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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  May 2, 2015 11:00pm-12:01am EDT

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it. >> a real look at the american dream. "hard earned". premiers tomorrow, 10:00 eastern. only on al jazeera america. this is al jazeera america. i'm del walters in new york with a look at today's top stories. demonstrators celebrating in baltimore after days of anger and frustration. desperation in nepal where critical relief supplies are not reaching those that need them the most more than 2,000 seeking a new life in europe were rescued from the dangerous waters off the mediterranean and the plight of thousands
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of children that make their way from central america to the united states thousands gathering to become one voice. one day after six officers were charged in the death of a man in their custody. >> the moment they put us all together and put forefront forward. right now it's an hour past the 10 o'clock curfew. a few protesters are out on the streets. police say they have made several arrests. the predominant sound the sound of helicopters overhead. demonstrators saying the charges filed yesterday against the six police officers in connection with the death of freddie gray is a rite step.
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john terrett is in baltimore with the latest. >> this rally is seen as part victory rally and celebrating freddie gray's life after the six officers that arrested and transported him were arrested and charged yesterday. let's come back to the rally. i want to take you to west north and pennsylvania avenue. this is the location the marchers went to after hearing speeches at city hall. what you are looking at at the junction, the epicentre of the riot center is a selection of police and state troopers and national guard trying to keep the peace. most of the people who are hanger's on have dispersed and are going home. we understand that there had been some arrests, nothing along
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the lines of last monday night. no riots or disturbances. arrests this evening. back to city hall, which is where i am. at war memorial park. this was the scene of a huge rally for freddie gray and other injustice issues in baltimore and across the country. the weather was beautiful. the mood of the crowd reflected that. it was festive. there were serious issues on the table baltimore, warm and sunny. thousands marched, witness to a rally tributing freddie gray and a victory parade after the six officers that arrested him have been charged with murder. >> it gives people something to feel good about they feel heard. it definitely made a difference.
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>> that is the role of the police... >> reporter: the rally was loud and peaceful. at times it was like a party. a couple turned up dressed like a wedding. two things riled the crowd - high school rioters called thugs by president obama, the governor of maryland, and the mayor of baltimore. the second. the 10:00 pm curfew. speaker after speaker called for the army to leave and regulations to be lifted. for many parents in the crowd with kids this is a teachable moment. >> the generations out there monday - my kids will replace them. i want them to see positive ways to protest and get the voices across and get how police brutality is a big problem in america, and how to stop it today. >> reporter: at one point baltimore's bloods and cripps gangs appeared together on stage to quash rumours they are out to
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get the police. many say the marches are not just about freddie gray though his memory was invoked, but about the multiple injustices in baltimore and other u.s. towns and cities. >> hopefully is a spark, we have gone through the spark before. we have to keep up the momentum. we have glon this in decades, hun -- gone through this in decades, hundreds of years. we have to keep the fight going. >> and we are back with a live helicopter shot overlooking the junction of west north and pennsylvania avenues in west baltimore, this is where the cvs burnt down on monday night and was looted. it was the epicentre of the rioting. this is where the marches wept and the vast vast majority of the huge crowd went up and dispersed and when moment in plenty of time before the curfew. there are stragglers in the
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instances, and the police have been cleaning them up taking them off the streets. there has been a handful of arrests. no serious violence. dell with that, back to you in the studio before you go, i'm curious is the cameras on the scene, are they creating more of an atmosphere than perhaps the police and protesters - in other words, the protesters that are remaining, are they performing for the cameras together? >> i think there's also an element of that. i think that is one of dangers of having so many camera crews in one small area. always you have people playing up to the cameras. remember there is an awful lot of hurt and an awful lot of anger in this city still which hasn't been dissipated by the arrest of the officers and charges brought against them. there are people here who are very very concerned that what they see as the good news of
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yesterday, that someone at last listened to their point of view will dissipate and go away as the process works through the court. there's probably some playing to the cameras, but a lot have serious issues on their mind and this was perfectly obvious today at the rally. feel that the only way to get attention is to do what you saw happen on monday night, or something similar. that is a prevailing view among many in baltimore. i think that you know it's possible that they are playing to the cameras. there's a lot of hurt and anger and resentment in many people, particularly in the west of the city. >> thank you john terrett in baltimore. businesses in baltimore are feeling the economic pinch, fraught with closing early.
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stores restaurants and others are losing money every day the curfew continues. >> we'll do a nice lunch crowd. after 3 o'clock, one person comes in every hour and normally it's like 10 to 20 people coming in. we have a steady flow coming in. it's killing us. >> i'll have to tighten up my belt for the next month, and like i said hopefully in the next few weeks things will turn around and we can get back to our summer business. i feel a lot of business for summer will be down because of what has been happening in the city earlier, the head of the national guard responded to the citizen calls to lift the curfew and for guards men to leave the street. >> we are not here to stay in the manner that you think we are, in terms of the military. we are here as community and citizens of the community because many of us live and work here as i reiterate that. we will go back to the armories and put our stuff up and we'll have to go back to work.
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meanwhile, not everyone is satisfied with how the city handled the chase. melissa chan live in baltimore with more on that story. >> good evening. >> well it's interesting. over the last week we saw protests on brutality, and monday night in response to brutality, people kicked off a little violence. at the same time you had law enforce. needing dom in to stop the violence. it's a complicated relationship. we decided to take a closer look at it. >> reporter: almost a week after the unrest in baltimore, for the most part city life has resumed. the national guard played a pivotal role in quelling the violence. some felt they had patrolled and protected certain neighbourhoods over others. most property damage occurred in poor areas. they have only been in downtown areas over west.
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there has been looting and things on this side as well. if that spills over, they will be ousted. they should be all over the scene. >> one place the national guard maintained a presence is inner harbour, a beautiful and manicured part of the city that looks nothing like the rest of the baltimore. it's where tourists and rich suburbanites come. scenic baltimore in the affluent district, and a reminder that as reinforcements streamed in, habs receive more protection than the have nots. in the end people uncomfortable with strong arm tactics admitted they'd rather have the national guard here, than not. >> everything going on, they are here for our protection, to keep you from hurting one another, and breaking down stuff. now, it depends on what area of the city you are in, if you are intimidated by them, or feel
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threatened, or you may think they are here like the police, but they are not. they are here to keep the piece. >> reporter: a city with enough empty boarded up buildings has seen more damage done, with much of the acknowledge talks believed by many to be rooted in poverty. >> they don't clear the basketball courts, they don't have nothing. they make their own entertainment. they make their own entertainment. you have a lot of challenging young youth in the neighbourhood. don't nobody give them a chance. >> reporter: baltimore's story is not entirely unique. as the past week's trouble played out, some members of congress pushed to cut housing and urban renewal countries. a budget windfall for low income housing would not solve all problems, but would help take the edge of shattered neighbourhoods, like those seen here. . >> so you have the social economic issue that you covered well this week. and it's that widening income
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gap between the rich and poor. you have the relationship between the poor and the police and poverty and race. lots of variables and conversations for baltimore to have. it's also a national conversation to have. >> lots of the same problems. melissa chan in inner harbour in baltimore tonight. thank you in new york city an n.y.p.d. it officer has been shot and critically wounded. he was reportedly in plain clothes when shot in the face in queens. the officer's name has not been released. it's unknown if the shooting was related to a police protest dozens gathering in kathmandu reciting prayers and honouring those lost in the earthquake. 7,040 are known to have died. 90% of the homes in the quake zone were destroyed. >> many people are suffering. first we need - water is okay we can manage. food we need. most of the houses that were not
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broke next time. that will be one of the - one of the way that is we can come to that. >> mourners lighting candles placing them on the ground in the form of a map of nepal. these images from the sky showed the extent of the damage roadblocks keeping residents from villages getting food and necessities. officials ruling out the possibility of finding out more survivors in the 7.8 magnitude quake. there is a massive need for help and the challenges in giving out the aid in the quake zone are growing by the hour. some in nepal are taking matters in their own hands. more from kathmandu. >> reporter: this is a distribution point where medicines are given to residents and health center. it's not run by an international organization or the government. but local business association. i'm here with the vice president of the local business association. sir, you have given some
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medicines to the government. you handle most yourself. why is that? >> this is because we have channels to distribute. we have more than 1,000 hour working people medical representatives, and they have a member there. it is faster than normal channels. that's why we distribute through them. >> reporter: the association has help from business groups in other countries, but turned down offers of money. >> we don't need money, we need the goods. we can't by blanket, tent. better to give boost so we can give charity to the needy people. >> reporter: most of the medicine is for cholera, typhoid and water purification. as access to remote areas opens up plans to follow in organization and the plan is to deliver supplies. among the vulnerable in
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nepal, the children. nearly a million affected by the quake. 40% of all the children in that country. >> ben is the c.e.o. of sos children's villages u.s.a. and joins us were washington d.c. thank you for being with us. it's been a week since the earthquake. what is the situation on the ground. how many children are we talking about who may have lost their parents? >> so the situation is dire. there was another earthquake today, 5.0, where we have one of our villages. this is an area devastated by last week's earthquake and we are waiting to hear back from our villages. as you show the situation on the ground is dire. we expect in the coming week we'll be serving 20,000 unaccompanied children and in addition to providing child friendly spaces, we'll work on reuniting children with their families. >> if you would, paint a picture of a child who wakes up one
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morning to discover their personalities are gone and there's no one out there looking for them or looking after them. >> exactly. so we've been in nepal for over 40 years doing that work. the children we have been working with have been orphaned and abandoned for various reasons. there's a larger number with the earthquake. we are pretty trained and know how to work with children that have been through trauma. this goes way beyond because not only are the children suffering and their families but the people who are trying to provide care are suffering. so what we need to do is at first make sure the children have what they need - food water, aid, and then we work on medical and psychological trauma. try and provide as much normalcy as we can, so they feel safe again. that's what we are working on. we set up nine to 14 child friendly spaces and are working
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with the government on that then comes the harder part in the coming weeks about identifying friend and came. >> the c ex o of children's villages u sa joins us from washington d.c. wish it was better circumstances, but thank you for being with us. another dramatic day on the mediterranean, more than 2,000 had to be rescued. the italian coast guard working along side french boats saved them. italian officials say 1200 migrants were tape to ports in italy. stephanie dekker is in italy. >> 13 rescues took place in the mediterranean on seat rescuing 2,400 migrants. there were no fatalities but it's a huge number unprecedented, and we are only in the beginning of may. the summer seen has not started. numbers are rising. what an official told us is they
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expect the numbers to rise. it's a concerning situation for the italians. we had an emergency meeting, following hundreds of migrants. what changed on the ground? >> not much. there's one vessel not much else arrived. that is a concern. the italian government will stress the issue that this is a european problem that needs to be dealt with. the italians showed a lot of goodwill to the migrants. they have been arriving here throughout the years. the numbers are unbearable. there is anger that they feel they are having to do it alone. we'll have to wait and see how europe responds. no fatalities. they held pledges. they say it was face-saving, not
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a lifesaving one secretary of state john kerry was in sri lanka and spoke about the desire of united states to renew ties with the south asian nation. he's the first top diplomat to visit that country. they had strained relations because of alds human rights produces. kerry asked them to investigate the crimes and heads to east africa where he is expected to talk about security and economic growth. >> coming up on al jazeera america - a year after the wave of undocumented children from central america smuggled into the u.s. we look at the situation today, and the problems the children face like being held for ransom after making it to the u.s.
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it's saturday night, together we look at a deeper look at the issue of children coming into the country alone without parents or papers. numbers are down last year, it
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was a record year, when tens of thousands poured across the boarder from central america, despite controls when you are making the journey, many are theeing poverty and violence in search of a better future in the huss. heidi zhou-castro is on the border. bring us up to date. >> i'm here at the busiest border control checkpoint. this freeway is the only artery north of the border region and you can't get past without papers. human smugglers drop off immigrants and force people to fan out into the wilderness for 2-3 days to make a wide circle walking around the checkpoint. we saw three young men severely dehydrated walking with the empty water bottles along the freeway, asking for water. they said they have been on the road for two days. we have seen people walking
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through the desert and finding their remains. it's a weekly occurrence despite enforcement from the national guard, and the texas state police much the sheriff's department found 26 sets of human remains, up from 20 at the same time last year. it is a surprising statistic given that apprehensions are down. the sheriff's deputy say there's a theory about this saying immigrants are taking greater risks to get around the enforcements. last week they saw 11 people coming out of a car on the side of the freeway. they disappeared into the wilderness and abandoned the car. at the time the deputy thought they had lost everyone. >> you win some you lose some. maybe next time. and next time the next thing we knew is we heard a return knock.
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that's when we realise someone else was in the trunk. >> reporter: inside the trunk? >> there were two male individuals still in the vehicle. >> two men hidden in the back trunk, left by their smugglers. they were in their originally 20s, and from honduras. young people from south america are still making the trek north. >> you have been on the story since day one, both sides of it. how do people feel about the national guard deployed on their border? >> well the national guard is pretty far south from here. believe it or not all the action we see is 80 miles north of the border. the guards deploy on the border. they have played a subdued way, a visual deterrence. law enforcement say it's working, less people are coming across but those that do are taking extra efforts. >> before we let you go, how
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visible is the preps, how noticeable is it. >> you can see it for yourself behind me. there's border patrol. always action. dps has thousands of troopers here on the border. national guard told us that they are polling back. it's uncertain how much longer the stepped-up enforcement will last. it depends on state funding. >> heidi zhou-castro stand by. we'll take a deeper look at the issue. you want to turn out to general assembly clack, a professor of anthropology. and also a researcher from the u.s. programme from human rights watch. thank you both for being with us. last year we saw huge numbers, thousands of change crossing into the country. we'll start with you. are the numbers dropping? >> yes, the border patrols
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reported a 45% decrease. it's not entirely clear why that is happening. technically it seems to be due to a number of factors. one being mexico and this is something that is - can be a little troubling. we are seeing mexico moving to a position where they are allowing central americans to move and now they are cracking down in a militarized manner. >> this is big business. who is getting rich off the problem? is it the coyotes that we here about the people bringing them into the country. what about the prison system housing the children and their families. >> there's a lot of money to be made in detaining immigrants. one of the big policy changes is the president obama administration instituting a massive system for holding
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thousands of family units, moth exercise children. now to prisons in texas and another to pennsylvania are holding toddlers and run by private companies. i want to ask a question and i preface this by saying i know in advance it's a cruel question but a question many are asking, are asking which is why should americans care about what's to people who try to get here illegally. speak to the voices. i'll start with you, and ms long i'll let you answer the question as well? >> one thing we found in our study is so many of the migrants that we are seeing people asking for political asylum have strong connections to the united states. not just people that decide to come here. and we see unaccompanied children they have family members that are here, u.s. citizens. these are people that are tied to the united states and they are going through a difficult situation.
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we have a very complicated and convoluted legal system in the country for immigration. we don't have a lot of legal avenues for people to come. >> now, not caring about what happens to the - either the parents or the children of u.s. citizens is a huge huge problem in the decades to come. >> ms long we have been documenting here on al jazeera america the journey, the fact that they are crossing deserts not only in mexico, but deserts here to get here so the people sending money back know that they are making risk. you answer the question why should the americans care. if the parents make money for them to make the journey. >> parents are paying money to make the journey are making a desperate choice. people do not take the decision to leave their country and take a dangerous journey lightly. they take it because they are
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fleeing for their lives. they are fleeing gang threats, domestic violence and by nature that movement of people is chaotic. americans have taken on the obligation to protect people who are fleeing for their lives out of the experience of world war ii. and our law includes protections for people who qualify as refugees as many of the people fleeing central america do. what is necessary at this point is to look at how well we are implementing those obligations. how much chance we are giving for children and families and adults who are fleeing the situations to tell their story and get a fair hearing. >> let's look at those people. a young man now a voice for others that can't speak out. jonathan martin met up with him in texas last summer. >> reporter: at 13 years old
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jose started a dangerous and desperate journey - all alone. leaving his family in the violentlied city of -- violent city of st. pedro sulo. gang violence is tremendous. i was a victim of it. i was tired desperate, and made the journey to the united states, not thinking that i was breaking the law. i wanted to find my mother and reunite with my younger sister. >> during the trip he was forced to unite with strangers and faced drug smugglers. >> it's depressing when a smuggler wakes you up at two in the morning and a gun in his hand and a little girl is screaming because she's being raped and you can't do anything, because he says whoever does something will be next. it's frustrating as a child going through the circumstances and knowing that your mother is not there. your father is not there to protect you. >> reporter: after the ordeals he was detained at the border
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and spent two months at a detention center and faced deportation. instead he was released to his family in the u.s. 14 years later, jose travelled to texas to be the voice of undocumented children entering the united states. >> i did need to look at it from a morality perspective. what are we doing - running away interest violence. where are we deporting them to? where are we sending them back to? are we giving them a death sentence in sending them back. >> under a deferred action program, jose is allowed to work in the u.s. and sees himself as an example of what undocumented children can accomplish if allowed to remain in the u.s. >> that is the problem in one man's eyes. i'll phrase the question this way. if the people came from the united states into mexico. mexico will be screaming at the
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united states saying fix this. what is mexico doing to fix the problem on this side of the border? >> well unfortunately mexico is making the problem worse. now, as professor slack mentioned apprehensions of children in the u.s. are down quite dramatically from last year. apprehensions and deportations of child migrants and migrants in mexico from central america are up dramatically from the same period. we are very worried at human rights watch that those are summary, they don't provide central american migrants with an adequate chance to make a claim for asylum if they require protection. and we are worried about treatment of migrants in mexican custody. so you know all have this obligation, mexico and the united states, both have obligations to provide protection for people fleeing for their lives. >> mr slack, i remember the story last summer.
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there was a hue and cry for the united states to get tough on people crossing into the border. we got tough. are the numbers dropping. did it help, did it hurt? are they coming across the same way as a year ago at this time? >> i would say people are coming across in the him way. a problem is that instead of people playing their problem, many decided i would cross the boarder, through south texas. it looks like the numbers may go down. apprehensions is not the numbers of people coming i can't say. in our study one in three made it to the u.s. without incident. in many ways pushing the phenomena underground is counterproductive. you don't know who is coming you don't see who is happening, and people with claims for
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asylum seekers don't feel like they can come forward. >> can you understand why there are many in so many cities saying our cup is full. we saw people in baltimore go to the streets. a problem pointed out there is the fact that people can't get a job. is there a point when the united states says we can no longer handle the poor and huddled masses? >> there are a lot of solutions that could be pursued. i'm not saying they shouldn't, i'm saying they should support the government of central america in providing a safe environment for people that live there. it doesn't in any way detract from the obligation to provide refuge. to be clever as the young man whose story you profile a few minutes ago showed immigrants have shown to contribute to the u.s. canadiens
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and society. there is resources in play. what we find is that we are already expanding enormous resources an things like family detention, that is hundreds of millions of dollars. a commonsense less political approach would cost less and protect the rite of people coming more. >> i want to show you a graphic. tens of thousands smuggled into the u.s. making their way to families and sponsors. states that receive the most are texas, new york florida, california virginia. the numbers - you are in texas, is there a sense, because you have been talking to a lot of people and following the story, is there a sense they know of the political problems that this is creating in the united states and that they care?
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>> well in an interesting way that the message condenses and trickles down across the border. going to the other sigh there's a city on the other side where we have subpoena with migrants and we don't here the intricacies of legal debate. there's a lot of people and law enforcement that catches us. they are not saying no i don't want to come. their saying that we are waiting to bide our time when we hear from neighbours and cousins, that it is safer for them to cross. >> do they see themselves as part of a criminal element. i hear people say they may be bringing diseases into the
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countries, and do they see themselves as people making their way out of a bad situation? >> they see that, that they say they have a right to pursue what they want is a better life and they often say anyone else wearing our shoes that lived our lives, they would choose no differently. it's no secret that human smugglers are part of the cartels that are dominating the regime. and people have wised up a way to handle that. they tried to minimise how much they have to deal with the criminal elements. most often. they, themselves are the victims. it's not americans victimized it's the immigrants who are being smuggled, lied to and are not informed that the desert trek claims so many lives. more than 160 in a year and are
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not told how to pack for it or how much water to bring. and that's the least of their worries, women raped that don't have any way to report it, sold into the sex trade later on and we were hearing today from a sheriff's deputy in brooks county that often times the immigrants are forced to give up identification papers to the smugglers before beginning the trek. they have to tell them who are the family members, where they can be found. that is used as blackmail. if you are caught by border patrol and rat on the car tell or tell them anything the family members are in danger. >> i want to give you the last word. i'm concerned - you studied this. you are an anthropologist. is there a difference in the way we look at these migrants or irish at the turn of last century? >> we had cyclical matters from
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foreign groups invading our country, changing our culture, this is a cyclical problem throughout our country's history. what we see is as the eventual arrive of people these threats have proven to be not viable right. there are more threats in our mind rather than threats of safety jeremy slack from the university of texas, and clair long from san francisco, researcher at the u.s. human rights group and heidi zhou-castro - thank you for all being with us this evening next on al jazeera america the unbearable burden of the survivors of the earthquake in nepal. why so many venezuelans are not happy about the raise they received in the minimum wage.
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the death toll in nepal passed 7,000.
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others have been injured. the numbers coming hours after a u.n. official said vital supplies are held up by customs at kathmandu airport. the supply of clean water is running low. concerns are growing about disease. aide officials worry that the slow delivery could spread the disease, where helicopters are needed to get supplies to remote villages many had access cut off since the quake. some villages devastated since the earthquake saw no aid at all. andrew simmonds reports. >> reporter: through the himalayas on an old trade root to the chinese border. natural beauty is scarred by what nature inflicted on the country a week ago. with all the ruined buildings, for now a way of life has been extinguished. without their homes, without their farm buildings, how can people plan ahead? and without loved ones, how can they cope?
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that is a question going through the mind of a girl wearing the pink coat. reshma's mother and her baby brother are both buried in the rubble. reshma is 11 years old, standing with her grandparents wishing her mother and brother could still be alive. for three days they have watched from the pavement. a chinese search and rescue team took over the operation. but with such an odour in the air, they are not expecting to find anyone alive. reshma's grandmother feels that all hope is lost. >> my daughter-in-law and grandson are beautiful. the tragedy is unbearable, i'm not sure how we'll manage. we lost everything. my son reacted badly. he doesn't have work, and i feel i have lost him. >> reporter: it's too much for reshma, her father is in shock
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and has taken to drink. he has not been seen for hours. searching turns to night. the darkness can't fade out any of the pain. the chinese search team plan on how to tackle the next day. reshma's grandfather wants to hear some news. the only development is his son suddenly appearing. slurring his words because of the alcohol, but clear in his thoughts. >> translation: it's a dire situation. my wife and baby son are buried here. many people are buried elsewhere. what is the government doing? we have nothing. please tell the government we hardly have anything to eat. >> reporter: not far away the flames of protest, people demanding food and shelter. reshma is spending another night
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under plastic sheeting as her shelter, vouched by relatives. her grandmother is unwell. what goes through the mind of an 11-year-old in this situation? her cousins try to lighten the mood. but daylight brings reality. it's the start of another day, and the chinese search and rescue team are back on the ground. it appears they may have found a body. mother and baby son are found huddled together. it was never going to be a rescue. reshma's family moved down the road, away from the crowd, trying to seek privacy for their grief. this earthquake doesn't even allow dignity with the lives it takes. mother and baby don't get a hearse or even a car for the journey for their cremation, the bodies passing a family that can't absorb what the shaking earth took from their lives. a father who can't face to what happened, and a girl who faces
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an uncertain future, without the love of a mother. geologists in chile warn na volcanic eruptions could happen in the upcoming weeks. explosions sending 1500 fleeing from their homes. people are working to clean up a thick layer of ash covering everything there. calbuco had been dormant for 40 years, the first eruption on april 22nd. >> the president of venezuela issuing a decree that the national minimum wage will go up by 30%. inflation last year was 39% making it the highest in the world. there's a widespread shortage of goods. many say it's not enough. >> this is insignificant. i'm a mum who has to take care of kids. this is not enough. we are surviving and waiting for
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a miracle from god with that hike in the minimum wage workers take home the equivalent of 1100 u.s. a month. coming up ford motors moving west. opening a plant in california to compete with companies like tesla on the next generation of cars. >> and to mark international space day we talk to a veteran astronaut about the changes ahead in space exploration. exploration.
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>> every day is another chance to be strong.
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>> i can't get bent down because my family's lookin' at me. >> to rise, to fight and to not give up. >> you're gonna go to school so you don't have to go war. >> hard earned pride. hard earned respect. hard earned future. >> we can not afford for one of us to lose a job. we're just a family that's trying to make it. >> a real look at the american dream. "hard earned". premiers tomorrow, 10:00 eastern. only on al jazeera america. call it another step forward in the space race, this one to take civilians into space. >> and lift off. a company owned by the founder of launched its first experimental space shift. blue origin owner jeff bezos called it a success and plans to send the unmanned spacecraft up dozens of times before test pilots will be used.
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this weekend we celebrate international space day, and erica pitzi spoke to a former astronaut that commanded the international space station. >> the pioneers of the first rocket flights, the space walks were the ones that paved the way. rockets were unreliable. space suits invented them, they tried them out for the first time. it was not without complications. those of us that followed in footsteps, including me salute him. we look forward to seeing him here in houston for the celebration of the 50 years of space walks. we saw several missions involving robotic provisions. how important are these missions? >> they are important. there's this talk of a human exploration programme versus the unmanned probes.
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to me they dovetail. we need both. we need the unmanned probes to measure the environment, let us know what we are in for, before the humans come behind. you see that on morse and other areas of the solar system. >> international space day was created to get the younger generation interested in space and maths. kids will not walk on the moon how do we get them excited? >> well i think as you mentioned the unmanned missions are exciting. the images coming back from the rovers or the spacecraft are interesting. i think it helps to keep the the dream going. human space flight touches who we are. we identify with those that are there. it's the same thing with mountain climbers and people that explore the depths of the sea. for my general agency it was the apollo programme, the moon programme that inspired me to
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become an astronaut, and the space shuttle and space programme. tesla, the car-maker putting its brains behind a battery to back up the power in your home. it's creating a power wall storing energy for the house or office. the base model $3,000 when it goes on sale. tesla's focus will be on the electric cars. the country is making waves in the auto industry. ben henderson has the story from silicon gravity. >> reporter: the center of gravity in the car industry is shifting westward from detroit to silicon valley. ford opened a technology center with software and hardware met. >> being here in silicon valley and part of silicon valley is important for the future, and to get the right talent coming into the company, and supports the efforts in driving innovation
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for customers. >> reporter: cars are designed with virtual reality with ultra light carts, like that used on the super car with sex self-adjusting heights for speed bumps. ford is part way down the road to self-driving weeks. at least when it comes to the task of parallel parking. i'm operating the gas and brake, but it is steering itself, see, no hands. ford is researching making cars internet connected and they are playing catch-up. it looks like it was built by n.a.s.a. >> it looks like it developed a nearby. the challenge is seeing if it can do the same for moderate priced cars with a 35,000 model in 2017. the car more into rolling computers, analysts say car-makers will look to silicon valley, the home of experts,
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speech technology and cyber security and data management. >> autos are communication platforms. if you want to be on the bleeding edge you want to be where you can create that technology. >> reporter: that is likely to attract more automakers building an island of detroit in california 20 million people expected to visit the milan expo 2015. this was the scene in milan on opening day coming up why the billion dollar festival was the source of outrage and controversy. and a royal announcement from prince william and kate. made the newest heir to the throne next.
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protests mashed the beginning of the -- marked the beginning of milan expo. a correction scandal is creating a scandal. the universal exposition is served. from friday, millions of
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visitors will get the taste of global customers, architecture and technology. milan's expo is the biggest food and nutrition theme park constructed. a feast for the eyes and pallets. will it provide a much-needed boost to italy's economy after years of recession? >> i declare open the yun variesal exposition milan 2015. >> the expo took five years to build, costing more than a billion dollars. organizers hope revenue will bring in ten times as much to the italian economy. the road to expo was full of obstacles. a corruption scandal delayed construction and on friday 54 pavilions were incomplete or rushing to be finished. these expos symbolize italy -
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famous for food and culture but marred on mismanagements on the verge to miss a deadline but delivering this the last minute. on the other hand it's very italian to be fashionably late. while the expo's theme is feeding the planet. some say it will only feed big corporations. thursday hundreds of people protested against the event in milan, while on friday, thousands turned a peaceful demonstration into a protest. >> why spending so much funny on the expo. food for thought for organizers who main the event is a showcase for a new sustainable way to feed the planet while flying the flag of italy
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kate middleton the dutchchess giving birth to a baby girl. the princess of cambridge, the highest ranking female in line for the thrown. her grandfather charles, father william and prince george ahead of her. an announcement to be made soon a premiere sporting event run in kentucky. >> american pharaoh took the lead. the favourite american pharaoh won the run for the roses, the first leg of racing's triple crown. it was back to derby wins for vick for estinosa. he has taken place every year since 1975. stay tuned, more news headed your way. goodnight.
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>> new video new allegations that syria's government is using chlorine gas on its own people. hello, i'm nick clark you're watching al jazeera live from doha. migrants were saved from drowning in the mediterranean. also women and children rescued from the boko haram camp. and the fight of the


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