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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 15, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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anger on the streets, fury in parliament greece decides on the latest bailout package as the international monetary fund report says the deal is un unsustainable. ♪ hello, i'm barbara sarah, you are watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up on the program, saudi-backed yemeni forces seize an airport, and now say they are closing in on the main sea port. the mannone as the bookkeeper of auschwitz is
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finally convicted for his role at the nazi death camp. and we'll meet the growers who are reviving somalia's once thriving banana farms. ♪ thank you for joining us. there have been angry exchanges in greece's parliament where politicians are debating a new bailout deal. under the agreement with euro zone leaders, politicians must vote by midnight local time five hours from now. the prime minister is trying to convince them to approve it but that job has been made more difficult by a critical report from the international monetary fund. the imf says the euro zone deal will not work because greece's debt is highly unsustainable, and it needs to be given more time to pay it off. the prime minister is also facing fierce opposition outside of parliament as greek public
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sector workers stage a 24-hour strike against the rescue package. whatever happens greece needs to keep paying its bills, and the e.u. has proposed $7 billion in bridging funds to support the government for the rest of the month. here is simon mcgregor-wood. >> reporter: this is a critical day for greece. its politicians have the country's immediate fate in their hands. on the agenda the opening salva in another round of belt tightening for the people. conditions set by europe if more money is to arrive. rebels from the ruling party will vote against, but the numbers are still in the prime minister's favor. his allies will say there is simply no choice. >> translator: there was no other option available in order to prevent the eruption of a new humanitarian crisis. being aware of this today we
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are asking for the agreement to be voted in. we do not talk up the situation, and we are trying as much as possible to soften the painful consequences of this agreement. >> reporter: outside, the public sector worker's union was on strike and on the march. >> translator: i'm here to protest against the government. it has done nothing different from the previous one. the workers are still bearing the burden of austerity. >> reporter: in years gone by this union would have been able to pull tens of thousands of supporters on to the street. today they are noisy, but there are just a few hundred of them. it's a sign perhaps of the growing we ariness of the greek population, and the realize accusation that there is no escape from the policies of austerity. >> translator: they believe they have done everything they can. they protested, clashed with police elected three new governments and voted no in the
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referendum. but still they get this detestable agreement. >> reporter: the public sector has been shielded so far. the continued closure of banks and warnings of imminent financial collapse have forced most greeks into frightened submission. mr. tsipras hopes after passing these laws it won't be too long before his creditors agree to ease the financial pressure. the highly critical imf report couldn't have come at a worse time for greece's beleaguered prime minister. gerald tan takes a look. >> reporter: the imf report only adds to an already complicated issue, just as the greek parliament votes on whether to accept new austerity measures, the imf says they won't work. the opening line sums up what many already know.
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greece's public debt has become highly unsustainable. that figure now sited a around $355 billion and the imf says greece will need a further 85 billion euros in new financing through 2018. the greek debt now equals 177% of gross domestic product. but the imf estimates debt will hit 200% of gdp over the next two years. in simple terms greece will owe twice as much as its overall economic output, and the international monetary fund considers this impossible to pay back. so one proposal is for creditors to dramatically extend the grace period so greece makes no payment for 30 years. another is for part of the euro zone debt to be written off to
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greece would owe less money. but european countries have ruled this out, saying that would burden their taxpayers. the imf says without debt relief, greece can't be rescued, that the organization won't be part of any new bailout. we can speak to mohammed jamjoom who is in athens. what is interesting about this report is it kind of supports what the greeks have been arguing for a long time that their debt as it stands is unsustainable. what reaction has there been in greece to this report that we are hearing about today? >> reporter: yeah, barbara, most of the folks i spoke with are not really surprised by this report. they said it couldn't have come at a worse time for greece's parliament. a lot of folks i have been speaking with they say they know these measures aren't good
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but also going back to the drakma may not be good. people are exhausted. they want this drama to be over. and this proves what they have been saying all along. what is interesting is even last night on a greek television channel, the prime minister said he didn't believe in this deal. he says the only reason he is trying to push it through, is because it's the only way forward for greece and that's really the prevailing sentiment we have found. there is a lot of anger towards germany especially, but they say, a lot of them that they feel this may be the only way forward to get things going again in greece. >> and i guess a lot of people just want to be able to go to the bank and get their cash out. it is also tourism system in greece. and there is a lot of wariness in the rest of the world about
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going to greece now. so in light of that will this pass through parliament? >> reporter: it looks like the prime minister has the numbers. as of the last time we spoke to people about it it seemed that there could be as many as 30 of his own party members that would vote against it. that would certainly be a humiliation for the prime minister, but it looks as though the opposition would vote for the measures and that it would pass. that being said though it is a volatile situation. there have been insults thrown around in parliament today. debate ongoing. we're also waiting to find out now if crowds will appear. if there will be large demos. we have heard from several groups that they are expecting possibly thousands, possibly tens of thousands of people into the square. we haven't seen those crowds materialize yet. we'll be waiting and watching and reporting in the hours
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ahead. barbara? >> mohammed thank you. ♪ go to yemen now where fighting has been intensifying in aden. government forces helped by saudi arabia say they are close to taking full control of the main port. a day earlier they took back aden's international airport. al jazeera has obtained this exclusive report. >> reporter: with no movement on the diplomatic front in yemen, it's on the battlefield that developments are happening. fighters loyal to president hadi have taken control of the international airport or what is left of it. they have been making significant advances to recapture the port city. they call this operation golden
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arrow. it's the first time fighters on the ground have engaged in a joint operation with the saudi-lead coalition which has been conducting air strikes for almost three months now. these pictures show new reinforcements including armored personnel carriers driven by pro-hadi fighters. they managed to capture this area on tuesday. >> translator: we're now going to focus our attention on other areas in the city and by the bravery of these young fighters we will recapture all of aden. >> reporter: aden is yemen's second city, taking control of it would allow for president hadi and his government to rern to the country and potentially launch a campaign to recapture the capital sana'a.
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there's also been fierce fighting in ta'izz which is on the road between aden and sana'a. there pro-hadi fighters managed to repel an attack by the houthis and their allies. most of those fighting for president hadi have never fought a war before but they have the advantage of air cover from the saudi-lead coalition which issed a vant -- adamant about defeating the houthis and saleh. now that these fighters appear to be coordinating their efforts with the air strikes and in the absence of any real piece talks this could be a decisive battle for yemen. in iraq at least 23 pro government forces and one isil fighter have been killed in an attack in north baghdad. it happened in the central area which lies on the main road between baghdad and mosul.
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elsewhere, iraqi forces say they are moving closer to ramadi. imran khan has more from baghdad. >> reporter: the operation to take anbar province continues. the iraqi security forces are moving in troops and heavy equipment into the area and taking towns and villages on the out skirts of the two major cities ramadi and fallujah. this is a tactic we have seen the iraqi security forces do before. they take these villages and towns from isil and use them as staging posts to mount an attack on these two big cities. if they take these two cities it will give them control of the whole province. but also we have seen an increased number of u.s.-coalition-lead air strikes in the area. some 27 air strikes, targeting nearly 67 positions ash the city of fallujah have taken place in recent hours. this is the largest air strike
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campaign we have seen in anbar province, so it does suggest a stepping up of the u.s.-lead-coalition air strikes. all of this is leading up to the taking of those two cities like i said ramadi and fallujah however, experts say maybe nothing will move for ten days or so whilst the iraqi security forces get everything in place to mount the final attack on those two major cities. with more than a million people displaced by fighting in ukraine, we have a special report on those fighting to stay in their homes. and why politicians try to block a dramatic change to japan's defense policy. ♪
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time for a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. public sector workers are striking in athens over the austerity measuring currently being debated in parliament. and yemen battles in aden have intensified. government forces helped by saudi arabia say they are close to taking full control of the main port there. a german court has convicted a 94 year old man of being an accessory to the murder of 300,000 people during world war ii. he worked at a nazi death camp for two years, listing the belongings of the people who were murdered there, earning the nickname the bookkeeper of auschwitz.
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>> reporter: he entered the court a frail, elderly man. for three months this trial has heard evidence of his wartime past, how as a young man he worked for the ss as a clerk at auschwitz. earlier in the trial he told the court that he did acknowledge moral guilt, but that it was for the judges to establish legal guilt. now they have. sentencing him to four years in prison. >> translator: the presiding judge explained that the defendant's service in auschwitz could be taken as a whole, supporting the main crime, murder in 300,000 cases and found guilty of such. >> reporter: it was the single most murderous camp the nazis ran in their final solution of the jewish question. it is thought that one million jews were killed at the camp. 100,000 soviet soldiers, homosexuals, poles, and
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political prisoners were also murdered. oscar was at the camp between 1942 and 1944. his role was to select and sort the belongings of the murdered. he had particular responsibility for foreign currency jewels and gold found among the possessions. leon survived auschwitz, 30 other members of his family did not. he spoke to reporters after the sentence was pronounced. >> translator: unfortunately i cannot forgive him for what he has done. maybe he took the ring from my mother's finger. >> reporter: ten years ago oscar chose to speak about his time at auschwitz, as he put it then to oppose those who deny the exterminations ever happened there. he is likely to be one of the last surviving members of the ss
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who served in auschwitz to stand trial. although he was given a jail sentence his frailty main mean he does not actually go to prison. dominic kane al jazeera, berlin. let's go to eastern ukraine now, because as fighting continues between the ukraine government and pro-russian separatists, nearly 1.4 million people have been forced out of their homes. charles stratford traveled to donetsk to meet some of the residents who refused to move. >> reporter: this 76 year old valuen tina has gotten used to the gunfire and shelling nearby. she built this house with her mother and has lived here more than 50 years. >> translator: the house will cry for me if i leave. i would feel like i am betraying my home if i go. i will sit here until they bomb me.
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the house looked at me and sees that i am still alive, and so it lives on too. >> reporter: she talks to her friend who brings her bread every day. there has been no electricity here for months. she has no cellar to hide in. is that firing coming in this direction or going out she nervously asks. she says when her neighbor's house was hit shrapnel from the blast shot through her wall narrowly missing her sister who was lying on her bed. >> translator: sometimes the shrapnel is flying and i think where do i hide? do i stand in the corner or do i stand in the street. they are bombing. sometimes they shell for four to five hours non-stop. >> reporter: virtually every house in the neighborhood has been damaged in the fighting. thousands of families once lived here. now only stray dogs roam these streets.
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a ceasefire was signed in february. she is the only person still living on this street everybody else has either been evacuated or left on their own accord. it has been five months since the ceasefire was signed. and the fighting in this neighborhood and the surrounding area continues almost every day. the fighting may be less intense before the ceasefire was signed but people are still forced to leave their homes in areas where the violence continues. these women have fled the shelling where they live. they show us the room they will move into at this shelter her other daughter and 7-month-old baby will join them in the coming days. >> translator: it's terrible. we are innocent and have never hurt anyone. we live peacefully and now we are homeless. i had a simple house, and it was mine, but now i'm old and i have nothing. >> reporter: the pro-russian separatists are increasingly nervous about talking to
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journalist. a fighter at this check point said tell the world there are no russian soldiers here but we wish they would come. the united nations says more than a million people have been forced to fee their homes since the fighting in ukraine started. there are only a few people like this woman prepared to die rather than abandon the little they own. charles stratford al jazeera. there is anger in japan at controversial legislation which if passed could see japanese troops allowed to fight overseas, and that would be the first time the japanese soldiers could be sent abroad for combat since the end of the second word war. harry fawcett reports. >> reporter: it's a year since the japanese government reinterpreted the nation's passivist constitution to allow troops to fight abroad in defense of its allies. the prime minister making a swift exit as the parliamentary
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committee debating the issue descended into chaos. legislation which will spell out in what circumstances japan's self-defense forces can use their right to collective self-defense allowing the government to deploy them. the controversy isn't limited to the politicians. a majority of japanese voters oppose the bills. >> translator: i don't like the way they are trying to forcefully pass the bills. they are using words such as peace and cooperation, but i feel they are trying to deceive us with them. >> reporter: since world war ii japans military has been firmly constrained. the innew irn tepation of the constitution changes all of that. one scenario sees them mine sweeping in the gulf if a oil blockade threatened japan and its main ally the u.s.
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a bigger reason is closer to japan's shores a need to project a greater level of unity and deterrence in the face of a rising china. the prime minister promised the u.s. president in april that japan would be able to put its new constitutional principals into action by the end of this year. he seems determined to push on whatever the political cost at home. harry fawcett, al jazeera. pictures have emerged of theks about moment that drug lord guzman escaped from his mexican prison cell. it shows the moment he walked to the side of his cell and then escaped through a tunnel. the 1.5 kilometer-long tunnel was full of oxygen tanks, truck batteries, and even a motorcycle. the mexican government is offering nearly $4 million for his capture. thai farmers are being forced from their land by the country's worst drought in more
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than dour decades. our correspondent traveled to meet some of the farmers. >> reporter: there has been no significant rainfall in this part of central thailand since the end of last year. following one failed crop this year, this woman isn't planting rice on her small holding. she says with no rain in sight, there will be no harvest and no income this year. any land she rents is parched and dry. water is being rationed and no one is working in the fields. >> translator: i feel hopeless and have sleepless nights because of the stress. the only way to soothe my mind is to think i am not alone in this. farmers in other areas might have more water, but there are still lots who have no water like me. >> reporter: many farmers in her community have been working the fields for generations. they often rent the land and have taken loans out for rice seed. here they are discussing
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repayments with bank managers. all have been assured that their repayments will be deferred for a year with no interest charges. in other areas government irrigation managers and the military are overseeing the amount of water any one farmer can take from a canal. >> translator: we need to make sure people have enough to use for their daily life and support ecosystem. we are trying to manage the water, to make it last through this dry season and until the next rainy season. >> reporter: millions of liters of water should be flowing through canals like this and many others across thailand. seasonal rains which were expected to fall two months ago, are now not expected until early august raising fears for the harvest. thailand is one of the biggest exporters of rice but the estimated 20% drop in thai
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production is expected to affect the world market. changing crops to sugar cane hasn't helped here. failed crops have benefited some who can use the land for grazing. for this woman, making ends meet means working for $2.5 a day to help a florist. it's not much but she tells us it can help until she can go back to her fields. after more than two decades of zero production, somalia's banana growers are making a comeback. the country was once the largest exporter of fruit in africa, but the industry was wiped out by civil war. our correspondent reports on how farmers are turning things around. >> reporter: it's a scramble to get these fresh bananas to mogadishu's dining tables. these farmers work six days a week, to meet the growing demand for the fruit in the capitol.
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>> translator: i cut bananas for one to three vehicles every morning and sell them to the city. we are very busy. >> reporter: but the city and -- employs tens of thousands of people but the start of the civil war in 1991 destroyed it all. but that's changing. >> translator: the place was a bush a year and a half. we cleared the bush and now more than 100 people work here every day. >> reporter: the demand for bananas has never been higher. trade has spread to export to the middle east. it is happens the most profitable fruit here. normally it [ inaudible ] without a banana or two. the rerival of farms like this has meant that bananas are now
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cheaper. but local traders say the low prices are hurting their trade. they say things are so bad now, they have stopped keeping track of their losses. >> translator: when we buy it from the farmer they sell it to us expensive, because they count the weight and not the number of bananas, and sell it cheap to customers because of competition and large supply. >> reporter: formers and traders are now looking to expand their businesses, and [ inaudible ] country, they pray that the good times continue. drivers in the u.s. state of new jersey had an unexpected companion on their morning commute. a skydiving plane. the pilot managed to make an emergency landing on the motorway. the small aircraft was carrying five students from a nearby skydiving school when it's engines lost power. the pilot and passengers are
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unharmed. the drivers amused. you can get more on everything we have been covering including that story on our website, there it is. the address, as usual, looking for support, president obama tries to sell the iranian nuclear deal to congress. in just half an hour he'll make his case to the american people in a white house press conference. greece's parliament debate new spending cuts but the deadline is ticking. plus the video the police didn't want the public to see. an unarmed man killed by police and now a com