Skip to main content

tv   Ali Velshi on Target  Al Jazeera  July 21, 2015 3:30am-4:01am EDT

3:30 am
showing ice on pluto. it the project detects intelligent life, that would be out of this world. you can find a lot more on all the major stories on the al-jazeera website, david schuster in for ali velshi. "on target," clouding the nuclear negotiators and bernie sanders fall. political hot potato known as iran, the nuclear deal started ticking on
3:31 am
monday. formally sent to the congress the 189 page agreement, and the u.n. endorsed the deal, after iran takes certain disagreed upon steps to current its nuclear program. the timing represents a defeat for american opponents of the deal. they wanted congress to review the pact before the united nations vote took place. meanwhile the european union also approved the deal today, putting more pressure on lawmakers. critics of the agreement got nor ammunition, thanks to the iran's supreme leaders, ayatollah ali khamenei, won't change his approach to the arrogant u.s. government, he will help palestinian groups the united states labeled as terrorists. the united states supports a
3:32 am
quote terrorist child killer zionist regime how can we agree with such policies? agreement could actually help iran develop a nuclear weapon. today u.s. defense secretary ash carter traveled to tel aviv, cartecarter met with israel defe minister moshe yalon. and called the deal a historic mistake, u.s. song responds to the iran nuclear agreement today a group of 60 national security experts including former secretary of state madeline albright, broaded the deal and congratulating president obama. we believe without the agreement the risks to the security of the united states and its friends would be far greater it. critics disagree. they argue this disagreement still doesn't stop the ability
3:33 am
of iran to produce a nuclear weapon. written in letters by former advisors, as secretary of state kerry and president obama begin their final efforts to reach an iranian deal. james jefferson wa jeffers was a owner deputy national security virus mr. jeffrey joins us from washington. ambassador, you called this agreement inadequate. secretary of state john kerry said there was no viable alternative. why isn't he correct? >> he's correct in one sense in that the international community did not want to wage war on iran and certainly americans didn't and iran was not going to give in and give up its entire infrastructure for uranium enrichment. so in that sense, we didn't have an alternative but what we could
3:34 am
have done was to get a somewhat better agreement. little things matter. it was the u.s. that introduced this u.n. resolution several days ago. this is rubbing salt in the unnecessarily. there are a lot of little things about this agreement that make it worse that tougher negotiating and more patience could have fixed. but in the end -- >> give us an example of some of the little things you said could have been better. >> certainly. the limitations on weapons and missiles are each five and eight years. they could go longer. they could go for the ten year period of the entire u.n. effort with, that is in the framework of this agreement. that would be one thing that would reassure people in the region. another thing would be, a somewhat shorter period to lou inspectors to go anywhere, any time. that's what the administration promised. what we have now is a laborious 24 day period. it is not the end of the world.
3:35 am
they can still do a lot after 24 days but it gives iranians the opportunity to clean things up and it gives critics a chance to say the obama administration be a chance to say it isn't sears. they would have then been able to sell this deal to a very skeptical congress and a very skeptical american public very much easy per. >> there was president obama in his weekly radio address this weekend suggesting this will actually slow down iran's ability to develop a nuclear weapon. here's the president i want to get your impression. >> this deal actually closes off iran's pathway to get a nuclear weapon. with this deal they'll have to ship 98% of their material out of the country leaving them with a fraction of what it takes to make even one weapon. with this deal, they'll have to repurpose two key nuclear facilities so they can't produce terms had a could be used for a
3:36 am
nuclear weapon. >> again intor jeffrey, iran vs. its fissile material, 93% of the enriched uranium shipped out, isn't the u.s. in a better position than it was before this deal? >> if the agreement is adhered to by the iranians and all the provisions carried out the president is right, that the current time line for iran to get a nuclear device which is two to three months, would be pushed back to a year. that's the good news. the bad news is, even if it's pushed back a year, iran could go down that road. they did it before up to 2013. secondly, the problem is, iran will, after ten years, largely and after 15 years, almost completely, be exempt from the strictures that limit it to one year to go to a bomb. and it will be free of all sanctions
3:37 am
and all criticism by the international community. because it will be given a more or less clean bill of health. that's the political problem that's tied up in this agreement but yeah it does push back the time line for treun ge iran to get a bomb if iran adheres to it. >> thank you ambassador. >> thank you. >> president rouhani campaign message in 2013 but so was improving the lives of iranian women. it's important to know that iran has long been more progressive to its neighbor saudi arabia, but islamic rule still dictates what iranian women can do. some iranian women have been attacked with acid for not properly wearing the hijab or head scarf. you have to look beyond the veil.
3:38 am
as jacksonvill jacksonville did on his recent trip to iran. >> the image of the iranian woman covered head to toe as mandated by the government, can come across as second class. but look beyond the hijab and you'll see participation in all levels of iranian society. >> you have over 50% of women graduating from universities. women are delaying marriage limiting the number of children that they're having and they want to be actively engaged in the workforce. >> in fact women now account for nearly 60% of all college students. they've gained greater access to health care and birth control and 17% of adult females have joined the workforce. >> translator: we have many women who are active in various sectors of business, trade,
3:39 am
import, export and even international transportation. >> iranian women have taken in political life as well, one of two female vice presidents in president hive sh are hasan rouhani's government. >> we still need men to create the full potential of our women. >> iran ranks 137 out of 142 countries when it comes to gender equality. major issues range from equal pay, iranian women earn only 59% of what men do to basic human rights. >> iran is not saudi arabia. with all that said, if at some point in time a woman runs into
3:40 am
the legal system into the courts, that's when they will realize there's a huge disconnect what they are actually up against in the court system. >> and hard liners in iran have continued to fight further progress. they've threatened women's rights activists, pushed for tougher enforcement of the female distress code and even prevented women from attending sporting events. >> it is disturbing. not like after a time you have to do that you have to talk like position. this is tough i think, the limit here. >> ultimately that means president rouhani's government will have a tough time appeasing both islamic conservatives and an increasingly well educated female voter agitating for human rights. but the fight will continue. >> women are more than half the university graduates in rawn.
3:41 am
they are not paid -- in iran. they are not paid as much for same jobs. you are trying to get women into more government positions and become members of parliament. can women ever be full and equal participants in the society? >> in the past years, despite the conditions passed on to us from previous governments, we have tried hard to gain the respect of women, the president has pointed out the importance of women's equally participation and that gender equality needs to be created. >> ali velshi, al jazeera.
3:42 am
3:43 am
3:44 am
>> hillary clinton and her supporters are beginning to experience deja vu. clinton is again the front runner to win the democratic presidential nomination but closing fast, it may seem like 2007 when then senator barack obama surpriseeveryone but this time it's vermont senator bernie sanders trying to play the role of clinton spoiler. 51% to 47% nationwide, a nine point drop for clinton and a ten point gain for sanders in just two months. and according to the most recent poll for cnn sanders now trails clinton by just eight percentage points. bernie mania is clearly taking off. just look at the reception he received in phoenix, arizona on
3:45 am
saturday. 11,000 people showed up the largest yet for sanders. a day later in dallas he drew 8,000 people and 5,000 in houston, those are incredible numbers for a self proclaimed socialist in two very red states. sanders is mixing a blunt campaign style with very be qualified rhetoric. >> the wealthiest country in the world, nobody knows it because all of the wealth rests in the hands of the few . >> having been victimized before by an upstart campaign should hillary clinton be worried now? jason johnson is the author of political consultants and campaigns, one day to sell. he joins us from atlanta. jason, hillary clinton has some problems, right? >> david, hillary's got lots of problems.
3:46 am
she's got lots of problems. there are trust issues, there are e-mail issues. there are communication issues, there are spontaneity issues. hillary clinton has 99 problems but bernie sanders unfortunately for him is not one of them. >> 60% of american democrats don't trust hillary clinton. the numbers are close to a majority. whenever you oar front runner and it seems like more people are against you than for you doesn't that allow for somebody like bnsdz to slip in? >> the only way that bernie sanders can really slip in and make a difference if he can capture a demographic group more so than hillary clinton. rand paul is dangerous to a republican front of party because he's got the youth vote on lock. but bernie sanders doesn't have that. he's not winning against hillary with older voters, not winning against her with younger voters.
3:47 am
he's not going to win against voters. i don't know what bernie sanders ceiling, but not close enough that would make hillary worry right now. >> about the arizona minorities? arrogance. if you oar democratic candidate running for president right now you have to expect protest from immigration groups, from lgbt, groups and from black lives matters groups. it's part of the job and if you're not prepared to handle that then you shouldn't be running for office. and bernie sanders came out, he had seen the protestors already rake martin o'malley over the coals. he sort of dismissed them like a grumpy old man, like get off my lawn and he made that worse. >> yet hillary clinton didn't even bother to go to net roots which burned a lot of people that were there and secondly as people look at the policies
3:48 am
bernie sanders is promoting, his policies would actually do a lot more according to his campaign for african americans and people at the lower end of the economic scale than what hillary clinton is offering. >> it's true. hillary clinton is a centrist, she's the front runner. bernie sanders's policies wog beneficial to everyone in the 61. the tactical issues he made in phoenix, it doesn't matter if you are well spoken have a job don't have a job, black people are suffering discrimination by the police. if you look at the sandra bland situation, this is a 28-year-old person going to a job at a college and still sh she dies under suspicious circumstances. >> if you suggest how bernie
3:49 am
sanders mishandled things in phoenix, when hillary clinton was at an african american church, she says all lives matter, instead of black lives matter. i seem to remember twitter exploding that particular weekend. it seems like nobody has quite handled this particular issue very well. >> no, they haven't. and it's not that complicated. i mean david think about it. back in the '80s or '90s people said save the whales, no no no, save all marine life, there was a particular problem with whales. if you want 55% of african american women turn out to vote in your favor like it did for obama, in turn states like ohio, in turn states like florida, you have to say black lives matter. it's not going to be that offensive. it's not like hillary clinton or bernie sanders are going to turn off conservative voters by saying so.
3:50 am
eventually they come around to it. but yet you add policy to have resonance. >> jason johnson thanks so much for joining us, we appreciate it. just ahead, one big divide between the democrats and republicans involves cuba. >> television icon norman lear >> we hoped we were delivering real characters... >> creator of "all in the family" "the jeffersons" and "good times" talks race, comedy and american culture today... >> you're taking me to a place in this interview, i haven't been before... >> i told you this would be your best interview you've done... >> every tuesday night. >> i lived that character. >> go one on one with america's movers and shakers. >> we will be able to see change. >> gripping. inspiring. entertaining. talk to al jazeera. only on al jazeera america.
3:51 am
3:52 am
>> today the its and cuba finally buried a relic of the cold war. the two nations reopened their embassies turning the page on five decades of mistrust. bruno rodriguez and john kerry presided over an honor guard, cuban embassy, that's the first
3:53 am
time that has happened since dwight eisenhower was in office. secretary of state john kerry is expected to travel to havana in august for a similar ceremony. symbolism matters, that's especially true when it comes to business. relation he can be, clearly havana needs the money. but those new investments can also be a double edged sword . david ariosto traveled to havana. >> for restaurant owners in cuba, this is the picture of progress. live music, free flowing rum and a high class of clientele who aren't just foreigners. in italy the suburb of havana, cuban elite also dine and drink. and for a country that has long aspired to do away with notions of rich and poor, a new and
3:54 am
historic shift in u.s. policy could deepen a subdivide in this communist country where new stratas of wealth and class are already starting to form. while murals of revolutionaries like che guivera still be are shown in the streets. farming reforms aprogressive tax structure and shrinking state payrolls will not allow small business to crop up. so havana it's amazing can you see it like this. only a couple of years ago it was just this brick wall shrouding. it was a secret enclave for dignitaries and traveling foreigners. that is emblem atic of the change
3:55 am
in cuba. inside a chef prepares a japanese style dish which costs $22 roughly the equivalent of an average state worker's monthly salary. it is a scene of luxury that for generations have been off-limits to most cubans. but the island answer emerging private sector which will get a major boost under the new u.s. policy, will give a little more cash to spend. >> translator: when we started this restaurant a plate of food cost two or $3. today nothing costs that fm we're trying to make a rb mate that is more complicated and more sophisticated. >> during the period in which soviet subsidies dried up, cuba tried to foster more restaurants like this one. it hand again in 2011 with the cash crunch that the country experienced and fuel price is
3:56 am
stopped and venezuelan subsidies are no longer there or in short supply, the thinking is that cuba might be looking for other revenue sources. state run economy is trying to churn out more wealth through private enterprise and in restaurants like these it seems to be working . but drive just 17 minutes down the road to old havana and the story is much different for many of those who live here and still depend on compensation for the government the opportunities are grim. >> we are in the lower class, you understand? the middle class has much more opportunities to get involved in tourism here. money outside everybody is normal but on the inside there are social differences here. >> reporter: on the bottom rung are those like alberto who earns about $20 a month sweeping floors in
3:57 am
a nearby hogs. his family which includes everyone from alberto's 92-year-old mother to his one-year-old daughter, they live together in the crumbling section of havana, where running water and plumbing don't often work. there's not enough to patch the roof. alberto's die bettic brother, their lack of funds may cost him hig leg which has become swollen swollen. his medication costs $20 per bottle, which is alberto's entire monthly salary. >> if you don't have your health you don't have anything. >> when fidel castro rode to power in 1959, he provided free access to lings like education
3:58 am
and health care and yet cuba's health care system faces chronic shortages as a result of the trade embargo, that means help with health comes from families living in places like miami. like much of the funding from cuba's new array of businesses. in fact relatives seventh almost $3 billion back to the island last year but it's not all evenly distributed. about 82% of that money went to white cubans according to a recent study, even though 11 million are considered black or of a mixed race. >> translator: it's not people who live out in the current side who get money and help. -- the country side who get money and help. it is the white people who droll market here in havana. >> some fear of a widening racial divide in a country with rootle derived from both spanish colonists and
3:59 am
african slaves. and the new investment pours into the island cuban communism may enter a new era of haves and have nots, a market that fidel castro wanted to avoid. >> every one of the proposes that the presidential has made has in essence of disrupting the social fabric of cuba. it has to do with recreating a middle class and professional class that the 1959 revolution sought to extinguish. >> new remit remittances. to transform cuban communism.
4:00 am
>> voting in burundi in a presidential poll, the u.n. and opposition condemned. hello. you are with al-jazeera live from doha. also to come on the program. >> make no mistake, the process of fully normalizing relations between the united states and cuba will go on. >> after more than 50 years, the cuban flag flies again in washington. differences remain on both sides. turkey says isil was


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on