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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 29, 2013 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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u.s. president barack obama orders a review of his country's spying program. ♪ hello there i'm laura from al jazeera in doha, ahead, troops in the philippines accused of shooting hostages and said they were caught in cross fire. the u.s. drone strike heads to washington to tell its story. and i'll be reporting on how swarms of locusts have eaten the
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crops in madagascar and a new plan to kill them. ♪ u.s. president barack obama ordered a review of the national security agency intelligence operations acknowledging more constraints are needed and he is being criticized over the nsa tapped angela merkel's phone and snooped on other european allies and we have more. >> reporter: the practice of listening in on the phone calls of the leaders of allied countries could be about to end. in an interview president barack obama says that national security operations generally have one purpose, to make sure the american people are safe. but i'm initiating now a review to make sure what they are able to do doesn't necessarily mean it's what they should be doing. this is prompted by reports in germany that president obama was
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briefed on the surveillance of chancellor merkel's known in 2010. administration officials say it's not true and a white house review only discovered the surveillance of world leaders in the summer and say the bugging of merkel's phone and soon after. a delegation from the european parliament visiting washington is worried about the surveillance of 10s of millions of its citizens and one report from spain suggests the nsa tracked 60 million calls in the country in the space of a month. >> we need to figure out why this kind of activity is happening and what kind of trust needs to be rebuilt. in the end we are fighting a battle in terms of security and we need to get that balance right and we have to talk about security and we made it very clear and mostly there is a balance to be struck of privacy of citizens and think these need to be built of that very important trust. >> reporter: the parliament is
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planning a session to discuss u.s. spying. and if a special committee is set it it may call witnesses including merkel and edward snoden, the whistleblower who revealed the program and has been given asylum in russia. >> reporter: and a video emerged during hostages in the philippines being shot at during a siege last month and they were caught in the cross fire and they fought rebels in the southern city of zambauwanga. >> the maker of the video shows hostages shouting at the army not to shoot. they are waving the white flag in surrender and nearby carrying weapons are said to be more national liberation from rebels. [gunfire] the military is believed to have opened fire and some fall while
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other scamper for safety. and he is no stranger to conflict and fought as a soldier when they first sought independence at the end of the 1960s. now the very same fighters are the ones who held him hostage. >> translator: we were so happy because we thought a cease fire had been declared and nmlf were the first and then they retaliated and then i was hit with shrapnel in the head and another shot in the stomach. >> reporter: the philippine government has questioned the authenticity of the video and have suggested that it may be fake, and they are taking the allegations seriously. >> there are claims they will be properly investigated and there are cases that have to be filed and they will be filed but at the same time perhaps i should caution you it's a bit of
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propaganda and the bottom line is the actions brought about the crisis. >> reporter: it's been weeks since the government declared the crisis officially over but many questions remain, what really happened here during the 19-day siege and who is responsible for the death of many civilians. over 200 people have been killed, mnlf fighters took 200 hostage and demanded to hoist their independent flag at the center of the city but no clear negotiation in the philippine government took place and in the weeks that followed thousands of troops surged in and the city became a battlefield. still, junior says he doesn't blame anyone. he has come to accept that to survive he only has himself to rely on, al jazeera in southern philippines. >> reporter: the military
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spokesman says civilian safety was the top priority. >> definitely our concern are the safety of the hostages and that we did. during the video we never fired up them. what we were firing up was sniper positions of the enemy and they were the ones firing to the troops of afp and if you look at the video they are firing a bazooka and that is aiming towards the hostages in the rear. clearly if anyone is endangering the civilians it's them and not us. our mission is only -- our mission is a mission given to us by the president and two things, rescue the hostages and neutralize the enemy. we were able to rescue 195 hostages. unfortunately 12 hostages were killed and 8 of them were directly at the mnlf and for were still not so sure if it's related to a bombing of a bus in northern zambauanga.
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>> they lost his appeal to be released on bail in the ivory coast and has four crimes against humidity in the criminal court dm the hague and relate to violence that followed the election in the ivory coast in 2010. and going to syria and they went to damascus and he is struggling to bring all sides in the conflict for a proposed peace talks in geneva. so far he failed to convince several opposition fighting the regime to come to the negotiating table. we have the first official progress report on the destruction of syria's chemical weapons and the prohibition of chemical weapons says that it is on track to complete the destruction of syria's chemical weapons capability by november first and the possible exception of two sites and extending constructive corporation and
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submitted information on 23 sites, and weapons inspectors have nothing yet done anything because of security concerns. afghan president karzai and pakistan prime minister will meet in london later and hope to lead to peace talks and jennifer glass has more from kobbel. >> reporter: they are suspicious of pakistan and say they are neighbors playing a dangerous game interfering to keep afghanistan unstable and still supporting the taliban and watch the president visit pakistan 20 times with little result. >> you're saying and actions you are not doing what you are saying, the action is not important, not the talking. >> reporter: in august afghan officials had high hopes the prime minister could improve the strained relationship. president karzai extended the trip to islamabad and promised to release taliban prisoners to
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restart the peace process. and he will ask about the second in command and reportedly released last month but still under tight pakistan supervision. >> it is luke warm if not warm. at the center of the problem, taliban is part of the military and if that has changed remains to be seen. >> reporter: they will ask for pakistan help to fight armed groups and keep the taliban from interrupting next year's election. karzai cannot run for elections and in 12 years he said there is no peace in afghanistan without pakistan but not clear if he can swayed pakistan to deliver that peace, jennifer glass in kobbel. >> reporter: the lasting legacy of the rouge legacy with
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cambodians to fend for themselves. the russian host city and the upcoming winter olympic games. ♪ and with them, a storm of views. how can you fully understand the impact unless you've heard angles you hadn't considered? antonio mora brings you smart conversation that challenges the status quo with unexpected opinions and a fresh outlook. including yours.
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all next week america tonight investigates the campus rape crisis. >> serial rape is the norm on college campuses. >> i know that when i did report, i was blamed. >> then this friday at nine eastern, we open up the conversation in a live town-hall event. sex crimes on campus, a special week of coverage and live town-hall on america tonight nine eastern. only on al jazeera america.
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♪ hello again, reminder of the top stories on al jazeera, the u.s. president ordered a review of evidence gathering methods and follows that the national security agency bugged the phones of world leaders including allies in europe. a video showing hostages in the
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philippines being shot at last month and the military said they were caught in the cross fire as the army fought rebels. karzai is in pakistan and will meet later in london and hoping it will lead to taliban peace talks. at least two fighters have been killed in the u.s. drone strike in somalia and it was on the outskirts of the town and one killed is believes to be abraham ali and he is an expert in the bomb division and it targeted the car they were traveling in. the pakistan school teacher and children will be the first drone victims to testify before the u.s. congratulator on tuesday. since 2004 there have been over 376 drone strikes on pakistan and they estimate up to 3613 pack -- pakistans and 1500
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injured and they were hit by a strike a year ago and they traveled to washington to tell their story and this is kimberly. >> it happened a little more than a year ago but for 12-year-old, 9-year-old and the memories are still vivid. >> translator: and i saw these two bright lights fall from the sky and hit where my grandmother was standing and everything became dark and i didn't know what to do but i just wanted to run away because i was so scared and i looked at my hand and there was blood coming out of my hand. >> translator: it was at if day was night and it became dark all of the sudden and where my grandmother was i later heard she was blown to pieces. >> reporter: and their grandmother had been picking okra when she was hit and villagers had trouble burying her charred body and what was left were fragments and the
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family has never been told why the 67-year-old mid wife was targeted. >> translator: i received a letter from some official in the pakistan government agreeing that what had happened to us was tragic and it was sad because we are innocent. but there was nothing else that came from that letter and they just said that this indeed was an american drone strike. >> reporter: they are not the only victims, despite u.s. claims that the drone program targets al-qaeda and taliban operatives a resent report by two human rights groups revealed 19 civilians have been killed by u.s. drones since january 2012. >> there is a process that goes into how these operations are chosen and we take every effort to limit these casualties. >> reporter: but they say that is not the case. the children's physical injuries have healed but they can't escape the psychological scars, the drones still hover overhead
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shaktar rising their village and they traveled to washington to share their story with u.s. lawmakers and marks the first time in history members of congress will hear from drone survivors. why do you want to come to washington and speak to the politicians on capitol hill? . >> translator: i've seen and heard obama say with conviction on the screen he will use drones on any one who is against america and wants to cause harm to america. the reason i have come here with my children is to share my story and to share the truth. >> translator: i want justice. i don't know what to make of what happened to me and my family and the second big thing that i want to urge is that these drones should just come to an end. >> reporter: they hope to put pressure on the u.s. government to reevaluate its targeted killing program so other families are not also devastated by american drones.
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kimberly with al jazeera washington. >> china is investigating a minority group following a car explosion in tiananmen square and two men are pursued by authorities. on monday a vehicle plowed in a crowd of people killing five and injuring dozens more and it caught fire and exploded. more than three decades after the fall of the regime research said 1-7 adults suffer from some form of post-traumatic industries order and they were responsible for the mass killings in the 20th century and they are left to deal with their ordeal alone and we report. >> she lost her parents and husband during the regime. she watched them die. from disease and hunger after soldiers forced them and manages of others to march to the
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country side to create an agricultural utopia. >> translator: they did not kill us but released us to the jungle to die. >> reporter: the memories haunt her. and prayers offer her some comfort but she says she is unable to sleep and relies on antianxiety medication. she could be one of the undiagnosed trauma victims of the rouge. >> many cambodiamns are different from what is expressed. >> reporter: they say domestic violence and substance abuse can be linked to mental health problems and trauma disorders can trickle down to the next generations and experts feel younger people who never lived through the regime may be
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victims and there are 49 psychiatrists for a population of 15 million. the government plans to train more specialist doctors but mental healthcare spending is 0.01% of its budget. nongovernmental groups and psychosocial organization sometimes step in to fill the void. counseling sessions can help to ease the symptoms but survivors still find it difficult to tell their stories. >> translator: when i'm not here i feel like i'm hurting inside and my family members were killed or died under the reign of the rouge. >> reporter: tim warner has been coming here for ten years and the visits are less frequent now and not as dependent on sleeping pills but she like others who survived are still emprisoned by the past. and i'm with al jazeera. >> india's second biggest
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software exporter reached a settlement with the united states for alleged misuse of business visa and they set aside $35 million for the immigration violations and the largest ever of such find and it brought long-term workers in the u.s. on short-term business visas. and this is one of africa's fastest growing economics and on going violence between the army and the rebel group is worrying foreign investors and we report from mozambique's second biggest city. >> reporter: the civil war ended in 1992. after more than 20 years of peace fighting between the government which is led by the party and the former rebel group in the province is worrying her. >> translator: our leaders must sit down and talk. i want my children to grow up in
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peace. >> reporter: foreign-owned companies invested billions of dollars exporting resources like gas and coal and they depend on the highways and railroad lines which run through there. >> translator: we hope this problem will be dissolved soon and they promised to do everything it can to protest investors. and i will have to sit down and talk. >> reporter: and officials say they do not want war and do not attack civilians and they allege government soldiers are getting outside help. >> translator: to the international community watch zimbobwie and they are sending soldiers to the government and wear army uniforms but speak english and be careful, it puts their people in danger. >> reporter: the fighter is 200 kilometers from the second biggest city and unemployment is a big problem here and so is the
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threat of this spreading to urban areas. this has been going on for generations and everyday around this time people come to the beach to buy and selfish and it's how families make end meet and families don't want to give it to the country. economy is growing 7% a year says the government and there is mounting pressure to push both sides to the negotiating table. al jazeera. >> reporter: farmers in madagascar fear their crops may be destroyed by another locust invasion, 70% of the farmers have been devastated leaving 4 million people hungry and tanya page reports. >> reporter: the farmers were helless when a swarm of locust went to the rice patties and they are suffering and the
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locust ate the food for the bulls and it's too weak to plow and everything has to be done by hand. >> translator: the locust came from the south in a huge swarm and we were surprised and it had a huge cloud and blocked out the sun. >> reporter: at the height of the infestation the swarms affected 70% of madagascar combined with the effect of the annual cyclones this year's harvest is down 21% and the world program and the world culture organization said a third of households are hungry with 10 million more people at risk. the resent swarms first appeared in 2009 and a political and economic crisis that gripped the country since a coup that year left officials helpless too. >> translator: all the conditions were right for locust to swarm and at the same time our political, social and economy cities heated so the
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fight against them was too slow and didn't have money and it grew out of control. >> reporter: ratification program starts in november and it will be sprayed with pesticides and need a quarter of the $41 million needed for a three-year plan. this is the best time of year to start the program because the insects are on the ground, reproducing and laying eggs. the reduced harvest means stable food are more expensive so there is more demand at feeding programs like this, wfp feeds nearly a quarter of a million children a day and could be their only decent meal. a reprieve from a life made harder from factors out of their control, natural and manmade, tanya age al jazeera madagascar. >> reporter: a university in the united states will may
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millions in damage after a coach was convicted of sexually abusing young boys and pen state was revered for the football program but the arrest and conviction of the coach jerry sandusky raised the question at what cost? and we have more. >> a university once famous for its football team now synonymous with scandal, penn state university will pay nearly $60 million to 26 young men sexually abused by its former assist and football coach, jerry sandusky is currently serving time in connection to ten abuse cases. in a statement university president rodney ericson said we hope this is another step forward in t orientation or sexual orientation. >> reporter: the tour of the olympic flame has taken in the north pole and traveling south the corruption is piling up. the opposition politician borris
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is a native here and they had to be deleted from one interview he gave about delays. according to him putin wants to dazzle the world and told event organizers to get it done or drop dead. and the residents have been sowic of the disruption of their lives and may have something to do with the climate. in the last days of october the temperatures here are a balmy 20 degrees centigrade but here the temperature is hovering at zero. if you look at the mountains here you can make out several huge piles of snow under plastic sheeting they have been storing
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since last winter. david from al jazeera. >> reporter: the world's tallest man says he is the happiest man on earth after finding a bride, 5.2 meters tall he towers over his new wife and she is 1.7 meters and she says she hopes the marriage will be a long and happy one. more news on the website al spending tends to slow down, hitting the entire economy. second, robust home sales with increase demand in the larger economy. housing has these tent identicals that go far beyond housing, carpentry, lumber, furnishings, pickup truck sales to contractors. moving in a new home comes with additional spend on the ground home improvement, big tickest purchases, furniture, applieses.
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housing over the last year has helped to boost sales at building and garden reply. by 7.6%. that's just an example.


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