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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 4, 2015 1:00pm-1:31pm EDT

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clasheclashes with riot pols hungary cracks down on refugees threatening jail for some border offenses. ♪ ♪ i am lauren taylor this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up the new saudi king arrives in the u.s. the united arab emirates blames the houthis for attacks that killed 22 of its troops in yemen. underground lie barry it's one man's mission to bring more books to people in south africa. ♪ ♪
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hello. hundrehungary's parliament has d a series of laws that could see refugees and migrants jailed. making it a criminal offense to to crash or damage the fence they are building along the border with sea sear bee actual. refugees have broken down barriers and clashed are riot police, they closed their border with serbia after several hundred people broke out i've nearby camp. hungary's prime minister says he was prepared to close the border with croatia should large numbers of refugees start coming there. thousands are trying to pass through hungary with most attempting to reach germany. thousands more remain stranded stranded at train stations in butte pest and bicske. some are trying to make it on foot. the distance is significant,
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640-kilometers through austria to reach munich. a fast track center in greece in response to the huge numbers arriving in main land greece, the thoroughfare for those want to go travel onto western europe. the center will determine who is a refugees fleeing persecution or war and therefore entitled to asylum in usual. anyone considered a economic migrant will be sent home. andrew simmons is live for us in budapest. i understand, andrew that you're with some of the people trying to make the journal on foot now. so what has been going on? >> reporter: this is an extraordinary situation, such a sharp contrast to events in bicske. i actual actually nearly 30-kilometers outside the budapest now. on the n1 motorway, would you believe. and look at this. the traffic is resumed again, at one stage the motorway was closed and these people, i have been here now for this location
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for more than 10 minutes. and this stream has continued throughout. and look beyond it. it goes right the way back. well over 1,000 marchers of mainly syrian origin. refugees fleeing war. there are a range of people here. men, the majority, but there are also families, just look i think to the side here. this little boy here making his own way. his mother or certainly another woman down there. there is an extraordinary atmosphere here, one of massive resolve. one of determination. one of a degree of fear because no one trusts the police. the police have been helping all the way, but then they help people get on trains that went to destinations that weren't
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expected. the police -- >> and andrew -- sorry. >> reporter: the police were part of that practice, they led the operation. yes, lohr glen sorr lauren, so e people at least have water but don't seem to be carrying very much at all with em this. how will they manage if they are determined to keep walking how will get get food and water along the way? >> reporter: you are probably thinking like me. i first of all thought this was all about a bit far fetched when it set out from the main rail station in budapest but now i am actually thinking they could make. it because they have a pretty well organized system with hungarian volunteers who have just come along and come to the railway station to help out. and there are many of them. and there are stop-off point as long the routes where they are getting fruits. not a lot of food but fruits and water. and so you can see the bottle says they are all carrying. those bottles were provided at
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the last rest spot and the bananas they have got and their own biscuit asks things base anything a bag there. you know, you can see just very lightweight stuff. that's pretty sensible when you consider how far they are traveling. they ever done more than 30 -- around more than 30-kilometers on this day alone. and it could be, if they keep this pace, obviously they will be resting and sleeping overnight on their rubber mattresses and their -- i think they have sleeping bags some of them. but it would seem that they could do this within four days. potentially. if they are not stopped. and that's the big issue, lauren. if police actually do let them do this, and, of course, what happens at the border. >> indeed. andrew simmons with the extraordinary scenes there near budapest of families along the motorway, thank you for that report andrew simmons near budapest. the u.n. high commission for refugees says europe must crack
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down on human traffickers and protect the victims of people smuggling. he calls the us a did he definig moment for europe. >> my appeal is for the european states to recognize that these are exception the moments and it requires exceptional measures that europe as a whole has to respond in solidarity. and that this is also a battle for values in which europe cannot fail. jacky rowland is in luxembourg where e.u. foreign ministers have arrived to discuss the crisis. >> reporter: pressure is really growing now on european union leaders to come up with some kind of a coherent coordinate ahead preach towards the 10s of thousands of refugees who are turning up in europe. up until now, the approach has been very patchy. we have seen in particular the frontline countries like greece and italy and hungary struggling to deal with all of these daily rifles pretty much.
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whereas the countries in western europe often the destination countries for those refugees thus far haven't really been coordinating their poll at thises. it's difficult to see, though, how the leaders will be able to reach some kind of a common poll at this when you bear in mind the huge differences of a opinion that exist across the european union. some countries like france and germany are saying we need to have an organized si system for sharing the new arrivals throughout member states. other countries, particularly eastern european countries, and the unite united kingdom who ary wary about the idea of taking in large numbers and particularly reluctant, refusing to accept any kind of imposed quotas. that's the position we are at at e.u. ministers meet saturday to really trying try to figure figure out some kind of common response to the crisis.
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>> a drown toddler has now been buried on long with his brother and mother. they were laid to rest in kobane. they all drowned when their inflatable boat capsized shortly after embarking from the greek island of kos. the boy's for they are who survived once against spoke about their ordeal. >> translator: it was my third attempt at making the crossing with the same smuggler. i bore aid six-meter boat with my sons and wife. there were 12 people on board and the captain. he convinced me that the boat was in good condition to making the crossing. after about four minutes we were in rough seize and a big wave hit the boat. the captain jumped overboard and i tried to take over but then another wave hit and we capsized. i tried to catch my wife and boys and resuscitate them. but i couldn't. they were dead.
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♪ ♪ saudi arabia's king salman is in washington, d.c. for a long-awaited visit with the u.s. president barack obama. the meeting is being held behind closed doors and expected to focus on the wars in syria and yemen. the relationship between the u.s. and saudi arabia has cooled since the king didn't attend a joint u.s. council meet that go barack obama invited him to earlier this year. king salman is expected to raise concerns the saudis have over the iran nuclear deal. patty culhane joins us now from washington, d.c. patty, what are the saudis hoping to get out of this meeting? >> reporter: military hardware. that's the short answer. basically they have come to accept that the president's iran deal will get through the u.s. congress and so now what they are seeking is reassurance from the obama administration that they will sell them the military equipment that they feel is necessary to counter act iran's influence in the region, now we
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have known since camp david when the president invited the g.c.c. leaders months ago what they were talking about special forces training, better maritime such as frig ats, also talking about miss less, bullets those sorts of things. we don't know what the package makeup will be. reports are said to be they will spends a billion dollars on that. it has to go through congress so it will take time. they have been talking behind the scenes the senior staff trying to figure tout. usually when they have these sorts of high-level meetings they like to have an announcement of a deal that will go through. but we are hearing not to expect that on this visit. >> what are the priorities for the u.s.? >> reporter: the president made statements and i think it laid it out pretty clearly. iran was not his top talking point. the first thing he talked about was yemen saying there needs to be a political solution and more humanitarian assistance needs to be let in. president will push the king to do that. now, something the administration has been calling
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for and didn't stop them from providing about $500 million worth of bombs and bull totes replenish saudi's arsenal over the summer. the other thing he mentioned was syria. he said that they need to work to come up with some sort of political solution, we have heard that before but what was new when we talked to one of the president's top national security sad vosors he said the message will be they need to stop funding the most extreme of the opposition, those were in his words, so those are the two talking points for the obama administration, whether or not they will have any impact, we probably won't know for quite a while because that's the last time expect to hear from the president and the king. just that brief snippet in the oval office. >> thanks very much indeed. still to come on al jazeera, moroccans head to the polls and the vote widely viewed as a test of the government's popularity. plus. >> reporter: i am andrew thomas in australia. along a coastline that is developing a reputation as the shark attack capital of the world.
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some here are calling for a cull. but would that be ethical.
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reminder of the top stories here on al jazeera. hungary's parliament has pass aid series of laws that could see refugees and migrants jailed if this they cross in to its territory. a fast track processing center is to be set up i near athens. a turkish court has remanded in to custody four syrians after they were charged with the deaths of at least 12 people
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including a three-year-old boy whose boat capsized as they tried to reach kos. the mealing being held between closed doors and expected to focus on the wars in syria and yemen between president obama and king salman. uniteunited arab emirates s2 of its soldiers have been killed while fighting in generally. plamblaming it on an' an ammunis depot. >> reporter: it's the biggest lost in decades. the state minister for foreign affairs says it was taxed by a surface to surface missile. shia houthi fighters and forces loyal to deposed president saleh say they fired the plastic missile at the military base in eastern yemen killing dozens of emirates-y soldiers.
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the soldiers are singing the national an em. the deposed president saleh and the shia houthi allies have no reps here. this is the new army whose loyal toy is to yemen's government in exile. as the new chief of staff says victory over the houthi fighters and their ally is his not far away. >> translator: victory is near. we are in the process of building new armed forces that serve the country. >> reporter: commanders and security officials in the province are also discussing future plans. >> you are the yemenis armed, you are the security forces and popular resistence that retired the state and its pride. >> reporter: over the last weeks, the saudi-led coalition has september thousands of newly trained yemeni fighters and weaponry to the national army.
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and fighters loyal to yemen's president hadi who is in exile in saudi arabia. only two towns in the province are under houthi control. that's why the fight to clear them could be swift. and many predict the next target for this new fighting force could be the capital sanaa and the houthi strong hold. despite the losses the houthis and their allies don't put up a tough fight. battle for yemen is far from over. al jazeera. meanwhile bahrain says five of its soldiers about been killed in generally on the border of saudi arabia. protesters have taken to the streets in iraq demonstrating against the government over the lack of basic services, al jazeera's zeina khord has more. >> reporter: frustration is growing and people are losing patients it's been over a month since they start today take to the streets every friday agree demembersing change, and now we
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are hearing criticism now we are hearing criticism of al badi. at first they had faith in him. but believed that he could bring out change, he did promise a reform package, but little really has changed on the ground. al badi is facing opposition from within his ruling alliance and after talking to people here, a lot of them have been saying that he should withdraw from his party. and he should join the party of the people. and this was -- and i can tell you they are talking about a timetable and calling to resignation this is a very dangerous time in iraq. millions of moroccans are voting in land mark elections. it's the first regional vote since the general election of 2011. also seen as a test for the ruling party to see how popular
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it really is. >> reporter: it's a ballot moroccans hope will delegate more power to local government. you remembered proposals each community will have a local shelf governing authority responsible for its own budget. people here say they are fed up with their lives being run by politicians. based in the capital. >> our politicians care only about themselves and making money. that's completely insane it has to stop. we need change. >> reporter: morocco has didn't struggling with poverty, unemployment and corruption for year old. the new local councils are seen as the best way to encourage people to take part in how things are run. >> translator: regional councils air good a alternative. people are now saying they will vote for a candidate with a good record and above all, who is not corrupt. >> reporter: the elects, though, could be undermined if voters
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stay away from polling stations. high turn out are rare in morocco. >> these elections will surveys kind of barometer that will allow the regime to measure the level of trust in the whole reform process that is underway since 2011. >> reporter: 2011 was the year when mass demonstrations spread across the arab world, calling for democracy and change. the so-called arab spring. a new constitution was adopt ed in morocco and the conservative justice and development party won the elections the same year. a process many believe helped the country weather the storm that engulfed the region. this is a contest between to two major parties. the neither is expected to win a
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majority so it remains to be seen whether morocco's arch rivalrivals can set their diffee as side and form a coalition, al jazeera. guatemala's former president has appeared in court again after being remanded in custody on corruption allegations. he's being investigated for allegedly taking bribes in a customs scam but has did he made the charges, the investigation comes days ahead of the elections on sunday. an unprecedented number of shark attacks off australia's east coast has reignited a debate over whether culling is the only way to make waters safe for swim, he the new south wales state government is reviewing new control measures after 14 attacks. in the latest incident a man was knocked off his surfboard by a shark and mauled. andrew thomas reports from new south wales, australia.
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>> reporter: on the morning of july 31st, just 20 meet presser shore, former boxer craig was mauled by a great white shark. sat on his surfboard with the sharping trying to rip off his leg, he managed to fight back. >> i went whack, whack, whack, whack, four times. >> reporter: and it worked. >> it worked. >> reporter: for 10 seconds you reckon he was latched on. >> i reckon the whole thing bass about 10 seconds, yeah. >> reporter: he lost so much blood he almost died and spent all of august in hospital, full recovery could take years, as for getting back in the ocean. >> i wouldn't go back in the water no, way you could pay me $10 million i won't go in. i won't go in there until i know and believe it's safe. >> reporter: there is fear along the coast of australia. over the past 12 months a short stretch north of sydney has seen 14 people attack by sharks, two died. >> life si imitating art. it's a little bit like jaws, there is a lot fear i know surfers are reluctant to go in to the without early 89 why soma
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at, it could this be year's em nino is changing temperatures bringing sharks closer to shore or the heavier rain has watched nutrients in to the sea attracting small fish sharks feed on. another theory after a ban of shark hunting in 1999, more sharks are reaching maturity than before. what can be done to protect swimmers and surfers along the coast, that question has provoked fierce debate. some say nothing. that the ocean is the shark's territory, people have to accept a degree of risk. >> i have actually enjoyed the fact that the crowds have come down and getting to be days where you can surf with just a couple of mates out here, that would be unheard of once upon a time. >> reporter: but many want firm action. evening a cull through shooting sharks or shark netting which traps and kills them. at a community meeting recently, a majority were in favor. >> that cull word conjures up the thought of taking out a lot of sharks. we can isolate the seven sharks
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that have been around for a while, but when you take out one or two, you know, they do it in other parts of the world as well. >> reporter: but culls are controversial. when one began in the west of australia last year, hundreds protested. although great white numbers have grown in recent years, they are still much lower than they once were. >> reporter: greg says he wouldn't want the particular shark that attacked him killed. he feels it gave him half a chance. but he does want action. people he thinks deserve more protection than sharks. andrew thomas, al jazeera. in australia. thai police say neither of the two men they have detained in connection with the bangkok bomb is this lead suspect. this man was arrested six days ago in a bangkok suburb. his dna and that of another
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suspect do not much samples from the person the police think is the bomber. 10s of thousands of israel i students missed the start of the new school year, christian schools have launched strikes to protest against deep budget cuts, they argue a decrease is being used to force cristal schools in to the state system. scott heidler reports from israel. >> reporter: student out frosting when they should be studying. hundreds of christian school students and their parents took to the streets in a community between jerusalem and tel aviv. it's part of a growing protest movement against the israeli government's decision to slash funding for christian schools that have 33,000 students. her two sons are at a christian school the entirely family was out protesting. >> there are systematic policies against christian schools, their aim is to shutdown the schools. they wouldn't have done all of these cut back fist that wasn't
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the case. what should i do with my children if the school shuts down? >> reporter: and this is where they should be the courtyard at the school with their fellow students enjoying the first week of classes. but like 46 other christian schools in israel the teachers and students are a strike. talks between school officials and the ministry of education have broken down. some feel the budget cuts are away to force schools from the current status of unofficial but recognize through official. >> translator: physical we begin an official school, then they will appoint a principal and a teachers and can change the structure of the school. about fukudome we are not in charge of all of these things, then why are we here. >> reporter: officials say there has been a steady decline of funding. described as a death blow. the government says they are not trying to slit the schools.
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>> translator: christian schools in israel get similar budget like other private jewish schools. they get 65% to 70%, there has not been any change in 2015. we have no intention to hurt them of the ministry wants to help these schools preserve the uniqueness. >> reporter: and that uniqueness has proven to be successful. 1/3 of university students in israel came from christian schools. something that will no doubt be effective if the dispute is not resolved and the gates of these schools remain shut. scott heidler, al jazeera, israel. in south africa, thousands of children don't have book to his read. about 80% of schools don't have libraries and many families can't afford to buy them. one man is on a mission to change that, through what he calls underground libraries. tanai page reports. >> reporter: he is sharing his love of books.
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>> we have many, many options. and there are plenty of them at his underground library. two rooms at his mom's house cramed with donated dukes, they are starting to encroach on his broom so he's tidying up to make space but it's hard it see how he will have room to 5,040,000 books a business wants to give him. >> but it's a good donation because we are already having people who are eager to branch out with us in terms of operating underground libraries. common people. >> reporter: his concept is spreading because many south africans don't have access to books. never not affordable for most people and most schools don't have libraries. the need seven greater in this neighborhood because the library was burned down by residents during protest in february, they were demanding the installation of prepaid electricity meeters and an end to corruption. this is all that's left of the old library, it is ironic that in frosting for debtor services
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some residents ended up destroying some of the infrastructure the community was benefiting from. but he is philosophical about the fire. >> i believe also if you can read, there are worse crimes than burning books, one of them is not reading them. so i think the library is also more of like a zombie ghost place especially to young people and we of the under ground are trying to change that. >> reporter: this is morning just place to borrow books. >> we are trying for make reading fashionable, like a do you recall to the youth. he's encouraging debate. role playing and writing. >> on this day everyone has the right to to embarrass their culture. >> to embrace, embrace. >> reporter: he's adding to his collection by regularly walk throwing town collecting donations from his neighbors. he believes reading encouraging people to dream. >> job well done. >> reporter: and to use their
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creatively and nba ways that benefit themselves and their community. toon i can't page, al jazeera, south africa. >> plenty more on the news and sport as well. the address is saudi arabia's king salman and a weapons package on the agenda for his meeting with president obama. couples celebrating, in kentucky the clerks office for the first time in months is issuing marriage licenses with the clerk herself behind bars. and a final farewell to a deputy in houston whose murder touched a national nerve on violence and the