eight south african police officers are found guilty of murdering a man who was handcuffed to a van and dragged behind it. ♪ hello this is al jazeera live from doha, i'm adrian finighan, also on the program, the united nations calls on europe to come together in the face of a refugee crisis. china cuts interest rates in the latest stimulus measure as it battles a major drop in share prices. and we're in somalia where refugees are struggling to adjust to a new life after years
living in neighboring kenya. ♪ eight police officers have been found guilty of the murder of a taxi driver in south africa in 2013. the 27 year old from mozambique was videoed struggling with police who tied him to the back of a van and tied him behind it. he was accused of parking illegally. let's take you live to tania page. tell us about what the judge had to say while delivering his verdict. some pretty harsh words for the convicted. >> reporter: yes, they were. i have been covering court cases for many years and i don't think i have ever heard a judge use such strong language. he releetedly called these
police officers liars. he said he lied about their defense that he had assaulted one of the police officers, that the crowd was violent and threatening their lives. he said police lied about handcuffing him? that they should have known that in doing so, he would have been dragged and seriously injured. very damming words from the judge there. he also of course as well as that really dramatic mow bell phone video, and relied on the pathology. saying that he was assaulted in the police cell, kicked while he was down in the back, the head, and the genitals. >> how rare is it in south africa for police to have been held to account like this? >> reporter: i think in the last few years it has been very rare as far as the south african
public is concerned. it was six months shot dead 34 striking minors and no one has been charged. and another individual a verdict came in for him and police officers were acquitted of i killing him, and that incident also caught on camera, he was shot in the chest by police using rubber bullets. i think there's a general sense of relief and some confidence restored in the south african justice system. the united nations high commission on refugees has called for europe to come together to solve the refugee crisis. she said that up to 3,000 refugees are expected each day alone in macedonia, and the influx of people will continue for months.
andrew simmons have the latest from serbia now. >> reporter: this is described as a one-stop center, the entrance into serbia for these people. more than 10,000 passing through here in less than five days. they are intent on getting to hungary, an e.u.-member state that has registered 100,000 people so far this year. that's more than double the entire amount for 2014. the crisis is getting deeper all the time. this is the biggest refugee crisis since the second world war. germany is really concerned about the situation, predicting 800,000 asylum applications will be made in one year alone. the politicians are trying to reach some sort of coordinated approach, but they have failed so far, there's no doubt about that. the next step in the diplomatic wrinkle will be the west bakken
summit where they will try to get an agreement. hungary wants more money there, and there will be very hard talking. the red cross is suspending aid operations in aden after an attack on its personnel there. all local and foreign staff are being withdrawn. it says it hopes to resume operations if the security situation improves. the city has been under pro-government control since july. three saudi voerlsd been killed along the border with yemen. a guard post came under artillery fire from houthi rebels. more than 50 people, mainly soldiers have been killed along that border since the conflict began many march. south sudan's president has agreed to sign a peace deal and power-sharing accord. but it's not known when he will put pen to paper.
his rival signed the agreement last monday agreeing to end the war. more now on our correspondent who has been speaking to the spokesperson and has the latest from juba. >> reporter: this is a very comprehensive document, the product of months and months of negotiations and it includes details such as what will be the makeup of a transitional government of national unity. the president would remain as the president, but his former vice president, now leader of the opposition would be returned into his new post of first vice president. there's a time line laid out for elections, a mechanism of monitoring a ceasefire, how humanitarian assistance would play out, and how they might go about rebuilding south sudan. the demilitarization of the capitol city is difficult. the president still has some
reservations about this document. we understand earlier in the day that heads of state would arrive on wednesday, and this deal would be signed. now we're hearing it is going to be more of a negotiation, and even if the document was signed tomorrow, it's important to remember the rebel leader's leading commanders have said they wouldn't stop fighting even if the deal is signed. so there is calls for caution optimism, but there is by no means a done deal. china has cut interest rates again in an effort to bolster its faltering economy. many people who bought shares with their life savings are worried about losing everything. adrian brown reports now from beijing. >> reporter: this person is struggling to understand what is happening to china's economy. all he knows is that his shares are now worth 70% less than what they were two months ago.
he sells eggs at a market in east beijing. he tells me he invested $20,000, all of his savings, but he remains hopeful about a recovery. >> translator: i already put all of my savings into the stock market. what i can do now is wait for the index to come back. i won't buy or sell at this stage, just keep watching it. >> reporter: he's story is now being replicated in many places across china. when it comes to making investments the options for most chinese are pretty limited. property and shares. the problem now though is that the prices of both are falling. a falling stock market and economy that's slowing. the owner of this restaurant, says his takings are half what they were in june, when the stock market began to fall. he says the land lord won reduce the rent, so he's closing next month. >> translator: my business not doing well, mainly because the
stock market is falling. many companies in this area have gone bankrupt. >> it is an anxious time, and not everyone wants to talk. many people blame foreigners for manipulating china as stock market. this trading room is popular with penningers who were encouraged by the government to buy shares. >> i don't even bare to calculate how much i lost. the market keeps falling. yesterday i lost 10%. today another 10%. i don't know when this could end. >> reporter: the stock market is a sensitive issue now, and these people know it. officials demanded to see our pictures, ordering us to defeat several images before they returned our identity cards. when this man ball game president he unveiled his vision, he called it the china dream. it means making china more rich and powerful. some still believe there will happen. >> translator: the china dream
is our goal. that goal will be definitely achieved. if not, our country will go backwards. people's lives are still getting better day by day. >> reporter: china's leadership has engineered recovery before, and for people it governs still have faith it will do so again. adrian brown, al jazeera, beijing. they used to say when america sneezed the rest of the world caught a cold, that's the fear now with china. one country looking on nervously is australia. australian exports were worth $65 billion last year. $42 billion was iron ore and coal. but has china's economy slows down, so does demand for these materials, and prices are tumbling. four years ago, iron ore peaked at $200 a ton, now it's just
$52. and the price of coal has halved in that time to just under $60 a ton. andrew thomas reports from singleton in new south whales. >> until recently, australia's economy was known as the wonder down under. that's changed. commodity prices have collapsed, hitting australia hard. the downturn is felt in towns like singleton where restaurants have closed, rents and house prices are down, and shops are empty. car dealer fred is still in business, but has seen a 30% drop in sales and has been laying off staff. >> it is a real belt tightening time for us. we're down to 25, 30 people to keep the business -- keep the business afloat. >> reporter: the reason is that singleton's economy is tied into the coal industry, and the price of coal has tumbled, down by more than half in four years.
this is the hunter valley, north of sydney, australia's main coal-mining region. a few years ago it was booming. no longer. existing mines are cutting back on production. thousands are seeing cuts to their wages or losing their jobs entirely. coal is australia's second biggest expert. the biggest iron ore used to make steel has seen its price collapse even more, and other commodity prices are down too. until earlier this year, robert was being flown to remote copper mines every two yeek -- weeks where he was repairing machinery. he was told he lost his job by text message. >> my family was shocked. we're on a single income, i'm looking for work again on job site and all of the rest of it, very hard.
>> most economists don't think stray -- australia is on the verge of economic collapse, but if it starts to collapse house prices, australia could be in trouble. >> if we were to see house prices fall and ongoing weakness in commodity prices, australia would have some real problems. the risk of recession would increase if the housing market weakens and house prices start to fall. >> reporter: the wonder down under isn't looking quite so wonderful. andrew thomas, al jazeera, singleton. still to come here on al jazeera . . . lebanon's cabinet holds an emergency meeting after a trash pileup turns into a political mess. plus -- >> reporter: i'm in venezuela where the president has recently closed the border with neighboring columbia, granting
♪ hello again, the top stories here on al jazeera. eight police officers have been found guilty of the murder of a taxi driver in south africa in 2013. the 27 year old was videoed struggling with police and then tied on to the back of a van and dragged him behind it. the u.n. has called for europe to come together to deal with the refugee crisis. over 3,000 are expected every
day in macedonia. china has cut interest rates again, in an effort to boost its faltering economy. the shanghai stock exchange closed nearly 8% down following losses on monday. lebanon's government says it will invest $100 million to solve a waste crisis that sparked large anti-government protests. six ministers walked out of the emergency cabinet meeting, but a decision was made to find a new dropper for a land fill site. as protests in lebanon have gained pace, protesters have launched a social media campaign, using the hashtag youstink. it's about as much as attitudes on the street as it is towards the publicly elite. take a look at this image.
and this is one placard that has been seen. an activist dedicated to fighting corruption says the protesters are demanding accountability. >> this government failed really 100% in dealing with the problem of garbage and waste management because of corruption and because of, like, they thought there [ inaudible ] this is why they [ inaudible ] of the parliament, this is why they are refusing to elect a president. this is why they think they are unreachable. but garbage on the roads, garbage is everywhere, and some sites, especially the campaign [ inaudible ] youstink is mobilizing people. of course you see there is real
anger amongst all of the population against all of the politicians, because they are not delivering. but i think next time -- this campaign is calling for a big demonstration on saturday and it is focusing again its message, no for corruption, waste management, and please, you are obliged to find a solution for waste management as soon as possible. and we want the minister of environment to be accountable. we want the president to be accountable, we want accountability. >> turkey's military says 34 members of the pkk have been killed. the fighters died in air strikes in northern iraq's mountains. turkey began a military operation in the region last month after a pkk attack on turkish troops. after marathon talks north and south korea have reached a deal to end a tense military standoff. south korea has turned off
broadcasts and north korea has expressed regret for a land mine that injured two soldiers. >> reporter: it wasn't the most natural-looking group of people, but it marked a significant moment. one relayed by north korea's state tv to its people, including a rare expression of regret. >> translator: north korea expresses regret over a recently event that wounded the south's troops. >> reporter: south korea demanded a clear apology for the attack, and even if the language fell short of that, seoul is it treated the outcome as the result of a hard line. >> translator: this is the result of us dealing with north korea while opening the
dialogue. >> reporter: south korea who has been broadcasting material deemed harmful to the north korean tait fell silent, and troops stood down from their quasi state of war. the defense ministry said at least 50 of the north korean submarines appeared to be returning. now attention is switching to the longer-term implications of this deal. it calls for another round of talks as soon as possible. and there's talk of more regularized meetings between north and south korea going forward. the first test of the deal is likely to come next month when it calls for a new round of family reunions, allowing those separated to meet again. the plan is for it to coincide with a harvest holiday at the end of september. police in spain and morocco have arrested 14 people
suspected of recruiting fighters for isil. the joint operation arrested one person south of the capitol madrid, the other suspects were apprehended several other cities in morocco. four men who thwarted an attack on a french train have been honored by president hollande. simon mcgregor-wood reports now from the french capitol. >> reporter: president hollande honored them with france's highest award. they had, according to the president prevented real carnage. how to keep france and europe's trains safe from attack is now a real question. the suspect in friday's attack boarded the train at brussel's station with neither passport
nor baggage being checked. france's transport minister promised more stop and search checks. >> translator: people say the checks could be discriminatory, but i would prefer to discriminate efficiently, than to remain a spectator. >> reporter: trains pass borders without the control of air travel. europe's politicians and police forces now face a huge dilemma, how to improve security on the high-speed rail network, while preserving the principles of freedom of movement, which have become such a crucial part of the european economy and its way of life. nowhere is that more true than on france's famous tshg gb network. carrying 250,000 people a day from 250 stations across 1500
kilometers of high-speed track. across france, but also into neighboring e.u. states. on monday, the head of france's rail network ruled out airport-style security, but it may be the only way of guaranteeing safe travel. >> what needs to be done is first for international trains are the ones more likely to be targeted, most likely to have the euro star, some sort of airport security type, and then trained marshals would be a good step as well. >> reporter: friday's attack shows how vulnerable europe's rail system is. it might be a wake-up call that radically changes the way europeans travel by train. thousands of refugees are returning to somalia from the world's largest camp in kenya. nearly 400,000 people live in the camp, but in 2013 an
agreement was made to help people return. most who have returned are now living in a life of hardship. >> reporter: built on a strip of the sandy beach, this has for a long time been home to those displaced by conflict and droughts in somalia, recently its population has grown with refugees returning from neighboring kenya. this woman returned a few months ago after living in the camp for 21 years. >> translator: all we have here is peace. we have got nothing else. no aid from anyone. >> reporter: just before the first group of refugees returned, a number of charities came together to build these makeshift shelterser for them. all of these houses have been abandoned, the families moved out complaining they were too tiny and did not offer them enough protection against the
heat. it's the difficult accessing shelter and other humanitarian services that is causing concern of the returning refugees to live in dignity. local officials say there is little they can do for them. >> it requires huge resources to settle these people. you know, they have children. they have a schooling system. there are so many services nay require, which we cannot afford. >> reporter: these young men are an exception, though. they have been trained and equipped by a charity to build boats out of fiberglass. the majority of the returning refugees have been left on their own. every morning hundreds take to the streets looking for work. this man has lived in the kenyan refugee camp for several years.
>> translator: i'm still a refugee. i thought i would be -- resettled properly. but here i am a laborer. >> reporter: this is the world's largest refugee camp and is home to nearly 400,000 somalis. it was hoped that the return over the next few years will empty the camps. but as bleak as it is for the returnees, it's unlikely many more will be coming back soon. venezuela's president has ordered the indefinite closure of the boarder with venezuela. the president says he is trying to stop food from being smuggled out of the country. virginia lopez reports from c
caracas. >> reporter: for years column beeian immigrants have gathered here offering their services as laborers. >> translator: we're all waiting to see what happens in december's election. when we moved here, we found work. it was a county of opportunities. today there is no food, and look at us, we have been sitting here for hours with no work. >> reporter: the president says venezuela's chronic food problems are in part due to smuggling into colombia. lines like these are getting increasingly common and longer and longer. for shoppers tired of having to queue for hours, they believe the decision will solve little. >> translator: if i went to
colombia, i might be able to smuggle out a package or two of flour. but food is being taken out by the truckloads. that's mafia >> translator: closing the border will only bring greater poverty. it will be decades until we see the country i knew. my grandchildren's country is horrible. >> reporter: for close to three years now, venezuelans have grown accustomed from heading home from a shopping trip empty handed. some opposition members say the border closure is an attempt to divert attention from up coming parliamentary elections. >> translator: this is an anti electoral plan that can only arrest votes for the government. clearly they do not want to hold elections. instead they are looking to bankrupt people and this will naturally lead to protests. >> reporter: back at the
overpass these men debate their future. for decades a booming venezuela welcom welcomed colombia immigrants, but now many think a return home could be on the horizon. a major turn around for u.s. markets. soaring higher this morning as they shrug off global worries and china's massive selloffs. a huge wildfire grows even bigger in washington state. now another half a million homes are being activated. and the nra goes after seattle, suing over a new tax meant to stop gun violence. ♪