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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 8, 2015 10:00am-10:31am EDT

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one year on from the war in gaza tens of thousands of palestinians are still in december desperate need. you are watching al jazeera lye from our headquarters in doha. also coming up china's stock market plunges after a surge of panic selling. the fear spreading to other markets. a show of support at the european parliament as the greek prime minister calls for a fair bailout deal. and we'll tell you why
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australia needs immigrants. ♪ it's one year since israel began its bombardment of gaza a war that went on for 50 days despite pledges to rebuild, an estimated hundred thousand people remain displaced. more than 10,000 were wounded in the bombardment. the u.n. says 75% of the victims were civilians. among the israeli victims 66 soldiers and five civilians were killed. the u.n. saying 89,000 homes were damaged. it will cost nearly a billion dollars to rebuild. people who lost their homes are living among the ruins or in temporary shelters. our correspondent spoke to one
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homeless man. >> reporter: this man hasn't climbed these steps in nearly a year. they used to lead into what was once a large home he shared with his extended family. now all that is left is rubble. he also lost much more than his house during last year's 50-day war. he also lost most of his family. these photos are all he has left of his wife three sons daughter in law, and grandson who were all killed in an israeli strike. he says for the past year he and the surviving members of his family have barely been able to make ends meet. and that hamas and fattah haven't done enough to improve things. >> translator: they are both too busy fighting each other than trying to help us. they only give money to themselves but not the needy
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people. >> reporter: international donors have pledged billions of dollars to rebuild gaza but israel's siege means badly needed construction materials haven't been allowed in. israel's continuing blockade of gaza means just one 1% of reconstruction material needed for gaza has been delivered. according to the united nations, the influx of goods is so slow that it could take up to 30 years to rebuild. >> which is why around 20,000 palestinians now live in temporary shelters like these. extended families often have to share just one room. as living conditions worsen many are becoming increasingly angry. >> people are suffering. that's why we have to do everything to help people.
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we have to do everything for example [ inaudible ] to give a chance for reconstruction. but as i said this is now the mission of hamas and fatah in order to work together and put all of the differences behind their back. >> reporter: that is small comfort to this man. at 80 years old, he is now the main guardian of his four young grandsons after their parents were killed. he kinds it difficult to worry about their futures when their lives now are so hard. chinese government -- the chinese government is scrambling to stop its main stock market from plunging. it closed down 5.9% on wednesday. pretty staggering one-day loss but it's just the tip of the iceberg. $3.2 trillion has been wiped off of the stock market in three weeks. that's almost a third of the market's value. in the past 12 months stocks
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rose 150% despite a struggling economy. the problem is that many investors have literally mortgaged their house to poor money into the market. chinese brokers have pledged an estimated $339 billion to traders. >> reporter: continuing for nearly four weeks, the shanghai index closed down nearly 60%. this ads to the nearly 30% the markets have seen in a selloff. something else we see continuing on wednesday and that is more companies are taking their stocks off of the market. they are not allowing them to be traded. the total number is about 1400. a few more hundred were taken off of the market today. the central government has reacted, and say that they will continue to be traded and the government has encouraged senior
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managers and large stockholders to continue to trade on the market. certain mechanisms put in place by the central government over the weekend, the market selloff is still continuing. >> tony ash explains how the slump in china will spill over to affect other economies. >> just today if you look at the markets in china, hong kong taiwan and japan about $730 billion was lost just today. so what does it mean? it has lost wealth. and i think the potential spillover effects of this are much greater than what is still in the headlines over the past weeks, which is greece. china is the second largest economy in the world, and it is the driver of northeast asia and greater asian economies. so if -- you know with this lost wealth in the stock market
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that means there's less liquidity in the system in china, and that means that people spend less money, and so that can have a real impact on not just asia but the states as well. this really does affect the global economy. >> well, the clock is ticking for greece. it has until sunday to convince international lenders to give it more money and save its economy from collapse. the prime minister is willing to compromise by saying he will introduce tax and pension reforms. they could come into effect as early as next week. he gave a speech calling for a fair deal from greece's creditors. >> translator: we demand an agreement with our neighbors, but one which gives us a sign that we are on a long lasting basis exiting from the crisis which will demonstrate to us that there is light at then of the tunnel an agreement which
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will bring about the credible and necessary reforms. but we have to recognize that over the past 5.5 years reforms have been put in place which have been a burden on what pensioners can take what employers can put up with that they can stand as well as ordinary citizens. >> john psaropoulos has more from athens. >> reporter: the greek side has submitted his letter to the intergovernmental distress fund that the greeks say they would like to fund their program for the next two years. greece has already graduated unsuccessfully from the previous program. that letter was meant to be submitted this morning. it is being done in collaboration with greece's creditors. it sets the process in motion of asking for an additional financial aid program and agreeing further down the road by sunday of the terms of it.
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it proposes to immediately implement a set of measures as early as the beginning of next week, which include a tax-reform-related measures, and pension-related measures. it sounds as though they will be agreeing to the package of austerity measures some puts in pension spending and some additional tax revenues that the greek government already agreed to on the 30th of june. this therefore, seems to be building on what was on the table, and it's also the document that was put to voters on sunday when they delivered the no vote. now the greek side says it will also submit a more comprehensive agenda by thursday so we shall hope by then to see the entire package. >> as time runs out for greece's
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government to get more money, greeks themselves struggling to make ends meet. our correspondent traveled to a port city to see how people there are coping. >> reporter: for 20 years his coffee shop was the pulse of the neighborhood. barely anyone here during these days of austerity. >> now three or four customers every day, from 9:00 to 12:00 at night. >> reporter: so how do you keep it open? >> i don't pay anyone. nothing. all of this here you see, no pay. no pay. >> reporter: this man is not worried his landlord will throw him out, most of the shops on his street have shut down. and no one is investing in new businesses. wherever you look around there is the same scene of abandonment. the blinds are down doors shut
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the windows look scuffy sometimes there is a phone number in case someone is interested. and those who survive have had to downsize. this man correctly get-go of two employees. >> of course i was upset. they were with us for 20 years. the no was something -- a trip to unknown waters okay? but hope for something better. so the hope instead of something that i knew is going to make me close my business. >> reporter: this is not just a story of businesses going bust. it's about people's family history. his parents opened this shop 50 years ago. the place is filled with childhood memories. >> for the last five years, i'm forced to dig into my savings to keep running it. i grew up here. i have been working 35 years.
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i should retire in two or three, so i have to keep it open to get my pension. i am stuck. i can't see the light at the end of the tunnel. >> reporter: he also sees very few customers. barely anyone comes through here now that his neighbors are gone and that is one of the biggest tragedies hitting the country for him. he fears his son will never know the greece that used to be where small businesses were the heart of community life. still ahead on al jazeera, we report from rebel-held territory in south sudan, where commanders blame government forces for starting the civil war. plus colorful, but cramped, these tent cities are home to nepal's earthquake survivors, but now they are threatened again.
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♪ top stories on al jazeera. one year after the war in gaza began, there is very little sign of recovery. about a hundred thousand people remain displaced. it issest mated it will cost up to a billion dollars to rebuild the gaza strip. greece proposes reforms as early as next week. details are part of a formal application for a new aid program from the euro zone. chinese stock markets have plunged. it closed down 5.9% on wednesday. $3.2 trillion has been wiped off
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of the stock markets in three weeks. south sudan's former vice president turned rebel leader has given the president an ultimatum. he has told him to step down before midnight on wednesday or be overthrown. it comes as the u.n. security council has imposed sanctions to generals loyal to both then. catherine soi sent this exclusive report. >> reporter: in this meeting, south sudan's rebel commanders weigh their options in an ongoing battle. generals and other influential individuals have often been accused of being hard liners and hampering negotiations brokered by the intergovernmental authority, and have yet to achieve peace. >> we [ inaudible ] who is he?
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>> reporter: so you don't consider yourself hard liners or spoilers of the peace process as the generals on the ground. >> yes, because i don't even know the reason why i was just in juba. >> reporter: they all say they want peace, but fighting is still going on despite a ceasefire. according to the u.n. many people have been killed their homes burned women raped and tens of thousands of people displaced in the latest government offensive. rebels are also on an offensive in the neighboring state, where the only functioning oil fields are. both sides blame each other for starting the fight. >> translator: we are not the ones rejecting peace. but if i kill two of your children, how do you start peace? the only thing that can stop the war in south sudan is he moval from the helm.
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>> reporter: the commanders insist there was no coup attempt as claimed by the government. but what followed after was ethnic cleansing, the second largest in -- the country. the commanders here say they will accept anything less than separate armed forces for at least three years. this general says that 18 months is not enough to heal wounds and build trust between the rival forces. >> to organize and come together as a national army of south sudan, that one will not be enough. and it will force people to fight again. >> reporter: these men are all important advisors to their leader. they say they will follow his lead but will not accept a deal that wasn't properly address the route cause of the conflict.
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pope francis has spoken out against war and called on catholics to unite wherever they face persecution. he also called on ecuador to protect its rain forests, which the president wants to open up to more oil exploration. his next stop is bolivia where a priest was murdered in the 1980s. as virginia lopez reports, minors don't feel the catholic church supports them. >> reporter: bolivia is a predominantly catholic country, yet rituals to pagans are widely practiced inside the silver mines. >> translator: her we tray to
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te'o inside and to god outside. te'o helps us mind the silver vein in the mines wall. >> reporter: for many here catholic support outside of the mines is not as strong as before. >> translator: it would be good if the priests would support us. so we can get a bigger percentage of wages for our work. right now moth -- most of it goes to the government. >> reporter: in bolivia, this father championed alongside mine nors for a better future. pope francis will be visiting the site where theest priest was brutally murdered in 1980. conditions of the minors have improved little since the
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murder. this area is now at risk of collapsing. the mines here are dying out. this would leave thousands of people here without a job. minors here feel that a church that was once very involved in helping them fight for their rights has become dis -- distant. and yet for many here the biggest concern is the large scale of environmental damage caused by mining. for them it's as much a social as environmental crisis. >> translator: as long as economic interests determine what happens here in the mining industry, we'll never take measures or seek responsibility for the death of the priest. >> reporter: pope francis's has warned against climate change.
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talks over iran's nuclear program will continue in vienna until the end of the week. negotiationers from six world powers and iran will continue talking until tuesday. western leaders want tehran to prove it's not building a nuclear weapon in return for the lifting of sanctions. workers in japan have started loading fuel rods into a nuclear reactor. regulators will make final checks before bringing it back on line. they were shut down after the 2011 fukushima disaster. australia has combined its immigration department with customs to form a border protection force. it will focus on stopping
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unwanted ally sum seekers from coming into the country. despite the country's tough stance towards illegal immigration, it needs more legal migrants to help its work force. andrew thomas explains. >> reporter: griffith a rural town might not sound like a multi-cultural place but 28% of people here were born outside of australia, exactly the same proportion as for australia as a whole. working at a garage on the out skirts of town this is one of three filipinos. >> for now, i like griffith i like my job here and it's cheaper than the city. >> reporter: the company couldn't find people with his skills in australia. his boss is also from the
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philippines. visa rules required him to work here for at least two years before he could move to the big cities. >> these are not like regional areas where you have nothing. here you have everything you need. >> reporter: like the garage the local hospital relies on immigrants to stock it. >> i think most of the regional towns or country towns are manned by immigration doctors. >> reporter: immigration adds 1.1% to australia's population every year. as a percentage of the population as a whole, only switzerland and norway take more immigrants. immigration into australia stories usually about stopping
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asylum seekers. many argue that the population figure is still too low for a country of australia's size. this man went to turkey to find that a beekeeper for his million dollars honey business. foreigners do most of the fruit picking. but he needs more. >> i just like good workers. anybody that is good worker any state, any country, i like to have my work done. >> reporter: australia is still one of the least densely populated countries, but -- for that to change immigration would need to get a lot higher still. leaders from across the americas are gathering in ontario for a two-day climate summit. they are seeking a strategy on
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tackling climate change. >> reporter: this two-day meeting has been called by the government of canada's largest province of ontario, that is their legislature. and they are giving together other sub national governments. what they are doing is discussing how those levels of government can impact climate change. change. >> it's important to have these kinds of discussions. you have people from countries across the americas and it's really 'em berraing that canada's own national government isn't here to talk with others about how we can work together. we need on the ground action. in that means putting a price on pollution, it means investing in this the alternative, and it means actually taking the
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science seriously, rather than gagging our national scientists. >> reporter: what we're going to here is how canada's largest provinces are dealing with climate change. ontario and quebec have joined a climate changing scheme. canada has announced greenhouse gas mitigation targets for 2030. that's what canada is going to bring into the paris meeting that is coming up later this year. thousands of survivors of nepal's earthquake in april are now facing another potential disaster. monsoon rains have triggered landslides. >> reporter: in this district headquarters colorful tents dot the hills. every fit of flat land has been
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occupied here. every few days another tented camp pops up nearby. this man walked three days with his six children from his village. >> translator: there have been massive landslides in our neighboring villages. in our village, rocks have started to fall. now it's no longer possible to go back. >> reporter: some iron sheets are being distributed, but it's not enough to go around all. most survive under these tarps, but this man says he is not even worried about that. >> translator: houses are still up in our village, they haven't been able to abandon their livestock. they are looking after their fields. harvesting crops. some 50, 60 villagers are still up there, those in the village, how will they survive the rains and the landslides? >> reporter: more than 500 people have moved to this camp
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living on hand outs. and more people are on their way. in this district alone, more than 2500 people need to be resot led. according to the government 16,000 people have to be resettled. the government has been told they need to start the resettlement process by the 15th of july. >> translator: our main challenge in this emergency is lack of resources. we have estimated the budget in the work [ inaudible ] six months expenses for each family will be around $3,240. we need around half a million dollars for the resettlement of the proposed population. >> reporter: the district government hopes that the budget needed will be swiftly handed over, but it is still unclear whether these people will ever be able to return home or whether they ever will.
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well you can read much more about the survivors from nepal's earthquake on our website, there you'll find the day's other top stories, everything we are covering right here at al jazeera. it's all at ♪ a computer glitch grounds united airlines flights across the country. time is running out for greece as it tries for a third bailout agreement. the prime minister wants a fair deal, but creditors are skeptical. and south carolina begins its next step towards taking the confederate flag off of the state house grounds. why some lawmakers there want it to stay. ♪