tv News Al Jazeera November 20, 2013 10:00am-11:01am EST
>> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ hello and welcome to the news hour. i'm in doha and these are your top stories. a message of defiance. iran's supreme leader says his country will not step back from the nuclear program. carnage on the streets of bagdad. nine coordinated attacks kill at least 30 people. i'm barbara in london with all of the news from europe,
including no longer behind bars. five more green peace activists are released on bail by russia. fitness levels on the decline, why kids today can't run as fast as their parents did 30 years ago. ♪ welcome to the show. iran's supreme leader has given a warning to the west as the latest attempt to reach a deal beginning in geneva, any agreement is likely to be an interim one, lasting around six months. the superpeople leader says iran will not step back from its nuclear rights. netenyahu is now no russia and he is there meeting with this man, the president, vladimir
putin, and putin says there is a real chance to resolve the standoff. in the u.s., president obama is urging senators to hold off on pushing for more sanctions doing the talks. the p5-plus-1 arrived today in geneva. let's go to james bays who is in geneva for us. and james this is stage one of round two. what has been happening so far? >> well, we have been having the preliminary meetings taking place. we have got a meeting underway right now between the european union's foreign chief and katherine ashton who is meeting the iranian foreign minister, i think laying out their positions again, catching up from where they were when they were sitting
down together less than two weeks ago. we have also been having a meeting of that grouping the p5-plus-1. they have been meeting in various different formats to discuss their position, because remember last time around there was division even within that group and i think they are trying to get a united position that they can then take to the iranians. it was the french who have the toughest line on this. and the french said they had problems with one of the proposed drafts, particularly what happened to the stockpile of enriched uranium, enriched up to the 20% level which could be quite quickly turned into weapon's grade. and they are worried about the heavy water plant which is under construction right now. the irans don't want that halted in this first interim deal.
the israelis are also concerned about this plant because it would give iran a root to nuclear weapons using uranium and mru -- plutonium. if you were to stage a attack that could release the radiation and potentially kill thousands. >> james why should we think even an interim deal is in the works here? what has happened in the two weeks since? >> they have been doing very hard negotiations. don't think that just because they are back here in geneva all of it stopped. there have been daily discussions about how to move things forward. and the other factor is what you
are hearing, proposed to this deal the comments coming from prime minister netenyahu, the real concern in the gulf about this, the real opposition that is going on in u.s. congress. i think all of those around the table know that the longer they leave it, the greater the opposition gets, and they may possibly be getting to the last chance pretty soon, the make or break moment to try to come to a deal. >> absolutely. stay there james, because we're going to hear first from iran's supreme leader. he had to say quite a few things about the nuclear talks in geneva. take a listen. >> translator: it is a heavy task and the negotiators need support and backing. and i have helped and supported them. but the other part of the deal is that i insist that the rights of the iranian nation be preserved, including the nuclear
rights. we do not intervene in the details of the talks but there are certain red lines and limits. they have to be observed. they should not be afraid of what the enemy says. >> all right. now to tehran, the supreme leader saying he won't intervene but he has said there are red lines. do we know what those are in >> well, we know what some are, and we can only guess what the rest are. of course what happens in negotiations with iran's highest authority really is anybody's guess. but the main point is enriching uranium. the supreme leader said iran will not halt enriching uranium. the president has said that and all sectors of the sphere say
that is a major red line. and it is not just that, it's also -- he is also referring to what the red lines are that the diplomatic team needs to abide by. the iranian security apparatus has set for this negotiating team. they can't just go to geneva and negotiate and concede whatever they feel like. so what those particular red lines are that the supreme leader has set for the negotiating team are what is unclear still at this point. >> we were just speaking about how iran's right to enrich uranium is a huge sticking point. and the world recognizes its right to enrich yuranium. do any of the officials suggest there is something different? >> there does seem to be a couple of ways around this, if
you sort of read between the lines. the foreign minister says yes, iran wants the right to enrich uranium, and will continue to do so, but this formal recognition perhaps is not so important. in a round about way, that is pretty much what the foreign minister has said. so that means perhaps they don't need to recognize these rights at these talks, but iran will continue to enrich uranium. and iran said it will not stop enriching yuranium, but it doesn't say to what percent. it said it will not stop its enrichment of uranium, but could reduce the purity. so these are very technical points but important nonetheless. >> very important indeed.
thank you. thank you both. well while the world powers try to reach a deal with iran, israel is come page against any such agreement. benjamin netenyahu is in moscow for talks with president vladimir putin, and iran will definitely be discussed. >> the body language would appear to tell a tail, an uncomfortable u.s. second quarter was emphatically told that israel regards any deals that lift sanctions against iran is bad. yet appearances can prove deceptive. a great deal of daylight emerged
between the two positions. netenyahu says no enrichment at all. they insist that iron has the right to develop nuclear technology for energy. the israeli prime minister says iran must be stripped of all iranian technology. what is clear that is israel is inflexible on the issue. it will oppose any deal that does not include the destruction of iranian nuclear capacity. and it is this refusal that has driven a wedge between netenyahu and the u.s. second quarter. john kerry has canceled a trip to israel, a diplomatic message perhaps that he preferred to continue discussions with iran
rather than explain to israel. mike hannah, al jazeera, west jerusalem. the first funerals have been taking place for the victims of the bombings in lebanon. this is the moment when one of the bombs exploded outside of the embassy in beirut. andrew simmons has more. >> under heavy security this is the funeral of the main security guard on the gates when the first devise exploded. he was one of the first to die. the funeral is starting and the crowd is still pouring in under the heavy security of hezbollah, the group at the center of this whole conflict now. because it's clear that al-qaeda
groups are targeting hezbollah, and the aaronians. and the cultural attache now dead. it could have been much worse had the second device gotten into the compound. suicide bombers penetrating and then getting in with a second device. had that happened, it is very likely there would have been a higher death rate in this, and also very likely that there could have been more casualties on the iranian diplomatic side. but right now lebanon is mourning the attack on its people, the vast majority were lebanese civilians. i saw one woman trying to relieve the belongings of her husband who had rushed to the scene after the first explosion
only to be caught in the second explosion. all she could recover was a wristwatch. nine explosions in the iraqi capitol have killed at least 30 people. most of the devices were detonated in predominantly shiite neighborhoods. >> reporter: yet more sadly familiar scenes of devastation here in bagdad. a series of eight car bombs exploded across the city. typical of the sort of attack that have made recent months the worst since 2008. yet they could have been so much worse because of heavy rain government employees were given the day off, so the roads were far emptier than normal. bagdad is finding it difficult to protect against these kinds of attacks because of the material being used.
after the attacks security forces closed off the effected neighborhoods and the bagdad depreciation s -- operations commission said they had killed a man trying to blow himself up. since the beginning of the year over 7,000 people have died as the result of sectarian violence here in bagdad. and here the language has changed. there are some very stark statements coming out. one senior military official told me that bagdad faces an open war. a lot of this has to do with the spillover of people coming into iraq trying to destabilize the government. at least 11 egyptian soldiers have been killed and several more wounded in a car bomb attack in north sinai.
there have been dozens of attacks against security forces in sinai since the president was deposed in july and the military launched a complain there. here is the latest from cairo. >> so far there has been no claim of responsibility even though some security sources tell us that the hallmarks of the attack point a finger at a group based in sinai, and according to the security forces also aboard the boarder in gaza that group has claimed responsibility for several high-profile attacks in the past, mainly the one that was actually -- that failed against the interior minister here in cairo, and just two days ago, they claimed responsibility for the assassination of a high-ranking officer of the national security services here. that officer is actually in
charge of a unit called the unit to combat religious extremists, and he was due to give his testimony in a high-profile trial in cairo very soon. so certainly investigators are looking into that. we do expect the ten recruits who have died earlier today to be given a military funeral later in the day or maybe tomorrow. from what we understand their bodies have to still be tracked. >> staying in cairo, fire tear gas to demonstrators
[ technical difficulties ] >> targeted an ammunitions truck. there has been intense shelling reported in two areas. al jazeera has obtained exclusive pictures of women fighters in a syrian city. these are rare images which show the rebel fighters carrying out various training exercises. they are being taught how to carry weapons, avoid snipers and also how to shoot. all right. coming up for you on this news hour. across america's college campuses there is an explosion of students from india pursuing advanced degrees. and cutting ties. indonesia punishes australia because of spying allegations. in sport will the world cup
facility be ready in time? we'll be in brazil later on in the program. ♪ but first the captain of the green peace ship involved in a russian oil rig protest in september has been granted bail by a russian court. for more let's go to barbara in london. >> yes, peter wilcox the american captain of the arctic sunrise will be released on bail along with four more of its crew members. we'll speak with green peace live in a few moments but for now here is kim. >> reporter: the 26-year-old dutch activist responds to the news she has been granted bail. >> it has been so long, not talking to anybody. >> reporter: she is one of 28 green peace activists and two journalists arrested by armed russian security forces in
september. part of the party's crew on board the vessel the active sunrise tried to board a russian oil rig. all 30 were charged with piracy, although that was scaled back to hooliganism. more than a dozen people have now been released on bale. set at 61 thousand dollars. among them, american captain peter wilcox. >> [ inaudible ] >> very much. >> the australian crew member is the only one who has been denied bail, a decision green peace plans to appeal. others have used their court appearances as a chance to be heard. >> being put in a cage is publicly humiliating, and also gives the preassumption of guilty. >> reporter: for those granted bail it's unclear if they will
actually be allowed to go free. we're joined now in the studio by the executive director of green peace here in the uk. i assume you must be relieved that many activists have been granted bail. except one. why do you think he wasn't? >> i'm not sure. obviously we're very concerned that he wasn't given bail. so i think that the other activists and journalists who are getting bail are obviously very concerned that one of their colleagues wasn't. why we don't know. he was the first one up in court. it may be there was a mix up of the papers or whatever. our expectation is he will be
given bail. about 15 out of the 30 have come up. so i think the expectation must be that he will get bail. but as things currently stand he is in detention until the end of february. >> how optimistic do you feel about the trials overall? do you see this as a softening on behalf of the russians? >> well, obviously we're very pleased they are out on bail. but i think there is still obviously a huge concern because they still have absurd charges willing leveled against them. i'm not sure the piracy charges have been dropped officially either, so they could face many years in jail, and the trial could be quite a long way off. it could be six months, 12
months or next week. there's no way of knowing right now what the game plan is. >> thank you so much for joining us. >> thank you. staying in russia the former head of a ballet has been left with major damage toe his head and face. there is a call for an investigation into the sectarian killings in 1998. attorney general john larkin is calling for amnesty on offenses committed during the so-called
troubles. richard hawes is working on a deal, and david cameron has this to say. >> the government has no plans to legislator amnesty for crimes committed during the troubles. richard hahs is currently consulting with all of the parties. and i think that's the right forum in which to discuss these issues. the italian prime minister is meeting the french president in rome. the two leaders are discussing the so-called controversial high-speed rail link. there have been a series of protests in italy against the proposed line. i'm joined now by claudio, this is incredibly divisive.
i can see demonstrators gathering behind you. bring us up to date as to what is happening now. >> barbara demonstrators gathered here in central rome. while they are badly outnumbered by the police in riot gear, as you can see the police closed all accesses out of the square so the demonstrators are stuck here for now. there are about 1500 police covering the whole of rome because they are afraid of scenes of violence like we have seen in the north of italy where the construction of the railing is taking place. what they are afraid of is the infiltration of groups of anarchists, but for now as you can see it is kind of peaceful barbara. >> that part of italy is fairly
industrialized, so why is the project so controversial? >> well, residents and environmentalists say this project is practically useless because they say traffic has diminished in the last few years and at a cost of 30 billion dollars it doesn't make any sense. they also say of course that it is bad for the environment. they are afraid it will change the landscape. but both italy and france say that's nonsense it's a network of railways that cross the whole of europe. >> thank you. that's all for me now. but i'll be back in 20 minute's time because as the climate talks continue in poland, we'll
♪ hello again, i'm at the al jazeera headquarters in doe ho. iran's superpeople leader says he will not interfere in nuclear talks in geneva but he has warned that limits have been set on the negotiating team. new pictures have been released of the moment a bomb was detonated outside of the iranian embassy in beirut. nine explosions in the iraqi people have killed at least 30 people. most of the devices were
detonated in predominantly shiite neighborhoods. indonesia has called a stop to military cooperation and sharing of intelligence in australia, because of allegations of wiretapping. and while australia has assured indonesia it will not spy on its lead ers in the future, so far that has not been enough. >> reporter: when the news game the damage was all too clear. the carefully nurtured and strategically important relationship was under review, following allegations australia had tried to eavesdrop on phone calls. >> translator: i take this case seriously. i believe it is not permitted for other countries to tap officials. it violates human rights. >> reporter: the scandal has come to light because of
revelations in secret u.s. papers released by u.s. whistleblower edward snowden. the australian embassies across asia were used for u.s. surveillance operations. on monday indonesia recalled its ambassador to australia, but the scandal has deepened, made worst by what is viewed as an inadequate response. tony abbott initially defended the position. >> all governments gather information. >> reporter: but now he is scrambling to make amends. >> deeply and sincerely regret the embarrassment that media reports have caused the president who is a very good friend of australia. perhaps one of the very best friends that ausalia has anywhere in the world. >> reporter: but that statement
not a full explanation nor an p apology has done little. >> translator: once again i demand a formal explanation to indonesia. >> reporter: indonesia's intelligence chief says its australian counterparts have already assured him the president's phone will not be tapped. but the tension still stands. that halts joint operations to prevent people smuggling by boat to australia. tony abbott says the most important relationship that australia has with indonesia. andrew thomas, al jazeera.
the search and rescue mission of a collapsed shopping mall in south africa has now been called off. one person died and 29 others were injured after a shopping mall under construction caved in. the contractors are being investigated. tanya paige has more. >> reporter: about half of the construction site has come down. about 5:00 on tuesday, it started to look shaky and witnesses reported hearing a loud bang before they say the third floor collapsed in on the other floors. they said they heard workman screaming and running for their lives before they were ungulfed in a huge cloud of dust. rescuers worked through the night believing that up to 50 people could have been trapped inside. but on wednesday the vast majority were accounted for, but there are still up to 29 people
hospital. incidents like this are very unusual in south africa. but it's also come to light that construction of this mall went ahead without planning permission. and when the council found out they took the company to court, and had a stop order in place, but that order was ignored. businesses in south sudan are struggling to turn in profits because the currency exchange rate keeps changing. parliament and the central bank have failed to agree on where the official rate should be set. >> reporter: these days when fred opens his shop, he doesn't know how much he'll charge his customers for what he sells. he imports all of his products so his costs go up whenever the
value of the pound falls against the u.s. dollar, and when that happens he has to charge his customers more. >> business has been very slow. people don't want to spending their money when tomorrow you find out you could have spent less if you just waited. >> reporter: the world exchange rate has hurt businesses like this. the central bank tried to fix the problem. the black market sets the benchmark rate since there is a shortage of u.s. dollars in the country, but then the black market rate also went up to maintain the spread. in the end it just made everything cost more. on tuesday the official exchange rate changed from 3.1 to 4.5 pound. the following day it was changed right back again, but the communication was so bad that a lot of people were left confused as to what the rate was.
that gave some business owners who rely on imports an advantage. the problem is the government limits who can buy at the official rate. business owners who had to buy dollars on the black market paid more, so their imported goods also cost more. according to the ministry of finance it was this problem that the central bank's rate change were supposed to solve. >> the measures were meant to create a level playing field for the business community, so that the dollars are transpairant and accountably, and etiquettably made available to all of the tait traitors at one exchange rate. >> reporter: that didn't happen and it caused deflation. the original intention was to improve the climate for
business, instead it has only made things worse. the united nations climate talks are underway in poland and coal is at the heart of the issue, back to barbara in london. >> that's right. poland is especially dependent on coal and has massive reserves of the fossil fuel. but scientists are trying to find ways of cleaning it up. >> reporter: for 234 years coal has been cut from this mine. the hard physical work and dangerous conditions are a way of life for minors, 1600 of them work down in this mine. nationwide the industry employs more than a hundred thousand. >> translator: personally coal is my life. i came here to mine coal.
i have worked all my life as a minor. i have raised and educated by kids here. coal is everything to me. >> reporter: the burning of coal generates 90% of poe lan's electricity, it's a dependsy the government is hoping to change. we're here 500 meters below the surface to get a sense of the scale of this mine. there is 415 million tons of coal in this mine alone. poland produces 1% of global greenhouse gas emissions but the government says it has played its part in reducing those emissions by meeting its targets under the protocol. >> we just cut 52% of our emissions, and at the same time, more than 200% of gdp growth.
>> reporter: but critics say these reductions were the result of restructuring and reforms which followed the collapse of the communist system. they are also critical of poe l poeland's votto of reducing coal. >> they don't have to use coal. they can move from coal to renewables. it will take time. you have to have a vision as a government. you have to have new jobs for people. but it can be done and you can still meet people's energy needs. >> reporter: poland is researching new anden cleaner ways of burning coal. they are looking at ways to get gas from coal without needing to take it out of the ground, but the technology is in its infancy
and could take dedicates to develop. but at this point the efforts of these men will still be needed to bring coal to the surface. the cleanup is underway in the italian sigh land of sardinha. more than 44 inches of rain fell on the island in a single day. on the italian mainland too flooding has been a serious problem. this river has broken its banks on the southeastern part of the country. and with that, you are up to date with the news here in europe. let's take you back to doha. >> thank you. now children today can't run as fast as their parents did back in the 1970s, that's according to a new study out of australia. researchers analyzed more than 40 years of studies that
involved millions of children in 28 different countries. that may come as a surprise when the world's top sprinters are still breaking records. but while the world's top athletes are getting faster, the next generation has been slowing down. researchers found that on average children today run a minute and a half slower than their parents did when they were youngsters. children are getting slower as they get fatter. that has major implications for their health as they grow up. researchers recommending 60 minutes of exercise a day for children. and that's the same for their parents. we have the senior clinical research at any british vascular society joins us to discuss this further. i gather the most obvious
reasons children are getting slower and fatter is because of video games are there other reasons for well? >> thank you very much for having me. you are absolutely right. what the research highlighted is that the children nowadays perform less work compared to their parents and grand parents, and the main two reasons for that would be one that the children are less fit because they exercise less. they spending more time in front of a tv or computer playing games on the internet, and the second thing and most important as well is the fact that their diet is not as healthy as it used to be, and they tend to be more overweight and the combination is a vicious cycle and it goes on and on until we try to break it. >> so what is the single-most
important piece of advice that you could give to parents to have healthy children. and what age should parents start being concerned over their child eating too much or being obese? >> well, essentially you should start to get concerned from a very young age, because there are studies that clearly show that childhood obesity is at an increase and what parents can do is get the children out to play more as they used to do in the old days. cycling, even walking to school as is recommended in the united kingdom and attempt to improve their diet. so the things that we all know. a diet high in fruit and high in vegetables as well as fresh fish. >> so should we be focusing doctor more on a child's weight or on their fitness? their cardiovascular intensity?
>> i think we should tackle both things at the same time. and if we tackle one, we will improve the other as well. so if we try to get our children to exercise more they will get fitter and also have a healthy diet and reduced weight and be more prone to go out and exercise. so it's a combination of those two factors that will give us healthy children now and healthy adults in the future, with major implications for our health systems and population health in general. >> sounds very reasonable actually. michael thank you for being on the news hour. >> thank you very much for having me. all right. still ahead for you, we'll tell you why the number of indian students enrolling in american universities are at an all-time high. and in sport, two of europe's best strikers battle for a place in next year's world cup. we'll have all of the reaction in just a few minutes.
celebrated at johns hopkins university. one of america's most prestigious places of higher learning. these students are some of almost 100,000 indian students enrolled here. these two students are both phd candidates. one pursuing a doctor at it in neurosciences, the other in cognitive psychology. they find american classrooms much more demanding than back home and offer more choices. >> they give you the option of studying something else and focusing on something different than just your mayor area of study, and that's something the people really appreciate. >> reporter: as for american instructors, another difference here. >> they spending a lot of energy on teaching. >> reporter: the rapid growth of
international students is compensating for an opposite trend. enrollment of american students is on the decline. one reason is government research contracts have become scarcer. >> international students will come to the graduate schools almost for any reason because the rewards is so significant. >> reporter: most are spared tuition, but an advanced business degree can cost a student and his family at least 1 hundred thousand dollars in fees. but the u.s. degree can be a passport to financial security back home. >> you get a better job. the job prospects improve exponentially if you come here. >> a large number will want to stay in the u.s. for a number of
years to recoup their investment or further their careers before turning to their country. >> reporter: so far, though, policy requires the students to go back home before they fill american jobs. but the u.s. immigration bill would make it easier for the students to stay and work. tom akerman, al jazeera, baltimore. >> okay. to sport. >> thank you so much. the final teams to qualify for europe's world cup have been determine determined. >> reporter: the scorer in the first leg and with a 50th minute strike in stalk home the warning signs were being presented by renaldo. but sweden's main man answered the challenge, two goals in four
minutes and the playoff was leveled at 2-2. a gal battle of the stars. but a hat trick on a grand stage, securing portugals progression. >> translator: this is a beautiful day for me personally and for my country. i scored three goals equallying their perform. this makes me happy. we must enjoy this moment. >> reporter: staring down the prospect of missing their first world cup in two decades, france eased their nerves early. no european team had ever come back from a 2-0 deficit in the first leg of a playoff to qualify. but as this man struck in the 34th minute, that record looked
in jeopardy. france getting out of jail as a goal in the second half clenched a 3-2 aggregate victory. 0-0 after the first leg, croatia stole the other hand against iceland 27 minutes in. one goal up, but also one man down as the scorer was red carded for a challenge. iceland failed to make the most of the advantage as they secured a 2-0 victory shortly after halftime. and a 1-1 draw with romanian was enough for greece to book a third world cup appearance. algearian authorities say that 12 football fans have been killed and 240 injured amid
celebrations following the nation's world cup qualifications. five alone died in a star accident east of algear. algeria booked their place on away goals. gha ghana secured a win over egypt. uruguay hosts jordan. the city on the western planes of brazil is the smallest of the world cup cities. the city promised more than 30 projects to prepare for the tournament, but with only seven months until kickoff none of the most critical ones appear ready. >> reporter: the first batch of new light rail cars have just arrived and are paraded through the town. the light rail has been hyped as one of the key transportation
abilities in the city. but seven months to the world cup and not even one kilometer of track is completed. but the problems don't end there. the 250 million dollars new stadium, still has no seats, roof, car park, or pitch. the head of the city's preparations admits difficult delays but promises the stadium will be delivered on time. >> translator: we don't a day to spare, and we don't have one minute to spare. it has always been a challenge, but we're going to finish the stadium in december. >> the new airport terminal is less than half done. a sign points to the official word cup training center, but this is all there is to see.
fifa says there is no plan b. residents are here are skeptical if any of the projects meant to eventually benefit them will ever be completed. >> the stadium will be ready because it has to be, but for a city as unorganized as this one, the other projects are just going to have to be left undone. >> reporter: starting next year the state will have to begin paying back on the principle and interest of nearly 750 million dollars borrowed to pay for the world cup project. >> translator: the state will be paying for 30 years. during the first six years it will pay about 150 million dollars annually. that is significant. because it's 80% of the total amount of money invested by the state in other public works in 2012. >> reporter: for now the work continues, but more problems
persist. as if the situation wasn't critical enough they now have something else to contend with, and that's the weather. we're entering the rainy season in this part of brazil, and when the rain starts to fall all of the construction work grinds to a halt. let's go live now to gabriel who is now standing in front of the stadium that will open the world cup. so what is the situation there where you are? >> well, very good afternoon to you. there's only 204 days to the world cup, but who is counting? i can tell you the people in brazil are, because they are up against the clock. this is the stadium that will open the world cup, and it's about 95% complete.
so it's a little bit more progressed than the stadium. organizers say this stayed lum -- stadium will be delivered by december 31st. today is a holiday here in brazil, but they have got over a thousand workers here still working on this holiday because they know that they are up against the clock and they need to deliver this stadium by the end of december. >> what about the -- the rest of the host cities? how prepared are they? >> well there are 12 host cities here in brazil. stadium wise, six have been delivered. here in sal palo as well as
others they have not been delivered yet. all that really matters is for the world cup, you don't have stadiums, you don't have a world cup. brazil said all will be delivered even if a couple will be delivered a little after the fifa deadline. >> all right. thank you so much. manny pacquiao is hoping to prove he is the fighter of the decade. the 34 year old is coming off successive defeats. his trainer has indicated that pack-man may hang up his gloves if he loses this next battle. >> i feel like i'm excited, hungry to fight back again, and to prove that i can still fight, and of course it has been a while. >> and that's all your sport for now. >> thanks so much. do stay with us, another full bulletin of news is
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welcome to al jazeera america. i'm del walters. these are the stories we are following for you. president obama awards the nation's highest civilian honor, the presidential medal of freedom, 50 years after it was created by jfk. negotiations and concessions, world powers trying to make a deal on iran's nuclear program. and congress trying to pass a bill that could change the way that sexual assault cases are handled in the military. ♪ two days before the
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