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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 24, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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turkey joints the fight against isil and vows to defeat kurdish rebels as part of the same offensive. ♪ hello there, i'm julie mcdonald, this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up after months of violence burundi's president wins a controversial third term. also ahead -- >> i'm in nairobi, and i'll be bringing you the latest on barack obama's first presidential visit to kenya. and a new treatment for
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malaria could save the lives of millions of children in sub saharan africa. ♪ hello there. a warm welcome to the program. in the two years since the islamic state of iraq and the levant has carved out positions across syria and iraq turkey has been reluctant to involve itself militarily. that is until now. now on friday it has begun air strikes against isil targets in syria. turkey's prime minister says this is not a single event, but a process. police have also carried out raids across turkey an operation spanning 13 provinces, more than 297 suspects are now in custody. some are suspected isil members, but there is also members of the pkk. it say it will treat groups like
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isil and the pkk without distinction. isil has been blamed for a suicide bomb which killed more than 30 people in the turkish border town. the turkish president urged his country to trust him and his government. >> translator: these are the steps against our national security our state and government will take needed action against attack no matter what it is. it is not only for last night. we will take the necessary precautions for our nation's security and peace. last night was just the start of this, and we will keep going in the same way. we're a different struggle from now on. we will do whatever is needed in this struggle. our nation should trust their state. rosiland jordan joins me life from washington. hi, ros. what reaction has there been state side to this decision by turkey to finally hit back at isil fighters?
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>> julie there isn't been official on the record confirmation, but certainly the decision to allow u.s. fighter jets to access the air base in order to carry out the strikes on isil targets inside syria is something that the u.s. government would welcome, because it has been wanting this access for the better part of the past year, and, however, the turkish government has refused to allow that access because there has been a fundamental difference in how the two countries see the fight inside syria. the u.s. is very concerned about the spread of isil and it wants to have as many opportunities and as many locations as possible to try to carry out its air war against isil. however, the turkish government sees it very differently. it is much more concerned about the ongoing rule of bashar al-assad as syria's president and it wants to see him deposed. however, the u.s. has been very
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reluctant to try to expand the opposition to the syrian government in terms of warfare, so there's really been this standoff up until recent weeks where the ability to access the base and the agreement to try to have a more united front in confronting isil has actually been resolved. >> we know from turkey today they are saying they are going to arrest pkk members or suspected members in the away as isil members. but the kurds have been working as allies with the u.s. in the fight against isil. >> julie, that's probably the best way to put it messy. and it has really complicated the fight against isil as well as trying to help the syrian moderates who are opposed to the
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government of bashar al-assad? that you have so many people who might prove useful in one way, but who are very difficult in other ways and of course it's the pkk for the turkish government, and for the u.s. government, it has been considered al-nusra who has been considered the most skilled fighters against the syrian government, but the u.s. considers them to be terrorists. so this is something that has to be negotiated and probably won't be resolved any time soon because as we all know the turkish government considers the pkk a fundamental threat to the tur -- turkish government. it's a very difficult task for u.s. policy makers. >> rosiland jordan joining me live from washington.
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rosland thank you. ♪ burundi's electoral commission has announced president pierre nkurunziza will continue for a controversial third term in office. this was not a hard-won victory, many opposition parties didn't even run in the election. his decision to run for a third term defied rules set out in the constitution, and triggered months of protests that often turned deadly. haru maatta sa is following the story. will people will able to accept this result? >> reporter: that's what people are waiting to see. we at least expected nkurunziza's supporters to be out in the streets celebrating. but it's unusually quiet. it's getting dark and a lot of
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burundians who are concerned about violence overnight have gone home. it's a wait and see situation. some are saying they won't accept it. the question is if they make good on their word what will they do to try to stop him? >> and there was some talk about a unity government. do people have any sort of optimism that that may become a reality at some stage later? >> i think some people think it could be a short-term solution but they know that's not the real solution to all of the problems here. you have politicians who don't trust each other, and getting them to sit around the same table in the same government working together some people are skeptical. but there is a major push to try to get these talks going, to try to get opposing sides to agree to a unity government. one opposition member said i'll
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agree to it but i won't agree to five years of pierre nkurunziza. i will agree to one year and then it should go to election. >> what are people telling you on the streets? >> reporter: very little. most people don't want violence. they are really concerned that civil war could break out. you have those soldiers who tried to have a coup and failed they are living outside of the country. and so it's a wait and see situation. a few hours from now, we'll see what happens. the president has called for parliament to meet on monday. he says he is going to run this country for five more year and he told people to accept this. whether they will do that we'll wait and see. >> thank you.
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in neighboring rwanda burundi refugees are being recruited to take on the government. catherine soi has this exclusive report. >> reporter: this mother of five was a teacher in burundi's capitol. she says her husband left this camp two weeks ago after a series of meetings with people said to be enlisting men into an unknown rebel group to fight the government in burundi. talking to us even with her identity hind is dangerous, but she says she just wants her husband back. >> he hinted that he was going to fight for the country and bring feet but he wouldn't give me details. >> reporter: we also talked to several young men who say they have been approached by the so-called recruiters, and who know of refugees who have left to unknown locations for alleged weapons training.
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>> reporter: many people here are afraid to speak out, and those who manage to talk to are already saying that their lives are being threatened. the united nations refugee agency officials have also heard the allegations. >> of course we have been concerned about such attempts. and therefore, we have raised it with the government from the beginning of establishment of the camps, and we have been given assurances that the government will take all measures to curve such attempts that would be done. >> reporter: earlier this month, the military paraded men and weapons it said were captured in fighting along the border with rwanda. many people here are angry at burundi's president's run for a third term which they say is unconstitutional. and they accuse the youth wing of killing and intimidating opponents back home but they
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say they won't join any rebellion. >> actually we cannot fight with those soldiers. we failed already. we cannot fight with those in [ inaudible ], because they are already frightened, and they are armed. they have all of those arms but we still have one arm, our goal is there. [ inaudible ] president trust in right now. >> reporter: according to refugees we talked to the mass recruitment witnessed earlier in the conflict has gone down but people like this woman, who still doesn't know where her husband is say they are worried. catherine soi, al jazeera, eastern rwanda. security is being tightened in kenya's capitol ahead of barack obama's visit to his father's homeland. it will be the first-ever trip to the country by a sitting u.s. president. while there, he is expected to focus on economic initiatives as he shores up his legacy on the african continent.
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andrew simmons reports. >> reporter: nairobi's skyline as u.s. forces move in and the americans are monitoring all air space in kenya and somalia, ahead of the u.s. president's arrival. barack obama is setting out on his first presidential visit to the homeland of his late father. but any personal fulfillment will be tinged with the time line of human loss here. from al-qaeda's 1998 bombing in nairobi in which 200 kenyons and 12 americans died. the al-shabab attack on the west gait shopping mall to the attack on the university that killed nearly 150 people only three months ago. while this summit is all about innovation entrepreneurship,
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and economic growth the rest of barack obama's visit isn't expected to be positive all the way. issues such as security good governance, and corruption are going to be on the agenda. and there could be some tough talking. the u.s. has had an uneasy relationship with kenya. this man was indicted by the international criminal court. those charges have now been dropped. that's the reason why this visit is going ahead. he will be asking obama for more assistance in his fight against al-shabab. >> we have been working in very close relations with u.s. agencies. >> he will be asking his counterpart counterpart, we need more support, more training, so they
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can do better work. >> reporter: in the run up to the visit, west gate mall has reopened. no memorials here. but kenyans are still skeptical about whether or not enough is being done to protect them. and they'll be looking to a u.s. president with kenyan roots for more help. still to come we'll find out why this traveler is cautions tension on the streets of indonesia. and asian inspiration, u.s. math teachers take on eastern methods to improve their students' scores. ♪
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♪ welcome back. reminder of those top stories here on al jazeera. turkey has begun air strikes against the islamic state of iraq and the levant in syria, and more than 297 people linked to isil in groups like the outlawed pkk have also been arrested. they say they will treat groups like isil and the pkk without distinction. >> translator: these are the steps against our national security. our state and government will take needed action against any attack no matter what it is. it is not only for last night. we will take the necessary precautions for our nation's security and paste -- peace. last night was just the start of this, and we'll keep going in the same way.
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we're a different struggle from now. we will do whatever is needed in this struggle. our nation should trust their state. burundi's electoral commission has announced president pierre nkurunziza will continue for a controversial third term in office. he secured almost 70% of the vote. in a controversial poll boycotted by many opposition candidates. let's return to our top story. zana hoda is on the border and she joins us now. hey, zana turkey has decided that this is the right moment to take decisive action. why? >> well, yes. turkey has declared war on isil like you said the right moment. turkey really has been a very reluctant partner in the coalition against the armed group. in fact turkey has been
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criticizing the coalition strategy, saying it is not going to work if the coalition focuses only on isil and not ousting the syria regime. why now? yes, the bombing in which more than 32 people were killed really was a turning point. turkey authorities had to act. people were very angry. they felt the authorities were not protecting them. but there's more to that julie. at the end of the day, there have been tensioned along this border for sometime now, and turkey doesn't just see isil as a threat. turkey sees the growing authority, and the growing of the syrian kurds taking territory, and with the possibility of creating a state. so many analysts really here in turkey believe that maybe there's some sort of a deal whereby turkey cooperates in the fight against isil and in return it will get some sort of
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guarantee from the coalition that the kurds will not be able to expand and isil will not be able to threaten the syrian opposition who, of course turkey supports. >> zana thank you. friday marks one year since the last case of polo was reported in nigeria. nigeria's success has raised hopes that health workers are winning the fight to eradicate the disease. our correspondent reports from nigeria. >> reporter: these survivors contracted polo as children probably from drinking dirty water or swallowing human excrement while playing. today they are receiving wheelchairs. this polo survivor makes and distributes the chairs. he is immensely happy that it
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has been a year since the last case was reported. >> we'll have to give lots of credit to the government for this sustained effort at polio eradication. the government agency [ inaudible ] international, bill and melinda gate's foundation. >> reporter: it has taken years of door-to-door campaigning to give 111 million children in the region, the polio drops to achieve this year's milestone and by challenging religious attitudes. >> there is total rejection. they have been anticipating a fear that there is an agenda to deal with a population explosion from the muslim community and in
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fact make some of them become baren, especially the women. >> reporter: scientists will have to analyze the data until the end of september. if it's all clear, nigeria will taken off of the list of polioen demmic countries, leaving pakistan and afghanistan. but there must be no new cases for the next two years for nigeria to be declared polio free. >> we can't take our foot off of the accelerator, we need to maintain the same level of resources. we need to ensure full commitment of the health workers. >> reporter: this person is hoping that nigeria will become polio free in 2017 so he can stop making wheelchairs for survivors. he says being paralyzed is a -- a warning to parents. and his vaccinated four children
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are proof the disease can be prevented. there has also been significant progress in the fight to control malaria, the first drug to make babies immune has been approved. >> reporter: it's been a long road for drug company gsk, they have spent more than 30 years and $560 million developing this malaria vaccine. but trials are in 11 locations across africa proved disappointing. by the age of four, they were 46% less likely to have suffered from malaria, but it has little impact on the number of severe cases and deaths and was considerably less effective on children up to the age of five months. that hasn't stopped the european agency giving the vaccine the
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green light. this means the world health organization can now look at how effective it is. governments in affected countries will need to give it approval, and funding will also need to be found. it's believed a course could cost about $5 per child. two people have been killed in a shooting at a cinema in the u.s. state of louisiana. police say a lone gunman opened fire and then turned the gun onhimself. he is being described as a drifter. police say he planned on escaping but shot himself as police closed in. the autopsy of a black woman found dead in a texas jail has revealed no evidence that she was killed by someone else. prosecutors say the marks around her neck are consistent with suicide by hanging. bland was arrested by traffic police three days before she was found dead in her cell.
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a video shows the state trooper drawing a stun gun and threatening bland when she refused to follow his orders. u.s. students rank amongst the world's poorest performance in mathematics. that's why u.s. schools are looking to asia for guidance. >> reporter: each day this keeper works with her students to make math fun. what her students don't realize is the math games they are playing are teaching them critical thinking. >> they have become more affluent counters. they are better at thinking. they have just become all around better thinkers in math. >> reporter: it wasn't always this way. seven years ago, students here at this washington school were struggling. school administrators realized they needed a new approach. so they looked to the lessons of
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the world's most successful nation when it comes to student mathematics, singapore. >> it brings together problem solving, and deep thinking and really conceptual learning. >> reporter: they are areas where u.s. students consistently underperform contrast that with students from singapore who came out on top of rankings of 76 countries. the united kingdom ranked 20th. the united states 28th. that's why this school administrator hopes the singapore math method building complex skill over time will result in the high-level math skills american students need to compete in a global economy. but her school's transition hasn't been easy. >> it has taken us a lot of frustrations, but at the same time we have seen the success
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within the community. >> reporter: many u.s. teachers don't have the training or in-depth understanding necessary to teach singapore math. there's a high turnover of teachers in hundreds of u.s. schools now using the teaching method for their students. still some remain optimistic. >> my hope is they would make the connection with the real world that you can tackle a problem in many different ways. >> reporter: something educators in the u.s. must also do. kimberly halkett al jazeera, washington. motorbike taxis are a popular way to get around indonesia. >> reporter: it started with a mobile phone application, now six months later, it has more than 1 million users and 11,000 motorbike drivers delivering services in congested cities
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across indonesia. customers place orders on their phones and the drivers accept them. taking people to their destinations, delivering food orders or packages. >> translator: go check is more efficient. it saves time it saves engive and it saves money. >> reporter: it's a professional version of the traditional moto bike taxis. >> we're actually not selling multiple services, what we're essentially selling is time and that has to be one of the most precious commodities being an urban dweller. it works because both sides of the platform are benefiting immensely. >> reporter: this is often the only way to get around in big cities in indonesia. but this also has a down side. drivers have been facing threats
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from other traditional motorbike drivers because they can't take the competition. in several areas traditional drives have placed banners ordering the drivers not to enter their neighborhoods. >> translator: my motorbike was hit with sticks and i was chased. it happens a lot now. >> reporter: this person has been a driver for more than eight years after the company he worked for went bankrupt. he says now his income has been halved. >> these businessmen sit in their offices with their mobile phones and make money. we do the real work. >> reporter: but this drivers and tens of thousands of others are facing a difficult future. the governor is supporting the new services. >> translator: this application could stop the [ inaudible ] problem. >> reporter: they say they are losing a lot of money.
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>> you have to follow this technology. >> reporter: go check tries to lower tensions by sending in special teams to approach the other drivers, but some are sorried those tensions could turn into something worse. more on our website, he had a vision a name and a future. >> police event identify the victims of the shooting at a louisiana movie theater. an autopsy reveals new information in the death of a woman inside a texas jail cell. but her family says the evidence still does not add up. and