tv News Al Jazeera July 20, 2015 1:00pm-1:31pm EDT
crimes against humanity, in senegal. plus, showered in cash. fifa's president interrupted by a prank before promising reform for world football governing bodies. cuba and the united states have formally restored diplomatic ties after half a century of hostility. in a short time ago the cuban flag was raised over cube's new embassy in washington, d.c. the dessert deteriorating relations between the u.s. and cuba culminated in breaking off ties in 1961. restrictions to travel to cuba
will remain in place as will a trade embargo which will prevent most companies from doing business there. we'll have live reaction from havana but we're going to tom ackerman at the state department in washington, d.c. tom we're hoping to hear from secretary of state john kerry and gunnar rodriguez. what are we expecting to hear from them? >> the two leaders have been meeting here at the state department, and they will be appearing in a joint news conference the first between two top leaders of the cuba and the united states, in more than half a century. and what is sure to be epeted on cuban radio and television today will be the remarks of secretary kerry in his joint appearance with foreign minister, he will be speaking uncharacteristically in spanish and saying to the people we celebrate this day as
a time to start are repairing what has been broken and omg what forand poppingwhat for too long has been closed. both leaders are emphasizing in their respective remarks that this process of normalization will be long. this day by no means marks anything but the beginning of the road to the resolution of many outstanding issues. the foreign minister in his remarks in the opening of the cuban embassy made clear that the cubans still regard the presence of an american naval base guantanamo, for more than a century on cuban soil as an affront which they still want to see resolved, and as well, the remaining parts the large remaining parts of the embargo which they expect to see lifted. he also made a lot of historical revenuesreferences to a cuban power
not necessarily that the u.s. liberated cuba from spain to begin with. and military occupation. that probably won't be coming up president news conference but they certainly were points that were made by the cuban foreign minister, there are still a lot of issues this remain to be resolved and here on american soil again there are many people who again think this was a mistake on the part of the obama administration. barbara. >> we look forward to that news conference . tom ackerman thank you. let's speak to lucia newman. lucia, this reaction to a pretty historic day in havana, cuba itself. >> hello barbara. it's been a very exciting morning and day here in cuba. people say they have been waiting for this, for so long.
actually at the u.s. embassy there were very very subtle differences compared to the very big ceremony that took place in washington at the cuban embassy. here, there were a few members of the u.s. embassy walking around with small american flags. even the cuban staff were walking around with little flags. they had painted the sidewalk with yellow and there certainly were fewer cuban police outside which is notable. people who came out told us that the staff inside were more friendly than normal but by and large for ordinary cubans this is a huge, huge difference for them. psychologically they have been in a loss tile relationship with their northern neighbor, just 140 kilometers across the caribbean space. they felt like they would never
live to see this day. these fortified walls were built when cuba was still a spanish colony a testament to a country born feeling under seedged. in thesiege. northbound the 17s it was from spanish forces. and lately, from the united states. be one of hundreds constructed in havana in the last 20 years this bombshell ter. >> translator: the same way they bombed iraq, we had to protect ourselves in the united states. >> as generations of cube annals have seen the united states it is a long awaited game changer. >> it is a way of bringing us a little bit closer together after being separated for so long. every cuban has a friend or relative living in the united states. so what's happening now makes
youusis feel very happy so we don't have to resort to this ever again. >> reporter: in historic terms it was only yesterday that the deployment of soviet missiles to cuba at the height of the cold war brought the world to the brink of a nuclear holocaust. this was built in the 1960s. it's all that's left of a lookout post used by cuba's coast guard. they would stand watch here night and day in case there would be an invasion by the united states by sea. now all you see are people looking towards the united states but simply fishing. this week's renewal of diplomatic relations does not erase political differences but psychologically it is as though a curtain is being lifted for most cubans. >> translator: geographically we are so close that probably there is no latin american country better prepared to be one day real brothers. you will see. >> reporter: but forget being 50 yearstingtbliforgetting 50years
of hospital italy is a member of the defense of the committee for the revolution saying she doesn't trust the americans. >> translator: to begin with they haven't lifted the embargo against cuba nor returned guantanamo to us. >> reporter: clearly turning this building into a u.s. embassy does not mean that cuba has a friend across the florida straits but it does mean it no longer has an enemy. >> lucia as you said in your report, it may no longer have an enemy but there is still an issue of trust between some cuban people and the u.s. all in all would you say it's seen by the cuban people as a victory of their government of the did did detente?
>> yes, a victory for their people and the cuban government has not had to make any substantial concessions at all. in fact the cuban government is boasting that this is a triumph that they have not had to bend to the constant pressures from the united states over the last half a century to try to exchange their political system. so very much for government, it's seen as a victory and for ordinary cubans depending whether they like their political system or not at least it marines their sovereignty has been respected. >> lucia newman, al jazeera's latin american editor, thank you. we are still waiting for that press conference between secretary of state john kerry anden cuba's foreign minister.
we'll bring it to you. >> 100 people have been wounded in the town of suruc in turkey. victoria gatenby reports. >> the explosion happened in the turkish town of suruc. most were volunteers who were due to travel to kobani to carry out relief work. it's not yet known what caused the blast. turkey's president said i.t. was oterrorist attack by a suicide bomber. >> people are so angry here and you can see like maybe right now, you can see they are chanting revenge for this attack. and really tight security also. you can see every single corner in suruc. there is turkish police be in
the area. >> there was also a blast in kobani. i.s.i.l. first laid siege to the area in september of last year prompting tens of thousands to escape to turkey. determined syrian fighters defeated i.s.i.l. in kobani but much of the town lies in ruins. many blame the turkish government for not doing more to protect those who fled from syria. >> pro active stance in favor of i.s.i.s, particularly at the time of the siege of kobani, the turkish government seemed to have the attitude, the enemy of my enemy i.e. bashar al-assad, was my friend. and therefore they sat on their hands during the entire siege of kobani. >> in suruc families are
mourning their dead dead they felt their families would be all right but this explosion has proved them wrong. from suruc this report. >> it was in the cultural center in suruc city center, 300 young people from istanbul and ankara other cities. they oar member of the socialist group in turkey. these young people they try support kobani, there is an initiative in kobani, they were in the garden, of this cultural center. they were doing a press conference press release 11:45 strong explosion they heard glass around that area being broken and people like to see really like really bad situation in the area. people are so angry here.
>> turkey analysts analyst thank you very much for being with us. first of all why do you think this specific attack this specific the argt? >> the kurdish national itions in turkey have been helping their counterparts in the fierce battle against the islamic state, in other towns and cities in northern syria so the islamic state combatants carried out an astack to respond against the cooperation between kurds in turkey assisting their brethren in syria. >> so you think turkey's prime minister suggesting i.s.i.l. is behind this is the most likely explanation. >> that the islamic state took out the siege today in suruc.
>> i think this attack may compassion bait tensions between kurds and turks in turkey itself, also i think this attack may alienate more growing semghts against president erdogan's policies towards syria. >> which policies? >> that there's a growing fear amongst the turkish public that turkey is getting dragged too much of the civil war in syria and that may lead to -- that may back fire in turkey itself. >> so you think that those policies would have or that that's the way it's perceived 50 turkeybe turkishbythe turkish people?
>> they want turkey to stay out of the mess and not get dragged in further and further. >> it's a border country whatever there's always going to be would have an impact often the people. 30 dead, 100 plus injured. how much control if any do you think stushed government has turkish government has over this border? >> the 900 kilometer border between turkey and yrts, syria the turkish government has closed down some websites that are sympathetic to the islamic state, arrests of islamic state operatives, the feeling that is not really enough, for president erdogan the number one policy is the removal of bashar al-assad from power and this has been subordinate to that aim.
>> thank you so much for sharing your views with us, thank you. now, chad's form he president has been removed from his trial-z former president has been removed from his trial. called the proceedings a farce . at the the first -- it is the first time one country's leader has commented on another's charges. from the senegalese capital of dacca. >> for the first time an earn african will be judged by africans. the charging president doesn't recognize the court but it doesn't really matter for these people. for them this trial is a victory. >> translator: we want fair and balanced trial.
now it's time for justice to talk and for him to face the. >> the big question on everybody's lips is will hissan habree show up to his trial? he doesn't recognize this court the trial to go ahead and hundreds of victims to come to the bar trial set to last for three months. perhaps bringing an end to impunity for african leaders that are allegedly involved in atrocities. >> the u.n. security council has unanimously endorsed the iran nuclear deal. the five permanent members of the council along with germany have agreed to lift economic
sanctions against iran. in exchange tehran has vowed to curb its nuclear program. our diplomatic editor james bays has more. >> around the security council everyone was welcoming this deal with iran which has now been ratified by the security council starting the clock on the implementation program of this deal. despite the fact there were very positive comments coming from all the countries of the united nations security council the u.s. ambassador made it clear she still has some problems with iran. >> this nuclear deal doesn't change our concern about human rights violations commit tbid iranian government or the instability iran fuels beyond its nuclear program. from its support of terrorist proxies to its repeated threats towards israel to its other destabilizing activities in the region. that is why the united states will continue to invest in the allies in the region and our
reasons for iran's human rights violations. >> later the israeli ambassador to the united nations who wasn't invited to speak in the security council address to reporters make it clear once again that his country believes this deal is a historic mistake. >> at least seven average soldiers have been killed and six others wounded in u.s. air strikes. the incident occurred in the versaki barak district south of kabul an area noan for its heavy taliban presence. jennifer glasse reports from kabul. >> this was an afghan mission to remove the wounded and dead. checkpoints rather than taliban fighters.. >> translator: in my opinion it was a mistake with coordinates. i can't see of any other reason this would happen. >> reporter: some of the wounded soldiers had already been evacuated to a local school. when the taliban attacked the
medical teams. the fight went on for hours. afghan soldiers continued to retrieve their comrades despite the enemy fire. they don't have much choice. afghan forces have limited air capabilities and rely on coordinating with u.s. and nato troops for air support. >> translator: we do have a coordination center, in this case they were not informed at all. >> reporter: only a small nato force remains mainly to train and help afghan forces. there are about 5,000 u.s. forces authorized to carry out what they described as counterterrorism operations. the afghan defense ministry said the attack occurred after attacking u.s. helicopters. what went wrong in the worst friendly fire killing, at the beginning of the year. jennifer glasse, al jazeera
kabul. european union foreign ministers are in brussels for talks on the migrant crisis in the mediterranean. they're trying to agree how to share the burden of 40,000 in mainly syrian and eritrean migrants. they need to end the stalemate before july deadline. charlie angela joins us. charlie, last time that leaders met, tempers got frayed now there's another meeting. what's been agreed? >> reporter: well, they've just walked out of that meeting and we do have some figures. of those 40,000 asylum seekers who are supposed to be relocated throughout the continent they've only managed to disagree on relocating 32,256 and almost half of them will be taken by france and germany. now they're saying that this is a reasonable result, but quite frankly i think it's a bit of a failure on the part of the eu.
some countries have refused to take the quota that was allocated to them, namely poland austria and hungary. those are fairly divide up based on gdp and population. opted out the u.k. naming one. for a union built on solidarity, this has not been a great day. member states are meant to stand together on the challenges of consume on the challenges of migration ant yet they don't seem to be. italy and grease are greece are carrying the better of thousands burden of thousands arriving on their shores. rescue centers are becoming overcrowded staff overstretched their comi economies are suffering and the situation is dire. on a die when they circulate have agreed to take on some of
that burden i think the european ministers have failed. >> only halfway through july, reasonably if weather in the mediterranean, we feel thousands more will continue migrating. have you heard that these relocation quotas are going to relieve the burden on the southern european countries? >> i think if you were to ask that question of greece and italy, they would say absolutely not. be 150,000 this year 170,000 last year that 40,000 really isn't going to discover that. 60% of the refugees arriving in greece are srnz. theysyrians. like eritrea and other parts of the african continent. the numbers will keep coming and the pressure and burden of those two countries are going to keep
increasing. i think it's hard to look and say it's fair and these enshrined principles of the european union which is based on solidarity. >> charlie angela from brussels thank you. greece shores is now the mainlanding point for those crossing from the balkans balkans from turkey. >> they're marching by the hundreds. under the baking sun. on the roads and in the fields. step by step, until they reach the macedonian border and as they go along they form groupings that become bigger and bigger. >> translator: i didn't expect it to be so difficult but now i have to go on. i left everything behind. i'm doing this for my daughter.
>> reporter: greece in the midst of its own financial crisis last no means to provide assistance. so refugees and migrants rely on each other for support and solidarity. the last trech is along the rail tracks and it's where the facilities begin. with no hygienic facilities and one tap of running water. macedonian police patrol the water and are often heavy-hand he. ali is 63 and traveling alone. he was beaten when he tried to sneak across the border. he'd been waiting for four days. >> translator: my son needs treatment. i'm doing this so he can join me. >> reporter: recently mast doabmacedonia have allowed migrants to transit across the country for three days but have to wait until they are allowed in.
so throughout the night more people have arrived and some have already left. they are organizing themselves in groups hoping that at some point the macedonian police will let them through. there are many afghans some eritreans, egyptians and iraqis, but most are syrians who left their families behind. >> translator: we have been here for 14 or 15 hours. we slept on the ground. there's no water. my clothes are dirty. i used to have a good life but look at me now.i'm sleeping on the streets. it makes us feel like human beings to someone to come by and smile at us. >> translator: i was afraid to bring my family here, i didn't want to put them at risk. knob knows about ban disits and bandits
and gangs. >> one by one they're let into macedonia. but here starts a new struggle to get a transit permit. and thenontinue through serbia and hungary before they hope reaching germany or further north. hoda abdel hamid al jazeera on the greek-macedonian border. >> still ahead the children of i.s.i.l. we hear of a young boy who spent five months in a grueling i.s.i.l. training camp before escaping. pulling in the crowds 42 years after his death.
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