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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 17, 2015 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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one year on from mh17, few answers and still no justice for the 298 people killed when the jet was brought down. ♪ ♪ i am jane dutton and you are watching al jazerra. also on the program a gunman kills four marines at a u.s. navy building in tennessee. yemen's exiled government declares that the southern port city of aden has been liberated. but the fighting goes on. german m.p.s are on vote on the 85 billion euro greek bailout. ♪
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♪ growing calls to investigate the downing of mh17. britain has joined the netherlands and australia in pushing for u.n. support. saying justice must be delivered for the victims. you rain vinnie m.ukrainian m.p.s have gathered. 298 people aboard the malaysia airlines plane were killed. 2/3 of them were dutch. early investigations suggest a russian-made missile was used toe take down the plane as it flew over rebel-held territory. emma hayward is in moscow for us. before we get to russian reaction, just talk us through the ceremony and how it's being marked today. >> reporter: well, jane, there has been a small ceremony in the village close to the crash site
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around 30 pima tending. coming from different local villages. there is another events, though, taking place right now where a cruz fix is being taken to the crash side, a plaque there is also going to be dedicated. i understand this has been arranged by local people. there are no relatives we understand, taking part in the service, presumably they feel that it's still too dang trues travel to ukraine or too painful to go to where their loved ones died. but also the local people who were involved in that horror came to their doorsteps exactly a year ago some of the anecdotes that they have been talking about just show how traumatic it was for them all of those months ago. and they are still living with the horror of what they also went through. >> and emma awful for them not knowing still to this day what actually happened. there are calls for a new investigation. many believe that russia had a
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role to play in it. what's the viewpoint from there? >> reporter: well, many russians believe that it was ukrainians who brought down this plane. of course that has been disputed many many times. the russian president vladimir putin had a conversation yesterday we understand with the dutch prime minister and he said calls for a u.n. tribunal would be premature and counter productive. there is a feeling here that any kind of tribunal would have already decided who was guilty. i think russians obviously feel very sad about what happened a year ago and also it has had a big impact here. i think it was a turning point an escalation in what was happening on the ground there. and felt deeply here because of the sanctions which were imposed afterwards. >> thank you for that emma hayward in moscow. australianaustralia also held a memorial serve toys mark the
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anniversary. 38 australian residents and citizens were among those who died when mh17 was shot down. family members laid floral tributes and prime minister tony abbott unveiled a new permanent memorial to the victims. investigators in the u.s. are looking in to why a man opened fire on two military officers in the state of tennessee. four marines were killed. as well as the gunman. >> reporter: the gunman targeted two locations over the course of half an hour. first he sprayed bullets at a military recruitment center located in a shopping center. one marine was injured here. then he drove several kilometer to his a naval and marine facility. here four marines were killed best gun machine himself also died. he was described as having numerous weapons . >> what we do know is that somebody brutally and brazen lay taxed members of our armed services. >> reporter: the gun mass was named by the fbi a naturalized
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u.s. citizen originally from kuwait, he was 24 years old. in april he had been arrested by police for driving while intoxicated he was due appear in court at the end of the month. officials say they are looking in to whether he was inspired by isil or similar groupings. but from the president downwards they have stressed that investigations are at a preliminary stage. >> i would ask all americans to pray for the families who are grief stricken at this point. and i want everybody to understand that we will be thorough and prompt in figuring out exactly what happened. >> reporter: the secretary of homeland security added that some federal facilities were increasing their security but out of an abundance of caution. and jay johnson warns against what he called unconfirmed and possibly false report that have been circumstance laying about the incidents. a jury in the u.s. has
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convicted 27-year-old james holmes of shooting dead 12 people at a colorado cinema in 2012. the panel rejected his insanity defense and found him guilty of multiple count of murder and attempted murder. he could now face the death penalty. holmes opened fire inside a packed denver cinema during a midnight preview of a batman movie. yemen's government says the southern port city of aden has been liberated from houthi rebels. the leadership in exile says the province is now under the control of fighters loyal to the government. the announcement comes after a series of major setbacks for the houthis, as well as a loss of aden's seaport and its i international the airport. senior ministers returned to aden on thursday three months after being forced to flee. two police officers injured in a suicide car bombing at a check point in riyadh. the explosion happened on a road
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leading to a prison, a high-security facility the bomber was a a teenager on the run after a heads i thinkly killing his uncle. jourdain jeff fighters have joined armed groups in syria. the lives of those behind can be ex-extremely difficult. as their basic civil rights are being taken away from the authorities. we have a report from amman. >> reporter: she never thought life could become this difficult and uncertain for her and her five children because of a piece of paper. jordanian authorities have refuse today issue a death certificate for her husband who was killed while fighting in syria. that means she can't get social welfare, because she's not recognized by the state as a widow. it also means no identification documents for her children. she can neither remary nor can she or her children inherit the house her husband left behind.
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>> translator: my husband went to pursuit he had. fine but why should we be we pride of our civil rights. i have no one to support me family. without their father's death certificate my children will remain without documents and without a future. >> reporter: many widows here are facing the same struggles. her husband also died while fight never syria leaving her and three daughters behind. therethey are unable to sale his car because they too can't get a death certificate. >> we can't move on, our hands are tied. when i went to social welfare they told me we can't give you any assistance because without a death certificate our system says your husband is alive and responsible for you. >> reporter: more than 2,500 jordanian fighters have joined armed groups in syria. the government requires an official death certificate from a recognized hospital in syria in order to issue a jordanian one. if that's impossible. a testimony in person from
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someone who witnessed the death is needed. more than 300 jordanian fighters have been killed there. they have left behind we received families sliding deep fleer to poverty and struggling with a rigid civil rights law. because the fight verse crossed the board never to syria illegally and without any documents confirming their death abroad they are still alive as far as jordanian government records are concerned. some analysts believe the government is doing a right thing at the time of regional turmoil. >> the state has valid concerns they can't issue a death certificate bus if the news is false and he has bad intentions towards jordan he may return and carry out illegal acts and inning till trait in jordan and be difficult to track down. >> reporter: jordan has craig crabbinged down on the fighters. many are scared for return. if they do they could face
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charges and prison sentences. two separate bomb blasts have hid nigeria ripping through a market and killing 50 people. the attacks took place on thursday afternoon. moss no one has yet claimed responsibility, but it is suspected to be the work of boko haram. they have stepped up attacks across nigeria in recent months. germany's par lamb will soon vote on whether to allow a new greek bailout expected to be worth 85 billion euros. it is one of several e.u. countries whose national parliament must sign off on the debt deal. the vote is expected to pass with the support of german chancellor angela merkel. but it will be closely watched in athens. let's go to the greek capital now, simon mcgregor-wood joins me life. closely watched in athens but signed of possible al at this returning withnormalities returning with the openings of banks on monday
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>> reporter: yes. greeks grasping good news whenever they can find it and the central bank agreeing to put cash in the banking system will provide a bit of respite. the banks we understand will reopen on monday and the capital controls are going to slightly relax instead of being able to pull out just 60 euros a day if you go back only other every day, pull out 120 euros. big deal. but still something for alexis tsipras to grass top and sale to a very skeptical public. for him the politics of this business continue. a reshuffle his government to try to deal with at least the five government ministers from his own party who voted against these measures on wins night in the parliament, we were expect something movement on that yesterday. today is friday, he may act on that. because the difficult decisions in parliament keep coming for him, jane, on the 22nd of july next week, another very
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unsavory, to him at least. package of laws will be pushed through dealing with the speeding up of the privatization, dealing with clipping of the wings of the trade union movement. and other things. and he needs to keep some semblance of order within his own government, trying to push those through if he's to keep the european on his his side. >> thank you for that, simon. the german chancellor has been criticized for telling a palestinian teenager that her family might be deported saying to the girl, you can't all come. angela merkel made the comments during a discussion with a group of school children at an events about living in germany. the girl, told merkel her family had been waiting for receive permanent residency for four years. merkel said germany's asylum system needs to be reviewed. >> translator: what we intends to do we are talking about what has to change so that someone like you does not have to spend
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four years here until a decision is reached. that has to change. muslims around the world of celebrating eid but 2 million about, about 2 million people prayed in mecca the holeyest city in islam. it marks the end of ramadan. when muslims fast from dawn until sunset for a month. the holidays are a time for family gatherings and exchanging gifts, this is the market in the iraqi capital where people have been shopping for food. including traditional sweets. it's also traditional to wear new clothes for eid. market have been a buzz with excitement and in the spirit of giving a local charity there has set up a clothes bank handing out garments for those indeed. al jazerra would like to wish all our viewers eid. [ inaudible ] enough more here on al jazerra. escaping he is anything violence in china make getting their way to turkey. we have their story.
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an a.-plus stud any successful the south african school that keeps refugees children in the classroom.
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♪ ♪ hello again, here say reminder of our top story on his al jazerra, there are growing calls for a u.n. tribunal to investigate the downing of mh17 over eastern ukraine last year. memorials are being held to mark the first anniversary of the crash all 298 people on board malaysia airlines planes were killed.
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yemen's exiled government have declared the southern port city of aden has been liberated. it comes after days of battling with the country's hugy rebels. investigators in the u.s. are looking in to why a man opened fire on two military officers in the state of tennessee. four marine says were killed as well as the gunman. the iranian fluke nuclear agreements has led many to ask who will benefit the most. sanction says will be loosened and iranians are hopeful the historic move will left their economy. ali velshi reports from teheran. >> translator: we need to have relations with the world. we need to be able export what we make and also need to import some things that are not worth creating in-house. >> reporter: he is an executive at a car parts factory west of teheran. he's like many iranians we met. hesitant to talk politics but eager to tell us given a choice between the nuclear ambitions of iran and the country's economic prosperity, he would choose
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integrating iran back not world economy. >> translator: in this very unique moment and time iran needs to move way from its oil exporting depend is a and move toward a more production-based economy. >> reporter: his auto parts company is part of iran's auto industry. one of the largest in asia. in terms of production output. it's second only to iran's oil and gas industry. he says the sanctions forced him to make parts instead of importing them. now that sanctions are about to be lifted, he thinks iran is ready to export cars to the world. in addition to oil and cars, sanctions have taken a bite out of the parisian carpet industry. hamid is a trader working from his small shopnside koran as carpet bazar. a few years ago business was so good he was sending a shipping container full of carpets to the united states every week. but the sanctions stopped that. >> translator: some 20% of our population is involved in this industry. we have coloring workshops sellers, dealers when we can't
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export our product abroad, we have to depend on local demands which is impossible to rely on boyby itself. if sanctions get lifted we'll see a boom in our industry. >> reporter: the sanctions impose odd iran are among the toughest ever em poise odd i country and the affect is rampant up flailing. in my hands i have 3 million 3 million of the currency unit divided in to 5,000 notes. this is worth $100. and three years ago this was worth $250. one way iranians try to hedge against rampant inflation is to by gold. that's why he says his jewelry business tends to do well in good times and bad. still he says iran's plummeting currency poses challenges to doing business. >> 18 carrot gold, differences 21 date. and sometimes in one hour we
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have so many different prices it causes us many problems. despite the harp ships. local entrepreneurs told us it offered opportunity that his otherwise wouldn't have been there for them. he is founder of s aba idea. a technology firm that's taken on before a youtube like product that's a hit with iranians online. >> translator: sanctions increased our cost of development because we weren't allowed to collaborate with foreign companies abroad but we benefited from the sanctions because they forced us to develop products and services on our own targeting a captive market. still i think once sanctions are lifted we will be able to deliver our product with more efficiency. >> reporter: and now that a deal on iran's nuclear program is in place, many in iran are hopeful that the chances for opportunities and economic prosperity will only grow. ali velshi, al jazerra.
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typhoon slam ed in to thailand's largest island. it is packing winds of up to 120-kilometers an hour, nearly 400,000 people were advise today leave their homes ahead of the storm. the chinese government says 109 muslims were deported from thailand last week pose a security threat they say they fled persecution in the western chinese region. gerald tan has their tory. >> reporter: a new home where they can freely practice their religion. week as settle in to the city in central turkey. they come from the mainly muslim autonomous reason of western china. >> translator: we were oppressed. we had to hide our faiths, on you beliefs we had to run illegally through a very difficult, rough mountainous and forested path. some people didn't mike maake it and died. some are abused by smugglers, we
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hid hit for 10 days in the thai forests but we were caught and taken to prison. >> reporter: many of the women whom thailand accepted to turkey over the past month had to leave their husbands behind. >> translator: we don't know where they are. and thailand or china we don't know if they are alive. if they hand over to china it's to kill them because the chinese know very well how to torture. >> reporter: the they say they had to leave china because of economic discriminal nation and religious oppression. the restrictions got tight they are year. which they also call east turk stan. january 2015 recall types of worship were constitutionally banned. all symbols of the muslim faith beards, worry beads head scarves and even have a koran i can verse your mobile phone are now considered an element of terrorism. >> reporter: the chinese foreign ministry says those that leave for turkey are a security
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threat. adding through southeast asian countries they go to turkey and from there head to the so-called holy wars in syria and iraq. receive terrorist training anded by theirandbide their time to return. turkey's government grant protection to them. because of a heritage that has helped the district in istanbul to flourish. people in this enclave dress and eat as they were a few trappings of home, except that here they say they are free of persecution. gerald tan, al jazerra. uruguayan football star who scored the winning goal against brazil in the 1950 world cup has died at the age of 88. the game at the iconic stayed young is considered uruguay's greatest triumph in one of brazil's most dramatic defeats he was the last surviving player from the world cup winning team.
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there are now more refugees displaced around the world than any time since world war ii. an objection for university study is focusing on how some refugees are trying to solve the issue you affecting them instead of relying only on aid. one example is the albert street school in south africa where students are mostly he have refugees. a report from johannesburg, and it's proving to be a success of course. >> reporter: if it were not for the school in johannesburg's inner-city, emma would have nowhere to go. a six bob wee an refugees the 16 year olds began attending classes at albert street school six years ago. >> i couldn't communicate with the south african local languages so my father decided to bring me here to albert where i could continue the same curriculum with the one from zim. >> reporter: the school was opened after violence against foreigners began in 2008. one of the founders and a
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refugees himself william says they had to find a way to keep refugees children in the classroom when they could not attend local schools. >> there was a lot of demands from the parents who are refugees in south africa, that were having difficulties of registering their children in the local schools was when they go there there is a need i've birth certificate. transfer fees, and a lot of challenges. >> reporter: the school was has grown from 35 student in its first year for 10 times that amount today. its teaching staff is also made up of refugees. but he says the school's dependency on donor funding and a lack of resources are challenging. despite those obstacles the school has had a 100 percent final year pass rate for the last two years. some of the highest results were achieved in mathematics and science, subject government schools in south africa are struggling with. at the end of their high school
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career learners here qualify with a cambridge certificate. even stead of south africa's qualification. >> it's accepted in to the world and also the advantage that they have is when these children. [ inaudible ] they will be able to contribute to the economy development of their countries. >> reporter: while schools across south africa are officially closed. senior students at albert street school prepare for their final year-end examinations. mainmany of them to knowing they have already beat the odds. last month world leaders plemg today provide insurance for 400 million more people in developing countries against risks associated with climate change. senegal along with niger are the first african countries to receive some of the money because of a severe drought. nicholas reports from this
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region. >> reporter: a bad omen. a sign that the worst is yet to come. the animal died starving. collapsing in the heat before it could reach the shade. almost a year without a drop of rain. he hasn't experienced a drought like this in his lifetime. there is not enough food or water. >> dieing of starvation is a violent death. no one should experience this. not even our animals. now at least they are spared from hunger. >> reporter: the united nations believes more than 20 million people mostly children, don't have enough to eat and are currently going hungry here. with temperatures as high as 47 degrees celsius pastures have turned to desert. it's getting hotter here. two degrees higher than the same time last year. and so a sense of a looming catastrophe hangs over this
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land. villagers and their animals are on the hoo move searching for better climates. this intense drought with a slight rise in temperature is causing the sahara desert to expand. and so people are having to travel even further to feed their animals. the senegalese authority this isn't just a natural phenomenon. but one triggered by manned kind. caused by our collective pollution in to the atmosphere. in 2014 alone humans released 32 giga tonights of carbon die option side in the air this relentless pollution is causing this severe drought. so they have taken up climate change insurance after the african union created arc a private mutual fund offering countries on the continent protection against climate changes natural disasters arc calculates claims based on rainfalls, satellite imagery and the animals and crops lost.
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for this drought it disbursed $16 million to senegal who is redistribute to go the most vulnerable. aid agencies are often too slow to helpful arc handed out immediately. the milk the animals produce provides basic revenue and it's their only assets. even with arc's help there there is not enough to feed all of his weak animals. tonight once more, their only kneel meal is a few potatoes, tea and bread. and so the day end like it started. hungry uncertain and wondering which one of these animals will survive tomorrow. nicholas, al jazerra northern senegal. largest winged dinosaur ever found as been dug up in northeastern china. scientists unearthed a spectacularly preserved nearly complete fossil of a feathered dinosaur with wings. it's thought the dinosaur named.
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[ inaudible ] which means dragon in chinese lived about 125 million years ago. probably won't find anything that old on our website as it's been constantly updated. the address there making the new deal stick, it's the dawn of a new era or doom to veil. if oil is the cover of the mist. i want to drill in to how the deal with iran may bit them against the united states, israel and saudi arabia. today we got more insight into the depth of