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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 20, 2015 3:00pm-3:31pm EDT

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only on al jazeera america suicide bombers target two crowded mosques in yemen's capitol killing 127 shia worshippers. ♪ hello, you are watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up. tunisians come out in force to condemn an attack on the national museum which authorities say was the work of gunmen trained in libya. ethiopia destroys $20 million dollars worth of poached ivory. plus -- [ cheers ] a celestial show for sky
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gazers as parts of the earth are plunged into darkness by a total solar eclipse. ♪ attackers targeting houthi rebels have killed at least 127 people and injured another 345 in yemen. suicide bombers detonated explosives at two shia mosque in the capitol sana'a during friday prayers. three houthi leaders are among the dead. there was also a blast in northern yemen at a houthi strong hold. islamic state of iraq and the levant has claimed responsibility for those attacks. this just a day after 13 people were killed in aden. rival forces clashed at the international airport, and military jets opened fire on president hadi's compound nearby.
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>> reporter: the attackers new the mosques would be packed for friday prayers. in the heart of yemen's capitol, sana'a two mosques were targeted both longs to the sect of shia islam, the power base for houthi fighters who control the capitol. witnesses say the first explosion was inside the mosque another went off at the gate when people fled. rescuers struggled to deal with the high number of casualties. one after another dozens of bodies were taken out. the hospitals appealed for blood blood -- donations. the attacks happen a day after attacks in the southern port city of aden where the president has been trying to build a power base. for hours intense battled raged between his supporters and fighters who support another former president, ali abdullah
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saleh, as these continued an in inidentifyied air strike hit the presidential come pound. >> translator: what has happened today is a crime to be condemned by everyone in yemen. everyone knows in yemen that there's coalition between the botherhood of al-qaeda and hadi. >> reporter: there has been unrest elsewhere as well. these tribesmen loyal to hadi say they are carrying out military maneuvers to prepare for any houthi advances. >> translator: we need to defend ourselves. we hope nothing serious will happen, but if the enemies want to attack us we will also attack them. >> translator: we have no confidence in any agreement signed by the houthis. >> reporter: the battle to control yemen is between shia
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houthis, sunni tribes and al-qaeda fighters and as the fighting continues more yemenese are dying. >> reporter: well, in response to the attacks in yemen, the united states has called for all parties to work towards peace. >> we express our condolences to the families of the victims. we deplore the brutality of the terrorists who perpetrated today's unprovoked attack on yemenese citizens who were peacefully engaging in friday prayers in their place of worship. today's attack on the mosques in sana'a underscores the terrorism affecting all yemenese and no one group alone can confront the challenges facing yemen. ♪ now talks have resumed to
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solve libya's political crisis. representatives of the country's two rival parliaments have been meeting in morocco, but remain at odds over several key issues. as they argue, fighters linked to isil are posing a growing threat in libya. hashem ahelbarra has more from the moroccan capitol rabat. >> reporter: another round of talks to narrow differences between libya's warring factions. the u.n. says the only way out is for both parties to make concessions. >> but this should be a decisive moment because we are as i said before in -- in previous meetings running out of time. you know that in the last days we have seen more fighting. we have seen air strikes. we have seen more actions by
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daesh, not only in libya, but also in the region. >> reporter: but libya's feuding factions remain more divided than ever. the united nations recognized house of representatives in tobruk insists its the only legitimate authority in libya. >> we have basic differences, especially about legitimacy of both parties. we feel that the parliament is the legitimate body through the elections, and we feel that gnc is coming into the political scene with no real basis for that. >> reporter: these are members of the tripoli-based general national congress. they say they are the ones who control more territory. >> translator: right now we need to reach out to the tobruk delegation face-to-face to we can listen to what they want because libya is in crisis.
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>> reporter: this is the man who's fate hangs in the balance, general general general general hafta. but there is one requirement, if there is a deal here hafta should go. but he maintains he is the only guarantee against the rise of ill affiliated groups. >> translator: they come from many places. what we need are weapons and am mission only. >> reporter: but the international community doesn't seem willing to deliver weapons to hafta, fearing that move might alienate armed factions. the united nations and international community remain for the time being determined to give diplomacy a chance, and
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have the divided factions agree on a national unity government, disband militias and form an army that can lead the fight against isil in libya. well the deteriorating security situation in libya has dominated the final day of e.u. talks in brussels. leaders discussed way to help unify the government. but the e.u. says it won't act without an official request from the u.n. simon mcgregor-wood has been monitoring the situation in brussels. >> reporter: the whole situation in libya dominated this sum it in brussels. and although short on detail on how the european union is going to get involved in trying to secure the peace in libya, everyone was pretty much singing from the same hem sheet, this institution is very much willing to stand by the libyans, but only in the event of a political deal and once a national unity
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government has been put in place. the european union is partly funding the talks going on in morocco, and feel they have an investment in the outcome. we're not talking about a huge military commitment, but we are talking about observer status missions to build up the libyan national army. we may see troops on the ground helping board the border oil installations, that kind of thing. which would be quite a departure from its normal activities. now, why you might ask that this is such a big priority for the european union? i guess it's the situation deteriorating so rapidly and the realize in capitols across europe that libya is very much on the doorstep of its borders to the south. it's clearly the jumping off point for this terrible ongoing migration issue, which the europeans are very concerned about, and with the rise and spread of isis in libya, i think
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that's really focusing people's minds and for the first time really, they realize this is a problem in their back garden in their neighborhood, and they need to do something about it. niger and chad armed forces have found the bodies of at least 70 people in a mass grave from a town retaken from boko haram over the weekend. it was feld by four months by boko haram. the bodies in the grave appear to be victims of the armed group. boko haram was forced from the area on saturday. many of these residents already fled. meanwhile in another recently liberated town boko haram has filled 11 residents who has returned home. ethiopia has burned more than six tons of ivory con if ied indicated from poachers traders. the ash will be used to fertilize trees in a reserve.
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90% of the elephant population has been last over the past three decades. up to 25,000el facts are killed each year. sky gazers on remote arctic islands have been treated to a rare celestial show. the natural wonder was also partly visible for viewers in europe and asia. >> reporter: say they it is all about timing and when it all comes together in the skies it does so so spectacularly. and as the moon casts a shadow over the earth, the celestial mechanics were in full swing. it looked as many the moon has taken a bite out of the morning
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sun. sa there was only one place to look in the faroe islands and that was up. even for those who had seen it before excitement of what was unfolding. >> the sun is shining on the water, and then it gets completely dark out there. you cannot see the eclipse, but you can see the result of the eclipse. >> reporter: then darkness descended like a blanket covering this rugged north. one of only two places in the world to experience this total eclipse. we're now in totality. the moon has cast its shadow over where we are. a few minutes ago it was light. now look at it we're in darkness. and it feels really quite eerie. cloud obscured some of the features but now the moon could clearly be seen in front of the sun. then out of the shadows we were back into the light.
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>> i have tears in my eyes almost. so it was incredible. >> reporter: this eclipse has brought more than 9,000 sky gazers from across the world to the faros, all hoping to witness something special in spite of the cloud. >> it makes you feel aware of the immensity of the university. >> i didn't expect it actually to get dark that quickly or for the light to just like filter in. it was really cool. >> we saw the thin crescent, so we did see almost a full circle of the moon's disk which was worth coming for. >> reporter: the faros won't experience another total eclipse for several hundred years. many here though are already looking forward, willing to chase the moon's shadow wherever it falls. coming up here on al jazeera in the next 15 minutes. they have been dead locked all
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week. so did iran's nuclear talks end up producing any results? and we'll show you a machine that creates water out of thin air. ♪ >> it is wonderful to have children, but i think you can have a happy life without children. >> follow a very personal journey. >> after the age of 45 to get pregnant... is one percent. >> i'm a bit nervous. >> from the best filmmakers of our time. >> it's not traditionally what broadcast journalism does. >> the new home for original documentaries. al jazeera america presents "motherhood on ice". sunday, 10
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♪ welcome back. you are watching al jazeera. let's update you on the top stories. three explosions targets houthis in yemen have killed at least 137 people and injured more than 340 others. bombs went off during friday prayers at two shia mosques in
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sana'a. talks to unite two libyan factions have started again in morocco. and parts of the northern hemisphere have been treated to a rare solar eclipse. tourists flocked to the faroe islands. thousands have marched on the treats of tunisia's capitol for independence day. this year they had another reason to come out in force, to condemn wednesday's attack on a museum which killed 21 people. the president calls on people to stamp out terrorism now. ♪ >> reporter: it's independence day in tunisia. and that means flags and processions. it's the national holiday, but celebrations have been overshadowed by the shooting attacks two days early. >> translator: the first challenge is the security challenge, and the challenge of
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winning the war against terrorism. tunisia is today in a war against terrorism. we won't win if we don't stand together. >> reporter: there's a visible security presence on the streets. not just police but also army. here they are guarding the french embassy. the second-largest party in the governing coalition. says the security measures need to go further. >> translator: the countries who fought terrorism in europe did so using special forces special judges, special prosecutors, special courts and that is how we should be fighting terrorism. >> reporter: tunisia relies heavily on foreign visitors and this strikes a vital blow to the economy. the vast manage jorty of tourists want to go on holiday at a place that is safe and
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stable. here the tourism has only started to recover after the revolution four years ago. this shop lies slightly off the main tourist route. the owner has been running it for more than 30 years. he is still too upset by the attack itself to consider what effect it may have on his business. >> translator: believe me i was deeply moved. i imagined myself in their place if i was visiting their country. i was deeply moved because they are innocent. they came to visit our country and us. >> reporter: another procession this time by people who have come in by bus from a seaside resort. their message that happened has nothing to do with their country or religion. now it's up to foreign visitors to decide whether they will come. syrian opposition forces have been shelling assad
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government forces in the city of idlib. the opposition said the attacks are in retaliation for the ray sheem's use of chemical weapons on civilians earlier this week. dead lock talks on iran's nuclear program have been suspended until next wednesday. they say more consultation and coordination is needed. diplomatic editor james bayes reports now. >> reporter: after six days of almost none stop negotiations with the iranians, secretary of state john kerry was still being positive. secretary kerry how is going? in >> we're working hard. making some progress. >> reporter: he headed into a lake side restaurant, where he was joined by the energy secretary and a nuclear physicist. >> we're recessing the talks.
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>> and when will you rejoin? >> we'll be back next week. >> here? >> we made a lot of progress yes. thank you. earlier on the iranian foreign minister had said he was ready to work through the weekend even though it would be the start of the important iranian holiday. we also had been told there were plans for other foreign ministers to join zarif and kerry. so why the sudden postponement? there clearly are still gaps between the two sides? and secretary kerry had to leave anyone on sunday to go to washington, d.c. for a meeting with the afghan president. but the mother of iran's president died, and his brother is one of the main negotiators. the break will also give the international negotiates time to make sure their position is unified before they return.
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it's emerged in recent days that france is taking a much more hawkish line than the others the european union has offered greece up to $2.1 billion euros to help with the humanitarian impact of austerity. it would also be used to support small and medium-sized businesses. >> translator: [ speaking foreign ] >> egyptians are being urged to rally behind an ambitious plan to build a brand new capitol city. the government wants to build the sprawling metropolis outside of cairo, which it says has become too crowded.
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natasha ghoneim reports. >> reporter: cairo wasn't always a franetic city struggling with the burden of an ever-growing population. nor was cairo always egypt's capitol. it dates back to 969 ad. if the current government has its way it won't be the country's capitol in the future. >> translator: a project like this deserves that egypt and egyptians rally behind it until it's implemented. >> reporter: this could be the new capitol rising from the desert. it would be built east of cairo, and become the seat of government. the developer hopes to build the city within seven years at a cost of at least $45 billion. >> translator: the ministers and embassies, and service related bodies that are in downtown when they are moved to a far away
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place, that would lead to a quiet improvement in traffic, and people will be walking in safety and ease. >> reporter: nobody would disagree that their city is too congested, but similar plans to lure people outside of the city has failed. >> translator: the new capitol is a very late decision. here in egypt those in charge only start thinking about the problem off it has already happened. >> reporter: the concept of moving a capitol is not confined to an inent times. egypt can look to nigeria and brazil as modern-day examples. in latin america 34 million people lack access to clean drinking water. lucia newman is in chile investigating a machine that creates clean drinking water.
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>> reporter: water is essential for life yet one in ten people cannot access a single glass at home. millions live too far away from rivers and lakes. or have seen their water sources contaminated or simply disappear during prolonged drought. but what if they could access clean water, any time anywhere out of thin air? that's the promise of fresh water. a machine that does just that. by exacting moisture from the air just like a cloud. >> translator: what this machine does is form a small cloud inside that generates water. the air passes through here and we cool it. if you touch it. it's cold. the water is produced through condensation i'll show you. put your hand here. >> reporter: fresh water is the brain child of this chiliian
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naval engineer an industrial designer and a forestry engineer put together the prototype in this center called social lab, where each startup aims to fulfill a social need. >> translator: we want everyone to have a well in their home and not depend on water currents or if it rains. people can have unlimited infinite water supplies. water is for everyone. >> translator: if there's no electricity you plug the machine into a solar panel. it consumes very little energy. >> reporter: it's nasa technology simplified. the prototype produces between 9 and 30 liters of water a day, depending on climate conditions. it is almost 40 degrees out here and there's practically no moisture in the air, but even in these extreme conditions, and
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even in the desert we are told the fresh water machine is able to extract moisture and produce drinking water. the only drawback right now seems to be the price, roughly $1,000. but its creators want to eventually make it more affordable, their contribution towards quenching the global thirst for life's most basic resource. we'll have much more on the issue of water in the coming days here on al jazeera. on saturday we'll take you to a place where despite plentiful supplies people still have to travel huge distances to access water. now since being founded in san francisco in 2009 uber taxis have gone global. and this week it emerged that uber cars out outnumber new york's iconic yellow cabs.
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from new york gabriel alexander reports. >> reporter: the ubiquitous new york city taxicab, an icon of the city who's popularity might be fading. more often new yorkers and tourist alikes are calling for a uber ride. it's become so popular uber vehicles now outnumber yellow cabs in new york city. and uber drivers like eduardo are part of the reason why. he gave up being a limo driver to work himself as an uber driver. >> everybody is talking about uber in new york. passenger normally they say to me they love uber you know, uber changed the city. >> reporter: but don't write the obituary for the yellow taxi just yet. lines can still be long to flag a tax and there is still on
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average 400,000 taxi rides a way. that's good news for this man who said he is not worried about the competition. >> there's a lot of business out here. and there's enough to go around. >> reporter: if bubber isn't the city you live in you, chances are it will be soon. it has been flooded with venture capital money from investors. it is now thought to be worth more than $40 billion. that's money that will come in handy as it continues an aggressionive expansion. uber is now available in over 270 cities and 55 countries, everywhere a purple dot appears. but such rapid growth hasn't come without controversy. in china and in india, local
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competitors claim to still have bigger market share. but in the city that never sleeps uber has taken route faster and deeper than anybody could have imagined. perhaps threatening the icon of a city. much more on our website, check it out. [ ♪♪ ] >> we get the, you know, credible messages from credible source that is we can never trace back to their origins, you know, that austin is alive. >> people have, you know, had no reason to lie to us as far as we can tell. >> reporter: american journalist austin tice has been missing in syria in 2012.