advancing toward the crowd here. >> ferguson: city under siege. >> it isn't easy to talk openly on this base. >> and america's war workers. >> it's human trafficking. >> watch these and other episodes online now at aljazeera.com/faultlines. >> hello, everybody, this is aljazeera america, and live from new york city, i'm david schuster. president obama israeli prime minister, benjamin netanyahu, addresses the community and issues a new deal with iran. plus -- >> an aljazeera exclusive. michael brown's mother reacts to comments from the police officer who killed her son. and frozen in time, relics from 70 years ago.
the united states brought an end to world war ii by dropping an aatomic bomb. we begin this hour with the dueling and intensifying campaigns over what congress should do with the iran nuclear agreement. israeli prime minister, benjamin netanyahu, spoke to one o of the effort critics, and he lobbied hard against it. and he disputed president obama's assertion that opponents want a warra iran. at the white house, president obama met with jewish leaders face-to-face. he urged them to support the agreement and said that the dangers from iran will increase if the deal falls through. john has more on the lobbying effort. >> reporter: good evening from washington, where vacation time is looming, and in fact,
the house is gone, and the senate is about to leave town. so the race is on to plant iran-style messages in the politicians who will have to vote on this message in the fall, so they can resume innate while at the beach. the toughest critic is benjamin netanyahu, decreasing jewish leaders my video from israel. his line, i would accept a good deal, but this is a bad one. >> don't let the world's most terrorist regime get it's hands on the world's most dangerous weapons. oppose this bad deal. >> the white house in support of its historic nuclear deal with iran, president obama tried to ease the concerns of organizations addressed by netanyahu. white house spokesman, josh earnest. >> this is an opportunity for
the president to once again lay out his case on why he believes this is the best way to keep iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. >> on the airwaves, the battle over the iran deal is heating up too, jewish lobbying groups putting out competing ads. 20 million in key markets against the deal. >> congress should reject a bad deal. we need a better deal. >> the nuclear, and this from j street, which describes itself as pro israel and pro peace. the group forking over $5 million to run this 30 second spot, featuring military leaders who support the deal. >> this prevents iran from producing a nuclear weapon. and it makes it more safer. >> meanwhile, one poll, says
that they are in favor of the deal by a wide margin. blocking the deal, and senate majority, mitch mcconnell warned democrats not to try to stop that vote. >> when they passed the iran nuclear review act, surely the senators wouldn't turn around and block a proper debate from proceeding. >> the senior senator from new york, a leading democratic and jewish voice on the hill is weighing his options. >> i'm going to study it carefully. and i'm not going to let pressure or politics or party influence my decision, and then when i think my questions have been answered, i'll let people know how i feel and why. >> chuck schumer, and day two, the lobbying will continue, and the head of the vienna based watch, dog, iaea, and then
president obama heads for a major policy speech on iran. 50 years ago, president kennedy was making a similar style speech. in his remarks, prime minister netanyahu told jewish groups that his disagreements with the white house are not personal. >> this is not about me, and it's not about president obama. it's about the deal. i'm asking you to rise above partisan politics as we in israel have risen above it. judge the deal on its substance, and on its substance alone. the more people know about the deal, the more they oppose it. and the more people know about the deal, the more the deal's supporters try to stifle serious debate. they do so with false claims, and efforts to delegittize criticism. >> while the leader was giving that address, an argument
erupted over the right wing. [ yelling ] lawmakers started shouting at each other during speeches. they were together to discuss the arson attack that burned a palestinian baby. and the rampage that killed a young israeli girl at a jerusalem gay pride parade. 100,000 yemenis have been forced to flee their homes since the war began two months ago. and 2,000 people have been killed. and now they appear to be making gains near the port city of aiden. they sees the about ten southern villages just a day after capturing yemen's largest air base. >> reporter: yemen's largest military base is under the
control of pro government forces. it was seized from houthi rebels and forces them to follow the president. the forces who call themselves resistance fighters used tanks and vehicles provided by the saudi alliance. >> the southern resistance was able to manage themselves in a semi military fashion, to gain this victory. >>anti houthi fighters say that the victory brings them closer to the contested city, they have seen advances recently. in the south, the leaders are in exile. >> without the implementation of the u.n. security council, we can not initiaa process that would include houthi and saudi,
after they have committed all of these cripes. >> reporter: they have been used against al qaeda as well. and it won't be the game changer that the fighters wants it to be. it comprises of pro contingents, and those who call themselves southern resistance. they don't seem convinced to push farther north into the houthi territory. >> the southern resistance, they will not venture into northern territories. by north, i mean north of the borders. it's going to be a herc lien task for them to raise the resources from its own people. >> as the war continues, it has dropped in value 20% in the last days, and that causes high food prices to soar higher.
they face shortages of food, fuel and power, and the aid to the yemenis still stranded under intense fighting. >> in afghanistan, the taliban is now facing division over appointment of the group's newest leaders, and divisions in the taliban could conceivably help isil. the post powerful leaders said that outsiders from pakistan have appointed monsur as head. and they are worried that it could threaten peace talks with the afghan government. in france, there are more than 3,000 migrants living in a makeshift camp, waiting to sneak into the united kingdom through the channel tunnel. what's causes them to take
extraordinary risks for a better future. >> you see more and more people in the camp, men and women and children, and even those who left the homeland months ago. they say that they're determined to take a final life-threatening risk, to cut through or climb over barbed wire fences and cling to the side of a train for what they hope for is a better life. most, like these men from dar fewerdarfur, won't speak on cam. he knows the risk that's he takes every night in france. >> some of them die, some break their legs.
it's hard to know exactly how many people are trying to cross every night or even make it to the other side, but medics here say that they're treating an increasing number of people for hand and leg injuries every day. patients are being treated. this french charity said that doctors are treating 40 or 50 every day for injuries that they get trying to break through the fence. >> the health is not the first -- it's not a priority. the priority is to cross. >> reporter: the police have bolstered security around the tunnel entrance in the last few days. fences on bridges are put up to stop people from jumping on the tracks. there are policemen on guard, and sometimes helicopters above.
>> the tunnel site is 650 hectors with a 22 chocolatier plementer fence. migrants know that it's difficult better the police and the security to patrol it. and that's why they focus on the tunnel and it's such a flashpoint. >> a place where men and women like these return to every night. charles stratford, ali velshi, calais. >> plummeting oil prices might be good for consumers because of how they drive prices down at the pump, but now it has hurt consumer's wallet in different ways, from iras to retirement accounts. >> no one wants to cry too much until you realize that it's part of your 401k. oil is being given away right now.
$45.74 a barrel. a 50% drop from last year. oil has been higher in the past than the recent peak. americans are paying $2.64 on average a gallon. and that's down 48% from where gas prices peaked last year, and the good news is for the consumers, and the bad news for the energy companies. they have lost $1.3 trillion in stock values. many americans have invested in the companies through their 401ks and mutual funds. one part is up, and the other part is bleeding. it's an oil crash that very few saw coming, and it's all due to supply and demand. america is pumping out more oil, or at least it was last year than in four decades, and at the same time, china saw it's economic growth slow down. china and india are big consumers of oil. and when their growth slows
down, but the dollar continues to keep oil prices lower. but the real convert is opec. especially saudi arabia. they hit 32 million a day in june, and that's the highest in three years. typically, opec pulls back on their production when prices get this low, but they haven't done that. they say that they're defending their market share. >> is there any chance that it goes lower than that? iran, would that perhaps put more pressure? >> we haven't seen the iranian oil yet. it's sitting in tankers, and china seems to be buying it, but there's no production yet. consensus is that it's going to stick around the 40-dollar mark, but the prices won't fall of more than they have. you're right, there may be room for them to fall more short-term. and iran is likely by the end of the year, maybe 250 to
$500,000 a day. the problem is demand in the world is lower. europe is still in recession, or at least slowing down because of the spat with russia, and russia is in recession, and china is slowing down. and some predict that the demand won't come back as it was before. that's good news for americans and everybody at the pump, and bad news for energy investors. >> ali, what else is on target? >> we're continuing our conversation on america's mentally ill cycling through the criminal justice system. a good deal of them are getting tangled in the criminal justice system because america's strained mental healthcare system fails. >> you can watch ali velshi right here on aljazeera america. >> up next, the growing threat from legionnaire's disease. trying to figure out the source
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>> it has been just about a year since the white police officer in ferguson, missouri, shot and killed unarmed american, michael brown. the former officer, darren wilson, is now speaking out. he gave an interview to new yorker magazine, and he gave his version of what happened. and the death threats he received and the massive protest after the shooting. and his struggle to find a new job in law enforcement. here's the piece. he said that he had interviewed for a few police positions but have been told that he would be a liability and it's too hot an
issue, so it makes me unemployable. tony sat down with michael's mother. >> there was a new interview that i don't think that you're even aware of with darren wilson in the new yorker magazine. >> uh-huh. >> darren wilson was asked, if you thought about your son in a new interview, and here's what he said. do i think about who he was as a person? not really. because it doesn't matter. matter at this point. do i think he had the best upbringing? no. not at all. take that in for a second. >> uh-huh.
what do you think? >> he's evil. his acts were devilish. and we definitely know he didn't have the right upbringing. because those are words that you just don't use. basically, you took somebody's life, and you know you had no reason to do that. but he can't hurt me with his words. what he did last year hurt me really bad. but his words mean nothing to me. >> have you forgiven him? >> never. never. >> you can see the rest of our exclusive interview with leslie mcstaten. tony harris will have that tomorrow night. the mother of sandra bland,
the african-american woman who died in a texas jail after a traffic stop has filed a federal lawsuit. it takes aim at the trooper and others. she was arrested for not signaling a lane change, and found dead in her cell four days later. the autopsy ruled her death as a suicide. and the lawsuit says that the staff neglected bland. >> we're looking for individuals involved in this situation to take accountability. the family is frustrated because we don't feel like that has happened. >> the bland family is calling for the dismissal of brian, the officer who arrested sandra bland, and they want the justice department to open an investigation into the case. an outbreak of legionnaires disease in new york city has
killed 17 while infecting 86. it's up from yesterday. which means that five new cases were reported in the past 24 hours. more on the outbreak and the response. >> new york's mayor seeking to quell fears over the largest outbreak of legionnaires disease in the city. >> there's no risk to our drinking water, to our water supply from legionaire's disease, and another usually point, it can be treated and it can be treated with antibiotics. >> earlier in the day, hundreds of residents packed this town hall meeting, frustrated and seeking answers. legionnaires disease, health officials are focusing on the water cooling towers.
>> all of the information has been based on the cooling towers, and they have been disinfected. >> all of them have been tested and at least five have been found positive for the bacteria. every year, 18,000 people are infected and between 5 and 30% of those dies. the illness tackets the lungs with flu-like symptoms, and early decks is the key and certain people are high-risk. >> it can be deadly in certain patient groups. particularly the elderly, and people with underlying lung disease, like emphysema. adary wilson is on the way back from the hospital where she made sure that she wasn't infected. >> me being a woman, i'm going to panic naturally, i'm going to sit here and take
precautionses. not say of about it. >> i don't have any ideas exactly what i did to concern me, but i have to work in the neighborhood and i have to make a dig. >> they are diagnosed to drop in about a week. >> officials in northern new hampshire are investigating the deadly collapse of a circus tent. it killed a man and his eight-year-old daughter and eight other people were injured. the strong winds blew in as the show was beginning, and 100 people were inside when the storm hit. the national weather service said that it had issued a severe thunderstorm watch for the region, and the top fire marshal pledged a comprehensive review. >> the investigation will involve the documentation of the scene, which involves mapping out the scene which is where things were located after the collapse, and examining the
actual setup of the tent, to determine how it was set up, and all of the cables, where they were connected and things of that nature. >> the officials also said that the investigation is a fact finding operation, and no charges are being pursued at this time. still ahead, nearly all of the wild fears in california are still out of control. and that has prompted thousands of fire crews from across the country to head to the state. we'll show you the latest challenges on the front lines. and plus, his grandfather piloted the plane that dropped the first atomic bomb, and now this air force officer is commanding a group of b2 fighters.
netanyahu are coordinating jewish groups. president obama met face-to-face with jewish leaders at the white house. >> you can find jewish american groups on both sides of the issue, but the opponents have certainly been much more vocal and much more active in voicing their opposition to the iran nuclear deal. zines for a nuclear free iran has spent $7.1 million in advertising, urging jewish americans to call their congress members and get them to vote it down. and on the other hand, some polls suggest that the majority of jewish americans actual favor the deal, in some cases by 20%. it's interesting. we stopped to talk outside of the jewish community center in new york, a non-political place where people come to exercise and swim, and we found opinions on both sides of the issue. >> i don't think that it's a
good idea to give them all of that money, considering where the terrorists came are. >> i think if we're going to have peace in this country and the world, that people of my generation and your generation than our generation good. because we can't seem to learn from the mistakes. >> members of congress are under had intense pressure from the opponents of the deal. american israel public affairs committee is lobbying intensely. ambassador from israel to the united states, he has met with some 50 members of congress, and one senator from new york reports receiving calls from some 10,000 people against the deal. and he has not said how he will vote. >> he's a former israeli diplomat. and dan, the figures, $20 million from the apac organization, lobbying against this, and $5 million ad campaign by the more
progressive j street. what do you make of this? have you ever seen a debate involving this much money that's this intense in the american jewish community? >> good evening, and clearly, this is unprecedented in numbers and at the level of this heated debate. there have been periods in the past or crises in the past in which the jewish community did not see eye to eye with different administrations, but i do not recall such a heated emotion and vigorous debate on what we have seen now. >> what do those mean in terms of the jewish community with the more progressive numbers, as the jewish community moves into the holiday season this fall? they have voted for barack
obama many of them find themselves in a dilemma as they look at the iran deal. in polls coming up, which are not reliable at the moment, with each side conducting polls spinning them off, as their side is victorious, but it's clearly not split. it's a fight for the soul of the jewish community right now in regards to the iran deal. and this would only intensify as we move toward september when the vote is to take place, and you're right, by mentioning the holiday season in september, and clearly during that time, those who oppose and those who support the deal will so-called try to recruit more members of the community to their respective causes and their respective positions.
>> there's so much reference as you know in the american jewish community for whoever the occupant is in the white house, and there's something to be said for when the prime minister speaks. what do the israelis think of all of this? and where is the poll in israel on the iran nuclear deal? >> in israel, it's interesting to note that there's an overwhelming consensus against the iran deal. both those who are in government. and the parties in government. and the opposition in parliament who did not support mr. netanyahu's government are opposing the deal. there's clearly a wide agreement between those who oppose and those who support mr. netanyahu on the very merits of the iran deal, which seems to many israelis as a bad deal, as somebody who is not taking care enough of israeli concerns.
there are arguments about the tactics of how netanyahu is conducting himself, going head-to-head with the president of the add mansion, and speaking to congress in march, and addressing the jewish community as he did today. seen by opposition members by those who oppose mr. netanyahu, not only unprecedented but uncalled for and unusual behavior by mr. netanyahu and those who question the actions by the prime minister. as for a wider deal, there's a agreement between the opposition and the coalition that this is a bad deal. >> the studies at american university, dan, thank you for being with us, we appreciate it. >> thank you, and have a good evening. >> a fierce wildfire, burning north of san francisco s. still growing. burning from 65,000 acres, and 6900 homes are now at risk.
science and technology expert, jake ward, is in california, and are there any indications that the rocky fire jumped the line that was intended to contain it? what was the latest? >> yes, yesterday, we were on that line, the line that the firefighters hoped to use as the last defensible barrier to hold the fire back. it's a space without vegetation, and unfortunately, the wind is too high. and the fire jumped over it. so they have been emphasizing the fight with the fire as it burns against that. it's just a massive mobilization. it has grown to a 65,000-acre pyre and a very scary thing. it has gotten a little bit better today. there been rain and overcast, and that has given the firefighters a bit of help, but the strain on them.
>> crews are coming from all over the united states, and how difficult is it to figure out, given the complexities of fighting 20 fires at once, where the resources should go? >> it's an extraordinary thing to witness. it should be a model for management consultants around the world. if you imagine anybody else in your line of work, you gather 3,000 people doing what you do, and throwing them all together and trying to accord them in one place. i'm in the staging area, and there are firefighters from 600, 1,000 miles away from here, and they arrive and know what to do. that's based on a system that we'll get in depth from in an hour. but it's a strain, they come off of sometimes 24 hours of duty. and they eat 8,000-calorie bags of food. the strain is very heavy, and for a lot of these guys, 30 and
40 year veterans, these are a new kind of fire, something that they have not dealt with before. you see people who are used to terrible emergencies but this as a new kind of emergency, it's scary to behold. >> begin that new kind of emergency, is there a point over the next few days when the firefighters were say, this is out of control, and we have to reset our lines yet again? >> you know, they definitely are in a sort of defensive position now, and they're trying very hard to contain what they have. and they said, even in a span of five hours, the fire grew a few days ago, 20,000 acres, and that's an unprecedented level of violence. no one is admitting defeat, but they're evacuating larger and larger areas of hopes, and the homes are being evacuated. the fire is it's own problem, and that these wildfires don't
spread to southern california. they typically see them later in the season. if northern and southern california burn at the same time, and if you begin to hear them around los angeles, you'll know that this massive fire department that runs the biggest air crew in the world that fights fires. if they get spread arounder northern and southern california, that's when you start to worry. >> jake ward, thanks it's always. volunteers make up about one quarter of the crews battling fires in california. and some of them are convicts looking for a second chance. "america tonight's" sarah hoye reports. >> reporter: fighting fires in california, it's a dirty, difficult and dangerous job. wildlife firefighters are often knee-deep in rugeds and hard to reach terrain. from sun up to sundown, these men and women usually work a wildfire in 24--hour shifts.
>> what are you in for? >> assault with a deadly weapon and robbery. >> i'm assault with a deadly weapon with a firearm. >> all of these men are convicts, all charged with a low level felony. they have 20,000 inmate firefighters, 300 women, stationed at 300 sites. >> what would you say is the biggest misconception out there? >> i don't think that the nation knows how much they contribute to the conservation program. but when they're saving their homes, the community doesn't care if they're inmates or free people. they're just thankful. >> close to 3400 wildfires blackened the golden state. and the fire season is still young. despite the taxing work, he's back for his third season. >> this is my first time being in prison, and i'm not what you
would call a career criminal. and i wanted to do the best i could to give back to the community. >> terrell ellison has worked the line for two years. he says that he wants to square his debt to society. >> how dangerous is this work? >> it's really bad, this is fire, and you don't know what it might do. >> they're getting rehabilitated, so they're going back out to the community with the skill and they're likely not to commit crimes again. not all of them, but more than half. >> when they're not working wildfires, they work another project, like fire field reduction and treetopping. skills that are useful in the outside world. >> well, they're human beings, and everybody deserves a second chance. >> for these men, it's a second
chance that could possibly save their futures. aljazeera, yucaipa, california. >> you can see more on sarah's report tonight at 7:pacific. tonight, making the cut. which candidates made the lineup for the first prime time republican are candidate debate. and which ones are in a second tier debate hours earlier. and tokens from a destroyed city, providing perspective here in america.
ten are allowed to participate in the prime time event. those who made the cut, billion ear developer, donald trump, jeb bush, wisconsin governor, scott walker, benjamin netanyahu carson. rand paul, chris christie, and john kasich, the governor of ohio. aljazeera, political correspondent, michael shore joins us from los angeles, and it's fair to say that john kasich is breathing the easiest, he came in at number ten. >> it was definitely good news for john kasich. hearing you reading those, it's hard to believe that you left seven names out. there were several that could and gone. and john kasich had that built in excuse that rejoined late. but it would be difficult to watch this if you were the kasich people in his home state as you said.
and as i said, it was a big thing for him to get there, and because of that, it was particularly devastating for rick perry. he's somebody that everybody wants to see debate, because rick perry lost and dropped out in 2012 because he did such a poor job at the debates and made so mistakes, and i think that people were looking at that, and this gives a better chance for rick perry to redeem himself. >> for rick perry and lindsey graham. and bobby jindal, is there another opportunity for them? for at least a couple of hours, the media is going to be talking about who won the second tier debate, leading through prime time. >> well, you don't go to the fight to see the undercard, but you want to see the main event. but what's ironic here, all eyes are on donald trump. they want to see him swinging
and throwing punches, but i was thinking about it today, david, the undercard, the seven candidates, they're going to try to make news and get into people's vocabulary before the next debate. so you may see more gun slinging at the second debate than the main one, but again, you might see more substance as well. >> speaking of that, mike, there's substance in last night's issue in new hampshire. 14 of the candidates spoke. >> in the 21st century, legal immigration must be based on merritt, what you can contribute economically, what you can be in america as oppose informed simply living in america. >> cut it down some. >> i would cut it down to spouse and minor children. >> with the 12 million, we need to finds out who they are, and if they're law-abiding and god
fearing folks, and if they have to pay a penalty and if they have to wait. >> of how much of this is being driven by donald trump because he's the one who lit the fire some. >> he made the republicans talk about an issue that they preferred not to talk about until they had so. it would certainly not be something that would come up at their debates and dialogue early on. i think that you're spot on, because i think that it was trump who drove this. here's the interesting thing about the people who made the main stage. marco rubio and ted cruz. two people hispanic heritage who talk a lot about immigration, they're not making any traction. they're down 5-6%, and they haven't moved up. this may be an issue that they want to embrace and take them somewhere. and there's a lot of possibility of that happening. >> and donald trump, because of the latest polls, has more support among the voters than scott walker and jeb
bush combined. and is there a danger for anybody who tries to take down donald trump through negative ads? >> i think that when you're debating. whether it's donald trump or ronald reagan, or any of the other candidates, you want to take down the guy in front. and i think that walker and bush are thinking that the support for the candidates that will drop off has to go to trump. and they have to be careful to not make big mistakes. >> michael, thank you. >> democrats, with president obama, 30 startup teams, which went from full-fledged assume projects and research. it was driven by women and minorities and young people. president obama spoke about the need for different points of view in the startup world. >> we have seen again,
companies with diverse leadership outperforming those who don't. not just in the united states, but globally. so that lack of participation from everybody is not good for business. >> also, today president obama celebrated his birthday. he's 54 years old and that didn't leave much time for celebrating. he met up with ban ki-moon, as well as jewish leaders, but mr. obama spent last weekend at camp david with some childhood friends. for a look at what's coming up at the top of the hour, john seigenthaler. >> the spread of legionnaires disguise, and why one doctor thinks that it's being spread through drinking water and not air-conditioning. and drug resistent germs. the close look at the barrier from new drugs being developed
to stop these so-called super drugs. the high price of guyers. convenience stores often charge three times the cost retail outlets, and that's leading to potential health risks. how mothers can be helped in those areas, and the help that they're getting. and a forgotten part of the american past. in the 1800s, they have a rich history. but very few of them are left. heidi joe castro visited one of them in clearview, oklahoma. >> the idea was, they wanted to start all black towns for individuals who wanted to move into the state and start a new life, free from prejudices in the south. and a place where they could worship on their own. >> more of a ghost town in today's world. what brings thousands of people to clearview. >> thank you. when the united states dropped
atomic bombs in heroshima and nagasaki, it began the nuclear age. 70 years later, the grandson of the man who bombed heroshima is now in charge of the stealth mommers. he talks about his family's legacy and the role of the nuclear arsenal. >> reporter: brigadier gem, tibbets went in the cockpit to the commander's office. it's a unique path in his nuclear family. 70 years ago, his grandfather, paul tibbets jr. unleashed the nuclear weapons from the plane name their his mother, the inola gay. >> it was a black, boiling mess, and the cloud above it
was doubling and rolling and you could see the energy in it. >> the wisdom of that bomb was heavily debated. but the commander of the stealth bombers said that his grandfather never doubted it. >> if my grandfather was sitting here today, he would look at you and said, i had a job to do, and i never lost one night's sleep after that one mission. not one. and the reason is not because i'm a warmonger, but because i knew that this mission i was ordered to do was effective in bringing this war to an end and in the long run saving hundreds of thousands of lives. >> that's an ethos that today's bombers carry on. >> we know our job is to provide safe and effective nuclear deterrents to our allies, and stop bad people wanting do us harm.
>> this glass door, it's main purpose, -- >> but the bombers remain as much of a nuclear arsenal as ever. planes have changed a lot. but the mission is the same. global deterrent. and the readiness that everyone hopes will never be given again. the younger tibbets, who will return to the air base as a commander in june, said that he is sure that the pilots at whiteman air force base carried out. >> the president said, as long as the level exists, we're going to maintain safe ander security and credible and if the command cups, we'll be ready to go. >> ready to go, but like his grandfather says, far from eager. >> washington d.c., which is home to a lot of interesting
museums and exhibits now has a remarkable display, commemorating the bombing of hero shim a. and putting his students on tour in japan so the new generation will learn what happened. >> it was more of the human effects of the bombing, and we wanted the historical context. >> reporter: this professor is putting the relics on display. many bear the marks of the attack on hiroshima, but tell the stories on the ground that day, 1945. her mother desperately searched for her in the hours after the bombing, but she vanished without a trace. >> what they found was her lunch box with carbonized rice inside. >> a crucifix, frozen in time. reminders of the exact moment when the atomic bomb detonated.
>> a b29 dropped it's atomic death, equivalent to 40,000 tons of tnt. >> 70,000 people lost their lives instantly. >> it was children and old people, not soldiers. the reality of modern warfare, and an indiscriminate weapon like the atomic bomb. >> his response to the controversy around the smithsonian's anniversary of the bombing. critics over the display of the inola gay, and other artifacts of the suffering there, were too sympathetic to the japanese. >> this was what we had to do, to drop the bomb, it's a total myth. he and other historians contend
that it was the soviet union's entry in the war that led japan to finally surrender. >> let us pray that peace can now be restored to the world. >> this room is filled with very historical works. what are these exactly? >> these are -- >> they arrived in hiroshima days after the blast and witnessed the devastation firsthand. they spent decades creating these haunting works, now in a rare visit to the u.s. each with a title, one called ghosts, and another fire, that evoke unspeakable suffering. >> he was 11 when he was riding his bike and the bomb dropped. >> college student, sarah phillips, has gone to hiroshima each year.
lasting effects on the city and it's people. >> no more hiroshima. and no more nagasaki. the children will -- there should be no more war. >> seeing the people, how they're still affected by it, really reinforced to me the idea that nothing is just black and white. there's no bright symbol of right and wrong. >> this year's group, the largest in 20 years. she's still in high school and has many questions. >> i want to be able to hear what people were doing, and how they think now, and what they might have changed what they had done before. >> any bitterness toward america has mostly evaporated. a theme that resonated in the pictures, drawn two years after the bombing by school children in hiroshima much.
>> we see this one here, it says, if i understand correctly [ speaking japanese ] it means america's friend. it's amazing that these kids would not harbor any animosity. >> that's what we found always with the survivors. they are not bitter, they're not angry, but what they have done is taken their suffering and taken their experience and turned it positive. >> hiroshima and later, nagasaki, the last places for nuclear war. but considering the consequences, using the most devastating weapon known to human kind. mike viqueira, aljazeera, washington. >> they will be holding a memorial service tomorrow, 10 p.m. eastern. i'm john schuster, and john