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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 15, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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>> greece's parliament debates a bailout deal meant to prevent the country's economy from collapsing. hello, this is al jazeera, live from doha. also on the programme - protests in the japanese parliament as legislation that could allow troops to fight abroad for the first time since world war ii is introduced a german that worked add a bookkeeper at auschwitz is convicted of being party to the
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murder of 300 people. >> plus... >> talk to your daughter about her feelings you could see change in her behaviour... >> a radio appeal by british authorities, the parents of girls that could be brain washed into joining i.s.i.l. we begin with a twist in the greek deft crisis saga. the international monetary fund threatened to withdraw support for greece's bailout unless european leaders agree to considerable debt release. greece has said that the debt is unsustainable. this as a revolt based in the left-wing party, and workers calling for strikes ahead of the parliamentary vote. a vote is under way in parliament now, with m.p.s voting on tough new austerity laws before the end of the day.
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alexis tsipras needs opposition support for the vote, because some members of his own party said they will not support the deal. assuming new laws are passed they'll have to go to a vote in germany's parliament on friday simon mcgregor-wood reports from athens on efforts to bring his party into line with the vote. >> reporter: tuesday night alexis tsipras chose a television interview to build consensus for his controversial deal. he argued despite the pressure on greece this was the best deal he could achieve. >> translation: i take full responsibility for all my mistakes, and signing a document that i won't believe. i will not shirk my responsibilities i will ensure the country and people are not in danger of a collapse of the economy and the banks. >> he spent the day persuading allies to toe the line and
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support the package of make or break legislation on parliament. first stop was to persuade members from the ruling syriza party. they were elected to reject austerity. wednesday, m.p.s would be asked to support all of it. not all of them will. this is alexis tsipras's most immediate challenge, looking achievable. he'll manage with the head of the opposition party. with his own party, they have a bigger problem. the fact that he appears to have made a u-turn into accepting moral austerity will challenge credibility. >> outside parliament syriza loyalists would repeat the line in this is the least bad option. >> i repeat what is important today is that the government gets an answer to the coup. in a country saving an attempt
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to stop the bankruptcy. >> reporter: economically it's never been worse. businesses close every day. this brother and sister running their furniture business are clipping on. customer confidence that is disappeared. >> they are afraid to spend to purchase new chair, or a new desk. or even starting a business to take time to purchase office furniture and everything. >> how much have you sold in the last month? nothing. >> wednesday's laws will pass and the depaled negotiations for the third bailout will proceed. the government is creeking under the strain. they urged a nation to get behind the deal.
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maintaining the support will be a herbing u layan task. >> let's go life to athens john psaropoulos is there. why should greek m.p.s vote for a deal that event the i.m.f. thinks is toxic. >> hello. i think the main argument is what the prime minister said in his interview on tuesday night, that this is a deal that keeps greece in the eurozone. greece had no other option in order to remain. while the greek parliament was called onon friday to vote through what up until that point had been a package of measures that creditors were demanding, and they did so in the small hours of saturday. they'd been presented with a new memorandum, which is more difficult, unpalatable politically. it may be unenforceable practically as well. despite this 70% of greeks were
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polled by a national daily in the last 24 hours saying that they want parliament to pass the measures. falling out of the eurozone into an uncontrollable transition to the drachma - something that has not been planned for by this government, would be possibly a worse scenario for day to day life for doing business here. people seem to be broadly in favour. doesn't mean they are happy. the people i spoke to are furious, doesn't mean they can make a living. it's the least bad option. now, that doesn't meantime the government will have an easy ride. it will have strong criticism from the opposition. at the moment we have a 24 hour general strike from the public sector taking place. and the communist party staging a march across town. we expect them turned out on the square shortly.
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it may be procedurally difficult. the parliament speaker said that and i quote, no parliament should vote under tight deadlines. the accelerated procedure for this bill is a 10-hour discussion. therefore to make a midnight deadline should begin two hours from now. now, she says that it's never happened before that a bill was voted on so quickly. it could be a lot of procedural hiccups, a concerted attempt by parliamentarians in collaboration with them to try to derail the vote a japanese parliamentary committee approved a set of security bills that could expand the role of japan's military. opposition m.p.s tried to stop the vote in parliament as
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hundreds protested outside the building. prime minister shinzo abe enforced the count, setting in motion a ballot on tuesday. one could allow them to fight abroad for the first time since the second world war. more were harry fawcett, who is in the south korean capital seoul. >> the reinterpretation of japan's passivist contribution allowing them to come to the defense of an ally happened last year, last july. this legislation, in some regards, could be seen as crossing the ts and dotting the is on that decision. in a lot of way it is itself is almost as contentious, because this will died how japanese forces will be able to behave, and what scenarios they'll be able to fight, and the restrictive decree that preceded this interpretation limiting forces to defending
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themselves from an attack on japan itself. now they'll come to the aid of an ally and legislation will decide what that means. the japanese administration talking about one scenario in which japanese mine sweepers could be used as far away as the gulf. if there was a blockade affecting the flow of oil into the wider world, japanese armed forces could be used as far away geographically from japan as that. that is why there's so much opposition, and to the fact that japanese prime minister shinzo abe pledged to get through on foreign gaol through the united states to the president. before it published the legislation. are they keen to get it through as quickly as possible. that in itself is creating opposition as well the landmark nuclear deal between iran and six world powers has been welcomed. iran's prime minister landed
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back in tehran following the mammoth negotiations. the agreement will see iran limit nuclear activities in turn for the lifting of crippling sanctions. supporters from the deal gathered on the streets overnight. men celebrated the lifting of the deal and the impact on iran's reputation. >> binyamin netanyahu called iranians underdeveloped people. today we showed to the world we can solve problems with dialogue negotiations and diplomatic means. >> translation: i'm very excited to see that iran achieved the nuclear deal. i think the whole world has seen a new imaging of iran people respect iran. we thank mohammad javad zarif. i want to say to him well done. >> not everyone is happy with a deal. u.s. president obama has the task of reassuring israel gulf allies and u.s. congress who opposed the deal.
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patty culhane reports from washington. >> americans woke up to an unusual early morning address from u.s. president obama. detailing specifics of the deal from the public while sending a warning to the u.s. congress. >> precisely because the stakes are high. this is not the time for politics or posturing. tough talk from washington does not solve problems. >> congress has 60 days to review the deal. it's less likely now after one of the most powerful democrats hillary clinton, who is running for president, endorsed the deal. >> this is an important step in putting a lid on iran's nuclear programme. >> but republicans... >> it will hand a dangerous regime billions of dollars while paving the way for a nuclear iran. >> this is not about democrats and republicans.
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it's about right versus wrong. >> reporter: the pro-israeli government is expected to push hard in congress against the deal and the lifting of u.s. sanctions and opponents admit it will be difficult to scuttle the landmark agreement. >> it will be a transformative event in the middle east. in a way that camp david almost four years ago was a transformative event. it is a very big entry in president obama's legacy book. >> a win for the president's legacy. now he has to convince the wt and congress that it's a win for national security as well. >> there are reports from iraq that 27 i.s.i.l. fighters have been killed in anbar province. it happened south of the
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provincial capital. fighters forces and sunni tribesman are trying to recapture i.s.i.l. fighters. >> in yemen, the battle for control continues. these pictures show forces loyal to the deposed president abd-rabbu mansour hadi launching new attacks. they are focussing on capturing some dishes from houthi rebels. a 2-day-old offensive has seen intense fighting around the airport. >> still to come on al jazeera... >> i feel like i am betraying my home if i go. i will sit here as they bomb me. >> as i was saying, we speak to individuals ricking their -- risking their lives to keep their homes. >> and a busy highway - where a
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plane lands. coming up. into our tanks. >> mmm! >> techknow's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> i'm standing in a tropical windstorm. >> can affect and surprise us. >> wow, some of these are amazing. >> techknow - where technology meets humanity.
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hello, the top stories on al jazeera - decision day for the greek parliament. tougher austerity measures to pave the way into the third bailout. unless greece is offered debt relief, it could walk away from the deal the japanese parliamentary committee approved rules that could pass bills being passed that could allow japanese troops to fight abroad. iran's foreign minister mohammad
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javad zarif is back in tehran after signing a nuclear agreement with six world powers. the landmark deal is widely welcomed with celebrations held in tehran overnight. back to the top story, the greek debt crisis. an independent eurozone analyst joins us live from the city of hania in greece. i'll put the same question to you. why should greek m.p.s vote for a deal that the i.m.f. thinks is toxic. >> well, the greeks vote in prior actions in order for greece to be able to get sufficient liquidity for the next one month to pay arrears to the ifm, and a bond to the european central bank.
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on the other hand greece faces a liquidity crisis with the banks being shut and needs finance to regain stability in the economic system. there's no other way to regain stability for greece rather than striking a deal with the eurozone. >> eurozone finance minister knew about the i.m.f.'s views before striking the latest deals. there's no appetite for taking a hair cut on greece's debts. >> there are voices within the eurozone. certain countries are ready to consider relief. there could be longer mat urties for greece's loans and a bit lower interest rates, and other financial ways to make the deal
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sustainable. there'll be other locations making the agreement last win three or four weeks. i.m.f. is a co-creditor of greece. there'll be time, three or four weeks, to discuss sustainability. >> could it be that the i.m.f. is playing tough, that greece's debts are unsustainable in the long term, and may well once it goes through the greek parliament, perhaps relax their stance a little later down the line. >> we hope so, because there is also legal restrictions in the european stability mechanism as well, which cannot loan to countries with unsustainable debt. in the next two weeks, together with a reform plan for greece, there'll be serious discussions between the eurozone greece and
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the i.m.f. on how to mike greece's debt sustainable. >> good to talk to you. yiannis, in greece. >> the so-called bookkeeper of australia wits has been-- australia wits has been -- auch wits has been found guilty of assisting in the deaths of 300 people. let's go to dominik kane from berlin. what is the latest? >> well the question will be whether the court and the prosecutors agree that mr mr grenling at the age of 94 is able to serve the 4-year sentence that has been passed down on him. he was accused of complicity in the murders of 3,000 people in 1944. in the early summer spring and early summer of 1944, relating to the deportations of hungarian
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jews. he by his own administration and interviews given to other organizations more than 10 years ago, said that he had been at the camp where people were deported, where they were separated from families in for the infamous selection where those that were cased were desperate from the families and others were sent to work in most cases, and die in australia with wits -- in auch wits, and he said he was there and spoke up to negate the deniers who said that auschwitz had not happened and it was a figment of imagination. he, in court talked about apologising. at one point he apologised to god. some of the victims.
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the survivors were in court. he had to apologise to them as well. one particular individuals, who was a child, deported to australia wits. they are the only two that survived. the rest were a victim. a famous infamous doctor of death. she was in court when mr mr grenning first appeared and said it was important to atone for his since, but the punishment. that was for somebody else to decide. obviously we wait to see whether the german system will see him fixed to serve his sentence. he was one of the last people in auschwitz who could stand trial and it would be having to see what the system will decide pon,
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whether he'll serve sis sentence dominic kane in berlin supporters in bangladesh demand the death sentence for the killing of a 13-year-old boy. two of the suspects were brought to court. in it the boy begs for water and asks torturers not to beat him. it's not clear who killed the attack, and one of the suspects may have captured the killing on a smartphone demonstrations of the building of a fence have been taking place in budapest. hungry says the fences conditioned to keep out a wave of migrants. hungary has registered 70,000 migrants from the middle east and africa. >> the u.n. says that
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1.4 million people have been displaced in ukraine since the conflict began last year. a ceasefire agreement seems long forgotten. charles stratford reports from donetsk, where some residents are living close to the front line. >> 76-year-old valentina has got used to the gun fire and shelling. she built her house with her mother and lived here more than 50 years. >> translation: the house - i would feel like i'm betraying my home if i go. i will sit here until they bomb me it looks like it's alive. it lives on too. >> valentina talks to her friend who brings her bread every day. there's no electricity here for months, she has no cellar to
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hide in when the shelling starts. >> translation: is that firing coming in this direction or going out. when her neighbour's house was hit, shrapnel shot through the wall narrowly missing her sister who was laying on her bed. >> sometimes the shrapnel is flying and i think where do i hide. do i stand in the corner or stand in the streets. they are bombing. sometimes they shell for four to five hours non-stopped. >> virtually every house has been damaged in the fighting. thousands of families lived here. now only stray dogs roam the streets. a ceasefire was signed in february. >> valentina is the only person living on the street. everyone else has been evacuated or left of their own accord. it's been five months since the
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cease fighting was signed. fighting in this neighbourhood continues every day. >> the fighting may have been tense before the ceasefire was signed. people were forced to leave their homes. tamara, daughter and grand-daughter fled the shelling where they live. they show us the room they move into in this shelter. tamara's other daughter will join them in the coming days. >> it's terrible. we are innocent and have not hurt anyone. pro-russian journalists are nervous, saying tell the world there's no russian soldiers.
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>> many have been forced to flee their homes. there are only a few people like valentina prepared to die, rather than abandon the little they own. >> a radio campaign has been launched to stop women leaving to join i.s.i.l. it's worried that more will leave through the summer holidays. >> reporter: they looked like three friends on holiday to turkey. but when the three left london they headed to syria to join islamic state of iraq and levant. two married fighters their families trying to understand why. the three girls attended this school in east london, beth nal green academy, and since their disagreement in february another five girls had passports confiscated, who say they could follow their former school friends to syria.
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sensing more may follow police are running a radio campaign aimed at british ethnic minorities appealing for mothers to help. >> you can talk to your daughter about her feelings. you can see change in her behaviour, that she sa trying to travel to a conflict that millions are trying to escape. >> reporter: the metropolitan police assistant commissioner has her own message to any girl thinking of joining i.s.i.l. >> i'd say please don't do it. you are fed terrible lies people those trying to manipulate you and lure you to syria. you may be told you'd marry sa fighter. you are going to become a sexual partner, and i am sure you'll become the victim of abuse. >> 43 girls and women left. >> some teenagers, others and themselves coming into the war
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zone. >> chances of anything emerging unharmed happening day by day. >> the disappearance is a social and political issue. >> we need to talk about the push factors, why people are running from home in the first place. we can do something like that. rather than propaganda and what have you. we can't do anything about what i.s.i.s. do, is what they'll do. they weren't on a watch list. their parents were oblivious. few measures would have stopped them. more will follow in their footsteps. take a look at this - drivers in new jersey had a different kind of traffic to deal with on an emergency come ute after an emergency landing on a highway. a plane delicately yav gated on
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to the highway and to avoid traffic on to the medium. the small aircraft had five students from a sky-diving school on board when the plane loft power. for the pilot and his passengers. they walked away unharmed. thank goodness for that. >> 20 months of talking and deadlines coming and going, but diplomats decided it was worth pushing forward. now it's a done deal, an agreement that president obama said will block iran's load to developing a nuclear bomb. a deal that american negotiators say does not rely on trust but verification. still lots of questions to be