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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 26, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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hungarian police fire tear gas as unrest breaks out among refugees at a reception center. thousands more continue to across the boarder hello there, i'm laura kyle in doha. the world news from al jazeera. also coming up, south sudan's president expected to sign a peace deal with rebel forces in juba a south african judge slams eight police men as liars and
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murderers. accusations of fraud lead to protests in argentina police in hungry fired tear gas after unrest flared at a reception center for refugees. they are considering whether to call in the army to secure the border. thousands are crossing into the country from serbia, despite the construction of a barbed wiren fence to keep them out. we here from the unfcr in a moment. first, a report on the desperate journey of thousands as they head north. >> reporter: by the day numbers are harder to digest. here in the one-stop center, an entrance to serbia from macedonia, more than 10,000 passed through in less than five days. further up the line at serbia's border with hungary, an e.u. member state, more than 2,000 a
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day are arriving. the number registered in hungary this year passed 100,000, compared with 43,000 in the whole of last year. the numbers are staggering. so, too, is the inability of the european union to come up with a coherent strategy in sharing the responsibility of helping refugees. >> it's chaotic registration centers such as this that are worrying european union leaders. little in the way of security checks. 72 hour visas, and we'll look at the numbers, they are extraordinary. it is more complicated. germany predicts it the deal with 800 asylum seekers applications this year, and wants a fairer system of quotas for member states to take in refugees. what is more, the e.u. wants a tougher policy to turn back people that are categorized as
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economic migrants. in morne serbia on the trail to cross into hungary, most of these people are refugees from syria, and are frightened about what is ahead. my mother is there. we don't know what's happened in hungary. >> we are very worried because we have heard a lot of news that it is in hungary, that they are taking people. >> hungary is going to become a bigger pressure point in the crisis, and the government is crisising the e.u. for giving it enough money to cope with a record number of people intending to across the boarder with serbia well, earlier my colleague jane dutton spoke to the u.n.'s
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refugee agency in the hungarian capital. he beganly asking whether the use for armed forces would be effective. >> there were different reports from a few days, but what we have seen is that the in the are coming in. these are refugees, women, children, family. when i talked to my colleagues, monitoring the situation, they were saying that over 1500 have come in. there were some desperate people who came across and begged that others can just cannot come to the journey, because they are tired and exhausted. we are looking for a human approach from the government in the e.u. okay, you talk about those enormous numbers, and from the u.n.h.c.r., melissa phlegming has been quoted -- fleming has been quoted that it's vital that human rights and dignity be
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respected, surely for a country to do that they need resources, an e.u. policy to protect them. how is it fair on the countries to do that? >> indeed. in the history books, probably europe's treatment of the small proportion of refugees, crossing at the doors, a record displacement will be remembered at claims of high standards of human rights will be judged based on treatment. as i said, we are looking for a human treatment. this is a refugee population on the move. people i have med on the serbia and haung airian border is coming from syria. there it's iraq and afghanistan. how they want to treat the people? it's not a single country's issue, and they shouldn't be
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left dealing with it on their own. >> how will they deal with it. doesn't seem like it will stop soon. it calls for an e.u. policy, what does it look like, when will it happen? >> it should happen soon. these people, when you talk to them at the border, you want a minute's wait in terms of proper reception, it's too much. it's desperate, tired, exhaustion. they cannot continue. the question is where are the humanity in europe. we keep searching for that. it has to come sooner than later. these are desperate people, refugees on the run. israel released hundreds of african asylum seekers from a detention center, following a supreme court order. the majority from eritrea and sudan.
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detainees have been held for more than a year at a facility in the desert. >> syria's president is confident that russia will continue to support his government. he made the comments during an interview. >> throughout the history, the united states is known for playing games, selling off allies, abandoning friends. one will be contradicted by another the next day, or by himself later on. this is how the americans operate. the russian policy was never like this. we have strong confidence with the russians as allies. they have proven themselves throughout the crisis, for four years, that they are sincere and transparent. >> two n.a.t.o. soldiers have been shot dead in afghanistan. the attack happened in a base in helmand province, and they were
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wearing african american uniforms. the first attack on international forces since april. >> south sudan's presence is under pressure to sign a peace deal. tens of thousands have been killed, 2 million displaced. we go to south sudan's capital, juba. >> i'm standing outside freedom hall where most of the diplomats and a lot of government are waiting for the dignitaries to arrive from abroad. we understand the president ken yen yachta is here. four will go into talks, negotiations and hopefully the peace deal will be signed today. it is important and could turn around the lives of hundreds of thousands. a big thing to remember is that some of the top commanders from
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the rebel forces split from the former leader, saying the peace deal doesn't mean anything to them. if the president of the republic signs it, it doesn't necessarily mean an end to the fighting. that's the dark cloud hanging over today. >> the united nations security council is threatening syncs if president salva kiir doesn't sign the deal. >> reporter: if south sudan's president backs out of the peace deal, the united nations says it will act and do so quickly. that was a message from the u.n. security council. >> it's erogenous to act immediately. if president salva kiir does not sign the agreement tomorrow, an undertaking. >> the u.s. drafted a u.n. security council resolution calling for targeted sanctions, and an arms embargo if salva kiir does not sign the peace
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deal. there could be disagreements, and diplomats say any act on the resolution would require further negotiations, which could take days. the u.n.'s top official told council members on tuesday that the situation on the ground is grave, and getting worse. giving examples of crimes against innocent civilians. >> i'm concern beside the atrocities which continue to be reported. the scope and level of cruelty which characterised the attack against civilians suggest a deep depth of antipathy which goes beyond differences. allegations include rampant killing, rape, abduction, looting, arson and forced displacement and burning of people inside their own homes. >> thousands have been killed since december 2013 when fighting began. 2.2 milli
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2.2 million internally displaced are in the country, and 2,000 in safety shelters. and 16,000 refugees in neighbouring countries and 4.6 million people, where 36% of the population don't have enough to eat. there is hope by all sides that a peace deal could be the first step to stop violence and get help to those that need it most. >> in the words of the u.n. special representative to south sudan, inking a peace deal will be the first step and stability will not come to the country overnight. as for the council. they'll wait for what happens in deciding what if any action they'll take two workers from the humanitarian group doctors without borders have been killed in separate attacks on villages in south sudan. they were killed last week in remote areas in unity state. they have just learnt about the violence. the circumstances of their death
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are being investigated eight police officers in south africa have been convicted of murdering a taxi driver, raising broader questions about police brutality. tania page was in court. >> reporter: the judge called the former police officers liars and murderers. saying they killed this man from blocking a road with his taxi. the mobile phone footage helped to convict him. the judge said they acted with common purpose, handcuffing the mozambique to a van and dragging him 200m. these images went viral. and were damning. what happened once the footage ends is almost worse. the pathologist said he was badly beaten in a police cell and died of head injury. police officers lied and
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submitted ridiculous versions of events. south african police were accused of using excessive force. it's unlikely to change with the verdict. one family says it now has justice. just is not enough. >> we need compensation because they lived behind four children and an elderly parent. six months before he was killed, police shot 34 striking miners. no one has been charged. a month after he died, seven police officers caught on camera shooting a protestor in the chest with rubber bullets were acquitted of his murder. the national authority had this message. >> within the police force, it will never be tolerated.
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police, i expected to protect the community, they are expected to prevent crime, to investigate crime within the framework of human rights. >> reporter: by the end of the verdicts the defendants had their heads bowed low. they are in custody. the people they are supposed to protect are convicted killers. still to come on al jazeera - could this bullet hold the key to easing racial tension the united states. a report from chicago. plus... >> i'm in kabul where afghan artists are trike to make these beautiful, and trying to raise awareness. awareness.
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hello again, the top stories here on al jazeera. police in hungary fired tear gas after unrest flared up at a reception center for refugees. the government called in the army to secure its border. south sudan's president expected to sign a peace deal. the security council is threatening him with sanctions. two n.a.t.o. soldiers have been shot dead at helmand province in afghanistan. some were wearing afghan military uniforms. there has been another volatile day on the stock markets. beijing cuts the costs. we go to the chinese capital
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beijing. >> reporter: it was a day of ups and downs for markets across asia pacific, but many of them were japan, south korea, taiwan, singapore. the main focus was the shanghai composite, fluk 2008ing by making gains, and fluctuations. it ended down at 1.27%. and that will certainly gain heart for those that invest in the market. over the four days of trading, the market lost 20%. even though the central bank cut interest rates, it made it easier for banks to loan money, giving them the ability to have loans, and cutting the opportunity of gaining interest. it's the fifth interest rate cut in the last five months since november, and perhaps this might be a trend that may continue. for the moment, china is not out of the woods.
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it's a serious situation officers the domestic market, the international perception of china's markets, as though the everyone will watch how china pulls out of this and regains the confidence that it needs to make sure investors pull out the capital, and they are attracted to the chinese industry, market and stock exchange. >> south korea says it is willing to discuss ending sanctions against the north. on tuesday, both sides reached a deal to end a tense military standoff. sanctions imposed in 2010 cut most ties with the north, including tourism. trade and private aid. >> the guatemalan supreme court improved a request to impeach the president. the attorney-general made the request over perez's suspected involvement in corruption, and will be passed to congress to
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approve or raent. perez rejects the accusations saying he will not stand down. >> local elections in argentina prompted accusations of fraud and large protests. police broke up a demonstration on tuesday. tensions still remain. >> i'm here in independence square in northern argentina, where thousands of people gathered to protest against the government, saying that fraud was admitted on sunday's election for the governorship of this province. this square was the center of the clashes between the protesters and the police. when thousands gathered to protest against the election. >> there was family, people with children, the police did not have the right to do what they did. people say irregularities were
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committed. >> they have no doubt for those committed. they were voting tables where the candidates had more votes than what they put in. the governor's race was won by juan mansour and the government says they have a difficulty in the fact that they were repeated. they were furious. they believe the election was stolen from them, with presidential elections two months away. this is an example of tension we will see, between the opposition and the ruling party. >> an already difficult relationship between columbia and venezuela appears to be worsening. the president appears to have closed the border and hundreds deported. >> reporter: for years, venezuela goods have been syphoned out the nation. as much as 40% of goods find
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their way to neighbouring brazil, columbia and the caribbean island. >> controversy has been a problem. the fact that they subsidised food and petrol. means if you are able to drive across the border, you are bound to make a profit. >> reporter: in an unprecedented move, one of the main border crossings will be closed, part of an effort to end smuggling in paramilitary conduct in this country. we are not going to regret it any more. we have reached our limit. we hope to build a new relationship at all levels. so you can see the complexity of the process, a straight forward closure. the closure left dozens stranded, leading to deportation
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of columbians, many living in venezuela for years. >> they kicked us out at five in the morning, like dogs. they didn't let us take anything, they didn't let us bathe. he said let's go, leave, get out of here. i lost every day, even my clothes. we left rl without a thing. columbians and human rights say it is excessive. closing the border is untimely and unlikely to do much. >> i want to once again reiterate columbia's disapproval of border closures. >> we are convinced it won't help the countries fight against contraband. >> what it is doing is creating a davey for the residents that live on both sides of the
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border. >> the government looks set to maintain and extend restrictions at other border crossings. unless columbia agrees to build a new border now, the names are familiar across the united states. freddie gray, michael brown, young black men killed by white police officers. some communities are trying to reduce racial tensions by restraining officers on the use of force. john hendren reports. >> reporter: it's not a silver bullet. but some police believe this may be key to easing tensions. across the u.s., and to the north and canada police in 20 cities are testing the latest in nonlethal alternatives to bullets. the projectives are planned to flatten on impact, causing pain put stopping short of killing. it's the latest in a series of
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moves for north american police to respond to protests at the hands of police. in ferguson, missouri, police officers dismayed michael brown, and a now judge is dismissing arrest warrants, allowing defendants to set new dates for warrants before 2015. >> it's an opportunity for them to make a fresh start. the cases will be on the books. and they'll be given a notice to come to court. they don't have to do it under fear of arrest in maryland, where riots followed the april death of freddie gray in police custody. attorney-general held down new guidelines forbidding police, based on race, religion or gender identity. >> we can do better, set goals and establish standards so that law enforcement and the broader community view people as individuals, accord them
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respect. >> community activists say the efforts are improvements. but they don't go to the root of the problem. a racial divide and young black men on the other. >> you have to understand there's a rich history of disjust with the police and the african-american community. dating back to the jim crow era. you have to change it. change the training, you have to higher people that will understand the african american community. that can work to build the bridge within the african-american community. until the police in their neighbourhoods like like them, that divide is likely to remain now, afghanistan's capital may be short of many things, but what it does have plenty of is concrete blast walls, and they are the perfect blank canvas. >> jennifer glasse reports on how artists are transforming the
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barriers, hoping that kabul will one day bed world's graffiti capital on barriers, an effort to create stability. an anticorruption message warns people and god are watching. across the street they are painting arts as a symbol of leading the nation. it's the work artist and a group of volunteers. with a few hundred dollars of their own money for paint and supplies, they are working to change the kilometres of the walls, making it feel under siege in its own city. >> when you put a picture on the wall, the wall disappears, and you are in a new space. >> he wants the new space to be about a new afghanistan, that he and fellow painters can create. >> it's time for afghanistan and the world to contribute something else other than weapons and war.
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there has been too many for the 36 years. it's giving artists a chance. he wants everyone to participate. when a police officer comes, he offers them a brush. >> even people with no education can understand the message. they introduce what we literacy. this is the first of new series. celebrating the people. these are street people, an old man on a bicycle. not adding to pollution and traffic. it has always been heroes with guns and swords. we want to celebrate the people who - that we see every day, who are working on the street. >> while they may have started
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with an anticorruption painting they hope the work will be uplifting and bring the afghans together. >> because of the security situation, the city is in fear, so we are trying to do something that grabs the attention of people in a good way. >> those who take part say it's therapeutic, a way to contribute and share with fellow afghans. >> they are hoping the project gets bigger, he's planning to invite international graf eat aartists to paint here and share the designs with those willing to point. there are plenty of black walls, but no guarantees of safety for those wanting to make them beautiful. brazil - refugees from a number of countries have taken part in a football game at the legendary marikana stadium in rio de janeiro, part of a project to integrate them.
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it's home to thousands of refugees in 81 countries, including syria, and the democratic republic of congo. the united nations refugee agency said it's been promoting feelings of solidarity and respect. respect. [ ♪ ] if educators found out they were doing something that made it hard for kids to learn, you'd think they'd stop, right. years of research is piling spo pointing to the effects of early start times for high schoolers, greater chances of car accidents, but schools are still insisting on early starts.