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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 15, 2015 3:00pm-3:31pm EDT

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>> here in athens as greece's parliament plans to vote on greece's austerity program to save it i'm lauren taylor. this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up. >> this deal is our best means of assuring that iran does not get a nuclear weapon. >> president obama's warning to congress to back him on the iran nuclear deal. saudi-backed forces in yemen in the battle for the control of aden.
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book keep center auschwitz found guilty of assisting thousands of nazi citizens. and now you see him now you don't. a drug lord escapes in mexico. >> pebble, the next two hours greece's parliament will vote on the hugely controversial new bail out deal which opposes tough austerity measures but would save the country from bankruptcy. the tensions are high inside the claimber, molotov cocktails have been thrown at thrown by demonstrators in athens. prime minister tsipras has been trying to to gain backing for the deal. the prime minister is facing a fierce opposition outside of parliament as greek public sector workers stage a 4-hour
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strike against the rescue package. whatever happens greece needs to keep paying its bills and the e.u. has proposed $7 billion in bridging funds to support the government for the rest of the month. from athens simon mcgregor woods reports. >> this is a criminal day for greece. it's politicians have the country's immediate fate in their hands. outside the agenda, another round of belt tightening for the greek people. more tax higher retirement age independence for the country's office of statistics. conditions set by europe if more money is to arrive. rebels from the ruling party will vote against but the numbers are still in the prime minister's favor. his ally also say there is simply no choice. >> there was no other option available in order to prevent the corruption of a new humanitarian crisis. being aware of this today in parliament we're asking for the agreement possible voted in. would you not talk up the
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situation, we're trying as much as possible to soften the painful consequences of this agreement. [ protesting ] >> outside the public sectors workers union was on strike and on the march. >> i'm here to protest against the government. it has done nothing. >> in years gone by this union would have been able to pull tens of thousands of supporters on the streets. today they are noisy but there are only a few hundred of them. it is a sign of the realization that no matter who they vote for there is no escape from austerity. >> they believe they've done everything they can. they have elected three new governments and voted no in the referendum. still they get this detestable
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agreement. >> the government has been shielded from the worst of austerity so far. the issue of closing of banks has forced more greeks into frightened submission. mr. tsipras has to hope that after passing this new law that creditors will ease the pressure. >> bring us up-to-date on the clashes going on outside of parliament. >> well lauren, the situation is much more calm than a half hour ago. he had molotov cocktails being thrown. riot police in in the periphery moving in quickly columns of them into the crowds. they were firing tear gas trying to disperse the crowd but
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rioters kept running and throwing petrol bombs. it was quite violent for a while. we could smell the tear gas. it was quite big even here on our perch overlooking the square. and parliament was cleared out. then it erupted again for a few more minutes. at one point there was a satellite van parked beneath us that was set ablaze. that fire has been put out as well. there were concerns that that could possibly explode. as i said the situation has gotten more volatile. earlier in the day it was more tense inside parliament than outside of parliament, but in the last hour it got more violent outside of parliament. now you do have demonstrators who are rallying once more outside of parliament. it looks to be a couple of thousand possibly just outside at this hour. they're still chanting anti-austerity slogans and singing songs in support of workers. but it does look a lot more calm right now, and the riot police still really out in force trying to make sure that the situation
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does not bubble over. all of this just really goes to show how complicated this situation is. i want to bring in a guest, an economist, thank you for being with us. your position is sexually --essentially this is a bad deal but it is the best deal in a way. >> it is a terrible deal economically because the measures are recessionist. politically because it under myselfundermines the democratically elected government. >> there is a sense of being backed into a corner even though there is this referendum. now the austerity measures are back on the table. what are you hearing from
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ordinary greeks about this? >> people are anger. they feel betrayed because this government agreed to a new bail out plan, but what is the alternative? >> what is interesting to me even though there is anger directed to the government about these austerity measures, it seems as though prime minister tsipras still has a great deal of support among the greek people. >> yes yes it seems that he still has support among the common people but he does not have the support among the members of his own party. half of the members voted against this agreement. he stands on a shaky ground, i don't know how he's going to manage this situation. it's a shaky situation for him. >> we really appreciate your time. back to you lauren. >> thank you very much.
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>> barack obama has called on congress to back him on the nuclear deal as it starts the three-month review of the agreement. he has warned that if congress doesn't back limb future generations will judge us harshly. he wasn't concerned with how how president had a sad tried to spin the deal. >> this nuclear deal meets the national security interests of the united states and our ally allies. it prevents the serious threat of iran obtaining a nearly weapon which would cause the other problems that iran has even worse. that's why it makes the country and the world more secure.
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the risk of regional nuclear arms race and the greater risk of war all that would endanger our security. that's the choice that we face. if we don't choose wisely i believe future generation also judge us harshly for letting this moment slip away. no one suggests that this deal resolves all the threats that iran poses to its neighbors or the world. more over realizing the promise of this deal will require many years of implementation and hard work it will require vigilance. this is the best means to assure that iran does not get a nuclear weapon. from the start that has been my number one priority. our number one priority. >> strong defense there by
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obama, is it enough to answer thinks critics? >> probably not. those who already set against the deal won't be moved but barack obama said look, you've really got to look at the details. he hammered the technical aspects of this deal again and again and again. he said that people should go through the 100 page document. they will share his opinion that this is a good deal. he said when it comes to deciding, decide on the facts. don't decide on lobbying. don't decide on the it that this is a deal brought to you by united states. but if you look at it is a good deal for the united states and for the world. there are those who are opposed to the deal. there are those who said it was a bad deal even if they hadn't read it. this they get a chance to read it i doubt it will change their position very much but barack obama is saying that this deal will go through.
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he doesn't believe there will be enough votes pushing this through. even if this there are, he will veto it. he's speaking from a position of political strength he believes. >> he said it does not solve all the relationship aspects with iran. they're not going to suddenly come in from the cold on everything. do you think that is saying, it's quite contained. it's just on one aspect of things? >> from the very start he said this is not a grand deal. it's focusing on the nuclear deal and that's what we're focusing on. he said again and again we'll look at the human rights the spreading of terror around the middle east and what they're doing in other areas all those american sanctions stay in place. he said to people we like the
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deal but we don't necessarily like iran. but as he made the point on tuesday, essentially taking his line from nelson mandela on the past that you make peace with your enemies not with your friends. he realizes there are many people in the united states who have a deep distrust of iran, and it has gone on for 36 years and they won't be swayed simply because of this deal. how does he have to get this through? recent polls suggested that every second an american believes there should be a deal with iran dealing with its newell programnuclear program in a second poll 55% of americans said that they didn't trust iran. he has got to convince the american people that this is a good deal. and although we can't trust iran at this stage they have the mechanisms in place to keep an eye on them, and i hopes that will be enough to convince the american people and by extension congress and those who criticize this deal. >> thank you very much.
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anti-houthi fighters in yemen say that the fight for aden has been intensifying. they're advancing towards the air base taking control of the former u.s. military base would help them to seize back aden. the city is close to losing control of a sea port to saudi-backed forces. >> with no movement on the diplomatic front in yemen it's on the battlefield that developments are happening. fighters loyal to abd rabbuh mansur hadi have dean over the airport or what is left of it. they've been making significant advances to take back the city port, and they call this operation golden arrow. it's the first time fighters on the ground have engaged in a
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joint operation with the saudi arabia-led coalition, which has been conducting airstrikes for almost three months now. these exclusive pictures show new reinforcements including army personnel carriers driven by pro hadi fighters. they managed to capture the area. it's home to several security compounds including the coast guard and the military base. >> we're going to focus our attention on other areas in the city and by the bravery of these young fighters we'll recapture all of aden. >> yemen's second city, taking control of it would allow president hadi and his government to return to the country and launch a campaign to recapture the capital sanaa and those loyal to the deposed president ali abdullah saleh. there has been fierce fighting in taiz on the road between aden
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and sanaa. there pro-hadi fighters have been able to manage an attack. most of those fighting for president hadi have never fought a war before, but they have the advantage of air cover from the saudi-led coalition, which is adamant about the defeating of houthis and saleh. three months much airstrikes have failed to change what is going on in the ground. but in the absence of any real peace talks this this could be a decisive battle for yemen. al jazeera. >> still to come on al jazeera, we'll find out how priceless artifacts stolen by isil has been found and returned. and why an israeli decision is seeing a booming business during the holy months of ramadan.
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>> protests outside of greek parliament in athens ahead of a vote on the bail out. in yemen battles in aden have intensified. government forces backed by saudi arabia say they're close to taking full control of the port there. in iraq 23 members of pro government forces and one isil fighter has been killed in an attack north of baghdad.
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it happened in major league beiji which lies on the main road to baghdad and mosul. >> hundreds of stolen iraqi artifacts have been recovered and returned by local forces. it include coins and royal seals used by the ancient kingdom. >> there have been lots of allegations but this is believed to be the first public evidence that isil is funding some of its operations through looted antiquityies. recovering several artifacts after killing a single isil leader in syria in may. they say along with intelligence documents and data they seized antiquities, including gold countiescoins.
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iraq has been steadily losing parts of its ancient her stage. >> we'reing with our friends and partners. the result are some the event of the returning of some of our artifacts. >> the coalition does not have boots on the ground. certainly using airstrikes on targets like that could be more damaging to iraq than whatever daesh members were doing. i think we can agree the best way that daesh cannot destroy iraqi, syrian or items is to expelling them from the region.
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>> every object displayed has a number. three of these have numbers were the iraq museum. they were believed to be looted in 2003, but it's going to take a lot of research to determine where they came from. these were cylindered looted in 2003. they were used as official seals on cuneiform tablets. they say there isn't any indication that that's are from the museum when isil looted the city. this book on parchment in aramaic is believed to come from a church in syria. these objects are believed to be what u.n. heritage officials describe as a business suspected of bringing in hundreds of millions of dollars for isil, but one that is extremely hard
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to prove. jane araf, al jazeera, baghdad. >> a general court has convicted a 94-year-old man being accessory to the murder of 300,000 people in world war ii. he worked at a nazi death camp noting down the belongings of people who were murdered there. >> he entered the court a frail elderly man. for three months this trial has heard evidences of oscar klennings wartime pass as he worked as a clerk in auschwitz. earlier in the trial he told the court that he did acknowledge moral guilt, but that it was for the judges to establish legal guilt. now they have. sentencing him to four years in prison. >> presiding judge explained that the defendant's service in auschwitz should be taken as a whole, supporting the main crime, the murder in 300,000 cases and should be found guilty
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as such. >> auschwitz was the single most murderous camp the nazis ran in the course of the final solution of the jewish question. it's thought 1 million jews were killed at the camp. 100,000 soviet soldiers, rom homosexuals, poles and political prisoners were also killed. oscar klenning's role was to select and sort the belongings of the murdered. he had the particular responsibility for foreign currency jewels and gold found among the possessions. this man survived auschwitz. 30 other members of his family did not. they spoke to reporters on the sentence announced.
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>> i cannot forgive him for what he has done. maybe he took ring off my mother's finger when she was forced over the train, my father too. >> oscar klenning chose to speak about his time at auschwitz. to oppose those who said that exterminations never happened there. he may be one of the last to serve trial. he did receive a jail sentence, but his frailty means that he does not actually go to prison. >> security forces have arrested four people, terrorist attacks were foiled 24 this week, speaking in marseille along side the mexican president who has been visiting the country and was with hollande on bastille celebrations.
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enjoying a major boost in business, more worshipers have been allowed in thanks to the decision by israel to ease restrictions. >> at peak prayer times more than 80,000 muslim worshipers have offered prayers at the al aqsa mosque. it follows a rare decision by the israeli government to allow women of all ages and men aged 40 and over from the occupied west bank to travel into east jerusalem without permits to pray at islam's third holiest site. palestinians are normally not able to cross israel's military check points that encircle the territory without permits. the travel documents are often difficult to obtain, which is why this man from the west bank city, has not been able to prey at al aqsa in years. >> visiting jerusalem after so
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long, it was so wonderful for me and my family. especially for my daughter, who has never been to al aqsa before. >> palestinians are guaranteed the right to freedom of movement under international law. but israel as a policy tightly restricts. the record number of muslim worshipers who have been able to come here to pray for the month of random has not only brought a festive spirit but also their cash. business owners say they have not seen this type of business in years. >> ramadan is when people give loved ones gifts of clothing and sweets. vendors say they have not been able to keep up with the demand. >> in the past these treats would be empty. you would not find hardly anyone here in ramadan. but since israel opened up check points business has been great. >> there have been a few hundred
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worshipers from the gaza strip all enjoying the sights, food and everything that the city has to offer. but it won't last long. israel's restrictions will be back in place. al jazeera. >> the exact moment a mexican drug lord broke out of prison has within captureed. >> this is the moment in which the world's most wanted drug lord ended his stay in the max maximum security prison in mexico. slipping quietly into his bathroom and then simply disappearing. yo aqin guzman known as el chapo slipped through this tunnel. the powerful sinaloa cartel that
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he leads his escape comes only 16 months after the government paraded him as the biggest capture in the war against drugs. the interior minister left no doubt that this was an ideas inside job. >> he had to have help from the staff. if that's confirmed it will be an act of corruption and the betrayal of the mexican people. >> the prisons' director has already been fired along with other officials for a jail break reminiscent of a hollywood movie. behind me is the building where el chapo emerged after walking through a 1.5 kilometer tunnel that began just under his prison cell. he escaped in some style. that tunnel was equipped with ventilation. it was tall enough to stand up in, and it had lighting. >> it was a meticulously planned operation. work started on the building that would hide the tunnel a
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year ago soon after el chapo was locked up. >> they had a generator that you could hear from the road, and you could see the lights from the window. >> it's the second time guzman has escaped prison. legend has it the first time, 14 years ago was in a laundry basket. this time around the u.s. were desperate to extradite him. the mexican government refused but now their biggest prize has become their biggest embarrassment. >> what chapo's escaping does is shatter the illusionment of power. the government does not seem as strong force which can make demands on traffickers, which can lay down the rules. it's seen as weak. that could have serious implications on the ground. >> the government launched an all-out manhunt across the country, but there are no clues so far as to where el chapo is enjoying his newly found
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freedom. al jazeera. mexico. >> and a quick run you can always keep up-to-date with all the news we're covering and sport at our website. the address for that is details of the greek parliament in athens.