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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 28, 2015 12:00am-12:31am EDT

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the u.s. and turkey agreed to create an i.s.i.l.-free zone in syria, but there are complications. welcome, i'm darren jordon in doha with the world news. fighting continues in yemen, both sides blame each other for breaking a fragile ceasefire. >> south korea says it's free of m.e.r.s. the virus killing more than 30 people. the u.s. threat ebbs sanctions against south sudan if the warring party don't reach a
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peace deal the united states and turkey agreed to create a buffer zone in syria to fight i.s.i.l. tuckey has been bombing -- turkey has been bombing i.s.i.l. targets inside syria. from washington patty culhane reports. >> reporter: as turkey turns its bomb on islamic state of iraq and levant, it's talking with the u.s. about creating an i.s.i.l.-free zone covering a 110km stretch. once established it will be a safe place for the refugees in turkey. the obama administration said it would not create a no fly zone. experts say it's unlikely there'll be enough u.s. trained syrian opposition to do it on their own. >> the opposition to bashar al-assad's regime does not have
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the military capacity tore someone more extreme that the terrorists would not want in that zone. and the united states are too far away and another providing that military presence. it comes down to the turkish military guaranteeing that a zone is free of i.s.i.s. >> turkey started to bomb the p.k.k. in iraq coming days after the u.s. announced it could use their base. leaving some to question if the two events are connected. >> i understand the coincidence of all of this. it is just that. the attacks against the p.k.k. were in retaliation for attacks made on the turks. - that they endured. >> the pentagon said they could have an agreement in the next few weeks. for now, saying they want to create a safe zone, not who would do the fighting to create one. >> apart from the p.k.k. there's
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a kurdish group in syria known as the people's protection units or the y.p.g. they recaptured territory from i.s.i.l. they are accused of attacking the group. the united states has every right to defend itself. >> i know there's information about whether the p.k.k. was inside syria. largely they are members of the y.p.g. right. and they attacked. they rendered against p.k.k. not the y.p.g. >> but does that mean you are telling the turks. now we have a complication inside syria. who is shooting at whom. at this point? this recent claim of attack you are talking about... >> that the turks fired on y.p.g. >> the turks said they'd investigate that and reiterated and clarified that their purpose against i.s.i.l. their purpose
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inside syria and say gains i.s.i.l., not the y.p.g. >> the y.p.g. is seen as a fighting force against i.s.i.l. and the syrian government. it's expanded its presence along the border making turkey nervous. osama bin zeid reports from southern turkey. >> turkey says it has no plans to send troops across the border into syria as part of a war against islamic state of iraq and levant. it's cooperating with ground forces inside syria. those troops are not syria's kurds, who the coalition has been relying on, but opposition groups fighting i.s.i.l. and the syrian government. turkey's prime minister says the u.s. which leads the coalition against i.s.i.l. agreed that those opposition groups should be protected. >> the agreement reached covered concerns and expectations up to a certain level. i cannot go into detail. an important point was the air
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cover for the free syrian army and other rebels fighting against d.a.e.s.h. there's no confirmation from washington, but there is an open secret that turkey is unhappy with the alliance between the coalition and the y.p.g. force. with the help of air strikes, the kurds expanded their efforts. >> turkey is worried about this for many reasons. it doesn't want the kurds to create a state and inflame sentiments among the kurdish population, and considers the y.p.g. an offshoot of the kurdistan workers party. and it doesn't want the kurds to be the only force on the ground to be partners with the coalition. turkey spelt out the conditions the y.p.g. need to meet before it can be part of what the prime minister called the new syria. it will need to cut links with the syrian government. so far the kurds refused to join
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forces with the main rebel movements, particularly those backed by turkey. that is not all. the y perform g is a -- y.p.g. is accusing turkey of attacking groups across the border. it's accused turkey of declaring war on i.s.i.l. as a cover up to launch war on the kurds in turkey and syria. >> they are trying to use the coalition against d.a.e.s.h. to target the political parties. and this is something - is unacceptable. we have to differentiate between the terrorists and the political movement and demand for humanitarian rights. >> turkey decided to militarily engage i.s.i.l. the decision to target the p.k.k. is causing controversy. turkey is an active player on
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the battlefield where another frontline is emerging. syrian military air strikes struck parts of the damascus countryside in the east. six were killed in eastern huta. the syrian government has had the area sieged for more than 2.5 years. in yemen the saudi-led coalition and houthi fighters accused each other of breaching a ceasefire. people are not optimistic about what the 5-day truce will achieve. >> the markets in aden came to life. the saudi-led coalition unilateral truce is barely holding. on the outskirts, pro-government fighters say houthis and loyalists fight. a saudi air force targeted the
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province. the houthis have not committed to the region and see it is has a ploy. checkpoints have been established to monitor all movement. the calm in the fighting means much-needed aid is arriving. getting aid to aden is the first step in reaching millions of impoverished people. 80% of yemenis are in need of assistance. there's 9 million needing medical help. the immunization of children stopped, presenting a threat to the future. the mood in the houthi-held capital is grim. many want to war to be over. >> we are entering the fifth month of war and destruction. yemen does not deserve this the children do not deserve this. in the end the warring sides will sit and negotiate. it's impossible to resolve this except through dialogue.
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it's better to do it now. >> in areas where houthi rebels are trying to take control, there's no pause in the fighting. there has been reports are of shelling and houthis are sending reinforce nts. houthis say they fired missiles and the saudis say they responded. people do not have much faith in the pause. >> we hope that it will stop. it is something strange, as we see here as you listen from people. we do not conservatives the troops. attacked houthis is the key. >> translation: truce, what truce. we didn't hear anything about it. we heard there was a truce for electricity and water. we want things to improve. >> there's a constant reminder
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of the fighting. people know it's not over yet. chinese stocks plunged a day after a fall in eight years. the index lost more than 8% on monday. poor economic data prompting fears over the health of the economy. south korea says an outbreak has ended. a quarantine on the last person suspected of having m.e.r.s. has been released. faust receiver has the latest from seoul. >> reporter: the impact of the m.e.r.s. outbreak has been pretty substantial here in south korea. most seriously on those caught up in it. 16,000 quarantined. 186 cases.
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36 resulting in death. there has been an impact as well the prime minister apologising for the failure to get to crips. the president's approval ratings hit hard. they are moving up. >> there has been a significant economic impact. 40% down in terms of tourist numbers in the month of june as well as the growth figures down to a 2-year low. 2.2% growth in the recent quarter. part of that due to falling exports. there has been an m.e.r.s. impact and the government announced a $10 million budget to repair some. damage. and announced a review into how the outbreak was treated, learning from it. and stepping the future
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outbreaks and stepping the control of did he says. >> it highlighted some intrinsic problems in terms of medical treatment. reliance on the family to help with the treatment and skis. that's ln outbreak there, two people suspected with muos health professionals saying the accident shut down partly because they don't want it repeated in the u.k. or what happened here. >> time for a break, when we come back why the biggest trade deal could be too high a price to pay. and robots that are cost but powerful. stay with us.
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welcome back a reminder of the top storeys from al jazeera. the united states and turkey agreed to create a buffer zone in syria to combat i.s.i.l. turkey has been bombing i.s.i.l. targets since friday. the latest raids taking place north of aleppo. in yemen, the saudi-led coalition and rebels accuse each other of breaking a ceasefire. raid is getting through. >> on outbreak of middle eastern respiratory syndrome has ended, says south korea, 30 people are died since the disease was de tected in may. >> the u.s. president warned of sanctions agates the warring
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factions if they don't reach a deal next month. president obama and leaders have discussed the possibility of a regional intervention force. >> reporter: later on monday president obama joined the leaders of the kenya, uganda and ethiopia in discussing the crisis in south sudan. they urged parties to come to an graeme. >> positions include options on intransigent people and intervention force. it's the first visit by a sitting u.s. president to ethiopia. one aimed at strengthening relations a century ago. >> fostering ties dominated the caution with the prime minister. addressing journalists, president obama prayed ethiopia as an outstanding partner in the fight against terrorism. >> security is pushing back
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against violent extremism. ethiopia is facing threats. they have reduced areas understand al-shabab, but the prime minister noted the bombing in federica mogherini reminds us that terror groups like al-shabab offer nothing but death and destruction, and have to be stopped. >> reporter: he called on them to improve their record on human rights and good governance. some groups criticized the visit, warning that the trip to condemn credibility to the government. the quality of protecting journalists, it's only neighbouring eritrea that deals more. before barack obama arrived a number of journalists and bloggers were releases. many are in custody. >> the ethiopian leader defended a commitment to democratic rights. >> we have reiterated the commitment to democracy is real,
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not skin deep. we have noted that we need to step up efforts to strengthen our institutions and build our capacity in various areas. we believe that the support in this regard as age-old democracy contributes to ensuring that the system is robust. we agreed to continue our engagement despite minor differences here and there with regard mainly to the speed with which our democratic process is moving. ethiopia figures have reacted to the visit. >> the problem is he never walked his talk. you don't walk your talk. from the last six years. if you don't walk, you talk. always saying something in the dining or the windingle people
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don't believe i. you. ministers from a dozen pacific ring countries meet in hawaii to discuss an ambitious free trade agreement. the ttp aims to remove tariffs, but the refusal to accepted imports is a sticking point. daniel lack reports. >> canadian governments like to say it's a trading nation. international trade it crucial to the economy. that's why canada is taking part in the t.p.p. a stumbling block in the country is the agricultural sector. not every spect. but dairy, eggs and poultry farming. it keeps the market effective. don't allow exports and keeps the prices stable. it's worth billions. america would like canada to dismantle part of that.
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that is the huge problem in the negotiations. i think likely what will happen we hope what will happen is the government will decide to push back draw this out. it could be that they don't want to. and the united states as an interest. >> the negotiations are in a crucial stage and trade ministers this week in hawaii are expected to really put pressure on canada to start doing something about the supply management. that is what they call the system holding this up. there are many other objections especially on the left of the political spectrums. they are foresquare in favour of the t.p.p. going ahead. they say there's no way the country can continue to be prosperous. >> it will be the largest degree
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history, this will be an important agreement. if canada not part of it canada will lose significant economic g.d.p. and employment. the conservative government says it is profree crayed and wants the grapes but nose it's risky to do anything to the supply managemencm for eggs poultry and dairy. that's why the talks will be tricky. it may have to wait until after the election in act. >> jane kelcey is a professor at the university of auckland in new zealand, and says the u.s. wants to use the tp perform to counter china's reason. >> the u.s. sees it as a way to position itself and what is seen as a battle of influence in the
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asia pacific region. there's a shroud of secrecy around what the tradeoffs will be. the negotiating parties, at the beginning of the negotiations agreed that all of the documents, including emails and other communications would be secret until the final deal is made. and that all the background documents would remain secret for four years behind the agreement coming into force. what we have seen is a number of leaks, and they confirmed a great deal of concern around the intellectual property area including medicines and the internet and koist. areas of foreign investment rules and areas involving processes. the compromises that are made are going to cause havoc in a lot of countries, that's why there's a backlash occurring in many countries, right up until
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now. >> in chillie. four ex-soldiers have been questioned. the cas i cas was reopened. six former military officers were charged with his murder. accused of dawesing him with petrol setting him on fire. when philippine's president took office he promised to reduce poverty. five years on his state of the nation address wag overshadowed by protests. >> reporter: violence outside the philippine congress hours before the president's nation address. a number of people gathered across the country. and unrest that has not been seen in recent yeras. >> this was point to be a people rally. hundreds of protesters managed
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to break the police barrier. this is the president's last year in office the message that protesters are sending is clear. >> what happens, what is corruption is our sovereignty. human rights persisted and all around government neglect. >> for young people faced with agonising decisions over the future the government is a disappointment. in a speech to congress the president highlighted government achievements the economy grew. direct investment more than doubled. much of the economic reform centered on corruption. protected to hold back the economy. >> this is a referendum. you decide if the improvement we are enjoying will be permanent or considered luck and a momentary recovery from a list
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of failures. >> the philippine government's negotiations with a powerful group, the mora islamic front may bring an end to incertainlying si in the south that lasted for decades. government statistics showed that poverty levels rose to 25%, with no marked improvement in the delivery of social services. more than half philippines died without having access to medical care. >> he did not address the fundamental issues of land for the formers. and the problem of wage and job security in public and private sectors. public hospitals and other social services are privatized corruption is rampant. >> election season begun, and the race to replace aquino is under way. these are divisive times. whether he's seen as a president
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serving people well many say only history will be the judge the growing p.m. alexis tsipras is urging his party to unite over bailout measures. there are reports to some members want to raid the central bank reserves and want to access taxpayer accounts to prepare a return to the drachma. a quarter of the port's m.p.s rebels over bailout plans that parliament approved. to a key suspect in the killing of former russian spy has refused to give evidence at an inquest. he is one of two men believed to have added radio active polonium. he had agreed to give evidence but said he couldn't obtain permission from russia. >> forest fires in spain forced hundreds of people from their
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home. 1200 hectares have been destroyed. the blaze has not been contained the future of technology appears to high in going back to nature. they are using the natural world as inspiration, to create more friendly robots. we go to london seeing the softer side. >> reporter: industrial robots like these are strong and powerful tools and dangerous and a little menacing. cold arms largely ob-liious to those around them. a group of people are developing what known as a soft robot. >> it is safe. a soft robot, when it dumps into you will be soft. and will bounce off of you. what we'd like is make systems
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that human cans collaborate with work together with a robot, and you don't have to have the fear that it will crush someone when soft. >> it's the natural world sourced by many of the ideas new designs. >> the researchers took inspiration from the october pus. an animal that doesn't have a hard skeleton. they mimicked its muscles in the way it does this, using silicon, small granules and air to produce an amp that they believe can make robotic surgery safer. >> you can demon, moving away leaving -- demonstrate. moving away from it. it will make a difference. suddenly we have a robot that is effectively not capable of injuring the patient. even though we have a close contact between the robot in the
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patient. >> they are looking at the whos of goats. this person got a scholar-to look at how robots could be made more mobile. >> most are not applicable for the land. we have farms and we have obstacles. they are not going to be able work this that kind of area. >> other members of the team are looking at human arm muscles to understand how they work with tendons to control lungs. others use a finger to mimic the way doctors feel for lump a level of sensitivity not normally associated where machines. the innovations and techniques are years from being rolled out. the team believes they'll form
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the basis of a new generation of softer robots. and a quick reminder. you can keep up to date with all the news on the website. is the address.