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tv   Listening Post  Al Jazeera  January 19, 2014 11:30am-12:01pm EST

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morgan radford. see you again in just 30 minutes. pau >> hello, you're at the "listening post." this week, south sudan, what they're fighting over as opposed to what the media is reporting there. russia is doing something that it hasn't done since it was the soviet union. and we're in israel and the free newspaper that has been a game changer. and what would happen if israel extended beyond the west bank and into the westend of london. >> this is our land as given to us by the almighty. >> reporter: that's our web
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video of the week. when fighting broke out a month ago and south sudan the story was framed as just another tribal triba tribal struggle. it's a fallout between president kiir and vice president machar. critics say the way they do their business when it comes to africa international news outlets resort to the same 'ol narrative bringing any conflict down to the tribal level which seems to explain everything without actually telling us anything. the question is why. one theory, in the world of journalism there is a hierarchy in africa. and international reporters have more than the local
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reporters that lack something in order to report it. our story this week is juba. >> south sudan is still a newborn trying to get on its feet. that's intensely interesting to the media. >> the world's newest country on the verge of tearing apart. >> to frame it as another tribal conflict. it's easy to fall into that trap. >> hundreds of people have been killed this month as tribal groups fight for the control of the country. >> so through that process you get the simplified narrative coming up. >> journalists particularly broadcasters like to deal in shorthand, handy little devices that sum up complicated situations. but how does one shorthand the south sudan
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story? two ex-rebel leaders of differing ethnicity but members of the same party, president kiir and vice president machar who were part of the same government when kiir fired machar and then led to fighting between members of two different ethnic groups who are always fighting each other. the answer, to hear the international media tell this african story, it's two tribes that have gone to war. >> what has been missed here, the leading party, and actually the laws and regulations and constitution of the party, this is completely--nobody wants to discuss it. but this is what they're fighting over. >> the media has the responsibility to make sure that they cover this beyond just the ethnic conflict because it helps
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to deepen the divide if you do it the wrong way. if you think of us, think of something newer. they pick up a newspaper and say read this. this is a struggle between neighbors, and the only way to dissolve this is sleetl completely. >> in south sudan in particular there are a lot of stake holders, regional and international, and they have the ability to create solutions into four different parties to come into agreement. thou these solutions that have been presented as ethnic ones, then the solutions will break down along ethnic lines which will only aggravate rather than tackles the root of the situation, which is essentially political.
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>> but it's a tricky balancing act because victims and survivors in many parts of south sudan is one having been targeted opposite the basis their their ethnicity. how do you preserve that testimony, that very real testimony without suggesting this is some how inevitable, which i think is the trap that too often western commentators have fallen in to. >> exacerbating the president bush are the changing economics of the news business. cringings, and then more who parachute hit the ground running and then figure it out. going to the front line which usually means being taken there by one side or another, but in south sudan what looks like a
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win-win situation, journalists getting access , it could be a lose-lose. >> journalists are often faced with an unappealing choice, which is don't get to the front lines, the other is don't side with the conflict. >> maybe this is what pushed the government, to take the journey of the juba route where the rebels claimed they were going to come from. >> thit played out very badly . it went viral because the convoy came under attack, which highlights the challenges in trying to control the message and
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gives the impression that the south sudanese government is not entirely in control. >> the reports from there, you see the people who are fleeing both the rebel groups and the government. you see the ill preparedness of many of the government fighters. >> just walking up the road with the general when suddenly the firing started. >> and so the more they tried to cereal the international media, the more they slipped through their fingers as they tightened their grasp. >> for all the shortcomings of international journalist who is recently arrived, the local media are hampered, too. journalism is in its infancy and suffers from government censorship. but many tell their story often in simplistic tribal terms. >> there is a view that western
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journalists that they have a higher position or heroine . and the journalist, for them, he was a journalist in the region. it didn't mean that his access or information was better. perhaps the contrary. >> the development of media independence is extraordinary. you see the explosion of a young journalist who had been so keen, but in all cases they've been struggling can with with censorship.
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>> they're left with two choices, neither of which are ideal. go with reporters who are outside siders, or go with the locals who know the story inside out but can only report so much. the world's youngest country and the people who care about what is happening there deserve better. >> our global village voices now on the coverage of the conflict in south sudan. >> oversimplifying to see this in terms of ancient hatred which gives a sense of inevidence ability and lack of solutions. you see the core drivers behind this conflict, things like political power struggles, and huge development needs. >> the into's roll is to allow for people to be text on the
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ground . >> they should discuss several things, the the rights of the state involvement. the human rights. and from the >> i'm phil torres, coming up this week on techknow... >> a mystery, deep in the heart of the rain forrest >> we haven't seen something actually build them... >> it's been really frustrating >> it's a spidery clue that has our team of scientests stumped... join our journey to peru... then, it looks like chicken, tastes like chicken, >> that's good.... >> but it's not... the foamy inovation that's making hardcore meat eaters happy. >> techknow on al jazeera america real reporting that brings you the world.
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>> russian has expelled an american journalist for the first time since the cold water. david sater, a 40 year writer went to russia too work for radio freedom. it's one of the network of stations funded by the u.s. congress. russia's foreign ministry maintains that satur overstayed his visa. but according to an interview that's not what he was told at the russian embassy in the ukraine where he had been sent to renew his credentials. >> the diplomat said he had to reed something to me. >> he said they have decided your presence on the territory of the russian federation is not desirable. urbanned from entering russia. and in a recent tend it shows
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vermont putin on a charm offensive. harding and saturn has wrought about political sfb involvement. the media fallout from the political ca scandal in turkey exploded when he dared challenge erdogan . he confirmed via twitter that he had been fired. the announcement came a day after he had appeare appeared on cnn. he writ sized the is politician
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that were involved in the scandal. he also called for an early election which got him attention since his newspaper supports erdogan and the akp. in the past few weeks erdogan has called for charges against journalists who he sees is against his government. on his own twitter feet he ended with this comment. what an advanced democrat. the muck raking greek journalist has been back in court, and this time a judge ruled that his articles on a real estate scandal involving a monastery and senior monks went too far. there were ordered to pay in fines over controversial land
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swamp involving the government that saw forests owned by the monetary exchanged for prime real estate in athens. the magazine called "unfollow" was defamatory. suggesting that although he was serving a jail time. he first grew in prominent in 2012 when he published a list of more than two thousand names of wealthy greeks wit connected with possible tax evasion. these days he runs his own news magazine.
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a. >> the most widely read newspaper. country. the tradition al news sheet is close to bankruptcy. israel also has an affect on the political landscape. the "listening post" on the newspaper, and what it's growth means for journalism and politics in israel. >> israelis are news junkies. in a country with only 8 million people there are 13 daily
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newspapers, and at least 19 weeklies, and long gone are the days when newspapers were the go-to source for information. today israel's newspapers have been left on the stands and traditional broad sheets are struggle to go make money and retain public interests. but there is one paper that is not cutting back. >> wherever you go, train stations, bus stations, restaurant, it's not a paper, it' ifget free a paper for 80 pages why pay $10 for a 12-page paper. >> i don't think it contributes anything to the media here, but i think they approach is for people who never read a newspaper before. it's very mild, very thin. but it's is there.
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>> it has ruined the media market in israel. it's widely distributed, it's free, and more than that, it sales advertising at very low prices flooding the market, further reducing the profitability of other newspapers. in. >> the distinct political, the day after barack obama was re-elected, one op-ed declared the u.s. chose socialism. over the past couple of months it has produced headlines, iran has become all but nazi, we contacted the newspaper to ask about their journalism but no one was made available to comment. the paper is owned by american billionaire and benjamin netanyahu supporter sheldon adelson, whom americans got to
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know when he speedy $150 million in trying to get republicans elected. since 2007 he has been putting his money into a newspaper, and by extension politics in israel. as an alternative, it's huge market shared captured means that the paper goes out to the israeli public. that's what sheldon adelson wants. he's not necessarily in it for the money. >> sheldon loses money, and lots of it. my estimate is that the paper loses $10 million a year. i'm sure he's prepared to invest many more years and a lot more money anything to keep a liberal moderate peace-loving leader. >> it's not about money.
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it's about shaping the future of this country. >> when you're sheldon adelson, and you call the prime minister three times a day, and you tell minimum what to do because you are his publisher, that's thought kosher. they want israel to look like him. >> adelson is not exactly shy with his views. a few months ago he proposed a solution to the iran nuclear stalemate. his approach, dropping a bomb in the iranian desert was unconventional. >> you drop a bomb where it doesn't hurt a soul. then you say see, the next one will hit. >> it's called bb today because it favors benjamin netanyahu and his conservative politics. but adelson's investment in that
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pro netanyahu investment has been a concern. >> it was expected he would have a grip on power, but instead he barely squeaked back in. >> their position supporting the prime minister and his policies, so i'm not sure one can say that there is a direct link between the paper with high circulation and the results of the elections. >> one thing that nobody learned that you cannot buy a newspaper as a loud speaker. >> i think in the last four or five years sheldon adelson spent hundreds of millions, and i'm wanted. you can see the political scene was not effected by the presence of it.
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>> it is changing the land cape in print media. where advertisers are abandoning traditional newspapers on the right and left, in 2012 the country's leading liberal paper was faced with a difficult choice between cuts and closure. an israeli constitution is still publishing but it's daily edition is now read by 7% of israelis. >> we had a terrible year in 2012. we started generating losses that were dangerous for the company. we really cut costs, eventually this was offered in some neighbor up rest. >> i think that it is very important they retain it's pow. it's important to the knesset, the government, and i think it could be the beginning of democracy.
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>> it has been pushed to the brink, by the irony is that israel hayom may be the only thing keeping it there. and if adelson is taking his business elsewhere, then the future would be more bleak. >> there are rumors that is skying. one of the oldest paper also is near death, so the lapped scape is very darwinen. two or three major papers very strong have destroyed all the others. the papers are vanishing in israel. >> there is an old expression that applies to news among others industries: you get what you pay for.
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israelis will give nothing to read the paper, and it's a hefty price that other newspapers are paying now and it's citizens may end up paying for years to come. >> more global village voices on israel and the bleak future of print journalism in that country. >> there is no clear idea, but it's contributed for free. how many israeli was pay £1.01 to 2? >> it has no shame in showing how right wing it is. the only thing we can say about
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israel hayom is that it gave many journalists jobs during hard times in the industry. >> al jazeera's investigative unit has tonights
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>> finally still with israel
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slightly loss in the news of death of former prime minister ariel sharon is the construction of houses on palestinian land on the west bank. that development sets up this candid camera style comedy sketch. actors posing as construction workers informed local businesses that the israeli embassy in london is exercising it's biblical right to take over its properties mocking the concept of the israeli land grab. it ended up being a free for all over a peace process that really isn't proceeding. the embassy extension is our web video of the week. >> we have to take down this law. is otioning is is
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>> it's warm, >> it's warm, it's beating... it's functioning, it's just functioning as if it's in your body. >> doctors are also seeing promising results, using the organ care system on other organs, such as lungs. >> for more information on this, and other techknow stories. visit our website at don't miss techknow, sundays 7:30et / 4:30pt on al jazeera america
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>> good afternoon and welcome to al jazeera america. i'm morgan radford. here are the stories we're following for you right now. toxic mess, residents in west virginia say the water is safe but it still smells. chris christie, another mayor accuses him of political pay back. protestors defy a ban. >> i'm rory challenge in london, this one, the lord isn't invited.


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