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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 31, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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the eu calls an emergency meeting as the number of refugees entering europe hits unprecedented levels. ♪ hello, i'm in doha and also to come on the program, signed and sealed but a deal between australia and cambodia to settle refugees is now in doubt. barack obama heads to alaska to tackle the tricky topic of climate change plus. i'm charles stratford in ethiopia in a mine shaft and
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looking for a stone hoping to bring this country great wealth. ♪ european ministers have called for an emergency meeting on september the 14th to try to solve the region's growing refugee crisis, the blocks uncoordinated response so far has been described as incoherent. according to the u.n. 300,000 people arrived in europe this year and that number continues to climb and hundreds of refugees most syrian are continuing to line up for trains in macedonia, exhausted crowds slowly being allowed to board, train services run twice a day dropping people at the northern most border between macedonia and serbia. meanwhile greece is continuing to have ferries packed with refugees from the island for the mainland. they have come under fire for not processing people properly
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instead shepherding them to macedonia. hungry under fire for this fence that it is buildings along its southern border to try to stop refugees to making their way to northern europe and they criticized the fence saying it doesn't represent their values and hungry slammed the criticism as groundless. well, 50,000 people crossed into hungry this month alone as the government is looking at stiffening the penalties for people who cross illegally and andrew simmons is in the capitol budapest. >> reporter: this is home for people who left war zones looking for sanctuary and they can go no further. many were not warned to buy international tickets and police stopped them from boarding trains. this syrian mother spent the last of her savings on nonrefundable tickets and
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regrets not paying people smugglers instead. >> translator: i feel angry. all countries helped us except hungry and macedonia let us used the train to serbia and we walked and my feet became swollen and i had to carry my baby all the way. i'm exhausted. >> reporter: she has little help and few volunteers giving advice to volunteers. >> we cannot blame the smugglers because we are giving them better business by not letting the people take the train. >> reporter: ignoring all criticism about how it's handling this crisis and stands accused of stripping away the rights of refugees and preparing new legislation which could mean thousands of refugees are sent back to serbia. nearly all of the refugees here have crossed from serbia, hungry is defining its neighbor as a
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safe third country, one of several changes. >> any asylum seeker who crossed here will have no base in hungry and will be rejected at first sight without protection and why they left war in syria and afghanistan and iraq. >> reporter: most of the efforts to help refugees are voluntary. here donated juice is being prepared to feed more than 1500 people. >> couldn't stay at home and see what is going on. all of us here feel that we are human beings and we should respect and treat these refugees as other human beings so they would not feel that they are treated as animals and terrorists. >> reporter: the hungry are grateful for the help but it's going to get worse for them. there are plans to clear so called transit zones like this and includes people in fenced-off areas away from the public. these people came a long way to
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end up like this and hardly could be described as sanctuary or refuge. all right, we can cross live to andrew who is in budapest and tell us exactly where you are, andrew. >> well, i'm in the justice ministry which is also the prime minister's office and with me is covach who is the government spokesperson. now, in that report we refer to these tightingly of asylum law amendments and it's difficult for them to have rights. >> it's not about asylum but illegal border crossing and 150,000 people come through the green borders without any kind of discipline, order and law and what we are trying to establish is the borders of hungry or serbia which is a border is law
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an order and puts some kind of discipline in the huge influx of illegal migrants. >> the order of law for refugees who are escaping from an absolute appalling war in syria, is that really the right approach? >> it's the best interest of those arriving through the green borders who might be refugees or might be only economic migrants we don't know because they don't have papers and no way of proving their identities to establish the rules. it is only through rules that not only hungry but the eu would be able to handle that. >> the international office of migration, abundance of human rights groups are asked for coordinated approach and ask for hungry to be more logical and careful and coordinated in its approach regarding their building up 175 kilometer fence. aren't you at least considering being more careful with the refugees and wanting to actually
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give them sanctuary in the rest of europe rather than turn them around and send them away? >> you use a word that should be corrected because up until we establish the identity we don't know if they are refugees or not and coming through four, five and seven countries and arriving from the countries in the world to the eu should be fillered, should be put under some kind of discipline to establish the right entities and couldn't be more coordinated when we keep the subsidies existing. >> are you in talks that germany indicated it will let syrian refugees into germany, it won't be the first port of entry in the case of asylum seekers so what is going on there, have you made any attempt to contact germany or they contact you so they can arrange with syrians many of whom we have spoken to who are so confused and stuck and living rough outside one of your rail stations.
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>> that is a problem and resent german decorations are confusing and this morning we turned to germany to clarify. at the moment and the past couple of months hungry was philosophying philosophying -- fulfilling and going to fulfill this. >> what measures in brief terms as you put it to cause more discipline an order in this situation? >> we simply don't have time to wait for the eu. it's unacceptable that hundreds of thousands of people keep coming through your green worry ders without discipline and we reenforced the borders and have an temporary fence and border to patrol and we will have a new legal environment possibly at the end of the week when parliament has a special session. >> thank you very much indeed for joining us and there we have
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it, back to the studio. >> live in budapest. australia government says the deal it has to resettle its refugees in cambodia is still on. the reports from cambodia say the government there has no plans to accept any more people. now, the deal centers on the pacific island of malroo where u australia built a camp to house refugees in 2012. >> this is an important agreement and it's an agreement which indicates cambodia's readiness to be a good intercitizen as everyone knows. when cambodia was in troublesome years ago the world rallied to cambodia's help and cambodia is happy as a good national citizen to do its part now that it's in much better shape than it was a
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couple decades ago. >> that was the australian prime minister and andrew thomas is there a correspondent following developments from sidney. >> a spokesperson for cambodia's interior ministry told a cambodia's newspaper the country has no plans to take any more refugees from naroo to cambodia and they denied the case and says the deal is still on but either way almost a year after it was signed just four refugees have been resettled from the holding camp effectively in naroo to cambodia at a cost of $40 million u.s. dollars they paid cambodia to take refugees and it's hugely expensive and four refugees is the sum total and prohibitly stupidly expensive and all in the context of this hugely controversial refugee resettlement program. australia is supposed to have for those who come by boat to australia to be put first of all
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in holding camps in new guinea and resettled or not as the case is so far in other countries. these camps hugely controversial. a report just published on monday has detailed some of the allegations of abuse in the naroo camp, the report recommendations are australia speeds up processing in these camps and makes the whole process much more transparent. australia's government doesn't deny the policies are tough but they say they need to be in order to deter people from coming by boat to australia and some politicians in australia said that european leaders could learn a bit troll the tough approach but advocates say the boats have stopped but at what human costs. looking for to suspects in a resent bombing in bangkok and arrest warrants for a 26-year-old thai woman and a man after searching an apartment and
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uncovered fertilizer and explosives and a detonator and on saturday they arrested an unidentified foreign man, at least 20 people were killed in the bombing at the erdiwan shrine two weeks ago. the tallest mountain being renamed and barack obama is heading to alaska to make it official. alaska long called the mountain da -- denali and president obama is calling for action on clie it in change and daniel lack reports. >> reporter: this week president obama will see for himself the glorious landscape of alaska and how it's being devastated by climate change. glasers and perma fras and it's washing away communities forcing people to flee. >> if another country threatened
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to wipe out an american town we would do everything in our power to help ourselves and climate change poses the same threat right now. >> reporter: environmentalists agree but don't like the decision to approve off-shore oil drilling by shell in alaska's north slope. as the drill rig left seattle earlier this year in kayaks they tried to slow it down making their feelings known and the president says one thing on climate change and does another. >> he is talking about climate change and just approving arctic drilling which scientists have been crystal clear is hundred billion barrels of oil that have to stay on the ground if we are to fight climate change. >> reporter: royalties and creating job especially among the indigenous population and raising fears of cutbacks to state services.
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at an international conference on climate change in ankle -- anchorage they will take steps to help the industry. >> we will try to find the middle ground bringing sustainable development and draw on those resources to meet not just our needs but the needs of the community but the world's needs for fossil fuels going forward and also to bear in mind there is an environmental cost to this, we need to balance all of that. >> reporter: here is proof, melting sea ice with walruses forced to shore and facing starvation and in the hunting grounds and alaska wildlife and people face climate change like few others on earth. visiting the arctic mr. obama will call for tougher measures against climate change but has to balance the independence of the entire state and the u.s.
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economy too on an industry that many say is driving global warming, daniel lack, al jazeera, washington. a lot more to come at al jazeera including china punishing 200 people accused of spreading rumors about the stock market and the chemical blast and plus can thailand's military government deal with a faltering economy, we will take a look. ♪ >> architecture does inspire social change. >> every tuesday night. >> i lived that character. >> go one on one with america's movers and shakers. >> we will be able to see change. >> gripping. inspiring. entertaining. talk to al jazeera.
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>> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the sound bites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is. >> ray suarez hosts "inside story". only on al jazeera america. ♪ hello again, let's have a look at the top stories at al
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jazeera, european ministers called for emergency meeting to try to solve the region's growing refugee crisis, macedonia hundreds bordering trains to serbia, the u.n. says 300,000 people arrived in europe so far this year. australian government insists a deal to resettle the refugees in cambodia is still on and reports from cambodia say the government has no plans to accept any more people. thai police looking for two new suspects in a resent bombing in bangkok and issued arrests warrants for a 26-year-old thai woman and foreign man and 20 people were killed in the bombing at the erdiwan shrine two weeks ago. let's go back to the top stories of the refugee crisis that is gripping much of europe. among all the finger pointing and eu infighting so many of these refugees is the life
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continues to be a real struggle with thousands forced to remain in hungry, al jazeera has been speaking to one of those stuck in a detention center in budapest. >> i'm mohamed and come from syria, my country has been destroyed. my wife is dead. and it struck our residence. my car was burned and my wife died in the house as the whole building collapsed because of the assad air strike and got out through turkey hoping we could make it to europe. they placed us in a boat in the middle of the sea three times we almost drown in the deep sea. the whole family us was about to died and i prayed to god, dear god we are your servants, oh, god spare us and protect us oh, dear god and thanks to god, by the grace of god we managed to make it safe and arrived in greece. in greece they put us on a boat and robbed me and took 1,000 euros, 200 dollars along with my
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personal syrian identification card and left me with nothing, nothing, no syrian document, nothing to identify me, not a single penny. for five days it was quite disgraceful and humiliating in athens, some young men collected money to help me and trying to help me make it and see my own children. it has been 20 days and i have not washed my clothes and it's humiliating here. what can i do with these young people, what can i do to help them? there is no water to wash them with, no food, no decent water to drink. there is nothing for them at all. look at this, this is their meal. this is what we are supposed to feed our children with. what can keep them alive. is this a meal? is this food? in 24 hours one sandwich. you can eat it all in one bite, it won't satisfy their hunger. this is unfair. very unfair. where is humanity in all this?
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we fled a war and are stuck in a prison. i'm stuck here, what can i do, what do they want us to do, why can't their free us, are we here as prisoners? what are we? tell us. yes, convicts sentenced to death and why are we locked up and what is the reason behind this and if we knew this was the way they would treat us in prison we would not have left the home land, the home land is precious, quite precious, the soil, memories everything there is dear to us. >> reporter: i.s.i.l. has blown up part of the temple of bell in palmyra and used explosives to blowup the heritage site and it was built in 32 bc and one of the most significant structures in palmyra and comes just a week after i.s.i.l. showed pictures
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blowing up palmyra's bal-shalmine temple. deal with saudi arabia to provide aid to the people of yemen and 15 million people are in urgent need of medical care but the hospitals are overwhelmed and many clinics damaged in the fighting and saudi-led air strikes have benatar getting houthi rebels since march. chinese state media says 200 people arrested for spreading rumors over the stock market and people died following the explosions earlier this month and there was a 9% drop in the market and adrian brown has more from beijing. >> reporter: china's official news agency says 197 people have in its words been punished but won't specify what the punishments were and accused of spreading rumors and spreading false reports connected to the
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explosions in tianjin as well as to the falling stock market. those who were punished is a journalist who works for the respected monthly magazine and his crime was to report back in july that the government was preparing to end its intervention in the stock market by withdrawing some of its funds. the government swiftly denied that but the market still fell so clearly the government is blaming that journalist for what happened. well today that journalist went on tv and he was a picture as he confessed to causing panic and disorder and apologized for those who lost money and they favor these sorts of taped confessions and saw the same thing a few months ago when another prominent journalist was arrested and accused of leaking state secrets. she is 71 years old and was jailed for seven years. the problem that chinese and
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foreign journalists have is this, it's difficult to know what the definition is of leaking state secrets and the goal posts simply keep getting moved. >> to thailand again and the recent bombing of the political upheaval in the country added more pressure to an already struggling economy, 200 advisors brought in to help turn things around and veronica takes a look at the economic challenges facing the military-led government. >> to buy or not to buy? shoppers' decisions at a grocery store in bangkok are reflecting a deeper problem in the economy, domestic private consumption are declining as is external demand. export figures we expect to come in negative this year. production outputs contracted too showing some of the weakest numbers outside of a recession. the shoppers i spoke to say they
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are concerned. >> translator: i am personally affected by slow economy, i am also a seller and i can see drop off sale. >> a slow economy does affect my family and me and try to be economical and spend what we need, we don't dare to buy much. >> reporter: these are some of the main ingredients for the famous thai spicy soup, the asian financial crisis back this 1997 started here and it came to be called a crisis. the makings are there now in 2015 for a similar, dramatic downturn. >> translator: we haven't seen any positive sign until the end of the year to help the economy, there is no governmental stimulus package and hope any governmental projects can be realized. these projects will especially help the economy for grass root people. >> reporter: the military governments convened more than 20 experts in a committee to put
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together a program for economic reform. the forecastings for national economic growth is revised downward even in a year of integration for southeast asia nations that is meant to stimulate trade investment. >> coming to thailand is the average would be about 3%. it's the lowest and that is a paradox on one hand being shorter but on the other hand perform less well compared to the competitor. >> reporter: decides not to buy the sugar after all and the lack of confidence weakening thai's economy, al jazeera, bangkok. ethiopia has one of the fastest growing economies in africa and with it an expanding mining, industry. the government is trying to clump down on corruption while encouraging its growth and
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charles stratford went to the wallow district in the northeast of the country where mining, is a growing trade. >> reporter: the ethiopian highlands are often called the roof of africa, it's a rugged and breathtakingly beautiful landscape and has precious gem experts around the world very excited, opals, exceptional high quality and meet a group of minor as they head back to their villa village. the work is very, very hard this man tells me. look at the blue in that. he has been mining, for two yea years. he and 12 other men work in this 40 meter long tunnel. the group earn up to 2500 a week for the stones they find. he has been digging here for
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about 20 minutes now and he is just cracked into a piece of rock and you can see here this is the opal and the guys who work this mine say on a good week they can pull out around 50 kilos of these bones. there is nothing to support the roof of the tunnel. he says the last time a minor was killed here was three years ago. >> atlanta slides happen when it rains, it's frightening when you are inside the tunnel but i don't want to stop this work until i'm successful. >> reporter: the government has supplied the miners with basic tools and wants to improve basic health standards and they form cooperatives and sell most of the raw opals for processing abroad. >> translator: since we formed the cooperatives we have been able to save money. some of our friends bought cars, others are buying houses.
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>> reporter: this is one of only two gem stone workshops and ethiopia opal industry generates around $25 million a year, a long way behind australia which produces 90% of the world's opals, this on the left is worth around $5 per caret and increase in value as you move along the line and the last stone is around $150 per caret and valued over $3,000, all are found in ethiopia. the government plans to establish infrastructure here to sell cut and polished stones. >> we are now inviting investors, mining, companies with experience to come to ethiop ethiopia. >> reporter: the opal is known as the queen of gems and men like he continue digging despite the risks involved, charles
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stratford, northern ethiopia. you want to find out more about ethiopia opal mining, trade you can find out about it on the website and the top stories as you can see at the hungry refugee not fit for animals is a claim by france and all that and more on al hospital. saturday is the 10th anniversary of hurricane katrina making land fall in louisiana. while the category 3 storm brought destruction.