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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 14, 2015 10:30am-11:01am EDT

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guilty of illegally betting on matching during the 2013 season. three players are already facing charges for their alleged involvement in manipulating results. reminder you can keep up to date with all of the news of the day on our website. that is, ♪ a nuclear deal with iran after years of talks, the u.s. and five other nations reach an historic agreement. >> because of this deal the international community will be able to verify that the islamic republican of iran will not develop a nuclear weapon. >> but opponents are already threatening to quash the deal and make sure it never takes
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effect. ♪ this is al jazeera america, good morning, live from new york city. i'm randall pinkston in for stephanie sy. leaders around the world and here in the u.s. are reacting to the news from vienna. this deal puts restrictions on iran's nuclear program with. in exchange the u.s. and its european partners have agreed to drop sanctions that have been place in for years. >> today because america negotiated from a position of strength and principal, we have stopped the spread of nuclear weapons in this region. >> now let's take a close look at what is in the deal. it removes two thirds of installed centrifuges and most
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of iran's enriched uranium. iran will allow inspectors to enter sites, including military sites. sanctions will be lifted once it has been a verified that iran has taken steps to comply request this agreement, but the united nations arms embargo stays in place for eight more years. lisa stark is in washington. a crucial part president obama has to sell this deal to congress and the american people. how difficult will that be? >> it's going to be very tough randall. there is already a chorus of criticism this morning from those on capitol hill. the president warning that without this deal there is a greater risk of war in the middle east, and he thinks it would be irresponsible to walk away from this deal. >> i am confident this deal will meet the national security
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interests of the united states and our allies sorry veto any legislation that prevents the successful implementation of this deal. >> the president making clear he will do everything he can to make sure this deal sticks. he insisted it is not based on trust. it is based on verification that iran is doing what it is supposed to do and randall, he says it offers the opportunity to move in a new direction, we should seize it. but clearly there will be a big battle on capitol hill. >> congress has 60 days to review the agreement, and that as you indicate will be very contentious. what are lawmakers saying? this >> we're hearing from lawmakers on both sides of the aisle. some supportive but many talking about scepticism about this deal. house speaker boehner said that the president called him last
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night to tell him about the agreement. he said he was skeptical. this morning he said the president has abandoned his goals for this deal. here is the speaker. >> the president has abandoned all of those goals, and that's why the deal that we have out there, in my view from what i know of it thus far is unacceptable. it's going to hand a dangerous regime billions of dollars in sanctions relief while paving the way for a nuclear iran. >> boehner went on to add that it's not a matter of right versus wrong, democrat versus republican, he says we have to look at this deal. he says if it's as bad as we think it is then he will do everything he can to stop it. and we also have scepticism from republicans and democrats on the other side. saying we can't trust iran and we have to look very carefully at this agreement before we can
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support it. >> the president says he will veto the override -- not the override -- he will veto the agreement if the congress votes against it. but here is a question with democrats opposing the president will he have enough votes to override the veto? will they have enough votes to override his veto. >> that is the question. on the senate they would need 13 democrats to go against the president to override his veto and the white house, and their allies in congress and there are those who are working to support this deal and they will be working very hard to hold this together, so there will not be enough votes to override that veto. we'll be watching the democrats particularly. >> lisa stark, thank you. now to israel where reaction to the deal was swift and harsh.
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>> in fact the deal gives iran every incentive not to change. in the coming decade the deal will reward iran the terrorist regime in tehran with hundreds of billions of dollars. in cash bonanza will fuel iran's terrorism, word wide its efforts in the region. >> our correspondent has more from jerusalem. >> i think now that a deal has been reached, i think a lot of israelis are hearing the news and are concerned because for many years now they have been told and they have heard that iron poses an existential threat to israel and of course when they watch the nightly news and see protests being held in various cities across iran which calls for the death of israel and the like that of course is a concern to many israelis, but
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this is still a very political issue here in israel between politicians, most notably the prime minister benjamin netenyahu. for the better part of his career he has been a very vocal critic of iran taking many opportunities to speak to the world and indeed powerful governments about the threat that he perceives from iran. earlier this year he addressed a joint session of the united nations congress speaking specifically about iran. this -- this speech that he gave deeply strained ties with the united states most notably, the president, barack obama, and the criticism being leveled now here in israel at mr. netenyahu by opposition politicians is that mr. netenyahu took the wrong track, that he was antagonizing in their view mr. obama, and that lead mr. obama to pursue this deal even further, and in their deal agree to certain, i guess
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agreements with iran that he may not have otherwise. so there's a lot of anger being directed at mr. netenyahu for not preventing this deal from going ahead. >> imtiaz from jerusalem. ali velshi is here. you just spent several weeks in tehran. it's interesting that president obama is being criticized over the deal here in the united states. we hear that netenyahu is getting some stack from some of his people there. what about the leader in iron? will he will hailed as a hero or someone that didn't stand strong against the u.s. >> generally speaking they have been in favor of this deal. it's ramadan right now, so nothing happens during the day, but there is anticipation there
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will be celebration in the streets. there has been some discussion about allowing some dancing in the streets. generally speaking there will be a celebration. that said iran was very clear about the things it will not allow, including a deal that doesn't lift the conventional weapons ban. well that is in place. they have to abide by the terms of this deal between five and eight years before a regular weapons ban is lifted. so there are complications back home. and it will be up to the ayatollah to say that he supports what happens or hedge a little bit. >> what about anti-u.s. sentiment, which apparently was very strong in iran during the days of the sanctions, and i suppose it still is or is it? >> yeah there's a hard liner faction in iran. they are there, they know how to get the cameras on them by
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burning israeli flags, and american flags. wherever you go there are pictures of obama together with the king of saudi arabia you know it's there. they call them out in numbers last friday. the last friday of ramadan, which is supposed to be a day in which you protest israeli's occupation of palestine in iran that's what they describe it as. they called for more people and not many more came out. i think on balance it appeared that most americans -- most iranians based on polls do support this deal. >> so the detainees not mentioned in the agreement. >> right. >> that was something that everybody who -- especially the family members of the detainees any possibility that there was a side agreement that we don't know about yet. >> it does seem that it didn't make it into the big text of the deal, but there was a lot of thing that these detainees
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americans who are being held may be let go at this point. so there may be a goodwill agreement or some sort of thing that says this wasn't tied to the deal but we'll release them as goodwill. the families of the detainees were in vienna trying to lobby for their release. >> thank you. >> let's bring in the president of the president of the american iranian counsel. you tried to run against rue -- row hany in the last election. is this a win for the iranian people? >> we still have to wait and see. at this point obviously they are quite happy that something has happened. and they are highly expecting that the sanctions ease will
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come soon and that will impact positively their lives. i have to say, however, that i -- if the past is of any indication, unfortunately no matter how much money the iranian government has, it has hardly tackled to the average, particularly the working class in the country, and over the last 36 years, the income gap, property gap between the 1% top, and the rest of the society, particularly 60, 70% of the population has widened tremendously. and i think whatever money that is released to iran will still go in the pockets of those at the top, and it will be hardly distributed to the bottom part. so, again, the middle class, however, seems to be very happy. and all of this happiness and
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this party business in tehran in the streets and so on really is from the middle class intellectuals, and who really see beyond the nuclear deal. they think will deal with lead to an opening of iran to the west, and they can come and go and their life will be much easier. there will be other relaxations on restrictions on them. so they are also expecting not economically but politically -- >> but -- pardon me for interrupting but if the middle class is looking at this as an opening to the west what is the historical significance with respect to the government of iran, and it's religious and military leadership? >> that's the whole problem. remember this is a deal on the nuclear issue, not on u.s. iran relations. i have spent 25 years, trying to normalize u.s. iranian
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relationship, as opposed to just solving a particular issue. my hope is that a solution to this issue if it stands will lead to all of that but there is no guarantee at this point. i think the iranian regime particularly the ayatollah's policy over the last 25 years that he has been leader is simply this no war, no peace. any time the war has become an issue, he has moved towards peace, and when peace has almost a real issue, he has gradually moved towards the tension and other stuff. so my assumption is that in the near future the ayatollah will move toward that war side and tension side as opposed to continuing to open up and relax and reduce tension, because as i think he doesn't see war or peace to his interest. >> what does this mean in terms
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of iran being willing to abide by the terms of the agreement if in fact rouhani is going to be moving towards conflict that doesn't bode well towards this deal. >> iran is in transition. in the long term everybody is dead, and most of the leadership in tehran that is behind this deal will not be there in seven eight, ten years, maybe even five years. so you are dealing with an extremely transitional situation, and even in this country, mr. obama would be there only for about a year and a half and god what will come next, if he gets the deal going, still there is a lot of uncertainty that has been moved forward, and this is particularly the case when you have a region that is very
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conflictual, and iran happens to be on the side of the people who the u.s. and arabs and israelis don't like like the hezbollah, the hamas, the jihadis and all kinds of other people so again, it's a very complicated situation, and unless u.s. and iran really reach agreement particularly on the regional issues, this deal cannot be sustained. you cannot normalize a problem in the context of the relationship that is not normal >> >> thank you very much for your incite. we'll be covering this deal from all angles throughout the day here on al jazeera america. be sure toe tune in tonight at 9:00 pm eastern for an in-depth special report on the iran nuclear deal. but first coming up next we tackle iran's economy. it has been decimated by years of restrictions we'll see how citizens in iran may benefit
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from the deal.
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not just in this country but around the world. >> if there were no cameras here, would be the best solution. >> this goes to the heart of the argument >> to tell you the stories that others won't cover. how big do you see this getting? getting the news from the people who are affected. >> people need to demand reform... >> we're here to provide the analysis... the context... and the reporting that allows you to make sense of your world. >> ali velshi on target only on al jazeera america
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welcome back to al jazeera america. our top story this morning. the nuclear deal with iran. it will restrict iran's program, while at the same time lifting sanctions. u.s. and iranian officials are praising it while admitting it is far from perfect. ali velshi just returned from iran. the sanctions will be lifted gradually. you experienced the sanctions yourself. >> yeah, you can't miss it. i don't want to give you the impression that iran has been ground to a halt because of it but if you haven't lived under sanctions, it may be unclear what we're talking about. so here is a look. >> reporter: for years now sanctions against iran has taken a toll on the country's economy, but they have done little to curb -- curve iran's nuclear
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program. when i came to iran i had to bring all of the cash i would need. my credit cards don't work here nor do my amt cards. iron was pulled off of the associate of international banking transactions. it allows for global trade through the transfer of money. because it is off of the system iran iranian banks, and iranian people can't move money electronically around the world. >> translator: not all trade with iran is prohibited under sanctions. imports of food and drugs are still allowed, but the inability to wire money to pay for them effectively cuts iranians off from importing necessities like medicine. >> day-to-day i think there was not major problem, but for
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example children with leukemia children with brain tumor, we have major problems to help them. >> reporter: in iran's shops and bizarres shelves are full of goods for sale and business is still brisk. it looks the same with the ports. but business with the rest of the world has taken a big hit, because iranian companies can't pay for imports coming in or receive payments for exports going out. shipping volume is measured in 20-foot container equivalents. back in 2010, this port the biggest in iran handled 20.5 20.5 million, 20-foot equivalents that dropped by 28%, and the reason for that is sanctions. the pain is being felt across iran's major export industries like oil, and auto.
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but citizens must also content with hyperinflation. >> iranian leaders have decided to make a deal. they have decided to more or less close down the nuclear program, which they spend a lot of money on people died for it. and in return what they want is lifting of sanctions. >> in the end the forced belt tightening have pushed government negotiators to prioritize lifting sanctions over preserving the country's nuke nuclear capacity. so goods will start to come in iranians will have more choice in some cases some prices will go down and there will be inflation, because it will create more demand. most iranians will be very happy with the lifting of these
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sanctions. >> thank you ali velshi. coming up hillary clinton just spoke and we'll her reaction to the deal. plus how a common enemy helped push the u.s. and iran to the table.
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>> i've been asked to keep my voice down cause we are so close to the isil position >> who is in charge, and are they going to be held to accout? >> but know we're following the research team into the fire >> they're learning how to practice democracy... >> ...just seen tear gas being thrown... >> ...glad sombody care about us man... >> several human workers were kidnapped... >> this is what's left of the hospital >> is a crime that's under reported... >> what do you think... >> we're making history right now... >> al jazeera america welcome back to al jazeera america. it is 10:55 eastern time. we're bringing you continuing coverage of the iran nuclear
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deal, but first some of the other stories making headlines. mexico is offering a reward for any details leading to the arrest of joaquin guzman. the last time it took authorities 13 years to catch up to limb. closing arguments this morning in the trial of colorado shooter james holmes. holmes lawyers argue he was insane when he opened fire in july 2012. 12 people were killed and many more injured. and the widow of a new york man who died after being put in a choke hold by police last july will now get nearly $6 million from the city. a grand jury did not indict the officer involved. back to our top story, the
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nuclear deal with iran. in exchange with restrictions on its nuclear program, iran will get relief from sanctions. >> without a diplomatic resolution either i or a nuture u.s. president will face a decision about whether or not to allow iran to obtain a nuclear weapon or whether to use our military to stop it. but no deal means a greater chance of more war in the middle east. >> we also just heard from former secretary of state of presidential candidate hillary clinton. here is her reaction to the deal. >> we have to treat this as an ongoing enforcement effort which i certainly strongly support, and as president, would be absolutely devoted to ensuring that the agreement is solid.
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>> although new leaders in iran and the u.s. may have helped get the two sides to the table, a common enemy acted as the real catalyst. militia chan reports. >> reporter: the six world powers and iran have spent years trying to reach a deal over iran's nuclear plan. one step was the decision of the obama administration to participate in the talks. the change iran needed a new president. >> we are better off exploring a way to move this confrontation from one that is essentially unmanaged to one which is managed in a way with the desire to normalize the relayship with iran and the rest of the world. >> reporter: the talks resumed in 2013. >> a couple of things were going on. one is that the iranian government really does need
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money. sanctions have been extremely effective, and they are feel -- the population is feeling hurt and especially with oil prices down iranians are looking for some relief. >> reporter: but it may have been isil that pushed the two sides closer to a deal. both countries have launched air strikes against isil. >> anything anyone does to counter isil is in -- in the main, a good outcome, in other words the activities of the iranians, the support for the iraqi security forces is a positive thing in military terms against isil. >> reporter: this was secretary of state john kerry last fall. >> the fact is there is a role for nearly every country in the world to play including iran who's foreign minister is here with us today. >> reporter: and for the u.s. and iran to coordinate more
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effectively they had to resolve their biggest disagreement first, the long-standing nuclear issue. >> one thing the iranian government has said is if we can put this deal behind us look at how much more we can cooperate on. >> both the u.s. and iran are flying in iraqi air space as they battle isil. the nuclear deal will allow them to move on and fight what now has apparently become a greater enemy. those some u.s. policy makers would question the belief that isil is a bigger threat than iran. >> we'll have much more on the iran deal throughout the day, and be sure to tune in tonight at 9:00 pm eastern for an in-depth special report. thanks for watching i'm randall pinkston, the news continues next live from doha and you can catch up with all of the latest on our website,
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>> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ welcome to the news hour live from al jazeera's headquarters in doha i'm richelle carey. we have extensive coverage of the iran nuclear deal. the break through came after years of talks in exchange for lifting sanctions. >> i will veto any legislation that prevents the successful implementation of this deal. >> president obama lends his support and warns the u.s. congress it would be