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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 27, 2015 11:00am-12:01pm EDT

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>> hello, welcome to another news hour from al jazeera. in doha i'm adrian finnigan. coming up in the next 60 minutes rounding up more suspects. turkey's campaign against the pkk and isil continues in the cities and in the air. the u.s. releases it's list of worse offenders for human trafficking. cuba and malaysia are taken off the blacklist. >> our security cooperation is pushing back against violent extremism. >> barack obama praises africa union troops for recent advances
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against al-shabab. >> in one of europe's leading robotics labs where they're inspiring a new generation of surgical technology. >> we begin this news hour in turkey. the government there has asked for an emergency nato meeting to discuss threats to its national security. as it continues to strike targets in both iraq and syria. in the latest developments counter terrorism police arrested 15 isil suspects during morning raids. 13 pkk suspects have also been detained in the southeast of the country. turkish jets have been bombing the pkk targets across the border in northern iraq. prime minister said that armed syrian kurdish groups, the ypg could have a place in syria's future if it cuts ties with the
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assad regime. he also says that turkey has no plans to send ground troops into syria. more now from kilis in southern turkey on the syrian border. >> the ypg the syrian kurdish fighting force accused the turkish military of targeting their positions inside syria. it's an accusation that turkey denied. but clearly tensions are worsening between these two players. turkey considers the ypg a terrorist organization, and it hasn't been happy with the recent territorial gains that the syrian kurds have been making. it's now controls more than half of the syria-turkey border, and this really has raced a lot of suspicions in turkey. the government believes that the syrian kurds want to create their own state inside syria. and at the same time we heard
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the syrian kurdish fighting force accuse turkey of declaring war on isil as a cover up to target the kurds instead. it's a very complicated situation, but the turkish prime minister made it clear. he extended a hand to the syrian kurds giving them a set of conditions for them to be part of what he is calling a new syria. but the ypg is just not interested. according to the ypg the turks cannot tell white house we cooperate with on the ground. we all cooperate with all syrian parties. >> let's hear from bernard smith from istanbul on monday morning's raids. >> 15 people have been arrested in ankara in this rate latest set of raids. they say that they're all foreigners. it's a series of raids that have been going on for the past weeks
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and months in turkey. they picked up speed near after the bombing near the syrian border last weekend. it's targeting not only potential fighters but the pkk and a left wing group here in turkey. it targets owl terrorist groups. over the border the syrian kurds there are claiming that the turkish military has shelled a town near kobane, a village near kobane twice in the last few days. once on friday. it was issued as a mistake when they sheffield united ypg positions and then again on sunday. turkish military said that it's investigating these claims but says it is not targeting ypg positions in syria. the turkish military said that it's only interested in isil positions in syria with those airstrikes and it's been
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targeting card stance workers party positions in northern iraq pkk bases there. nevertheless the turkish military said it is investigating these claims of shelling of ypg positions in syria. >> well, turkey and the united states have reportedly agreed on the creation of a safe zone in northern syria. we look at what that plan might entail. >> turkey has been pushing for a no-fly zone south of its border with syria. it would encroach into territory now held by fighters of the islamic state in iraq and the levant as seen in these darkened areas. turkey wants u.s. led airstrikes to fight in these shaded areas. it also stretches 165 south of the turkish border and said its intention is to become a
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protected haven for the estimated 2 million syrian refugees who have escaped to turkey. >> we have always defended the safe zones and no fly zones in syria. we always under lie the solution to the problem in syria is political. a solution without assad. people who have been displaced can be placed in those safe zones. when areas in northern syria are cleared the threat, the safe zones will be formed naturally. >> well, the u.s. government has ruled out a full scale no-fly zone which would prevent syrian aircraft from entering but reportedly agreed to join military efforts in a so-called safe zone. the creation of this safe zone is said to be one of the conditions that turkey laid out before finally allowing u.s. aircraft the use of its air base near the syrian border. that deal was struck last week. indian security forces have been placed on high alert after an attack by gunmen nery the border
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of pakistan. ten people including three of the attackers were killed in punjab. the pakistani government has condemned the attack. u.s. secretary of state john kerry unveiled its department the latest report on global human trafficking and described it as modern day slavery and outlined the purpose of the report. >> we want to provide evidence and facts that will help people who are already striving to achieve reforms to alleviate suffering and to hold people accountable. we want to provide a strong incentive for governments at every level to do all that they can to prosecute trafficking and to shield at-risk populations. >> well, malaysia and cuba have been taken over the state department blacklist.
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kualakuala lumpur moved up a grade cuba has gone up a tier. it's trying to increase the number of prosecutions in trafficking cases but forced labor and sex tourism are still widespread there. thailand remains at the lowest level. it's a crossroads for human traffickers. the u.s. said that the thai government is not doing enough about corruption, which it says is rife on both sides of the thai-malaysian border. let's go live to washington, d.c. our correspondent roslind jordan is there for us. what is the significance of this report? how is it compiled? >> well, first off adrian, we should note that there are four categories and not just three. and the category into which both malaysia and cuba have been moved is basically a warning category. one saying that it's not going to take much in the way of little or no effort in their
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reforms right now for them to fall right back to the bottom. they've made a little progress but not nearly enough to get into the second tier. certainly not enough to meet the minimum standard, which is the number one standard. what the u.s. government does is interview all the government's compiled in this report as well as ngos about the legal efforts about the prosecutions, rescues and rehab programs that these countries run to try to deal not just with sex trafficking but modern day slavery. workers who lose their passports to their employers who then control their comings and goings. people who whoa are not able to freely congregate with their country men and women if they happen to be working in another country. all sorts of legal problems that arise out of this behavior. and then analysts at the state department take that evidence and basically rank each country based on how it has performed
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for one year to the next. >> and what are we to make of cuba being moved up the rankings just after diplomatic relations have been restored between the u.s. and cuba? >> well, adrian as it happens this is a cons dental move, around it is something that the secretary was at great pains to express here at the roll out here at the u.s. state department. these analysts are looking at countries' behavior pretty much around the clock throughout the year. what they found is that in 2013 the cuban government started making efforts to try to go after human traffickers particularly in the sex trade made a little more progress in in 2014, but they still haven't done enough to prosecute even more of these people that they suspect are involved in the human trafficking trade and they have not done enough to deal with the separate problem that of forced labor.
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people who are working as slaves not getting paid. not getting the benefits they should be getting for their work and not enough legal reforms. that's why you saw just the tiniest bit of movement in terms of cuba's rankings from 2013 to to 2014. >> roslind thanks, indeed. roslind jordan in washington. let's get some analysis now from its other side of the world. we have been covering malaysia's reaction to the report. here is his report from kuala lumpur. >> malaysia will be reliefved that the united states has given it a tier-two on the watch list grading. it means that malaysia's relationship financial relationship and business relationship with the united states remains on track. yet there is a caveat that the united states has put into their report. they want to see malaysia do more with regards to people trafficking. back in may it was highlighted that many of those that are
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trafficked and land on malaysian soil are really incarcerated intoing in more than camps and when dead bodies were found the the malaysian public was outraged and want the it's government to do more. authorities say they'll review their when people land on in their country are not discriminated against. many come without legal papers and many are returned to their country. they want to ease those restrictions and allow people to at least work with the ngo
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system and have normality in their life. malaysia is the u.s. fourth largest business partner. in 2014 business done between the two countries amounted to $40.3 billion behind china japan and singapore. malaysia will want to keep that grading because if it doesn't it could incur sanctions and restrictions to institutions such as the world bank and the imf. >> let's bring in matthew smith whose founder and executive director of an organization that works to protect vulnerable people from human traffickers. he's with us from bangkok. matthew, what is your reaction to this report in terms of the rankings given to malaysia, thailand and myanmar? >> yes thanks, at this point its fairly clear to us that political decision was made to upgrade malaysia. the facts on the ground don't support the decision to give
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malaysia an upgrade. we've been documenting severe abuses related to the human trafficking of people in malaysia shah and into malaysia in the past several years. this report focuses on malaysia 's performance in 2014 and unfortunately the facts do not speak to an upgrade. >> tell us about some of the abuses that you've documented not only in malaysia, but in thailand and myanmar in particular. >> well, i think one of the more shocking aspects of the documentation not only by fortified rights but other organizations and in the media have been the revelation of a number of mass graves in the border areas. we've been documenting far more mass graves than either thailand or malaysia has acknowledged. and that's been a series concern. myanmar, for example myanmar is also a tear two watch list. we were expecting myanmar to be
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down graded this year. that did not happen, which we also suspect some political thinking went into that. but forced labor has been an enormous problem in myanmar and very little is being done to stop it in two key parts of the country in the west are row hinn rohingya muslims have been forced to work for the army and in the north myanmar where people have been forced to work for the myanmar army. >> you say these countries have been moved up purely because the u.s. wants to do business with them, and if they're tier three countries then the laws in the states say they can't do business with them? >> it's a mis-step. you know, secretary kerry is right to suggest that the optimum move is to give countries an incentive.
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but to reward countries that have not demonstrate what had they need to demonstrate in order to be with regarded in this area. malaysia in 2014 process 2014 prosecuted three human traffickers, we're talking about the situation of trafficking of thousands upon thousands of people. we're talking about an industry that has generated hundred of millions of dollars and yet malaysia has prosecuted three individuals and the u.s. government has decided to reward the government for that. >> matthew good to talk with you. thank you for talking with us. matthew smith from fortify rights. >> respond to go houthi shelling in yemen close to the saudi border. it is during the cease-fire to allow aid to be sent in. saudi arabia they'd said that it would respond to any action by the houthies but said this response does not violate the five-days cease-fire. blaming all parties in the conflict for the devastation
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there, demanding better access for humanitarian aid and more funding to help rebuild the country. he tweeted that the damage to critical infrastructure in the whole country including hospitals, schools air and sea ports mosques and residences is unacceptable and goes against all of the responsibility they must adhere to under international humanitarian law. >> on the program burundi takes part of a new government despite the earlier threaten to go boycott the first session since the election. where are all the tigers bangladesh discovers it has far fewer than it thought. and boston's olympic dream is looking less like a reality. the details a little later in the sport.
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>> u.s. president abraham has praise recent advances by somalia africa union troops against al-shabab. but he said attacks like the one on the hotel in somalia on sunday were weather nine people were killed are a reminder that the fight isn't over. obama was speaking along side ethiopia's prime minister on a the first day of his visit to the east african nation. the president will be the first sitting president to address the african union. >> our security cooperation is superb pushing back against violent extremism. ethiopia faces serious threats and it's contributions have reduced areas under al-shabab control, but the prime minister noted yesterday's bombing in mogadishu reminds us that terrorist groups like al-shabab offer death and destruction and has to be stop.
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this week the ethiopian troops helped to are take two al-shabab strongholds. we now have to keep the pressuren. >> the ethiopian prime minister has defended his country's commitment to democracy. >> we have issued a number of which is we can support the process. my government has expressed its commitment to deepen the process already under way in the country and work towards respect of human rights and improving governance. >> more now from al jazeera. >> the u.s. president has praised african union peacekeeping mission in somalia. and retaking key territory from al-shabab militias.
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the losing of this territory however, does not mean that al-shabab is entirely--as shown on sunday when it attacked a hotel in mogadishu the capital. the group still has capability to attack deep within government-held territory. this is one of the reasons why the president has called for more pressure to be kept onalal on al-shabab. the president is in monday afternoon meetings with delegates from the south sudan peace forces. these are negotiators from both sides of the conflict as well as mediators from the group. the president is hoping to add more impetus to the talks and also add to the groups to come to a quick agreement. diplomats say that this "f" they do not agree--if they do not agree by the 17th of august there are sanctions on the it
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table. there are travel sanctions diplomats are saying that they do not expect a quick break through. >> burundi's main opposition party has turned up in parliament despite earlier to boycott the session. it's leader has called for a fresh vote and has denounced the president's third term win. we have reports now from burundi's capital bujumbura. >> arriving at the national assembly, it's still early but he said he may be willing to work with his rival after his recent and controversial re-election to a third term in power. he said that he's not betraying his supporters. >> for those who feel that you're letting them down, selling them out by agreeing to this?
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>> no, i'm not letting down anybody. and perhaps this is a judgment to which comes from just emotional feelings. let them take some timering they will come to a conclusion that they're not betrayed. >> east african leaders are trying to persuade president pierre nkurunziza to former form a national government unity. the police found a body if a shallow grave on monday. they suspect he may have been an opposition member killed earlier this month. government ministers say that calm has been restoreed. >> the situation in the country is normal. this there is peace and security but unfortunately there are people who are criminals who will try to destabilize things. but there is peace and calm just
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like in other countries. >> no date has been set for president pierre nkurunziza to be sworn in for his controversial third term despite the constitution says he can only rule for two. now he needs to heal a deeply divided people. >> in pakistan 51 people have died. the worst hit area is chitral in the northeast of the country where many people are stranded. caroline malone reports. >> villages are deserted at some of the flood-hit parts of chitral. in other parts of the district people are trying to dig themselves out of the republic. interest have been days of heavy rain causing rivers to rise to dangerously high levels. bridges have been washed away as have flimsy buildings and cattle. people are desperate.
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>> i have lost everything. but there is no help from the government. if treating us like cattle and if there is no support in the coming days then there is no way for me except to commit suicide. >> military helicopters have delivered aid to some people stranded by the floods. bottled water has become more valuable because drinking water is running out. >> we're in dire need of food and water after we lost everything in the flood. >> many are desperate to get out of the worst-hit areas. some have made it on to military helicopters sent by the government. more rain is expected and everyone is trying to do what they can to prepare for any more flash floods. caroline malone, al jazeera. >> the president of the philippines has delivered his final state of the nation address. it's president aquino's sixth and last before his term ends next june. you urged the election of a new
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leader who will bring reforms end corruption. protesters accuse aquino of a failed presidency of not combating corruption and poverty. at least six people were injured. earlier we spoke with an associate professor for public policy at the national university of singapore. he said that president aquino's presidentcy. >> he is the only president who has charged the former president president, the chief justice of the supreme court the i think in my score card i would give him an a-plus for fighting corruption. but over all i would give him a b plus because he has not delivered on some of his promises. but b-plus is a very good grade.
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for a professor b-plus is a very good score. i would give him a d-plus in his economic reforms. the philippines received a lot of credit rating. the economy is doing very well. the growth is at an all-time high. business confidence is at an all-time high. he passed a tax laws and shipping reform. but i did not give him a-plus because he failed on some of the promises he kept. he has not passed the freedom of information act and over all i would give him a b-plus. >> still to come on the program a potentially harmful mix. why sri lanka has banned a widely used herbicide. plus analysis of the "world health organization" coming up.
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>> cleaning up after another bloody night in el salvador. we're at an morgue where durings say they have receive an endless stream of bodies. we'll tell you why 700 people were killed last month alone. >> and making a dramatic entrance on world stage. why male swimmers are able to make a slash in the sport around 20 minutes time.
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>> it's good to have you with us. our top stories. turkish police have detained dozens of isil and pkk suspects. the turkish government is calling for an emergency meeting to discuss threats to its national security. secretary of state john kerry discusses it's human traffic report in malaysia, cuba and malaysia has been taken off its
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track list. in india seven people and three gunmen were killed. in el salvador 700 people were murdered last month alone. just a warning that you may find some of the images in the report distressing. >> a steady stream of boyd. last month alone someone was murdered every hour in this poor country. bullets lodged in the chest. sometimes the head. people shoot to kill in he el salvador. >> they catalog the dead. some have no name. it's been another busy night at this morgue in san salvador.
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doctors say that these two men arrived during the middle of the night both killed in shootings. 90% of the bodies they receive die that way bearing all the marks of gang violence another mother at the scene of her son's murder. she and others turn to prayer. there is no government counseling or support. >> god is called on often here in the country named the savior. his father tells us it must have been god's will. what else could it be? a message board with photos of those feared dead. many end up here hoping for news of their loved one. maria ramirez's husband never came home from work. she stops herself from talking about him in the past tense.
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>> they're taken to a room. finally someone will hear their story. there a doctor asks when they saw last her husband. the missing are rarely found. many are hid no one clandestine graves. if they are discovered, often it's only remains. this month they say that killings are on track to go down amidst the desperation he is also searching for meaning. >> speculation perhaps and answers in elsa have a door are hard to find. but with so many missing and dead those left behind have no
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choice but to keep looking. adam raney al jazeera, he will sal have a door. >> the next report on weedkiller glyphosate sold under the name "round up." world researchers say that it is linked to cancer but and in sri lanka it is banned. >> waiting for good news they're hoping that the medical report will bring some relief. one of 69,000 people who have been diagnosed with chronic kidney disease a condition mostly diagnosed in male farm necessary sri lanka. >> the body feels weak. they say there is no cure but i have to keep taking medicine. >> the husband like this group of farmers we spoke to blames
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glyphosate a powerful chemical to kill weeds. it was made by monsanto under the brand name round up more than 30 years after it's monopoly ply ended other companies began to make glyphosate that is now used in 160 countries. >> it's like emptying the weedkiller in areas. >> the government banned glyphosate in may this year making sri lanka only the second country in the world to do so. the weedkiller made popular by monsanto is still available on the black market. we bought this can quite easily. despite it's wide use researchers say it's not only killing weeds will you humans as well. they believe there is a link between glyphosate and kidney
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failures in this region. >> once you use glyphosate in places where there is a possibility of complex. that complex but i think monsanto monsanto knew this. >> al jazeera contacted monsanto regarding the country's ban on glyphosate. the company reclined an interview but released a statement todaying: different views on what is causing the disease people here just want to make sure that the products they're using on their farms are safe.
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>> i spoke with the toxicologist and lead author of the "world health organization" study that suggested that glyphosate could cause cancer. she said that the report is based on critical scientific blessed some of the studies that we examined were of workers these would be farmers agriculture workers. those were most of the studies. >> our study is final. it has--it is about to be published online on our website. any action by monsanto is not going to change our study. it has been conclude: we do have an open process and monsanto was able to attend the
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eight-day meeting in lyon. they were able to participate in that as observers to our process. they have had a roll in our process, and to see our report be finalized. >> now share prices on shanghai shanghai's stock markets has suffered it's one-day fall in eight years. despite efforts to prop up the market it dropped by 8%. hong kong's benchmark down 3%. let's get to some expert analysis now who is the director of think tank research. she joins us live from london. thanks for being with us. 8% is quite a dive. what accounts for that? >> well, the fact is that the stock market rose by 135% last year. so it was bound to fall and come back to reality at some point. but the question is whether or not this is a reflection of what is happening in the real economy. i'm not sure that it is.
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i think this is purely speculative stuff speculation based on borrowed money. and it seems that the chinese government is increasing the borrowing for this speculation in hopes of dampening the markets, but i fear that it might be making it worse. >> there was no one specific trigger even though we had gloomy economic news from china? >> sure. i think that the rate of growth in china i know that the rate of growth in china is falling. it's still very high at 6.8% of gdp, much higher than it is in the west. but it is falling and china's role very helpful role played after the financial crisis when she stepped in, if you like, and applied policies stimulated her economy, stimulated investment, and so helped the world to recover and especially economies
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close to china like australia and so on, i think that is coming to an end. but it doesn't--it really isn't reflected in the stock market, which is purely speculative it seems to me. it is small retailer investors borrowing against margins to gamble and it's gambling gone wrong, and it has to-- >> you talk about-- >> it has to take some responsibility. >> you take about people borrowing money to gamble on the stock markets. at best or worse it's nothing more than glorified casinos. it's the small investor who are getting their finger burnts isn't it? >> that's right. the point is that they're not a very big part of this huge economy, nevertheless, they are important, and i'm sure the government is worried about peek making big losses in as this market comes down, as it must
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do. it last year and it has to return to some stability, and a lot of people will get their fingers burned. this might an new experience for them. having said that quite a few of them will be quite wealthy. and will probably not feel the pain as much as very small investor will. >> if you can briefly and give us an idea of how the chinese economy, the wider economy is doing. you say the stock market bears no relation to the wider chinese economy. the economy has slowed in china hasn't it, of late? >> it has slowed. and it couldn't have gone on the way it was, and iten could no go on. that's why it does matter that china is slowing down because the impact will come back to in particular the united states. there was an industry of 110%
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from revenues in china last year. if china slows down that will hurt apple, and i think it may do so. what china is trying to do is rebalance the economy and stem late domestic con supplies and to widen the range of consumers in china. that's a good objective. but that does mean also that the rate of investment will slow down and fall, and that will lower expectations for growth. >> and really good to talk with you. well china has a list of ban on video game consoles. they were originally not allowed because it was thought children would waste too many time playing them. but that decision has been reversed to help promote the industry at a new manufacturing zone in shanghai. any console created in shanghai will be approved for sale in the rest of china. inspired by nature this
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little guy is helping to usher in a new era of soft robotics. we'll explain. irritating irrigation. sprinklers halt a football match, and not for the first time either. jo will be here to tell us more about the sport.
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>> this is what's left of the hospital >> is a crime that's under reported... >> what do you think... >> we're making history right now... >> al jazeera america >> investigating a dark side of the law >> they don't have the money to puchace their freedom... j. >> time now for sport. >> boston's dreams of hosting the 2024 olympics is fading fast. the mayor said he would not back
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the games. the massachusetts governor is looking for assurances that boston backs the bid. public support was 40%. for now the international olympic committee are staying out of the controversy. >> this is about an american beefbid and it's offer to choose the city which this american candidate represents. >> well, the canadian city of toronto has given its strongest hit that it will bid for the 2024 games. toronto's successfully host the pan-american games which came to a close on sunday. 1million tickets were sold for the multi sport event and it seems that the olympic committee does not want the party to end there. he said that he'll do everything in his power to make toronto a
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candidate city. former fifa executive jack warner is fighting extradition to the united states on corruption charges. the former president of concacaf football's governing body in north and central america, faced court in trinidad and tobago,s he and his lawyers say that they have publicly pursued extradition and effected his chances of a fair hearing. warner is one of 14 fifa officials wanted by the u.s. for charges rangeing from bribery to racketeering. he denies the allegations. concacaf is struggling to shake over the fifa candle even after the final in its most important tournaments. >> this was supposed to be concacaf's time to shine on the international stage. the final tarnished with its governing body caught up in controversy accused of bribery
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and corruption. despite the focus being off the pitch the game would go on. the decider between mexico and jamaica. captain got mexico in front in the 30th minute with this brilliant volley. making a 2-0 mexico, with the start of the second half. this late third goal put the results beyond doubt. while darren maddox for jamaica he would end 3-1 mexico, their seventh gold cup title. putting celebrations aside this victory would never be as sweet as before.
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al jazeera. >> algeria's football association said that professional teams can no longer buy foreign players part of a new rule to control club finances in what they say are tough economic times. the algerian fa said that it's difficult for clubs to get foreign currency to play players' wages. they say the rule is to stop unscrupulous agents. . a troubled few weeks behind him, the tennis player has successfully defended his title at the colombian open. they saw the world number 25 kicked out of the davis cup team. he was arrested in miami ten days ago after. the victory puts him on the verge of being the first australian to crack the top 20
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in men's tennis in five years. golfer jason day coming off fourth place tie at the open championship day birdied his final three holes to take the lead at 7 under par. watson had an opportunity to force the playoff but hit his shot left of the hole. the australian's fourth pga win. australian surfer mick fanning is in the water just a week after suffering a shark attack. at the described his escape from the shark attack as a miracle. he said after the attack he was no rush to get back on his board, but it seems that the lure of the water off australia's gold coast was just too strong. in the last few years we've seen gender barriers fall across several sports for example women
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can now compete in boxing and ski jumping in olympics. now it seems that male swimmers have achieved equality in the pool. men have been competed in synchronized swimming for the first time at world levels. the winners were casina jones and bill may of the united states. the pair are full time cirque du soleil performers with may retiring because of lack international competitions available. >> the la galaxy were playing the dynamo in houston when the soaking started. ground crews scrambled to fix the problem as sprinkler heads popping up all over the pitch. the same thing happened at a match in kansas city.
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that was because of a grounds worker accidently triggering the watering from an app on his phone. >> he just fix it is by stamping on it. >> typical male attitude. >> you're right. jo many many conservation groups are after those who butcher lions. this lion was lured out of the park and then killed. police are continue to go investigate the incident and are searching for the offender. what's wrong with the world eh? wildlife experts in bangladesh are worried about how few tigers they're managing to find. there are 100 tigers living in the world's largest forest in
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one of the last remaining ecosystems for the world's biggest big cats. the previous population estimate was 440 tigers. well zoology professor at bangladesh's university. we're joined now live from the capital of dhk dhaka. where have all the tigers gone? >> well, the latest estimate reveals there are 106 tigers. but the latest estimate back in 2004, it's based on tiger footprints which scientists think is not based on scientific method. that's why we don't rely on the previous estimate according to which there used to be 440 tigers but definitely the trend of population is going down. >> so, you think that the 400
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tigers was wrong but do you have any idea how fast they are declining in number? >> well, they fear it is quite fast because it is not fully effected. there are tiger laws due to poaching and also the decline of animals, the spotted deer that's why the tiger number is going down. >> so what needs to be done? what can the government do to insure the survival of the tiger? >> well, there are very few fourest outposts, and very few
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people guarding the area. so i suggest that they should increase their strength in outposts so that they can fight with the poachers. >> okay, good to talk to you. many thanks indeed. let's hope that something can be done to stop their decline. monirul khan, zoological profession in bangladesh. >> the survival of robots is going back to nature to create more friendly robots. we're seeing the softer side of
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hardware. >> industrial robots like these are strong and powerful tools. they're also dangerous and a little menacing cold, hard arms programmed to do the same repetitive task oblivious to those around them. but now researchers are developing what is known as soft robots. >> so a soft robot is inherently safe because a soft robot when it comes in to you it will be soft it will bounce off you. what we would like is to be able to make systems that humans can collaborate with, people can work together with a robot and you don't have to have the fear that the robot is going to crush somebody if the robot is soft. >> and it's the national world that has been the source of many ideas behind the teams' new designs. these researchers took inspiration from the octopus, an animal that does not have a hard skeleton but is still able to become stiff and rigid. they mimics its muscles in the way that it does this using
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silicon small granules in pressurized air to produce an arm they believe could make robotic surgery considerably safer. >> if you have a rigid robot you can damage tissue and harm and patient. but now exploring the idea of soft robots could make an enormous difference. now we have a robot that is effectively not capable of injuring the patient, even though we have close contact between the robot and the patient. >> they're also looking at the who is of goats. looking at how agricultural robotting can be made more roslind jordan bowl. >> most ross boughts just have wheels that are not suitable on land. because we have farms and fields where there are obstacles like
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rocks and trunks. so they are not going to be able to work in that kind of area. >> other members of the team are looking at human arm muscles to better understand how they work with tendons to control limbs. others are using a robotic finger to mimic the way doctors feel nor lumps beneath the skin, a level of sensitivity not normally associated with machines. these innovations and techniques are still years from being rolled out but the team believes that they'll form the basis of a new generation of softer and more friendly robots. al jazeera london. >> there's much more real news at our website at that's it from the team in doha. for a few hours david foster and the london crew standing by to update you in the next couple of minutes. thank you for watching. i'll see you again. bye for now.
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>> turkey targeting u.s.-backed kurdish forces in syria as it continues its attacks against isil and the pkk. >> good to have you along. i'm david foster. live from london, in the next 30 minutes ethiopia's prime minister defends its country's democratic record against criticism from president obama. seven people are shot to death in india after an attack at a police station at the pakistan border. >> in