>> adjusting u.s. strategy. >> the situation on the ground in iraq would benefit from more trained iraqi security forces. >> president obama gives the order to send hundreds of additional u.s. troops into iraq to advise and assist. a somber procession. hundreds of people lined the streets of germany to pay their final respects to 16 high school students and two teachers who
died in the germanwings crash as their bodies are returned home. the pope and putin the pope meets with the russian president as the holy father an the russian president discusses issues from iraq to syria. these shoes are for walking. >> these are important to show the wearer's place in society. >> from manolo blanick to jimmy choo. a history of shoes around the world. good evening, this is al jazeera america, i'm imran garda in tonight for antonio mora. a change in u.s. strategy. the u.s. announced it was sending an additional 450 troops
into iraq to advise iraqi forces forces. the u.s. president did so at the request of the iraqi prime minister. thousands are preparing to retake the city of mosul. mosul is iraq's second largest city. in syria an american citizen was killed fighting against i.s.i.l. keith bloomfeld is likely the first u.s. citizen to die fighting alongside the kurds. jamie mcintire is at the pentagon with more on the fighting. jamie how confidence are u.s. officials that more u.s. advisors will be able to turn things around? >> well, imran these advisors have one mission and that is to whip some war weary iraqi troops who are routed from ramadi back
into shape so they can retake the city. the white house describes the dispatch of 450 american troops as a training mission. part of the president's pledge to ramp up training of iraqi forces to capitalize on what it says is the successful training of almost 9,000 iraqi troops so far. >> there actually are some locations in anbar near the other training base in anbar at al asad air base where we have seen iraqi security forces that have been trained by coalition forces that have received about the benefit of advice and assistance of u.s. military personnel where we have seen the iraqi security forces be effective in driving out i.s.i.l. >> reporter: the new u.s. troops will be deployed to takatem air base just south of habanea, to form a county offensive.
pentagon officials say the bulk of the 450 troops will be american security forces protecting a much smaller number of advisors at the air base. their mission is not to train iraqi troops in basic combat skills but rather to school their leaders in how to turn the rag tag remnants of the iraqi forces routed in ramadi into battle-ready troops who can re-take city. the american advisors will be helping iraq revamp rearm remotivate and reinvigorate iraqi troops, by a much smaller i.s.i.l. force. for its report, iraq is conducting an audit of it's 8th army division, to see how many never returned after ramadi estimated to be several thousand. the ranks will be replenished with new be body armor and in some cases new commanders. u.s. is advising from the rear
instead of leading from the front. >> we will send 400 or more to iraq none of which is accompanied by a strategy, none of which is accompanied by forward air controllers so we will continue to see 75% of the combat missions flown return to base without having discharged their weapons since we have no one on the ground to identify targets. this is incrementalism at its best or worse depending on how you describe it. >> the other part of the administration strategy to reach out to and recruit fighters from the sunnies of anbar though details on how they will be convinced to join the fight remain vague. the u.s. believes a much needed victory in ramadi will pave the way in future success in retaking the i.s.i.l. stronghold
of mosul now once thought to happen this summer but now looks to be more than a yearing yearing year away. up to two months to get this base up and running and even longer before they can recruit some of those sunni tribes and if and whether they are ready to be trained it could happen at other locations be not at this not at this base. imran. >> there does seem to be back and forth from the white house to the pentagon about the role of these new troops. >> yes the white house described them as trainers, but the pentagon says no, they are not trainers, they will be advisors who will be working at the brigade level. to count this counteroffensive. so there is a little bit of
daylight between what the white house and the pentagon are saying. >> jamie mcintire at the pentagon, many thanks. now, today marks one year since i.s.i.l. fighters seized mosul. we're now getting a rare look at life inside the city and how i.s.i.l. keeps the people who are trapped there under control. zeina khodr reports from the outskirts of mosul. >> reporter: beyond the bridge is i.s.i.l. territory. mosul, the biggest urban center in northern iraq. some 2 million people are believed to still live there cut off from the rest of the country. be. >> translator: the people who want to leave but they have to pay i.s.i.l. a huge amount of money which they don't have. they have to provide guarantee like their house to prove their plan to come back. they live in a prison. >> reporter: these people are born and raised in mosul they fled to the kurdish controlled north last year when i.s.i.l. took over. al jazeera doesn't have access
to the city but have contact with the journalists who film. they even preach in malls. according to these journalists i.s.i.l. hides its women's in civilian neighborhoods so that people will turn against the u.s. led coalition when it targets the area but i.s.i.l. does have some support. it is able to exploit sunni grievances. many in the community have long felt targeted 50 shia led government and the iranian led publishes. >> i.s.i.l. has an ideology and exploit the long suppression against the sunnis. the kurds they believe want their land. >> most surrounded by kurdish peshmerga forces from three sides. for now they have no plan to move towards the mainly sunni aisharab city.
they will play a supporting role if and when a decision is made to recapture iraq's second largest city. the plans to do so have been stalled. but i.s.i.l. is preparing for that be possibility, it is breeding a new generation of fighters. after digging trenches and fill them with cement. >> thousand new graduates sleeper cells in the future since they have brainwashed the children. >> reporter: a major part of i.s.i.l.'s strategy is to control every aspect of the lives of the people under its rule and even if it loses ground ensures its ideology will endure for years to come. zeina khodr, al jazeera northern iraq. >> well earlier we spoke with retired brigadier generalist l mail sunani.
sun. ani. >> i think there are specific and significant issues that should be taken into consideration while taking on i.s.i.l. in mosul. first: the commanders should take in his consideration the available resources trooption thattroops thatneed to execute and implement the mission. secondly the reserve that he requires and what are the postlib rakespostliberation plans that he has to before taking mosul back. >> i apologize for interrupting
you mr. sudani. this is the iraq army that has suffered several defeats in ramadi previously in tikrit. it basically folded in numerous towns and cities in the past two years as i.s.i.l. advanced. what kind of army is this. do they not want to fight? >> i think for mosul i think the story is different. there are two divisions are prepared and trained and equipped by the u.s. advisors, and these divisions are separately prepared for mosul specifically. so these two divisions alongside the iraqi counterterrorism forces brigade i think they are prepared to take on mosul. it is different than other
troops in other areas in iraq. >> are u.s. advisors enough? or would you like u.s. troops on the ground? >> it's very important to put foot on the ground. not necessarily to be u.s. forces. maybe foreign forces. in an unpopulated area, on the borderline between syria and iraq. these are -- >> who would do that? which foreign forces? >> i think that it depends on the international coalition led by united states. and this should be discussed by around seriously should be discussed with the international partners and regional partners. this is crucial also important to keep i.s.i.s. under the control of the iraqi and the coalition forces. >> judge is mosulwhy is mosul so important?
why is it important to defeat i.s.i.l. in mosul particularly? >> because the caliphate has announced or declared mosul as the capital of the caliphate. so he in his consideration he is making this as the center of gravity for i.s.i.s. although in my perspective this is not going to be breaking the backbone of i.s.i.l. because this is an surntcy group, ainsurgencygroup not totally degrading them or eradicating their forces. >> that was retired brigadier
generallishgeneral ismael sudani. colonel, you heard what he said there, do you share his optimism? >> i'm very concerned imran. especially as it relates to i.s.i.l. and what we can do against i.s.i.l. at this point. i'm very concerned that we will not be able to turn back the tide the way we need to or want to, in order to actually make them first of all roll back and number 2 make sure we're really carrying out the strategy as announced by the united states earlier. >> is there really a strategy? 450-odd troops and somewhat almost equivocation as to trainers and advisors many is there a strategy really to go
along with that? >> well be truth be told imran there is not a real strategy right now . when we look at the outlying areas have the -- the effort have been brought together, i would say that there is no overarching strategy and this addition of 450 or so trainers is not a strategy or a change in strategy. it is more a tactic more than anything else. >> we've seen this movie before haven't we? trainers going in, the united states spending billions of dollars to train iraqi forces. we've seen this before. >> yes, we have. we've seen it in iraq and we've seen it in other parts of the world throughout other periods of history. i think what we're looking at here is more of the same. and it's very unfortunate because to me it seems like we need to learn some of the lessons of history. and if we are very serious about going after i.s.i.l. we need to act accordingly take care of
the job get it done quickly and get out. but those are the things that we haven't done. we haven't articulated that and really quite frankly no one knows what to expect at this point. >> there is this hope to incorporate sunni fighters into the iraqi army to convince them to fight for iraq against i.s.i.l. in mosul. given rampant sectarianism that's taken place and the ethnic cleansing that's happening, is that likely in your opinion? >> well, if i were one of the sunni fighters, i would be very reluctant to do that. so i can just imagine how reluctant they are. i think that we have squandered the ability to relate to them. we have squandered the ability to influence them and i think it is basically a very difficult we'll have a very difficult time of it actually trying to convince them to do this. what could happen out of this, i think, imran is that we may in fact be looking at the de facto
partitioning of iraq and that has its own strategic consequences that we really have to take into account before we go down that road. >> as important as mosul is, it's is capital of the self-declared caliphate in i.s.i.l.'s eyes according to baghdadi are we going to see a case of whack-a-mole here? >> it could be. it is strategic to retake mosul but i.s.i.l. itself could very well morph into many different areas. it could go ahead and move into different areas it could in essence become what it needs to be in order to survive. and because they are so adaptable and so quick at adaptation i think it's critical to realize that this could go on for a while be a game of whack-a-mole through the
iraqi and syrian deserts. >> colonel thank you for joining us. >> imran, my pleasure. >> thank you so much. now an american killed in syria. keith broomfield died in syria against i.s.i.l. family members from massachusetts said they didn't want him to go to syria but he said i'm going to do what i got to do. broomfield joined the fighting earlier there year. border officials say refugees are in addition to 6500 that arrived last week, appeared to be syrian or iraqi arabs. turning to the situation in libya, i.s.i.l. has taken the key port city of sirte make it
a strategic area as it connects the countries east and east and west, victoria gatenby has more. >> the coalition of militia backed by the general national conscious in tripoli. its fighters now control all checkpoints in and out of the city. fighting in libya has been those that support the u.n. recognized government in sto bruk. both sidestobruk. the tobruk government appears divided. on tuesday some of libya's elected parliament rejected a u.n. draft proposal to form a unity government. they support general halifa
hafta. others continue to germany to continue the talks. violence has split people in libya. since the regime was forced out of power rival brigades have defied the state's authority. the chaos has been worse by groups like i.s.i.l. stepping into an already crowded battle grounds. victoria gatenby, al jazeera. the threat posed by i.s.i.l. to targets of so-called revenge attacks. and advice from pope francis to russian president vladimir putin concerning ukraine.
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>> in context tonight an unintended consequence of the fight against i.s.i.l. a new report by amnesty international, two separate attacks on sunni villages were carried out in retaliation for deadly attacks against i.s.i.l. a yazidi, in revenge attack in sinjar nineva province. around the same time shia militia who had already been targeted by i.s.i.l carried out another raid in a village in dyalla province. the two incidents headlight on a growing sectarian divide in
iraq. in some cases the militias are more powerful than the iraqi army. she joined us from london. i asked her how civilians are coping with the groups. >> the civilian population has been targeted massively first and foremost by i.s.i.s. groups but also by other actors. shia militias, government forces and it should be emphasized that the shia militias are extremely powerful, way more so than government forces. and other actors are also coming on the scene as having been subjected themselves to abuses, and then horrible, horrible violations by i.s.i.s one thing to take revenge. so iraq has really gone back to a very dark place. >> and we do know that i.s.i.l. has somewhat argued genocidal
tendencies are ethnic cleansing with the shia publishes yas with the yazidi militias. are they conducting ethnic cleansing? >> first of all, i don't think we can compare what the action of the yazidi militia which is a small force that is operating in a very local level in the sinjar region and they have attacked some arab villages and what they have done is obviously a cause of concern. but it is nowhere near the scale of the abuses that have been committed by shia militias for many months. the shia blish yas militias are obviously the most powerful fighting the i.s.i.l. and they are advancing
a sectarian agenda. they have been successful at moving sunni communities by denying them access to the areas that they have recaptured. so in some way making demographic changes. >> it would appear that the iraqi government would have some sway some influence over the shia militias. are they unwilling to rein them in or unable to? >> i think it has become a combination of both. we saw the shia militia grow in power enormously under the prime minister nouri al-maliki. and i think at the moment we can say that it is a combination of lack of political will and lack
of politicians with the vision that this 61 needs to get out country needs to get out of the human rights and humanitarian crisis. >> final question, with the lack of the political will that you talk about is there anything that the outsiders can do? >> there is a lot the international community can do. they can learn from the mistakes of the past. we are seeing the united states, the united kingdom and other countries who are participating in the international coalition fighting i.s.i.s cooperating in one way or another with the publish jas on themilitias on the ground. that shows a lack of foresight. when you see the torses forces that can carry out abuses with the
in our american minute. answering questions from lawmakers engineer brendan p bostian was not using his cell phone to text or make calls at the time of the accident. 8 people died, more than 200 injured. the hunt for two inmates who escaped from a new york prison has expanded to neighboring vermont. authorities are no closer to finding them despite hundreds of leads. the two men discussed going to a camp in vermont. squeezing through a system pipe cutting through walls. and the l.a. city council gave final approval to a minimum wage like of $15 an hour from $9. it will go into effect in the next five years. it is largest american city to do so following similar be
increases in seattle and san francisco. increased fighting in czar fur and a worsening humanitarian worse -- darfur and a worsening humanitarian situation. omar al bashir, syrian conflict costed dplaised 2.5 million people. in 2006, a combined united nations and be nato peace keeping force. james bays has the story. >> the situation in czar sphur are certainlyczardarfur,. >> already
been reduced just 15,000 troops and police to patrol a territory the size of france. on the security council one deputy be told me ooun unamid was the most dysfunctional others want a more focused approach doing something better. >> now is not the time for unamid to withdraw. we see a role in it mediatings a conflict but any other tasks we want to have it reduce so it can focus on that core role. >> omar al bashir indicted in
2009 on war crimes charges related to darfur has said in the past he wants unamid out of his country. when i asked him about the problems he faces. >> we can leave darfur in a year if the government has the necessary conditions to make that possible. and those conditions have to do with the securities, the ability to go back home without fearing that there they may be attacked or something. we also need to have engage and encourage governments to address the root causes for being the problems. >> the relationship between government of sudan and the u.n. is a recent situation where a ethiopian peace keeper to be evacuated, the request was denied and he died. when you speak to people away from the cameras u.n. officials
will tell you privately that the actions of sudan one of the reasons be unamid is not working. when you talk to the security council some will tell you that if unamid continues to fame, then u.n. should withdraw, but sudan has made it clear that's what it wants to happen. james bays, al jazeera unity nations. >> mr.istmr.istmr. ismael how dire is the situation on the ground? >> 78,000 by the numbers of united nations and there are other reports from osha another united nations agent that said 130,000 were displaced.
this violence is continuing, not abating at all and unamid is no better because unamid came under attack from different factions in darfur. the be be be not going to resolve the issues peacefully as the united nations and the people of darfur hope. >> the u.n. secretary-general and the head of the peace keeping forces are both suggest a draw down. is that the right solution? >> i don't think it is the right solution. a draw down from a place that is already suffering from violence, and with an organization that is unamid that is not doing its job properly to protect and provide services to the needy people, it is the main source of violence, with the indiscriminate
bombardment and using the globally unpermitted weapons like cluster bombs and other very heavy weaponry i don't think the draw down is going to work i think it is going to encourage more people, in the places where the u.n. is going to withdraw is going to encourage more violence i think. >> six or seven years ago everybody spoke about your project, the enough project very few people are talking about darfur. did people just forget about you? what happened? >> yes people forgot because there are many other issues that are taking you know priority. in the news bulletins, in the policy corridors around the world. so that is why the issue of
darfur fell off the radar screen. but thanks to people like you and others, we are seeing that the situation in darfur is back in the news because the situation on the ground is horrible. the violence from the government the ethnic conflicts that are fueled again by the intervention of the government and the targeting of the civilians not only in the region of darfur, in sudan targeted by about 40 students in the country were attacked and some died, severely injured some darfurians lost their lives because they were active in the youth movement in sudan starting from towns like miala and al fashir and elsewhere. sudan a country at war within itself.
>> you say -- sorry to interrupt you, when you say sudan a country you know within itself and then you see sudan joining the saudi led coalition in yemen, to restore the legitimacy of the government there how does that make you feel? >> it is a laughable matter. and you should see the social media in sudan and how the sudanese are coming to, those guys who were not able to control the situation and bring back stability and paste to their own country are going to do this in other countries. the reason they are doing that, they want to be in the good books of saudi arabia and other arab countries. so they help in the situation in yemen, while they themselves need help to control their own country. >> omar ismael thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you. >> the international red cross says the number of people at
risk of starvation in south sudan is rising. fighting in the past few weeks have displaced more than 100,000 people and aid workers say more than four and a half million people are facing food insecurity up from 2.5 million in january. we'll speak from a representative of world vision about the extent of the humanitarian crisis. on our off the record segment we'll see how this is affecting the economy. catherine soy reports. >> water bottling company at some of the industries hardest hit by the dollar crunch in south sudan. many companies like this one depend on american raw materials. >> if we don't get dollars at a good rate to clear the containers then we will also be
forced to stop operations. >> reporter: because of the fall in global oil prices and the conflict that started in 2013 oil production fields are low, oil is the only foreign exchange for country. this is what makes the plastic the plastic is then blown up to bottle size. but the granules must be imported and this means dollars and they can't get dollars from the bank and the black market rate is too high. when we visited this factory in march it was running but with huge overhead costs. now the machines have gone quiet. people have lost their jobs. >> half we were supplying right now we cannot even afford to do anything. >> reporter: one needs of letter of credit from the government to access dollars from the bank at a reasonable rate but those are difficult to come by. the black market is thriving and trading at roughly four times
the official rate. >> government must be very concerned now. what we know government must be depending so much on the borrowing from the central bank. and this would be at a very high cost so we willing see a very huge inflation. >> many people are saying south sudan'southsudan' economy is ton verge of collapse. but others deny that. >> anybody who says the economy is about to collapse is witching bad. >> but times are tough for almost everyone in the city. this woman's living cost has more than doubled in the last few months. many people here as the conflict ends things will get better. the leaders are set to resume peace negotiations after previous talks collapsed. she like many others remains
cautiously optimistic. catherine soy, al jazeera juba south sudan. free trade zone stretching from cairo to south sudan. the pact accountst culmination of five years of talks to help ease the movement of goods for 600 million people who will be impacted by this deal. the deal must still be ratified by national parliaments within two years. >> egyptian police say they foiled an attack in the ancient city near luxor. , an attacker was shot dead, two locals were wounded in the attack. officials call it an attempt to derail the country's vital tourism industry. the tunisian coast guard
says it has rescued a boat of migrants bound for italy. mostly from africa trying to reach the italian island of lampedusa. conflicts in north africa and middle east has caused the ds knowledgecrisis. nazanine moshiri reports. >> many of them are from subsaharan africa, some are from syria, morocco and tunisia. we understand in the past six months the tunisian coast guard have regulation cued thousands rescued thousands in a similar way. west africans cyril and gambia
will have to be sent home. now they can claim asigh legal in tunisia tunisia does not have the jobs or resources to look after them but they may well attempt to get back to libya through the desert and try to make another attempt of that perilous journey to italy. >> that was nazanine mosh moshiri in tunisian capital. hundreds of people in germany held white roizs roses as the hearseshearses passed by.
after co-pilot be >> park says she will stay home to help take care of public safety. meanwhile south korean police have arrested nine people who allegedly reveeltd mers patient revealed mers patient information or falts falsely falsely distributed mers information. pope francis gives representation to vladimir putin at the vatican. vatican.
. >> this is what's left of the hospital >> is a crime that's under reported... >> what do you think... >> we're making history right now... >> al jazeera america >> the pope today announced the creation of a new church tribunal to investigate catholic bishops accused of failing to prevent child sexual abuse or covering it up. victims advocates have been calling for the bishops to be
held account annal for years. but not all victims are satisfied, barbara blayne had this to say about today's announcement. >> there shouldn't be investigations within the church. we are talking about criminal actions here. >> blaibs blayne sayblayne says she and others still suffer from emotional scars of their victimization. >> on the heels of the latest g7 snub the holy grail of photo ops. russian president vladimir putin enjoying an audience with pope francis. >> he essentially cancelled out the fact that he was cut out of g7 because it's just a name cloud, who cares now he's meeting with the pope and they're deciding the world's
fate that's what's more important. >> like the crisis in ukraine where the pope has tread an tread an agnostic line. putin and the pope are on the same page when it comes to protecting christian communities in the middle east against slaughter by i.s.i.l. and other armed groups. >> he does present himself as a defender of christian faith and some ways regardless what kind of christian faith it is. >> which plays well to putin's base the russian orthodox church which stepped in after the fall of russian communism. be styling himself as a defender of russian fundamentalism. his close ties with russian orthodox leaders whose opulent
lifestyle has drawn fire from the russian opposition. most famously, punk performance artist pussy riot. members put on trial and jailed. it is not just putin who is hoping to gain some positive pr, pope francis a goal he's more likely to reach if he doesn't chastise the russian orthodox church's most powerful layman. patricia sabga is al jazeera. >> in typical fashion president putin arrived an hour late, he has kept many late, including 800german be prime chancellor angela
merkel. russian backed forces in eastern ukraine. >> in washington today cuba installed a flag pole at its diplomatic headquarters. for now it remains the cuban intersection symbolic statement on strengthening ties between the u.s. and cuba. the site is likely to become the first cuban embassy in the last five decades. no flag will fly until they decide to officially restore diplomatic relations. why posing in the nude will turn out to be a bad idea. and the love affair with
>> after six weeks of fighting >> you must make you're voice be heard... >> struggling >> it's very scary... >> dreaming >> we're actually working on that as we speak... >> where are they now? >> nothing was given too us, we had to earn everything... >> see how it all ends.. >> all of the other families they give us hope... >> i know that keeps me going... >> we just have to keep doing what we have to do... >> an honest look at the american dream... >> this definitely gave me an opportunity to grow up... >> you just don't give up... >> hard earned reunion only on al jazeera america
>> a group of tourists who posed for a nude photo in malaysia have been charged with indecent exposure and some of them are accused of causing an earthquake. they allegedly stripped down for a photo shoot on mount kinabu, and the area around them was stricken by a 6.0 earthquake. be police are looking for more suspects. >> you can see five or so people who are naked we have now detained four of them. we wick look at who else are involved and if we catch them we will punish them.
our global view sejt, how news outlets are reacting to recent events. >> being headline reads, south africa officers are twice as lethal as those in the u.s. where brutality cases are coming to light. six times more likely to die on the job. the gulf news from the united arab emirates, i.s.i.l. fighter with a gun aimed at an iraqi soldier and president obama with his back turned. the title says, iraqi needs more active help from its allies. open russia world shows vladimir putin shaking hands with pope francis, with the caption, "holy father, i forgive your sins.
pope francis with welcomed putin to be the vatican today. fifa secretary general says beginning the congress during the current scandal would be nonsense. he authorized a $10 million transfer that is at the heart of the scandal he did nothing wrong. more than 250 pair of shoes are about to go on display. stretching back 2,000 years. jessica baldwin reports. >> it's a dazzling display of shoes and the pain and pleasure they give. the first century egyptian gold leaf symbol kicks off there's plenty of gold. >> shoes seems to have been part of our obsession for 2,000 years at least. ..shoes are important to show off the wearer's status.
their identity, their place in society. >> these 19th century slippers worn by an indian aift aristocrat. shoes have their place in plenty of fairy tales. they have a mythic quality not like coats and sweaters. unlike other wear, they have the ability to transform you they can make you taller, they can make you faster. if they're really uncomfortable they can make you slower. these didn't slow down david beckham, and never before seen prada golf shoes. 19th century japanese wore 20
centimeter heels. they needed attendants to walk stairs. unimaginable shapes and sizes. the intricate process required to make shoes are explained. from design to finished product. but that's all changing with the advent of 3d printed shoes and a cantilevered shoe without a heel pushing the modern be design of plain and pleasure. jessica baldwin, al jazeera london. >> be music lovers are mourning the death of james luis. the 86-year-old band leader and composer died in his home in palm beach florida. known for his signature happy sound, sold millions of records during hi 50 year musical
career. a public service will be held in hamburg in coming weeks. that's it for the international news i'm imran garda good night, "america tonight" is next, stay with us. with us. >> on "america tonight," to tell the truth. the tussle in a texas yard exposes the warning many parents feel forced to give your kids. be your best behavior may not be good enough. >> watch out because i would be looked at in a certain way. i haven't really caught onto that until this year when i was actually stopped by a police officer. >> "america tonight's" shoig on sarah hoye on black kids t