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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  August 22, 2015 7:00pm-8:01pm EDT

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/"techknow." follow our contributers this is al jazeera america. i'm rochelle kerry in new york and here are today's top stories. >> i came to see my friends on my first trip in europe and we stopped a terrorist. kind of crazy. >> world praise today for three americans who helped to stop a suspected terrorist attack on a train traveling through france. more than 11,000 firefighters from across the country battle raging west coast wildfires. hundreds are as far assed from
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from -- hundreds are forced from their homes tonight. thousands of democrats turn out in a republican strong hold today, showing support for presidential candidate bernie sanders. plus, a federal crackdown on tenants making too much money and taking advantage of public housing. ♪ >> we begin in france, where three americans are being celebrated for their bravery. two u.s. servicemen and a friend helped overpower a gunman on a train in france yesterday, and today they got congratulatory phone calls from president obama. the president called airmen first class spencer stone, who is from sacramento, california. stone was stabbed when he confronted this gunman. he was released from the hospital today. his friends, national guardsman alex scarlotosis and college
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student were also on the phone call. a british consultant explained how the events unfolded. >> he put up quite a bit of a fight, but spencer stone is a very strong guy. he actually held him very well, and alexander and anthony had a pretty good go at hitting him. in fact, what i did was i helped hold his arms so he couldn't get his gun. >> defense secretary ash carter wanted to thank them. he wanted to thank the two members of the u.s. military who helped forward to prevent an even greater tragedy from taking place. airmen stone and special scarlotos are two reason why on duty and off, is the finest fighting force the world knows. the suspect is a known religious extremist who traveled to syria in the last year. paul brennan has more from
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paris. >> tied up and subdued, mobile phone footage shows the gunman who tried to cause carnage on a french high-speed train. the man had been confronted first by a french passenger. then overpowered by a group of american travelers, including off-duty u.s. military personnel. their friend spencer stone, was injured, though, with cuts to his neck and hand. >> spencer ran a good 10 meters to get to the guy and we didn't know that his gun wasn't working or anything like that. spencer just ran anyway and if anybody would have gotten shot, it would have been spencer for sure. >> yep. >> and we are very lucky that nobody got killed, especially spencer. >> authorities say the swift intervention of those passengers prevented a potential massacre. the gunman was armed with an ak-47 rifle, nine magazines, and a luger pistol with spare bullets and a box cutter blade. >> my thought was i will probably die anyway.
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let's go. i would rather die trying to get him down than simply sit in the corner and be shot. >> he's a 26-year-old morocco man. they created an s file on him, effectively placing him on a watch list. according to the french interior minister, the man is a member of a radical islamic movement. >> to go, with the prime minister and the president, i want to express our gratitude and admiration for the two american passengers who were especially courageous. >> because the gunman boarded the train in brussels, belgian authorities have now also spenced a -- spenced -- commenced a terrorism investigation. the effectiveness of the intelligence services is under scrutiny but also the security of europe's rail network. high-speed rail passengers traveling between france and england must go through stringent security, including baggage x-rays. the reason being, the channel
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tunnel, that 50 kill kilometer stretch underneath the english channel and the risk of a bomb or a gun attack en route but across the rest of the french network, including trains that pass through belgium and amsterdam and the netherlands, there's no such security provisions. there was a memo sent to regional leaders to raise the level of alert around the transport network. in the meantime, the bravery medals have already been awarded to the american and the french passengers who overpowered the man and french president has invited them to the presidential palace in paris. paul brennan, al jazeera, paris. wildfires have been ravaging western states torching more than 1 million acres and forcing thousands to evacuate the area. today some relief in washington state, where winds have calmed, but in northern california, a fire that's burned for weeks is still only 3% contained.
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it is growing. aisha bernard joins us with more on this developing situation. lisa? >> michele, we are in the lake hume christian cams which is really a small village within the national park. there are restaurants and markets and a gas station, and the fire crews are here in numbers. you can see their fire trucks behind me. there are really a lot of resources, right here, to protect this part of the park. it has been evacuated, but, again, lots of resources here. we were on the fire lines, just a little while ago. the crews are trying to contain the fire that has burned 44,000 acres here. they are lighting intentional backfires to create a fire stop with the soon-to-be scorched ground. 1600 fire crews are working on this fire in the beloved sequoia national park. they are putting in long hours with few breaks or days off. one structure has been lost
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here. a tourist lodge has burned to the ground but no injuries. one of those we spoke with on the front lines tells us how stuff it is to fight this -- how tough it is to fight this fire. >> one of the unique challenges with this fire is this really, really rugged terrain. it's some of the toughest, ruggedest terrain in the united states. you are talking about rock walls and overall topography that makes it challenging to get firefighters into. >> in washington state, fires have torched hundreds of thousands of acres of forest land, threatening homes and forcing evacuations. president obama declared an emergency in washington to free up federal resources and unprecedented call went out for volunteers to help the fight. firefighters hope that calmer winds means they can make some progress but it's still a challenge. >> the biggest change from yesterday to today is much
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reduced wind speeds. the temperatures are going to be slightly cooler, but it's still going to be very, very dry. relative humidities in the mid- to upper teens. okay, so there may not be wind but when you get these extremely dry fuels, aligned with slope, and heating from below from the fire, up slope runs are still very, very possible today. it's going to be greatly reduced, in terms of spread rates compared to yesterday. >> back here in sequoia national park, we just in the past half hour have heard the first choppers going up today. they are taking water from lake hume behind me and they are taking it up into the back country where they are dropping it and getting much needed assistance to the fire crews back there. there are so -- 10 helicopters that are up right now. they have to wait until the late afternoon, because they are waiting for the thick smoke to clear before it's safe to
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fly that air support. rochelle. >> thank you so much for that report, lisa benard reporting live from hume lake, california. there's a lot on the table for meteorologist kevin korvo. danny in the atlantic. >> yes, yesterday as we were talking. yesterday was a bad day firewise. today we had a little bit of a break but we do think over the next several days, things are going to get a little bit more critical out here towards the west. of course, we are not talking about any rain in the forecast. it has been dry. we haven't -- we have seen a few thunderstorms pushing through, bringing some lightning. that's what's been kicking off some wildfires earlier in the week but really nothing is out there. to relief in terms of prescription. now the temperatures right now, not looking too bad. like we said, a little bit cooler than average with spokane at 75 and seattle at 77. we still, though, have 9 red flag warnings in effect. this is not as extensive as it was yesterday. we saw red flag warnings all
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across much of the northwest and a little bit more towards east, but we are picking them up towards washington and over towards oregon as well as down here towards wyoming. so we will be watching that very carefully. in terms of air quality, as you can imagine so many wildfires you are burning but the air quality across the region is still very, very bad for many people. so if you do get out there, you need to watch your activity. the temperatures tomorrow, look at this, they do go up. we expect spokane at 87 degrees and those temperatures by wednesday at about 91. now, i want to take you very quickly and show you what's been happening down towards the atlantic. this is hurricane danny, right now a category 1 storm. right before it makes its way into the caribbean, we expect it to drop down into a tropical storm but the track remains consistent across the northern part of the caribbean, over towards parts of the dominican republic to the north and the turks and caicos, but we think
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it will drop down into a tropical depression. we don't expect to see damaging winds across the region. across the knorrern -- northern caribbean, we will get some much needed rain because this area is in a drought. bernie sanders has taken his campaign to south carolina tonight. the democratic presidential candidate with the progressive agenda is drawing pretty big crowds in the traditionally red state. libby carlson is live in south carolina. tell us more about the size of the clouds. we can certainly tell it's a loud group of people. >> rochelle, we are still in the warmup act but you can hear the crowds are already going crazy. senator bernie sanders has been able to fill venues to capacity here in south carolina. last night in columbia, more than 2,000 people turned out. in fact, there were about 700 people more who were in an overflow area. they couldn't even get in but they took around. they had to move the venue in
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charleston to accommodate more people. i spoke to a lot of people here. some are strong sanders, and his pledge not to take money from super pacs and his pledge to fight big business and big politics. we are also hearing from a lot of people who want to hear what their options are. they are curious about his message. they like the idea of having a choice, not just voting for hillary clinton because she has such strong name recognition. the question will be can sanders capitalize on these crowds in a red state, a significant state because south carolina is an early primary state, that will have a big influence in the democratic party nominating process, roselle. >> olivia, of course to win in south carolina, you have to attract the african-american community. what is bernie sanders doing to make that happen?
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>> you absolutely do, and bernie sanders has been criticized to some degree for not making what some say is a direct enough appeal, enough of an outreach to the african-american community. now, bernie sanders says his message, one that he's had for decades should appeal to african-americans, and the people all over the country are talking about racial inequality, talking about at the high rates that incarceration of black men in prison because of things like unfair drug sentences, also talking about an affordable college education. bust critics say they want him to be more specific and more direct. now, last night, in columbia, bernie sanders did go to that direct place. he that you canned about the shooting two months ago here in charleston, in the emanuel a.m.e. church. he talked about how hate groups contract to -- contribute to that. take a listen. >> these are the types of groups that quote/unquote
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educated that sick man who committed the atrocity in charleston. i'm not just talking about those groups. i'm talking about people like sandra bland and michael brown, and walter scott and freddie gray and many, many unarmed african-americans who died at the hands of police officers or in police custody. >> now, bernie sanders did meet with about 50 clergy leaders yesterday, rochelle. a lot of them african-americans. he's trying to take his message directly to them. we'll see how it pays off over the coming weeks. rochelle. >> thank you, libby. now some of the top republican candidates descended on ohio. they are attending -- defending the american dream summit in columbus. ted cruz kicked off the event with an appeal for religious
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freedom. this was after cruz was publicly criticized by ellen page calling the supreme court's decision to legalize same-sex marriage tyranny. rick perry drew big cheers. perry stressed his humble beginnings and what he called his deep rooted conservative beliefs. and senator marco rubio also trailing behind donald trump told the crowd, no matter who wins, he will be happy that it will be the end of president obama's term. senior leaders from north and south korea met today to try to diffuse the latest standoff between the two nations. they came together in the border village of panmunjon to resolve the war of words that escalated earlier this week. we have the latest from seoul, you can south -- seoul, south k. >> in 2013, one set of talks lasted 16 hours and in 2014,
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there was a 13-hour session of talks. obviously there's a good deal to talk about, given how heightened the tensions between these two sides have been in recent days. the kind of rhetoric that we have seen up until this point had north korea calling the south war maniacs and talking about the puppet regime. the north korean state media reports about these talks called the south by the proper name, the republic of south korea. obviously a big shift in tone. there are senior players talking in these discussions. the most senior political member of the north korean military, second only to kim jung il. he's talking to essentially his opposite member, the national security advisor to the president of south korea. both of those gentlemen with extremely close links to their respective leaders of these countries, as well as that the heads of the two government agencies dealing with interkorean talks from both sides of the border.
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however, both sides also have extremely opposed positions. south korea says it will continue its loud speaker broadcasts until and unless north korea admits responsible for land mine blast that maimed two south korean soldiers earlier this month. north korea has said that those loud speakers must end broadcasting and be dismantled. they had been threatening to blow them up. so finding some kind of resolution with those two positions being so opposed will be difficult. >> harry fossett from seoul, south korea. three civilians were killed in an attack in afghanistan. a nato convoy was targeted by a car bomb. jeniffer glasse has more from kabul. >> the car bomb went off at one of the business eest times of the day in the afternoon on a very busy street in a residential area just outside of a hospital, not far from a school at a time when people were leaving work, heading home. the car bomb, while the target was an armored convoy carrying
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civilian contractors for nato, a number of civilian cars, afghan civilian cars were also damaged in that, civilians and those contractors among the dead and more than 100 civilians anywhered that that blast. it comes as afghans are on edged security. very big concern here, just two weeks ago, three blasts, three attacks, in kabul over a 24-hour period killed more than 50 and wounded more than 250. that was the deadliest day in the afghan capital in several years but the security situation remains precarious. the taliban have denied responsibility for this latest attack as they often do, if there are any civilian casualties involved, but a sense of how precarious the situation remains here, afghan police found four rockets, just on the outskirts of kabul province. they say they were destined to be fired into the city and impacted teka province, southeast of which borders with
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pakistan. the mds captured a truck and a driver. that truck laden with 7 tons of explosive materials. so the security services remaining on high alert here, and afghans very concerned about the security situation. >> jeniffer glasse reporting from kabul. >> federal government launches a major effort to evict violators nationwide. and new research, video game violence and a possible link to your child's aggressive behavior. >> most of south louisiana is all sediment, plant growth and decay... there's always a risk of flooding. >> now, new cutting edge technology that could help prevent future disasters... >> the system has really evolved. >> and what it means for new orleans. >> our big take away is new orleans is on a good track, but the job is not done here. >> techknow investigates
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10 years after katrina.
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more than the maximum allowed income. that salary cap varies greatly according to where the tenants live. for example, in new york city, for a family of four, the cap is just below $52,000 a year. but in mississippi, it's $14,500. although many of the over income families exceeded the limit by small amounts, the audit found that about half of those above the cap were above by $10,000 or more. with long waiting lists to get into government housing, h.u.d. is urging local authorities to audit, and remove those who make too much. joining us now from portland, oregon, is kristina rovalli, she wes -- she's with the government accountability. there are some extreme examples. a few families making half a million dollars and still living in government housing. that's not the norm. having said that, put this problem in some sort of perspective for us. >> sure. the audit showed that there
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were over 25,000 families that were above income requirements. and when we look at states like new york, where there are over 300,000 people on a waiting list currently for the h.u.d. program, you know, it really does put it into perspective that these programs and these resources should be saved really for the truly needy and not folks who are making half a million dollars a year as you alluded to in your entry. >> h.u.d. housing authorities said they do not want poverty to be concentrated and government subsidized housing and they want a diverse mixed income communicates. maybe that's why they let some people stay to make more money. is that a valid goal to have a mixed income community? >> well, the goal should be to remove people from poverty and the goal should be to remove people from these welfare programs. we should be really encouraging policies that rise to the level
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of income and then that -- and then they can move off of these government programs but the way that it is now, these public housing tenants, they are not required to resubmit any form of income verification once they are approved. and so this audit shows that there are people who have been on this program since 1974, that are currently making over $200,000 a year, well above the income requirements. so there's no incentive currently at all to move those people off. >> you are saying there should be better policing, better enforcing. not just better enforcing of the policy, you say that the policies themselves are lacking? >> yeah. if you don't have to reapply or sort of get reapproved for these funds, again, these waiting lists are so long, and we have hundreds of thousands of people waiting. that list is only going to get longer. and the longer someone stays on the program, chances are, the more money they will make. the policies should encourage people to move from government
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dependence into their own prosperity. we have people who are subsidizing people who have millions of dollars in assets. i don't think the average taxpayers appreciate that. >> is there just a shortage after forwardable housing in general? >> i don't know that there's a shortage after forwardable housing. i think we can look at ways to improve the system as it is, so that, again, we can audit them. we can make sure that the people that are on the system now are actually eligible. i mean, we have seen this in states like illinois, where we looked at their medicaid system. when they did an audit there, they found over 300,000 people on their medicaid system that weren't eligible and those are resources and funds that are being taken from the truly needy. it's not really a lack of resources in the program. it's that we need to make sure that the resources are going to people who are actually eligible. >> christina roballi with the
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organization of government accountability. >> coming up, a refugee crisis in greece. police use grenades to turn back thousands looking for new homes in europe. plus, a recently passed israeli law becomes the focus of did he bait over the controversial practice used worldwide.
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>> the lifeline of the american west. >> what does this river mean to you? >> the river, to me, means homeland. >> in danger of running dry. >> there'll come a time when we fight over every last drop of water in the river. >> where's the water going? >> i worry about the future generations - what are they going to have? >> faultlines investigates the shrinking colorado river.
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>> no group of people can have their american dream... we have to pay that price. welcome back to al jazeera america. here's a look at your top stories now. president obama personally called three americans heroes today, thanking them for taking down a gunman on a paris-bound train. two of the men responsible spencer stone and alex skarlatos are u.s. service members. the suspect in custody is a 26-year-old moroccan man who was on the radar of spanish authorities. wildfires continue to rage across the drought-plagued west. and wildfires grew by another 100 square miles just yesterday. that is the same fire that claimed the lives of three firefighters of north central washington state. officials are hoping that easing winds predicted for
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saturday will slow further growth of that inferno. a suicide car bomber attacked a nato caravan in afghanistan's capital city on saturday. at least 12 people were killed on saturday, including three u.s. contractors. no group has claimed responsibility and the taliban denies involvement. a major operation is underway in italy to rescue as many as 3,000 migrants in the mediterranean. the italian coast guard is responding to several distress calls, 287 migraines were pulled from a small fishing boat and transferred to a coast guard vessel that brought them to the italian port city of mussina. at the same time, another refugee crisis was playing out across the great macedonian border. again, today macedonian police used stunned grenades to stop thousands of refew -- refugees. the attempt to stem the flow was not entirely successful. >> 48 hours after macedonia
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closed its border to refugees, they made a run for it. they didn't come this far to be held back. >> hundreds do get through. sprinting across open fields, as armed police units fire percussion grenades in. this case, directly at a mother and her two children. until thursday, this was an invisible open border, railway tracks leading from greece through macedonia towards serbia, the ex -- e.u. and germany beyond. and now they have no idea why they are being treated this way. >> i'm not a tourist. this is not tourists. this is not terrorists.
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where's the humanity? where is the world to see us. look, everyone here, they are families. we don't need anything just to cross. i want to cross to germany. >> among them are some who have been sent back from macedonia, alleging harsh treatment by the local police. >> you say that the police in macedonia were hitting you? >> okay, see? can you see? can see? can see? can see? okay. see? see here? >> in is foolish. >> and this is the police in macedonia? >> yes! >> the same mother and her daughters are trapped and terrified. >> what has happened you to? tell us. >> family. family. [ crying ] >> your family got across and you are stuck here? >> she begs to be allowed to cross.
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we just heard the sound of small arms fire going up above the heads of these people, hidden in pushes alongside a field trying to get into macedonia. they have tape staggering risks to get this far. they have traveled the sea in plastic dingies. they crossed multiple borders on foot. they have didn't expect to be confronted by violence from armed police. the european union has so far shown its complete inability to deal with this vast movement of refugees and the macedonians seem to be no better. as night fell, it was clear the police couldn't stop them. so they stopped trying. for now this route is open again. jonah hall, al jazeera on the border between greece and macedonia. in southern england, a dramatic scene at the shoreham air show. a military jet just began its display when it crashed into a busy main road. you can see the moment of
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impact as the fireball erupted followed by a huge plume of black smoke. seven people died and one person is still in the hospital with life threatening injuries. several more people were treated for minor injuries. on thursday, palestinian mohammad allen held without charges by israel ended a 66-day hunger strike in which you lost consciousness and suffered brain damage. in july, israel's parliament passed a law requiring officials to force feed prisoners who refused to eat. however, human rights activists, as well as israeli doctors say force feeding is unethical and is a form of torture. the controversial practice has been used at guantanamo bay by u.s. officials against hunger striking prisoners. allen has been released from official detention and is in a hospital in israel. but serious questions remain about the ethics of force feeding. joining us now, suzanna
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serkin, with physicians for human rights and we appreciate you joining us. so this week, the chairman of the israeli medical association is joining, of course, many other medical professionals who say that force feeding hunger striking prisoners is a form of torture. do you agree? >> absolutely. and so do all major medical associations in many countries. the world medical association, the american medical association, as well as nurses associations are absolutely in agreement that force feeding a detainee or a prisoner who is on a hunger strike and chooses not to take nutrition is an intervention that is inhuman and degrading treatment and almost always amounts to torture. >> so in your opinion, is it a mill act or a medical act when you force feed a prisoner? >> well, when the force feeding is being carried out by doctors or nurses who are required to
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do this by a law, such as the one that the israeli parliament has passed, and the intent of the law as we assess it is to stop a protest rather than really to save a life. certainly one can think of it as a political act, but it is a medical procedure, and it is a medical procedure that is only allowed when someone agrees with the full, informed consent. like any other medical procedure, to accept such intervention. >> so what is a doctor to do? because as you said, the world medical association forbids doctors from taking part in force feeding. what is a medical professional to do. >> well, nasiriyah -- as in israel, all medical professions refuse to participate in this procedure and no one force fed the prisoner, until actually he
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went into a coma and since he had not signed a document saying do not intervene if i'm unconscious, he was treated, but not in the form of forced feeding against his will, as we have seen in guantanamo, with many detainees where they have been strapped to a chair and a rubber or plastic tube is inserted through the nose or mouth into the stomach with great pain and medical danger. and so doctors are supposed to refuse to participate in such a violation of medical ethics and it's been very interesting to see that across israeli society, medical doctors have refused against their government's wishes to participate in force feeding, especially this palestinian detainee. >> okay, thank you so much for your insight. we appreciate it. >> you're welcome. >> tomorrow marks ten years since hurricane katrina formed in the caribbean. a week later, it would leave
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new orleans in ruins. today the government there is claiming wide spread success in rebuilding the city. as jonathan martin discovered, many residents feel like they have been left behind. >> even ten years later, abandoned homes and overgrown lots are easy to spot across new orleans. the all-out war on blight is working, cleaning up the most visible scars from the storm. >> we have taken blight down. we created blight stat which is a public forum for citizens to come to. >> following katrina, city leaders systemed there was more than 45,000 blighted properties in new orleans. in the past five years, they said that's been reduced by more than 10,000. some were torn down by the city, but much of the change came from neighbors and nonprofits renovating and rebuilding. that was the case in the city's jen tilley neighborhood, where flood water reached the roofs and most homes were lost. >> this neighborhood requires
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you to do something. we have a neighborhood association. and they are not going to let you just stand by and not do anything. to keep their lives -- >> but a couple of miles away, some of jocelyn evans' neighbors never came back. >> it looks like a jungle. >> for several years carl edgefield has been fighting to get this home next to his torn down. >> i went to city hall last year five times in a row. >> the city website tracks status some of properties shows the long history of violations again the home. the property is now in the abatement phase, meaning it could soon be demolished. >> it's in their eyes. it's in their face. >> councilwoman latoya cantrell cosponsored several ordinances to make things easier for people like carl, including one that allows the city cut grass on private property and tack the cost on to the property owner's tax bill. they expedited the hearing process. still cantrell says new orleans lacks an overall strategy. >> you focus on bright --
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blight that's around these invest. s hasn't then drill down on those properties and you create a tip and you move from there on out. >> even now, it's not fully clear how many blighted propertied there are. the city largely bases its progress on a study led by peter cronky at at the universiy of new orleans. he admits even his findings don't paint a full picture. >> it's understandable that some people would look at the overall statistics and don't feel that it applies to the neighborhood. frankly, some neighborhoods are worse than the overall statistic. >> some would argue that it's unfair to say that we reduced blight by x number of homes, 10,000 homes or 20,000 homes when there's no accurate, complete list of those homes. >> well, i don't -- people can say whatever they want. i don't think that there's any doubt that we have moved the ball in the right direction. >> but for carl edgefield, it's not moving fast enough. >> jonathan martin, al jazeera,
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new orleans. you can watch the entire documentary "only new orleans" tomorrow night at 10 p.m. eastern on al jazeera america. coming up, new research taking a look at the violence and the video games. >> there's proof that it can affect your child's behavior. >> up next, dr. sherry handy helped to write the report. she says the evidence can be seen, even in her own kids.
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>> this was the worst civil
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engineering di
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>> the video game industry is the focus of new research on violence. the report from the america psychological association found evidence that playing video games has an effect on aggression. this a review of 100 violent video game studies. the industry has fought legislation trying to prevent the sale of violent video games to kids. >> being that it's self-policing, i tell my employees that they should not
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sell to minors, and i do it myself. >> the video game industry, of course, is big business, taking in over $90 billion every year. that's more money than the movie and the music industry combined. joining us from nashville is sherry hamby of american psychological association where she edits their journal "psychology of violence." why do you think there's a link between violent behavior and violent video games. >> yes, yes we do. we found a consistent link across a number of psychological studies and they all point to a link between exposure to violent video games and aggressive behavior. >> how much exposure? >> well, you know, remarkably, there are some studies that show that you can detect increases in aggression after as little as 20 or 30 minutes of playing violent video games, but there were a number of studies that looked at the dose
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as you might call it, and there was definitely a pattern across those studies, the majority of those studies showing that more and more you play, the more and more aggressive you are likely to become. >> and aggression meaning what? >> well, so that's a good question. so aggression, most of these studies look at relatively minor forms of aggression, bullying, playground violence, sometimes in the laboratory, you know, using just sort of aggressive behavior and what is safe to do in a laboratory situation. there hasn't been as much research on serious criminal behavior. that's harder to study with groups of children in the community because there's just not that many children involved in serious criminal behavior. so that's still an open question about what the link is to the really serious forms of violence. >> and often people do try to make that connection and you are here saying that we don't know that there is that connection. >> people do make that -- try
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to make that connection, and it certainly is consistent with the theory and the research, but there's just not enough hard data to absolutely draw that conclusion definitively. >> is this a distinctly american thing that you are seeing? what role does culture play in this? because video games are popular, really acrosses the world. is this aggression that we see in person culture and american kids or other kids as well? >> it happens across settings. it is certainly true that there are a number of factors that determine whether any child or adolescent or young adult will be violent, but there have been a lot of studies in european countries, especially in the scandinavian countries, there's a large research effort in this area there. have been studies in japan. there have been studies in quite a range of countries and they do all consistently show the link. there hasn't been any country that seems to be an exception to that rule. >> okay. so is there any amount of these games that have some violence
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in them that is okay for a child to play and they won't be affected? >> well, that is as a mother of a 12-year-old son, a question that i try to answer for myself too. it's a very tough question. he asks for access to all kinds of games all the time. as a mother, we don't let him play the most violent games and i would really caution parents against letting your children play the most violent games that are really rated mature, but even for some of the less violent ones we try to limit his exposure to that. we are recommending that parents really use caution in letting their children have access to these type of content. >> sherry hamby, thank you very much. >> thank you. in cuba, one of the goals of 1959 revolution was to establish social equality between races and sexes, but some afro-cubans worry that
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they will miss out on one of the biggest transitions in decades. >> this man has lived along the rio his entire life. he tells us that before the revolution, this area, known as little swamp was a docking point for boats belonging to dictator batista and his government. those were the days of haves and the have nots. the revolution was supposed to change all of that, but in the little swam, it never quite succeeded. >> the revolution game but we have nothing. >> this is the havana most visitors do not see. people here tell us that for years, the government promised to improve the neighborhood, but help never came and one thing you noticed in the little swamp is how predominant afro huff cuban it is. >> just because we live here, a marginalized area, doesn't mean
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that we are criminals or anything. we are normal folks, forgotten by the system, the government, but human beings nonetheless. >> one of the things that the cuban revolution has done, with cuba's economic reforms there will be more people getting rich and others poor. it's a socialist society, and all cubans are equal, but some appear more equal than others. the economy is now split into two parts, one for private enterprise, such as the restaurant business, and the other economy is still dependent on the state. white cubans with the miami connection, people who receive remittances have become the main beneficiaries of this new economy. >> our society is multicolored and multiracial under them. >> this is a leading authority on race. >> in the united states, racism
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is obvious. it's out there. white and black. but here, it's not. here it's not white and black. it's hidden. it's in people's attitudes and it's hidden. that's the truth. that's how it is. >> in cuban, one of the places where afro-cubans see better representation is in music performance. >> this is the foundation of cuban culture and music. the african component is the foundation, the source of the distinct rhythms. >> but this drummer and drum maker believes that not only is there equality, afro-cuban culture reigns. >> you will have no look for white cubans because this is a black country. ha! here, if you don't hail from the congo, you hail from the caribbean. >> and, indeed, some such as
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lazaro robellis. >> is there is not a a white mechanic. it's just a mechanic. the benefits of economic liberalization currently concentrated in the tourism industry will leave those without connections behind. >> he doesn't see how his job as a fisherman could possibly benefit in this brave new world. a supposedly classless society, already producing winners and losers. >> only the state can judge who can have more and who can have less, because there are social differences. >> it's heady days for cuba but away from the city hustle our neighborhoods are disconnected from the dream. skim the surface and you will find discontent and unease about the future and questions about whether change and help will really finally come. melissa chan, al jazeera, havana. >> antonio morea. will host a
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special report on life in cuba and how relations with the u.s. could impact the citizens. u.s. and cuba, a new era airs tomorrow at 9:00 eastern. joe walters has a look at what's coming up in our next hour. >> the train was headed down the tracks in belgium. on board, american heroes racing to stop a man from going on a killing spree. you will hear more of their story tonight. also two women graduating from that intense army ranger training but they can't go to war. tonight, we will take a deeper look at the issue of women in combat. and a times square controversy. topless performers from the mayor fuming. he's even talking about ripping out multimillion dollars plaza that attracts thousands of tourists. a waste of money or badly needed solution, just some of the needed solutions ahead. >> interesting video. >> possibly. all right. he was one of the most famous russian revolutionary. the home of leon trotsky is up
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for sale. it comes with a caveat that may scare off some buyers. that's next. ext.
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joyful panda news from washington's national zoo. mesang gave birth to a cub two hours ago. you can see the 17-year-old mother on the zoo's panda cam licking the newborn shortly after birth this is her third cub. the oldest is now 10 years old and her second cub turns 2 tomorrow. i think she's pretty exhausted. tonight we revisit the life that leon trotsky lived in exile, banished by joseph stalin. he was later assassinated in mexico. now one of his former homes is
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for sale. it comes with a caveat. >> surrounded by the mansions of capitalists, is the home of one of communisms great revolutionaries. exiled from the soviet union, leon trotsky arrived here in 1929. this home on an island near istanbul is up for sale for $4.4 million. whoever buys this prime real estate won't be able to use it as a private home. the owners wanted to restore the house as a private residence, but four years ago it was designated a public cultural facility. and perhaps the culture ministry could buy it, but it's a difficult restoration for whoever takes it on. >> the restoration would cost about $1 million. he chose this place because it gave him a sense of security
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from the assassins he knew moscow was sending. he spent four years in turkey before traveling further through europe and on into mexico. it was there trotsky was murdered with an ice pick on stalin's orders. this is an historian, a trotsky expert and follower. >> trotsky wasn't the kind of person to get sad. we should be upset said the state of this beautiful mansion. trotsky did consider coming back in a letter to turkish authorities. he said upon my return. i'm sure if he did come back and saw it in this state he would be saddened. >> it has changed little since trotsky has been here. cars are banned but elsewhere in the world, life has moved on. like the political philosophy he championed trotsky's house could soon just disappear. bernard smith, al jazeera,
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istanbul. >> and rochelle carey, new york. york. >> this is al jazeera america, i'm del walters. three americans who stopped a suspected terrorist attack in europe. they even got a call from president obama. wildfires continue across the midwest and west. they get little help. >> i can't do it together. >> bernie sanders rallies supporters in the gop of south carolina. two women pass the army ranger training course, but not allowed to fight in combat zone. we take a


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