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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 15, 2015 10:00am-10:31am EDT

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painful but necessary, the greek parliament debates whether to pass austerity measures demanded by creditors. ♪ hello, this is al jazeera live coming to you from doha. coming up in the program, saudi-backed yemeni forces close to taking over the port in the city of aiden from houthi rebels, we have an exclusive report. and conflict in the japanese parliament to allow troops to
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fight overseas for the first time since world war ii. and a german who worked at the auschwitz death camp is ground guilty of being an accessory to murder. the greek parliament is currently debating whether to pass reforms demanded by the european creditors for another bailout. the prime minister will need opposition support, because some members of his own coalition have refused to back the deal. the deputy foreign minister has also resigned. >> translator: this parliament must not accept the blackmail, the blackmail which is aimed towards the government. >> translator: presently speaking as you know the whole of syriza didn't bail for the first bailout or the second
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bailout either. and we were right. i'm not going to vote for the third bailout either. >> prime minister tsipras is also facing a strike by public sector workers, protesting against increased austerity. despite the planned vote the deal may have been undermined already. the international monetary fund is threatening to withdraw its support unless european leaders agree to write off billions of greece's debt. whatever happens greece needs the mron -- money now. and they have voted to use an e.u. crisis fund to cover the short f-term needs. this is unpopular in britain. the british government now says bridging loans can be provided to greece without using tradition taxpayers money. in yemen, the battle over the southern city of aden has
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intensified. a commander of the saudi-backed government forces says they are close to retaking control of the main port. this comes a day after they ceased the airport from houthi fighters. jamal has the latest. >> reporter: with no movement on the diplomatic front in yemen. it's on the battlefield that developments are happening. fighters loyal to president hadi have taken control of aden's airport. they have been making significant advances to recapture the southern port city, which if they do would tip the balance in this war. they call it operation golden arrow. it's the first time fighters on the ground have engaged with the saudi-lead coalition. these exclusive pictures show new reinforcements including armored personnel carriers
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driven by pro-hadi fighters. this is home to several security compounds, including the coast guard and social forces military base. >> translator: we're now going to focus our attention on other areas in the city and by the bravery of these young fighters we will recapture all of aden. >> reporter: aden is yemen's second city. retaking it would then lead to an offensive to recapture sana'a. there has also been fierce fighting in ta'izz. there pro-hadi fighters managed to propel an attack. most of those fighting for president hadi have never fought a war before but they have the
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advantage of air cover from the saudi-lead coalition which is adamant about defeating the houthis and saleh. almost three months of air strikes have failed to change the situation on the ground but now that these fighters appear to be coordinating their efforts in the air strikes, and this could be a decisive battle for yemen. many in japan are furious at the ruling coalition has forced new military bills through a parliament committee. the ballot will now take place on thursday. if approved japanese troops could fight abroad for the first time since world war ii. harry fawcett has the report. >> reporter: it's a year since the japanese government reinterpreted the nation's passivist constitution to allow its troops to fight abroad in defense of its allies. the prime minister making a swift exit as the parliamentary
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committee descended into chaos. in the midst the ruling coalition managed to push security legislation to a full vote. it will spell out at what capacity they can use their forces for deployment. the controversy isn't limited to the politicians in parliament. a majority of voters oppose the bills. >> translator: i don't like the way they are trying to forcefully pass the bills. they are using words such as peace and cooperation, but i feel they are trying to deceive us with them. >> reporter: since world war ii japan's military has been firmly constrained. the new interpretation of the constitution changes all of that. one government scenario sees them mine sweeping in the gulf. but a bigger reason for both
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tokyo and washington is closer to japan's shores a need to project a greater level of deterrence in the face of a rising china. the u.s. president promised that japan would be able to put its new constitutional bills in action by the end of the year. the pakistani military says it has shot down an indian spy drone. india has denied this. we'll keep you updated on this story when we get more. the landmark nuclear deal between iran and six world powers is already having wider complications. the iranian foreign minister has been welcomed to upon his return to the capitol.
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the agreement will see iran limit its nuclear activities in return for the lifting of crippling sanctions. supporters of the deal gathered on the streets in tear ron overnight. many were celebrating the lifting of the sanctions and the impact of the deal on iran's international reputation. iran's economy has been strangled by the restrictions it has been virtually impossible to transfer money in or out of the country for years now. ali velshi sent this report from tehran, and he discusses the impact of the sanctions on iranians. >> reporter: for years now, sanctions on iran over its controversial nuclear program have taken a toll on the country's economy. not all trade with iran is prohibited. imports of food and drugs are still allowed, but the inability to wire money to pay for them
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effectively cuts iranians off from importing necessities like medicine. >> from day-to-day there was not major problem, but for patients for example children [ inaudible ] children with leukemia leukemia, we have major problems. >> reporter: it's hard to see the effects of sanctions up front. in iran's shops and bizarres shelves are full of items for sale. it looks the same with iran's ports, but business with the rest of the world has taken a big hit, because iranian companies can't pay for imports coming in or receive payments for exports going out. when i came to iran i had to bring all of the cash i would need, my credit cards don't work nor do my atm cards. in 2012, iran was pulled off the swift system the society for word wide interbank society for
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transactions. it allows for global trade through the transfer of money. because it is off of the swift system, iran iranian banks, and iranian people can't move money electronically around the world. >> the pain of sanctions is being felt across iran's major export industries like oil and auto. but sanctions also hit iranian consumers who must also contend with hyperinflation. that's devalued iran's currency to just a third of its value since 2010. in the end the forced belt tightening have pushed government negotiators to prioritize lifting sanctions over preserving the country's nuclear capacity. ali velshi al jazeera. in iraq at least 23 security forces and one isil fighter have been killed in an attack north of baghdad. the fighting in this central area is still going on. meanwhile the government is
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continuing its offensive to try to retake the largest province of anbar from isil. imran khan has more now from baghdad. >> reporter: the operation to take anbar province continues. the iraq security forces are moving in troops and heavy equip into the area and taking towns and villages on the outskirts of the two major cities. they take these villages these towns from isil and they use them as staging posts to mount an attack on these two big cities. now if they take the two big cities of ramadi and fallujah it will give them control of the whole province and that's the point of this operation, but also we have seen an increased number of u.s.-lead coalition air strikes in the area targeting nearly 67 positions around the city of fallujah have taken place in cent hours. this is the largest u.s.-lead coalition air strike campaign we have seen in anbar province, so
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it does suggest a stepping up of the u.s.-lead coalition air strikes. all of this is leading up to the taking of those two cities like i say. however experts say that maybe nothing will move for another ten days or so whilst the iraqi security forces get everything in place to mount the final offensives on the two major cities. uganda's leader attempts to immediate in burundi. >> i'll tell you why some undocumented haitians are still plans to cross into the dominican republic to live and work even though they face the threat of deportation. ♪
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♪ welcome back. a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. the greek parliament is currently debating whether to pass the reforms demanded by the european creditors for another bailout. the prime minister will need opposition support, for some members of his own coalition have reject the deal. saudi-backed yemeni government forces say they are close to retaking control of the main port in the southern city of aden. this comes a day after they seized the airport from houthi fighters. the japanese parliamentary committee has approved a set of security bills that could expand
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the role of the military. opposition mp's tried to block the move which would allow japanese troops to fight abroad for the first time since world war ii. the so-called book geeper of auschwitz has been found guilty of being an accessory to the murder of 300,000 people. he was sentenced to four years in jail. any charges date back to 1944 when hundreds of thousands of jews were gassed to death. he testified that he collected money, stolen from prisoners. prosecutors said that amounted to helping the death camps function. >> translator: unfortunately i cannot forgive him for what he has done. maybe he took the ring from my mother's finger when she was forced off of the train. i don't wish prison on him, because i know what it is like to be in prison. i was in auschwitz for two
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years. dominic cane sent out this update. >> reporter: the man who was the bookkeeper or accountant of auschwitz has culminated with a four-year prison sentence being given him. he was drafted to work at auschwitz and by his own admission, he has been responsible for collecting and dispersing the money that was taken from the victims of auschwitz who were gassed there. part of the deportations occupied europe to auschwitz during the 1940s. the charges related to the deportations of hundreds of thousands of jews from hungary in the spring and early summer of 1944. his responsibility was to take in the dollars, the foreign currency from those people who were gassed and incinerated and often it with. and he had admitted around ten
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years ago, that he was at auschwitz at the time concerned. and in court he apologized to god that some of the survivors had called on him to apologize to them as well. now we'll wait to see whether the german judicial system will decide he is fit at the age of 94 to serve his sentence. about 500 migrants have arrived in italy after being picked up from the met tarn. they were rescued from the a humanitarian organization that was entirely family run until last year when it launched a crowd-funded initiative. uganda's president has urged political rivals in burundi to unite to prevent civil war.
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presidential two-term limits were controversially scrapped in his own country the same issue that caused unrest in burundi. catherine soi reports. >> reporter: this man has a hard task ahead of him. ending a political crisis that has run since may. president pierre nkurunziza's critics say he has violated the constitution by running for a third term. some also question his credentials. he has been criticized for hanging on to power and cracking down on opposition in his country. but the men and women here say he has come with an open mind. >> we don't know what is his agenda so it is hard to make a
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[ inaudible ] or to tell [ inaudible ]. >> reporter: the government and ruling party representatives say they are also committed. >> translator: we're starting now, but we'll continue this dialogue even after the election. it will be all inclusive, and i'm sure we'll come up with an agreement. >> reporter: regional heads of state had recommended that the presidential election be postponed to the end of the month to allow for dialogue. among other things the possibility of forming a government of national unity, media freedom, and the country's security situation. >> if you get the wrong idea in your head that wrong idea will lead you to [ inaudible ], and wrong actions will produce problems. >> reporter: a break through in the talks is much needed. burundi remains very tense ahead
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of the presidential elections now to be held on the 21st. the it is fighting an unknown armed group in the north, and people we spoke to here say they don't feel safe anymore. on monday morning residents of this township found two of their neighborhoods, brothers hacked to death by unknown attackers. one brother was a political activist who had participated in the protests. on tuesday another man was found dead after he is said to have detonated a hand grenade. many people are hoping these talks will somehow bring peace back to burundi. catherine soi, al jazeera. in mexico new pictures have emerged of the tunnel used by el guzman in his escape from prison. it shows him actually escaping.
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the tunnel was full of oxygen tanks, truck batteries, and even a motorcycle. the mexican government is offering almost $4 million for his arrest. john hullman reports on the investigation. >> reporter: the morning mist envelen envel -- envelops the maximum security prison. joaquin guzman slipped out of the tunnel in his cell's bathroom on saturday evening, only 16 months after the government paraded him as their biggest capture in the war against drugs. the interior minister left no doubt this was an inside job. >> translator: he had to have had help from the staff or bosses of the prison. if that's confirmed, it will be an about of corruption and betrayalal of the mexican people. >> reporter: heads are already
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rolling. among them the prison director. behind me is the building where el chapo emerges after walking through a 1.5 kilometer tunnel that began just under his prison cell. that tunnel was equipped with ventilation, it was tall enough for him to walk standing up in and had electric lighting. it was a meticulously planned operation. neighbors told us the work started a year ago. soon after el chapo was locked up. >> they had a generate and you could see the lights from the window. >> reporter: it's the second time guzman has escaped prison. legend has it the first time, 14 years ago, was in a laundry basket. this time around the u.s. were desperate to exdiet them. the mexican government refused, but now their biggest prize has become their biggest
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embarrassment. >> what his escaping does is shatters the illusion of power. so the government is not seen as a strong force, which can make demands on traffickers, which can lay down the rules. it's seen as week and that could have serious implications on the ground. >> reporter: the government has launched an all-out manhunt across the country. but there are no clues so far as to where el chapo is enjoying his newly found freedom. undocumented haitians are still trying to cross into neighboring dominican republic to live and seek work. for generations haitians and people of haitian descent have filled some of the lowest-paying jobs in the dominican republic.
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>> reporter: this well sits a few meters outside of this man's home. a one-room shack he shares with five others. a place he never wanted to return to. earlier this year he was deported, he says. a steady job on a farm in the dominican republic and regular pay, gone. >> translator: life is better in dominican republic. there is work over there. here there is nothing. people go hungry. there is just nothing here. >> reporter: his plan now is to return to the dominican republic anyway he can. over the border there is a constant demand for cheap, haitian labor, an economic opportunity haiti has no chance of matching. >> it will continue first of all because our economy is not up to par. we cannot really give them jobs. they need the haitians.
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they need the low-skill haitian workers to further their economy. >> reporter: what work there is offers little pay and little chance of breaking the cycle of poverty. >> translator: life is too hard here. it's too difficult to make it here. that's why people will try to go to the dominican republic. >> reporter: haiti was once one of the richest colonies. disasters, coups, and corruption have driven the country into poverty. a poor country, with porous borders. haitians cross borders like this every day, and if they don't have the right papers they tell us they can easily bride a border guard. >> translator: we went without papers at night. there were 50 of us. we walked for four days. >> reporter: for the moment he
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is treasuring time with his children. he'll leave them behind again, if it means he can give them what they need. adam raney al jazeera, haiti. the u.s. has recovered hundreds of looted iraqi artifact from isil during a recent raid in syria. the items include relics of some of the oldest civilizeationcivilizations. jane arraf reports. >> reporter: there have been lots of allegations, but this is believed to be the first public evidence that isil is funding some of its operations through looted antiques. the u.s. says its special forces recovered several hundred artifacts after killing a senior isil leader in syria in may. they say along with intelligence documents and data they seized antiques including gold coins more than 1,000 years old.
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in between the looting of the iraq museum, and isil's destruction of ancient sites, iraq has been steadily losing parts of its heritage. the u.s. says it couldn't have done anything to protect the sites from the armed group some call daesh. >> as you know jane the coalition does not have boots on the ground and certainly using air strikes on targets like that could actually be more damaging to the pat ramonny of park than whatever the daesh members were doing. i think we can agree the best way to ensure that daesh can no longer destroy historical pat ramonnys is to expel daesh from the region. >> reporter: the u.s. brought
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the artifacts here. every object displayed has a number. three of these have numbers from the iraq museum here in baghdad. they were believed to have been looted in 2003 but as for the rest it's going to take a lot of research to determine where they came from. these were some hundreds of cylinders looted in 2003. senior archeologists say there's no indication any of these objects are from the mosul museum damaged by isil after it took over parts of the city. others might have been looted from illegal excavations of archaeological sites in iraq and syria. this book on parchment is believed to have come from a church in syria. these objects were believed to be part of what u.n. heritage officials describe as a business suspected of bringing in hundreds of millions of dollars for isil but one that is
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extremely hard to prove. jane arraf, al jazeera, baghdad. and a reminder you can keep up to date with all of the news on our website. that's keep up to date of course with that all-important greek vote taking place in parliament. ♪ selling the deal president obama tries to convince congress and the american people to support the iran nuclear agreement. [ gunfire ] it's the video police in one california town did not want released. officers killing an unarmed man. now many in the community are debating if it was justified or not. and greece's parliament debates new