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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 27, 2013 9:00am-10:01am EDT

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>> this is al jazeera. ♪ >> and you join me david foster for the al jazeera news hour. these are the stories we are looking at in detail. in the next 60 minutes. desperate people, desperate measures. >> we look at the daily dangers facing thousands of refugees in an al jazeera news special. >> on the cys coastline of tuni. north africa continues to be a route for migrants to europe. >> and this is where many are
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headed but not all arrive. i'm barnby phillips on the i italian island of lap p lampedu. we'll be asking them why and what can be done about it. >> at least 50 killed in the escalating sectarian violence. >> scarred for life after a family dispute. we meet some of the india's victims of as si acid attacks. >> wifwe have all of your sports including vettel who has won all four consecutive championships. >> every single day thousands leave their homeland in search for a better life. some falling victim to traffickers and others facing a
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perillesperilless journey and wy arrive the welcome can be far from warm. amost of them come from five countries. afghanistan, iraq, syria, somalia and sudan. one of the main routes is from the indo nich niche inindonesia. boats carrying 45,000 people to australia. >> another route is lampedusa. 8000 m8000 mike8000 m8000 mike8n lampedusa. you are in tunisia because of
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the proximity of lampedusa but it's the whole of the north africa that sees this coming. take us through the process. >> there are two side to this. there are people leaving from tunisia they are economic my migrants who have no opportunities to find work. they are getting on boats from the tunisia coat lin coastline g to lampedusa. and there are migrants that are coming from east africa from syria as well crossing into libya. because they find it easier to get there because the border region is so pour us. porous. it's a treacherous journey. we are focusing on the boat journey but just traveling across the sahal is an incredible dangerous journey as
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well. once they get to libya they have the risk of being arrested and detained or they have to be in holding centers until they can pay the thousands of dollars necessary to get on boats. whatever happens, wherever they are, it's a difficult and very dangerous place to be right now. >> is there a sense nazeen it may vary from country to country. the authorities want to move them on as quickly as possible. and they are happy to see them take to sea in dangerous craftings at the hands of merciless unscruple just people. >> they have a deal with italy where migrants are deported back. >> they are getting a grip. but libya is a different story, david. we know and talking to human rights groups there that the
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actual militias that are running the country right now, they are involved in this trafficking. they are making a lot of money out of it. and it's very difficult for authorities in tripoli or ben bn bengazi. libyan coast guard were shooting at migrants on a boat. it's very, very different than that in tunisia. >> we go about 100 kilometres up to the italian island of lampedusa a and barnby phillipss there with your story, barnly b. >> yes that is right, david. lampedusa is a tiny place baron rock and scrub land. there is very little here. one village you can see behind me. but for ge geographical reasonst
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find itself in the middle of an extraordinary human drama 13,000 mikmigrants have come this year. that is twice the island's indigenous population. the reason, of course if they are coming on those boats from tunisia or libya this is the first part of europe they will reach. >> it's been voted the most beautiful beach in europe. but how easy it is to to are get the drama and tragedy that plays out every stay jus every day jus offshore from lampedusa. the italian navy has sent one of it's biggest ships to help with the crisis. in the hold 318 people picked up at sea the previous night. most of the africans are young men. they paid smugglers thousands of
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dollars to flee their country. >> from here to sudan. it's very dangerous. so many young persons every day. >> and then there are the syrians. of all ages. none of them know what will happen next. some are too young to understand where they are. they are registered straight away. the navy will take them directly to sicily. because lam lamb pe lampedusa ig with the migrants they have. this is not just an italian problem. >> the biggest part of these immigrants wish to go to germany and norway and other parts of europe that at this moment have a more flourishing economy. this is a hi historical situatin where people are leaving their homeland because of the change of climate, and because of wars. it's a massive activity. >> this is the center which the
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italian authorities built to house mik migrants on lampedusa. it was built for 25 250 maximum0 people. there is always a lot more here in these days. at the moment there are more than 700 inside. we were not given permission to enter. through the fence we spoke to mohammad from dasmascus whose how was your journey? >> so crowded and the seas like you say, it's too dangerous. what do you want now? what is your dream for the future? >> to complete my studies. so to have respect. >> lampedusa was a sleepy place known for fishermen an sunsets. now it has a fame it never desired. as the island that people risk everything to reach.
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one thing i foundin found inter, david, is the number of aratrains. is a country we are not talking about. but the authorities say that the numbers are equal to those of syrians this year. given everything we know about what is going on in syria with the horrific civil war that has to be quite the indictment of conditions in artra. under the harsh regime. >> well, barnby thank you very much for that from lampedusa. let's go live to geneva. there we can find the director of the international protection at the united nations high commission for refugees. this is the highest number of refugees worldwide. there has been in two decade according to u.n. figures are
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you better able to cope with them now than you were then, or are you at a worse position. >> hello, good afternoon, david. obviously as you said since 19 9 94 we have the highest number of people displaced due to war and conflict and persecution it affects host communities and host countries immensely. in a way that requires burden sharing and a lot of international solidarity. i think you can see this from the pictures of the syrian refugee who was interviewed. there is a lot of dispair and that dispair prompts people to take unsea worthy boats in order to get on with their lives. it's a difficult complex situation that requires a lot of support. it seems to many people that what the refugees have to go through now and with the human
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traffickers and the perilless sea journeys is worse than it was ten years ago their lives are more miserable than those of their parents an gran and grand. >> i think the refugee, the history of refugees has always been a very sad one. but it also offers in some strange way opportunities. and the opportunities are that especially in the affluent parts of the world there is a very strong solidarity that has to be shown. what we see often in neighboring countries, let's say in the syrian context is a enormous generosity a and empathy of peoe that receive refugees and we hope we can see a more similar trend in the more affluent part of the world. it's one of the interesting
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phenomena that we see, the farther away the people are the less concerned they are about the refugee issue what w we need is and all out sole ca solidari. >> i think many people regard rovrefugees as an anonymous grop and treat them as such rather than as individuals. >> that is correct. i think it's important to focus svery much on the individual fae on be people whose desperation is just the same as us. they want to get on with education. they want to have a safe playing they want to get on and find their family members. they want to find safety and a home. often in the discussion we excuse this for broader policy work that does not do justice to the individual fate and to what people have gone through war an
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gone through human rights violations want to get on with. they want to get on with their lives. i think it's up to us all to ensure that they can do that in dignity and conditions of safety so there is no longer that need to take on these perils journeys across the mediterranean or between tunisia and australia. we see these fe phenomena not jt in the mediterranean but we see them all over the word. >> what about the international community is it coming up with enough to solve refugee problems or indeed help those that find themselves for whatever reasons without their homes? >> well as the events in lampedusa over the last couple of weeks have il illustrated the is a great need for more search
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an rescue operations for example. there is a great need to come to an agreement on proper responsibility sharing mechanism, including within the european union. there is a great need for better action in north africa and in the countries of origin we just heard some of the very difficult situations in sub i sahara afria which prompts people to flee. i think there is great need to put the issue high on the national, regional an international agenda to come up with very concrete action plans to save lives. to ensure that people can access safety and they are admitted to to safety in conditions of dignity. >> earlier this month you said "would it not be a major achievement that in a decade from now state is a memory of a buby gone error ai era.
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do you think that is possible? it depend on the political willingness of countries that have stateles statelessness popz toto recognize that statelessnes is a skurg it makes people invisible a an and denies them f their fun fundmental right. and marginalizes them. if we realize that statelessness is something that should not be a reality but it has to be put on the international agenda. >> mr. turk we wish you and everyone that works with you the boast of luck. >> thank you. >> there is a great deal more on the subject on our website.
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special coverage on the latest news a and indepartmt reports. indis in-depth news. >> we'll have more on this story later on in this news hour. >> well coming up on the program. >> this joint here for example is made from the hinge of a destroyed car. now it has the same fi functions your knee. >> how bombs and a ammunition ae being recast as limbs for syria's war wounded. >> i don't think people need to carry guns to get a hamburger. >> and in seattle we go to a place where guns are no longer welcome. >> and it's the goal for barcelona to beat ray el madrid. we'll have more sports in about 30 minutes.
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>> a disturbing report on acid attacks in india. it's estimated a thousand women are horribly disfigured every year. the victims and the plastic surgeons says the o edg only wao stop the attacks is a stop to selling acid. we have this report and it contains disturbing images. >> it's been a year since acid did this to lala's face. a family dispute led her uncle to throw acid on her the day she got engaged to be married. >> my life has changed so much, i didn't think i would survive. >> she has survived but it's difficult for her to hold back the tears. all she wants is to come close to having a normal life. >> i think if i can get better i can get a job and i will be able
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to take care of myself. >> if the meantime, it's her family an friend that are taking care of her. the same can't be said for the government. the latest victim of anas sid ad attack is recovering in this hospital outside of mumbai. her family is frustrated in the lack of assistance or this type of attack. we are told there is no money in the fund until november. what are we supposed to do until then. it's not enough for the government to pass a law to punish victims or the attackers. it doesn't matter if it's a public place like this or somewhere h secluded. no place is safe from ana an acd attack. the safety will come only once the government cracks down on those responsible for the attacks and those that sell the acid. >> despite a supreme court rule to restrict the sale of acid
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it's still easy to buy. >> the person once you are central to jail for ten years, after that you will be free. and what about the girl who has been thrown acid, she is in prison for life. >> dr. gupta is a plastic surgeon who for more than 30 years has helped survivors with acid attacks. some as young asinine an as nind as 70. zbl70. >> to make the vendor equally responsible and they should also be punished. >> lala agrees if people can't bias sid thebuybuy acid they woo throw it. >> in ironin iraq car bomb expls and suicide attacks have killed 51 people and injured 44. more than of 0 600 iraq iraqis e
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been killed this month. one of the blasts near a court caused widespread daniel t damas and buildings. >> sheer muslim communities were targeted in the capital. and elsewhere 12 guided a suicide attack as soldiers you . >> in syria 20 rebel groups have projected peace talks. he says anyone taking part in the gene naive have a two party will be committing an act of treason. they are going to try to shore up support for the talks. dureddish fighters have taken control of alrubian town. there has been no comment from the iraqi government so far.
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and there is more fighting between government troops and rebels between syria's capital. these pictures show fighters with machine guns and rocket propelled grenades. >> thousands of people have been wounded in the continuing conflict and limited researches. th resources. >> it may be a cliche but it's true. necessity really is the mother of invention. arguably this couldn't be more true for sirrian syrians livinga government imposed seige in dasmascus. here they have taken it upon themselves to manufacture prosthetic limbs but with a twist. parts of these are made from the very remnants from the th army meant to kill and maple.
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the metal is molded together to help the disability. in join for example is made from a hinge of a stored car. now it has the same function as your knee. we have to make do request what we have because the singh is not loathing anything in. >> his life has been all but wrecked by the war. his left leg was blown off, but thanks to the imagination and agaigenerosity he has a home-mae prosthesis free of charge. >> at first i had to depend on a stick and could barely hobble from place to place. now the volunteers made me a replacement leg. >> plier to the war those volunteering here this different professions as mechanics and carpenters and black smiths as the war has united millions of sirrians through suffering it has brought together the people in their off orts to help each
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each -- efforts to help each other. >> in mozambique the rebel group is denying responsible for the ambush on a mini bus the government fourser forces have n over the r ren level. over renamo fighters. we have containment materials all over the place here is an example of the renamo flag. what happened tuesday is government forces came on the base and a back hill start and they fled to the hills. leaving buy hind ought of these clothes you see her. on the way here we met an old man a villager who says he is moving with the family. he doesn't feel safe be a he is not sure what is going to happen
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next. thousands of men's are coming from the national park and heading to the mountains. when this e they were attacked on tuesday they went in different directions their plan is to regroup. the continued attention and skimpish on saturday night we had gunshots throughout the night for several hours. and another concern for people is the fact that there is an election coming upen november 20th and local elections and these shirts are the logo of e-mamo. and the victory is based on the fact that they seem to be determined to fight on. >> now time to join the word weather. >> thanks very much, david. we are expecting a nasty start to the new working week in western parts of europe. we go on for the next nine or ten hours or so. we have a developing area of low pressure system that is brewing
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up in the open waters of the landic and it's heading it's way toward the unite the kingdom. this is the area of low pressure system and not as sin be tense as we were thinking. we are expecting nasty weather to kick into the northern area of france over the next couple of days that is the area of concern here. southern parts of england and wales pushing up some of these areas could see winds of 1230 kilometres-per-hour but some strong wind elsewhere. we are expecting a wid widespred disrepublicans as a result of that. ferry cancellations a possibility come month morning. and trees and power lines could be down and we expect a difficult rush hour destruction to road and rail at this stage. we are going to see the weather continue into monday. the pilots' way in from the atlantic. a messy day on monday a little
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brighter and breezier and dryer foretuesday. we thank you for that. heading to the west coast in the united states as businesses in seattle are coming together in a new initiative for gun culture. they have declared themselves as gun free zones. they believe the scheme will backfire. >> five points has been here for 884 years it's notorious every female us mix e musician has been wicked off. >> it's one of the first miss e misses to go free i like guns and i don't think people need to carecarry guns to get a hamburgr they want to key their to declas as a gun free zone as well. >> if other businesses band together and bega ban guns it ms
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carrying guns a different things in seat. seattle. this week another business joined that conversation. the 100th since august. it doesn't take much to do it. sign up on-line and take a sticker. these businesses are taking action because the city is not able to. for years the the city tried ton guns in public places like this park. the supreme court ruled that private businesses can't regulate. people can tell them to leave their shoes and shirts and we can ask them to leave guns elsewhere adam it''s group is collecting signatures to fight a campaign for stricter background checks for gun sales. as for gun free zones there are thousands of businesses in seattle and having 100 sign up is not much to brag about.
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they don't stop crimes from happening and though coac they d people doing it. back at the five point, the owner says he has not lost any business. but he has seen threats of boy cots and bad reviews. for him declaring his business gun free is a statement worth making. >> it's a symbolic thing for sure. we don't think that by dechairing gun free zone that alone is going to end gun vie violence. ity it's a symbolic thing and in a political battle symbolism has an effect and it's important. the group washington ceasefire is coordinating this campaign. the leaders say groups in other parts of country have approached them to get similar programs up and running. >> coming up on the news hour, the people of georgia are deciding who will be the new president.
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who is going to replace. >> and what is being dug up from under the streets of new york. >> and in sport a rare call lead to a controversial end to baseball's world series. we have that and the rest of the sport in about 20 minutes. ♪
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>> in iraq car bomb observation motions and suicide attacks have killed 51 people and injured 144. >> ten car bomb explosions rocked baghdad and 22 were killed in suicide attacks. >> victims of acid attacks in india are doing more to stop the attacks. the only way to stop the attacks is to ban the sale of acid. more on the special coverage of global m mike migrant crisis. >> we rashe was arrested and
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transported 230 he was taking them to a boat when the authorities stopped him. the police were tipped off and intercepted six trucks of asylum seekers. he was the only person arrested. he says he was threatened in to becoming a smuggler. >> i was afraid when i saw all of these people going into the trucks. i told him i was not going ahead with this. the man that ordered the transport started screaming and said they would burn my truck. the police officer is expected of being involved. they are trying to he i eggs ese persecution in myanmar. the police told them to go. we find them in the same village they started from and still afraid and in shock. these are the asylum seekers who left last week in a boat after paying $3,000 to a smuggler who
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promised safe passage. now they are broke but still trying to make the journey. >> all of them have been stuck if indonesia for eight months or longer. many have tried several times to leave by boat. >> we don't trust the smugglers. we spent all of our money. even though m we don't trust thm we have to try again. we are trying to reach australia u we get no help in indonesia. >> the authorities are blamed for not doing much to stop the smuggling. >> so far i have not doa dealt h police officers who have involved in the smuggling. >> it's rare for the police to east are tharrested leaders of e smuggling syndicate. according to police he is responsible for smuggling thousands of people. the man is optimistic he will soon soon b be free.
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>> many of the migrants traveling through indonesia are traveling from the island of java. stef is there. this is a major escape route between indonesia and australia. this is the closest distance between the two countries. only a little over 300 kilometres and you can reach christmas island in australia by boat. asigasylum seekers and refugeesm afghanistan and iraq and myanmar they travel to indonesia by plane or boat. and they hook up wit smugglers d pay thousands of dollars and in the middle of the night they are transported from the safe houses to one of the beaches here. many don't make it across alive. the boats are in bad shape and umany are intercepted by police
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on the way to the beach. and they are basically stuck in etclimbo in indonesia for a long time. >> they are trying to reach australia and as andrew thomas tess utess ustells us from sydn. australia is multicultural. australia has a long history of immigration and many who came ce here came as refugees. >> this latest wave of refugees is controversial and the government is doing all it can to dissuede people from getting on boats. initially it meant putting them in detention centers for a long time when their applications as refugees were assessed. when that didn't workout they would send them to papa new guinea or naru. if the government does not stop the boats all they are doing is pushing suffering out of sight.
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>> soldiers in the democratic republic of congo say they have pushed back an advance by m-23 rebels. the congolese army sayings it's -- says it's regained control of a have strategic town in the e. they have been battling for two days after peace talks in u ugaa broke down. >> people who live in sudan are beginning to cast their votes in a week-long referendum. they are deciding if they want to join south sudan or the country they split from, sudan. there is feering fears that thee could lead to confrontations. >> at least three people have been killed in bang l bangladese start of a three-day anti-government strike. 3000 riot police have been deployed in the capital. though anthey and the governmens supporters have fighting opposition protestors. they want the caretaker
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administration to ove oversee elections in january. >> the trouble in bangladesh has been detailed in a report from a group transparency international. opposition m.p.'s have skipped 80% of the work being days in the last five years. between january of 2009 and december of 2012 politicians either didn't show up or walked out 70% of the time. the cost of that was $4 million. heated arguments and walk outs used to be common. lately those source of confront takeconfrontations have become . because there is no one to argue it. m.p.'s have skipped over 80% of the working days in parliament since the last election. >> an important part of the parliament's work is
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representing their own constituents. they are supposed to be in parliament to talk about issues that affect the individuals that voted them into the parliament. so if a member of parliament doesn't attend parliament he is effectively depriving his own constituents of being heard in parliament. which is one of the basic on objectives. so, yes it does hurt. the opposition has boycotted parliament and taken to the streets instead. the opposition leader says they have no choice. the speaker shutting down the microphones of the opposition. the opposition submitted 2500 adjournment motions in the span of the first four years of this parliament. would you believe the government has not accepted a single notice. >> since then things have become
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worse and worse. today there is little policy debate taking place in the halls of the parliament. the public is frustratedde frush the behavior of the party. >> the ruling party thinks they can do whatever they want and the opposition feels there is no point to say or do anything. in this environment you would be boycotting the parliament yourself. >> they are negotiating a power sharing deal but very few people are banking on it's success. >> china has warned japan it will take whatever measures necessary to protect protect it. this is after a comment by the japanese prime minister who said it's country was ready to be more assertive between china. the relations i have been straid over territorial dig dispute. we advise relevant parties to
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underestimate china b to protect their sovereignty. if japan does what it says, that is a serious pr provocation to . >> voting is underway in georgia's presidential election. the current president is handing over power because he has completed two terms in office. he is not allowed anymore. the prime minister expects his dream candidate to win they want to improve ties with russia. robbewe have the latest. >> there are 23 candidates in this election race and the voters are asked to come and choose one of them to become the next president of the country. only three have a chance of
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picking up a significant share of the vote. >> a veteran politician and she was here at the start of 2003 and she is a critic of the government and the government's candidate is expected to do quite well. and the front runner has the backing of the gos governing col coalition and the prime minister. he says he is so confident in this race of picking up 60% in the first round if he doesn't he doesn't want to stand in the second round. now we have been speaking to georgian voters and they are polarized. this is what some of this have had to say. >> i voted for him because i trust him. >> go you could have seen how it
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was in the past you wouldn't have wanted to live here. the government failed everything. >> the presidential powers will be significantly reduced after this election after the constitutional changes take eeffect. effect. and the powers will be more invested in the executive led by the prime minister. >> georgia's current prime minister says he is stepping down so confident that everything is going smoothly. the question is who is he going to appoint as his successor and will he continue to pull the strings behind the scenes. political uncertainty in georgia looks set to continue. >> we cross to argentina and voters there are going to the polls for midterm congressional elections. we have a report from the important province.
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argentina's pampas. most of it is located here in argentina's province. where ramos and his family have produced cattle for four generations. and like many ranchers and farmers he is angry at the government. they stopped us from exporting beef. supposedly to lower prices at home. instead prices are sky hi. and many stopped investing and killing off their female cows. which means killing argentina's beef industry. that is why they are looking forward to sunday's midterm elections. >> in any election winning in argentina's election is decisive. that is why the outcome of this election is seen as a dress rehearsal for the 2015 presidential race. from the pampas to the towns and
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cities. all eyes are on this province for the rule beining party can e for congress is lagging behind in the polls. >> we have done so much in these last ten years giving people back their rights i in terms of social spending human rights and housing. >> soring inflation and corruption and increased crime and polarzation has taken a toll on the president who along with her deceased husband have governed argentina for more than a decade. >> we are at a turning point. we are nearing the end of the era. the president's absoulte control of congress will be very give. . e -- difficult. and ther a chance 230r for a ths over and there is no substitute.
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the mayor may be an option argentina politics are unique. the most i movement is made up y factions and parties. so typically it plays the role of both the government and the opposition. if the ruling party scores badly a power struggle for an alternative leadership is likely to follow. >> america's biggest video game event is brazil game shows opened to the public. and organizers expect 140,000 people to go to the expo for the unveiling of the hot over thetet of the game. the import tax make it cost four times it does in north america. >> it's tough to be a gamer in
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brazil. it's $90 u.s. a game. >> in the news hour we have sports coming up in a moment. the mor more tore motor gp raceo the final race of the season. stay with us if you can.
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>> the action of fans back in their home in germany. when he crossed the line vettel's motor racing career began when he started racing cart at the age of eight. he has won as many titles as p prouse. at 26 he is the youngest man to do that. >> next year vettle will try to
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beat michael schumacher. he is three short of his seven championships in total. >> lorenzo has won the japanese grand prix. he held off markez to win. he will have to wait until next month's season ending race to clinch the title. he will only have to take fouter tfouter -- fourth to become the youngest champion. the cardinals beat the red sox to take a 2-1 lead. there is a controversial end to game three. we have the reaction interest s. in one of the bizarre endings the cardinals take a 2-1 lead to the series beating red sox 5-4. a rare obstruction call gave them a win.
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allan craig got tangled up at third base and in the end he was awarded home plate and mobbed by his teammates. >> i'm not sure what happened. i just know we won. it's a great play by allen withn the condition he is in and happy it worked out in our favor. >> tough way to have a game end. particularly in this significance. i don't know how he gets out of the way when he is lying on the ground. and when craig trips over him by i guess by the letter of the rule you can say it's obstruction. but it's a tough pill to swallow. the car cardinals with a 2-1 le. the next two games here at busch stadium both team it's clay bucd
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lim. brazil beat rie real madrid. and he had plenty of chances after the interval. renaldo went close. but it was barcelona who got the crucial second goal. sanchez with the finish to all but make the game safe. rodriguez did score a late goal for real. barcelona did hold on for the win. they go four points clear at the top of the tape. >> the only thing i wanted was the team to win the game. in the first half we were winning but not really in the way barcelona has done recently. >> when i realized the game was not going the way i wanted in the second half we made the changes we had to. >> well one game has already
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been played in spain on sunday. they were 2-1 winners. in a couple of hours time. >> the games in england ch chela against manchester city. chelsea will move back to second in the table with a win and a victory for city can put them up to third. man city heads to sanford bridge on the back of three straight wins. >> it's a big female an team any
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big team. not every match is a test and every match is three points. so it doesn't make a difference. of course it's an important moment. it's always an important moment to play against a team that has a lot of chance to win the premier league. i repeat the same thing i said when we played against manchester united it's a match of six points. they played at home and this is our third game playing away. we can continue winning exactly the same both games. >> sunderland is looking for a kick off with newcastle. >> serena williams will play later in the final of the wha chemicalchampionships in istanb. she had to over come injury concerns in her final match.
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she beat januar yanukovich in hl set. and williams will be aiming for her seventh title of the year. >> federer is facing the final with potro in the time in the hometown tournament. tournament fernandez castro nearly blew it on the final hole. a double bogey meant he finished 1 over in the tournament. >> you can never sense a win coming. i think they are both fantastic. i have been hitting the ball good for the past weeks. it was the putter that was letting me down a bit. i made a few changes with my coach last week and it's paid
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off. >> there is much more sport on you'rour website. check out al jazeera do aljazee. >> that is it for me for now, david back to you. >> we are going to tell you about archaeologist in new york who have been slowly recreating a snapshot of life from usa's olden days several ar artifacts have been found under is the earth. the past and present have collided. over the last few years maintenance with heavy machinery has been periodically interrupted for delicate work. >> as we were moving towards the east river we knew there was a possibility of finding art fapghartifactsthat is why we hio help us.
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>> a top team of arc ol archaeos have been called in. they are wiping off the earth of relics underneath the city. some dating back 250 years. we are getting a sense of how new york city was developed and how the city was built and how people were living in the 1 18th 18th and 19th century and how things are similar and stayed the same and how things have changed through time. >> each piece is carefully cleaned, packaged and labelled. using books and other references they have been able to identify middle easmost of their finding. >> this is a broken end of a wig curler. >> the things that women do to look pretty. >> not just women u but men. a tooth brush with boar bristlessed. s in the early days new york city
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was in a few blocks. she and her team have been sharing discoverying their discy are hoping that the collection of artifacts will be made into a historical exhibit. this part of manhattan has been a mix is i mixture of old and n. >> over the past few years people have been moving back to the neighborhood with a reminder of how life used to be just a few feet below. >> take a look at our website to keep fully up t up-to-date thats all of the main news stories and background and video and blogs. i will be back in a couple of minutes with another half hour of news but for now bye, bye. ♪
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>> this is al jazeera america live from new york city we have a look at your tomorro top stor. >> freprotestors march on the streets of the capital they are calling for a change. they want congress to investigate the nsa. this comes from a report from a german magazine that claims that nsa monitored german chancellor merkel. >> they have a request for president obama. they want him to declassify details of a cia secret interrogation program. they argue that it was an act of torture and that prevents the man from getting a fair


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