Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 7, 2015 1:00pm-1:31pm EDT

1:00 pm
>> making a break for the european union. hundreds of refugees pass through the police lines on the hungary serbia border. tensions rise on the greek 82 island, lesbos. refugees demand their transfer to athens. good to have you with us, i'm david foster. you're watching al jazeera from london. also in this program. the european farmers confronting police in brussels as they protest about a dramatic slump
1:01 pm
in milk and meat process. it's no laughing matter as a comedian emerges as the front runner in guatemala's presidential election. and the former president of chad is dragged into court to face justice for crimes against humanity. hungary's defense minister has now quit over the huge influx over refugees. resignation, as tension boiled over between hungary and serbia. border town of rushka. standoff now for more than an hour. refugees once again approximating to push past police, and some of the
1:02 pm
hungarian police there using pepper spray to try and control the group. our correspondent andrew simmons is there and sent us this update. >> reporter: it's going to be even more draconian on the 15th of september, only a few days away, when the new laws that were passed in parliament last friday are actually put into force. the army could be deployed here. you'll see soldiers rather than the police enforcing what they call the law, which means that these people, had the new laws been in place, these would all be subject to criminal charges for illegally entering the country. there could be a three year jail sentence. all this goodwill we're seeing is contrasted , where the authorities are following political orders to come down on these people and coming down
1:03 pm
heavily. i will say that co contrasts wih the need for these refugees, all sorts of stuff has been brought to help these people. but the humanitarian side of this is hit and miss voluntary. it's not institutionalized humanitarian help. it is an absolute mess. there is no real conditions. ancoordination.the refugees dono do. they have no idea what to do next apart from maybe run. >> european politicians scrambling still with the biggest refugee crisis since world war ii. britain has now joined france
1:04 pm
and germany, in agreeing to take in thousands of refugees, from camps bordering syria not from those camps in europe. barnaby plip flips has phillips. >> now they've reached the mainland but they want to carry on. that suits greece. provides buses to take them to the center of athens, from where most of these people will head north, to germany which is the preferred destination. angela merkel is looking for other european countries to do their part. >> we need a response with common european solidarity will
1:05 pm
we be able to muster this challenge. >> the french president is in agreement with angela merkel, he said his country will participate in an eu wide system. proposing distributing 120,000 people over the next few years, of which france will take 24,000. we will do it as a mart of principle and because it is part of a proposal that we ourselves put forward. >> several of the refugees and migrants who have arrived want to move on to britain. this is calais where they wait for opportunities to cross to southern england. so what of the british government? the prime minister has been coming under criticism for not doing enough. in parliament he announced a
1:06 pm
proposition. >> we proposed to settle over 20,000 refugees over the rest of this parliament. in doing so we'll continue to show the world that this country is a country of extraordinary compassion always standing up for its values and helping those in need. >> some countries are giving ground. although the number of refugees they're talking about accepting are still only a small fraction of the hundreds of thousands who have traveled to europe this year. barnaby phillips, al jazeera. have they landed yet? >> they landed just a few
1:07 pm
minutes ago. it's a bit chaotic. they are volunteers from denmark who are helping giving them water and food. you will see on that, there are a lot of children on this boat, tiny kids, these children are as young as two years old, and the other two babies are less than one year old. and it's the birthday, actually, of the little girl in yellow who is holding the apple in her hand. now, they have arrived on this wooden boat here. it is actually one of the largest boats we have seen arriving on this coast. usually they arrive in shawler rubber dinghies and in much smaller groups. i asked one of the syrian young men, said how was this crossing?
1:08 pm
he says this was in the a crossing, it was an escape, there is a big difference. i was watching them, they were telling each other, i cannot believe our dream came true. there is certainly a lot of joy. now it is not going to be very easy for them. yes, they are relaxing. yes, they were welcomed and one of the ladies say, we have never seen this kind of treatment on the other side. this is the first time i feel like a human being again. after this moment it is going to be quite difficult for them, it is pitch dark and they need to keep on moving, need to get on this dirt road, walking in the dark and they need to continue to the place they have to wait for a day two days a week. it depends on the registration goes. to continue their journey. >> could you ask them this
1:09 pm
question, their in greece now, i think you said they've come from turkey and they were syrian refugees. they were safe in turkey, looking for safety. why continue with the journey? >> reporter: i will explain them to that now. [ translating ] >> reporter: okay, this young man says he's going to germany because he already has family, that is in germany already. i'm going to ask him about the fact whether he foss that germany is taking in a large group of refugees? [ translating ] they're saying they're going to germany because they feel that in germany they
1:10 pm
have the safety that they could stay there. and this young man was saying i want to go there and continue my studies. so certainly, a man asked me are we in greece? i said yes, you are on the island of lesbos. you have to walk about 50 kilometers to mitalini. he was quite surprised. he says at least we're safe. i'm worried my kids are very tired and have been through a lot. >> a birthday to round off that extraordinary voyage, hoda, thank you, hoda abdel hamid, on the greek island of les bos. lesbos. >> in other southwest of the iraqi city tikrit, progovernment
1:11 pm
forces took the city back from i.s.i.l. in april. united states has delivered more arrangements and equipment to sunni tribal fighters to iraq's anbar province. they are expected to join the counteroffensive against i.s.i.l. but they are mistrusted by government troops and shia militia. as zeina khodr reports, the offensive is slowing down the advance. >> on the front lines against i.s.i.l. these men who operate under the government-backed popular mobilization forces have been doing most of the fighting in the absence of a capable military. but their growing strength in the sunni province of anbar has raised concerns in washington. >> translator: if the
1:12 pm
international coalition and its regional partners are reducing from 103,000 to 71,000 they want the number of the sunni fighters to increase from 15,000 to 50,000 this has caused tensions from the leadership of the popular mobilization forces and the government. >> the u.s. has been equipping sunni fighters as part of its strategy to defeat i.s.i.l. a new contingent has arrived. making clear that these men will eventually become part of a state military apparatus. some shia say this is creating an issue. >> subjected to all military regulations. >> reporter: but on the ground the government and allies forces have made litigate progress.
1:13 pm
they're almost daily casualties as they try the advance to the cities of ramadi and fallujah. i.s.i.l. has not only strengthened fortifications, it has also broken through offensive lines to carry out suicide bombings. >> i.s.i.l.'s tactics ma have slowed down operation he but the u.s. made clear it doesn't be want shia militias to lead the fighting in certain areas. shia led government in baghdad to fight groups threatening in the state. these sunni tribal elders may be confident they can defeat i.s.i.l. but what comes after will determine if iraq as a country can celebrate victory.
1:14 pm
zeina khodr. al jazeera, baghdad. coming up. to west africa, forest is disappearing fast. we'll tell you why in just a couple of minutes. >> scientists reveal cutting-edge technologies... >> you can look beyond the horizon and extend your reach. >> that could avert disaster while helping save the planet. >> i feel like i have a front row seat for some very dramatic changes.
1:15 pm
this is a great place to work. not because they have yoga meetings and a juice bar. because they're getting comcast business internet. comcast business offers convenient installation appointments that work around your schedule. and it takes- done. - about an hour. get reliable internet that's up to five times faster than dsl from the phone company. call 800-501-6000 to switch today. perks are nice. but the best thing you can give your business is comcast business. comcast business. built for business.
1:16 pm
>> and the headlines here on al jazeera. hundreds of refugees have prone through a police blockade.
1:17 pm
trying to reach the european union from serbia. britain says it will take in people but only from camps neighboring syria and not those in neighboring europe. khalid al obedi escaped unharmed. farmers are protesting the crisis they see in the dairy industry. mortar cannon fired by police cg tear gas, too, on demonstrators who gathered outlook outsid outu headquarters. announced almost $560 million worth of aid to help the
1:18 pm
farmers. jacky rowland is amongst them. >> farmers have come from all over europe and they brought their tractors into the center of are brussels, in fact they are trying to turn the city into a kind of farmyard. if you have a look here, there are bales of straw, even plastic cows to develop the message that in their view, the cost of milk is too low. it costs them more to produce a liter of milk than they can get on the marketplace. they have timed this demonstration to coincide with a meeting of european ministers. hoping they will take action. >> a drone to attack and kill three members of islamic state of iraq and the levant, british officials happened in rah ca two weekraqqa.we're talking to parlt
1:19 pm
earlier david cameron said the move had been approved by the country's top legal officer. syrian city duma. repeatedly been targeted by government forces and many civilians there have died. well now people are pleading for help from humanitarian organizations. natasha guinane reports. >> the syrian suburb of duma, a waste land of bombed out buildings, twisted wire and mountains of concrete. the remaining few that live here say their morale is slowing being wiped out. >> translator: we were very active in the beginning. even when the uniquely snipers werregime sniperswere striking . >> reporter: last month as people rushed to help those
1:20 pm
injured during an air strike on the local market there was a second sweep by the bombers. the rescuers themselves became victims. more than 100 died. the syrian air force confirmed it had conducted air strikes nearby. local officials say duma should be declared a disaster area. >> translator: the campaign of air strikes against us is huge. as a civil defense team we can't work alone so we are foorming joinforming ajoint operation rot includes all groups on the ground. >> that may be difficult. throughout the war syrian forces and rebels have consistently targeted civilians. for now, duma raim remains a ght town.
1:21 pm
natasha guinane, al jazeera. joining saudi led coalition forces in yemen in the fight against houthi rebels. al jauf province has been in control of houthis since 2011. armed kurdish group pkk said it killed 15 soldiers in daluja, on thursday. turkey's president recep tayyip erdogan warned there would be a strong response. guatemala is going to have a runoff in its presidential election after three leading candidates split the election on sunday. the comedian, still unclear who he's going to be facing. daniel schwindler is in
1:22 pm
guatemala city. sent us this report. >> there is some clarity on the political landscape of guatemala but not much. tv comedian jimmy morales untainted by political scandals. anonymitnot enough ahead to pr. the people have chosen but have they chosen wisely? >> we guatemalans will be a lot wiser and hopefully we're going to have better politicians in the next four years. >> reporter: the man they elected as their last president, otto perez molina will be tried for involvement in a massive cruchtion scandal. massive
1:23 pm
corruption scandal. >> i'm voiding but at the same time, i don't agree with any of the proposals put forward by the candidates. but the people have spoken and have a much clearer idea of what democracy is. >> translator: the only thing my family asks is that the new president is not as bad as the last one. he damaged us, and i don't want that for my children or grandchildren. >> reporter: the new president will not take office until january. in the meantime, the country's being led by the interim leader, alexandro maldonado. guiding guatemala out of the turmoil of the recent months. guatemala is still in crisis but with all sides respecting the results and a judicial system fiedinfighting corruption are ss
1:24 pm
that the country is moving forward. the election result is a step towards greater stability. but guatemala remains full of surprises and uncertainty. daniel schwindler al jazeera, guatemala city. resumption of trial on war crimes, crimes against humanity, nicholas hak met some of his victims. >> racially said she was gang raped as she watched her father being tortured and killed. she was abducted and used as a sex slaves for chadian soldiers. she was 13. along with other victims they want to tell their stories. stories of murder, torture, starvation, and imprisonment. 25 years on they are walking together into the extraordinary
1:25 pm
african chambers. a tribunal set up by the african union in senegal. former chadian president is expected in court on monday. they say he is responsible for the atrocities committed against them. >> translator: it is important that we listen to what he has to say and what his men have done to us. >> the trial started in july but suddenly adjourned on the second day. habre was escorted out of the tribunal calling it a mass car masquerade. habre and thinks supporters believe he is not getting a fair trial. >> translator: when there is such political pressure, there is no justice. this trial is completely
1:26 pm
fabricated. >> reporter: when habre was in power he had the support of the united states. he has lived in exile for the last 25 years, crimes committed in africa, away from the international tribunal in the hague. by giving a voice to the voiceless this trial may bring an end to crimes commiton the continent that too often remain unpunished. at a tribunal before the trial, they say they speak for the dead, too scared to visit the past haunted by unspeakable acts. they want their pain and loss recognized as crimes against humanity so that perhaps others whether in chad or anywhere
1:27 pm
else, might muster the courage to speak out and seek justice. nicholas hak, al jazeera, da dacca. >> world forestry committee has been meeting and anna mote is there. >> this is a sawmill on technological of one of ghana's forest reserves. we have to film secretly. these workers don't want their activities exposed. they are organized, often arms groups who go into the forest to cut down trees illegally. according to the forestry commission, more than 80% of the timber sold within ghana is from illegal sources. the owner agreed to talk to us if we hide his face.
1:28 pm
>> for what it is to any place the police can get you, can threaten you and extort money from you. the military wants to get out of the business but it is very, very difficult to get out. >> we trekd deep int trekked dee forest. wherever it takes to chop down trees. this is known as a high-value tree, it's more than 200 years old. a tree of this size will sell for around $375 u.s. in another forest reserve in the western region, farmers are even burnlg thburning the shoots in o plant coca trees.
1:29 pm
the response has been slow. >> what we have tried to do is more of carrots and sticks, incentives, and the other is enforcement, by using some of the team like rapid response teams. but the big part of the solution is look at it from the governmental level, and it takes coordination. >> reporter: the commission is also replanting on degraded land. this is a teak tree plantation. environmentalists say thaenviroa has one of the best systems. >> there is so much interference, because if you delve deeper you realize that all the legal farms are politicians behind.
1:30 pm
and we must be very bold to talk about it. >> reporter: it's a complex situation and environmentalists fear that the forest forests wil disappear unless the deposit takes more serious action. ann narvetioa boatang in the fot region of ghana. >> for some reason as she was working this is what he did. withwolf whistles). the more peep that hear the story, the true story, no matter if you know nothing about the south, you knew that was long, you thought that child was brutalized that way.