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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 9, 2015 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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the u.n. proposes a unity government to end the conflict in libya. but the rival parliament still need to approve it. hello, you are watching al jazeera i am shoe lie ghosh live from our head quarters in doha. also coming up, russia denies that four of its long range cruise missiles fired at syria fell short and landed in iran. ainge third streets of guinea as supporters and opposition clash ahead of the elections. plus. >> reporter: i am in central
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malaysia, i will be telling you why the rare oil from these trees is big business for poachers and how it affects indigenous communities that depend on the forest. ♪ ♪ after months of talks to end the conflict in libya, the u.n. has proposed a deal that includes a national unity government. proposal still needs to be approved by the rival parliament. it fell in to chaos after the death of muammar qaddafi. two rivals are g.n.c. which operates out of tripoli, a formal rebels took over the capital city last year. the group drove out the internationally recognized government which now operates in the eastern city of tobruk. this administration is recognized by the u.n. and the arab league and it's allied to
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the general that commands a loose alliance of fax shuns. james bays has a report from new york. >> reporter: there were smiles when after talks that had lasted over a year the u.n. mediator announced his plans for a unity government in libya. he said it had been a difficult process. >> this was not an easy task. we have been listening to many people, inside and outside the dialogue. finally it will be six personalities. >> reporter: at its head, prime minister an architect from a prominent family in tripoli. the challenges facing a new unity government are immense, it's now almost four years since the death of libya's former ruler muammar qaddafi. the country has been racked by turmoil and violence ever since.
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the two main fan factions only reluctantly agreed to the deal and there has been so much bloodshed and political bad blood there are many who oppose it. there are fighters and militia who are unlikely to obey the new government. particular attention will be on this man, renegade general. one of the first challenges for the new administration will be to take on isil, who have a major foot hold in qaddafi's hometown. libya's borders are not secure, the country is awash of weapons and refugees are making their way to the coast. so many people have died making the journey from libya towards europe. for months the european union has been proposing a maritime operation to intercept the boats. now on friday, a resolution to authorize that operation will come before the u.n. security council for a vote. james bays, al jazeera, at the
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united nations. french officials say they launched airstrikes overnight targeting an isil training camp in syria. defense minister says more strikes will follow. france also says 80 to 90% of russian strikes in syria are not targeting isil. many while, russia is denying reports by u.s. official that his four of its missiles fired at syria may have crashed in iran. the cruise missiles were launched from the caspian sea on wednesday. they were intended for syrian rebel targets 1600-kilometers away. moscow insists all 26 missiles hit their targets think the iranian government hasn't commented. well, the u.s. state department says it's deeply concerned by those reports. >> if it's true that a couple of their cruise missiles land ed in iran, again, i am not going to get in to greater detail, but i think i know, if something like that happened, again, i can't
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confirm it, but i think it points all the more towards the need to have proper deconflicts procedures in place. russia is continuing its airstrikes in syria. this video is said to show the aftermaths of moscow said 27 targets were hit. russia's involvement in the syrian war topped the agenda during nato's defense alliance in thursday. nato called russia's actions not helpful, saying their airstrikes are a troubling escalation, neave barker reports. >> reporter: it's more than a week since russia began airstrikes in syria. now nato is playing catch up. they caught the alliance by surprise, described by the u.s. ambassador to nato as quite impressive. but now it was time for alliance defense chief to his coordinate a robust response. after nato member turkey said
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russian fighter jets had violated its airspace. >> i called on russia to play a constructive role in the fight against isil. but russian actions and the support to the regime are not helpful. the recent violations of turkish airspace are unacceptable. the we don't to follow the developments closely and stand in strong solidarity with turkey. >> reporter: russia has launched an increasing number of aerial attacks on positions in syria. along with cruise missiles from russian warships stationed in the caspian sea. nato fears russia isn't just interested in destroying isil and al qaeda arc but all anti-assad groupings, including rebels backed by the u.s. nato has responded to the challenge posed by russian airstrikes. by rushing through plans for a
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new, rapid task force deploying thousands of troops and machinery at short notice. there will be new bases in eastern and southern europe, protecting the likes of alliance member turk friday any spill over from the war in syria. >> i think russia is probably asserting its presence there in a very strategic and public way. we are here, we are going to be here, and there is going to be more of us here. >> reporter: syria's theater of war is becoming increasingly crowded. russian and u.s. alliance fighter jets now share the same airspace, but back different sides of the conflict. russia has go ahead the incursions in to turkish airspace were accidental. but nato fears moscow is testing the alliance's defenses. a political solution to the crisis is now needed more than ever. neave barker, al jazeera, at nato headquarters, brussels. israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu has said strong steps will be taken against those inciting hatred.
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there has been a wave of violence across israel and the occupied palestinian territories, palestinians are worried that israel is trying to expand the jewish presence at the al actio al-aqsa mosque com. >> translator: the actions that i have spoke about and didn't speak about will not be instant magic. police in lebanon have made several arrests after an anti government demonstration in beirut turned violent. hundreds of people took to the streets of the hleb need capital on thursday to protest corruption and demand regime changes, demonstrators are also unhappy about the [ technical difficulties ] australia is negotiating a deal with the philippine to his transfer asylum seek he is being held indefinitely in detention centers on remote immaterial pavol issued islands, many are in nauru but they have banned
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journalists from the area and it's heightened concern concernt the conditions there. this foot footage is three yea. al jazeera was invite ed in nauru to watch australian joels build what they called a detention center for the asylum seekers. but now the media is banned from visiting the island state. the government there said journalists needed to pay $6,000 to apply for a visa. but in an e-mail from the government, al jazeera always been told now that all media applications are being refuse the nauru's government claims what was a prison for refugees is now an open facility. the president wrote recently refugees were regularly seen swimming, dining out and enjoying a lifestyle that is safe but banning reporters casts down on that. >> the allegations that we are hearing are very serious, this involves sexual abuse of women and children, young children
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inside the center. we are hearing allegations of rain. >> reporter: there is no independent scrutiny of what is going on. nauru's government has also back ahead way from a commitment it gave at the beginning of this week to give all asylum seekers a decision by this weekend as to whether they would be recognized as refugees. 12 n1 to 200 will now have to w. those that they say are not genuine refugees, will be sent back to their countries the rest will stay in that raw or sent to a third country but not australia. they have said discussed paying $150 million for philippines to take its refugees will not publically comment in relation to where some of the negotiations were at. i think we are best to discuss those issues in private with those partners. and if there is an announcement
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to maybe we can announce it. >> reporter: australia's tough policies towards refugees have stopped the boats. this is old footage too. but where refugees have been center places hid are hidden him screwed any and australia is struggling for a next stage in its policy. the european union has agreed to speed up deportation of refugees whose application for asylum has been rejected the region is battling the worst migration crisis since world war ii. interior ministers met in luxembourg on thursday and said economic migrants will be sent back to their home countries. many come from poor african countries and aren't escaping warm the e e.u.'s foreign policy chief says countries including those in the western balkans have showed a new political will in tackling the refugees crisis. >> the meeting tonight is somehow a starting point, a new starting point.
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our e.u. and nonmember e you feel states of the western balance caps the willingness to have sort of a new start in relations that need to be cooperative in managing the flows, in managing the borders, the reception, the assistance and in managing the phenomenon but it doesn't stop at boarders, and that involves all regions. still to come on the program. thousands living in risk zones. could guatemala have averted a loss of life in the mudslide last week? and britain's national health service in crisis. as junior doctors threaten to go on strike.
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>> they don't fear anything. >> they're consuming economically important species >> we're offering something on our menu that no-one else is offering.
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♪ ♪ welcome back, i am shiulie ghosh, let's reminds i of the top stories the u.n. has propose aid deal to end the conflict in libya including a national unity government. the proposal still needs to be approved by the rival parliament. russia is denying reports by u.s. official that his four of its cruise missiles fired at syria may have crashed in iran. the missiles were launched from russian warships in the caspian sea on wednesday. israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu has said strong steps will be taken against those inciting hatred. there has been a wave of violence across israel and the occupied palestinian territories over the past weeks. inning creasing violence ahead of presidential elections in the west african state of donee a sunday.
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a hospital worker says one person killed in fighting between supporters of political parties. caroline malone reports. >> reporter: they are supposed to be taking their differences in the polls on sunday. but instead, members of opposing political parties in guinea have taken their difference to his the streets. supporters of the head of the main opposition party rallied on thursday. things turned violent when they met members of the ruling party who had the support of the police. people set shops and vehicle on his fire and they fought each other. >> ther >> translator: there was a man next to us who had glass in his pocket. i wanted to stab my friend. when i stopped him he stabbed my hand and ran way. >> reporter: there are seven candidates running to unseat the president. he got in to office in late 2010 and promised change for guinea. a country that suffered after years under a dictatorship.
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half of the population live in poverty. and the recent ebola outbreak surhurt the economy but the vies he hasn't done enough. >> translator: we are tired of this government. we don't have work. we don't have money. only ebola. we are tired of him. he needs to leave power now. >> reporter: some opposition leaders say they want to delay the election. they say there are irregularities with voter cards and minors on the electoral register. but despite these concerns, and the violent betweens potential voters, the election commission and the president say it will still happen on sunday. caroline malone, al jazeera. police in northeastern brazil have used pepper spray to disburse students occupying university buildings. scuffles broke out on the second day of the protest over the university's new rules. students and teachers are demanding the approval of a new statute for the university council and more security. now, to guatemala where one
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week after a land slide killed more than 200 people, they are still burying the dead. hundreds of still missing. with the rescue operation over, many are starting to ask if the disaster could have been prevent the. david mercer reports from the outskirts of caugh guatemala ciy where the mudslide happened. >> reporter: he and his family are trying to come to terms with their grief. last week a deadly land slide buried his sister and 11 other family members. the bodies of eight relatives have been identified and laid to rest in this cemetery. but they still haven't recovered the other four. >> translator: it brings great pain to my family. we have such sadness in our hearts. we ask god to take this pain way. it hurts so much to hear the tears of so many people. >> reporter: weeks of near constant rain brought down part of this mountain side.
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burying 125 homes under a million cubic meters of earth. more than 220 people have been found dead. and hundreds more are still missing. in recent days, authorities have identified fractures that could lead to more landslides. and some people have been evacuated. this house beside me is on the edge of a ravine and in guatemala city alone more than 300,000 people are living in risk zones. now that the public prosecutor's office has launched an investigation trying to determine responsibility for this latest disaster, there is hope that there will be more protection for people living like this. but municipal authorities who were warned in 2008 that this ravine was a risk zone so theree is no simple solution. >> translator: the people living in the ravenna received here before there were the types of laws we have now. there are people who live here and consider this their home. it's very difficult to tell these people that they have to
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leave their houses. >> reporter: with the fourth highest risk of natural disasters in the world, gout mall an authorities say it's crucial that better systems are put in to place. >> translator: we have to act now. we can't let this happen again. and unfortunately, this disas her needs to be used to strengthen our institutions and our laws to prevent more people from becoming victims. >> reporter: a tragedy that could have been prevented, and left some of the country's most vulnerable to pay the ultimate price. david mercer, al jazeera, guatemala. in the u.s., the family of an unarmed black man shot by a white police officer will receive 6 1/2 million dollars in damages. the city of charleston in the state of south carolina has agreed to the settlement. watt ter scott was shot in the back april of last year. the incident was caught on a
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bystander's camera and reignited a national outcry over the treatment of mind or at this groups. police in germany have raided vehicle vehicles whack ws headquarters looking for evidence in a pollution scandal. meanwhile the car maker's ceo has apologize today the scandal. michael horn testified before a congressional subcommittee for his company's decision to cheat emission tests. horn calls the entire episode deeply troubling. >> we have broken the trust of our customers, dealerships, employees, as well as the public and the regulators. and let me be very clear, we at weeks are volkswagen take full responsibility for our actions. british doctors are threat evening to go on strike for new rules that see them work longer for less pay, the government wants to bring in a new contract that affects more than 50,000 junior doctors. emma hayward reports from lond london.
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>> reporter: it was an bib you plan to bring free healthcare to how. it's been the pride of britain for 70 year old, now it is in crisis. under pressure and struggling to pay its bills. thousands of junior doctors are threatening to walk out in all row over pay and conditions. a young doctor, tom lovers had i nobody and always expected to work long hours. but worries a new contract which the u.k. government wants to introduce could push people too far. >> we all went in to this because we care he nor he norm y about our patients, we knew it was a stressful job. >> reporter: the new contract ill effect $50,000.50000 junior doctors. they say junior doctors should
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be treated with fairness. w0eurworried that a system whics supposed to be the gold standard in care for everyone not just the rich is being steadily dismantled, claims the government denies, many junior doctors fear this new contract will put more pressure on an already squeezed service. more and more of them are considered going abroad to work. the perception is that in places such as australia and new zealand, they would be treated better. >> what we are really upset about is that if we work dangerously long hours, then the decisions we make, which are life and death decisions. we don't want to put patients at risk because we are too tired to make decisions safely. >> reporter: if they do take action it will be the first time
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since the 1970s, a period of discontent in british life and one not government will want to live through again. emma hayward, al jazeera, in london. north korea is due to hold a military parade to mark the 70th anniversary of the ruling party. china, north crease a's most important ally will be sending a delegation, but as adrian brown reports, relations between the two neighbors have been tense recently. >> reporter: north korea is tantalizingly close here, an unimpeded peek in the hermit kingdom. the industrial city just meters from the chinese border. the riff mark the front between two supposed allies. but it appears relations are not what they were.
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china's government blames north korean soldier who his came looking for food. this local man says more needs to be done to protect the community. >> translator: of course i worry about my safety. but there is nothing i can do about it. i live here. >> reporter: like most people here, mr. lee is an ethnic korean. he lives in the village here where three police surveillance cameras have now been installed. in total, 10 people have been murdered in this remote region since last december. chinese government officials confirm another citizen was shot in the area two weeks ago. but they won't say if they think north korea is to blame. until response to the murderers, some have moved away. but villager villages had alrean to em empty. and only the old remain and they feel especially vulnerable.
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>> translator: when they cross the border looking for food just give it to them. and you would he be fine if you don't they might take revenge on you. >> reporter: the security fence is more than three meters high here, but some worry that the barrier is not enough to protect they believe. well, just across the border a glimpse of every day life in north korea, and as you can see here, there is a gap in the fence making it very easy for a north korean civilians or soldier to slip in to china. china's government has shown willingness to publicize the murders a sign of beijing's growing anger and frustration with pyongyang say analysts. >> i would say that the relationship may not be at a tipping points, but it is definitely much worse than it has ever been. >> reporter: but china's ties with south korea have rarely been better. the president was a guest of honor at last month's big military parade in beijing. >> not only that but beijing is trying to present itself as a super power engaged geo
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politically interested in economic prosperity and north korea is an embarrassing sort of blight on that sort of agenda. >> reporter: for now, though, china remains north korea's most important and far richer friend. but the tensions it's provoking along the border could put that friendship at risk. adrian brown, al jazeera, on the china-north korean border. a popular tree is becoming increasingly engaging erred in malaysia. when harvested in vast amounts the bark can fetch thousands of dollars on the black market. last year more than $120,000 of illegally poached wood was seized. now we go to central malaysia from where we received this report. >> reporter: two-thirds of malaysia is covered by forest. home to more than 1500 species of animals and as many plants. indigenous tribes have lived off the land no generations. trikes men such as this, know the forest well and how to harv
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he had without causing permanent damage. the trees is plentiful. if innin infected with a naturay occurring fungus a dark resin is produced within it. when processed it's used as a perfume, especially popular in the middle east. it takes a trained nose and eye to locate the right trees. but there are others who don't care about the trees. only the profit to be made from them. >> we feel very sad when we go in to the forest and see poachers from thailand and cambodia kitting our trees. because -- cutting our trees, because people from far away lands come and take the trees and we have very few left. >> reporter: up to 80 members of the community harvest the resin that comes from these trees, but that is not the case for poachers that enter malaysia and sell these trees whether they have resin in them or not. one kilo of poached wood can be worth as much as $30,000 which
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is why the market is growing. the production is supposed to be regulated but locally made it's difficult to produce and is expensive to buy. >> one thowrks 2,000 sometimes. >> reporter: it's very expense sniff. >> yeah. >> reporter: the malaysia government needs to crack down on foreigners in protected areas and forest reserves and needs to come up with a scheme so that only genuine malaysian collectors are allowed to collect. >> reporter: the malaysian government didn't respond to our question for comment. commercial production is being licensed. and it's hoped farms like this one will deter poachers from the forest. they aren't just nurturing young saplings but local people who depend on the land to survive. local people such as this who live hundreds of kilometer to his the north of those licensed farms is depending, as his tribe
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always has on the forest to survive despite the new threat from poachers to their traditional way of living. al jazeera, malaysia. and you can find out more on that story and all of the day's top stories on our website. the address al jazeer aljazeera. >> every year, the u.s. imports more and more produce - fresh fruits and vegetables - from mexico. and every year, wages have stayed the same for the people that harvest that produce - sometimes the last people to touch the fruit bought by u.s. consumers. but after years of long, hot days and stagnant pay, workers left the fields and took to the streets to demand better working conditions - and a living wage. the response from the government was swift - and fierce.