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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 28, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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>> a new tactic in the fight against isil, the u.s. and turkey agree on a buffer zone inside syria. hello and welcome to al jazeera. also to come, each side blames the other for continued fighting in yemen two days into a supposed cease fire. obama's ground breaking trip to east africa, the war infractions in south sudan are now in his sights. we take you to new york where
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literature lovers gather for a poetry festival with a difference. but first the united states and turkey have agreed on a plan to create a buffer zone to fight isil within syrian territory. this has been a long held demand. this is the area isil controls. and this is where the proposed buffer zone would operate. from washington, we have more. >> reporter: as turkey turns its bombs on iraq, it's talking about creating what the white house calls an isil-free zone. once established they stay will be a safe place for the millions of refugees in turkey. but the obama administration says it will not create a no fly
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zone. sources say they haven't agreed on who will do the fighting on the ground which may be needed to win. experts say it's unlikely there is enough trained syrian opposition to do it on their own. >> the op isation to assad regime doesn't have the military capacity. and the united states, european allies other arab countries are too far away and not going to be providing that military presence. it will come down to the turkish military guaranteeing that a zone would be free of isis. >> but turkey started the pkk in iraq. that comes after they announced the u.s. could use their area. >> i understand the coincidence. the attacks against the pkk were in retaliations for attacks
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they the turks endured. >> reporter: the pentagon says they can have an agreement in the next few weeks. for now saying they want to create a safe zone, but who will do the fighting to find one. apart from the pkk, there is kurdish group in syria the ypg. the ypg successfully recaptured territory from isil. and that's what's making turkey particularly nervous. >> reporter: turkey says it has no plans to send troops across the border into syria. instead, it says it is cooperating with ground forces already inside syria. those troops are not syria's kurds who the coalition has been relying on, but opposition groups fighting isil and the
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syrian government. turkey's prime minister says the u.s., which leads the coalition against isil, has agreed those opposition groups should be protected. >> the agreement we reach covers our concerns and expectations up to a certain level. i can't go into details. but, for example an important point was the free syrian army and other rebels fighting against dash. >> reporter: it is an open secret that turkey is unhappy with the alliance between the coalition and kurdish ypg force. with the help of coalition air strikes, the kurds have expanded their presence with turkey. turkey is worried about this for many reasons. it doesn't want the kurds to create a state and inflame separatist sentiments. it also considers the ypg an offshoot of the pkk the kurdistan worker's party which it declared war on. and more importantly it doesn't want the kurds to be the only
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force on the ground to be partners with the coalition. turkey has spelled out the conditions the ypg needs to meet before it can be part of what the prime minister called the new syria. it will need to cut its lings with the syrian government and cooperation with opposition groups. so far the kurds refused to join forces with the main rebel movements, particularly those backed by turkey. that's not all. the ypg is now accusing turkey of repeatedly attacking their units across the border, an allegation turkey denies. the syrian kurds accuse turkey of declaring war on isil as a coverup to launch war against the kurds in turkey and syria. >> they are trying to use the coalition against dash to target the political parties. and this is something unacceptable. we have to differentiate between the terrorist and the political
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movements that demand for humanitarian arrives for some earth any cal groups. >> reporter: turkey decided to engage isil. but its decision to target the pkk is causing the most controversy. another front line seems to be emerging. turkey has called for a meeting of nato to discuss the problem of isil. that's due to happen within the coming hours. we'll bring you the latest on that meeting taking place in brussels here at al jazeera. there have been confrontations between israel lizly an israeli force. they went to court to block
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construction in the compound. a court in tripoli is due to deliver its verdict later today in the trial of the former leader gahdafi's son. he faces charges from war crimes to corruption. dozens of other officials are facing charges. he's being held since his capture in 2011 by former rebels who are loyally to the legally installed government in tripoli. president obama is wrapping up a tour of east africa with a speech at the african union. he's the first u.s. lead tore visit the head quarters of the african block. >> reporter: late on monday president obama joined the leaders in discussing the crisis in south sudan.
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they urged to come to a quick agreement. options discuss the include sanctions and regional intervention force if the warring parties do not agree by august 17. it's the fourth visit by a sitting u.s. not ethiopia. one aimed at strengthening relations. economic and security ties with the ethiopian prime minister. president obama praised ethiopia as a partner in fight against terrorism. >> ethiopia faces serious threats and its contribution to the african union mission have reduced areas unal-shabaab control. but as the prime minister reminded us, terrorist groups offer nothing but death and destruction and have to be
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stopped. >> reporter: hesome rights groups have criticized his trip. accused of jailing journalists and critics. it's only neighbors that jails more journalists. a number of journalists some of them held on charges of terrorism. many others remain in custody. the ethiopian leader defended his country's commitment to human rights. >> our commitment to democracy is real, not skin deep. we have both noted we need to step up efforts to strengthen our institutions and view our capacity in various areas. we believe the u.s. support in this regard as age old
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democracy, will contribute to assuring that our system becomes robust. we have agreed to continue our engagement despite minor differences here and there with regard mainly to the speed with which the democratization process is moving. >> reporter: ethiopian opposition figures have been reacting. >> he never walked his talk. he never walked his talk for the last six years. if you don't walk your talk, then empty promises. say something in the dining, the wining. people don't believe you. so today president obama's attention returns to security in africa particularly when they are going to look at the situation with south sudan. the fighting broke out there in december 2013 and that's when the president accused his former
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deputy of trying to stage a coup. tens of thousands of people have been killed and almost 2 million have been forced out of their homes. after 17 months of conflict and series of cease fires government forces began their latest offensive in april. last week human rights accused soldiers of killings, rapes and attacks on civilians during that military operation. the situation looks pretty grim in south sudan. let's talk to ahmed in east south africa. it's a pretty bold intervention coming from president obama to set a deadline, august 17 for the warring parties in south sudan. >> yes, thank you for having me. i think what we are seeing right now with president obama and the american administration is trying to have a reinvigorated approach into engaging with
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south sudan which many critics believe the obama white house ignored. the united states was involved in the creation of south sudan. but there hasn't been much follow through in trying to create the state. >> any significance to the date, august 17? >> trying to inflict pressure on what is political stalemate. we haven't been able to have both really consider what coalition government will be over the next few years. so i think it's trying to add pressure. i think the united states may try to inflict sanctions on individuals if the date has passed after august. but i think it's really trying to reinvigorate and start the talks which have been at a stalemate so far. >> currently the situation is that mediating efforts are being led by the regional group of the east african group of countries.
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that doesn't seem to be yielding too many positive results. >> it's quite complicated because within that, you have a lot of countries including uganda kenya ethiopia, the two factions are perceived with aligning with the governments. i think things initially were hoped that the government could mediate between two parties. but with uganda troops being involved, it was removed from being an honest broker. their alliance that either perceived or real that have sort of affected how the rebel groups has approached the government. >> now already there's been the veiled threat of further action if the two warring parties don't come together by this date of august 17. what could president obama have
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to enforce that threat? >> i think president obama is going to try to do quitely sayingses the rebels have been hindering peace accords or committing crimes against humanity. that may be a first step. but i think to set a deadline in august and to really believe that sustainable peace will be achieved is unrealistic at this stage. >> all right. thank you very much for your thoughts. >> thank you. you have already heard president obama he commended the african union force which is fighting in somalia fighting the armed group al-shabaab. he praised their efforts and said that they have been effective. inside the country itself many people are blaming these
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soldiers, these soldiers coming from this african union force for killing civilians. >> reporter: her husband was run over by military vehicles belonging to african union soldiers. it happened in the capital last year. his body was left on the streets for several hours. she is now struggling to raise their kids. >> we were married for 27 years. we had a very happy life. all our childreny were going to school. one morning they took him away from us. now our life is misery. our children didn't just lose a father but also lost their chance to finish going to school and have a happy life. >> reporter: the troops are in somalia as part of the international effort to fight al-shabaab. but people say they are too scared to walk on these roads.
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no one knows the number of road accidents. most traffic accidents go unreported. families of victims we spoke to say they feel powerless to stand up to the soldiers. this small legal fund is looking after more than 100 such cases 20 include civilian deaths. all of them from the last four years. >> translator: the local courts are powerless. if and when they rule against the soldiers, there is the problem of reinforcing the court's decision. they are above the law. >> reporter: and that's exactly what happened. he won a court case against african union soldiers after they shot at his son. the soldiers were ordered to pay compensation, but that was four years ago and he's still waiting. >> translator: they say they came to restore order. but they are killing people. they kill the man who is driving
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his car. he's no threat to them or to anyone. >> reporter: she wants the african union to apologize and pay compensation so her children can go back to school. we have more to come here alabama al jazeera including controversial and compromises while critics say the trans-pacific partnership is a free trade deal with a high price. >> reporter: agricultural town in the center of argentina where residents suffer three times the national levels of cancer. we are here to find out why.
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>> hello again. you are with al jazeera. these are our top stories. the u.s. and turkey agreed to a plan for a buffer zone inside syria to contain isil. turkey has been bombing isil targets inside syria since friday. the latest raids took place just north of the city. u.s. president barack obama is due to make a speech at the african union focusing on security in east africa. he's already threatened more sanctions on south sudan if a peace deal isn't reached. the saudi led coalition and houthi rebels are accusing each other of breaching the latest cease fire in yemen. it's now day two of what was supposed to be a five day truce. but there's been heavy fighting
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in central and southern parts of the country as well as on the border of saudi arabia. >> reporter: the markets have once again come to life. even though the saudi led coalition truce is barely holding. on the city's outskirts pro government fighters filed missiles towards the airport. a saudi air strike targeted a rocket launch pad. the houthis have not committed to the pause in the fighting. on the roads leading to aden, checkpoints have been established to monitor all movement. but the relative calm means much needed aid is arriving. it's reaching millions who are fast running out of supplies. >> translator: 80% of people are in need of assistance.
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over 9 million need medical help. the immunization of children has stopped completely. >> reporter: many just want the war to be over. >> we are entering the fifth month of war and destruction. yemen does not deserve this. the children don't deserve this. after all this destruction, they will sit down and negotiate. it's impossible to resolve this through dialogue. it's better if they just do it now. >> reporter: in areas where houthi rebels are trying to take control, there's been no pause in the fighting. there are reports of shelling and the houthis are sending reinforcements. on the border with saudi arabia, they fired missiles. even in areas where there is support for the government in exile, people don't have much faith in the pause. >> we hope this will stop. something strange but as we can
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see here, as you can listen from people we do not trust the truce. we think that attacking houthis continuously is the tea to the key to beat them. >> translator: truce? what truce? we hope there is a truce so we can get electricity an water. >> damaged infrastructure and lack of public services is a constant reminder of the fighting. people know it's not over yet. ministers from a dozen pacific rim countries are due to meet in hawai'i to talk about a free trade agreement. it's phone as the trans-pacific partnership or the tpp. it aims to remove tariffs and allow free movement of goods. but canada's refusal to accept dairy imports remain as sticking point. >> reporter: canadian governments like to say this is
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a trading nation. international trade is crucial to the economy. that's why canada is taking part in the tpp negotiations. but a big stumbling block in this country is the agriculture sector not every aspect of it, but specifically dairy eggs and poultry farming. those are protected by agreements that keep the market totally domestic, don't allow imports and keep prices stable. this is worth billions of dollars a year. but america would like canada to dismantle of that it's going to be part of the tpp. that's the huge problem. >> i think likely what will happen, we hope what will happen is the government will decide to keep pushing back, draw this out. it could be that japan doesn't want to stop protecting its rice farmers and united states has an interest in its sugar farmers. there are other countries that are looking to protect certain
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sectors. >> the negotiations are now in a crucial stage. trade ministers this week in hawai'i are expected to put pressure on canada to start doing something about its supply management. that's what they call the system holding this thing up. there are other objections expressed here in canada on the left of the political spectrum. but if you talk to the business sector, they are in favor of the tpp going ahead. there is no way the country can continue to be prosperous if it doesn't sign up. >> it will cover 40% of the global economy in terms of gdp. this is be a important agreement. if canada is not part of it, canada will lose significant economic gdp and employment. >> canada's conservative government says its pro free trade and wants this agreement. but it's politically risky to do anything to the country's supply management system for eggs,
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poultry and dairy. that's why this weeks' talks are tricky. it may have to wait until after the election in october. let's hear more from jane, a law professor at the university of auckland in new zealand. >> they are seeing this as a way to position itself and its rules and corporate interests in what is seen as a battle of influence in the asia pacific region. there is extraordinary shroud of secrecy of what the tradeoffs will be. the negotiating parties agreed that all of the documents including any e-mails and other communications will be secret until the final deal is made. and that all those background documents would remain secret for four years beyond the agreement coming into force. what we have seen is a number of links. they are confirmed a great deal
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of concern around intellectual property area including medicines, but also the internet and copyright areas ofinvestment rules and areas involving processes, for example, in the purchasing of medicines. the compromises that are being made are going to cause havoc in quite a lot of the countries. that why there's up a big backlash occurring right up to now. >> a week of mourning has been declare in india for the former president kalam who died at the age of 83. he was best known for being missile man the founder of india's nuclear missile program. an event which proves that poetry is very much alive he's one of the literature lovers in new york city.
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>> my name is stephanie. i'm executive director of the poetry society of new york. i'm one of the founders of the festival. >> once loved. >> it's basically a place where anybody who identifies as a poet in new york city can come and take part. it's a place for the entire poet immunity of new york city to come together. >> to me, lonely was beautiful. >> one of the things that my co-founder nicholas, and i decided when we formed the festival is we wouldn't be choosing all the readers. we would invite organizations from across the city to program their own readings on one of our stages so that way it's not our vision of what poetry is, it's the vision of the entire city. >> there are no words for this, but still some. a child that teach turns the
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word love around a hundred times in her head before saying love is strange. >> i think that a lot of people have this idea about poetry where it's kind of like a lonely art form. you sit alone in your bedroom at night writing and you don't hang out with your friend, you don't go out in the sunshine. so the new york city poetry festival all about having a fun beautiful day in the sun with other poets and creating could in the cases between other poets. a typewriter is a really physical activity. you have to engage your body when you are typing on a typewriter. we just find it really conducive to writing poetry because of that. the things that get typed on the typewriter are so various. i feel like it sound the way the city sound. you know, like you sort of hear the voices and the typewriter
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project hats been amazing because it captures that about new york city. you can keep right up to date with all the day's developing stories on the al jazeera website there is a lot we are following.