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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 17, 2015 9:00pm-10:01pm EDT

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a nightmare in thailand. more than a dozen people are killed after a bomb rips through a religious shrine in bangkok. missing the deadline. >> the united states deeply regrets that the government of south sudan chose not to sign an agreement supported by all the states. >> the south sudanese government rejects an internally internationally backed peace plan. now the u.s. is threatening sanctions.
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pressure on the president. tens of thousands of people take to the streets of brazil demanding the impeachment of president rousseff. sanitation and education. >> girls had to go home to use the toilet before. that's why we needed one here. so they wouldn't have to leave school during the day. >> india's prime minister makes good on a promise for separate toilets for boys and girls. this is al jazeera america. i'm del walters in tonight for antonio mora. we begin tonight with the international condemnation of those responsible for today's bombing in thailand. at least 19 people were killed, dozens more were injured after a blast erupted inside a shrine that is popular with tourists from all over the world. police say the attackers packed
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tons of explosives in a pipe inside the shrine. the government is promising to avenge the deadly bombing. no one has claimed responsibility for the attack, but officials say explosions have been common since a military coup there in may of 2014. u.n. secretary-general ban ki-moon says he hopes those responsible will be brought to justice. meanwhile, u.s. officials say it's too early to tell if the attack is related to terrorism. veronica has the story from bangkok. wayne hayes is with us live now. what is the latest now that it is morning there? >> reporter: yes. we're just over 12 hours now after that huge blast cursed in the shrine just behind me at the intersection, which is really one of the hearts of this city. it's one of the focal points for locals and tourists to come to go shopping and visit the shrine
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itself. there are many hotels in the area. in fact, one very nice five-star hotel right beside the shrine. this morning, tuesday morning we have seen a lot of police activity here, a lot of military here as well. the police just poured over the scene still. they're going through every piece of debris trying to find more clues using the light of the day. obviously, it was dark when the blast occurred. now they have daylight and looking again at all the debris, looking in the bushes in the middle of the road trying to piece together exactly what did occur at around 7:00 on monday evening when that large bomb occurred. >> wayne, as we mentioned, these types of bombings have become common since the military seized control of the country last year. are authorities focusing on any one group in particular or persons for that matter? >> reporter: well, not that they're saying publicly. we've not seen a bomb of this size in bangkok really ever. we've seen some small homemade
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devices, if you'd like, being thrown at places like courthouses and things like that over the past year or so since that military coup. nothing of this magnitude. the army, which is still control of the country, is not saying it's looking at any one particular group. of course, many speculate this is politically related, maybe by some group opposed to the military government, but the only comment we've heard really is from the deputy prime minister. he's saying they cannot be sure that bomb blast was politically motivated, but he did promgs the government will hunt down those responsibl responsible. >> very, very popular with tourists in the particular area. what effect does it have on thailand's tourism? >> reporter: well, we've already seen a number of travel advisories being issued by governments, particularly western governments about travel around bangkok. no travel advisories urging
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people to stay away from the city in general but just this local area, which is a very popular areas for tourists. there are a couple of five-star hotels right around the arawan shrine itself. it's a very big part of the city. there's a market around here, and it's rush hour in bangkok. a lot of people would stop at that stlien on the way home to pay respects to offer a prayer. so it no doubt will have an effect on tourism, but, of course, the military government will go to great lengths i'm sure over the next few days to say it's business as usual in thailand. >> wayne hayes for us in bangkok this evening. thank you very much. the syrian air force launching new attacks to the outskirts of damascus. more than 100 were killed and dozens wounds. bombs were dropped in douma on sunday.
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they called it a massacre. douma has been a recent target of the syrian government. those strikes coincide with a visit to syria by a u.n. humanitarian affairs leader. we have the details. >> reporter: the plane dropped the bomb in a crowded marketplace. it is an all too familiar scene for the people of the rebel stronghold of douma. this town is regularly targeted by syrian government air strikes, but sunday's attack was the worst yet. civil defense workers and others gathered at the site of the explosion to help move the wounded when more air-raids hit. more than 100 people were killed and dozens of others were wounded. doctors at the field hospital struggled to help those that survived. many of them were critically injured. according to activists on the ground, the victims were civilians, women and children were among them. the syrian observatory for human rights called the attacks an
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official massacre carried out deliberately. syrian state media didn't mention the attack on douma, but a military force rs was quoted at saying think carried out strikes that targeted the headquarters of the rebel group the islam army. a day earlier they announced a new offensive against government forces and captured an army base in heresa. fighting around damascus has escalated in recent days. douma has been out of government control for years, but the military still controls the skies and civilians more often than not have been targeted. like douma it's the government's seat of power. that's why sunday's attacks are seen as a message to the people of the area. the government will consider them responsible for the actions of opposition. al jazeera, beirut. meanwhile, the u.n. is condemning sunday's blood
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attack. they say the assault on civilians is unlawful and unacceptable and must stop. the u.n. is pleading with the warring factions to do more to protection civilians. >> i'm absolutely horrified by the total disregard for civilian life by all parties in this conflict. attacks on civilians are unlawful, unacceptable, and must stop. i appeal to every party engaged in violence and fighting to protect civilians and to respect international humanitarian law. >> o'brien meeting with syrian's foreign minister and expressing a willingness to work with the government to alleviate the suffering. the u.n. is concerned about reports that isil is using chemical weapons in iraq. last week kurdish authorities saying that isil used chemicals to attack forces nir irbil in northern iraq. the organization for the
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probation of chemical weapons is asking the iraqi government for more information. >> the use of chemical weapons or toxic chemicals constitute a war crime, and that obviously, cannot be tolerated. the continuing allegation of the ongoing use of chemical weapons in the region as a whole are not only laalarming but contribute further instability in the region. >> u.s. officials told "the wall street journal" last week that isil is suspected of using mustard gas. the parliament signed off a right that complicatesal maliki for allows mosul to fight to isil last year. he chose commanders that engaged in corruption and failed to hold them accountability. al maliki has accused other
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countries behind the fall. egypt is moving ahead with sweeping new security laws in the country. the measures approved this week are highly controversial. we explain why. >> reporter: it was last month at the funeral of egypt's public prosecutor, who was assassinated, that the president made a stern promise. >> translator: the hands of justice are chained by law. we will not wait. we will change laws in order to allow to implement law and justice as soon as possible. >> reporter: that promise has turned into a piece of legislation that broadly defines acts disturbing pub order as terrorism and punishes them accordingly. those found guilty of forming or leading the group the government considers a terrorist entity are punishable by death or life in prison. financing the groups carries a life sentence, which is 25 years in egypt. the law grants protection to the military and police who use force while acting in the name of the law while journalists can
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be fined for contradicting the official version of any attack. some egyptians are concerned. >> the law here is a system that is not protecting the citizenry but rather protecting the state. this is indicative of a larger pattern of the consolidation of power in the hands of the executive, and there isn't a check on not only his power but on his avenues of the sem nation of force. >> reporter: egypt's military's engaged in an operation against fighters based in the sinai peninsula. they've killed soldiers and policing and increasingly beyond the sinai and into the capital of cairo. some ask if the new securities laws for anyone opposed to the government. the pentagon says it plans to step up the use of drones around the world. military officials will increase
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the number of intelligent flights by 50% over the next several years. it will broaden surveillance in ukraine, iraq, syria, the south china sea and north africa. it will also use more drones for air strikes as well. the iranian nuclear agreement is frar a done deal. it could be rejected by lawmakers in washington next month or tehran. if goes through, the supreme leader says it's not an opening for the western way of life in their country. >> translator: it's not definite whether it will accepted or jeekted here or there. their intentions with these negotiations in the agreement was to find a way to infiltrate the islamic republic, but we blocked this way and will blook it for good. >> he said american mrital or cultural influence is not welcome in iran, but the nuclear deal is winning the support of some american rabbis. 340 of them write a letter to congress urging members to support the agreement, but it is
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not a unanimous sentiment. some american jews in addition to israeli prime minister netanyahu say congress should reject the deal. fighting breaks out again in eastern ukraine. there was renewed violence overnight in the outskirts of donesk. it happened during an artillery exchange between ukrainian forces and pro-russian rebels. residents are voicing their frustration with the conflict. >> translator: fight away from us. attack each other. make war. everybody is fed up with this war. >> that shelling on monday comes as talks collapsed. the summit was to find out a way to get rid of the weapons in the region. we have the latest. >> reporter: the remains a family home in a ukrainian-controlled village just south of donetsk.
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it took 20 minutes to reduce this street to rubble. they said two people were killed as russian-backed rebels shelled the village. >> translator: a man 30 years old and a woman of 22 were killed. six others were wounded. the most serious injuries were those sustained by a mother with a child. >> reporter: the separatists are blaming ukraine forces for the shelling. this part of the country has borne the brunt of several attacks in recent days. there continues to be sporadic fighting, and that's despite a tenuous ceasefire more or less in place since february. as the attacks show military are planning a renewed offensive from russian separatists. >> translator: we worry about the latest developments. it was like that last august when ukrainian soldiers received the order to attack. when that failed, then they
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agreed to start the talks. it was like that this past january when there was another attempt to resolve the situation by using force. that also failed, and the ukrainian side agreed to more talks. we believe that one shouldn't be experimenting in trying one's luck. one should agree to what was agreed to in minsk. >> more than 6,800 have been killed since the conflict began. it's driven 1.5 million civilians from their homes. while there have been repeated efforts to stop the fighting, several units on either side have refused to obey the political commanders, and the gulf of mistrust between moscow and kiev grows even wider. when we come back, hope for an agreement to end the war in south sudan hitting a roadblock. the country's president refused to sign a deal to stop the fighting. anger is on the rise in the aftermath of last week's devastating explosions in that
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chinese port city.
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south sudan had to make a peace deal today to avoid sanctions. the president refused, and the u.s. is now urging him to change his mind. charles stratford reports from
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the negotiations. >> reporter: whatever way you look at it, this deal has not been signed by the two leaders, and there are some very realisticing points and we believe that these sticking points are the ones that eve seen for the last few days, and dhar the ones that have prevented this signing today. they include agreement on power sharing. we know that he was pushing for more powers in the vice president position he was due to nil in the transitional government for the proposal. we also know that there were problems in terms or lack of aagreement in terms of the de mille tearization of duba as well. that would pose a problem of sovereignty of his country in the knowledge of a third-party had to come in and police duba. there are serious concerns about divvying up the powers of the upper nile state in the north of that cannot where all that oil
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is under rebel command. so certainly despite all the international pressure on these two men, despite the threat of sanctions, no deal yet signed, and he's returning to duba for more consultations. >> charles stratford reporting from ethiopia. some perspective on the conflict. the president became the president of south sudan when it gained independence in 2011. at least seven ceasefires have been agreed to and broken since the conflict began in december of 2013. nearly 1 in 5 south sudanese are displaced out of a total population of just 12 million. finally this fact. since 1955 there have been 42 years of war in south sudan. that conflict has divided tribes now for more than a year and a half. tens of thousands of people have been killed, and in our in
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context segment, we traveled to a camp where some are already finding peace. >> tucked behind a market in du duba, something more than this account on the patch of dirt. displaced people from four of the tribes are learning to live peacefully with one another again. although they come from different villages, their journeys are similar. >> you find generally it's not only one person who has lost, but you are very many people who have lost. >> reporter: meet a mother of eight. she came from malakal, one of the towns in south sudan decimated by fighting. she says the family had to abandon her 14-year-old son so they could save themselves. the last time she saw him, he was walking into the bush to check on the family's cattle. >> translator: sometimes my heart tells me he's alive, but sometimes i get depressed and
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think negative thoughts. a lot of people told me other people have faced a worse fate than you, so stop thinking about it and leave it up to god. >> reporter: she and others like her at the camp are now neighbors with people from tribes who are killing each other elsewhere in the country. in fact, in other camps for displaced people within u.n. compounds, the tribes are carefully segregated, and tension is high. but here they are building a community on common ground of shared needs, fears, and hopes. that's not to say members of different tribes don't fight, but when they do, each leader of the tribe gathers them together to mediate. >> later when we're able to solve this problem, those people will be able to sit together and then you will find good friends. >> this conflict began nearly two years ago as a dispute between the president and his vice president. people here say they're
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desperate for peace because peace means they can go home again. she says she doesn't want people to go back to the way they were living before the civil war. >> translator: what happened has happened, and it's in the past. what we want is for peace to come. >> reporter: the end of the war could also mean she, like so many mothers, could finally find out what happened to her son. natasha ganay, al jazeera, duba, south sudan. >> joanna henry is a re searcher for human rights watch. according to your organization, south sudanese government forces and allied rebels held out scores of killings and rapes and other things too horrible to imagine. even if an agreement is reached, is it too late for south sudan? >> let's hope for the best with an agreement. this is an incredibly abusive conflict marked by massive
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displacement and targeted killings. in research we did recently, we had testimony of soldiers running after civilians as they fled into the bush, into the forest shooting at them. the targeting of civilians has really marked this conflict and also sexual violence and child soldiers. there's an incredibly sad list of abuses. we hope for the best with the peace agreement, but what human rights watch has been promoting and pushing this whole time since the conflict broke out is the need for accountability. there needs to be a strong message these abuses are not to be tolerated. >> as we mentioned, 42 years of conflict since 1955. with thaz a backdrop, is the u.n. doing enough to address the problem in south sudan? >> the u.n. certainly sees the matter and imposes it on individuals. we want to see them enforce those and extend to other individuals responsible for crimes and also to take the lead on steps towards justice.
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there are a number of options for justice that are available and that have been tried in other countries and that the parties themselves have discussed and committed to. there's also been a lot of foot-dragging. there's a belief we can't do anything until there's a peace agreement signed, but the people of south sudan can't wait indefinitely for a peace agreement. regardless of a peace agreement signed and whether this one works out, we'd like to see the u.n. and au take concrete steps towards the creation of a hybrid court for example. >> you're very calm, but is there a point you want to scream and say, enough is enough. south sudan is tired of waiting. the people can't take it anymore? >> absolutely. it's devastating. it's very difficult to talk about. it's absolutely devastating what's happened, and just going to south sudan on a regular base and the people who are witnessing that every day of their lives, it's very difficult to describe how much we all wanted to do that. >> put a human face on it for
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me. tell me why people should understand this is not a conflict about south sudan, but this is a conflict involving people that just want a roof over their head, a place to eat and be safe. >> that's exactly what it is, and it's hard to grapple with the numbers, the magnitude of what's happened. more than 100,000 people displaced just since may, 2 million people forced out of their homes since the beginning of the conflict. these numbers are staggering. there's a huge, looming famine. they're blockage of humanitarian aid. to put a human face on it, we go to the people who we interviewed and talked to and spend time. that's the basis for human rights reporting, and we're trying to preserve those stories. we believe that this is very important so that justice can be done. you know, to really listen to what people are going through. you're absolutely right. it's beyond words. >> i have 15 seconds. the african union in 2015 called on the u.n. security council to
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urgently consider an arms embar embargo. did it happen? >> it's been tlepthreatened or promised but didn't happen. whatever happens with this peace agreement, it's still a valid, important step to take because arms have been flooding that country and they're being used not to fight some sort of ab tract war to kill civilians. >> thank you for being us this evening. after all the turmoil over greece's debt crisis, the prime minister and government there on shaky ground. in brazil demonstrators take to the streets in 16 states on sunday to voice their anger over president dilma rousseff. that's coming up on al jazeera america. our world what it is. >> ray suarez hosts "inside story". only on al jazeera america.
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welcome back. coming up in the half hour of international news, why one president's approval rating has dropped to 8%. the u.s. army's elite ranger unit graduating the first female students this week. "the washington post" says two will complete the program on friday. it's historic because ranger training is considered to be the
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toughest in the military. the white house launching a new initiative to battle the heroin epidemic. a portion of the $13 million plan will increase treatment for users as well as cracking down on traffickers. the northwest university football team losing its bid. they were asking to be considered school employees. that would have given them collective bargaining right, but today the national labor relations board declined to take up the case. in china tonight they're still finding bodies from last week's massive explosions. authorities say more than 100 people have died and dozens are still missing. it happened in the port city of tianjin. there is anger and fear tonight that toxic chemicals from the warehouse are leaking. adrian brown reports. >> reporter: it was orderly, spontaneous, but defiant. a plea, more than a protest. buy back, buy back they chant. they want the government to
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purchase their homes. five days after multiple explosions killed many, emotions remain raw. some are still traumatized. many lived in apartments less than a kilometer from the blast zone and say they had no idea dangerous chemicals like sodium cyanide were stored there. >> we didn't know there was any chemicals and stuff over there. we don't know who to blame, because we didn't know who allowed them to put dangerous stuff around our houses. we're just -- like we have no idea. >> reporter: a gathering of this size would normally make the authorities uneasy. it's quite interesting. you have pla soldiers here, the police and they're allowing this demonstration to take place. it's quite a sizable protest. now, some of the protesters are holding up banners which say things like, we love the party. we support the government, but we want them to buy become our damaged apartments. but some have lost more than
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homes. his father was a dockworker and is missing. >> translator: i don't know whether he's still alive. i have no idea what happened to him. i can't get a hold of him. >> reporter: at the blast site, specialist teams of firefighters appear to have succeeded in bringing most of the smoldering fires under control. on monday journalists were invited by government officials to witness the start of what will be a very long cleanup. those officials continue to insist the air quality outside the affected area is no threat to health. >> translator: results from seven mobile environment and air quality monitoring stations outside the evacuation zone showed no signs of new pollutants. >> reporter: people here say they're not sure who to believe. many of those displaced were migrant workers. some have been returning to what's left of the dormitories to collect anything of use.
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unsure when or if they'll return. inside the exclusion zone a few people remain, oblivious to the health risk preparing, perhaps, for the time when this area will return to normal. a prospect that still seems a very long way off. adrian brown, al jazeera, tianjin. the political future of greek prime minister alexis tsipras is in doubt. it's days after the country's approved the third bailout deal with international creditors. tsipras is considering a confidence vote in light of the backlash over the bailout. if he loses, it could pave the way for early elections. the socialist party and main opposition party say it will not back tsipras if he calls for the confidence vote. brazil's president faced stepped-up pressure to resign and step down. dilma rousseff's approval rating dropped to single digits. thousands took to the streets over the weekend. the protesters want their president impeached. we have the story from rio de
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janei janeiro. >> reporter: out with dilma. out with the workers party they chanted assist the march slowly moved along the beach. the same message resonated in over 100 cities and towns across the country, including the northeast, once considered dilma rousseff's stronghold. the demonstrators' anger was triggered by the peribas corruption scandal. >> they're stealing. they don't have it. they don't have the heart because the corruption is killing millions and millions of brazilian people. >> reporter: here in rio, many were from the middle class that had seen steady growth over the past decade. now it's feeling the pinch of the economic crisis. while the protesters were making
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their voices heard, many more people preferred to spend their sunday on the beach. they shared the same discontent but don't agree with the calls for impeachment. >> there's always been corruption in this country, but they're demonstrating against corruption. they're demonstrating against a party, you know. against this government and the solution is if we have -- if it doesn't exist, all the problems in brazil are solved. >> reporter: many fear that those calls to oust the president will only lead to more instability. no matter how large they are, protests and local popularity rates are not enough to impeach a president in this country. it would require some sort of legal wrongdoing on her behalf during her presidency. so far none of the ongoing investigations have complicated
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her in the many corruption scandals that plague this country. it won't be easy for dilma rousseff. in the coming days she has to pass austerity measures and it won't help her with popular support. paula is the director of the brazil institute for scholars in washington, d.c. mr. soltero, thanks for being with us. will dilma rousseff survive? >> it's difficult to tell right now. she is under pressure. she has lost credibility. she has barely, you know, have any popularity to stand on. the former president, who governed from '95 to 2001 from a party that is an opponent to the workers party of president dilma rousseff and president lula has
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been very careful, actually has told people that dilma rousseff is an honorable person and has a personal reputation of being honest. but the president just today has said that in order to solve this crisis and regain some of the legitimacy that she lost, the president should either recognize that she made grievous mistakes in the management of the country and conducted and put the conduct in this crisis, or she should resign. so this will continue. >> let me ask you this question. she has an approval rating and i'm looking at this number of 7.7%. with that as a backdrop, who is supporting her? >> well, not many people. there are fringes there in the workers party. there is certainly interests in
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certain state governments that would support her, butt it's a very difficult situation and the most dramatic aspect of this, dilma rousseff is a technical notice craft put there by president lula, and there is no prospects for her to be in a position to govern. this is the dilemma in brazil people are facing and they understand there is a crisis of governability. the political parties in brazil including those in a new position. they do not offer a very viable solution for the country. that's where we are. we are stuck. >> is she to blame for the economic problems so many say she's being blamed for? >> she is to blame in large measure because she inherited a
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reasonable situation from president lula. she decided to double down on state intervention in the economy on finding a kind of deep deep deeper protection of the brazilian economy, choosing champions to receive enormous subsidies from government banks and not paying attention to the corruption that was going on. she was the chairperson of the board of petro bras during the whole administration of lula and during her own administration this continued to up ha happen. people blame her for what happened. it is an enormous scandal. the only redeeming value of all of this is that a new generation of judges, prosecutors, federal, police investigators are really going after this. and for the first time you have some hope in that department. >> i've got 20 seconds left. i want to get this in.
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a quick 20 seconds. how big of a black eye is this for brazil now considered on the eve of the olympics? >> i think it's a problem. i think brazil can organize a decent olympics and receive people. >> i'm sorry. >> we are good at throwing a party. but we will offer good olympics there. but it is a very sad moment for the country. >> paolo from the international center center for scholars. thank you very much. spotters have found the debris of that indonesian airliner that crashed on sunday. now the government revealing the plane had $500,000 of cash on board. i'm in india where the government has pledged to construct separate toilets for girls in all government schools. coming up, we see how construction is going and why it's an important issue for girls' education.
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that indonesia plane that crashed yesterday had about a half million dollars in cash on board. it went down in bad weather in the eastern province of papua. the wreckage was spotted from the air on monday. there were 64 passengers on board including four postal workers to deliver bags of money. it was supposed to go to the poor to offset increases to fuel prices. in the off the radar segment tonight, we focus on bathrooms for girls in schools in india.
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nearly half of the country's schools have no toilets for girls and one in four have no rest rooms at all for either sex and caused a lot of women to drop out. last year the prime minister said he would fix the problem. we went to new delhi to see if things have improved. >> they're learning the basic lessons. now these students can also take care of their basic needs at school thanks to this newly built toilet courtesy of the indian government. it doesn't look like much more than a hole in the ground with walls and plumbing, but it's making a world of difference in this school. nahas says the old toilet was unuseable at times, but this is better than the one she has at home. >> translator: the toilet before this didn't always have running water. this one does. the old toilet smelled really bad but not this one. it also has the proper wash basin, unlike the old toilet. >> reporter: school officials say the grant from the government to build a new toilet
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also means students don't skip class. >> translator: girls had to go home to use the toilet before. that's why we needed one here. so they wouldn't have to leave school during the day. girls have really benefitted from this. >> reporter: it's a different story several kilometers away at another school in the same district. here there are separate toilets for girls, but a lack of maintenance make them less than ideal to use. many existing toilets in government schools are in this kind of condition or worse with unreliable plumbing and smelling of sewage. some organizations that for years have built separate toilets for girls say the government's pledge is the right idea but hard to achieve in a year. sanitation experts say another year is needed to ensure no schools are left out and to guarantee the quality of construction. they say the prime minister's support has made a noticeable difference. >> i never saw high officers
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running from this political post for the schools. if you're trying hard to do it at the earliest. studies show female attendance increases at schools with a clean, separate toilet for them. meaning the drive to finish building the rest and maintain them has as much education as it does with sanitation. al jazeera. >> this doctor was an assistant professor at the nyu school of medicine is with us this studio. thanks for being with us. how much of a public health issue are we talking about, this lack of toilets or rest room facilities for girls? >> this is huge. it's not about the convenience
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but the entire system. the plumbing and just this whole method of removing waste, right? so it's hard for us here in this country to imagine, i think, but if you even imagine getting a really diarrhediarrheal illness it takes a month. in india, say you're exposed to bad water, think about how much productivity you lose in terms of your work, right? it's more than just those few weeks. if you can't go to school, how do you get ahead? imagine learning how to read and get the basic skills when you can't attend. >> it's hard to understand and grasp the tremendous social implications from something as simple as not having rest room facilities. >> of course. i think about it in terms of attendance at school and the productivity of what you can learn. we think about the deaths. we don't see that as much here. if you get diarrhea there, over
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half a million people die just year from the illnesses. when you think about kids in terms of brain development and physical development, if you have this type of problem, you might not be getting the nutrients you need. this is a huge problem over there. the fact that they're focusing on kids in school, i think they're looking at other things swg, privacy and maybe jernld, inequality as well as income inequality. it spans across the whole social structure. >> i remember looking at the national institutes of health in this country in the 1980s and realizing most of the research involved men. the fact that most of the rest rooms lacking in india, is that an indication of the degree of sexism we see in the rest of the world? >> it could be. possibly. it's hard to know, because if you think about it just in terms of this country. even if i go to certain parts of the va hospital where i used to work, you see more men's bathrooms than women's. >> they've complained about the same probable inside sports
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stadium in the last two decades. >> it depends on how you want to measure it. for girls in school they have to worry about their menses and other things, so the fact there's no rest room or bathroom there may prevent you from going to school. you add the privacy issues. we hear about people worried about sexual assault and other things. if there's no bathroom and you have to go, what do you do? it might be more of a factor there. it's hard to elaborate or draw too much from it. it's preventing them from getting the most they can out of school. >> this seems to be something simple to fix. people are screaming at the television right now yelling port-a-potties, why can't it be that simple? >> i would hope it would be. with the port-a-potty, you have the actual supply you have to get and the money invested in it. you have to clear it and remove and it think about the campaign to get people to use everything properly the way they're
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supposed to. there's a few different issues. i've seen ideas maybe there's not enough clean water to flush away the waste. maybe that's an issue. you hear about problems in terms of toilets being built, but they're not at the same pace the population is growing. so it's not able to keep up with the growing population. >> thank you very much for being with us tonight. >> nice talking to you. the battle over same-sex marriage in australia is heating up as a renegade legislator tries to force parliament to vote on the issue. from iraq the challenge of getting an education while the world around you is filled with violence and turmoil.
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an american journalist in jail in iran for more than a year will learn his fate this week. he was accused of espionage last year. he denies the charges as does the post. he was tried in secret, and a final hearing was held last week. they say a verdict will be announced by the end of the week. australia's government is forced to consider new legislation that would legalize same-sex marriage. that bill was presented to the house of representatives today by a conservative official. it goes against his party's stance. the government's official position is marriage is between a man and woman. >> this bill does not create different classes of marriage. it does not establish a hierarchy or ranking system putting a marriage between a seam sex couple above that of a heterosexual couple or vice
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versa. it's not complex, mr. speaker, but to give same-sex couples in australia the right to marry the person they love. >> contrary to the government's position, there's a new poll that shows nearly 70% of australians favor legalized same-sex marriage. a look at how news outlets around the world react to various events. the jordan times writing that iraqis should heed the word spoken by the retiring chief of staff last week. it's posted urnd the headline from someone that knows. it says comments about separates iraq were no slip of the tongue, and while the state department believes in an unified attack, they should understand the country is very real. asian news outlets spokes on the speech by japanese prime minister shinzo abe. it marked the 70th anniversary
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of the world war ii. japan must place the rights of people above all. they muss defend the civil rights granted after the war. they became civilians instead of subjects of the emperor. they talk about a temporary occupation of a village in the north. it says it's observed by al shabaab terrorists. the headline antics by terrorists totally embarrassing. the paper writes incursions by al shabaab must be a priority and the kenyan people deserve the same security and protection given to areas frequented by tourists. in iraq more than 3 million people have been driven fl their homes and now the humanitarian crisis there threatens to claim a new casualty, education. we have the report. >> reporter: in a clilt climate that makes concentrating near impossible and handbooks don't distract from the heat, these
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internally displaced iraqi students are doing their best to learn. >> translator: we used to live in our own neighborhoods, and it was like heaven. we went to clean schools and they had proper roofs, but now we're studying here. >> while the boys here worry the world has for her forsaken them, they're determined not to give up on their education. according to unicef there are approximately 850,000 internally displayed school-aged children here in iraq. of that number 650,000 have missed aleast a year worth of classes. that's why schools like this are so important now. he fled anbar province with his family when isil took it over in april. he's just one of the students who has been forced to miss months of school. >> translator: if we were back home, i would wear a proper uniform to school. i wouldn't dress like this. we wouldn't be living now in
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tents. >> or studying in them either. this teacher says the situation is worse than it looks at the idp camp. >> translator: the most basic requirements for classes are not available. we have 90 students and three different classes and only 30 textbooks were distributed. how can you teach 90 students with 30 books? >> reporter: he tells me that ought 20 teachers should be working here now, a lack of funding meant only five make it every day. as his wife teaches english to another group of students in an adjacent tent, she expresses even more concern. >> translator: we feel that this is a crime against those poor children. what did these children do to deserve such harsh conditions? these schools lack the basic requirements to team them adequate adequately. >> reporter: studying english
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they recite numbers written out for them on a whiteboard propped up by cinder blocks. despite support from unicef and other aid groups, 12-year-old mohammed says much, much more is needed. >> translator: it's very, very hot. the electricity comes and then it goes, and sometimes it just doesn't come at all. >> outside the next class queues up and tattered workbooks wither in the sun while mothers bake bread for an encampment where there's far too much hunger and the thirst for knowledge hasn't come close to being quenched. al jazeera, baghdad. >> going green in india. tomorrow night the first airport that will operate entirely on solar power and coming up at 11:00 we have more on that bombing in bangkok. the death toll at 19, dozens more injured.
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>> in 1978, joseph sledge was convicted of murder in north carolina. >> they made me the scapegoat because they had no one to blame. >> at his trial, an fbi scientist testified that hairs found at the crime scene were 'microscopically alike' to joseph's. just months ago, joseph was released from prison, after serving almost forty years behind bars. dna testing had proved the hairs were not his. >> here's ha