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tv   News  Al Jazeera  June 26, 2015 1:00am-1:31am EDT

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> a long-awaited report blames south african police for the marikana mine massacre. hello, i'll darren jordan. you're watching al jazeera live from doha. also on the programme - greece is days away from defaulting. debt talks end in deadlike as indonesia's mt sinabung rumbles to life, thousands are evacuated
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after three years of waiting, a report into the death of 34 miners at the marikana mines said police tactics were defective. they were harsh words for the mine owners and the unions. everyone got a share of the blame except the government. a report says a police plan to break up the fight was defective. they were wrong to go ahead with it. it's recommending an investigation to find out if the police should be prosecuted. the commission blames the mining company and the unions for failing to respond to the threat of violence. it says accusations against south africa, are groundless. -- south africa's president are groundless. he was on the board at the time of the attack and accused of using his influence to trigger police action. we have more. >> reporter: a horrendous tragedy that has no place in a democracy. those are the words of south african president jacob zuma when describing the deaths of
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34 striking miners in marikana three years ago. it's taken that long to determine who is responsible for their deaths. a commission of inquiry set up by zuma lays the blame at the feet of police, opening fire on workers. it says there was lack of command and control by police. >> the commission found that the police operation should not have taken place. on the citizens. because of the defects in the plan. the commission has found that it would have been impossible to disarm and disperse the strikers without significant bloodshed. on the afternoon.
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>> the commission wants the police chief investigated to determine to see if she's fit to hold office. one of the miners injured was lucky to be alive. he was shot eight times and says the investigation is not enough. >> what is important is that if you have wronged someone even taken a life. even though one cannot buy life, you need to confess and ask for forgiveness. they are still making our life miserable. >> this woman's husband was killed. she works and lives at the mine. to pay her bills. she says the reminders of how a husband were killed were unbearable. >> this is affecting our mines because we know that it's police that cause the problems. >> when you look at the videos, it's clear that it is them who killed people. >> mine bosses and unions have not escaped criticism, and there
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continues to be concern around workers' living conditions and the roll the unions played in provoking unrest. now the report is out, the families of those killed are preparing to make civil claims, but they know it will never bring their loved ones back. the clock is counting down on a greek default after debt talks ended in deadlock. greek prime minister alexis tsipras will meet european leaders on saturday if they fail to thrash out an agreement, greece will struggle to make a 1.7 billion payment to creditors. the greek prime minister is optimistic. >> european history is full of disagreement negotiations, and compromises. so after the extensive proposal -- comprehensive proposals i'm confident we will reach an agreement
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in the greek capital athens thousands took to the street demanding the government make no further recessions. european leaders receive a deal the greek people received the effect of the economy. this country is on the edge of a cliff. in a working class neighbourhood of athens. the replies are wary and even defiant. >> translation: it doesn't matter to us, the drachma or euro, it makes no difference. we never had much, we are not going to have much. >> translation: you got your here too soon, come back later and you'll see people rifling through the dust bin to pick up the food that we throw out. >> reporter: no signs of panic outside the banks in central athens. their balance sheets are looking alarming.
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greek banks are in a critical condition. in recent days nervous depositors have taken out billions of euros, and the banks rely on the store of the central bank. the greening debt crisis dragged on for five years. it's the condition of the country's banks that make the needs for a solution urgent. just a trickle of people at the cash machines. mind you, cynics say clever investors took their money out long ago. there are the greeks with no savings anyway - like the kostaki family. maria is a widow with diabetes, her daughter is unemployed, and so is her husband and two grown up children. the entire family lives off maria's pension. half of all greek households rely on pensions to make ends meet. >> translation: if it wasn't for
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my mother i wouldn't be alive now. i would have put an end to it so i'm not a burden. do these people care about me, do they come to my house to see what i'm going through. i don't want to go out and beg. i have never done that. i have dignity. >> it's a metaphor for a humiliated nation. greeks do have dignity, but little else to negotiate with. a unique culture under europe's migrant crisis is on the agenda in brussels. they announced a scheme to speed up migrants arriving. these are often the first destinations for those making a journey. other e.u. members have been accused of not doing their part.
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>> translation: today agreements say something simple. those that arrive in italy and have a right to asylum must be welcomed in the country they ask. -- arrive. this is a principle according to me is wrong. thinking that one country can handle such problems without considering we are dealing with europe's borders is a political mistake. fighters in syria launched an offensive on government-held parts of a city of deraa, taking control of regime checkpoints on the outskirts of the city. the syrian government has been dropping barrel bombs in the area. dozens have been killed. i.s.i.l. fighters attacked the syrian town of kobane six months after they were drip out by kurdish forces. it was part of a 2-pronged assault in which dozens were killed. i.s.i.l. attacked government-held areas in the north-east of syria in iraq the number of people displaced by i.s.i.l. topped 3 million, a counteroffensive against the group is pushing more people from their homes. with i.s.i.l. controlling almost
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all of iraq's biggest province there's few options for those trying to leave. jane arraf reports on what is the only way out. >> it's a few meters across the bridge. for most who cross it a painful journey. on one side is anbar. a sunni province that is i.s.i.l.'s biggest stronghold in iraq. on the ordinary side are the outskirts of baghdad. this woman and her family left ballujah. they are heading further to the kurdish region. >> translation: they were ready to attack fallujah. they aimed missiles at fallujah. everyone was leaving. >> reporter: she said there are no doctors left. there is no electricity or government services either. despite the risk and hardship of staying the decision to love is
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almost as difficult. iraqi security leaders worry that i.s.i.l. fighters will infiltrate baghdad, 10km from here. to get to baghdad those escaping anbar need someone in the capital to vouch for them. >> i.s.i.l. controls 80% of the province and the major highways. this bridge has become a life line between anbar and the rest of the country, and the only way out for many families trying to escape the expected fighting. >> for security cars and trucks are not allowed to cross the bridge without special permission. this crossing is the only route left to eastern anbar. everything comes across by cart. this man had to leave his car behind. he lost more than that. the tent collapsed two months ago, killing his young daughter. >> a storm came up at 10:30.
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we felt the bars of the tent falling. there were six of us, four survived, my two-year-old died and 4-year-old had a run fired intestine and a broken hit. -- hip. >> many will try their luck in turkey or other countries. there's traffic going back to anbar, including some returning for the final time. >> a year ago few people set foot on the bridge. tens of thousands of iraqis walked across it each step taking them further and further from their homes. french riot police fault with taxi drivers protesting at rival cab company uber. drivers blocked streets, as well as the two main airports. neve barker is in paris.
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>> paris metro is busier. a major strike by the city's official taxi drivers coming out in force, blocking a busy intersection in the heart of the city. they are angry with pre-order-pre paid taxi companies like uber that they feel are takign their jobs. some cars have born borne the brunt of anger. there has been suspensions that the taxies have been preorder. upturned and smashed. >> translation: uber has no business. maybe in the united states it's okay. in france we have regulations up to here. >> reporter: police are here on standby for further signs of trouble. there are concerns from the g.s.t. that there'll be a hapt performance of what was seen in calais when french
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ferry workers held a strike they were worried about proposed job cuts. the onus is on the government - whether or not they make concessions to the strike g transport workers, or run the risk of transport chaos in the heart of paris. more to come on al jazeera. irn cluing - burundi's government says people have nothing to fear after a high-profile leader flees. why are they looking for help at the u.s. embassy a labour of love in the philippines, these colourful maps are a way out of conflict. stay with us. >> bold... >> he took two m-16's, and he crawled... >> brave... >> what you gotta do... >> then betrayed... >> why do you think you didn't get the medal of honor? >> a lifetime without the honor they deserved... >> some say that it was discrimination... >> revealing the long painful fight, to recognize
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some of america's bravest... >> he say.. be cool... >> ...proudest moment in my life.. >> honor delayed
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welcome back a quick reminder of the top stories. in south africa, a report into the death of 34 miners at the marikana mine says a police plan to break up the strike was detective and is recommending an investigation to see if the police should be prosecuted talks between greece and creditors. greece could default on a 1.7 billion payment due next week. i.s.i.l. fighters attacked kobane six months after they were driven out by kurdish forces as part of a 2-pronged assault in which dozens were killed. i.s.i.l. attacked government-held areas in hasaka now, myanmar's military blocked constitutional changes that could have allowed aung san suy kyi to become president.
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constitutional reforms require 75% majority in parliament. because the military controls a quarter of the seats, they blocked that change. it's disappointing that those that want control over the country. >> we go to myanmar on skype, adam cooper should we be surprised that the reforms didn't get the support or the necessary support in parliament? the junta was never going to allow aung san suy kyi run for president, were they. >> i think the outcome was to be expected. what we have seen in the past few years is the military opening up a limited amount of space for a democratic reform process to begin. the timing of that process, and sharp limits have been set on it. the prospect of large-scale
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constitutional reform that would allow aung san suy kyi to become president is something that is too harsh, too soon. we will not rule out the possibility of reform in the future, after the election under a new government. i think any changes before that are unlikely. >> where does this leave aung san suy kyi. she is campaigning for her party. has this undermined her politically, do you think is this. >> i think she's hoped the change would happen but is prepared for a situation in which she is not allowed to become president. a lot hinges on the election which is tentatively scheduled for november this year. we are hoping that that election will be more free and fair than that of 2010 where there was a number of cases of rigging. if it is and the international observers are present, that election has a good chance of
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bringing potentially in the country. there's a good chaps this that scenario that if aung san suy kyi becomes president. she'll be a kingmaker of sorts, and will fundamentally shape the outcome of the next government. including who will be the president. it's a blow in the short term. it doesn't mean the democratic processes ended, nor that the ambitions will be thwarted. >> what about ordinary peel in myanmar -- people in myanmar, what are their hopes for reform. what are they hoping for? >> i think everywhere is looking for a change in the standard of living, and political stability. the mlt used the cout come of the vote to -- the outcome of the vote to reinforce the message that they are a party of change, and only they will be
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able to deliver on the expectations of ordinarily people and the ruling party represents the past. i think that message will resonate with a number of local people. which means chances at the elections are probably good. what happens when they get in power, in terms of implementing the quality promises is another matter now, ash from a rumbling volcano in indonesia fell on the capital nearly 100km away. mt sinabung has ruptured for weeks. stephanie dekker and her team witnessed winner understandings first hand. >> the army came to some of the villages outside the danger zone to hand people living here masks. these masks are supposed to protect them from the air. it was thick with ash, hard to
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breath. you won't see it. if you look down the areas, it is usually beautiful, lush, green. everything was turned a sandy dull colour. as we interviewed a military commander something seems to happen. it was quite an intimidating sight. so we decided to leave the area. there has been a big eruption of the volcano. we were talking to people in a village up the road. we are driving to get away with it. it's scary seeing the cloud moving towards you. it moves fast and highlights the power of mother nature and makes you realise there's nothing to do but to try and get out of its way as fast as you can. over 10,000 people have been evacuated from their homes. no one knows when mt sinabung will go back to sleep
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rwanda's intelligence chief has been released on bail after appearing before a london court. emmanuel karenzi karake was arrested at heath roe airport by british police acting on a european warrant. he was wanted by spain in relation to war crimes. his lawyer say the charges are politically motivated. one of boourn's two -- burundi's two vice presidents has fled the country and is in belgium. he says he fears for his life after criticizing pierre nkurunziza for running for a third term. we have this report from the capital. >> another grenade attack in the capital before parliamentary elections next week. unlike last week when police officers were injured, these weren't. >> the grenades were thrown into the street from a car driving
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past. we heard a loud explosion. it was terrible. >> the government appealed for calm. some feel one thing can end the unrest. >> the only way to stop the attacks is if leaders from government and the opposition talk and agree to stop this. >> in a sign things could get worse as voters head to the polls, the second vice president has fled to belgium. saying he fears for his life because he criticized the president's unconstitutional bid for a third term. >> he has no longer able to bear the attitude of the republic. his will to lead the people and as everyone knows well since he launched a candidacy to run for mandate, forbidden by the constitution, a crisis what is caused. it could have been kepted by those close to him and the international community.
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>> the government insists people have nothing to worry about. university students that took part in the process sought protection at the u.s. embassy when police tried to arrest them for trying to overthrow the government. the police are prohibited from entering the embassy, instead they confiscated its left behind. some could not get in the u.s. embassy. officials closed the gates. students were locked outside. they say they have nowhere to go. many don't want faces shown, afraid families could be victimized and don't know how they'll survive the night without blankets and other essentials. security has been increased in several parts of the center. the days and weeks could be difficult. >> reporter: the latest round of talks on a nuclear programme is due to start in vienna in a few hours time.
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western powers in iran are trying to broker a deal. secretary of state john kerry is hopeful a june 30th deadline can be met. israel's prime minister has been campaigning against a deal. >> it's not too late to achieve a good agreement. better to have no deal than a bad deal. whatever happens, israel will defend itself. >> a flotilla of ships broke through. activists on board are hoping to take supplies there. u.s. president obama scored a major victory in the fight to get his health care reform implemented. the u.s. supreme court upheld tax subsidies. here is andrea fischbacher. -- alan fisher. >> president obama wanted a win, and he go it.
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by a majority of 6-3, the court said the federal government would supply tax subsidies to those that signed up. if it had gone the other way, 6.4 people would face higher costs. the affordable care act is here to stay. this morning, the court upheld part of the critical law. >> if the partisan challenge had succeeded, millions would have had millions taken from them. >> reporter: the supreme court stopped the signature domestic policy being gutted
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and pulled apart. >> republicans say the decision is wrong, expensive and damaging to america. >> it's raising for american families, it's raising costs for small businesses, and it's fundamentally broken, and we are going to continue our efforts to do everything we can to put the american people in charge of health care, and not the government. >> reporter: the republicans fried several times to pull obama care apart. they are promising something to replace it, but are not revealing details. a key part of the obama legacy is in place. and untouched the first funerals have been held for victims of the charleston church shooting in south carolina. worshipper ethyl and an assistant pastor were among nine killed. dylann roof, a self-confessed white supremist has been charged with their murders.
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. >> in the southern philippines, they have suffered armed rebellion for 40 years. over 150,000 have been killed millions displaced. in the final part of our series we have a report on how on old tradition is giving women a chance. >> reporter: they say there's more here than war. it is home to one of the biggest indigenous crimes in the southern philippines. this woman has been a weaver all her life a skill he learnt. she is raising four children making less then $20 a month. >> translation: this is all right. life is not great. between household chores and a small income i'm happy. we do the best we can. she is teacher her daughter to weave. not erp is keeping up the tradition. the weaving is a century's old
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tradition. it is one that is dying out. skills are not taught but weavers lacked financial capacity to continue. a 3-meter long mat takes 2 months to make. the patterns are create individually. made from pineapple and other fabrics, they are died using tree bark and herbal extracts. >> materials are expensive. there's a few weavers and buyers. here, the fabrics are expensive so not a lot of people buying. you are looking at ways to market it. luckily we have people to help us in the industry. >> reporter: local merchants invested to cope the industry alive. the value is behind many. weaving is a refuge.
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weaving helped the wounds to heel. the stories of their land and you can keep up to date with all the news on the website. there assist on the screen. on target - saved by the court. obama care survives, but there's still flaws and critics stinging allegations - scientists try to solve the mass death of bees, say they've been censored by the u.s. government. the united states supreme court handed a major victory to president obama by upholding a