce the i would
back the prime minister. >> because italy needs a government to provide structural and institutional reforms. >> berlusconi who is 77 faces a vote on friday that could strip him of his seat because of his convictions of tax fraud. it was surprising and humiliating, while the party has been weakened, some refuse to declare his political career
finished. >> there is a chance for berlusconi to be elected again or to play a more significant role in the future. >> reporter: on wednesday the financial markets reacted positively to the confidence vote. the employment still faces huge challenges in reversing years of economic stagnation. >> joining us live from rome, sonya, a bit climb down for berlusconi. what happens next? >> reporter:
well, what happens next now is that you have the vote of confidence now being debated in the lower house. the low count for that is expected to happen some time soon in the next half hour. but it's almost a forgone conclusion that the vote would pass. of course, a stronger presence in the lower house, he certainly has much more support than he does have in the senate. the senate vote earlier was far
more crucial to be able to remain for there to be a civility. now looking ahead to friday, that is will going to be an interesting, shall we say, for mr. berlusconi. he faces senate who will decide if he keeps his seat in the senate because of convictions of tax fraud. many are saying this is signaling the end of the road for mr. berlusconi's career, while that may be the case, that will not be the end of his influence. he has been on the seat for two decades now and he still wields enormous influence. while he's going through a very challenging time it's not the last we'll see of mr. berlusconi yet. >> thank you for joining us. >> well, the leader of greece's far right golden dawn party has
appeared in court in athens. he sayhis arrest from comes froa crackdown by the government who calls it a neo-nazi party. >> there is not the slightest evidence or even sufficient indication to support these charges and enable the prosecutor and the investigating judge to order the detention of it. do i make myself clear? this is why i was now satisfied that the prosecutor and the investigator did their duty. they'll do the same for golden dawn as the charges against the organization does not hold. >> now in athens, john, the golden dawn leader is still in court, i gather. what has been happening?
>> reporter: that's right, now defending himself against charges that he created and leads a criminal organization. the best possible description of those charges is in the prosecutor's indictment which provides a description of how golden dawn operates with the series of local chapters, each run by a closed five-member committee which takes it's orders from the local m.p. and the local m.p. take their orders from the leadership of the party in downtown athens. that means each cell, the prosecutor says, operates different departments. one may be adding out aid or activities, recruiting minors. but the most controversial is what the prosecutor refers to as assault battalions. groups of people with military
training or special forces training, some of them retired from the military who receive orders to commit acts of violence. always in a controlled fashion condoned by the party leadership, according to the prosecutor. those are the charges now that they are addressing. >> the latest still going on in athens. thank you. more from europe. a little later in the news hour, but right now let's return to doha and to david. >> we have this coming up, sectarian violence flaring up in myanmar. we'll have the details from the volumvolatile state. and more about bashar al-assad uncle. and the final asian champions league.
>> the u.s. pratt president obama is making an attempt to end the political deadlock that has led to a partial shutdown. congressional leaders have been invited to a meeting at the white house. more on this from kimberly halleck who is there for us in washington, d.c. any sign that this is going to end any time soon? >> reporter: it is a good sign that these two sides are going to sit down and do some talking. they're going to do it at the white house with president obama at his invitation. this will be a discussion with top republicans and top democrats here. what they're going to be talking about is the pressing fiscal issues facing the united states right now. it's not just partial government shutdown that is causing a crisis, and there is this need of legislation and fund to go reopen the government. but there is something with more dire consequences facing the united states that is looming. we know from white house officials and, in fact, the
treasury secretary will also be present at this meet to go implore the congressional leaders to also raise the u.s. debt limit. because we know but october 17th that that is not done the 16. 7 trillion ceiling the u.s. will default on its payment. this is the situation with even greater dire consequences that is concerning the white house right now. >> as head of goldman sachs went to see the president earlier and said, look, we need to understand the long-term consequences of this not raising the debt ceiling. everybody seems to be suggesting that political leaders are playing politics here. but is there an argument amongst the republicans that raising the ceiling time and time again while it may work in the short term, is actually going to be bad for the country longer term? >> reporter: indeed. that is the argument, and that's why there has been this push back not just about the attempt to raise the debt cerealing this
time around, but it was the same argument that we heard in 2011 when the debt ceiling was significantly lower and there was fight about raising it then. there viewpoint held by americans that government should not be getting bigger, spending money that it doesn't have. if the ordinary american were to do that, we would have consequences. we wouldn't be able to spend indefinitely, and why should the government be able to, too. this is an argument held by many here at capitol hill, but there is an argument of compassion. the government needs to take care of its people. there needs to be a balance of entitlement, cost cutting, it's going to be difficult. the two sides are going to break some of their standing ground
and come and meet somewhere in the middle. because the fact of the matter remains, as you pointed out, the ceo, the top ceos meeting with president obama at the white house saying this is going to have dire consequences. the u.s. has already had its credit rating downgraded once before. it could be worse if this political brinkmanship continues. >> thank you very much. that's kimberly halkett in washington, d.c. buddhist gangs ambush a home where an 84-year-old woman was killed. charles stratford has more. >> reporter: the burning aftermath after attacks against the myanmar's muslim community. crowds of buddhist were beaten
and killed. this is myanmar's state, groups of hundreds of buddhist villages, some with swords roam the streets. they stabbed a 94-year-old woman to death. one man told al jazeera why he joined in. >> we're doing this to protect our own religion. because we heard the muslim men against buddhism. >> in one village police stood by while the groups moved through. >> the police are just merely shooting in the air. and not doing enough to stop the violence. >> reporter: 200 people have been killed and thousand versus fled their homes but not all buddhist agree with the gangs. >> we are all natives of this region. if this violence pressure assists all the businesses in the community here will be affected. >> reporter: the president is in state for the first time since the conflict broke out.
he has been criticized for not bridging the sectarian divide but he said no amount of police or military can completely stop the violence. it has to come from the people. right groups accuse myanmar security forces for being complicit in the violent something that the government denies. >> it was very clearly stated by the president, so we will take necessary measures to stop the gang of violence. >> reporter: thousands have already fled the country. the latest attacks have pushed yet more men, women and children into hiding afraid for their lives in the forests and remote villages of western myanmar. al jazeera. >> we've been trying to reach somebody from myanmar's government to comment further on this, so far no success. the u.n. considere considers mye
mosmost persecuted group. muslims make up 5% of the estimated 60 million people in myanmar. since last year hundreds of people have been killed and more than 140,000 have fled their homes. the vast majority of them muslim. let's go to the direct general joining us from the university pennsylvania. do you detect, their president is saying that the people need to sort out their own
differences. do you think that the attitude toward the rahinga is softening, do you think they might get citizenship? >> yes, i think the reports we're hearing that the government has taken a softer tone on resolving the issues there. they're making conciliatory gestures at the international level, and we understand that the president has visited tup townships. we have to wait and see. the government has said that there are things that they have to resolve this issue, but we did not see significant changes in the situation on the ground. we're hoping this time the whaty say they mean it. >> some of the arguments against the rakhine in that area,
they're afraid that they might take over that part of myanmar if given citizenship. is it possible any moves to make the situation better for these people could actually inflame passions on the ground and make things even shorter. >> yes, the situation on the ground is quite serious despite the conciliatory ground by the myanmar government of giving citizenship. they are the indigenous population of that ring of the r akhine state. in 1962 the military dictatorship took over and null and voided their status, gradually revoking citizenship. their citizenship has to be reinstated whether they need to modify or demand 1982 citizen
law, or they have to walk away to accommodate that or walk away from the people who are indigenous of burma. >> the unsung hero champion of democracy now has a political voice than she has been allowed in many years, yet she has not not spoken up in support? >> i'm surprised. she has been the icon of democracy, and she had western-educated, and has been victim of this military dictatorship. now she needs to speak out. of course there may be political
dynamics in the country that she may be worried about that if she speaks out she will lose the ground with the local--with this population, but that's not what she should be her strategy. she should have the principle of speaking out clearly the rights of minorities rather than silence. those around her have been a problem, party members, she should not be influenced by them. she should have her own thought that she can speak to and work with. we are surprised. i think there is still time. she could still come forward and make a statement. we want her to tell the truth. we don't want her to manipulate
anything. just tell the truth to the wor world, are these justified. do you prove it or disprove it. can you be a facilitator with the myanmar government. she can participate in the peace process, and work with the myanmar government, and they need to come to the middle. not take sides. come to the middle and be sincere and honest. >> thank you very much, indeed. coming up on the news hour, homes and schools flooded in cambodia. cambodia. we report some of the worst in the provinces.
young invincibles, she's in washington d.c. and yevgeniy feyman, a research assistant at the manhattan institute. thank you for being with us. i want to start with you yevgeniy feyman. the young people are crucial to the success of obamacare. >> absolutely. they'll balance out the risk pool, they'll keep premiums that need the insurance, and the administration is reaching out to them. >> jen, the young invincibles are in the 18-34 group.
>> you're watching al jazeera news hour. let's go to the top stories this hour. the united nations security council is calling for aid to be allowed into syria as needed. the council calls on all sides in the conflict to cooperate. the italian prime minister has survived a no confidence vote in the senate after a dramatic change of heart by former leader berlusconi. the lower house will not take up the motion. u.s. president president obama is making an attempt to end the deadlock that has led to
the government shutdown. congressional leaders have been invited to a meeting at the white house. an investigation into the french assets of refer al-assad, uncle of the syrian president. he's accused of i am bezzellement. al-assad said he has done nothing wrong. >> it's an impressive portfolio. refer al-assad starting buying real estate several years ago that now value $200 million. but now there is an investigation to establish whether embezzled money from syria funded this property empire. legal documents filed by the prosecutor is saying that the building behind me belongs to
refer al-assad. newspapers report that russian purchasers offered $95 million for the building, but the sales fell through because the price was not considered high enough. >> reporter: anti-corruption department wants to know where al-assad's money came from. >> so it's quite believable, credible that all of this amount of money which has permitted to finance have come from unholy water. >> mr. al-assad's lawyer wants to know why the french authority never once raised questions about this. there is not a shred of evidence
against his client. >> embezzlement with public funds? where is the proof? fraud? what fraud? abuse of property held in trust? what abuse? corrupting public officials and private individuals, who is corrupting who? >> reporter: a potential corruption trial was not seen as a priority. >> there are more important things. >> better for us to think about the future, and we don't think about the past. >> reporter: al-assad's legal team plans to give formal response to the allegation in the coming days. >> the european unions foreign policy chief is in egypt pushing for reconciliation between the interim government and the muslim brotherhood.
meeting as part of a three-day visit with cairo and will hold talks with the senior members of muslim brotherhood. they have been in deadlock since morsi was ousted in july. they pant to transition to civilian rule. >> iran's parliament has endorsed its country's president's attempts of peace with the west. hassan rouhani received a phone call from president barack obama. and presiden prime minister isrr
netanyahu described hassan rouhani as wolf in sheep's clothing. in cambodia 30 people have died because of floods. we traveled to to the region and this is what she saw. >> if these areas were not flooded it would take a full 40 minutes to get there by car. but the area is flooded as far as the eye can see. these travelers had to take a two-hour boat ride to get here. they wanted to pay their respects to their ancestors. >> we're praying for the water to recede soon so our people can start to farm again. >> reporter: they say the village has been flooded depriving them of their
livelihoods. >> we're poor people. >> reporter: this is one of the worst months for flooding, and it's something that people have had to learn to live with. roads, bridges and other infrastructure damaged or impassable. hundreds of schools are flooded. so the situation that we found here in this small village is being replicated right across the country in ten out of the 4 provinces of cambodia. and impacting the lives of more than 370,000 people. one of 43,000 people who can't live in her house. she and her children have to move to a neighbor's house. she has been there for four days and can't work because she's worried about the children. she tells me now that this is flooded she's afraid her children might fall into the water and drown. it's explained that there is a longer term issue for people who
can't work during the floods. with the rising cost of living from seasonal farms pay enough for them to pay loans causing a vicious cycle of poverty. >> now time to return to london and felicity for more news. >> reporter: in russia, they have charged green peace activists with piracy. among 30 people arrested during last month's action. they could face up to 15 years in prison. the ship approached an oil drilling platform and two of the activists tried to scale the rig. we have these updates from moscow. >> reporter: greenpeace has described the charges of piracy as irrational, absurd and an
outrage and it was some degree of shock and surprise that the charges of piracy actually filtered out from the offices of the investigative committee where the activists had the formal charges laid thence the t them. just a week ago the russian president vladimir putin himself said that the activists were not pirates but did he expect that the activists would be charged with some kind of offense because he felt they had violated international law. it was expected the investigative committee would follow mr. putin's lead, and be rather lenient. that has not proved to be the case. the news that filtered out from the offices of investigative committee were that the 14 were to be charged with piracy, and another 16 are due to be charged and we expect with piracy as
well on thursday. the reaction of green peace has been one of shock, saying that the charges were extreme and disproportionate, and this is an outrage and is nothing less than assault on peaceful protest. >> the 23-year-old ended a nine-day hunger strike on tuesday. she and two ba band mates were accused of hooliganism. >> during her hunger strike she developed an instruction. nobody is sure what it was. she looks like someone violently ill with chickenpox. she's also very weak. she lays in bed and it's evident
that any movement is a problem for her. it's serious. the doctors themselves said one horror day of the hunger strike and her condition would have been irreversible. >> ten people have been killed in a shootout. the incident happened in dagestan. local police say three policemen and three local guides were killed along with four suspected militants. a court in france ordered an airline to pay $11 million. the case was over alleged violations o. it is expected to appeal against the ruling. french law prevents most to open their doors on sunday demanding a day off. thosthey say opening on sunday d
help them to earn more and boost the economy. the latest news from europe. back fe now to doha. >> felicity. thank you very much. we'll take a look at this. a narrow escape for a cyclist just as a speeding train approached. i'm lee wellings, fifa's texttive committee meeting will be dominating around issues of 2022 world cup in qatar. ç]
>> sit back, relax. >> thank you very much. well, the advance of the final asian champions league led by world cup winning coach. they gave them an 8-1 victory on aggregate over the final leg. and they qualified for the finals. well, their opponents in the two-leg final will be fc seoul. seoul winning 4-2 on aggregate. european champions league have just kicked off.
the. >> team to beat, in napoli on , it was arsenal's tenth win in a row in all competitions. fantastic first half. played at a great pace. great finishing and great movement. that's the game you want to see. they need more hand braking and more cautious but we made without mistake to score. >> they're off to the africa champions league. arriving in south africa against the first leg of the pirates on saturday.
they have reached the last three finals. and fifa meet on thursday and fry to discuss the possibility of moving qatar world cup to winter. the organizing committee has released a statement concerning they are willing to accommodate the change. we have reports from switzerla switzerland. >> reporter: expect the executive committee here at fifa headquarters to confirm the switch of the 2022 world cup in qatar to winter. they realize now that's got to happen, and it will be a case of making it official. then it will be about the discussions over the next few weeks and months they'll talk about harmonizing the calendar. they want everyone to have a say including the english premiere league, perhaps more than anyone who is going to suffer with the
connective fixture schedule in 2021 and 202002. added to the scheduled will be the subject, the serious subject of workers rights in qatar, the spotlight on deaths over the summer in construction work in qatar and the supreme committee have come out very quickly and said, look, it will be a priority for our health and safety when construction of world cup sites begin. but fifa wants to make sure that it's discussed and treated extremely seriously. when they talk about the move to qatar, legally it doesn't look like they have any chance that have happening. they're on very secure ground keeping it where it is. >> that's all for me. >> thank you very much, indeed. we'll go to our top story, the u.n. security council calling for immediate access into syria to provide aid. we will talk now to u.n.
humanitarian aid valerie amos. with all these fine words and a presidential statement from the security council, what's going to change? >> well, i hope we'll be able to get into places we've not been able to get into up until now. we estimate there are 2 million people in syria we've been trying to reach and we have not been able to. so if the parties on the ground stick by what the security council has said in this statement, then we think that we'll be able to get more people faster with more supplies. >> what makes you think-- >> it's extremely important that the united nations security
council come together. we've been talking about this for two and a half years. it is ordinary children, men, women, who are suffering the consequences of the brutality on the ground. it's got worse. the fact that the security council have come together, there is a consensus statement. they're saying very clearly that it has to stop. they're saying they hav there he access. they're saying that we as the united nations with our partners need to do everything that we can and the groups on the ground need to do the same thing. this is a platform from which we can do additional work. that's why the statement is so important. >> let me ask you this. how do you take this forward? how do you negotiate with people who are fighting a war? early on in september you called
for a cease-fire to get some help. that didn't happen. how do you go about this? what do you do next? >> well, we continue talking. we're already talking to groups on the ground. that's what helps some of our delivery now. we need to be in more places inside syria. that has been difficult for a variety of reasons until now. we think that this statement gives us a further opportunity to begin to negotiate that. we need to make sure that the attention of the word remains on those that we cannot reach. the 2 million people in hard-to-reach areas or areas under siege. i hope this will help the people who so desperately need to be supported. >> let me just change tacks slightly but dealing with the help that people on the ground need there. just looking at some of the figures. i think the united nations, your
department in particular, has asked for roughly 4. $5 billion in aid. so far it has got not even near half that. 36% of the 4. billion dollars that need to be donated. there is not the world will out there to help, is there? >> there are two different things to say. one is to say that 4. $4 billion that we're asking for is for the whole of this year for the refugee crisis in neighboring countries as well as work in syria itself. so roughly just over $1 billion for the work inside syria. the numbers have gone up in terms of what we've received. it's about 48% for the work inside syria, and just under that for the work in neighboring countries. i think the world has woken up
to the regional impact of this crisis. it's hoped that it's not just being seen as humanitarian aid but the comprehensive approach, development, longer term support for people bringing in the international financial institution like the world bank. not just depending on our traditional humanitarian donors. millions have fled the country, and millions more inside need our help. >> valerie amos, we do thank you very much, indeed. you have sat next to me in the studio on a number of occasions making the same appeals, and let's hope that messages are getting through. that's valerie amos talking to us live in new york. >> thank you. >> the world's largest book fair
docked in sri lanka. it has the highest literacy rate anywhere in asia and reading there is extremely popular. there is rival for this new tech library. >> the average reader eager for more. this mobile library service for children is very popular. she has barrowed book borrowed r almost ten years. >> i've enjoyed books very much. they're nice and meaningful. >> it visits 42 areas every two weeks. organizers hope to entice new leaders into the world of books. >> children who are introduced to books at this age condition to read when they are older. >> for those who don't the world of technology is where they often turn for entertainment. youngsters are spoiled for choice with multi functional
mobile phones, tabs, and high electric devices. while children can read on these devices many are not embracing it to the same degree. >> in addition to print media the audio field has expanded greatly and i see that as a reason for children moving away from reading. >> reporter: the new world of technology has not spelled the end of the paper text. the world's largest floating book fair attracted thousands of visitors during a recent stop in columbo. with over 5,000 titles on sale and half million in stock the ship's captain said there is still a market for books in answer of his ports of call. >> we do see more and more electronic books. but for many of the places we visit it's going to be far, far in the future. >> reporter: sri lanka's online gaming community has a different view. >> the libraries are part of it.
that will be close very soon. >> reporter: the president said it's not taking any chances. he has initiated a project to provide books to sri lankan school children and develop a network of libraries in rural schools. >> reporter: the internet with low cost device devices are lurg children away from books. but for these children nothing beats a good old fashioned read. >> we interrupted, she was in the sport. we went to her to talk to valerie amos in new york. let me give you some of the stories she would have read out. the chicago blackhawks have the 6-4 win over the washington capitals. they take the 4-1 lead in the season opener. patrick kane scoring three goals and level for washington, 4-4.
chicago is back in front and goes on to win 6-4. the montreal canadian canadt on literally. i see reception for the canadian. toronto going on to win the match 4-3. an update for you on one of the champions league games being played tonight by bayern munich. current holders of the title, 1-0 up. before i go, transpore place released these pictures of a very narrow escape. level crossing there in england, a cyclist, whoops, ignoring the safety barrier. you can see pulling back at the