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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 9, 2015 7:00am-7:31am EDT

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the nobel peace prize for 2015 is to be awarded to the tunisia national dialog quartets. >> the tunisia group wins the prize for paving the way for democracy in the country. ♪ i'm julie gosh in doha and advising syrian forces has been killed near aleppo. another tension heightening in israel and occupied palestinian
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territories, proposes to end conflict in india but the parliaments still need to ap broov it. approve it. ♪ tunisia's national dialog quartet has been awarded the nobel peace prize and nobel committee honored the quartet for contribution for building democracy after the revolution in 2011. >> the quartet was formed in summer of 2013 when democratzation process was in danger of collapsing as a result of political assassinations and widespread social unrest. it established an alternative, peaceful, political process at a time when the country was on the brink of civil war. >> the kwar tell is has four important groups and organizations represent different sectors and values in
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tunisia society and members work to protect the rights of the entire population irrespective of gender, political conviction or religious belief and it was formed in 2014 when true knee -- tunisia was on the brink of civil war and this is what it means for tunisia. >> on the brink of civil unrest, the democracy or the democratic process that was underway after the revolution in 2011 was under threat and these groups of people, civil society stepped in really and brought about national dialog and really it was an example to the rest of the arab world that national dialog bringing in different voices from differ perspectives can work and the new constitution and free and fair elections and the people here are really pleased and surprised
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as i say and there were 200 nominees and people were not expecting for tunisia to stand out and win but are extremely happy about it. israeli police say a palestinian man was shot after he stabbed an officer in the occupied west bank, hours earlier four arabs were stabbed in domona and attacker was arrested and in a third one they stopped a teenager in jerusalem and attacker was taken in custody and mike hanna joins us now from occupied east jerusalem and mike just bring us up to date on what the latest attacks. >> another tack in the galalea town and a woman attempted to stab an israeli resident, she was shot apparently by police. then there has been the attack in the settlement in occupied
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west bank, that settlement of arbor, a man there attempted to get a weapon from police and the guard likely wounded and the man was subsequently shot. there has also been an attack in jushgs lumbar, in a jerusalem in west jerusalem and a stabbing and using a potato peeler and attacker arrested and in a different way an attack in damona and there was an israeli 17-year-old attacked a group of arabs and wounded two at the west bank and two residents of a nearby village in the israeli was arrested by the police. so it's a series of events happening in the west bank and israel proper and tensions
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mounting high and police say very difficult of what they say a series of attacks carried out by what they call lone wolf attackers on random and unorganized basis. >> on the mosque compound and understand men under 45 have been ban from there and tell us what that reaction has had. >> well once again here at the mosque compound this is a major point of entrance, the damascus gate and it was filled through the morning and those age of 45 or legally resident in the old city were allowed to enter the gate behind me and palestinians gathered up the road in a short demonstration and one arrest made and the people there praying along with those praying in the mosque compound but generally as you can see the situation in and around this particular area in occupied east
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jerusalem has returned to a semblance of normality but must remember in the last 24 hours there have been serious points of conflict in and around the city in the refugee camp in the past 24 hours, a large number of palestinians were wounded and including one palestinian who was shot and killed as the red crescent said it was a sniper rifle and calm and peaceful it appears at this particular point in occupied east jerusalem the propensity of another outflaring of violence is always there. >> mike hanna in east jerusalem and let's speak on the line to where the funeral is taking place of a palestinian who was shot dead. tell us about that. >> yes, actually the funeral
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procession is just arriving now and this young palestinian has died six days ago and he has killed two israeli and one by stabbing in the occupied east jerusalem but only this morning the israelis have returned the body to ramalla and it's a huge funeral procession and the people have not seen such a show of unity for a long, long time here in the occupied west bank. i can see flags from all the political factions overhead, flying over that procession, that will probably show an indication really of how angry palestinians are due to what has been going on. also after the burial such as the youth will say they will head to one of the many flash
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points where there have been on going confrontations between the palestinians and the israeli army for the past several days. now they say they are going to go there again today to keep up the pressure. >> thank you for that, hada on the phone there from ramala. senior iranian military general killed advising president bashar al-assad's army and confirmed the death and said general died near aleppo and said to be helping the government against rebels and believe iranian troops are on the ground supporting government forces. zaina has more. >> reporter: iranian state media saying he was killed by quote terrorists while advising the syrian military on the ground. they do say that he was killed
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the aleppo countryside and no details of where and how really and where in aleppo but what we understand from the syrian observatory from human rights they have is that the general was killed in fighting near the front line in the military airport and now iran we do know has advisors on the ground and acknowledge that and say military advisors are there to help the syrian army but iran categorically denies they are fighting with the army and opposition says otherwise. the syrian government doesn't just get help from iran, it gets help from another ally the movement in hezbollah with thousands in syria helping the army and its vital support from iran and hezbollah, the syrian president himself said they are suffering from man power problems and the army is over stretched and now the syrian government getting support from another ally the russians and the information on the iranian
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general's death launched on the ground by i.s.i.l. and i.s.i.l. has not taken ground from the syrian government but the rebels in a very important location, in the eastern countryside of aleppo and taken positions from the opposition basically cutting their supply line from turkey to the city of aleppo, a big gain and a big blow to the opposition but right now i.s.i.l. is just two kilometers from a syrian government position, a very complicated picture on the ground, but what is clear is that the conflict really is intensifying on many fronts. france says fighter jets targeted an i.s.i.l. camp in the stronghold of raqqa and says more strikes will follow and joined the coalition last year and expanded the campaign to syria last month and 80-90% of russia strikes are not targeting i.s.i.l. and russia is
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continuing the air strikes in syria and this video shows attacks in hama and on thursday 27 i.s.i.l. targets were hit in the provinces of hama, homs and raqqa and antiaircraft forces have also been targeted. now to months of talks to end the conflict in libya u.n. proposed a deal that includes a national unity government, the proposal still needs to be approved by the rival parliaments and the country went to violence before moammar gadhafi in 2011 and two governments is the general national congress the gnc which operates out of tripoli and it came to power when an alliance of former rebels known as libya dawn took over and operates out of the eastern city of tabrook and recognized by the u.n. and arab league and its allies to
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the renegade general who commands a loose alliance of armed factions and diplomatic james base reports from the u.n. in new york. >> reporter: there was smiles when after talks that had lasted over a year the u.n. mediator announced his plans for a unity government in libya, leon said it had been a difficult process. >> this was not an easy task. we have been listening to many people inside and outside the dialog, finally it will be six personalities. >> reporter: at its head prime minister sarage an architect from a prominent family in tripoli, the challenges facing a new unity government remens and it's almost four years since the death of the former ruling moammar gadhafi and has been racked with turmoil and violence ever since and the two main
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factions only reluctantly agreed to the deal and so much blood shed and political bad blood there are many who oppose it. there are fighters and militia who are unlikely to obey the new government, particular attention will be on this man, renegade hafta, new challenge for the new administration will be the to take on i.s.i.l. who have a major foot hold in the town of cert and the borders are not secure and washed with weapons and major route for migrants and refugees for all over africa who make their way to libya's coast. so many people have died at sea making the journey from libya towards europe, for months the eu has been proposing the idea of maritime operation to intercept the votes. now on friday a resolution to authorize that operation will come before the u.n. security council for a vote, james base,
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al jazeera, united nations. still to come. >> we were told to say they actually paid. >> reporter: exclusive evidence that european governments have been paying raoms to free hostages abroad and local futbol team in south africa trying to give hope to a team riddled with deep divisions. ♪
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welcome back, let's remind you
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of the top stories on al jazeera, tunisia dialog quartet awarded this year's nobel peace prize and the young and shakety democracy had two attacks this year that killed 60 people and devastated the tourism industry. iran's revolutionary guard confirmed the death of a top military general and saying he was killed near aleppo and certain year advising president bashar al-assad's army. shot after he stabbed an officer in the west bank and others stabbed in the city and attacker who is israeli was arrested and the third incident they stabbed an israeli teenager in jerusalem and the attacker was taken into custody. european governments often deny they pay ransom for hostages but safe return of capacitors from syria say there may be more to the story and now al jazeera
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investigative unit has uncovered evidence that the government is doing deals with kidnappers and simon reports. >> italian citizen and his girlfriend debbie released by somali pirates linked to al-shabab in 2012 after nearly two years in captivity. >> welcome home. >> reporter: the media was told the couples release was secured by a combination of diplomacy and intervention but the best earn backed somali military forces. >> we love you. >> reporter: but secret intelligence documents obtained by al jazeera's investigative unit revealed that this was a lie. the italian government, in fact, paid over half a million dollars as an ransom and bruno's sister vera hekt who anything yaptyapt- negotiated for the family was told to stay quiet about her
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brother's release. >> we were told not to say they were paid. >> certain things we were not allowed to speak about and that is one of the things we were not even supposed to speak about. >> reporter: convinced the italian government saved her brother's life. >> they would have ended up burying my brother. >> reporter: despite the denials al jazeera has uncovered evidence that these same tactics were employed by the italian government to secure the release of their hostages held in syria. when they were released after several months in captivity in syria, there were rumors of a ran some payment, al jazeera has spoken to i-witness whose saw the cash handed over. >> translator: i was present when the money was delivered, i was me and the italian person who brought the money. >> translator: the money consisted of packs of $100,000 each in a separate plastic bag.
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>> reporter: italian government said the $4 million ransom was provided by families of the hose adjusts but he insists his family did not pay and he says he is unaware of any family payments. al jazeera has also obtained exclusive evidence that the italian government is even willing to pass millions of dollars to al-nusra and a group once linked to al-qaeda and they were released in january 2015, these exclusive pictures show the $11 million handed over to representatives of al-nusra for the two women, the italian government declined to comment on our allegation saying their policy is not to pay ran somes, simon with al jazeera. you can watch the full al jazeera investigates documentary the hostage business on monday
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2000 hours gmt and on line at al jazeera/investigators. doctors in england are threatening to strike and unhappy with the national service contracts which say will make them work longer hours for less pay and emma reports from london. >> the new national health service starts, have you chosen your family doctor. >> ambitious plan to bring free healthcare to all and decades has been the pride of britain and now nearly 70 years on the national health service is in crisis. under pressure and struggling to pay its bills, thousands of junior doctors are threatening to walk out in an row over pay and conditions and tom is a young doctor who loves his job and always expected to work long hours but worries a new contract which the uk government wants to
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introduce could push people too far. >> we all went into this because we care enormous about patients and we want to help people. and we all knew there were long hours and a very stressful job and were ready for that. >> reporter: effecting doctors working in england and offered some concessions and say has tomorrow's leaders they should be treated nice but the future of a world renown to use a system which is supposed to be the gold standard and care for everyone and not just the rich is being steadily dismantled, claims the government denies. many junior doctors fear this new contract will put more pressure on an already squeezed service, more and more of them are considering going abroad to work, the perception is that in places such as australia and new
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zealand they will be treated better. >> what we are really upset about is if we work dangerously long hours then the decisions we make which are life and death decisions could be impaired and we don't want to end up in a situation where we are putting patients at risk because we are extremely tired or not able to make the decisions safely. >> reporter: if doctors in england do take industrial action it will be the first time since the 1970s, a period of discontent in british life and one no government will want to live through again, emma hayward in al jazeera, london. recall 90,000 cars in australia with devices to cheat emissions test and chief executive in the u.s. testified at a subcommittee and a deeply troubling fraud and warned drivers it could take one or two years for their cars to be fixed and germany says around 3.6
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million cars in europe with 1.6 liter engines will require hardware changes and foreign minister joined the outcry over an indian woman who had one of her hands chopped out in saudi arabia and she is being treated in a hospital in riyadh and the 58 domestic helper said she was mutilated by her employer after she complained about not being paid and has tweeted her objection to what she called brutal and unacceptable treatment in saudi arabia. let's go back to the nobel peace prize and the winner tunisia dialog quartet and we will speak to the author of nobel peace prize, what nobel really wanted and good to have you with us frederick, if i can sum up. >> thank you. >> what nobel wanted was not what the nobel committed is delivering, can you explain that? >> and we think that peace is
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anything and that they can do whatever they like and when i started this eight years ago they had entirely forgotten the will and now they say they are not sur pursuing the will but doing what they have done and nobel had a great idea, the vision for the world and a change of the relations between nations and he wanted to liberate the nations from weapons, warriors and there by war so peace work shall go on in all walks of life and in all parts of society and take whatever forms you can think of, but nobel he was spot on event right to the core of the problem and said that as long as we have weapons, arms races there will be wars. >> but in this case, let me just ask you about this year's winner
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tunisia national dialog quartet is a body helped to have democracy and stability in tunisia and goes to the very heart of the arab spring movement in the middle east, how does that not meet the criteria for promoting peace? >> well, it's not a criteria here, it's the intention on nobel and he had that special approach and he did not go for -- this is a troubled region and i think it's fine if we want to encourage this situation and the solutions in this region. but it is still very far from the global approach, the common security idea of nobel is a much greater idea and the nobel committ committee is a very secretive community but the best kept secret is what the prize was intended to be there and
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therefore we have published in the peace prize watch a full list in february that pointed the committee to 25 of this year's nominees who were qualified and who would fit the ideal of nobel and it's peace work that the committee does it best to conceal at a price and antimilitary price. >> i'm so sorry to interrupt you, we are coming to the end of the program and thank you very much indeed for your thoughts and interesting to speak with you frederick there live from oslo. a small futbol club in south africa trying to erase tatings on immigrants and miller reports that the team's efforts may just fail at the final whistle. >> reporter: it's sunday morning in the johannesburg of may fair and matthew is getting ready for a game and joined local futbol club four years ago
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in an area with residents from across the continent. >> i love soccer so to go there is like i was going to where i know i will get what i love, what i love to do most. >> team organizers wanted more than fun out of the team and wanted to restore hope to a community riddled by deep divisions and seven years ago in may 2008, 62 people killed in attacks of foreigners ecross south africa and targeted other immigrants from other nations and they say they had the idea of bringing players of different nationalitys together and the team is made up mainly of immigrants and are five south africans. >> the only way we can enjoy the team together is when we play soccer. besides that people are always fighting. >> reporter: they get together once a week. >> we are here as africans. you have joined us from
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different countries. and defeat in humidity and also accept our humility as well. >> reporter: had to get special permission from the local futbol association to take part in the league because of ethnic makeup. >> our team got so many people as you can see from the country and but whatever we celebrate together and we are proud of what the team achieved so far. >> a since of dislocation of how we feel in a foreign country and we feel what we are doing here in some way has healed that pain. >> reporter: the team has been promoted four times since starting at the bottom of the local league. and the futbol club progressed from a local community futbol to divisions of semi league competition and further advances could be hit by a snag. league rules stipulate that all players have to be south
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african. >> it's tragic but that is the nature of the rules. >> reporter: the futbol club says it will field two separate teams one made up entirely of south africans but for this team the greater price is a strong community helping each other. miller with al jazeera. >> president obama travels to roseberg, oregon to meet with families of the shooting victims at community college. gun rights activists promise a protest. >> the abrupt departure which house speaker front runner kevin mccarthy have republicans scrambling to choose a new leader. >> the birth place of the arab spring is recognized with the nobel peace