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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 14, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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rica close to a deal iran and six world powers are due to make an announce opt limiting iran's nuclear program. ♪ ♪ hello, this is al jazerra live from doha. also ahead on the program. burning anger greeks react to the bailout agreement with the e.u. calling it cat strove us andcatastrophicand humiliate i go. iraqi says used to come here for a holiday now it's a refuge for families escaping the identifying. the debate over polygamy a report why some there whop the
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practice decriminalized in the u.s. ♪ ♪ hello, it appears a historic nukenuclear deal with iran will be announced within the hour. foreign ministers making their way to the u.n. building in vienna for a final meeting before the details are announced we are picture a joint state from iran's foreign minuter and his e all. counselor part. we have heard in the fast few minutes from the director general of the international atomic energy agency or iaea, he has outlined some of the details of the agency's deal with iran. >> i have just signed the road map between the islamic republic of iran and the iaea for the clarification of past and present outstanding issues, regarding iran's nuclear program program. the text has been signed on behalf of iran by the country's
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vice president mr. ali. [ inaudible ] this is a significant step towards clarifying outstanding issues regarding iran's nuclear program. the road map sets out a process under the november 2013. [ inaudible ] for cooperation to enable the agent with the cooperation of iran, to make an assessment of the issues relating to possible military dimensions for iran's nuclear program by the end of 2015. >> let's go live now to vienna, our diplomatic editor james bays has been following these developments for us. james, it does appear that a historic deal on iran's nuclear program is now imminent. but the key, of course, will be what that deal contains. >> reporter: absolutely. and in fact, you heard there the head of the iaea talking about the document he's signed. there are actually three
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different pieces to this. there is the agreement between iran and the country's it's been negotiating with. the so-called p5 plus one that's the five permanent mechanics of u.n. security council in germany who have been involved in the negotiation for a long time, but in these more recent negotiations for about two years that look now to have born fruit. there is that document which we are told about "america tonight" about 100 pages long including five different annexes there is the document that you have just heard about the iaea and that's an agreement between iran. and iaea. the iaea is the part of the u.n. that deals with nuclear a affairs it's based here in vienna, they would have to be the body that does infections in iran, that's a separate document. and then there is a third document which is a u.n. security council resolution. which can't actually be agreed today in vee vienna, we know they have work out all the words in that resolution but that has to go through the normal process it, has to go through the u.n.
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security council for a vote. i am told they are hoping that vote could be in the next seven to 10 days on that u.n. security council resolution. why do you need all of these agreements? well, you need a u.n. security council resolution because there are lots of measures in place against iran right now. there are measures sanctions there is an arms embargo all these things are in place with previous u.n. security council resolutions and the only way you can change a u.n. security council resolution which is in effect international law is passing -- bypassing a new one that supersedes the previous one. so, yes, you are going to get most of it today but some of the action will move to new york, we think in about seven to 10 days to ratified the u.n. part of it and the u.n. sanctions involved in all of this. >> and james this has been the result of a quite lengthy negotiating process potential hurdles remain in this deal, though, don't they? >> reporter: i think there are phone shallpotential hurdles because
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there are controversy deals to the enemies of this deal and we know the enemies are briefing, already hearing from the israeli prime minister on this are going it seize on, my understanding is the bit that was the last herd until this was actually that u.n. security council res lounges. that was what they were negotiating until the early hours of the morning. signing off on the language of that security council resolution. signing off on particularly the arms embargo and the deal on ballistic missiles, now those two things are mainly conventional weapons, of course, you can put nuclear warheads on missiles those two things iran wanted lifted immediately. that they are not going to get. there is going to be a timeline laid out in the agreement that is announced for the lifting of those two measures. and there is this provision called snap back in the security council resolution, which means if theism the iaea on the ground goes
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somewhere and don't like what they see and think iran cheating the sanctions can come back in to place how the iaea carries out its work is another phone shall problem area. and one that i think with respect seized on by the critics of this deal. because critic says say the iaea should have been allowed to go any time any place in iran to go and inspect. that is not going to be the case. yes, iran will sign up to what's called you going to hear this a lot. the additional treaty but it will not be allowed to go to any military site without advanced warning, there are things here i sam sure the critic says of the deal won't like. and the last one to mention of those is that security council resolution and the timing of it. because in effect, the u.n. security council is binding international law. remember also there is a congressional review, the u.s. congress has to look at this
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deal f we have that resolution i am being told to expect in the coming weeks maybe as soon as a week from now basically the u.s. has signed up to this deal whatever congress thinks. i think there will be some on capitol hill who will be somewhat worried about that. >> all right, for the moment, james bays live for us there vienna on the deal on iran's nuclear program. as you heard benjamin netanyahu has already called the agreement a historic mistake. on monday he once again warn billion dollar that deal with iran. >> prevent being the islamic public of iran from building nuclear weapons is the paramount challenge of our generation, there is not about partisan politics, this is about survival. this is about our future. >> the agreement with iran comes after decades of condemnation and sanctions on the country over its nuclear program. since 1970 it's been party to the treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons. but in 2006, iran said it would
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start enriching uranium and it's program sped up significantly. it operates three uranium enrichment facilities at two sites housing nearly 20,000 sen at this final buzz iran has always maintained its nuclear development is for peaceful purposes. >> joining me now from teheran say political science professor at teheran university. and he joins me now to talk more about this. thank you for being with us. first of all what does this deal mean for the people of iran, do you believe? it means a great deal. let's begin with the immediate psychological effect on millions of iranian people. millions of iranian people have been wait, waiting and waiting to hear words from vienna during the past two weeks and it's a
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psychological, more than anything else, it would be a psychological effect on millions of iranian. they would feel relieved of waiting and expectation anxiously to see whether or not the country's negotiating team have struck a deal with five plus one. >> and, i mean, we heard there from the -- the israeli prime minister netanyahu giving is his what's very well known opposition to this deal. and we are expected to hear from him again at some point. how do you think this will affect relations with israel? will it really change things? >> no, it won't change anything between iran and israel. the islamic republic of iran has maintained that i do not recognize the state of israel. iran has always maintained full
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support for palestinian cause. but i think it will -- it will to some extend it will change maybe saudi arabia and other air at states in the region. >> as far as the larger issues in the middle east, iraq and syria, how will this deal effect particularly, for example iran's effort to his root out isil in those countrys? >> well, once again, i don't think it would change -- it would have any bearing immediately on iran policies vis-a-vis israel, lebanon syria, and iraq. but it will push washington and teheran closer together in their
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combat against isil and other radical fighters in the ring. >> ungood to speak with you. joining us there from teheran. thanks for your time. >> you are welcome. so the israeli prime minister has spoken a short while ago as we said and he gave his opposition to that. now this land mark deal with iran comes off decades of a time frame and a long negotiation process. imtiaz tyab joins us now from jerusalem. and as we have been saying imtiaz. the israeli government has long given its opposition to this deem. but it now does seem as if it is a reality. >> reporter: indeed. in fact, not only the israeli government, but mr. netanyahu himself very specifically has for the past 20 years of his
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career been quite frankly demonizing iran at every opportunity that he can. now, as you mentioned he did speak just a few minutes ago before this deal has been formally announced. and i can sort of give you a few key points from mr. netanyahu said. he said that israel's concern is that iran is effectively being given the green light it pave the way, as he described it, to a nuclear weapon. he also went onto say that iran because of the lifting of sanctions, will also have access to hundreds of billions of dollars to, what he described as spreading terrorism. and ended it by saying that this deal was a mistake of historic calhistoricalproportions none of what mr. netanyahu has said is new. he has been, extremely vocal critic of the deal but as we have said it looks almost
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certain that these western powers and iran have come one some kind of an agreement. >> and as far as popular opinion in israel right now, is there kind of any body of opinion that might be spotter this is deal -- support this is deal at all? >> it appears that we have lost our connection to imtiaz there in jerusalem arc poll i didn'ts for that. we will move on for now to the other top story dominating our headlines this monday. hundreds of ante austerity practiceprotesters rallying monday night outside parliament. one protester burned the other party's flag outside parliament saying the leftist led coalition government had gone back on its preelection pledge to put an end to saw stair at this. >> it's catastrophic but i expected it because within the
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eurozone there is no way we could get in where. they are gangsters, they are financial murderers, there was no way. >> a retched agreement. one word, retched and treacherous, the greek people voted for something totally different but presented with something completely different. they are completely ignoring us, they do whatever they want no matter what we vote for. john, what can we picture to see today? >> reporter: at the moment the parliamentary blocks of the ruling coalition the left and right wing party are in conference and those are crucial meetings because both parties have to try to get their m.p.s to fall in to line with what the prime minister has negotiate ed in brussels. now the two together account for 162 votes that gives them the out right majority they need in
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the 300-seat parliament. we picture expect many defections. what we are hoping to see in terms of the government's survival is that the independent greeks will not breakaway as a party from the coalition. they have said that they will remain in the coalition and that they will support the government even if they don't end up voting for these particular measures. so how will these measures get through? well the optician parties the conservatives, social assists have all said that they will back them. so in theory, on paper at the moment. the numbers are there, they should be voted through late on wednesday night. but what we are really in question about here is the stability of the government. how many m.m.s mps will the ruling party lose, and will it lose it on the back of its coalition partner. >> you say it does look as if this has a chance of passing but as far as i don't understand that and the mood among the greek people because of course, remember 60% them only a week
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ago voted against what was essentially the same bailout package. what have they been saying about all of this? >> reporter: well, there is a large cohort that isn't' i with the agreement at all. we are talking about smaller left wing parties that are not in the parliament. the demonstration that he showed earlier on the square from last night, the communist party which is in parliament, also not in agreement. and other left wing groupings. we know that there is going to be a one-day strike by the civil service, the entire public sector, in fact, on wednesday to protest against this agreement. particular particularly because it contains measures that are supposed to depoliticize the public sector to try and tame it in a sense to make it more -- less expensive which could mean wage cuts or job cuts and bring it in to line with the general
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stream lining of the greek economy. because at the moment it is the government's second biggest expense. although salaries in the state sector cost more than a billion dollars a month. we are seeing gatherings at university campuses from students frosting these measurements. development forget during the years of austerity, the young have suffered from much higher unemployment than people from the age of 30 and above. the nominal unemployment figure in greece stands at 25% but among the people who are in university, and up to the age of about 25 it's more like 55%. >> all right, for the moment, john joining us there from amount ends. now, iraqi forces have suffered some heavy losses after launching their new offensive against isil. at least 81 soldiers and pro-government fighters have been killed in attacks in and around fallujah in anbar province. four civilians were also killed.
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isil fighters targeted military positionspositions in residential areas. shia fight he government forces and i sunni tribes men are involved in the operation to recapture iraq's largest province. the army says it's made some gains and is moving towards anbar's capital ramadi which fell to isil two months ago. a new report by the u.n. says nearly 15,000 people have been killed in iraq during the 16-month period to the end of april this year. it adds the 30,000 others have been injured. jane arraf has traveled to anbar province where more than 20,000 have sought refuge in a makeshift camp. >> reporter: this used to be iraq's nicest holiday resort. less than an hour's drive from baghdad, a generation of iraqis holidayed here in the tourism city after it was built in the 1980s. but with fighting in anbar province over the past year, it has become a refuge of last resort. for 24,000 iraqis trapped by the
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conflict. and they are still coming to what aid officials describe as the worst displacement camp in iraq. he says almost 200 families have arrived over the past two days from nero mad i. he doesn't have much to give them. >> translator: in addition to being displaced there are no resources. this camp is far away from the cities. it slows the efforts of organizations and makes it very difficult to reach here. >> reporter: a $15 million project to restore the hotel and chalets started and stopped three years ago. leaving only the roofs and walls. there are people living everywhere. this is actually a disco. nine families live in it now. the hotel had an indoor and outdoor swimming pool. a cinema, restaurants tennis courts, a boat lawn. it was considered one of the nicest hotels in the middle east. in fact, a lot of the people who are here now who have taken refuge here, used to come on
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vacation. the former 5-star owe held is now six stories of misery. most of its restless defense are from fallujah, they have lived here for more than a year without electricity or running water. sewage leaks on to the roof. his family came 18 months ago after their house and shop were destroyed. when he has money, he pays for power from a generator. when the children get sick from the heat and the dirty water he says there is no medical care. >> translator: there was no other place we could go. there are people who have dollars, they go to erbil or outside eye remark they don't know what it's like. only the poor who can't find any other place come here. >> reporter: but the latest arrivals are even worse off. ali and his family walked seven hours through the desert after mortar bombs hit their neighborhood. they have been here for three days. there is only one mass red.
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mattress, everything is so expensive they rely on chair if charity for food. when it's he recalls happy memories from here with his friends that he breaks down. all of that is gone he says. he says in other countries people dream of big achievements iraqis just dream of security. but security has been illusive for many here this is a painful reminders of how quickly things fall apart. jane arraf iraq. firefighters in yemen are struggling to put out a huge fire. it's taking place at an oil refinery in the city of aden. local authorities and pro hadi forces are calling on the saudi-led coalition to help put out the blaze houthi fighters have been blamed to recent shelling of the is "fei equestrian world silt. civilians have been force today flee the area. a report by an egyptian human rights group alleges torture and abuse of prisoners
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in police custody it come as a time when there has been an increase in the number of deaths during detention. we have a report. >> reporter: these were his last breaths. he was being held in a police station in cairo which is notorious for previous cases of deaths in custdeaths in custody. video shows many prisoners piled on top of each other with no vents laying he should suffered from chronic asthma, dislawyers say despite proving his medical condition and having the proper paperwork to transfer to hem to a hospital the police refused. they told the lawyers then today let him die here. death in custody is common. one human rights group says 279 people have died in custody since the july 3rd military coup. more than half of those died
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since sisi became president. the egyptian sports economic and social rights says that more than 40,000 people have been thrown in to jail in the past two years. most for their political beliefs. prison authorities have & the police have been accused of intentional negligence when it comes to dealing with political prisoners. in may a former member of parliament and a leading figure in the muslim brotherhood died after collapsing in to a coma in his cell because prison guards denied him his medicine. almost two years have passed since the military coup that ousted egypt as first democratically elected president who himself is behind bars waiting to be hanged. conditions inside egyptian's jails means other prisoners may also face death without even being sentenced. mexico's interior minister says the escape a drug lord from a maximum security prison was probably an inside job. despite constant video surveillance el chapo guzman was
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able to breakout of prison using a tunnel from his cell. massive man hunt has been launch the to recapture the head of the sinaloa drug cartel for the second time in 10 years. the mexican government has offered nearly $4 million for information leading to guzman's capture. now, a june deadline for haitians to register as citizens are leave the dominican republic has passed. now the organization of american states is investigating whether some haitians are being deported. adam raney reports. >> reporter: they wanted to stay. dozens of people at this camp in southeastern haiti pulled up dominican issued identification documents, showing they applied for permission to keep working and living in the neighboring dominican remember being. some say they were deported others admit they cross odd their own approximate only because they didn't feel safe. >> translator: immigration authorities picked me up on the street in the dominican republic
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and sent me to haiti. >> translator: dominicans threaten to kill those that don't want to leave. >> reporter: how are they got here, they are stuck. as hay and the dominican republic trade accusations over who is to blame and who is now responsible. finally on monday, they received some international attention. a delegation from the organization of american states. immediately they were surrounded by people who wanted someone to hear their story. >> reporter: al jazerra met him a few days ago now he had a chance to tell the oas what he told us then. that he was born in the dominican republic, that he was deported and now his children are stranded there without their parents. one haitian official said there is a deliberate effort in the dominican remember i can to force haitian workers to leave. >> there are hands behind that movement to make the people leave. because they didn't come here. they would have done last week. they would have done it last month or two months ago why
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now? >> reporter: the head of the oas delegation refuse today say whether he believed any in the camped were departed. the dominican government insists they weren't. >> i think it's going it to be extremely important for the two governments have a mechanism to discuss the claims between the two countries. >> reporter: this gel del gaze has come here not to figure out how people got here but also to figure on you how to rebow indicate because they don't want these camps to be personal. juanita's spirits were raised after one delegate said he might be allowed to go to the dominican remember i can to find his children. >> translator: we have faith and we are waiting here for even the haitian president to come. he has to see how we are living. >> reporter: as the visitors departed, those left behind wondered whether they'll be given a chance to reclaim their old lives or start a new one. adam raney, al jazerra haiti.
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we are beg to take a quick break now here on al jazerra but when we come back, hopes for democracy after 50 years myanmar prepared for november's parliamentary elections. 50 years after it was published a classic american novel gets a highly-anticipated sequel.
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held going, the top story on his al jazerra historic nuclear deal with iran is due to be announced soon. the head of the u.n.'s nuclear watchdog the iaea has just
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outlined its new road map with iran to assess its military nuclear facilities. greek prime minister alexis tsipras is back in athens trying to rally support for a key vote on a third bailout deal with european lenders, but he faces a tough test to sale the austerity package to his own government and the greek people. iraq forces have suffered heavy losses after launching their new offensive against isil at least 81 soldiers and pro-government fight verse been killed in attacks in and around fallujah city in and around anbar province, four civilians were also killed. let's get more on the top story the iran nuclear deal. going live to vienna james bays our diplomatic editor is is there for us jails anymore details right now on what this deal contains? and what we are likely to hear over the come is hours? >> reporter: just a bit of