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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 31, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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♪ the e.u. calls an emergency meeting as the number of refugees entering europe hits unprecedented levels. ♪ ♪ hello, i am martin den let doha. also to come to the program. china arresters almost 200 people it accuses of spreading rumors about the stock market and the chemical blast. it's been signed deale and . but australia's deal with cambodia is in danger.
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and president obama on climate change. european ministers have called an emergency meet fore sent the 14th toe try to solve the region's growing refugees crisi crisis. the blocks' unquarted response has been called incoherents. 300,000 people have arrived in europe this year and that number continues to climb. hundreds of refugees, most of them syrian, continues to line up to trains in macedonia. the exhausted crowds are slowly being allowed to board. the train services run twice a day, dropping people at the northern most border between macedonia and serbia. meanwhile, greece is continue to go charter ferries packed with refugees from the island of lesbos to the mainlands, they have come under fire for not processing people properly instead shepherding them on towards macedonia.
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and hungary is under fire for this fence it's building along its southern board tore try to stop refugees making their way towards northern europe. the french foreign minister has criticized the fence saying it doesn't respect europe's common values. hungary has slammed that criticism as groundless. 50,000 people have already crossed in to hungary this month. and the government is looking at stiff hinstiffening the penaltir people who cross illegally. andrew simmons is in the capital budapest. >> reporter: for now this is home for people who left car car zones looking to sanctuary, and they can go no further. many weren't warned no the to buy international rare tickets, police stop them from boarding trains. this syrian mother spent the last of her savings on nonrefundable till et cetera. now she regrets not paying people smugglers instead.
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>> translator: i feel angry all countries helped us except hungary, macedonia let us cross, they let us use the train going tto serbia. every day we walked hours to reach the border and my feet became swing i had to carry my baby all the way and i am exhausted. >> reporter: she has little help. >> we cannot only blame the smugglers because we are giving an en sensitive for them. we are giving them better bids by not letting these people take the train. >> reporter: hungary's government is ignoring all criticism about how they are slappeddalling the crisis, it's preparing a raft of new legislation which could mean thousands of refugees are sent back to serbia a nearly all the refugees here have crossed from serbia. hungary is defining its neighbor as a safe third country, one of several changes.
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>> any is lie yum seeker who crosses serbia will have no valid claim their claim will be rejected at first sight without any consideration, not considering why they left war in syria, afghanistan or iraq. >> reporter: most of the efforts to help are voluntary. here donated produce is being prepared it feed more than 1,500 people. >> i just can't stay at home and see what's going on. we -- all of us here feel that we are human beings and we should respect and treat these refugees as other fellow human beings. so that they would not feel that they are treated as animals and terrorists. >> reporter: the hundred are you are grateful for the help. but it's going to get worse for them. there are plan to his clear so auld transit zones like this and enclose people in fenced off area as way from the public. these people came a long way to end up like this. and it could hardly be described
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as sanctuary or refuge. andrew simmons, al jazerra, budapest. the hungarian government has responded saying if people don't supply visas they are not loud to travel anywhere within the e you feel the foreign minister says a good european is one who keeps the rules of europe. saying: now, the australian government is up sifting that a deal to resettle its refugees in cambodia is still active. but reports from cambodia say the government there has no plan to his accept anymore people. the deal centers on the pacific island of nauru. an due thomas is following the
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details. >> reporter: a spokesperson for cambodia's interior minute steer has told a came bode vinnie newspaper that they have no plan to his take more refugees. australia's government has denied that's the case saying the deal is still on. but either way almost after year after it was signed just four refugees have be resettle for the holding camp effectively to tie lands. at a cost of about $40,000. so hugely expensive so far and if four refugees is the sum total. then prohibitive. stupidly expensive. this is all in the context of the hugely controversial refugees resettlement program that australia is supposed to have for those who come by boat to australia to be put first of all in holding camps in in guinea or n ncaa rue and have their claims assessed as the case so far in other countries.
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a report just published monday as details children so traumatized that they have tried to hang themselves, women being sexually abused in the camps. those are the allegations out there. the report recommendations are that australia speeds up processes in these camps and makes the whole process mitch more transparent. all's government doesn't deny the policies are tough but they say they need to be in order to deter people from come buying boat to australia. some politicians here in australia have said that european leaders could learn a bait from australia's tough approach. but refugees advocates say, yes, the boats have stopped but at what human cost? tthai police are looking for two more suspects after a bombing. a foreign female and foreign man. after searching an apartment in a suburb.
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they they uncovered vert pfizer and an explosive detonator. they arrested an unidentified foreign man. 20 people were killed at a shrine two weeks ago. chinese stayed media says around 200 people have been arrested for predding rumors over the stock market crash and the chemical blasts. more than 100 people died following the explosions earlier this month. and last week saw almost a 9% drop in the markets. adrian brown reports. >> reporter: china's official news agency says that 197 people have in its words, been punished. but it won't specify what those punishments are, they have been accused of spreading rumors, spreading falls reports connected to those twin explosions as well as the to falling stoke stock market. among those who have been punish second degree a journalist, he works for the respected monthly magazine, his crime was to
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report back in july that the government was preparing to end its ends vision? the stock market by withdraw some of its funds the government denied it but the market still fell. so clearly the government is blame that go journalist for what happened. today that journalist we want on state tv. he was a picture of contrition as economy fessed to causing panic and disorder. and he apologized to all those investors who lost money. now stayed media tends to favor these sorts of taped conventions. we saw the same thing just a few months ago when another prominent journalist was arrested and accused of leaking state secrets. she is 71 years old. and was jailed for seven years. the problem that the chinese journalists have and also foreign journalist is his this, it's difficult to know what the definition is of rumor mongering or leaking state secrets. the goal posts simply keep getting moved.
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north america's tallest mountain is being renamed and president obama is heading to alaska to make it official. laalaska has long called the mot denali now the federal government is repping newsin re. it's a symbolic issue. daniel lak reports. >> reporter: this week president obama will see for himself both the glorious landscape of alaska and how it's being devastated by climate change. glaciers, permafrost and sea ice are all meltings as the president himself said coastal erosion is wash ago way communities forcing people to flee. >> if another country they wanted to wipeout an american town we would do everything in our power to protect ourselves, chime at change poses the same threat right know. >> reporter: environmental assists agree but they don't like his administration's decision to a prove offshore oil
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drilling by shell in the sea off alaska am north slope. as the drill rig left seattle earlier this year, protesters some in kayaks, tried to slow it down, making their feelings known. the president they say, says one thing and does not. goes to alaska to tuck about the urgency of climate change while approving arctic drilling which scientists have been crystal clear is 100 billion-barrels of oil that must stay in the ground if we are to stop the worst effects of climate change. >> yet hydrocarbons drive the economy in alaska. owe oil prices are raising fears of cut back to his state services. at an international conference, state officials tell the president not to take steps that could hurt their most important industry. >> what i think we need to do is try to find that middle ground. you know, where we can bring sustainable development, where
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we can responsibly draw on those resources, to meet not just our needs and the needs of that community but the world's needs for fossil fuels going forward. but also to bear in mind there is an environmental cost to this we need to balance all of that. >> reporter: here is proof. melting sea ice is behind in gathering of walruses thousands of them, forced ashore facing starvation and unable to stay in normally ice bound ocean hunting ground, alaska's wildlife and its people face climate change like few others other earth. as the first sitting president to visit american arctic, mr. obama will call for tougher global measures against climate change. but he has to balance the dependence of an entire state and to an ex-10 the u.s. economy too on the industry that many say is driving global warming. daniel lack, al jazerra, washington. we have a lot more to come here at al jazerra, including overwhelmed with casualties, hospitals in the yemeni city of aden struggle to cope.
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and can thailand' military government deal with a faltering economy? we'll take a closer look. great time for a shiny floor wax, no? not if you just put the finishing touches on your latest masterpiece. timing's important. comcast business knows that. that's why you can schedule an installation at a time that works for you. even late at night, or on the weekend, if that's what you need. because you have enough to worry about.
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>> al jazeera america primetime. get the real news you've been looking for. at 7:00, a thorough wrap-up of the day's events. then at 8:00, john seigenthaler digs deeper into the stories of the day. and at 9:00, get a global perspective. weeknights, on al jazeera america. ♪ ♪ hello again, i am martin dennis and these are the top stories here at al jazerra. european ministers have called an medical meet to go try to solve the ream un's growing refugees crisis in has down i can't hundreds of people have been boarding trains bound to serbia. the you were says 300,00 300,00e arrived in the europe so far this year.
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the australian government insists a deal to reset refugees in cambodia is still off. but reports from combo i can't say the government has no plans to accept anymore people. china says it's arrested around 200 people for spreading rumors about last week's stock market crash and the chemical blasts. all right, more now on the top story. the refugees crisis currently affecting europe. now, some countries up sift this growing crisis is forcing them to be more flexible. john psaropoulos reports from greece which is one of the main entry points for the thousands arriving every day. >> reporter: another group of syrian refugees arrives from the greek islands in the port. among them many young men escaping army service or conscription by the islamic state of iraq and the los levan. mohamed is a 25-year-old economic student. he says his family dislikes
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syrian president bashar al-assad, but he doesn't want to die fighting him. he wants to finish his studies. >> the situation in syria is very, very bad. because the war is big. and there are many, many groups in syria. >> reporter: and what is happening now on the streets? >> the people killed, the people killed in any any, any, any place in syria. >> reporter: these numbers monitored by the united nations overwhelm not only the greek authorities, they have cut through the treaty which established border controls and they have forced germany to declare it will ignore a rule to return asylum applicant to greece and process syrians directly. 300,000 refugees have crossed in to europe this year. two-thirds of three through greece and the number rises by thousands daily. almost all qualify for asylum, officially they must remain here
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and apply from greece. in practice, they are walking across internal european borders, the sheer size of the phenomenon has suspended the rules. greece's former migration minister says as soon as europe realizes the events have overtaken the law, it will help. >> translator: practically speaking when thousands of refugees are on the move you cannot close your borders and pretend that you have treaties and convention that his enable to you prevent the flow of this enormous population. greece and italy which have received the greatest number of people want our up to sort out who is a refugees in middle eastern cons let's. >> translator: the idea is to use humanitarian visas through which europe assures three things, safer passage for refugees, secondly that it will neutralize smugglers who prosper from the suffering the refugees and third it will have security. because it will know who comes onto european soil and deals with the threat that some them
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might be jiha jihadis. >> reporter: but europe doesn't seem politically red and it's pressure is increasing other al jazerra sigh lum applications reached 123,000 in july. an all-time high. experience shows that policy follows facts. the question is, how far behind them it will be. john psaropoulos, al jazerra, athens. isil has blown of part of the temple of bench left in palmyra. they are said to have used more than 30-tons of explosive to his detroit part of the unesco world heritage site. the temple was built in 30 for b.c. and one of the most significant structure in pal my i can't coming just a week after isil released immaterial generallies showing them blowing up another temple. the world health organization has made a deal to pro aid aid to the people of yemen. some have been injured saudi-led
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airstrikes which targeted houthi rebels who control large parts of the country. while the heavy fighting in the southern port city of aden has stopped the hospitals are struggling to recover from months of war. people want the government to do more and to help the sick and wounded. natasha ghoneim reports. >> reporter: the war's casualties have packed aden's hospital beds. the crisis has overwhelmed the already frag i go let care system. it's has pushed doctors to the limits of the care that they can provide. he was injured during fighting, he lost his leg and needs advanced care which is unavailable here. >> translator: there is still shrapnel in my body. we hope that the government considers our situation and sends us abroad for treatment to remove the shrapnel and provide with us prosthetic legs. >> reporter: relative calm has returned to aden.
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fighters loyal to president hadi pushed out houthi rebels last month. but people living here say the healthcare system in the city needs helpful many hospitals are closed. those that are open are operating at capacity. >> translator: there is some improvement, particularly in providing medications but the big problem now is the wounded and their evacuation. >> reporter: humanitarian organizations include doctors without borders are stepping in to fill the void in aden, and across the country. yet the security situation continues to hamper their ability to treat those in need. >> translator: as a happy city aden has lost its smile. however, with the people -- we the people of aden are hold to this hope that the smile comes back amidst promises of the government to improve the situation. >> reporter: edging the war may alleviate the healthcare crisis but doctors without borders says
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soaring unemployment and poverty will continue to be obstacles no yemenis who need medical attention, and for patients like this, all they can do is wait and hope. natasha ghoneim, al jazerra. women in saudi arabia have start today register as candidates for municipal elections in december. this is the first time they can run as well as vote in elections. about 200 women have reportedly expressed an interest in running for office. china's latest armed drone has made its first flight think beijing says the unmanned aircraft called rainbow five will change the game in air strikes. here is more from the chinese capital beijing. >> reporter: unveiling a new drone will not come as any surprise to the international communality but it will raise eyebrows in military circles it weighs in at just under three tapps can carry a payload of just under opportunity ton and can fly longer, at least five
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times longer than its nearest chinese rival. a drone like this has been seen as one that could potentially be used in the south china sea area, an area that is already causing tensions between china and its regional neighbors, as china makes claims to certain land and sea resources. also china is saying that it is willing to sell its drone technology to anybody that wants it within international law. and international perimeters. and we are seeing countries like nigeria take advantage of that cooperation. in its fight against boko haram. something that will certainly please the americans on the ground level, but also in the long-term would certainly worry americans, the american administration, because they would like to try to get inroads in no those markets in the long-term but their hands are tied by their own lawmakers who certainly with a very fine tooth comb decide which countries can use american technology and
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certainly nigeria is not one of them. not long-term, china will be wants to go try to export its technology certainly to its allies and those countries that want drone technology will certainly in the next few weeks be making that approach. now, another round of colombian peace talks ended in cuba. the rebel group farc has been mostly zipping its unilateral ceasefire but the country is still technically at war, many are increasingly from us straighted at the lack of progress. >> reporter: on the streets bogota's high end shopping district. colombclock colombias long diste conflict feels like a distant threat. here fashion rather than fighting is at the poor front of people's mind. >> because the fighting doesn't reach the cities a lot of people here feel it's not their problem. it's somebody else's problem, that's how it works. >> reporter: some people say the
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talks only legitimize the farc. they are unlap i their government is talking to those they consider criminals. >> translator: the peace process a fraud. i don't believe in it. we would like to have a peace process, but a sear yeah one. the government is surrendering to the gorilla. this isn't a civil war, they are just criminals. >> reporter: when peace negotiations started two and a half years ago, a majority of colombians were supportive and optimistic. but as talks have dragged on, patience has run thin. >> they say because the colombian government has done a bad job of communicating both difficulties it has encountered at the negotiating table and the successes they have had at the same time the farc have continued combating the security forces and population which has not helped its image towards the population in general. >> reporter: today both huh tanaka is relatively safe. but you don't have to look far to see the legacy of half a century of war.
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soldiers on the street are still a common sight around bogota. a reminder of the city's violent past. and while the security situation is greatly improved here in recent years, elsewhere in the country, the conflict continues to be a daily reality. southwest is a region which has long suffered from the conflict like many in this area, maria is a victim of the violence. her son stepped on a lands mine and survived. her brother wasn't so lucky. he was killed by the farc still she says, it's now time to forgive. >> translator: we are still very positive about the peace talks. we hope we can get peace because we have lived too many years with the uncertainty of conflict. we are willing to forgive. it's better to forgive than to continue living with hatred. >> reporter: support for the peace process is strongest in those parts of the country directly affected by the war. the victims of conflict remain hopeful that their patience will
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one day be rewarded with peace. al jazerra, colombia. the former thai prime minister has appeared before the supreme court to submit documents in the rice subsidy case against her. she was charged with negligence of duty after it was found the government bought rice from farmers above the market rate. she says the charges against her are politically motivated. the recent bromming and political upheaval in thailand have added more pressure to an already struggling thai economy. 200 advisers have been brought in to try to help things turn around. have you ron ca pedroza takes a look now at the economic challenges facing the military-led government. >> reporter: to buy or not to buy decisions at a grocery store in bangkok are reflex a deeper problem in thailand's economy.
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domestic consumption is declining as are external demands. production output contracted too. showing some of the weakest numbers outside of a recession. the shoppers we spoke to say they are concerned. >> translator: i am personally affected by slow economy. i am also a seller. icon "consider this" see the drop of sale. >> a slow economy does affect my family and me. we try to be economical and spend only what we need. we don't dare to buy much. >> reporter: these are some of the main ingredient for the famous thai spacey soup. the asian financial crisis back in 1997 started here and it came to be named after the soup. crisis are there makings now for a similar dramatic downturn. >> translator: we haven't seen any positive sign until the end
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of this year to help the economy. there is no governmental stimulus package. we do hope that any governmental projects can be soon realized think these projects will especially help the economy for grass root people. the military government convened more than 20 experts in a committee to put together a program for economic reform remember the forecasts for national economic growth keeps being revised downward even in a year of integration for southeast asian nations that's meant to stimulate trade and investment. >> our best kept scenario for the economy my for the next five years the average would be about 3%. it is the lowest acceptable but. [ inaudible ] paradox on one hands being. [ inaudible ] but on the other hand we perform less well when comparing with our competitor. >> reporter: this shopper decides not to buy that bag of sugar after all. another small indicator of the lack of confidence weaken is
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thailand's economy. veronica pedroza, al jazerra, bangkok. you can find out a lot more about the day's top stories as ever on the al jazerra website. there is a lot of background information and a lot of analysis as well. >> the colorado river. the lifeblood of the american west. from the rockies down to mexico, nearly 40 million people rely on it for water. and for some, it means a lot more than that. >> the river, to me, means homeland and our natural boundary for our people. we use it for life. we use it for livelihood. >> wahleah johns and her uncle, marshall, are from the navajo nation.