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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 2, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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be their last chance? >> i have to do my 100 percent best so i don't end up in a place like this again. egypt approves tougher security laws off a major attack in sinai. the muslim brotherhood calls for a revolt. ♪ ♪ welcome to al jazerra aim sami zeidan in doha. also ahead european leaders rule out any further dealt negotiation with his greece before a referendum plan today sunday. the iaea chief meets top lead nurse teheran as negotiations continue for a deal on try iran's nuke lack program. and a look at the life and times of audrey hepburn.
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♪ ♪ egypt's muslim brotherhood is calling for an all-out revolt against the government after the cabinet approved a new set of security laws following days of violence. 13 muslim brotherhood leaders were killed in a cairo apartment by security force on his wednesday, the government says their forces had come under attack, but their families say the muslim brotherhood members were you were armed and taken in to custody earlier in the day. meanwhile the egyptian army says it's now in control the eye nigh peninsula. the military was targeted in a wave of quart nate ahead tacks that left more than 100 people dead. tuesday president sisi promised tough new security measures after attending the funeral of egypt's chief prosecutor. the prosecutor had been killed in a car bomb a day earlier it's the first assassination of a top
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public official in egypt in decades. what exactly are the new security measures? the new law broadens the definition of terrorism giving prosecutors the right to wire tap and record private conversations online and on the fine. the law mandates the death penalty or life in prison for anyone who leads runs, or funds a designated terrorist organization. the new measures also call for five-year prison terms for anyone found guilty of promoting the use of violence through social media and finally absolves the security forces from legal rep cushions for violence while putting the law in to practice. a senior lecture you are in the study of islam and the muslim world at kings college in london, joining me now live from the british capital. good to have you with us. you know, in the con ticket of a country where they have a judiciary issuing mass death sentences after trials lasting only a few minutes in, that context what does a law like this likely mean for human
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rights? >> in terms of human rights this is a worrying development on the back grants of the blank death sentences that are passed. on the other hand, from the perspective of the current government they feel probably they have no other option. they have been in power since 2013 but they continue to be confronted with these constant flare ups of politically motivated violence both in egypt itself but recently and more worryingly the flare up in the sinai desert which is strategically very importantly positioned towards the gaza strip, israel and the wider middle east and there are clear indications that the government is struggling in establishing. [ inaudible ] opening the expecting opened of the second suez canal this summer, it is in all the interest of sisi's
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government, of course, to demonstrate that they are fully in control. and these kind of measures, of course are there to provide in the eyes. government the security and intelligence forces with the required tools to do that. >> but is it working though? we have seen clamp down after clamp down and stability doesn't seem to be coming. >> indeed, that is, of course, the worrying part of these kind of clamp downs is that this do not really stamp out dissatisfaction and the resistence against the government in egypt. in terms of the integrity. political integrity of egypt and a long side that you have another manifestation of political islam in the sinai desert where an organization that used to be seen as a local phenomenon has decided to swear allegiance to the i.s. caliphate in syria and iraq and there by
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actually expanding the threat levels. this is, of course, something that the government is really struggling with in dealing and it's also very unwelcome distraction of the major economic concerns that plague this government and creating stability through economic development. they simply don't gather around addressing these pressing issues because one way or the other the could you are at this situation remains very precarious. >> in those sorts of conditions which you are describe, do you think the muslim brotherhood call for revolutionaries to bring down the government? do you think that will resonate on the egyptian street in. >> i am not too convinced of that. it's not surprising the muslim brotherhood issued that statement today. it's this week, two years ago that president morsi was out of theed from power. but also we have had that incidents yesterday so it's
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also, of course, a reaction and emotional against that very america i situation that came out in the open yesterday, these statements are not surprising but we have seen that there is sustained support for the plus lick brotherhood in broad sections of the egyptian society. the organization is legalist because all the key figure are in government custody and will make it very difficult for the muslim brotherhood to come up with any kind of coordinated resystems. >> all right thanks for that. european finance ministers have rejected talks on a new bailout for greece until after a national referendum on sunday, greeks will vote on whether to accept or reject a range of spending cuts and tax hikes which creditors recommended. saying the referendum should help to resolve this agreement. >> you know, we have received so many latest offers, which
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themselves have been value gated, invalidated. changed, amended over the last few days that it's quite uncertain exactly where the latest proposal stands. i think that, you know, a major decision was made last friday to interrupt the negotiations on the part of greece. when it decided to launch a referendum. this coming sunday. i think there is a democratic process that is underway and that should result in hopefully more clarity lesson certainty as to what is the determination of the greek people. and what is the authority of the government. >> barnaby phillips has this update from athens. >> reporter: europe's leaders have made it clear that they won't deal with the greek government now until after the
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referendum. there is no trust and negotiations have come to a standstill. it's an open secret that the majority of europe's leaders hope this process will result in a yes vote and the overthrow of the government, the resignation of elect sit tsipras, i don't know if they'll get their wish or not. public opinion in this country is split. and the political mood is very volatile. an opinion poll came out on thursday morning showing a narrow lead to the yes vote. but alexis tsipras and his government will be campaigning hard over the next 48 hours trying to convince the greek people to vote no. meanwhile on thursday morning long queues of pensioners again at greek banks, these are, of course, the old people who don't necessarily have bank cards and don't forget, what an emotive issue pensions and pensioners as a group are in the context of the whole greek crisis, these
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aren't the kind of images that the greek government would have wanted to you have seen on your tv screens in the days before such an important referendum. at least 34 people have died after a ferry capsize ed in the philippines. it happened about a local ter off the coast. the coast guard says there were 173 people on board most have been rescued. survivors are being treat ed in hospital, 21 people are still missing, though. an afghan appeals court has quashed the death sentences given to four men for their part in the mob killing of a young woman in march. she was attacked at an us lack i can shrine after being falsely accused of burning a copy of the koran, she was stone today death, her both i run over by a car and then set on fire. four men will now serve 20 years in prison and the manager of the shrine has been acquitted. negotiations are underway to try to reach a deal in the long-running iran nuclear talks. the head of the international a
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to him i believeatomic energy agency is meeting in teheran. world leaders are due to join the talks in vienna to hammer out a final deal. our diplomatic he had are editor james bays is live in vee an for us. james, there seems to be a lot of coming and going by world leaders and top officials, what does it all mean at this point? >> reporter: well, i think it means we are edging closer to a deal. but it's still by no means certain we are going to get a deal because there still are sticking points, i have been told for sometime that the plan was to try and get all of the problems together. all the areas that still have not been agreed and get foreign ministers to come here and try and work slowly through that list. and that, i think is why we are seeing more foreign ministers gathering here in vienna, arriving in the next few hours. we already have secretary of state john kerry here, and the iranian foreign minister and
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minister stein meyer from germany are already in place at the moment. but others will be joining them in the coming hours remember about 48 hours ago the foreign minister of russia, sergei love i don't have was here and each are coming to try to solve some of these problems that remain on this list. the difficulty is, sami it's not just getting a political agreement but getting all the details ironed out because what they have to come up with is not an interim agreement like the two agreements we have seen so far, this has to be a final lasting, binding deal that will last for an initial period of at the point years and then for i a period beyond that. and there must be no doubt about exactly what has been agreed. this is legal text that they are trying to write. that's why this is a long winded process and difficult process given the very difficult subject matter they have been dealing with. subject matter that people have been wrangler over for years and years. >> there must be some really
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specific points now given that the iaea chief is flying to teheran. what exactly is the problem that they are trying to overcome at this point? do we know? >> reporter: there are quite a few little details that must be dealt with and some of those are quite difficult what you are going to do on them. but the big issues have been, the issues of sanctions relief and exactly how that would work and exactly when would the sanctions be lifted and the u.n. security council resolution, we understand they are making some progress on how they would do the sequencing of that. that leaves a whole issue of inspections, and that is why the iaea are zone shall in this because when you get a deal the police force to make sure the deal being complied with are going to be iaea inspectors. and there are several issues that each side is worried about with regard to the iaea. certainly the international community is concerned they get
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proper access where they want to go in iran and that includes military sites iran is concerned about letting the iaea go to military sites across the country. and the other issue to do with the iaea is the fact that the iaea has unanswered questions about iran's nuclear program going back years how did iran actually get its nuclear installations going, where did it get all the components from and there are those that say if try iran won't come clean about the past how can you trust it in the future. james bays there in vienna. still to come in the show. united states investigation whether airlines are working together to keep the price of airairfares sky high and find out how somalia became an unlikely destination for footballers hoping develop professional skills.
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♪ ♪ welcome back. let's recap the headlines here on al jazerra now. egypt's muslim brotherhood is calling on people to revolt against the government as it approved a new set security laws following a series of attacks on military targets in the sigh that peninsula that killed more than 100 people on wednesday. the european finance minister have his rejected talks on i anew bailout for greece until after a national referendum on sunday, greeks will vote on whether to accept or reject a range of spending cuts and tax hikes recommended by creditors. negotiations continue in vee an to hammer out a final agreement on iran's nuclear program. the head of the international atomic energy agency is meeting
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with iranian officials in teheran, also expect today meet iranian president rouhani. syrian observatory human rights says more than 5,000 people have been killed in syria last month. it's the second highest monthly toll since the war began according to the activist group. 1500 civilians are said to have been killed around one in three were killed by air strikes. reported to be the latest target activists say dozens have been killed in residential areas. the u.n.'s world food program is warning badly-needed aid is not reaching people in yemen. it says the situation is particularly bad in the port city of aden where 11 ships are waiting to dock. the latest violence there has killed 18 people in a residential area. the conflict is affecting all parts of the country. now an explanation. >> reporter: this young girl is
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inconsolable. shocked by what's happened to the homes in her neighborhood. houses that ours ago were still standing. why did they do this she asks through her tears. in yemen devastation has become the norm. >> the situation in yemen is very critical. especially for children who are the most vulnerable groups. >> reporter: a collective trauma physical and emotional at that that grows by the day. >> we don't have any protection environment to live in. they feel scared. they feel really insecure. >> reporter: hundreds have died since the start of the fighting. some from wounds easily treatable if only they had had access to better healthcare. the crisis here says this nurse gets worse because of the fuel
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shortage, because children like this don't have access to transportation and can't get to the hospital when they need. in this shelter for the displaced, boys and girls recite the koran. praying for an end to a war that's brought more misery upon them. like the shortage of water in a country already running out of the precious resource. and a spike in child malnutrition rates for a population already without enough food. a situation so dire the u.n. warns yemen could be on the individual of a famine. the misery is difficult to see and hard to miss. the pain in their eyes is easy to recognize as bruises and burn on his their bodies. then there are the others, their youthful appearance hides a
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suffering no one their age should endure. mohamed, al jazerra. the you united states and cuba are set to open em bass is in each other's capitals neck month it's another major step in restoring diplomatic ties after more than 50 years. rosalind jordan reports. >> reporter: a very public act of diplomacy. the u.s.' representative in havana presents a letter to the interim foreign minister. and with that, washington restores diplomatic ties with cuba after more than 50 years. on state television, a presenter reads a letter from the president raul castro to u.s. president obama confirming the same. on july 20th its embassy in washington will be open for business, workers recently installed a new flagpole outside what's currently the cuban interest section. at the white house obama said all of this was long overdue.
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>> this is a historic step forward in our efforts to normalize relations with the cuban government and people and begin a new chapter with our neighbors in the americas. >> reporter: in the short-term, there will be increased business and personal travel between the two countries but the process of normalization will take much longer. the u.s. says cuba still has a poor human rights record and its frayed embargo on cuba can't be lifted without an act of congress. something the president will find very difficult to achieve. the move to restore ties between havana and washington has been years in the making, but there are many in congress who object. senator marco rubio the cuban american and a republican presidential candidate is threaten to go block the nomination of any ambassador to the island. and the largest cuban enclave in the u.s. people were of two mind on the situation. >> i never thought i was going to see this. i don't know what obama is thinking, the cuban people is going to benefit? right.
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give me a break. the cuban people is going to get nada. >> you can erase 55 years of whatever has happened which is very real, just because the united states and america -- and cuba have decided one day that they are going to open an embassy, that's not going to go away. but it is a good start for new beginnings. a turning points in diplomacy and perhaps mount lives of millions on both sides of the straights of florida. rosalind jordan, al jazerra, the state department in the u.s. department of justice says it's investigating whether u.s. airlines work together to keep airfares high. investigators have asked for information on seat numbers and booking details as patty culhane reports. >> reporter: the u.s. justice department has confirmed to al jazerra that in their words they are investigating possible unlawful coordination by some airlines. not giving very many details there but the associated press
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is reporting that the justice department is looking in to whether or not these airline companies started talking to each other in order to make sure there weren't very many seats and at that drives up the prices. what we believe is that a letter was sent to the major carriers from the justice department asking for records in all of their communications with each other, but also with wall straight analysts and big stock investigators, so they are starting the investigation should point out in the united states it is highly illegal for competitors to co lewd especially when it comes to increasing costs on consumers but, again, this seems to be very early on in the investigation and these kind of cases often take years before you find out if anybody did anything wrong. sir nicholas winton who reese cued 699 children destined for nazi concentration camps havecamps hasdied at one off sick, he was then aged 20 mine and arranged for trains to carry the children out of occupied praying. despite opposition from officials the children were brought to britain.
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sir nicholas didn't tell anyone what he had done for half a century. aaron is the executive director of the national center for jewish film which distributed the film nicholas winton the power of good. she explained more about his life. >> it's a fascinating story of a man who on his own at age 29 went to to praying sort of on a whim a friends invited him and saw the need for helping chirp who are orphaned or trying to get out right before the war in 1938, 1939. it was an un240e7b story until his wife, i understand, went in the attic one day and was cleaning and found a big trunk opened it up and in the trunk was a scrapbook where they had kept meticulous records and photographs even of the
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children. that they had saved in this rescue operation. and then it came to light. so it's really quite an extraordinary story of a man who did a fantastic deed. and it really was unknown for so many years. more than 20 foreign players are chasing their dreams in somalia's football league. at great risk to themselves. somalia is an unlikely football destination but it's frequently violent capital mogadishu is now attracting footballers from across the continent. now an explain why. >> reporter: they have come from as far away as nigeria and uganda to follow their dreams of flailing a professional league. these footballers are the star attraction of somalia's top league and they are loving it. >> for me football is just my life. it's what i have the fashion right from when i was indicate. so i just tell myself whatever football takes me to i am happy
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with. >> reporter: the foreign players are the best players in the league because they have more experience. they can take home as much as $500 a month which they say is more than what they earn back home. four have joined the team this season and club officials say its fortunate on his on the field have improved. >> translator: we are the first team to bring foreign players to so knowledge mooal i can't. they have raise the standard of our game and the level of our home players last year we won the league and this year finishing second in the league. >> reporter: these footballers say they enjoy playing in so somalia. but leaving here -- living here can be challenging armed guards keep watch and they also have to overcome the language barrier but that hasn't stopped them from coming and more are expected soon. which is whyal somali football association has put a limit on the number of for earn players a team can sign. >> translator: every team is allowed to register only four foreign players, this is to protection the local talent. we can't have a league made up of only foreign players.
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>> reporter: foreign players have added more excitement to the beautiful game for these fans, this is not just any football match it's the local derby these fans have been waiting for this game all season whichever team wins will have the bragging rights for the next year. for now, knew staff he mustafa and his teammates are celebrating their derby win. and they say they can't wait until the start of the next season. al jazerra mogadishu somalia. classic films such as breakfast at tiffanies and my fair lady made audrey hepburn a star. she was both the style icon and the u.n. ambassador. now london's national portrait gallery is paying rib ute to her with an exhibition looking back at her life. jessica baldwin went two a look. >> reporter: there are imitators but there is only one audrey hepburn. the elf en star who invented a style that remains fashionable more than 60 years on.
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her life on photographs is on show until september. there are the wonderful photographs of her in this show. more than 80 starting from a young child this belgium to on to the london stage and hollywood stardom. the show combines the inter natural with the iconic images reproduced in so many posters and photographs. >> it's a very touching exhibition. she would be very touched and honored to be, you know, at the national portrait gallery. she wouldn't believe to be here. >> reporter: audrey hepburn letter the netherlands for the bright lights of london's west end when she was just 19. a chorus girl and dancer who stood out from the rest even before she had a smart air cut and a significant style. it wasn't long before hollywood beckoned. >> all the things happen to them that you had always hoped for on the happiest day of your life. >> reporter: roam al holiday insured hepburn's status as a star and the highest paid
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actress at the time. >> so come along share their game and giddy holiday. >> reporter: advanced ticket sales for the show have been brisk. the magic continues. >> so many bloggers and they are all age 16 and 22 and they are all sort of discovering her and of course the whole generation that i am from who sort of remembers when the film came out and she has a trans-generational aappeal. >> reporter: despite her fame hepburn never succumb today becoming a diva. she have never late at ought film set and was polite to one and all. she focused that same professionalism in her final role as an ambassador for uncief. she visited sick and needy children in 20 countries over five years. giving up only when she discovered she had inoperable colon cancer. she died age 63. more than any other action tess she a endures, the figure in a black dress.
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wide-another fashion icon, the definitive audrey hepburn jessica baldwin, al jazerra london. you can get more on the style icon as well as all the other stories we are telling but if you head over to our website eights all there for you at updated around the clock. >> baltimore's sandtown neighborhood. the heart of west baltimore, and one of the city's poorest areas. this is where freddie gray grew up -- known to friends as pepper. >> why was his nickname pepper? >> i never heard of pepper being bad for nobody, salt is bad for you, salt will kill you. i never heard nobody dying from pepper, everybody loves pepper. and he was dark skinned, so.