Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 15, 2015 11:00am-12:01pm EDT

11:00 am
>> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ hello and welcome to the news hour live from al jazeera's headquarters in doha. coming up on the program program -- under pressure greek parliament debates austerity me measure measures. saudi-lacked yemeni forces say they are close to recapturing
11:01 am
aden. we have an exclusive report. protests in the japanese parliament over a plan to allow troops to fight overseas for the first time since world war ii. and caught on camera the moment mexico's most wanted drug barron fled from his cell to freedom. ♪ hello there, well the greek parliament is bebaiting whether to pass reforms demanded by its creditors for another bailout. the prime minister will need opposition support because some of his own coalition members have refused to back the deal. >> reporter: this is a critical day for greece its politicians have the country's immediate fate in their hands. on their agenda the opening salvo in yet another round of belt tightening for the greek
11:02 am
people. more tax, higher retirement age, conditions set by europe if more money is to arrive. rebels from the ruling party will vote against but the numbers are still in the prime minister's favor. his allies will say there is simply no choice. >> translator: there was no other option available in order to prevent the eruption of a new humanitarian crisis. being aware of this today in the parliament, we are asking for the agreement to be voted in. we do not talk up the situation, and we are trying as much as possible to soften the painful consequences of this agreement. outside the public sector union was on strike and on the march. >> translator: i'm here to protest against the government. it has done nothing different from the previous one. the workers are still bearing the burden of austerity. >> reporter: in year's gone by this union would have been able
11:03 am
to pull tense of thousands of supporters on to the street. today they are noisy, but there are just a few hundred of them. it's a sign perhaps of the growing we ariness of the greek pop ration. and the realization that there is no escape from the austerity. >> translator: they have protested, clashed with police, elected three new governments and voted no in referendum and still they get this agreement. >> reporter: the public sector has been shielded from the worst of austerity so far. the continued closing of banks, and warning of imminent financial collapse has frightened most greeks into submission. mr. tsipras says it won't be too long before his creditors agree to ease the conditions. >> crunch time for mr. tsipras,
11:04 am
mohammed. what is the mood like there? >> reporter: i'm still encountering anger, anxiety from a lot of folks here but the prevalent mood i'm hearing of most is exhaustion as simon just put it there's a sense of weariness here. people are tired of this drama and want to see it come to an end. the question is will these measures actually be voted in. a lot of the greek people i have been speaking with say that even though they believe both deals that they could have taken are bad, that they do hope that they continue in the euro zone because even though there will be austerity measures they feel it's the only way forward. i spoke with a university educated mathematician who works as a bartender, i work with a 30 year old unemployed book editor. the jobs just aren't there.
11:05 am
right now they want to see whatever measures are going to take effect take effect have the bank reopen have the government start working again, and really get a sense that things will start to get back on track. >> do you think that the prime minister will have his job to go to in the coming hours? >> reporter: well that's a very interesting question because even though there is a lot of anger still directed towards the government here, especially with regard to the austerity measures that may be voted into effect tonight. most of the people still very much support tsipras. there is a sentiment that the prime minister has been backed into a corner that he is a truly patriotic greek prime minister and that he is trying his best to make sure the country can go forward and the economy can get back on track. it's complicated because of what the ifm has said today that
11:06 am
these measures are unsustainable. and yesterday the prime minister gave an interview in which he essentially said this deal was not a good one and yet, he said it's really the only way forward. it's the only thing they could have done to try to get things back on track. an interesting headline yesterday, said that for tsipras it's a marathon in brussels it's a sprint here. it is crunch time we'll see what happens, but a lot of tension of what is going to happen past this evening. >> mohammed thank you very much for that. to yemen where the battle over the southern city of aden has intensified. a commander of the government-backed forces say they are close to taking control of the main port. jamal has the latest. >> reporter: with no movement on the diplomatic front in yemen,
11:07 am
it's on the battlefield that developments are happening. fighters loyal to president hadi have taken control of aden's international airport, or what is left of it. they have been making significant advances to recapture the southern port city which if they do would tip the balance in this war. they call it operation golden arrow. it's the first time fighters on the ground have engaged in a joint operation with the saudi-lead coalition. these pictures show new reinforcements including personnel carriers driven by pro-hadi fighters. they managed to capture an area that are home to several compounds. >> translator: we're now going to focus our attention on other areas in the city and by the bravery of these young fighters we will recapture all of aden.
11:08 am
aden is yes, ma'am opinion's second city, taking control of it would allow for president hadi and his government to return to the country and potentially launch a campaign to recapture the capitol sana'a. there's also been fierce fighting in ta'izz which is on the road between aden and sana'a. there pro-hadi fighters managed to repel an attack by the houthis and their allies. most of those fighting for president hadi have never fought a war before. but they have the advantage of air cover from the saudi-lead coalition which is adamant about defeating the houthis and saleh. almost three months of air strikes have failed to change the situation on the ground but now that these fighters appear to be coordinating their efforts with the air strikes and in the abscess of any real piece talks
11:09 am
this could be a decisive battle for yemen. >> an independent journalist who specializes in yemen joins me live via skype. what was it like there? >> reporter: i was in aden last month, and the situation was pretty desperate then. mostly for the civilians in particular. there's a huge humanitarian crisis going on but in the battle that was ongoing in aden at that time and really saleh's forces and the houthis together they seemed to have the upper hand at that point. but things have obviously changed quite dramatically in the last few days. >> what seems to be the most pressing need in terms of -- you spoke of civilians there. we were hoping for aid to get into yemen, but obviously that hasn't happened.
11:10 am
>> yes aiden was one of the areas that was struggling the most, really. the houthis were preventing food going in by road whilst at the same time the saudis imposed this naval blockade so even though some shipments were able to get through, civilians were suffering from shortage of food medicines, and medical staff and were extremely isolated in the city. and similar in ta'izz further north. so the humanitarian crisis has left not only a million people displaced but now there's over 20 million people in need of aid in yemen. and that has been a growing problem in this conflict in particular where you have seen ground fighting. >> one of the justifications for the blockade is it allows armoury weapons into yemen. what was your assessment of the
11:11 am
situation? >> reporter: yemen is one of the most well armed countries in the world anyway as far as small arms is concerned. the issue over weapons was of course the saudis were concerned that the houthis would be able to get arm supplies into the country to help them with their fight. but actually what has turned the tables in aden now has been the fact that the saudi-lead coalition particularly through the emirates as well have been getting weapons in by sea to the southern resistance who are anti-houthis have been fighting with the support of the saudis. so without those weapons shipments coming in i think they would have struggled to change the momentum in this conflict, but the saudis were concentrating on really having a strangle hold on the houthis, but at the same time that was preventing commercial shipments when yemen imports 90% of its food it was always affecting
11:12 am
fuel supplies massively, which has a knock-on effect on water supplies. and water shortages have become an increasing struggle now. >> all right thank you very much. many in japan are furious at the ruling coalition has forced new military bills through a parliamentary committee. a full house ballot will now take place on thursday. if the legislation is approved japanese troops could fight abroad for the first time since world war ii. harry fawcett has the report. >> reporter: it's a year since the japanese government re reinterpreted the nation's passivist constitution to allow its troops to fight abroad. the prime minister making a swift exit as the parliamentary committee debating the issue descended into chaos.
11:13 am
legislation will spell out in what circumstances japan's self-defense forces can use their right to collective self-defense allowing the government to deploy them. the controversy isn't limited to the politicians. a imagine yourty of japanese voters oppose the bills. >> translator: i don't like the way they are trying to forcefully pass the bills. they are using words such as peace and cooperation, but i feel they are trying to deceive us with them. >> reporter: since world war ii, japan's military has been firmly constrained. the new interpretation of the constitution changes all of that. one government scenario sees them mine sweeping in the gulf with a hypothetical oil blockade threatened japan and u.s. but a big reason is closer to japan's shores a need to project a greater level of unity
11:14 am
and deterrence in the face of a rising china. the prime minister knows he has the votes in parliament and seems determined to push on whatever the political cost at home. harry fawcett, al jazeera. still to come in the news hour german court jails 94 year old man for being an accessory to murder in the auschwitz death camp. and the ukrainian villagers determined to stay home as fighting rages around them. and in the sport, the open championship favorite is already hitting the target in scotland. andy will have that story soon. ♪ the pakistani military says that it has shot down an indian
11:15 am
spy drone. it says the drone violated pakistani air space in pakistan administered kashmir. india has denied the claim. let's get more from kamal heidler. what is going on kamal? >> that's an interesting question, the pakistani military says they shot down the spy drone, and a technical team is going to be evaluating to see what the drone was up to. however, they have said this was a surveillance drone taking pictures into pakistani military, and this is a clear violation of the ceasefire as well as the understanding that was reached just recently when the two prime ministers met in russia. so bit of tension here. although as you mentioned, the indians are denying it.
11:16 am
>> thank you very much for that. a 94-year-old man who worked as an accountant at a nazi death camp has been found guilty of being an accessory of murder. dominic kane reports. >> reporter: he entered the court a frail elderly man. for three months this trial has heard evidence of oscar's wartime past. how as a young man, he worked for the ss has a clerk at auschwitz. earlier in the trial he told the court that he did acknowledge moral guilt, but that it was for the judges to establish legal guilt. now they have. sentencing him to four years in prison. >> translator: the presiding judge explained that the defendant's service in auschwitz should be taken as a whole, supporting the main crime, murder in 300,000 cases and
11:17 am
should be found guilty as such. >> reporter: ouch it with was the single most murderous camp that the nazis ran. it's thought that one million jews were killed at the camp. 100,000 soviet soldiers, homosexuals, poles, and political prisoners were also murdered. oscar was at the camp between 1942 and 1944. his role was to collect and sort the belongings of the murdered. he had particular responsibility for foreign currency jewels and gold found among the possessions. leon survived ourauschwitz. 30 other members of his family did not. he spoke to reporters after the sentence was pronounced. >> translator: unfortunately i cannot forgive him for what he
11:18 am
has done nch maybe he took the ring from my mother's finger when she was forced off of the train, and my father too. >> reporter: in previous interviews ten years ago, oscar chose to speak about his time at auschwitz, as we put it then to oppose those who deny exterminations ever happened there? he is likely to be one of the last surviving members of the ss who served in auschwitz to stand trial. although he was given a jail sentence, his frailty may mean he does not actually go to prison. in iraq at least 23 security forces and one isil fight ver been killed in an attack north of baghdad. the fighting -- is still going on. and the government is continuing its offensive to try to retake the largest province from isil. imran khan has more from baghdad. >> reporter: the operation to take anbar province continues.
11:19 am
iraqi security forces are moving in troops and heavy equipment into the area and they are take towns and villages on the outskirts of the two major cities. this is a tactic that we have seen the iraq security forces do before. they take these villages these towns from isil and they use them as staging posts to mount an attack on these two big cities. now if they take the two big cities of ramadi and fallujah it will give them control of the whole province and that is the point of this operation. but also we have seen an increased number of u.s.-lead coalition air strikes in the area targeting nearly 67 positions around the city of fallujah have taken place in recent hours. this is the largest air strike campaign we have seen in anbar province, so it does suggest a stepping up of the u.s.-lead coalition air strikes. all of this is leading up to the taking of those two cities like i say, ramadi and fallujah
11:20 am
however, experts say that maybe nothing will move for the texten in days or so as that iraqi security forces getting the final equipment into place. the u.s. has handed back ancient artifacts. jane arraf has had a firsthand look. >> reporter: there have been lots of allegations that this is believed to be the first public evidence that isil is funding some of its operation through looted antiques. the u.s. says its special forces recovered several hundred artifacts after killing a senior isil leader in syria in may. they say along with intelligence documents and data they seized antiques including gold coins more than 1,000 years old.
11:21 am
in between the looting of the iraq museum in 2003 and isil's destruction of ancient sites iraq has been steadily losing parts of its heritage. >> translator: we are working with our friends and partners and the result is the event today. >> reporter: the u.s. says it couldn't have done anything to protect those sites from the armed groups some call daesh. >> as you know jane the coalition does not have boots on the ground and certainly using air strikes on targets like that could actually be more damaging to the patramonny of iraq than whatever the daesh members were doing. the best way to ensure they can't destroy these historic artifacts is to expel daesh from the region. >> reporter: the u.s. brought the artifacts from syria to the
11:22 am
kurdish region before delivering them here. every item has a number. three of these have numbers from the iraq museum here in baghdad. they were believed to have been looted in 2003 but as for the rest it is going to take a lot of research to determine where they came from. these were used as official seals on tablets. senior archeologists say there's no indication that any of these objects are from the mosul museum damaged by isil after it took over parts of the city. others might have been looted from illegal excavations of archaeological sites in iraq and syria. this book on parchment in arabic and believed to have come from a church in syria. these objects were believed to be part of what u.n. heritage officials describe as a business suspected of bringing in hundreds of millions of dollars for isil but one that is
11:23 am
extremely hard to prove. jane arraf, al jazeera, baghdad. the u.n. special representative to libya, says he is confident a new peace agreement will lead to a transitional government there. he has just addressed the u.n. security council. libya has been suffering from a power vacuum since the fall of gadhafi in 2011. but one of the two rival governments wasn't part of last sunday's deal. kristen saloomey has more now from the u.n. thank you for joining us. and what is the reaction been to this peace agreement? >> reporter: well as you say, the international community is very concerned about this power vacuum that does exist in libya, so we have heard from council diplomats that they are pleased that this agreement has come. they support and welcome his efforts, but there is concern that one of the main opposition groups has not signed on to this
11:24 am
deal. the deal is for a one-year government of national accord and it allows the tobruk-based internationally recognized government to hold on to legislative power with its house of representatives. that was opposed by the general national council, which is the group that now holds control of tripoli and many government offices there. this group was involved in early rounds of peace talks, but did not take part in the last round of negotiations and so did not sign on to the deal but we did hear from bernardino leon that the door is still open to them. and that there was still time for them to come back to the negotiations which is the ultimate goal of the security council to have all groups involved in this piece accord. here is more of what leon had to say. >> i want to emphasize that the door remained open for them to
11:25 am
join. i also wish to emphasize and acknowledge their important role in developing this text. this agreement is also the fruit of their hard work and they should not be on the sidelines, as this shared vision for a solution to the crisis continues to take shape. >> is the council doing anything to support leon's efforts there? >> reporter: the gnc to come back to the table there. >> kristen, just very quickly, is he getting support for all of his effort? >> reporter: oh, that is unfortunate, we have seem to have lost kristen saloomey there at the u.n. in new york. we'll come back to her if and when we get her. next the race to make the most of the iran nuclear deal has already begun with the
11:26 am
french and german foreign ministers announcing a visit. it is estimated that exports to iran could quadruple in the next few years, chemical renewable energy, automobile and healthcare sectors are already being targeted. oil too. iran's energy minister says it intended to attract a hundred billion dollars of foreign investment to modernize its equipment, and there's hope the deal will mean more tourism for iraq. britain's foreign secretary says he hopes to open its embassy there before the end of the year. iran's economy has been strangled by the restrictions that have been in place. ali velshi has this report from tehran. >> reporter: for years now, sanctions on iran over its controversial nuclear program, have taken a toll on the
11:27 am
country's economy. not all trade with iran is prohibit prohibited. imports of food and drugs are still allowed, but the inability to wire money to pay for them effectively cuts iranians off from importing necessities like medicine. >> for day-to-day i think there was not play jor problem. but for patients for example, children with leukemia children with brain tumor, we have major problems. >> reporter: it's hard to see the effects of sanctions up front. in shops, shelves are full of goods for sale. and business is still brisk. it looks the same with iran's ports. but business with the rest of the world has taken a big hit because iranian companies can't pay for imports coming in or -- [ audio lost ]
11:28 am
in 2012 iran was pulled off of the swift system it's a society of 9,000 banks in most of the world's countries which allow for global trade through the transfer of money. because it is off of the swift system, iran iranian banks, and iranian people can't move money electronically around the world. the pain of sanctions is being felt across iran's major export industries like oil and auto. but sanctions also hit iranian consumers who must also contend with hyperinflation. it's devalued iran's currency to a third of its value since 2010. in the end the forced belt tightening by businesses and workers have pushed government negotiators to prioritize lifting sanctions over preserving the country's nuclear
11:29 am
capacity. coming up in just a minute uganda's leader attempts to immediate in burundi. i'm on the haitian dominican reporter i'll tell you why some undocumented haitians are still crossing the boarder to live and work even though they face deportation. coming up find out who is on course to reach the top level football competition. ♪
11:30 am
11:31 am
>> al jazeera's investigative unit has tonight's exclusive report. >> stories that have impact. that make a difference. that open your world. >> this... is what we do. >> america tonight. tuesday through friday 10:00 eastern. only on al jazeera america. >> the fda isn't testing enough. >> now science is pursuing an organic alternative. >> these companies are trying out new technologies. >> no hormones are ever added
11:32 am
into our tanks. >> mmm! >> techknow's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> i'm standing in a tropical windstorm. >> can affect and surprise us. >> wow, some of these are amazing. >> techknow - where technology meets humanity. ♪ welcome back. a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. the greek parliament is debating whether to pass the reforms demanded by its creditors for another bailout. saudi-backed yemeni government forces say they are close to retaking control of the main port in the southern city of aden. this comes a day after they
11:33 am
ceased the airport from houthi fighters. the japanese parliamentary committee has approved a set of security bills that could expand the role of the military. opposition mp's could allow fighters to fight abroad for the first time since world war ii. new video has emerged of el chapo guzman's escape from prison. the tunnel was full of oxygen tank truck batteries, and even a motorcycle. the mexican government is offering almost $4 million for his arrest. john hullman reports. >> reporter: the morning mist en envel -- envelops the prison.
11:34 am
joaquin guzman slipped out of the tunnel its in cell's bathroom on saturday evening only 16 months after the government parade him as their biggest capture in their war on drugs. >> translator: he had to have had help from the staff or bossesover the prison. if that's confirmed, it will be an about of corruption and a betrayalal of the mexican people. >> reporter: heads are already rolling, among them that of the prison director for a jailbreak reminiscent of a hollywood movie. behind me is the building where el chapo emerged after walking through the 1.5 kilometer tunnel that began under his cell. it was equipped with ventilation, and even had electric lighten. it was a -- mat tick lousily
11:35 am
planned operation. it's the second time guzman has escaped prison. legend has it the first time, 14 years ago, was in a laundry basket. this time around the u.s. were desperate to extradite him. the mexican government refused, but now their biggest prize has become their biggest embarrassment. >> what his escaping does is shatters the illusion of power. so the government is not seen as a strong force which can make demands on traffickers, which can lay down the rules. it is seen as weak and that can have serious implications on the ground. >> reporter: the government has launched an all-out manhunt
11:36 am
across the country. but there are no clues so far as to where el chapo is enjoying his newly found freedom. undocumented haitians are still trying to cross into neighboring dominican republic to live and seek work even though they face deportation. for generations haitians and people of haitian decent have filled some of the lowest-paying jobs in the dominican republic. adam raney reports. >> reporter: the one thing this man knows he can provide for his family in haiti is water. this well sits a few meters outside of his home a one-room shack he shares with five others. a place he never wanted to return to. earlier this year he was dpoerted, he says, a steady job on a farm in the dominican republic and regular pay, gone. >> translator: life is better in the dominican republic. there's work over there. here there is nothing. people go hungry.
11:37 am
kids don't have anything. and are always crying. there is just nothing here. >> reporter: his plan now is to return to the dominican republic any way he can. over the border there is a constant demand for cheap haitian labor, an economic opportunity haiti has no chance of matching and which continues to drive haitians to leave. >> it will continue first of all, because our economy is not up to par. we cannot really give them jobs. they need the haitians. they need the low-skill haitian workers to further their economy. >> reporter: what work there is offers little pay, and little chance of breaking the cycle of poverty. >> translator: life is too hard here. it's too difficult to make it here. that's why people will try to go to the dominican republic. >> reporter: haiti was once one of the richest colonies. days long gone.
11:38 am
disasters, coups, and corruption have driven the country into poverty. a poor country with porous borders, easy to cross even at official check points. haitians cross borders like this one every day, and if they don't have the right papers they tell us they can easily bride a border guard. this man knows well what it takes to make the journey. >> translator: we went without papers at night. there were 50 of us. we walked for four days. >> reporter: for the moment he's treasuring time with his children. he'll leave them behind again if it means he can give them what they need. adam raney al jazeera, haiti. at least eight ukrainian troops have been killed in fighting in eastern ukraine in the past two days. the death toll is now at the highest in weeks. the ceasefire agreement signed five months ago between the
11:39 am
ukrainian government and pro-russian separatists seems to have been long forgotten. charles stratford reports. >> reporter: 76 year old valentin has gotten used to the gunfire nearby. she built her house with her mother and has lived here more than 50 years. >> translator: the house will cry for me if i leave. i would feel like i'm betraying my home if i go. i will sit here until they bomb me. the house looks at me and sees that i am still alive, and so it lives on too. >> reporter: she talks to her friend who brings her bread every day. there's been no electricity here for months. she has no cellar to hide in when the shelling starts. >> translator: is that firing coming in this direction or going out? she nervously asks?
11:40 am
she says when her neighbors house was hit, shrapnel from the blast shot her through wall narrowly missing her sister who was lying on her bed. >> translator: sometimes the shrapnel is flying and i think where do i hide? do i stand in the corner or the street? they are bombing. sometimes they shell for four to five hours non-stop. >> reporter: virtually every house in the neighborhood has been damaged in the fighting. thousands of families once lived here now only stray dogs roam the streets. a ceasefire was signed in february. she is the only person still living on this street everybody else has been evacuated or left on their own accord. it has been five months since the ceasefire was signed, and the fighting in this neighborhood and the surrounding area continues almost every day. the fighting may be less intense than before the february ceasefire was signed but people are still forced to leave their
11:41 am
homes in areas where the violence continue. these women have fled the shelling where they lived. the other daughter and her seven-month-old baby will join them in the coming days. >> translator: it's terrible we are innocent and have never hurt anyone. now we are homeless. i had a simple house, and it was mine but now i'm old and i have nothing. >> reporter: the pro-russian separatists are increasingly nervous about talking to journalists, a fighter at this check point said tell the world there are no russian soldiers here, but we wish they would come. the united nations says more than a million people have been forced to flee their homes since the fighting in ukraine started. there are only a few people like valentina prepared to die rather than abandon the little they own. charles stratford, al jazeera,
11:42 am
donetsk, eastern ukraine. uganda's president has urged political rivals in burundi to unite to present a civil war. presidential two-term limits were scrapped in his own country, the same issue that caused unrest in burundi after the president launched a third-term bid. catherine soi reports. this man has a hard task ahead of him, ending a political crisis that has run since may with months of protests and a failed coup. president pierre nkurunziza's critics say he is violating the constitution by running for a third term. they insist the mood in the country isn't right for a free and fair election. some also question his credentials. he has been criticized for hanging on to power and cracking down on opposition in his country, but the men and women
11:43 am
here say they have come with an open mind. >> we have not yet interact with [ inaudible ]. and we don't know what is his agenda. so it -- it is hard to make an [ inaudible ] or to tell [ inaudible ] expectations. >> reporter: the government and ruling party representatives say they are also committed. >> translator: we're starting now, but we'll continue this dialogue even after the election. it will be all inclusive, and i'm sure we'll come up with an agreement. >> reporter: regional heads of state had recommended that the presidential election be postponed to the end of the month to allow for dialogue. when among other things the possibility of forming a government of national unity, media freedom, and the country's security situation. >> if you get the wrong idea in your head that wrong idea will lead you to wrong options, and
11:44 am
wrong options will produce problems. >> reporter: a break through in the talks is much needed. burundi remains very tense ahead of the presidential elections now to be held on the 21st. the military says it is fighting an unknown armed group in the north and people we spoke to here say they don't feel safe anymore. on monday morning residents of this township found two of their neighbors, brothers hacked to death by unknown attackers. one of the brothers was a political activist who had participated in the protests. on tuesday another man was found dead after he is said to have detonated a hand grenade. such incidents have become common, and many people are hoping these talks will somehow bring peace back to burundi. now drivers in the u.s.
11:45 am
state of new jersey have had an unexpected companion on their morning commute after a emergency landing on a busy highway. the pilot of this skydiving plane very delicately navigated on to the grassy central area. the small aircraft had five students on board from a nearby skydiving school when it's engine lost power. the pilot and passengers were unharmed. there's skill for you. still to come this news hour -- >> i'm at the old city in occupied east jerusalem, where the israeli government has eased some restrictions on palestinian worshippers coming here to pray for the month of ramadan. and you can find out who came out on top of the game between the biggest stars in major league baseball. ♪
11:46 am
11:47 am
♪ thailand is suffering its worst drought in more than 40 years with very little rain since the end of last year. farmers are increasingly worried about the harvest and their livelihoods. our correspondent met farmers in the worst-hit parts of the country. >> reporter: there has been no significant rainfall here since the end of last year. following one failed crop this year, this man isn't planting rice on her small holding. she says with no rain in sight, there will be no harvest and no
11:48 am
income this year. any land she rents is parched and dry. water in her village is being rationed and no one is working in the fields. >> translator: i feel hopeless and have sleepless nights because of the stress. the only way to soothe my mind is to think i am not alone in this. farmers in other areas might have more water, but there's still lots who have no water like me. >> reporter: many farmers in her community have been working the fields for generations. they often rent the land and have taken loans out for rice seed. here they are discussing repayments with bang managers. all have been reassured that their repayments will be deferred for a year with no interest charges. it's one less problem for her to worry about. in other areas government irrigation managers and the military are overseeing the amount of water any one farmer can take from a canal. >> translator: we need to make
11:49 am
sure people have enough to use for their daily life and support ecosystem. we are trying to manage the water to make it last through this dry season and until the next rainy season. >> reporter: millions of liters of water should be flowing through canals like this. seasonal rains, which were expected to fall two months ago, are now not expected until early august raising fears for the harvest. thailand is one of the biggest exporters of rice but the estimated 20% drop in thai production is expected to affect the world market. changing crops to sugar cane hasn't helped here. failed crops have benefited some who can use the land for grazing. for this woman, making ends meet means working for $2.5 a day to help a florist. it's not much but it can help until she can go back to her
11:50 am
fields she tells us. okay let's catch up with our all-important sport. >> one of the world's oldest golf courses getting ready to host one of golf's newest stars. the 21 year old american is in the form of his life ahead of thursday's first round at the st. andrew's course in scotland. he has won the first two majors of the season and now has a chance to match ben hogan's achieve of winning the first three majors. >> only one other person in the history of golf has done that doesn't come around very often. but when i start on thursday it won't be in my head. it will be about how can i bring this open championship down to just another event. and try to get myself in
11:51 am
contention. >> everyone's title ambitions have been hosted by rory mcen roi's injury. the 26 year old is yet to win a major and finished second behind mcelroy at last year's open. >> obviously jordan has been playing amazing golf and rory has been doing that for quite sometime. so i do have some work to do. i need to continue winning, and putting myself in positions to win. >> reporter: in football nigeria have named one of their former captains as their new coach. he takes over from the coach who was fired early this month. the 40 year old won the africa cup of nations and an olympic gold with nigeria. he is relatively unproven in management and only coached in
11:52 am
the belgium lower leagues. >> first of all [ inaudible ] i'm not coming in as man who knows it all, i'm not coming in as someone who can singularly alone, just turn [ inaudible ] to german. but i'm coming as a man who has come to serve his country and ready to give [ inaudible ]. river plates have taken a big step towards qualifying. two second half goals deciding this game. the opener there. and contested effort coming up here from mora for the two-time winners of south america's top cup competition. the other semifinal is coming up between brazil and mexico. jamaica have booked their
11:53 am
place in the quarter finals of the gold cup. they are going through as winners of group b after beating el salvador 1-0. el salvador could still progress as one of the better placed third teams. and costa rica have secured their place without winning a single group game. their third draw coming against canada. canada go out of the competition. in cricket australia are set to make changes ahead of the second ashes test. australia beaten by 169 wins in the opener. the wicket keeper has dropped out for personal reasons. while watson dropped after a [ inaudible ]. this man looks set to overcome his injury concerns.
11:54 am
with peter ready to step in if needed. >> a few weeks now i'm carrying drinks, and yeah just ready to go looking forward to the opportunity, but yeah [ inaudible ] he got off very well today. up the middle. both ends. and he is feeling good. so just a waiting game at the moment for myself. but everyone is fit at the moment, which is nice. the biggest name in major league baseball have been on show at the all-star game. the players are selected by fans players, and coaches. it was the american league that finished on top. getting them going with a home run here. he also won the mvp award. the nationals went on to win 6-3. and that means the american league will open the world series at home. >> when i go out there, i play my hardest every day. when i'm in there, i'm playing nine innings hard and it's just
11:55 am
an incredible honor to be part of the all-star game and winning mvp twice is special for sure. >> more on our website, you can get the latest on the tour de france where chris frum has maintained his big lead. more sport coming up later on. >> thank you very much andy. thank you. traitors at the old city of occupied east jerusalem are enjoying a major boost in business this ramadan. our correspondent reports. >> reporter: at peak prayer times, more than 80,000 muslim worshippers have offered prayers during this year's month of ramadan. it follows a rare decision by the israeli government to allow woman of all ages and men age
11:56 am
40 and over from the occupied west bank to travel into east jerusalem without permits to pray at islam's third holiest site. palestinians are normally not able to cross the check points without permits. the travel documents are often difficult to obtain. which is why this man from the west bank city hasn't been able to pray here in years. >> translator: visiting jerusalem after so long is so wonderful for me and my family, but especially for my daughters. she has never been here before. >> reporter: palestinians are guaranteed the right to freedom of movement under international law, but israel as a policy tightly restricts it. the record number of muslim worshippers who have been able to come here to pray for the month of ramadan have brought with them spirit and cash. traders here say they haven't
11:57 am
seen business this brisk in years. the celebration which marks the end of ramadan is when muslims give loved ones gifts of clothing and sweets. vendors in the old city say they have barely been able to keep up with the demand. >> translator: in the past these streets would be empty. but since israel opened the check point, business has been great. >> reporter: joining the thousands of palestinian visitors from the west bank have been a few hundred muslim woe shippers from the gaza strip. all enjoying the sites, food and shopping the old city has to offer. but israel's restrictions will be back in place shortly after the eve celebration. stay with us here on al jazeera. we have got another full bulletin of news straight ahead, with barbara sarah. stay tuned. ♪
11:58 am
11:59 am
12:00 pm
anger on the streets, fury in parliament greece decides on the latest bailout package as the international monetary fund report says the deal is un unsustainable. ♪ hello, i'm barbara sarah, you are watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up on the program, saudi-backed yemeni forces seize an airport, and now say they are closing in on the main sea port. the mannone as the bookkeeper of