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tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  May 5, 2015 2:00am-2:31am EDT

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clinton and rudy giuliani. you can't always believe the polls. ronald reagan was a long shot so was jimmy carter. >> mary snow , thank you. i'm ali velshi, thank you for joining us. [ ♪♪ ] in the decade since american cities burnt. convulsed with anger and isolation at poverty america got richer. many the neighbourhoods, in places like detroit, st. louis and chicago got poorer still. tonight as we sift through the
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ashes of the recent unrest we'll look beyond baltimore and try to understand why in some places poverty was concentrated and opportunity in shorter supply. it's "inside story". welcome to "inside story", i'm ray suarez. america doesn't spend a lot of time looking at the lives of people like freddie gray until something terrible happens. in this case people watched the a couple of hours later he was in the hospital. days later he was dead. tens of thousands took to the streets. freddie gray's home town in baltimore is home to some of the highest levels of income equality in the united states. one out of three people don't have a high school diploma. one out of every three homes is
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vacant even after baltimore demolished thousands of houses. freddie gray suffered lead poisoning. lead levels for kids in his neighbourhood is seven times that of the rest of baltimore. del walters has more on where the city has been and where it is now. >> reporter: in baltimore these are the economic signs of the times - row upon row of boarded up houses. it's been like that for decades. how long? this film was made by the u.s. government in the 1950s, talking about the blight and how to solve the problem. it is called the baltimore plan. >> here is the shame of our american cities. here is the face of our cities we have. >> reporter: while they once represented the area in congress, it has been like this for too long. >> how many times have we come up with the idea of an urban
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marshal plan and people said it's not important. when you don't have a majority of votes, it's tabled, moved to the side and you come back and come back with it. >> reporter: this is what people who take the train see when they come into baltimore. it is the other side of the city, the west side. exploded. the side that has been begging plan. in baltimore, the tough talk by politicians has only been replaced by more tough times. all of this in a city that didn't manage to change as the world around it did. >> going out of business. >> final sale. >> reporter: the massive montgomery catalogue distribution center died when america discovered shopping malls. g.m. died when japanese models were popular, and the economy showed signs of strain in 2004.
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it employed more than 1,000 people. a month later 1,000 jobs were lost. those left, and never returned. the numbers tells the story, the unemployment rate in baltimore is 8.4%. 5.5% for the rest of the country. among the blacks, it's worse. for every 10 people walking the streets, six. are looking for jobs. most of those people live here on baltimore's west side. when you see the houses, these are the houses ha burnt when the riots at the town in 1968. decades later they were taken over by the crack epidemic. they sat empty ahead of riots. only time will tell 20 years from now, if any of baltimore's plans worked we'll look at concentrated poverty with a long-time researcher, analyst and commentator on health, income
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insecurity and the real-life impact of poverty on communities and individuals. great to have you with us. >> thanks for having me. >> you are from baltimore. a lot of people left, a lot of injuries left, as del walters told us. why did nothing come in to take its play? >> there was no managed plan for addressing the economy and how to make sure you have an inclusive economy. how do you make sure you transition from one economy that left the globalization where the manufacturing jobs have gone abroad to the next economy? what you have is benign neglect on behalf of all levels of government, by the way - federal, state and local. au lace is suffering, my friend -- a population is left suffering poor people who were mobile left. it's people who can't go
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anywhere else are left behind. >> if you found an opportunity to get out of the city, many moved to the country, you left. what you left behind was ageing housing stock and declining tax base. it had implications for the economy and the schools, and certainly for the welfare and wellbeing of the people left behind in the segregated neighbourhoods.. >> what happens to the quality of life. >> we live five blocks away. this is a city and neighbourhood that we know well. the quality of life is people who are desperate. homeless people, looking for any way to met it. he had economy asking for opportunities. you have people desperate for
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jobs, and people preying on other people looking for any way, resources to get from others in similar circumstances. so you have pain, desperation, despair and depression. it manifests itself in many ways, not just economically, but the health and wellbeing of individual families. there are some healthy industries there. there's a fabulous port, an important concrewate. there's underarmour, entertainment, convention business, world class medical facility. people in the neighbourhood, are they not in the right decision industry. >> there's a mobilization of bias. where communities are organised to work for certain communities and people and not others. what we have in baltimore is a case of residential
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seg re gags, and the warehouse of a population that has been segmented. these are populations that need to be included into the mainstream economy. they are not well served by the education system, and need opportunities to be included in renaissance, that other areas are experiencing. the inner harbour camp. there are neighbourhoods that are thriving, and the port is a global port with all industry shipping through there. we don't see the kids on the west side, or on the south side or certain pockets of the east side as being capable of plugging into and being part of that mainstream economy, that has to end have the terrible events created opportunity. the world stops, look, and goes on with its business. >> the attention of the world is on baltimore.
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there's a rainbow on the ordinary side of the storm. i believe that the city's leaders and federal government representatives understand that this has been a crisis. there needs to be a comprehensive response. seen. us. with poverty concentrated in some neighbourhoods, is it harder for kids born there to escape it. we have conversation next on "inside story". >> al jazeera america, weekday mornings. catch up on what happened overnight with a full
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morning brief. get a first hand look with in-depth reports and investigations. start weekday mornings with al jazeera america. open your eyes to a world in motion.
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a in baltimore there's tourist attractions, fine dining and swanky hotels minutes from where the protests take place. more than half of the people of working age in freddie gray's neighbourhood is out of work. baltimore is a tale of two different cities. gabriel elizonda reports. on one side of town they protest, calling for justice against police brutality. on the other side of town this is the other balt mr, the white
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and wealthy seaside conclave, where condose go for half a month. people are viewing the protests from afar. >> they have the right to protest. i disagree with the way they do it. the limp mob mentality. >> baltimore is 60% black, 30% white and there's a divide here. >> the issue is jobs. here in can'ton, the unemployment rate is less than 6%. less than a 10 minute drive here in the predominantly black part of baltimore the situation is different. here, two out of 10 job. >> this is one of baltimore's black neighbourhoods that is in economic decline for years, boarded up businesses a sign of
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how bad things are. >> civil rights act visits talk about a lack of opportunity keeping boxed in neighbourhoods. >> you have white flight causing destabilization. >> reporter: there's red emma's, a coffee shop and book store trying to bridge the divide. here, people of all backgrounds mix easily. the objective not only to sell a latte, but be a place to raise spacial awareness. >> this is a unique space. it provide a meeting place for a lot of different moving's on in the city. this time it was baltimore, but in recent weeks the headlines came from north carolina. from missouri, from new york. for more on how different parts of the same city can feel worlds apart, we are joined by congressman emanuel kiever.
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a democrat, serving two terms as the mayor, and from harvard, we are joined by professor patterson, a sociologist, focussing on the impact poverty has had. when there's a change in the objective circumstances of places like philadelphia, boston, parts of the south side of chicago, near the university, how come the acceleration of economic activity does not benefit the long-term african-american residents living cheek by jowell with what is going on? >> the answer is quite simple - they do not have the skills or the education level to take advantage of those opportunities, begging the question why don't they. >> well, now that you have been watching for this long, what is
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your answer to that question? >> well, it's a complex story, we are talking about a minority of the black population, even within the typical inner city neighbourhood. most people are working class people, and - or even middle class. but there is a segment which we now call the disconnected, who are chronically out of work, and are not in an educational institution. and this result from early dropping out. it was also from getting early child bearing, and of course it results from the fact that the jobs that are available, where they are
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are paying an income which simply cannot live on. it's an unfortunate mix of opportunities and a lack of having the basic personal capital education to take advantage of it. as is pointed out in the prom. most people that take advantage of the existing opportunities have moved out. so it's - you know, it's not a simple matter of simply how the neighbourhood can change, we have to be careful. most move to find opportunities, the people who remain behind are those who lack the skills to take advantage of the opportunities. that is a tragic situation we find ourselves in. people. >> congressman, you left city
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hall to head to the hauls of congress, and at a time when people are bailing out on the idea that government can fix the problems that professor patterson was talking about. cities? >> we are schizophrenic on the subject of the what has happened is that everyone in the country readily admits and they are right to do so, that only a small segment of law enforce. agents and officials are guilty of the kinds of police brutality na ignites cities like baltimore, there are many cities around the country with the same story. if you accept the fact there's a few people in police departments like that, also accept premise that those who go out is also a small percentage. it's a significant percentage. because as the professor
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mentioned, what is happening in the african-american community, i can speak about this, for seven years my family lived in public housing. dr fuller, african-american - they lived about five blocks away. the doctor lived five blocks away. the principal of the school lives a few blocks away. away. today when you go into the communities, say elijah cummings, and the doctor who was on your show, people leave. so i had the blessing of living in a home with middle class in terms of their thinking and the
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examples are all around me. four people who wanted to expand from being an underclass. so those people are gone from the urban core, and so we don't have the opportunity to influence these young people who are coming up. so they connect themselves to anyway number of other ways of survival, and some of them are legal to all society and to a country. >> when we come back i want to talk about the walls to the ghetto coming down, allowing for those that couldn't move, like lawyers and doctors. let's talk about who is left behind and what can be done for them, when we return, lessons learnt from baltimore, and plying them to high poverty neighbourhoods across the country. you are watching "inside story".
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. >> if we are just looking at policing, it's too narrow. if we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that's not fair for the communities or the police. what we gather here to talk about goes deeper than policing president obama speaking in new york. underscoring the need to provide equality and opportunity. harvard sociologist and with us, and emanuel kiever from missouri, and before the broke, you talked about how the mobile left the ghetto. they are not coming back. given the communities that we have now
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with the people living in them, presidents with he's my brother's keeper, what do you do to call a truce between the police department and the young fellow walking the streets hassled by them. how do you start from where we are now to try to bring peace and progress? >> well, first of all before i get into the direct answer, i can do this quickly. i think it is important to understand that where - where fear exist, positive human relations and trust are essentially, you know, on vacation. so that is what you have in the urban core. people who come in, who are fearful, including police officers, with the proliferation of guns, differences between people and different races. black men come across as being
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dangerous, even when they are unarmed, if they only have tea and skittles in the pocket. they are ominous looking. that is a problem we can deal with. difficult. what we have to do, it takes middle class african-americans, and americans of goodwill and the government. municipal, state and federal, to become involved. because, look, we have got it. if we continue to live in the country and want a semblance of life, liberty and happiness, we'll have to deal with the least of these, those that have been left out. we'll have to spend money and time to try to get people moving in a different realm. they have few examples to follow. many of the people who are gone will have to come back.
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i have a friend in kansas city wallace heart field the second, trying to get middle class african-americans to come back and re do the homes and provide examples that we have when we grew up. it will take african-americans, and government. >> let me go back to the professor, is that the beginning of an idea to you. >> no - yes and no. let me say baltimore is an unusual case. america is a huge country. african-american americans live in different circumstances. baltimore is not typical. more typical are the african-american neighbourhoods in harlem, south side of chicago and so on. there, what you find is a highly variated population. people. you have stable working class
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people and the poor, and the disconnected. the problem here is not that people have moved out. they are there. the problem there is that the disconnect and the street people, the ones which the congressman talks about constitutes a problem for the majority of god-fearing stable people in the communities. we don't need to bring anyone. the problem is that they are caught between a rock and a hard place. the ill-trained police who, in fact developed a culture sees itself as an occupied force. the irony is the majority of stable-working people, god-fearing people, want the police to be there, they want the police to come in and people. when the police come in, they
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profile the entire humanity as criminals, and so what they find is a situation in which they are renting, it makes the police work harder and worsens the problem. you need on the one hand to change the culture of the police, and l of course, protect the inner city neighbourhoods. >> i'll have to stop you there, a great conversation. thank you to both of you. congressman kiever and professor patterson. when we returned, a preacher with a powerful definition of what a riot really means, you are watching "inside story". >> every day is another chance to be strong. >> i can't get bent down because my family's lookin' at me. >> to rise, to fight and to not give up. >> you're gonna go to school so you don't have to go war. >> hard earned pride. hard earned respect. hard earned future.
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>> we can not afford for one of us to lose a job. we're just a family that's trying to make it. >> a real look at the american dream. "hard earned". sunday, 10:00 eastern. only on al jazeera america. >> part of our month long look at working in america. "har just because i'm away from my desk doesn't mean i'm not working. comcast business understands that. their wifi isn't just fast near the router. it's fast in the break room. fast in the conference room. fast in tom's office. fast in other tom's office.
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