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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 30, 2015 3:00pm-3:31pm EDT

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the afghan taliban confirms the beth of it's leader mullah omar and nounses his successor. ♪ ♪ how old old, this is al jazerra live from london. also coming up. >> this is obviously a very significant development. >> is this the first trace of missing malaysia airlines flight mh370? migrants pray for a way out of makeshift camps in france as extra security goes up to stop them reaching britain.
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and outrage over an american tourist killing of a famous lion reaches the u.s. president's office. ♪ ♪ after years of confusion over knew lahr omar's fate the afghan taliban has confirmed its leaders is, in fact dead. but it hasn't said where or when he died. thethe taliban supreme council is instead focusing on its future. they have announced their new leader knew lahr mon soar he had been acting as the deputy for the past three years think he has been noticeable for asserting his position by standing up to bag baghdadi in charge of isil. he told him to back off from after began stan before the taliban was overthrown in two number one mansoor served in the government as minister of civil aviation, jennifer glasse reports ottoman he has replaced
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mullah or omar. he was the spur till leader of the taliban famous rereclusive only a few photographs of him exist. fbi offered millions of dollars for information on his whereabouts. that remain aids mystery in the final years of his life. communications from him came through the taliban's website usually on holidays or anniversaries. it was never clear if they were really his words. as a young man, he was a fighter battling the soviet army's occupation of afghan stirring during 1980s his confidante described how he became the self proclaimed amir of afghanistan. >> when the taliban was arraying they need to have -- arising they needed a leader and eventually the taliban chose him because he had 30 people and he had some weapons too use. the second reason he was a famous and well viewed person.
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>> reporter: his 30 fighters became thousands the taliban took over afghanistan in 199 circumstance under omar's command the taliban established security and order in a country ravaged by chaos and vie ends violence, stability came at a cost. the taliban's strict interpretation of islam meant thereharsh punishment was meeted out to the people as omar worked twowdz implementing his version of a sharia-based society. he allowed al qaeda leader osama bin laden a refuge and freedom to operate in afghanistan, it was a close and mutually beneficial relationship osama bin laden swore a league awn to omar their bond became familial when omar daughter mayored osama bin laden's daughter. the u.s. demands the the taliban give up bin laden.
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expelling his guest would have violated the tradition of hospitality in their society. in october 001 a united states launched coalition -- led coalition launch a full scale war but failed to capture omar. after four quiet years still in hiding he directed an increasingly violent war against the newly-appointed government of the hamid karzai then his successor ghani. roadside bombings targeting afghan security and native forces became their hallmarks. the taliban made areas of afghanistan have you ever till impossible to governor. in recent years there have been political overtures to the taliban giving representatives a political office in qatar. after years of saying they would never negotiate what wajahat what that he called a puppet government they sat down with afghan government officials. mullah omar was in where to be seen but an online message enforce dorsed theendorsed the negotiations.
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the taliban is getting a new life and now a new leader. jennifer glasse, al jazerra kabul. and jennifer glasse has this update now from kabul about knew lahr omar's replacement. >> reporter: it's not clear what changes well see you were the new taliban leader, but tal bank sources tell al jazerra that mansoor has been involved in making political decisions for the taliban over the last few years. there are obviously two different areas of the taliban the political side and the military side. the fighting has been quite serious in this spring fighting season and over the last couple of weeks just in the last couple of days taliban fighters have taken dozens of villages in the north and a district in the south. astill ban fighters continue to fight across the battlefield. now, taliban peace talks patriots talks between taliban
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representatives and the afghan government which were asking go ahead for friday have been put on hold but the afghan government say they are hoping they will be rescheduled sometime soon and people close to the new taliban leader were involved in the first rounds of talks on july 7th and that may be reason why the afghan government is optimistic that peace talks will continue. the real question is what kind of control the taliban leadership has over the fighters on the battlefield. the high peace council here in afghanistan saying they hope that when they do get to the negotiating table whoever sits down for the taliban will be able to speak for not just the political side of the taliban but also the military side of the taliban especially now when the fighting is at its most intense. so omar, the taliban leader gone and a new leader in his place. a very, very crucial time right now. a crucial time for the taliban and the afghan government.
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speculation is mounting that debris found on an island in the indian ocean could belong to the missing airliner mh370. the object which appears to be part of a wing has washed up on reunion island east of madagascar. that's thousands of kilometers from the search zone off australia's southwest coast. 239 people were aboard when the malaysia airlines flight vanished in march last year. australia, which is leading the investigation, says it's offering families new hope for closure. >> this is obviously a very significant development. it's the first real evidence that there is a possibility that a part of the aircraft may have been found. it's too early to make that judgment. but clearly we are treat this is as a major lead. and seeking to get assurance about what has been found and whether it is indeed link today
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the dispinks of mh370. >> al jazerra's tania page sent this update from reunion islands. >> reporter: we know at the moment that there are many malaysian officials here, investigators and that they are going to give us a news conference or have some comment from them tomorrow. so we'll find a little bit more detail about what happens to this, what could be room i a vital clue in the ongoing investigation to what happened to mh370. we'll find out more about that tomorrow. this is, of course, if it is from that plane a hugely significant find discovered by a couple of people wandering around the beach early in the more than. they said it was covered in barnacles, it appears to be the right age and although everyone is being very cautious, some aviation experts believe it is from a boeing 777. so the right kind of plane what will they be able to learn from it? possible not very much. as far as what happened to the flight but it will, i think
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give some confirmation to those s for this wreck i'm that they are they are looking in the right place. a saudi-led coalition fight to go restore yemen's exiled government has said at any point the port city of aden to be its first seats of power once the conflict end. houthi fighters were driven out of much of aden last week. and the coalition's first significant ground victory of after months of fighting. a spokesman for the coalition said the government would then be returned to sanaa if peace talks were successful but that the coalition would force the houthis out if necessary. six people have been injured in a stabbing at a game pride march in goo raws jerusalem. police expect an ultra orthodox jewish man is suspected of the attack. the march has long been tension between the secular and orthodox jewish community who object to public displays of home sexuality. israel's parliament has pass aids controversial law allowing for the force feeding of
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prisoners on hunger strikes. the billing was passed with a majority of just six he is votes. up human rights experts say and the medical association have condemned the move. both consider force feeding a form of torture hunger strikes have often been a means of pro row tests from palestinian president. steph never decker has more. >> reporter: statistics show that the majority of prisoners on hung are strikes are in administrative detention many get taken here to the prison, what does it mean? that means being held without charge those that support the hunger strikes tell you it's the only means that the prisoners have to put pressure on the authoritieses thereauthorities to charge them or let them go. there is also a huge backlash from the medical community here. urging all doctors no to the partake in this saying it goes against all medical he had licks they signed once they started being doctors. >> i think that that there might
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be suspicion on our side that we are being excused as tools or somebody that deals out the punishment to political prisoners or prisoners that have complained and are hunger striking and we are the tools in the around is he'll i state. >> reporter: they will now petition the high court to get it overruled. that is a huge challenge however it goes to show quite how upset they are at this new law. if you look at the figures no hunger striking prisoner has ever died as a result of hunger strike but there have been cases of prisoners being killed because they were force fed. the. a vert in the retrial of three al jazerra journalists in egypt has been postpones until next month. bahar mohamed mohamed familiar me and peter greste of accused of colluding with the outlawed muslim brotherhood. charges they and al jazerra denied. the court will sit again on august 2nd. the men were found guilty of aiding a tire orist organize in
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june 2014 but an appeals court ordered a retrial in january. still ahead for you on al jazerra. food surprise under pressure. can the chinese be convince today embrace the humble poe te'o. also. >> reporter: at this exhibition you can even try your own coffin. >> death becomes big business in japan as cemetery space starts to run out.
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welcome back. a recap of your top stories now
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a al jazerra. the afghan taliban confirms its leader mullah omar is dead. the new leader is mullah mansoor who has been his deputy for three years. speculation is mound that go debris found on an island in the indian ocean could belong to the missing airliner mh370 the object appears to be part i've wing. and israel's parliament has passed a controversial law allowing for the force feeding of prisoners on hunger strikes. now, in other stories we are following the british prime minister david cameron has been criticized for using the world warm to describe the number of migrants trying to enter britain through the channel tunnel. there have been nearly 4,000 attempts this week alone. from calais, barnaby phillips reports. >> reporter: british workmen are in france reinforcing defenses around the euro tunnel complex. they hope this will be enough to keep migrants out and stop them from boarding trucks and trains to try to get across the channel
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channel. in britain the newspapers are increasingly shrill. something must be done to keep migrants out. the french are not up to the job is the sentiment. the prime minister sensitive to the mood at home, used perhaps insensitive language to describe the situation in calais. >> this is very testing i accept that. because you have a swam of people come across the -- swarm of people come across the mediterranean seek a better life want to go come to brought an because we have jobs, growing economy, incredible place to live but he need to pro tethers our borders by working hand in bluff with our neighbors the french and that's laboratories is a what we are doing. >> reporter: this is the existing fence around the euro tunnel complex. you can zero enforced with barbed wire, more barbed wire at the top. but look here, it does look as if some people have forced their way through. cut open the wire. above there is a sign that says danger of death in several afghan, aircraft an, middle eastern languages warning people
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not to go through. but beyond there is more barbed wire. and then a second fence. and, again reinforce littles at the top of that second fence. so you would have to be really, really determine today try to get through here and try and board one of the trains like the one going past right now. shortly afterwards, a team arrived to repair the hole. and so the game of cat and mouse goes on. the real action happens after dark. when the migrants hope it will be easier to get across undetected. although on this occasion, the french police manage to keep them out. outside calais hospital, i met a syrian man who wouldn't show his face. he had tried to jump onto a ship to england but slipped and broke both arms. he's been well treated in this french hospital, but he's still plotting how to get to england. >> when i am back my health and
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from the hospital i will try again to arrive to london. it's my dream. and i don't stop for that. i am try one two three more times. -- no stop. >> reporter: no one who has come this far is easily deterred. this group including syrians air dry anseritreans and sudanese, they dent didn't get across this time but will surely try again. barnaby phillips, al jazerra calais. burundi's government says families who fled from pretty political unrest are returning but the u.n. says more than 100,000 are still in refugees camps. a report near the border with rwanda. >> reporter: esther michelle says she went to a refugees camp in rwanda because she was afraid. she's one of thousands of people who fled during the recent
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violence surrounding a controversial elect she and others have now start today return home. >> translator: there is no war so i came back. >> the camp was not good. but i am scared. i heard some people are being harassed by those who stayed. they are angry we ran way. >> reporter: in many cases those returning come back to this. neighbors say thieves took advantage of the situation. they broke down the door, and then came inside. they then went through room by room booking for whatever they could steal. they took things like furniture and appliances. a voter's card from the 2,005 election is a reminder of burundi's first election after its civil war when the president won his first term he correctly won a third after months of violence. and despite a constitutional rule limiting him to two terms. government officials say people are coming back, because security in burundi has been restored. >> translator: yes, a lot of people are coming back to burundi. many have walked from neighboring rwanda.
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they have heard security has improved in the country. it's true after the elects people started coming back. >> reporter: but the united nations says more than 100,000 people are still in refugees camps in the democratic republic of congo tanzania, and rwanda. >> so far what we are not seeing is that those that were in urban areas, not in the. [ inaudible ] as refugees are now return. so the government may have a definition that these are refugees, but for us, who will take as refugees those who had asked for the protection of other countries as refugees. and for those who are not having signs that they are starting coming now. we are monitoring the situation. >> reporter: many people in burundi know the crisis isn't over. the proposed unity government between the president and some opposition leaders may not work. it may be a long time before everyone who has left returns home. al jazerra burundi.
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the call to extradition an american tourist who killed a famous lion in zimbabwe has reached the white out. walter palmer is accused of illegally killing cecil a protected lion who lived on a wildlife reserve he killed the lie one a bow and arrow says he believed he was acting legally. more than 130,000 people have signssigns a petition on the white house weapon site calling for extradition to zimbabwe. >> members are the public can go on the white house website and draw up the petition if they get 1 million people to sign that petition a set period of time. i believe it's 30 days or something, 60 days, then they will get an official response from the administration and so it sounds as though this particular petition has reached that threshold and so there will be a forthcoming white house son. the thing that i will say as a general matter, is that decisions about prosecution and extradition are made over at the department of justice.
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well, early earth united nations general assembly passed a resolution to crack down on illegal trafficking and poaching of wildlife. it took two years of negotiate to go reach this agreement. the resolution's cosponsor says it might have helped save cecil. >> well, this resolution is meant to protect wildlife both fauna and flora worldwide. and it is meant to combat all illegal and elicit aspects of it. i think like most people in the world, we are outraged at what happened to this poor lion. hunting activities are partly legal, partly illegal and it is this resolution which fights all the illegal aspects of it. ministers from a dozen pacific rim countries are locked
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in talks in hawaii trying to reach a deal on an an ambushing us free trade agreement. the trans-pacific partnership or t. p.p. is being led by the u.s. supporters say it will unlock markets promote investment and boost sales some of the biggest beneficiaries of this treaty will likely be u.s. farmers. tom ackerman has been meeting some in the state of ohio. >> reporter: three times a day the ill in being gets pumped from the 700 cows at clarify farms. the high-tech operation is one of thousands that make america the world's foremost milk produce he should 15% of that output sold and consumed by other countries. frank who runs the farm with his family is well aware that worldwide sales have an impact on the prices he gets from his local dairy customers. >> where you are at in the country and whether it's your milk being exported it's still the same supply demand situation. >> reporter: that's why the u.s. dairy industry is closely watching the outcome of the trans-pacific partnership
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negotiations with two key rivals. new zealand eager to expand its sales of milk products in the u.s. and canada, which has protected its own dairy farmers by restricting supply to squeeze out american products. he sees the prospect of boosting production as important to more than just his own family. >> as dairy production increases or whether it's other agricultural commodities that means more jobs in those areas so it's a boost to the rural economies as as well. >> reporter: joe logan raises cows too but takes a skeptical view of the trade deal. >> we have got these rules set up to benefit the corporations that have expanded to a transnational footprint, they can do very well for themselves by maximizing the amount of global commerce that occurs, regardless of the impact upon
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the consuming public or the producing public. >> reporter: and logan point to issues crucial to farmers which he says the treaty treaty negotiators are bypassing or failing to give enough attention. >> you have current is a back taxes labor standards environment the standards, you are making a reallying really heavy lift for american agriculture. >> reporter: whether or not it's good for farmers here, they are just one economic sector out of men that need to be satisfied with a deal that determines the course of 40% of the world's trade. tom ackerman, al jazerra ohio. the push on onto market the humble potato to a wider chinese mark the world's most populous country looking for find new ways to meet its food security needs and experts are gathering for a major potato conference. >> reporter: it is everything to do with potatoes. from every conceivable way of
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consuming them to better science for growing them. the chinese government is on a mission to convince the people on the wonders of the potato. >> translator: here in china we have good quality potato varieties that give us high yields. potatoes will provide more options for us as a stayal food. >> reporter: -- staple food. >> reporter: facing ever more pressure farming land from urbanize saying and industrial pollution, it could be the potato to the rescue. underpinning the great potato debate is the very serious issue of food security in a country that has a fifth of the world's population to feed. the hearty potato requires far less land and without their be rice, but it faces a serious image problem in the eyes of chinese consumers. look around traditional street markets and it's hard to spot what is seen as a pheasant food only for those who can't afford
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rice. >> translator: it's like a substitute food. i would have it if there wasn't any rice. >> translator: we will have it like an extra vegetable but it's not the basis for a whole meal. >> now more westernized younger people they will eat a lot more potatoes. >> reporter: and that's part of the problem. potato consumption is on the rise largely thanks to increasing amounts of french fries in fast food restaurants. the challenge is getting the chinese to learn healthier ways of having their daily potato. >> translator: in inner mongolia we have been eating potatoes for a very long time. people should learn there are lots of ways of using them, like potato noodles. >> reporter: hopefully this congress will have shown more ways of putting potatoes on chinese dinner tables. rob mcbride, al jazerra, hong kong. dieing is an expensive
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business in japan. although cremation is widely used it's getting more expense i have to bury a body as the country grapples with an ageing population. drew ambrose reports now from the city of osaka. >> reporter: these modern crypts in japan look like a set from a sci-fi movie. they store more you weres and cheap than burying ashes in a traditional graveyard. japan has also built five skyscraper temple with his a row of high-tech crypts on every floor. you swipe your i.d. card which prompts robotic arms to retrieve the family you were from the basement. >> people people are closing their ancestral graves if the countryside and storing the ashes here. they hope their children will come to worship them here. >> reporter: finding the right funeral is hard because cemeteries are running out of space. and plots align can cost $40,000. which is why many baby boomers and the elderly go on weekend
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grave tours to find the right plan. as more people die in japan there are commercial businesses and showcases which help people here make those vital decisions. at this exhibition, you can even try your own coffin. coffin maker has customers of all ages. >> translator: i am not sure if commercialize is the right word but we couldn't display coffins at events like this before. now we can. it's not to do with money instead it shows people's attitudes are changing. >> reporter: he and his wife are talking to a company that blasts the ashes of loved ones in to space with the help of nasa. >> translator: adult children will worry we will suffer deflects when we are gone they wouldn't worry if our ashes were in space. in the past talking about death in japan was taboo.
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social and economic pressures have changed the culture. but instead of a burden, many people see it as a journey of self discovery. drew ambrose, al jazerra owe sacca japan. on that note remember you can go to our website on more of what we are covering,