controversial new power to suppress dissent. and amid heightened security, nigerians appear to choose a new government. good evening and thank you for joining us on al jazeera america. i'm imran garta. >> and i'm randall pinkston. antonio mora has the night off. swift end to the saudi run air air strikes. >> shia hughts are said to be advancing in southern and eastern yemen.
omar saleh has the story. >> the head list on friday was diverse. air defense pat ris air base runway, supply routes and weapons depot. >> we were attacked by the coalition. now, the air base is under control of the yemeni army. we continue, we will continue to target their movement, their concentration of forces until we clarify all the areas that they are controlling now. >> reporter: in the meantime, yemen's president abd rabbu mansour hadi arrived in egypt to attend the summit. he is recognized as yemen's legitimate leader, he had called for intervention and will probably seek more military and political support from arab leaders to end the houthi takeover of his country. the shia houthis swept through
capital sanaa last september. they stormed his presidential palace in january. he resigned in protest and was put under house arrest. he then escaped to aden and retracted his resignation. the houthis say hadi is illetting. they want to form a presidential party then hold elections. they have an alliance of the former long term president of president, ali abdalla saleh. the gulf states and the u.n. consider saleh as is main orchestrator of the problems in yemen. he released a statement through one of his aids. >> translator: first thing is to immediately stop the saudi led military campaign and an honest return to the negotiating
table under the u.n. the dialogue should be moved to the uae or any other location. >> reporter: that call could be a little late. the houthis were voived in the national dialogue since 2012. they also signed a u.n. backed peace and partnership deal on the same day they controlled sanaa. many accused of the group of backtracking on the deals they signed. the houthis aren't showing many signs of being open to dialogue either. houthi controlled television is running pictures celebrating what they say is downed coalition drone. they remain defiant. >> translator: we tell the gulf nations and their treacherous agents that we will be coming after them. god willing we will avenge for our dead. >> president hadi could be open for dialogue but not before weaming ofenning houthis and forcing them to recognize hadi's presidency. omar saleh, al jazeera.
>> u.s. ships operating in the gulf of aden responded to a request for help from saudi arabia. the recovery operation lasted about two hours. there is no word on what caused the jets to go down over international waters. both the saudi air men are reportedly in good condition. >> meanwhile, saudi arabia is getting help from other gulf countries. gerald tan has the story. >> saudi arabia is leading this campaign. it has an estimated 100 fighter jets conducting the air strikes. and 150,000 saudi soldiers are standing by near the yemeni border. supported by a broad coalition acknowledge uae kuwait, bahrain and qatar have lent aid.
morocco jordan an sudan have also contributed. you'll aol centered on air strikes, egypt has sent four ships through the red sea to help secure the gulf of aden. this strategic port is crucial. ready to take a ground offensive with sudan and jordan pledging the same. the united states says it is providing advisory and logistical help. it is not clear if it will allow saudi airplanes to use its strip in djibouti. if ground trips will be deployed, little is known about the military capabilities of the houthis, except that they're a well organized force that is backed by another regional heavy weight iran. >> we are joined by retired
affairs colonel cedric layton. as we know, the saudis have 150,000 troops poised at the border. most importantly do you think it will work? >> well, i think it is possible randall that they will in fact do something on the ground. air power has a way of softening up things first and then, there is a need to come in and to do things on the ground, in order to effect real political change. i think they are going to run into some significant difficulties though. the northern and western parts of yemen are incredibly mountainous and of course that's houthi territory and the houthis know this like the back of their hand and they are going to do everything in their power to make sure that it would be a very long and difficult campaign for the saudis and the egyptians. >> egypt has gone into yemen
before with disastrous results. do you think it's a chance for history to repeat itself? >> hopefully for the jean-baptiste it is a possibility. , they will have studied what happened in 1960s when 150,000 egyptians came under gamal abdel nasser at the time. that means any campaign that experiences losses of that type has significant weaknesses and is in effect doomed to failure. if they've learned from that, there is a chance that they may be able to succeed but it is a very difficult thing and very difficult campaign particularly because the houthis are so adept at guerilla tactics. >> saudi pilots went down, meanwhile, u.s. is insisting
none of our troops will be involved. do you think there's a potential to change? >> there's always a potential but the united states is going to be very careful before they get involved in an area like yemen. in the 1960s we were on opposite sides of great britain which normally considered at least in modern times to be our closest ally. that is a significant difference in the way we oapproach would approach say iraq or syria. likelihood of u.s. presence in yemen especially combat variety is pretty slim especially under the obama administration at this point. >> yemen remains a strategic point for the u.s. given we were running missions out of that area right? >> that's true.
the united states would want to establish beach head or presence for special operations forces. we do have forces in djibouti which is across the red sea area from yemen. but we have to of course have a presence there in order to look and see what is happening with al qaeda in the arabian peninsula. and that of course is another factor in all of this. another group very dangerous from our perspective that is not aligned with the houthis but is also not aligned with us. so that it really is representative of the quagmire that exists in this area and is a very, very dangerous place for us to get involved in, no matter what we did. >> thank you very much, colonel cedric layton. thank you for your insight. imran. >> right now iran and the u.s. are locked in intense nuclear negotiations. at the same time, both nations are intertwined in the ongoing conflicts in iraq, syria and yemen as you just heard.
as james bays shows the dynamic could complicate matters in the final stages of talks. >> my enemy's enemy is my friend. ancient proverb but still best explains the alliances in the region. in yemen an ongoing military operation led by saudi arabia, one of the u.s.'s closest allies. against the houthis a group that now control large parts of the country and that has close links with iran. yet turn to iraq and iran and the u.s. find themselves on the same side. iranian units are fighting i.s.i.l. alongside iraqi forces while u.s. planes simultaneously bomb i.s.i.l. positions. however go just across the border in syria and things get even more confusing iran and the u.s. both oppose i.s.i.l.
here however the iranians provide direct military assistance to president bashar al-assad while the united states remains one of his fiercest critics. john kerry is negotiating with mohamed jabad zarif. after 60 years of mistrust and antagonism these are protracted negotiations that have been going on for months and months. both sides have made it clear that their i negotiations are strictly limited to the iran nuclear file. but when you have people talking and living in the same hotel other issues are also being discussed on the sidelines. in the break on the talks foreign minister zarif went for a walk on the lake frond. he confirmed that yemen has been discussed. >> this is the hot issue of the
day, that doesn't meanwhile we negotiated about it, our negotiations are confined to the nuclear. >> reporter: any deal here could have much wider implications. so far the only person to state that publicly is the eu foreign policy chief fredericka margarini. >> it would make changes in the framework, so far as the western powers are concerned and iran is concerned. what it doesn't do is change attitudes, behaviors and suspicions particularly in the middle east. both israel and most arab governments are very suspicious of iran. and they're not very keen on this deal. >> the u.s. has long standing alliances with major nations in the region. egypt, saudi arabia and turkey. the neucialg deal should nuclear deal
should bring it leverage with iran as well. james bays, al jazeera lausanne. >> at least ten people are dead including a somali diplomat. hotel is considered high security often frequented by politicians diplomats and security. islamic group al shabaab claimed responsibility for the astack. iraqi leaders vowed that thousands of shia militias would cooperate with the americans in the fight against i.s.i.l. in tikrit. most fighters decided to boycott the event grant grand ayatollah ali
al sistani. >> staging areas and fighting positions. >> translator: the fighting capabilities have been badly hit. and our troops are prepared to launch the ground operation to liberate the city at the lowest possible loss. >> reporter: iraq initially reached out to iran for assistance. iran had been helping to push i.s.i.l. out of the city. when theing forces stalled iraq went to u.s. for assistance. the u.s. air strikes have also generated a battle of words.
iranian led shiite groups had been fighting alongside the iraqi military. the u.s. said it agreed to assist only if had slight groups left. now thousands of the shiite groups have left. the concern is, that the remaining soldiers will be no match for i.s.i.l. >> translator: every single soldier is determined and has high morale. we are racing one another in the fight. >> reporter: but i.s.i.l. has proven to be a patient and resilient enemy. natasha guinane, al jazeera. >> russia says it must take steps to prevent its citizens to join i.s.i.l. some are fighting with i.s.i.l. in syria and iraq. they say i.s.i.l. poses a very serious threat to the region. at least five people who returned from fighting were killed in security sweeps last
year. nigeria claims a major victory against boko haram. officials say the army had taken the north eastern town of gor-za. the military released these pictures of the conflict. analysts say even if boko haram was forced out the group still has the ability to stage attacks attacks. nigerians go to the polls tomorrow for presidential elections. >> and one issue facing voters, coming up we'll look at the major issues of concern for the biggest economy. and turkey greatly expands the duties of the police and that concerns citizens.
strict security issues in turkey. >> the government says new police are needed, newly empowered police will abuse their authority. bernard smith reports from istanbul. >> this police officer was suspended after he screamed at a colleague to spray tear gas at protesters. in another incident four police officers were jailed for up to ten years for beating up this protester. critics say they are examples of police heavy handedness. the government says it proved abuses of power are punished. the victim of the beating was 19-year-old al ali ismael.
>> we were extremely disappointed. we thought there was still a shred of justice. that even a tiny bit of conscience existed but there was not one. >> the government says it was prompted to give police enhanced powers following roits riots in kurd kurdish parts of the city. >> during the october 6th and 7th incidents. >> reporter: the security bill will allow police to detain people for up to 48 hours by citing what they describe as serious threats to public order. they have also been given broader powers to use firearms to prevent attacks on buildings people and vehicles. without prior approval from a progression curiosity or court. now human rights watch says in a
report on the draft security bill that it's concerned by what it says as plans to increase police powers without appropriate safeguards. particularly alarming says human rights watch are plans to sideline the supervisory powers that the judiciary and prosecutors have over the police. there are thousands of protests in turkey every year. most are noisy but peaceful like this one opposing the security bill. the government says there's no threat to the constitutional right to freedom of assembly enjoyed by turks now. bernard smith, al jazeera istanbul. >> the co-pilot accused of deliberately crashing a germanwings plane be especially speanl had awanapparently. andreas lubitz, had a doctor's
note which he destroyed. authorizing two crew members to be in the cockpit at all times. >> in sierra leone hundreds of health care workers fanned out across the country looking for ebola patients. dozens of new ebola cases are being reported in sierra leone each week. caroline malone on the country lock down. >> the streets of sierra leone are ear eerily quiet. >> they stay at home to make it possible for the health visitors
and the community moiblgzers, to come in and -- mobilizers to provide them what they need such as a bar of soap. >> the disease is contracted by breathing or contacting the bodily fluids of one who is infected. research of the w.h.o. bho world health organization finds it's very dangerous to infants under five years old. >> neonates, more than 90% of that age group die from ebola. that tells us that the very youngest children have very special needs in terms of care. >> health officials say they're concerned that some people are not taking all the warnings seriously. >> if people continue to believe that the disease doesn't exist hide their patients, don't go to
the centers refuse to follow the rules with personal contact or attack teams in the field it will be impossible to end this epidemic. >> reporter: it only takes one person to spread the disease. people living in resanda village have been put under quawrn he quarantine. millions of people across the country will have to stay at home in the hopes of stopping this epidemic. caroline malone, al jazeera. >> controversy in southern chile. many catholics there are furious over the pope's decision to appoint father juan barro. to a.
>> father juan barros from being ordained as their influence bishop. >> the pope has said be wary of evil of and never the commit of being silent. >> jose was one of the thousands who protested at the cathedral and continues to call for the pope to remove barros. the pope refused to speak to al jazeera but has denied any wrongdoing. an assertion by his accusers. >> each testimony which has been given, what shocks me it's still necessary to convince some people of the truth. >> reporter: scores of chilen
priests and deacons are called for his removal. they are perplexed that the pope ignored their warnings. >> knowing everything we know, the only explanation is that the facts were presented to the holy father in a different light. otherwise this is incomprehensible. >> many priests and 38 catholics say barros must stand down until his name is cleared. in part because of anger over the hierarchy to refuse to condemn sexual abuses. now they're not willing to wage the battle within the church. nevertheless, the pope's perceived commitment to stamp out sexual abuse in the church and beyond. in a church that has already
down the group. rebels appear to be advancing in southern and eastern yemen. senate minority leader harry reid has announced his retirement. the democrat has said he would not run for reelection in 2016. complete vindication for amanda knox and her ex boyfriend. italy's supreme court overturned their convictions. knox and rafaellele solechito. >> nigeria's election tomorrow. >> one of the closest races since the country returned to civilian rule in 1999. the winner controls africa's largest economy with a $590
billion gdp. and largest oil production at 2.5 million barrels a day. security is a major issue pushing the vote from february to march. >> in part of nigeria people are stockpiling food and cash, fearing a return to postelection violence and curfews. today election officials are beefing up security. >> we have updated all the necessary materials and personnel and we have lee as as liasing. >> u.s. assistant secretary of state is among them. >> we are here as a delegation,
to observe nigeria's very important democratic elections. and to make observations and commentary on the electoral process. >> security and the economy have emerged as two big issues on the election. president goodluck jonathan and his rival modelu bohari promised strong governments. yvonne ndege has the story. >> whether goodluck jonathan was elected in 2011 nigerians were rejoiced. they were proud that someone from a poor background could rise to the highest post. four years later people are divided about his performance
and whether he should be given another four years. >> a portion of nigerian territory was taken over. we've seen thousands of nigerian being massacred. >> reclaimed in the last four weeks. there's been a decline in the number of attacks and the president's supporters says he has tackled the number one issue for nigerians corruption. >> fertilizer sales and so on so forth, the way fertilizer was pro occurred itprocured. that was a major cesspool of corruption. the same as oil subsidies so on, so forth. he has introduced reforms that have not allowed people to have access to cash and steal money. >> under jonathan, nigeria has
become africa's biggest economy. created more than 1 million jobs. but according to the office of national statistics poverty has risen under his administration. despite the criticisms, president jonathan says he will win the election. yvonne ndege, al jazeera abuja nigeria. >> what he called the incompetent government from office. the retired general has pledged to make fighting graft and insecurity a priority if he wins. here again is yvonne ndege. >> reporter: he ruled nigeria from january 1984 until august 1985 after taking power in a military coup. mohamedu bohari has tried and failed three times to become president. when he was in power, the form he military leader jailed
journalists without charge. at 73 his supporters say he has changed. >> buhari comes from a reputation of not being corrupt. in a country in the worst stages stages of corruption this would be something that could be changed, that people want to see. >> reporter: buhari is popular among his supporters. he has an image of being incorruptible and disciplined. committing fraud could result in the death penalty but his critics say he doesn't have solutions to the problems facing nigeria today. >> the change that buhari's party is what this corruption fight will be, what it's going
to look like and will it transform education? we don't know how. >> buhari now supports democracy, says he will improve employment. yvonne ndege, al jazeera nigeria. >> i asked why the presidential race is so close this time around. >> the opposition is much better organized, it's -- former president buhari is running his third campaign, it's much better organized, it's much more unified and the north is very very impatient for being out of a presidency for 13 of the last 15 years. so this is going to be a very, very tight election. >> modelu buhari is a former deck tairt.
how do you trust him to lead nigeria given his past? >> well, i think for either party, the task is to continue nigeria's democratic rule and its civilian rule. i think general buhari has been out of office a long time. i think he realizes it is a different era and if he wibz and brings together a good strong cabinet and rules by democratic means. i think he claims to be committed to that and i think he really means it this time. >> on the campaign trail he has said that nigeria has been reduced to a failed state. do you agree with him? >> i wouldn't go that far. but i think the goodluck jonathan administration has failed to ufn unify the country around the boko haram crisis. that's one of the problems, that issue has become so politicized.
and i think goodluck jonathan weakened the military which made it so hard to act against boko haram. so i think there are a lot of problems in the goodluck jonathan administration but i wouldn't call nigeria a failed state and i don't think it has to become one. >> the nigerian military has just recently claimed to have destroyed the boko haram headquarters in guoza and retain the town. is boko haram the biggest threat in nigeria? >> it is a big threat. you can't have that much of your territory in control of a very, very nasty negative insurgency. but there's another crisis on the horizon that any party that wins has to deal with and that's the drastic reduction in revenue. nigeria derives so much of its revenue from oil oil is down more than half since last year.
that's going to be a major crisis for the country to deal with. because not only the federal government but all the state governments derive most of their revenue from oil. >> economic issues for voters, undoubtedly also corruption at the top of the agenda for so many people. i wonder for those who choose to see every nigerian election particularly one with the personalities like goodluck jonathan and mohamedu bohari competing, those who choose to see it as the christian south versus the muslim norts are they over-- north are they oversimplifying or is this a really? >> there was an understanding that power would rotate in nigeria between the south and the north. all tickets for election have a president candidate for one region and a vice president from the other. it's been a tradition that the power rotates.
that tradition was broken when goodluck jonathan ran last time and there's a lot of tension and anger in the north. so that's what makes this election so very tense yes the north is mostly christian the south mottely muslim. >> thank you very much for sharing your thoughts with us. >> my pleasure, thank you. >> now some nigerian voters want a stronger focus on children. >> specifically their education. when we come back the accusations that some students are getting better schooling than others. >> an the nobel prize winner wally soyenka weighs in with his thoughts.
to lead. >> as haru mutasa reports. >> pete this child these children attend a government school in nigeria's southern river state. the governor is the man lastly credited for trying to improve the education system in the oil rich state. >> take of the >> state of emergency when he came on board we started retraining our teachers, 3,250 teachers. >> education in river state is free and compulsory. textbooks and school uniforms are provide he by the government
at no cost. the concept is simple. the children wear the same uniform. doesn't matter whether you're from a rich family or a poor one. in the classroom you are equal. here in river state aren't good. activists accuse some politicians of having double standards. >> but their children are being educated abroad. with our money with our resources because they are in political power. that is most unfair. and yet the children of other people, ordinary people, the voters, are not able to attend those schools. precious anokuru attends a government school. can't give her the opportunity she needs to get ahead in life. >> you don't have the kind of first ladies we have here, the
library, chemistry lab or biology lab. >> but facilities are catching up. facilities here are better than most. making sure that every child has access to the best here. haru mutasa, al jazeera nigeria. >> has president goodluck jonathan failed the people of nigeria? >> well, he's committed many what i call unforced errors. expectations were high but i don't believe that they were too high. but of course the most dramatic failure was his response to the kidnapping of the school pupils. >> if that were any other world leader that we were talking about. if we were talk bug the presidential of the united states or the prime minister of great britain we would be talking about the situation they would be saying impeach the
president and also overthrow the prime minister. how is it possible that these girls are still missing and that president goodluck jonathan is still a serious contender? >> well, it's -- nigeria very often even to me is a puzzle. in certain other situations, somebody takes responsibility. and he or she enuns enunciates that responsibility by moving aside as a gesture of contrition. kind of apology to the people for a failure. so i don't -- i consider our situation rather unusual. jonathan inherited a very bad situation. nobody's complained and nobody's denying that. but then one must rise above that kind of challenge.
and he failed to do so. it's as elementariary as that. >> so with that said does he deserve another term in office if he does not manage to do what he said and what was hoped he would do? >> well, that's exactly the point i'm making that i think his party should have taken some kind of action before now. >> does the rest of the world bear any of the blame with the situation in nigeria because after all there was that incredible campaign, bring back our girls our girls are not back and it seems as the world's attention has shifted. i'll ask the rhetorical question this way. if there were 267 girls missing from france or great great britain or germany would we still be talking about this in the same tempered tones? >> no, i do not believe so. to me, i don't know, the word i'm looking for it's more than improper. a kind of amorality about it, a
refusal to accept responsibility. and a leader must always be ready to accept responsibility. i don't believe even a most primitive society would not tolerate, a village just a small village would not tolerate the disappearance of its children. so it goes beyond impropriety. this strikes at the heart of people's humanity. >> as your fellow nobel laureate barack obama doing enough with respect to nigeria? >> i believe they're too cautious, far too cautious. >> what would you want him to do? >> well, to start with, the expertise which is necessary. cubs like the united states should have leapt immediately
into the fray and assisted with both logistical expertise and hardware assisted those countries not just to push the insurgents out of mali but to ensure, to insist on building a cordon which would keep them outside of the entire west african subregion. in other words an all-out war should have been waged to finish up boko haram once, for all. but it was a half-done deed. and that, for me, merely enabled obviously not just for me, enabled a regrouping, remobilization enabled international terrorism to penetrate that region and to sustain the momentum of this sadistic incursion into a peaceful region.
>> and liftoff. the year in space starts now. >> scott kelly last arrived at the international space station. kelly will stay there for nearly a year, twice as long as any astronaut has stayed on the space station. back on earth a scientists will be comparing his data with that of his brother mark. >> sal monday insalmon, in the north
atlantic. the faroe islands. >> when russia banned certain imports from the european union the salmon farming faroe islands stepped into the breach. this tiny island in the north atlantic found itself into a near monopoly in salmon sales to russia. with no apologies. >> we are not a part of the eu so we do our trade business ourselves, we are not asking brussels because we are not an eu member. >> in 2013, brussels had banned faroe mackerel. he was only too happy to take his business elsewhere. >> we were boycotted out of eu, if you are boycotted from eu where should you go? if eu is locking their harbor for us because we are not reaching an agreement in the north atlantic then we need to
find other markets and we are doing business as usual. >> the floes faroes are up to production and price. increased almost 700% and many faroees were happy to find the produce upped for sales. >> we looked to new market and there was russia. >> no one should tell us where we shall sell. if we decide to sell to russia i believe that's the best for us to do. >> will not help the faroe island people, so why should little mission on faroe island have? >> the farmed salmon thrive in perfect north atlantic conditions. >> our company is producing the salmon to the very high end
consumer market rarnd the ornd the whole world. we're looking for sushi markets all around the world. interesting markets for us. >> since september.last year russia has received almost all of its fresh salmon from these faroe islands. a lot of russian sushi eaters eat a lot of faroe salmon. jonah hull, al jazeera faroe island. >> you may want some malbeck myanmar wine? you don't think of myanmar but florence louie reports.
>> a landscape rarely associated with subtropicals countries. harvest time is over. the grapes aren't native to this region so care must be taken. once the rainy season starts it will be hot and humid and fungus could destroy crops but there are other factors that make growing grapes here viable. >> you have plenty of sunshine and this is the most important part for high quality of red wine. and for white wine, there is another issue important issue that means the cold nights, which we have here in the mountain. >> but the lack of a winter season means the plants here produce two crops a year. so labor is needed all year round. the cost of labor in myanmar is cheap but that doesn't mean producing wine here is inexpensive. vineyard owners say they have to import raw materials. double what it costs in europe
things like machinery and vats and glass bottles and corks are imported. but wine makers still believe in the industry's potential mainly because consumption is on the rise. growing disposable incomes means a change in habits, and democracy has brought a change if visitor numbers. >> business men and as well as visitors so our volumes have doubled and therefore the wine consumption, the beer consumption has also doubled. >> a quick survey around the restaurants reveals a appreciation of the wine. >> like french, mag any of sent. >> it surprised me. >> allow local companies to import wines. the prospect of competition doesn't worry wine makers here.
they're more concerned about keeping up with growing demand. florence louie, al jazeera myanmar. >> we look at how our global view, resolve it now the british newspaper writes without a quick solution to end the fighting yemen will face a real civil war and even greater economic and social damage. >> results of global headlines a little bit of understatement. the middle east is not for beginners. despite the twisted alliances underway race to create a seclusion in yemen. >> an article calls cameron's ambiguous balance. the prime minister's campaign may be in trouble if cameron is reelected the paper says britain oops future with the european
union may are in jeopardy. be in jeopardy. >> monday parliament will be dissolved ahead of the elections. >> that's it for al jazeera's international hour. "america tonight" is next. >> the disease is crippling. >> why are you wearing gloves? >> i don't want to touch anything that i don't have to. >> a compulsive mental condition that shuts her off from the world. >> i couldn't kiss her i couldn't hug her. >> these are patients that have tried everything and have failed. >> you're going to hear eligibility of noise drilling sound but this should not hurt. >> now a new kind of brain surgery could free her from its