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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 27, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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>> under pressure to do more to deal with refugee crisis in europe. balkan leaders meet in vienna to address the issue hello there, you're watching al jazeera, i'm laura kyle live from my headquarters in doha. also coming up. police in china arrest 12 people over a deadly warehouse explosion in tianjin odds over a border dispute leading to the deportation of hundreds of columbians
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plus... >> i'm charles stratford, a fight to save hundreds of years of christian churches foreign ministers from the e.u. and balkan states are meeting in vienna with the current refugee crisis topping the agenda. set to discuss a unified number coming to europe. the e.u.'s asylum system is dysfunctional. barnaby phillips is live for us outside the meeting in vienna. what are you hearing from there? >> we've been listening to the austrian foreign minister and the german counterpart in the last half hour or so, and the
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message quite strongly from them is they feel that the european union needs to do more as a whole, that there are countries in the e.u., frankly, which are not picking up their fair share of quotas of refugees, not taking on board their responsibility, and what they are saying is these countries may not find themselves on the front line, but they could find themselves on the front line a few months hence, depending where flows of people head. there's a real sense that european solidarity is under great strain because of this migration crisis. in the came way that it's been under strain in rent years. and the danger, if you like, is that when different european countries don't feel like e.u. as a whole.
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and they operate autonomously, for instance, where the government is putting up a razor wire fence along the border with serbia to keep people out of this country. >> just remind us of the scale of the crisis. what sort of numbers are we talking about here. >> this conference is looking at the western balkans. that's the eastern route into europe, and it has become the most popular route to try to get into the e.u. the figures are dramatic for the first seven months of the year. more than 1,000 came in, at the beginning of greece, compared with 8,000 in the same period last year, that's an increase more than tenfold. one detail which is apparent,
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and germany has been making the point today. it has received asylum applicants, 40% of those applicants don't come from countries like syria, eritrea, somalia, war-torn countries beyond europe's borders, they are coming from the western balkans themselves, something like 30,000 asylum applicants from kosovo. 11,000 from serbia. in other words, if you look at this from a german or austrian point of view, these balkan countries are not only transit routes for desperate people coming from beyond europe's borders, but they are producing a significant proportion of asylum applicants who end up in northern europe. >> that's an interesting fact indeed to throw into the mix. thank you for keeping us up to date for what is happening in
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vienna this morning. >> police in china arrested 12 people over massive explosions two weeks ago. 139 people died when a warehouse storing hazardous chemicals exploded. 11 government officials are being prosecuted over negligence. adrian brown has the details. >> in a sense, those that you expect to be arrested have been arrested. they include the chairman, vice chairman, three deputy managers of the warehouse where the dangerous chemicals were stored and the twin explosions happened two weeks ago. wednesday, it was announced that the man who headed the country's work safety regulator had been sacked. he is a former deputy mayor, a post held for 12 years. you sense that this investigation is going to perhaps be more open than previous similar inquiries. in the past they tended to be opaque. this time the authorities are
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more open with the information they are releasing. but we still don't know the answer to several key questions. one, why are so many dangerous chemicals were stored 800 meters away from where people were living. chinese law states na chemicals have to be stored at least 1,000 meters away. 139 have been confirmed dead. the 34 missing, most of the dead and missing are firearm. were the firearm adequately trained to deal with a chemical disaster on this scale, and why is it so many firearm died. the government promised a thorough investigation and promised to tighten the regulation governing the storage of such chemicals. >> two iraqi camp are army commanders have been killed by a car bam in anbar province. they are overseeing units in a campaign in i.s.i.l.
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three soldiers died. >> kurdish peshmerga fighters have taken 10 villages in northern iraq from i.s.i.l. control. kurdish forces say 2,000 of the fighters advanced in kirkuk, and the assault in kirkuk. back in u.s. air strikes. the kurds say 25 i.s.i.l. fighters were killed. the u.s. pentagon is reporting allegations that intelligence on i.s.i.l. is being distorted. they exaggerated probes against the group. the u.s. conducted 5,000 air strikes in iraq and syria, spending 3.7 billion. the u.s. government destroyed or damaged more than 10,000 targets. >> a former secretary of defense says that investigations will hopefully shed light on the u.s. fight against i.s.i.l. >> it's not surprising because
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the military demanders who devised the strategy and executed, that they would skew the intelligence. what is important is the system works, because we recognise that this had happened in iraq, and the congress pasts a law saying that a person, a civilian group feels that the military springs the intelligence. he can make a complaint. the inspector general who is independent on everyone informed the congress and is investigating, and will encourage more people or a future come forward if they think the commanders are not honest. up to now, the commanders say this is working. let's be patient. general alan, they recently gave a speech and said i.s.i.s. is
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being devoted strategically. finding out what is a true story. you really want the true story, we have made the mistake in vietnam, where the general for years was winning. >> foreign ministers promised to increase cooperation on the two countries, coming amidst a border dispute. they deported hundreds of columbians. in a panic, these men returned to a place called home. to take back hard-earned belongings. returning to demolish the housing. the feat is well just fide. 1,000 columbians have been reported since the president nicolas maduro closed the
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crossing. in this informal settlement, military raids left behind a dessoate bopulation, homes destroyed, neighbours gone. if it's a shanty, they scribbled is d. or if it was brick, it was r. reviewed. >> they say it will give a house or a flag. who knows what they will give us. >> after meeting for six hours. the foreign ministers and columbia have been able to reach a deal. they agreed on more talks, and allegations of human rights abuses will be looked into. >> translation: we are convinced that the closure of the border, and we have communicated this with the venezuela authorities, is not the way forward, and we don't believe it's the way to combat smuggling.
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many that live on one side or the other, study on one side and live on the other, and will be able to move. due to the in ability of the authorities to persuade the authorities on the border, and affecting all neighbouring countries, we are forced to close the border. >> reporter: no date has been set for reopening the border. the impact can be felt at all levels. >> the streets are usually butling with activities. a week from the closure, streets have been taken over by the military, a lot of the shots are closed down because business is down, or it's employees, many of them columbian citizens have been deported. >> i don't know where i live, they destroyed my home. my wife is in columbia. >> closing the border and expelling illegal columbian citizens are part of president
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nicolas maduro's attempt to end the contraband and paramilitary activity. unless both reach agreement, the problems mr not be solved, the -- will not be solved and the misery increased. >> the african union commission chief says the peace deal must be implemented. president salva kiir signed the agreement in the presence of the capital juba. he expressed reservations over whether it will end the war. >> the council threatened action if salva kiir failed to agree to the deal. >> still to come on al jazeera. u.s. president celebrates the revival of new orleans. 10 years after hurricane katrina. >> i'm daniel schweimler in chile, which sells much of its copper to china, they are waiting here to see how events there will affect the money
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markets on this side of the pacific ocean. pacific ocean.
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>> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the sound bites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is. >> ray suarez hosts "inside story". only on al jazeera america. hello again. thanks for being with us. here is a reminder of our top stories. police in china arrested 12 people over massive explosions in the city. 11 government officials are being prosecuted for negligence. 139 people died when a warehouse full of hazardous chemicals exploded foreign ministers from the e.u. and balkan states are meeting in vienna, with the
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refugee crisis topping the agenda, and discuss the huge numbers of asylum seekers coming into europe. foreign ministers of columbia and venezuela promised to increase cooperation. they have deported hundreds of columbians, angering bogota u.s. president obama returns to new orleans later on thursday. marking the 10th anniversary of hurricane katrina, killing thousands, and billions of dollars. the city made a steady recovery, and many challenges do remain. on the bustling streets of the french quarter, signs of recovery are obvious. the streets are a tourist hot spot. the sound of jazz music hails the rebirth of new orleans. >> it's a far cry from the
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desperate days of katrina, when the u.s. government was criticized for a slow response. over 1,000 residents died. more were displaced, many never to return. >> how are we doing on produce? >> we are doing well. >> a black-owned business hailed a recovery. this has been in and driven for generations. greedy developers are putting profits before people. >> all the people were paid. at the end of the day some people are left without homes, education. it's getting better, but it's not where it needs to be. >> reporter: in the nearby biwater neighbourhood, a new flux of arrivals eager to buy homes are eager to make things easy for the poor. this home is so expensive many are forced out to the suburbs. >> house prices in the
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neighbourhood have risen 75% in the past few years. wealth disparity in the city is growing faster than anywhere in the united states, proving that the new orleans is more unequal than it was before katrina. >> in the upper ward, things have changed. damian grant has deep roots here, and can no longer afford to by a house. >> there's schools here, abandoned since. it could be a resource, a learning facility. to where they are afterschool. stuff like that. it's clear that new orleans has a long way to go. the most powerful officials admit that the poor have not been well served. people hurting more before the storm, more after. this is a universal opinion.
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when it's hot, the poor get hotter. >> hurricane katrina and the authority's reaction is a shameful chapter history. the inequality yits that the system is facing, it may be a lasting legacy let's bring you more on a top story, the refugee crisis in europe. we can speak to u.n.i.c.e.f. deputy representative more macedonia, joining us on macedonia's border with greece. thank you for joining us. we understand that a number of people arriving where you are are women and children. what are the facilities you have set up to help them. indeed, i estimated that about 30% of the population come in here, crossing to the country, are women and children.
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so far, what we have been doing is really to support the especially women and children, the groups of population to have their basic needs met. meaning some food, some water, and some protection, and psycho-social support for the children, knowing that most of them have been through very difficult times. and fears and distress, so it is essential that we, upon the arrival here, we care for them and really try to provide them with the protection measures they need. >> yes, in what ways are children vulnerable as we make the long arduous journeys? >> sorry, can you repeat the question. >> in what ways are children vulnerable on the difficult
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journeys? >> if you - you can see how distressed they are, how - that they have really experienced fear, and traumatized. they are really traumatized and physically, they are very fragile because of all the way they have been through, and you can see they have been through when they left their home country in syria. so these children are buried in the rubble. and we have to make sure their rights are fully respected and they are receiving protection. major, to ensure that they - they don't have any additional. we need to help them, really, to help them overcome the whole
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anxiety and pressure, when they started the trip and join in with the families. >> if we look at the bigger picture for a moment, because the numbers are huge, some 3,000 people are estimated to be arriving at the moment in macedonia every day. are these numbers something that the e.u. can handle? >> i - what we thing is that it is important that the e.u. has - put in place a plan of action to support the countries who are receiving the huge numbers. and we, fully support it. because it makes sure that they are ready to go, and the best interest is protected. >> so this is for us.
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we work closely with the view on that to ensure that protection and the best interests of the child is really taken into consideration to support the journey. >> thank you for joining us on al jazeera from the macedonian boarder. >> police in hong kong charged three students who led protests. they are accused of storming government headquarters courtyards at the start of street protests in september. they and the demonstrators wanted free and open elections next year. they have to be approved by a pro-china panel first.
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>> a possible economic slowdown is a major concern which sends half of its output to china. >> chile, one of the most stable economies in south america was built on mining. particularly copper, a soft metal used in wiring. economists wrong recognised that chile was overdependent on red gold. events this week in china may prove them right. >> we have failed in the export basket. it will be 50% of - we export every year. and will depend on what happened with copper. >> what happened to copper is global slices slumped, and the biggest market wants less of it
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than expected. the fear here is that if the chinese economy is heading to crisis, it will wants less. >> less dollars, the price of everything has gone up. the government aniesing demands, reform on the education system. will implement the changes. >> when china sneezes, chile catches a cold. one way or another all sectors of chilean societiry will be affected. by how, and how much is not clear. >> what is clear is the current crisis is causing the chilean copper industry. >> it cannot reduce the reliance overnight. >> there'll be survivors, and those are likely to be in the best position to get a next
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boom. and the mining industry is going to be used to having booms. >> in the meantime chile is watching and waiting to see what comes next in china in mexico hundreds of people marched through the capital demanding justice for 43 missing students. they disappeared in the south-west of guerra a year ago. it has become a rallying point for mexicans frustrated by drugs and gang violence, and the slow pace of justice. >> violence broke out between police and anticorruption protests in honduras. demonstrators calling for the resignation. and they've been gathering every week for more than three months since the government was linked to a fraud at the welfare
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compartment. >> ancient churches have been places of pilgrimages for hundreds of years much after decades of neglect conservationists are struggling to preserve them. charles stratford reports. >> reporter: it's the spiritual home for millions of ethiopian oorth dox christians around the world. the 11 churches were carved out of the mountainside in the 12th century, during the rein of the priest king. the ancient places of worship represent holy sites in jerusalem, and stories in the bible. they were built so ist christians didn't have to risk the pilgrimage from the holy land. >> the rocking churches are of
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immense archeological and historical comparisons. the places of pilgrimage around the world are literally crumbling away. >> the rock in this area is highly susceptibility to moisture. in this church menus a syringe to inject grout into cracks in a pillar. >> in terms of seismic activity, a slight earthquake would destroy the place. the fact is when you are dealing with natural strata in the terms of a building rather than a mine. there's little you can do. you can't line it with steel bars, you'll destroy the monument. it's historic surface. >> lose those, and you simply are back into rotted geology. >> and that process is not far off on the outside. >> antony shows us what he means.
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>> and if we start losing material like this, right through here, i mean, the only future for that, without some sort of intervention is this: so the idea of the bandage is to hold it in place. until we can get there to repair it. because every time it rains a little more fall off. if we weren't to do this, it would be a catastrophe. >> i'm lucky because i come from this area. this heritage is a big thing for us. >> a number of churches have been covered by temporary shelters to protect them from the rain while the work is don. on a hilltop close by. people pray. >> the king did not just build the churches as a human being, he built them with the help of got. >> translation: it was included
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on the first ever u.n.e.s.c.o. world heritage site, preserving this extraordinary place of spiritual retreat for yooethions for every generation, a challenge they hope they can meet. >> more on our website - [ ♪ ] no one wants to see a young person hurt or a future compromised. with every year we learn more about the routine injuries and long-term affects of scholastic sports on young bodies. our dreams of college scholarships and professional glory pushing kids to play more, harder, younger than before. playing the game -