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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  August 30, 2015 1:00pm-1:31pm EDT

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the warring sides in south sudan's conflict accuse each other of violating a truce just days after a peace deal was signed. ♪ ♪ hello there, i am felicity barr and you are watching al jazerra live from london. also coming up. european leaders say more must be done to process and monitor refugees traveling across euro europe. protests continue in malaysia calling for the prime minister to step down. the government says the rallies are illegal. and four months after a
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devastating earthquake nepal honors victims in its annual festival of the dead. ♪ ♪ rebels and the army in south sudan are accusing each other of violating a ceasefire just hours after it came in to effect. the fighting has been centered on the unity and upper nile states with both sides saying their positions have been attacked. south sudan has been at war since december 2013 when former vice president led a redel. [bell] i don't know guns the president, the man who had sacked him. since then, 10s of thousands of people have died. and more than 2 million others have fled their homes. the president signed the latest peace deal on wednesday. which included a power-sharing agreement. a ceasefire and both sides taking responsibility for the war. ththe the other signed it nine
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days earlier. we have more from juba. >> reporter: there have been incredible reports today that the ceasefire in south sudan had been violated just hours after it came in to effect. al jazerra spoke to the president's spokesperson who claim that it was the rebel side, the opposition who were the aggressors. >> well, it's a blaming game on the side of the rebels. the rebels did not have ceasefire until yesterday. thus the rebel leader declared a permanent ceasefire. there is a question of whether really controls the splio. simply because the last two months -- the last two weeks or so, the 13 commanders, denounce him. and maybe these are the people that are still actually carrying out the fight because they say they will not honor what he says. >> reporter: for their part the opposition claim it's them that has been attacked by the government force as long the river nile. but what today has really shown
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is a great need for a monitoring mechanism in place. at the moment it's almost impossible to say who was the aggressor and who is responsible for violating this peace deal. germany, france and britain are calling for european country to his improve the way they process refugees and migrants. they want everyone to be registered and fingerprinted so officials can quickly identify those in need. in hungary some people have been trying to escape processing centers. once they are fingerprinted the european countries they move on can return them to the state where they were orally processed. meanwhile refugees continues to stream in to southern macedonia on their journey towards the e.u. hundreds wait for a government commissioned train that leaves twice a day taking them to north of the border with serbia. 2 1/2 thousand refugees took the train on sunday. from budapest in hungary andrew simmons has more on the
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refugees. >> reporter: as the numbers increase, the situation is getting more and more critical for refugees arriving here in the hungarian capital. they are amassing outside railway stations hoping to get tickets to trains going to other european capitals. that isn't taking place, though. some are buying the tickets but are unable to get on board the trains because the police turn them around. and furthermore, the government here is intent on making more changes to already tight regulations to asylum law. it will restrict the time for decision on his asylum application to his 15 days and it will also maker is bee a safe third country which could mean that people will be turned around and sent straight back to serbia. that could be a major problem for the serb government. because they have little in the way of facilities to accommodate such big numbers. and there are further regulations that will tighten up the whole situation for the
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refugees. many organizations on human rights are accusing the government of being irresponsible with restricting the refugees' rights. and they are saying it amounts to really encouraging people smugglers to have their business grow even more. the united nations says more than 300,000 people have crossed the mediterranean this year so far. of those many have land ed in greece, but with the number of arrivals growing the government is struggling to comb. john reports. >> reporter: these afghan children are having a little of their childhood restored to them. the red cross has set up this tents for games inside a government-sponsored camp. here too they have food and 24-hour medical care. but much has been taken from them in years of war, poverty and exile. born in exile from his native afghanistan because his family feared for their lives. >> we are shia and.
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[ inaudible ] in afghanistan, there was some people like taliban that killed our people. that was wit why we my great toy iran. iranian people were very cruel actually. i am going it a place that accepts us, accepts yous just like a person, like a human. >> reporter: more than 170,000 refugees have pour ed in to greece this year, most fleeing war all looking for a better life in our yum. europe. that facility is better than the tent park they were in. local residents feared public health and safety. some 500 afghans who were in camp here are now golf initially to the new municipal facility but ultimately out of greece and northward in to the balanc balk. the new facility attempts to strike a balance between the free for all that ex-sieved heave and the policy of detention centersbility by the
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previous conservative government. under that policy, undocumented migrants were being detained indefinitely until they agreed to be deported. that left greece exposed under european law. in march, the left wing government shutdown the camp closest to athens and released eights inmates. but the closure is controversial and five other camps remain. it is the same across europe. a struggle to combine law and order with humanity. in greece the arrivals keep coming. the government has chartered this vice toll bring it from its eastern eye lands close to turkey. these syrian, iraqis and afghans felt euphoria as they took their first is steps on continental europe. sending pictures home of their safe arrival. >> translator: my family has lost more than 10 men, well, and children because of either assad or the islamic state n kobane there is nothing to eat. if you find food it is expensive and only for the rich. >> reporter: the sudden freedom is overwhelming. some families unsure of where to go. some get on buses others head to
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the athens metro. on their long journey this is a respite from which they seek only a little comfort and humanity. john, al jazerra, athens. ♪ ♪ the malaysian prime minister has condemned the organizers of demonstrations against him as haram, which means they are sinful in islam. 10s of thousands of protesters have called for him to step down. after leaked documents showed he received a $700 million payment from unarmed -- unnamed foreign donors. the prime minister denies any wrongdoing. wayne hey has the latest. >> reporter: they converged on the certainty of koala lumpur in the 10s of thousands. calling for the resignation of prime minister. it hasn't happened yet. but the leaders of the so-called movement say their protests can still be called a success.
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[ inaudible ] member of parliament, yeah, for them to put in. [ inaudible ] in parliament. this is a message to the prime minister that he need to go. >> reporter: it means clean and the protesters believe mine prie minister is anything but. they want him arrested on corruption charges. last month, allegations surfaced that he had taken almost $700 million from the state investment fund, which he denies. >> they would like it if he would step down, but i think most of the public realize that's not in their hands. >> reporter: this protest was also about the changing face of politiepolities in this country. malaise, formed the majority of the population, but most of the demonstrators were young ethnic chinese, who are increasingly bigging more politically active. 24-year-old ava says she and her friends are more informed than older generations. and therefore they feel
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emboldened. >> we try to voice our opinion and we know -- [ inaudible ] all the news from the different parts not only for the newspaper online and maybe on the international website. >> reporter: they are also fighting for freedom of speech and the right to descent. in fact this rally was declared illegal by the government because prior permission wasn't granted. the deputy prime minister has said action will be taken in the days ahead. >> the people unite the message is clear, i don't understand what the prime minister is trying to know what kind of statement he's trying to do. is he threatening the people? i don't know. >> reporter: previous political rallies have ended in clouds of tear gas, but this was a peaceful gathering of malaysians who want to see change. it's certainly not the end for this movement whose leaders say they won't stop until they zero form. but this country has been ruled by the same coalition for 58 years. so that change may not come so easy. wayne hey, al jazerra, koala
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lumpur. and earlier the malaysian prime minister criticized the protests. >> translator: we reject any form of straight demonstration that will threaten the peace and trouble the people. it's not the right champion to voice concerns in a democratic state. just like we know that what happened over the last two days was not sensible. 10s of thousands have turned out in tokyo to voice their anger about proposed change to the security forces the japanese prime minister wants to ease restrictions on the military so it can defend an ali under attack. it's come under scrutiny. >> reporter: under its constitution japan is barred from using force resolve conflicts, exempt to defends itself. these protesters outside japan's parliament want it to stay that way. >> translator: 70 years ago so many people lost their loved ones and went through such hardships. they wanted to leave the legacy
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of their lessons for the future and that's japan's pacifist constitution. but our constitution is being violated now. that's why we are protest h pro. >> reporter: demonstrations have been taking place across a country. they are led by students and other young people who say they want to protect japan's pacifist constitution. he has been on hunger strike for 70 hours. >> translator: i want japan to insist on peace and be a nation that promotes peace and sets an example for the rest of the world. >> reporter: 75-year-old survived u.s. air raids on japan during the second world war. he says the experience compelled him to join the protesters. >> translator: i came because i must convey the horrors of the war. this legislation will lead us to war again. >> reporter: the changes to the constitution would allow japanese troops to be sent overseas to defend allies under attack. prime minister abe says the
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changes are necessary to protect japan. opinion polls show a majority of japanese voters are opposed to the legislation, but it's already been passed by the lower house. it's expected to be endorsed by the upper chamber despite protesters' attempts to stop it. victoria gate edge by, al jazerra. al jazerra correspondent peter greste has called for the egyptian president to undo injustice and pardon him at his two colleagues, he's held a news conference in australia hours after being wrongly convict today helping the now banned muslim brotherhood. they were sentenced to at least three years in prison. they and al jazerra deny the allegations. >> there was never any evidence that the court presented that the prosecutor presented either in the first trial or in the second to confirm any of the allegations against us. in fact, i would like to publically challenge the prosecutor to present evidence of anything that we produced
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that was falsified. and still to come on the program, rebuilding their lives. we meet the nigerian farmers who are finally returning to their farms after being forced out by thieves. and mourning the missing. relatives marking mexico's day of the disappeared demand answers. ♪ ♪
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>> al jazeera america primetime. get the real news you've been looking for. at 7:00, a thorough wrap-up of the day's events. then at 8:00, john seigenthaler digs deeper into the stories of the day. and at 9:00, get a global perspective. weeknights, on al jazeera america. ♪ ♪ welcome back. a reminder of the top stories here on al jazerra. fresh fighting in south sudan both sides accuse each other of breaking the latest ceasefire after just a few hours.
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as hungary struggles with the growing number of refugees from the middle east and north africa. the e.u.'s three largest nations say more should be done to tackle the crisis. calls for the malaysian prime minister to resign grow louder has 10s of thousands rally in koala lumpur. for years farmers in parts of northern nigeria have been living in fear of losing their livelihoods or everybody their lives. thousands have been forced out by cattle thieves. but with peace returning to some communities, many farmers are now returning. ahmad is respit idris reports. >> reporter: for the first time in three years he can work on his farm. like many villages around the northwest he is returning home after being forced out by thieves. for them, killing the land was impossible -- tilling the land was impossible until a few months ago.
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>> translator: we suffered and lost lives and property. we fled several times and decided not to run. we can't run forever. we are still afraid, but where else can we go? >> reporter: hundreds of killed across the region. families have been pushed in to poverty as thousands of cattle were stolen. communities are just beginning to rebuild. inning my people are coming back, for most it's a tough decision to return. we are trying to get back on our feet, but but it is not easy. >> reporter: a few are trying to raise cattle again. but they also take advantage of the situation to have some fun at the river. and these communities are less than two-kilometers from a regional security post. half of the population of k uya is now back after self-imposed exile. for years bandits have terrorized these villages forcing entire communities to
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leave. now in many liberated areas, peace has returned. animals stolen from here are taken hundreds of kilometer as way to be sold. yet what many don't understand is how the animals are sold without anyone getting caught. the government assures those that have returned that they are serious. [ inaudible ] where this has been allocated. [ inaudible ] will be there so that the police can control security of the life of the community there. >> reporter: but that has come too late for some. this village was raided by robbers two years ago. and the residents aren't looking forward to coming back to these ruins. mmohamed idris, al jazerra, northwest nigeria. in iraq shia fighters have withdrawn from three areas of ramadi controlled by the islamic state of iraq and the levant. al jazerra has learned this move
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is to allow u.s.-trained sunni force to his target that area. there are doubts, though, as to how successful they will be against isil. does ends of soldiers have been killed in ambush attacks in ramadi in recent days. local people are accusing the saudi-led coalition of killing 36 civilians during a strike on a bottling plant in yemen. the attack happened in the northern province. a coalition spokesman denied a civilian target was hit and said that it was a bomb-making factory. well, within war it is civilians who pay the heaviest price. in yemen's southern city of aden, hospitals are struggling to care for those caught in the cross fire between houthi rebels and the saudi-led coalition strikes. doctors and medical staff say they development have the surprise and equipment they desperately need to offer adequate care. natasha ghoneim reports. >> reporter: the war's casualties have packed adens' hospital beds, it has affected
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the already fragile healthcare system. it's also pushed doctors to the limits of the care that they can provide. he was injured during fight he should lost his leg and needs advanced care which is unavailable here. >> translator: there are still shrapnel in in my body. we hope that the government considers our situation and sends us abroad for treatment to remove the shrapnel and provide us with prosthetic legs. >> reporter: relative calm has returned to aden. fighters loyal to president hadi pushed out houthi rebels last month. but people living here say their healthcare system in the city needs help. many hospitals are closed. those that are open are operating at capacity. >> translator: there is some improvement, particularly in providing medications, but the big problem now is the wounded and. [ inaudible ]
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>> reporter: humanitarian organizations including doctors without borders are stepping in to fill the void. in aden and across the country. yet the security situation continues to hamper their ability to treat those in need. >> as it happens the city of aden has lost its smile. however we the people of aden are holding on to the hope that the smile comes baca middle promises of the government to improve the situation. >> reporter: ending the war maya leave 80 the healthcare cries, but doctors without borders says soaring unemployment and poverty will continue to be obstacles for yemenis who need medical attention. and for patients like this, all they can t do is wait and hope. lebanese security forces say 10 people were arrested during saturday's demonstration in the capital. police pushed back protesters who tried to set fire to barricades in front of the government headquarters. it is the second weekend of mass
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rallies which began as a protest against rubbish piling up on the streets. the demonstration has become a wider campaign against the government. which protesters say it corrupt and ineffective. women in saudi arabia have started to register as candidates for municipal elections in december. it's the first time they have been able to do so in the conservative muslim kingdom. the late king abdullah granted women right to vote and run as candidates in 2011. according to local media. about 200 women expressed interest in running for office. well, however, still face a number of restrictions including a ban on driving. a republican presidential. new jersey governor chris christie wants to tackle illegal immigration by getting fedex to track visitors the way it tracks its parcels. immigration is of course a big issue in the campaign for republican nomination and christy says 40% of illegal
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immigrants first arrive in the u.s. legally with a visa. >> at any moment fedex can tell you where that package is, it's on the truck, it's at the so here is what i will do as president, i will ask fred smith the founder of fedex to come work for the government for three months. [ laughter ] in just come to three months for immigration and customs enforcement and show these people, guess what, of the 11 million people who are here illegally. 40% of them didn't come in over the southern border, 40% of them came in legally with a visa and over stayed their vehicles actual we need to have a system that tracks you from the moment you come in and then when your time is up, whether it's three months or six months or nine months or 12 months, however long your visa is, then we go get and you tap you on the shoulder and say excuse me, thanks to thin for come, time t. rails are being held to mark the international day. disappeared. in mexico at least 26,000 people
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have gone missing between 2006 and 2013. many of them were caught in the struggle between the government and the mexican drug cartels. and their relatives are now demanding some answers. john hulman sent this report. >> reporter: 11 days ago he rushed out of the house to see her brother buns go ahead in to a state police car with the license plate blacked out. >> the government is meant to protect us but they do this instead. how is it possible that they could kidnap an innocent person. >> reporter: anita loved to sketch and tattoo and gave juan a these stars and, now he's one of more than 5,000 people abducted. more than anywhere else in mexico. not just the cartels, but the armed forces snap people here.
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>> translator: maybe the kidnappings have gone down as the authorities have fought them. but the police and armed forces and the army and the navy have filled the gap kidnapping more people. [ inaudible ] as they try to infiltrate. [ inaudible ]. >> reporter: he has take own benito's case in the only human rights center left working in the state. even his small office was surrounded by marines last year. with activists and local media silenced, government forces and the cartels fight over a state that's a major transit point no drug smugglers as well as a route for migrants heading through to the u.s. border. honduran carlos found refuge in this shelter after being abducted and stripped of a you would he had. he was let go. but many more have not been so lucky. >> translator: just leaving here makes me scared. i could be kidnapped again. every weekend the gangs hang around here waiting to see if you come out.
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>> reporter: many simply vinish on the roads. their bodies never found. this is the first protest outside the local government offices here for her. but mexican authorities have never shown much interest in searching for the countries 26,000 disappeared. here civil organizations estimate that 99% of the cases have gone unresolved. juan a is just getting used to what thousands here have had to face up, to searching for her missing relative without official help. thousands of families in nepal are taking part in a festival to remember loved ones they lost last year. the events which takes back to the seventh century is all the more significant giving the 9,000 people killed in the powerful earthquake. we have this report from kathmandu valley.
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>> reporter: it's noisy and often rowdy. but this is a way that people in kathmandu valley come to terms with death. directly translated as the he festival of the cow, people whose family members died this year parade around the old city to remember them. many believe that these structures that symbolize cows help the dead cross over the gates of heaven. for the city, the festival is specially important this year. 343 people died here during april's earthquake. her father and son were killed. tran not a day goes by when i don't cry, my father had my son. [ inaudible ] but to have so many people out there who have also although of the their loved ones gives us a sense of peace. >> reporter: that's precisely what this festival is form the festival became famous in the
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17th century when the queen's son died she was inconsolable with grief. to show that she's not alone. the king ordered all those that had lost family members to come and parade around the city. in the old days this was also a way for the kings to conduct a census, over the years the festival has developed in to a day of free speech. >> translator: when that dynasty fell people could not freely protest so people used the day to. [ inaudible ] against the new rulers and tell them that it was a part of their culture so this day became a day of inning as well. dirk nepal's autocratic period this day was important for. [ inaudible ] >> reporter: but for those who are participating here, humor is just a side show. >> reporter: drowning their grief in the noises in the songs and dances, most hope that they can finally cope with their loss. al jazerra, nepal.
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and just time to reminds you that you can find much more on many of our stories on our website. that is what the front page is being looking like at the moment with the latest on those rallies in malaysia. the usual address to click onto, is hello, i'm richard gizbert, and you are at "the listening post". here are some of the media stories we are tracking. pentagon draws up rules of journalistic engagement in the war zone. they are getting flak. the death of a mafia boss in rome.


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