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tv   Listening Post  Al Jazeera  August 23, 2015 1:30pm-2:01pm EDT

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kristen saloomey, al jazerra, new york. presents more stories for you in our strurl space, the al jazerra website. details there, of course, of the streams of refugees flowing in to macedonia from grease, hello, i'm richard gizbert, and you are at "the listening post". here are some of the media stories, another country paces an anti-terrorism law that has implications for journalism. this time it's egypt.
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a journalist shot dead in south sudan, days after the president put the media on notice. how do reporters covering organised crime deal with the mafia code of silence, and a bag's eye view at a site of air travel that you never see. we begin with egypt. a country where journalism has been under the gun. and an ain terror law has reporters warning that darker says lie ahead. this week abdul fatah al-sisi ratified the law. it's a wide-ranging piece of legislation from death sentences from those so-called terror organizations, special courts mandated to fast-track cases against militants. it stipulates stiff fines for anyone that strays from the government's version of the truth. creating a website that the government teems to spread time.
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>> when it comes to the domestic news media, it may not be necessary. criminal call journalism was silenced long ago. what remains is reporters and news outlets that bought into the abdul fatah al-sisi government line and report what they are told. our starting point is a city that we as al jazeera are unable to get into. our journalists remain on trial there. the egyptian capital, cairo among the relevant clauses in egypt's new anti-terror law, article 29 - anyone that creates or uses a website for promoting ideas tore ideologies that insight committing terrorism acts, a minimum of five years police station. article 31:
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>> where this affects the media the most, and most directly is with respect to the article on false news. the new legislation criminalizes the publication or broadcasting of false news. what is problematic from a journalistic perspective is how false news is defined. >> if you public numbers that are different to the official numbers given by the military in a combat situation or terrorist incident, a journalist can be fined up to half a million egyptian pounds and be suspended for a year from his job. this will deter journalists from publishing something that does line. >> when the law was articulated
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in july, a military spokesperson said that egypt is waging a 2-pronged war, one is a war on terror, and the second is a war on foreign journalists setting out to defame the nature of egyptian state. >> in justifying the law, president abdul fatah al-sisi referred to two attacks and the way they were covered. the assassination of egypt's prosecutor general in cairo, and a series of bombings by mill fantastic in northern sinai. of the two, the coverage of the contentious. >> the important part was how the stories were reported. cited sources say high numbers much people died. >> that was a big problem with the government. their story was different. government sources said they were in the 20s, 30s, whatever
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the number was, and this created the controversy about how many people died. the government decided to have the fact check committee that works with the state, and also added to that, the new article and the new law. >> so this alleged act of disobedience by the press was not really an act of disobedience, that discrepancy, that's why the government said we will no longer tolerate a disagreement and the sources being cited were anonymous sources from within the egyptian security forces. so for an anonymous government source, an expert, eyewitness on the ground, they can be punished as a result of anti-terror legislation, and the anti-press environment is highly legislation. >> which begs the question, why the need for the new law
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affecting journalism in a country where journalism is under siege. egypt disoont require a law to prosecute three al jazeera journalists who remained on trial despite the hashtag free al jazeera journalists. nor other journalists whose cases were not as well publicised but every bit as puzzling. >> the 19 other journalists - no one talks about who they are, why they are there or what is happening to them. there's not a hashtag campaign for the photo journalist arrested for reporting on the sit ins in the square in 2013. there's not a hashtag for journalists who work for egyptian papers, and resign because they no longer wanted to continue the state narrative, egypt. and often are attacked for being
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spies or condue ants of other regimes. it's very, very difficult to be a journalist in egypt. you can be taken at any point at any time. nothing related to the false news. it's an affiliation with a terrorist group, putting them in a different category than being charged as a journalist this is the coverage that the government likes to see. unquestioning. just trier to this month's unveiling of the suez canal, an $8.5 billion, the military put together a video that news outlets ran, uncritically. then came the newspapers. the miracle said one, thank god. we approached multiple outlets, as with respect as the embassy in london and state information
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service, none agreed to talk. less than five years ago egyptian media outlets were different. many fought for their freedoms, on the vanguard of what looked like a brand new way of journalism. those days are gone. >> the regime wants to control it and does not wants any dissent in the state narrative or political narrative or social narrative or a mistake that they blif hosni mubarak has done. he allowed a marginal freedom from media outlets, and did not appoint social media outlets like facebook and twitter. the reaction is to find a way to control the narrative and control dissent, so that something like january 2011 does not happen again. >> during hosni mubarak, we couldn't criticise the
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government, touch him or his family. we could criticize the government. right now, we can't criticise the government, or the minister of electricity for not, you know, providing the service. we have reached the point. we can't even. journalists can't bring the stuff up. we can't speck about thinks any more. not even the daily struggles of an average egyptian on the download this week, our viewers on egypt's anti-terror law and the state of journalism there. >> the regime worked hard to creating an atmosphere in which you celebrate uncritically the policies of his regime or you are deemed an enemy of the state and lumped in with criminals and terrorists. the anti-terrorism law gives them greater latitude and dicot my. >> as a journalist myself, we face issues from the government, and the people themselves.
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people refuse to see harsh realities and wants to see things in the rhetoric that they believe or they want, and the suez canal coverage shows that. >> al jazeera america primetime. get the real news you've been looking for. at 7:00, a thorough wrap-up of the day's events. then at 8:00, john seigenthaler digs deeper into the stories of the day. and at 9:00, get a global perspective. weeknights, on al jazeera america.
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>> this was the worst civil engineering disaster in the history of the united states. >> 10 years after hurricane katrina. >> it was like a nuclear bomb had gone off - everything smelt like dead bodies. >> one constant. >> music has been the essence of this city. >> inspires a community to rebuild its city. >> we gonna bring this city back one note at a time. >> and overcome hard times in the big easy. >> we are bigger, we're better, we're stronger. >> on al jazeera america, >>'s a vital part of who we are... >>they had some dynamic fire behavior... >> and what we do... don't try this at home! >> tech know, where technology meets humanity... only on al jazeera america other stories on the radar. a reporter murdered in south
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sudan, days after the president made threatening comments against journalists suggesting they could be killed for reporting against the country. peter julius moi was shot dead in juba, his colleagues called it a targeted killing. there's no evidence linking the shooting to what president salva kiir said on august 16th when, having been stung by criticism for refusing to sign a peace agreement he told reporters: bsh bsh there was no immediate response to the subsequent shooting from the authorities. south sudan has been in a state of civil war for 18 months. earlier this month the government shutdown three newspapers, the arabic paper, and an english paper. a british citizen of bangladesh origin has been accused of planning murders.
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he was arrested on august 17th, alleging he was behind the killings of two of the four bloggers killed in the capital. two others are accused of working for a team, an al qaeda-inspired radical organization banned. in a separate case, an atheist blogger was hacked to death by six assailants on august 7th, and two members were arrested. 17 journalists have been murdered in bangladesh since 1992, and despite the promises to break the cycle of impunity, most have gone unsolved news channels got the content on the cheap. big money was made and audiences thought they were watching news. only it was propaganda. britain's broadcasting regulator, says bbc and others
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broke the rules on sponsorship, airing programs funded by foreign governments, charities and nco, av come found bbc world and others paid as much as £1 fewer leaders of the former egyptian president and another. both linked to a company in britain. it was broken by the independent newspaper saying spc media was spade $17 million for media. the bbc apologise the for the prab in 2012, and cnn accepts that a small portion of sponsored content fell under what is characterised as current affairs, which may not be sponsored. with an estimated turn over of 150 billion, it represents one of the biggest besides.
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under the rup, the code of silence and bad press can be bad for business. the regional branches, and recently capital mafia in rome work hard to prevent looking into their affairs. cold-blooded murders of prying journalists are a thing of the past. but threats and intimidation is a problem. many accept that living in fear comes with the territory. since the media in italy covers the story only when there's major arrests or big names, most of the investigative work is left to local reporters, with little reach, tiny budgets and no protection. making it easier for the mafia to infiltrate the media. "the listening post" on the troubled relationship between the mafia and
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italian media. >> reporter: if you are a journalist in italy, no matter what beat you cover, if you do it for long enough, there's a chance you encounter organised crime, the mafia. then it's decision time. you can steer clear of the story or prepare for what is to come. your home can be firebombed, or your car. mailbox. over the past five years alone, 2,000 journalists say they have been threatened. thousands of them live like protection. >> when you live with the mafia, you get to know its language. first, they send you a signal, telling you to be careful. that they are upset. friends are unhappy with what you are writing. you can find a dead animal outside your house, or they can break into your house, and make
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you understand that you can come and go. who can live with it. they move on to other methods. >> translation: some years back the police commissioner got in touch with me. a mafia informer had been arrested and claimed various mafia bosses decided to kill me. this was 2008/2009. i have been under police protection for seven or eight years. i have to say, it's not easy. obviously we accept it for the sake of our work. the latest threats came last december when we found my dags. >> the mafia doesn't like media coverage, and likes it less when it hits the headlines. up until 2009, there was a report on the sicilian mafia for the newsagency and the newspaper.
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they exposed links between politicians and the boss or bosses. those that are serving multiple life sentences. he was publicly threatened buy mobsters and moved to roam. there working for national news magazine, he broke the story on what is caused the mafia. >> they had links to politicians, and we established their names, their pictures. that is the thing that hurts more. that is what they want to put a stop to. there's no other newspaper. we were left on our own. >> solely. >> translation: we have a self-censorship problem, the majority have responded with professional dignity. i'm thinking about journalists from newspapers that are well resourced and high approach.
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i'm talking about local, small-town journalists, reporters from villages and calabria and sicily. people under 30 earning money per article. >> reporter: the mafia was born in sicily before spreading to the mainland and abroad. the geography of this story affects how it is reported. the divide in the north and south in italy has been a feature since reunification, a century and a half ago. the main stream media is not based in the south, but north. in rome and milan. where the money is and the power lies. best reflected in the coverage in the south, and the mafia story in particular. it means the work of local outlets is more relevant. this is a small family run tv station based west of pal ermio. known
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for reporting, it's various bull tins attract up to 150,000 viewers. big numbers for a local news market. >> good journalism has to cut deep. it's indispensable to the community. it's a reference point for the public. in is just the way it should be. after all, we are stating the facts. you get to know a place, and you write about it. ordinary people whose job it is to report what is going on. which is what every journalist should do. >> the main stream media's regional coverage is limited in the south, apart from a few major titles. today the south accounts for half of the territory, but only a third of the population, so the broadsheets will send
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correspondents only when something happens, rather than doing it before the event and getting them to investigate. >> reporter: various mafia groups have been known to infiltrate the media and spin their own stories for links with publishers, corrupt journalists and ownership. in cappania and the early 2000 a journalist was fired from a newspaper on the orders of a local boss. further north, tv journalist was arrested in january 2015 for colluding with the mafia. >> in italy certain newspapers are owned. by businessmen with close ties to the mafia. they make use of the tv station or newspapers to broadcast the news. covering issues that are of
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interest to mafia or attacking people. magistrates or investigators. >> the mafia operates through sophisticated means. before it would have preferred things to remain climate. now we understand that it's important to diversify the message. so the approach is to spin the story. feeding a line that will serve as a cover for the one you wish to remain hidden. weapons of mass distraction, as some put it. >> translation: this affects major publishing houses where, at times, they are obliged to strike pacts with local mafia groups. this means what is published suffers from a lack of reporting about anything connected to mafia activities, cases like that of the publisher in charge of sicily's newspaper,
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investigated for criminal association with the mafia. institutions that endure learn to evolve, adapt to changing times, and these days italian mafia is likely to plant stories, than flex its muscles. they are more likely to nahha tifs than attacking the messenger. they moved behind the hard and fast code of silence, and towards a subtle media strategy. and in that respect, they are not unlike the government, the church and the other italian institutions with whom they share power the italian main stream news media tend to cover mafia stories when there's a big arrest or trial or a number of al-tern tifrs online.
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run by an investigative reporter claudio, it is a local online newspaper based in calabria in southern industry. thanks to his work he was appointed as a consultant to an anti-mafia commission in rome. stampo anti--mavyoso investigates activities in the north. a reporter is esther. working for a local newspaper, investigations prompted the judiciary to dissolve the city council over its mafia links. beyond italy there's a nonprofit investigative reporting organization based in germany. the blog available in italian and german reports on call groups with an approach global and local. in cooperation with other groups.
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>> katrina was really a
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wake-up call.
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finally, you know the feeling - you have just checked in for your flight and watch as your precious peace of luggage heads down the conveyor belt, fearing that you'll never see it again. ever wondered what your luggage goes through. if you fly out of amsterdam international airport it's in for a ride. the team attached a camera to a piece of luggage. it has an advanced system. the resulting clip looks like a cross between a video game and roller-coaster. a commenter suggested a theme park should build a ride calling it airport ride. it's approaching a million hits on youtube.
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>> the whole neighborhood was under 20 feet of water. >> a decade after hurricane katrina, soledad o'brien investigates new orleans divided recovery. >> white home owners and black home owners had a very large gap. >> the residents forced to flee. >> escorted onto a plane by gun point without someone telling me where i'm going. >> and the city's future. >> why should a business come here when this neglect has been allowed to go on? >> an america tonight special, katrina: after the storm.
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this is al jazerra. ♪ ♪ hello, i am lauren taylor this is the news hour live from london. coming up. >> we are human beings. >> that's enough. >> thousands of refugees are one step closer to europe after storming past officials trying to stop them entering macedonia from greece. plus out on the streets of beirut, thousands of are protesting against the government they say doesn't wo work. hundreds of thought to be trapped under rubble after more shelling this


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